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Roget's Thesaurus by Peter Mark Roget

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mistrust, cynicism.
unbeliever, skeptic, cynic; misbeliever.1, pyrrhonist; heretic &c.
(heterodox) 984.
V. be incredulous &c. adj.; distrust &c. (disbelieve) 485; refuse to
believe; shut one's eyes to, shut one's ears to; turn a deaf ear to; hold
aloof, ignore, nullis jurare in verba magistri[Lat].
Adj. incredulous, skeptical, unbelieving, inconvincible[obs3]; hard of
belief, shy of belief, disposed to doubt, indisposed to believe;
suspicious, scrupulous, distrustful, cynical.

1The word miscreant, which originally meant simply misbeliever, has now
quite another meaning (949). See Trench, On the Study of Words, p. 71.

#488. Assent. -- N. assent, assentment[obs3]; acquiescence, admission;
nod; accord, concord, concordance; agreement &c. 23; affirmance,
affirmation; recognition, acknowledgment, avowal; confession of faith.
unanimity, common consent, consensus, acclamation, chorus, vox populi;
popular belief, current belief, current opinion; public opinion;
concurrence &c. (of causes) 178; cooperation &c. (voluntary) 709.
ratification, confirmation, corroboration, approval, acceptance, visa;
indorsement &c. (record) 551[obs3].
consent &c. (compliance) 762.
pressure to conform, herd instinct, peer pressure.
V. assent; give assent, yield assent, nod assent; acquiesce; agree &c.
23; receive, accept, accede, accord, concur, lend oneself to, consent,
coincide, reciprocate, go with; be at one with &c. adj.; go along with,
chime in with, strike in with, close in with; echo, enter into one's views,
agree in opinion; vote, give one's voice for; recognize; subscribe to,
conform to, defer to; say yes to, say ditto, amen to, say aye to.
acknowledge, own, admit, allow, avow, confess; concede &c. (yield)
762; come round to; abide by; permit &c. 760.
arrive at an understanding, come to an understanding, come to terms,
come to an agreement.
confirm, affirm; ratify, approve, indorse, countersign; corroborate
&c. 467.
go with the stream, swim with the stream, go with the flow, blow with
the wind; be in fashion, join in the chorus, join the crowd, be one of the
guys, be part of the group, go with the crowd, don't make waves; be in
every mouth.
Adj. assenting &c. v; of one accord, of one mind; of the same mind, at
one with, agreed, acquiescent, content; willing &c. 602.
uncontradicted, unchallenged, unquestioned, uncontroverted.
carried, agreed, nem[abbr]. con. &c. adv[abbr: nemine contradicente].;
unanimous; agreed on all hands, carried by acclamation.
affirmative &c. 535.
Adv. yes, yea, ay, aye, true; good; well; very well, very true; well
and good; granted; even so, just so; to be sure, "thou hast said", you said
it, you said a mouthful; truly, exactly, precisely, that's just it, indeed,
certainly, you bet, certes[Lat], ex concesso[Lat]; of course,
unquestionably, assuredly, no doubt, doubtless; naturally, natch.
be it so; so be it, so let it be; amen; willingly &c. 602.
affirmatively, in the affirmative.
OK, all right, might as well, why not?
with one consent, with one voice, with one accord; unanimously, una
voce, by common consent, in chorus, to a man; nem[abbr]. con.[abbr: nemine
contradicente], nemine dissentiente[Lat]; without a dissentient voice; as
one man, one and all, on all hands.
Phr. avec plaisir[Fr]; chi tace accousente[It][obs3]; "the public mind
is the creation of the Master-Writers" [Disraeli]; you bet your sweet ass
it is; what are we waiting for? whenever you're ready; anytime you're

#489. Dissent.-- N. dissent; discordance &c. (disagreement) 24;
difference diversity of opinion.
nonconformity &c. (heterodoxy) 984; protestantism, recusancy, schism;
disaffection; secession &c. 624; recantation &c. 607.
dissension &c (discord) 713; discontent &c. 832; cavilling.
protest; contradiction &c (denial) 536; noncompliance &c (rejection)
dissentient, dissenter; non-juror, non-content, nonconformist;
sectary, separatist, recusant, schismatic, protestant, heretic.
refusal &c. 764.
V. dissent, demur; call in question &c. (doubt) 485; differ in
opinion, disagree; say no &c. 536; refuse assent, refuse to admit; cavil,
protest, raise one's voice against, repudiate; contradict &c. (deny) 536.
have no notion of, differ toto caelo[Lat]; revolt at, revolt from the
shake the head, shrug the shoulders; look askance, look askant[obs3].
secede; recant &c. 607.
Adj. dissenting &c. v; negative &c. 536; dissident, dissentient;
unconsenting &c. (refusing) 764; non-content, nonjuring[obs3]; protestant,
recusant; unconvinced, unconverted.
unavowed, unacknowledged; out of the question.
discontented &c. 832; unwilling &c. 603; extorted.
sectarian, denominational, schismatic; heterodox; intolerant.
Adv. no &c. 536; at variance, at issue with; under protest.
Int. God forbid! not for the world; I'll be hanged if; never tell me;
your humble servant, pardon me.
Phr. many men many minds; quot homines tot sententiae [Lat][Terence];
tant s'en faut[Fr]; il s'en faut bien[Fr];no way; by no means; count me

<-- p. 143 -->

#490. Knowledge.-- N. knowledge; cognizance, cognition, cognoscence|;
acquaintance, experience, ken, privity[obs3], insight, familiarity;
comprehension, apprehension; recognition; appreciation &c. (judgment) 480;
intuition; conscience, consciousness; perception, precognition;
light, enlightenment; glimpse, inkling; glimmer, glimmering; dawn;
scent, suspicion; impression &c. (idea) 453; discovery &c. 480a.
system of knowledge, body of knowledge; science, philosophy,
pansophy[obs3]; acroama|!; theory, aetiology[obs3], etiology; circle of the
sciences; pandect[obs3], doctrine, body of doctrine; cyclopedia,
encyclopedia; school &c. (system of opinions) 484.
tree of knowledge; republic of letters &c. (language) 560.
erudition, learning, lore, scholarship, reading, letters; literature;
book madness; book learning, bookishness; bibliomania[obs3],
bibliolatry[obs3]; information, general information; store of knowledge
&c.; education &c. (teaching) 537; culture, menticulture[obs3],
attainments; acquirements, acquisitions; accomplishments; proficiency;
practical knowledge &c. (skill) 698; liberal education; dilettantism;
rudiments &c (beginning) 66.
deep knowledge, profound knowledge, solid knowledge, accurate
knowledge, acroatic knowledge[obs3], acroamatic knowledge[obs3], vast
knowledge, extensive knowledge, encyclopedic knowledge, encyclopedic
learning; omniscience, pantology[obs3].
march of intellect; progress of science, advance of science, advance
of learning; schoolmaster abroad.
[person who knows much] scholar &c. 492.
V. know, ken, scan, wot[obs3]; wot aware[obs3], be aware &c. adj.- of;
ween[obs3], weet[obs3], trow[obs3], have, possess.
conceive; apprehend, comprehend; take, realize, understand, savvy*
[U.S.], appreciate; fathom, make out; recognize, discern, perceive, see,
get a sight-of, experience.
know full well; have some knowledge of, possess some knowledge of; be
au courant &c. adj.; have in one's head, have at one' fingers ends; know by
heart, know by rote; be master of; connaitre le dessous des cartes[Fr],
know what's what &c. 698.
see one's way; discover &c. 480a.
come to one's knowledge &c. (information) 527.
Adj. knowing &c. v.; cognitive; acroamatic[obs3].
aware of, cognizant of, conscious of; acquainted with, made acquainted
with; privy to, no stranger to; au -fait, au courant; in the secret; up to,
alive to; behind the scenes, behind the curtain; let into; apprized of,
informed of; undeceived.
proficient with, versed with, read with, forward with, strong with, at
home in; conversant with, familiar with.
erudite, instructed, leaned, lettered, educated; well conned, well
informed, well read, well grounded, well educated; enlightened, shrewd,
savant, blue, bookish, scholastic, solid, profound, deep-read, book-
learned; accomplished &c (skillful) 698; omniscient; self-taught.
known &c. v.; ascertained, well-known, recognized, received,
notorious, noted; proverbial; familiar, familiar as household words,
familiar to every schoolboy; hackneyed, trite, trivial, commonplace.
cognoscible[obs3], cognizable.
Adv. to one's knowledge, to the best of one's knowledge.
Phr. one's eyes being opened &c. (disclosure) 529; ompredre tout c'est
tout pardonner[French: to know all is to pardon all]; empta dolore docet
experientia[Lat];[Grk]; "half our knowledge we must
snatch not take" [Pope]; Jahre lehren mehr als Bucher[German: years teach
more than books]; "knowledge comes but wisdom lingers"[Tennyson];
"knowledge is power" [Bacon]; les affaires font les hommes [Fr]; nec scire
fas est omnia [Lat][Horace]; "the amassed thought and experience of
innumerable minds" [Emerson]; was ich nicht weiss macht mich nicht

<-- p. 144 -->

#491. Ignorance. -- N. ignorance, nescience, tabula rasa[Lat], crass
ignorance, ignorance crasse[Fr]; unfamiliarity, unacquaintance[obs3];
unconsciousness &c. adj.; darkness, blindness; incomprehension,
inexperience, simplicity.
unknown quantities, x, y, z.
sealed book, terra incognita, virgin soil, unexplored ground; dark
[Imperfect knowledge] smattering, sciolism[obs3], glimmering,
dilettantism; bewilderment &c. (uncertainty) 475; incapacity.
[Affectation of knowledge] pedantry; charlatanry, charlatism[obs3];
Philister[obs3], Philistine.
V. be ignorant &c. adj.; not know &c. 490; know not, know not what,
know nothing of; have no idea, have no notion, have no conception; not have
the remotest idea; not know chalk from cheese.
ignore, be blind to; keep in ignorance &c. (conceal) 528.
see through a glass darkly; have a film over the eyes, have a
glimmering &c. n.; wonder whether; not know what to make of &c.
(unintelligibility) 519; not pretend to take upon, not take upon one self
to say.
Adj. ignorant; nescient; unknowing, unaware, unacquainted, unapprised,
unapprized[obs3], unwitting, unweeting|, unconscious; witless,
weetless[obs3]; a stranger to; unconversant[obs3].
uninformed, uncultivated, unversed, uninstructed, untaught,
uninitiated, untutored, unschooled, misguided, unenlightened; Philistine;
behind the age.
shallow, superficial, green, rude, empty, half-learned, illiterate;
unread, uninformed, uneducated, unlearned, unlettered, unbookish; empty-
headed, dizzy, wooly-headed; pedantic;
in the dark; benighted, belated; blinded, blindfolded; hoodwinked;
misinformed; au bout de son latin, at the end of his tether, at fault; at
sea &c. (uncertain) 475; caught tripping.
unknown, unapprehended, unexplained, unascertained,
uninvestigated[obs3], unexplored, unheard of, not perceived; concealed &c.
528; novel.
Adv. ignorantly &c. adj.; unawares; for anything, for aught one knows;
not that one knows.
Int. God knows, Heaven knows, the Lord knows, who knows, nobody knows.
Phr. "ignorance never settles a question" [Disraeli]; quantum animis
erroris inest[Lat]! [Ovid]; "small Latin and less Greek" [B. Jonson]; "that
unlettered small-knowing soul" [Love's Labor's Lost]; "there is no darkness
but ignorance" [Twelfth NIght].

#492. Scholar.-- N. scholar, connoisseur, savant, pundit,
schoolman[obs3], professor, graduate, wrangler; academician,
academist[obs3]; master of arts, doctor, licentitate, gownsman;
philosopher, master of math; scientist, clerk; sophist, sophister[obs3];
linguist; glossolinguist, philologist; philologer[obs3]; lexicographer,
glossographer; grammarian; litterateur[Fr], literati, dilettanti,
illuminati, cogniscenti[It]; fellow, Hebraist, lexicologist, mullah,
munshi[obs3], Sanskritish; sinologist, sinologue[obs3]; Mezzofanti[obs3],
admirable Crichton, Mecaenas.
bookworm, helluo librorum[Lat]; bibliophile, bibliomaniac[obs3];
bluestocking, bas-bleu[Fr]; bigwig, learned Theban, don; Artium
Baccalaureus[Lat][obs3], Artium Magister[Lat].
learned man, literary man; homo multarum literarum[Lat]; man of
learning, man of letters, man of education, man of genius.
antiquarian, antiquary; archaeologist.
sage &c. (wise man) 500.
pedant, doctrinaire; pedagogue, Dr. Pangloss; pantologist[obs3],
schoolboy &c. (learner) 541.
Adj. learned &c. 490; brought up at the feet of Gamaliel.
Phr. "he was a scholar and a ripe and good one" [Henry VIII]; "the
manifold linguist" [All's Well That Ends Well].

#493. Ignoramus.-- N. ignoramus, dunce; wooden spoon; no scholar.
[insulting terms for ignorant person: see also imbecility 499, folly
501] moron, imbecile, idiot; fool, jerk, nincompoop, asshole [vulgar].
[person with superficial knowledge] dilettante, sciolist[obs3],
smatterer, dabbler, half scholar; charlatan; wiseacre.
greenhorn, amateur &c (dupe) 547; novice, tyro &c (learner) 541;
lubber &c (bungler) 701; fool &c. 501; pedant &c 492.
Adj. bookless[obs3], shallow; ignorant &c. 491.
Phr. "a wit with dunces and a dunce with wits" [Pope].

<-- p. 145 -->

#494. [Object of knowledge.] Truth. -- N. fact, reality &c.
(existence) 1; plain fact, plain matter of fact; nature &c. (principle) 5;
truth, verity; gospel, gospel truth, God's honest truth; orthodoxy &c.
983a; authenticity; veracity &c. 543; correctness, correctitude[obs3].
accuracy, exactitude; exactness, preciseness &c. adj.; precision,
delicacy; rigor, mathematical precision, punctuality; clockwork precision
&c. (regularity) 80; conformity to rule; nicety.
orthology[obs3]; ipsissima verba[Lat]; realism.
plain truth, honest truth, sober truth, naked truth, unalloyed truth,
unqualified truth, stern truth, exact truth, intrinsic truth; nuda
veritas[Lat]; the very thing; not an -illusion &c 495; real Simon Pure;
unvarnished tale, unvarnished truth; the truth the whole truth and nothing
but the truth; just the thing.
V. be true &c. adj., be the case; sand the test; have the true ring;
hold good, hold true, hold water.
render true, prove true &c. adj.; substantiate &c. (evidence) 467.
get at the truth &c. (discover) 480a.
Adj. real, actual &c. (existing) 1; veritable, true; right, correct;
certain &c. 474; substantially true, categorically true, definitively true
&c; true to the letter, true as gospel; unimpeachable; veracious &c. 543;
unreconfuted[obs3], unconfuted[obs3]; unideal[obs3], unimagined; realistic.
exact, accurate, definite, precise, well-defined, just, just so, so;
strict, severe; close &c. (similar) 17; literal; rigid, rigorous;
scrupulous &c. (conscientious) 939; religiously exact, punctual,
mathematical, scientific; faithful, constant, unerring; curious,
particular, nice, delicate, fine; clean-cut, clear-cut.
verified, empirically true, experimentally verified, substantiated,
proven (demonstrated) 478.
rigorously true, unquestionably true.
true by definition.
genuine, authentic, legitimate; orthodox &c. 983a; official, ex
pure, natural, sound, sterling; unsophisticated, unadulterated,
unvarnished, unalloyed, uncolored; in its true colors; pukka[obs3].
well-grounded, well founded; solid, substantial, tangible, valid;
undistorted, undisguised; unaffected, unexaggerated, unromantic,
Adv. truly &c. adj.; verily, indeed, really, in reality; with truth
&c. (veracity) 543; certainly &c. (certain) 474; actually &c. (existence)
1; in effect &c (intrinsically) 5.
exactly &c. adj.; ad amussim[Lat]; verbatim, verbatim et literatim
[Lat]; word for word, literally, literatim[Lat], totidem vervis[Lat], sic,
to the letter, chapter and verse, ipsissimis verbis[Lat]; ad unguem[Lat];
to an inch; to a nicety, to a hair, to a tittle, to a turn, to a T; au pied
de la lettre [Fr]; neither more nor less; in every respect, in all
respects; sous tous les rapports[Fr]; at any rate, at all events; strictly
Phr. the truth is, the fact is; rem acu tetigisti[obs3][Lat]; en
suivant la verite [Fr]; ex facto jus oritur [Lat]; la verita e figlia del
empo [It]; locos y ninos dicen la verdad [Spanish: crazy people and
children tell the truth]; nihil est veritatis luce dulcius [Lat][Cicero];
veritas nunquam perit [Lat][Seneca]; veritatem dies aperit [Lat][Seneca];
"the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth"; "just the facts,
ma'am, just the facts." [Dragnet].

#495. Error. -- N. error, fallacy; misconception, misapprehension,
misstanding[obs3], misunderstanding; inexactness &c. adj.; laxity;
misconstruction &c. (misinterpretation) 523; miscomputation &c.
(misjudgment) 481; non sequitur &c. 477; mis-statement, mis-report;
mistake; miss, fault, blunder, quiproquo, cross purposes, oversight,
misprint, erratum, corrigendum, slip, blot, flaw, loose thread; trip,
stumble &c. (failure) 732; botchery &c. (want of skill) 699[obs3]; slip of
the tongue, slip of the lip, Freudian slip; slip of the pen; lapsus
linguae[Lat], clerical error; bull &c. (absurdity) 497; haplography[obs3].
illusion, delusion; snare; false impression, false idea; bubble; self-
decit, self-deception; mists of error.
heresy &c. (heterodoxy) 984; hallucination &c. (insanity) 503; false
light &c. (fallacy of vision) 443; dream &c. (fancy) 515; fable &c.
(untruth) 546; bias &c. (misjudgment) 481; misleading &c. v.
V. be erroneous &c. adj.
cause error; mislead, misguide; lead astray, lead into error; beguile,
misinform &c. (misteach) 538[obs3]; delude; give a false impression, give a
false idea; falsify, misstate; deceive &c. 545; lie &c. 544.
err; be -in error &c. adj., be mistaken &c. v.; be deceived &c.
(duped) 547; mistake, receive a false impression, deceive oneself; fall
into error, lie under error, labor under an error &c. n.; be in the wrong,
blunder; misapprehend, misconceive, misunderstand, misreckon, miscount,
miscalculate &c. (misjudge) 481.
play at cross purposes, be at cross purposes &c. (misinterpret) 523.
trip, stumble; lose oneself &c. (uncertainty) 475; go astray; fail &c.
732; be in the wrong box; take the wrong sow by the ear &c. (mismanage)
699; put the saddle on the wrong horse; reckon without one's host; take the
shadow for the substance &c (credulity) 486; dream &c (imagine) 515.
Adj. erroneous, untrue, false, devoid of truth, fallacious,
apocryphal, unreal, ungrounded, groundless; unsubstantial &c. 4; heretical
&c. (heterodox) 984; unsound; illogical &c. 477.
inexact, unexact inaccurate[obs3], incorrect; indefinite &c.
(uncertain) 475.
illusive, illusory; delusive; mock, ideal &c (imaginary) 515; spurious
&c. 545; deceitful &c. 544; perverted.
controvertible, unsustainable; unauthenticated, untrustworthy.
exploded, refuted; discarded.
in error, under an error &c. n.; mistaken &c. v.; tripping &c. v.;
out, out in one's reckoning; aberrant; beside the mark, wide of the mark,
wide of the truth, way off, far off; astray &c (at fault) 475; on a false
scent, on the wrong scent; in the wrong box, outside the ballpark; at cross
purposes, all in the wrong; all out.
Adv. more or less.
Phr. errare est humanum[Lat]; mentis gratissimus error [Lat][Horace];
"on the dubious waves of error tost" [Cowper]; "to err is human, to forgive
divine" [Pope]; "you lie -- under a mistake" [Shelley].

<-- p. 146 -->

#496. Maxim.-- N. maxim, aphorism; apothegm, apophthegm[obs3];
dictum, saying, adage, saw, proverb; sentence, mot[Fr], motto, word,
byword, moral, phylactery, protasis[obs3].
axiom, theorem, scholium[obs3], truism, postulate.
first principles, a priori fact, assumption (supposition) 514.
reflection &c (idea) 453; conclusion &c (judgment) 480; golden rule
&c. (precept) 697; principle, principia[Lat]; profession of faith &c.
(belief) 484; settled principle, accepted principle, formula.
accepted fact.
received truth, wise maxim, sage maxim, received maxim, admitted
maxim, recognized maxim &c; true saying, common saying, hackneyed saying,
trite saying, commonplace saying &c.
Adj. aphoristic, proverbial, phylacteric[obs3]; axiomatic, gnomic.
Adv. as the saying goes, as the saying is, as they say.

#497. Absurdity. -- N. absurdity, absurdness &c. adj.; imbecility &c.
499; alogy|, nonsense, utter nonsense; paradox, inconsistency;
stultiloquy[obs3], stultiloquence[obs3]; nugacity[obs3].
blunder, muddle, bull; Irishism|!, Hibernicism|!; slipslop[obs3];
anticlimax, bathos; sophism &c. 477.
farce, galimathias[obs3], amphigouri[obs3], rhapsody; farrago &c
(disorder) 59; betise[Fr]; extravagance, romance; sciamachy[obs3].
sell, pun, verbal quibble, macaronic[obs3].
jargon, fustian, twaddle, gibberish &c (no meaning) 517; exaggeration
&c 549; moonshine, stuff; mare's nest, quibble, self-delusion.
vagary, tomfoolery, poppycock, mummery, monkey trick, boutade[Fr],
V. play the fool &c. 499; talk nonsense, parler a tort et a
travess[Fr]; battre la campagne[Fr][obs3]; ; be -
absurd &c. adj.
Adj. absurd, nonsensical, preposterous, egregious, senseless,
inconsistent, ridiculous, extravagant, quibbling; self-annulling, self-
contradictory; macaronic[obs3], punning.
foolish &c. 499; sophistical &c. 477; unmeaning &c. 517; without rhyme
or reason; fantastic.
Int. fiddlededee! pish! pho[obs3]! "in the name of the Prophet--figs!"
[Horace Smith].
Phr. credat Judaeus Apella [Lat][Horace]; tell it to the marines.

<-- p. 147 -->

#498. Intelligence. Wisdom. -- N. intelligence, capacity,
comprehension, understanding; cuteness, sabe * [obs3][U.S.], savvy *
[U.S.]; intellect &c. 450; nous[Fr], parts, sagacity, mother wit, wit,
esprit, gumption, quick parts, grasp of intellect; acuteness &c adj.;
acumen, subtlety, penetration, perspicacy[obs3], perspicacity; discernment,
due sense of, good judgment; discrimination &c 465; cunning &c. 702;
refinement &c (taste) 850.
head, brains, headpiece, upper story, long head; eagle eye, eagle-
glance; eye of a lynx, eye of a hawk.
wisdom, sapience, sense; good sense, common sense, horse sense [U.S.],
plain sense; rationality, reason; reasonableness &c. adj; judgment;
solidity, depth, profundity, caliber; enlarged views; reach of thought,
compass of thought; enlargement of mind.
genius, inspiration, geist[Ger], fire of genius, heaven-born genius,
soul; talent &c. (aptitude) 698.
[Wisdom in action] prudence &c. 864; vigilance &c. 459; tact &c 698;
foresight &c 510; sobriety, self-possession, aplomb, ballast.
a bright thought, not a bad idea.
Solomon-like wisdom.
V. be -intelligent &c. adj.; have all one's wits about one; understand
&c. (intelligible) 518; catch an idea, take in an idea; take a joke, take
a hint.
see through, see at a glance, see with half an eye, see far into, see
through a millstone; penetrate; discern &c (descry) 441; foresee &c 510.
discriminate &c. 465; know what's what &c. 698; listen to reason.
Adj. intelligent[Applied to persons], quick of apprehension, keen,
acute, alive, brainy, awake, bright, quick, sharp; quick witted, keen
witted, clear witted, sharp- eyed, sharp sighted, sharp witted; wide-awake;
canny, shrewd, astute; clear-headed; farsighted &c 510; discerning,
perspicacious, penetrating, piercing; argute[obs3]; quick-witted, nimble-
witted, needle-witted; sharp as a needle, sharp as a tack; alive to &c
(cognizant) 490; clever &c. (apt) 698; arch &c (cunning) 702; pas si
bete[Fr]; acute &c 682.
wise, sage, sapient, sagacious, reasonable, rational, sound, in one's
right mind, sensible, abnormis sapiens[Lat], judicious, strong-minded.
unprejudiced, unbiased, unbigoted[obs3], unprepossessed[obs3];
undazzled[obs3], unperplexed[obs3]; unwarped judgment[obs3], impartial,
equitable, fair.
cool; cool-headed, long-headed, hardheaded, strong-headed; long-
sighted, calculating, thoughtful, reflecting; solid, deep, profound.
oracular; heaven-directed, heaven-born.
prudent &c (cautious) 864; sober, stand, solid; considerate, politic,
wise in one's generation; watchful &c. 459; provident &c (prepared) 673; in
advance of one' age; wise as a serpent, wise as Solomon, wise as Solon.
[Applied to actions] wise, sensible, reasonable, judicious; well-
thought-out, well-planned, well-judged, well-advised; prudent, politic;
expedient &c. 646.
Phr. aut regem aut fatuum nasci oportet[Lat]; "but with the morning
cool reflection came" [Scott]; flosculi sententiarum[Lat]; les affaires
font les hommes[Fr]; mas vale saber que haber[Sp]; mas vale ser necio que
profiadol nemo solus sapit [Lat][Plautus]; nosce te[Lat]; seauton/gr>[Grk]; nullum magnum ingenium sine mixtura dementiae fuit
[Lat][Seneca, from Aristotle]; sapere aude [Lat][Horace]; victrix fortunae
sapientia [Lat][Juvenal].

#499. Imbecility. Folly -- N. want of -intelligence &c. 498, want of -
intellect &c. 450; shadowness[obs3], silliness, foolishness &c. adj.;
imbecility, incapacity, vacancy of mind, poverty of intellect, weakness of
intellect, clouded perception, poor head, apartments to let; stupidity,
stolidity; hebetude[obs3], dull understanding, meanest capacity,
shortsightedness; incompetence &c (unskillfulness) 699.
one's weak side, not one's strong point; bias &c 481; infatuation &c.
(insanity) 503.
simplicity, puerility, babyhood; dotage, anility[obs3], second
childishness, fatuity; idiocy, idiotism[obs3]; driveling.
folly, frivolity, irrationality, trifling, ineptitude, nugacity[obs3],
inconsistency, lip wisdom, conceit; sophistry &c. 477; giddiness &c
(inattention) 458; eccentricity &c. 503; extravagance &c (absurdity) 497;
rashness &c. 863.
act of folly &c. 699.
b. be - imbecile &c adj.; have no -brains, have no sense &c. 498.
trifle, drivel, radoter[obs3], dote; ramble &c (madness) 503; play the
fool, play the monkey, monkey around, fool around; take leave of one's
senses (insanity) 503; not see an inch beyond one's nose; stultify oneself
&c. 699; talk nonsense &c. 497.
Adj. unintelligent[Applied to persons], unintellectual, unreasoning;
mindless, witless, reasoningless[obs3], brainless; halfbaked; having no
head &c. 498; not -bright &c. 498; inapprehensible[obs3].
weak headed, addle headed, puzzle headed, blunder headed, muddle
headed, muddy headed, pig headed, beetle headed, buffle headed[obs3],
chuckle headed, mutton headed, maggoty headed, grossheaded[obs3]; beef
headed, fat witted, fat-headed.
weak-minded, feeble-minded; dull minded, shallow minded, lack-brained;
rattle-brained, rattle headed; half witted, lean witted, short witted, dull
witted, blunt-witted, shallow-pated[obs3], clod-pated[obs3], addle-
pated[obs3]; dim-sighted, short-sighted; thick-skulled; weak in the upper
shallow, borne, weak, wanting, soft, sappy, spoony; dull, dull as a
beetle; stupid, heavy, insulse[obs3], obtuse, blunt, stolid, doltish;
asinine; inapt &c. 699; prosaic &c. 843; hebetudinous[obs3].
childish, child-like; infantine[obs3], infantile, babyish,
babish[obs3]; puerile, anile; simple &c. (credulous) 486; old-womanish.
fatuous, idiotic, imbecile, driveling; blatant, babbling; vacant;
sottish; bewildered &c.475.
blockish[obs3], unteachable Boeotian, Boeotic; bovine; ungifted,
undiscerning[obs3], unenlightened, unwise, unphilosophical[obs3]; apish;
foolish, silly, senseless, irrational, insensate, nonsensical, inept;
narrow-minded &c. 481; bigoted &c. (obstinate) 606; giddy &c.
(thoughtless) 458; rash &c. 863; eccentric &c. (crazed) 503.
[Applied to actions] foolish, unwise, injudicious, improper,
unreasonable, without reason, ridiculous, absurd, idiotic, silly, stupid,
asinine; ill-imagined, ill-advised, ill-judged, ill-devised; mal
entendu[Fr]; inconsistent, irrational, unphilosophical[obs3]; extravagant
&c (nonsensical) 497; sleeveless, idle; pointless, useless &c. 645;
inexpedient &c. 647; frivolous &c. (trivial) 643.
Phr. Davus sum non [Lat][Oedipus]; "a fool's bolt is soon shot"
clitellae bovi sunt impositae [obs3][Henry V.][Lat][Cicero]; "fools rush
in where angels fear to tread" [Pope]; il n' a ni bouche ni eperon [Fr];
"the bookful blockhead, ignorantly read" [Pope]; "to varnish nonsense with
the charms of sound" [Churchill].

<-- p. 148 -->

#500. Sage -- N. sage, wise man; genius; master mind, master spirit of
the age; longhead[obs3], thinker; intellectual, longhair.
authority, oracle, luminary, shining light, esprit fort, magnus
Apollo[Lat][obs3], Solon, Solomon, Nestor, Magi, "second Daniel."
man of learning &c. 492; expert &c. 700; wizard &c. 994.
[Ironically] wiseacre, bigwig, know-it-all; poor man's Einstein.
Adj. venerable, reverenced, emeritus.
Phr. barba tenus sapientes[Lat].

#501. Fool. -- N. fool, idiot, tomfool, wiseacre, simpleton,
witling[obs3], dizzard[obs3], donkey, ass; ninny, ninnyhammer[obs3];
chowderhead[obs3], chucklehead[obs3]; dolt, booby, Tom Noddy, looby[obs3],
hoddy-doddy[obs3], noddy, nonny, noodle, nizy[obs3], owl; goose,
goosecap[obs3]; imbecile; gaby[obs3]; radoteur[obs3], nincompoop,
badaud[obs3], zany; trifler, babbler; pretty fellow; natural, niais[obs3].
child, baby, infant, innocent, milksop, sop.
oaf, lout, loon, lown[obs3], dullard, doodle, calf, colt, buzzard,
block, put, stick, stock, numps[obs3], tony.
bull head, dunderhead, addlehead[obs3], blockhead, dullhead[obs3],
loggerhead, jolthead[obs3], jolterhead[obs3], beetlehead[obs3],
beetlebrain, grosshead[obs3], muttonhead, noodlehead, giddyhead[obs3];
numbskull, thickskull[obs3]; lackbrain[obs3], shallowbrain[obs3]; dimwit,
halfwit, lackwit[obs3]; dunderpate[obs3]; lunkhead
sawney[obs3][U.S.], gowk[obs3]; clod, clod-hopper; clod-poll, clot-
poll, clot-pate; bull calf; gawk, Gothamite, lummox, rube [U.S.]; men of
Boeotia, wise men of Gotham.
un sot a triple etage[Fr], sot; jobbernowl[obs3], changeling,
mooncalf, gobemouche[obs3].
dotard, driveler; old fogey, old woman, crock; crone, grandmother;
cotquean[obs3], henhussy[obs3].
incompetent (insanity) 503.
greenhorn &c (dupe) 547; dunce &c (ignoramus) 493; lubber &c (bungler)
701; madman &c 504.
one who will not set the Thames on fire; one who did not invent
gunpowder, qui n'a pas invente' la poudre [Fr]; no conjuror.
Phr. fortuna favet fatuis[Lat]; les fous font les festinas et les
sages les mangent [Fr]; nomina stultorum parietibus harrent [Lat];
stultorum plena sunt omnia [Lat][Cicero].

#502. Sanity. -- N. sanity; soundness &c. adj.; rationality, sobriety,
lucidity, lucid interval; senses, sober senses, right mind, sound mind,
mens sana[Lat].
V. be sane &c. adj.; retain one's senses, retain one's reason.
become sane &c. adj.; come to one's senses, sober down.
render sane &c. adj; bring to one's senses, sober.
Adj. sane, rational, reasonable, compos mentis, of sound mind; sound,
sound-minded; lucid.
self-possessed; sober, sober-minded.
in one's sober senses, in one's right mind; in possession of one's
Adv. sanely &c.adj.

<-- p. 149 -->

#503. Insanity. -- N. disordered reason, disordered intellect;
diseased mind, unsound mind, abnormal mind; derangement, unsoundness;
psychosis; neurosis; cognitive disorder; affective disorder[obs3].
insanity, lunacy; madness &c. adj.; mania, rabies, furor, mental
alienation, aberration; paranoia, schizophrenia; dementation[obs3],
dementia, demency[obs3]; phrenitis[obs3], phrensy[obs3], frenzy, raving,
incoherence, wandering, delirium, calenture of the brain[obs3]; delusion,
hallucination; lycanthropy[obs3]; brain storm|!.
vertigo, dizziness, swimming; sunstroke, coup de soleil[Fr],
fanaticism, infatuation, craze; oddity, eccentricity, twist, monomania
(caprice) 608; kleptodipsomania[obs3]; hypochondriasis &c. (low spirits)
837[Med]; melancholia, depression, clinical depression, severe depression;
hysteria; amentia[obs3].
screw loose, tile loose, slate loose; bee in one's bonnet, rats in the
upper story.
dotage &c. (imbecility) 499.
V. be insane &c. adj.
become insane &c. adj; lose one's senses, lose one's reason, lose
one's faculties, lose one's wits; go mad, run mad, lose one's marbles
[coll.], go crazy, go bonkers [coll.], flip one's wig [coll.], flip one's
lid[coll.], flip out[coll.], flip one's bush [coll.].
rave, dote, ramble, wander; drivel &c. (be imbecile) 499; have a screw
loose &c. n., have a devil; avoir le diable au corps[Fr]; lose one's head
&c. (be uncertain) 475.
render mad, drive mad &c adj.; madden, dementate[obs3], addle the
wits, addle the brain, derange the head, infatuate, befool[obs3]; turn the
brain, turn one's head; drive one nuts [coll.].
Adj. insane, mad, lunatic, loony[coll.]; crazy, crazed, aliene[obs3],
non compos mentis; not right, cracked, touched; bereft of reason; all
possessed, unhinged, unsettled in one's mind; insensate, reasonless, beside
oneself, demented, daft; phrenzied[obs3], frenzied, frenetic; possessed,
possessed with a devil; deranged, maddened, moonstruck; shatterpated[obs3];
mad-brained, scatter brained, shatter brained, crackbrained; touched,
tetched [dialect]; off one's head.
[behavior suggesting insanity] maniacal; delirious, lightheaded,
incoherent, rambling, doting, wandering; frantic, raving, stark staring
mad, stark raving mad, wild-eyed, berserk; delusional, hallucinatory.
[behavior somewhat resembling insanity] corybantic[obs3], dithyrambic;
rabid, giddy, vertiginous, wild; haggard, mazed; flighty; distracted,
distraught; depressed; agitated, hyped up; bewildered &c. (uncertain) 475.
mad as a March hare, mad as a hatter; of unsound mind &c. n.; touched
in one's head, wrong in one's head, not right in one's head, not in one's
right mind, not right in one's wits, upper story; out of one's mind, out of
one's wits, out of one's skull [coll.], far gone, out of one's senses, out
of one's wits; not in one's right mind.
fanatical, infatuated, odd, eccentric; hypped[obs3], hyppish[obs3];
spaced out [coll.].
imbecile, silly, &c. 499.
Adv. like one possessed.
Phr. the mind having lost its balance; the reason under a cloud; tet
exaltee[French], tet montee[French]; ira furor brevis est[Latin]; omnes
stultos insanire [Latin][Horace].

#504. Madman. -- N. madman, lunatic, maniac, bedlamite[obs3],
candidate for Bedlam, raver[obs3], madcap, crazy; energumen[obs3];
automaniac[obs3], monomaniac, dipsomaniac, kleptomaniac; hypochondriac &c.
(low spirits); crank, Tom o'Bedlam.
dreamer &c. 515; rhapsodist, seer, highflier[obs3], enthusiast,
fanatic, fanatico[Sp]; exalte[French]; knight errant, Don Quixote.
idiot &c. 501.

<-- p. 150 -->

1. To the Past

#505. Memory.-- N. memory, remembrance; retention, retentiveness;
tenacity; veteris vestigia flammae[Lat]; tablets of the memory; readiness.
reminiscence, recognition, recollection, rememoration[obs3];
recurrence, flashback; retrospect, retrospection.
afterthought, post script, PS.
suggestion &c. (information) 527; prompting &c. v.; hint, reminder;
remembrancer[obs3], flapper; memorial &c. (record) 551; commemoration &c.
(celebration) 883.
[written reminder] note, memo, memorandum;
things to be remembered, token of remembrance, memento, souvenir,
keepsake, relic, memorabilia.
art of memory, artificial memory; memoria technica[Lat]; mnemonics,
mnemotechnics[obs3]; phrenotypics[obs3]; Mnemosyne.
prompt-book; crib sheet, cheat sheet.
retentive memory, tenacious memory, photographic memory, green
memory|!, trustworthy memory, capacious memory, faithful memory, correct
memory, exact memory, ready memory, prompt memory, accurate recollection;
perfect memory, total recall.
celebrity, fame, renown, reputation &c. (repute) 873.
V. remember, mind; retain the memory of, retain the remembrance of;
keep in view.
recognize, recollect, bethink oneself, recall, call up, retrace; look
back, trace back, trace backwards; think back, look back upon; review; call
upon, recall upon, bring to mind, bring to remembrance; carry one's
thoughts back; rake up the past.
have in the thoughts, hold in the thoughts, bear in the thoughts,
carry in the thoughts, keep in the thoughts, retain in the thoughts, have
in the memory, hold in the memory, bear in the memory, carry in the memory,
keep in the memory, retain in the memory, have in the mind, hold in the
mind, bear in the mind, carry in the mind, keep in the mind, retain in the
mind, hold in remembrance; be in one's thoughts, live in one's thoughts,
remain in one's thoughts, dwell in one's thoughts, haunt one's thoughts,
impress one's thoughts, be in one's mind, live in one's mind, remain in
one's mind, dwell in one's mind, haunt one's mind, impress one's mind,
dwell in one's memory.
sink in the mind; run in the head; not be able to get out of one's
head; be deeply impressed with; rankle &c. (revenge) 919.
recur to the mind; flash on the mind, flash across the memory.
[cause to remember] remind; suggest &c. (inform ) 527; prompt; put in
mind, keep in mind, bring to mind; fan the embers; call up, summon up, rip
up; renew; infandum renovare dolorem [Lat]; jog the memory, flap the
memory, refresh the memory, rub up the memory, awaken the memory; pull by
the sleeve; bring back to the memory, put in remembrance, memorialize.
task the memory, tax the memory.
get at one's fingers' ends, have at one's fingers', learn at one's
fingers', know one's lesson, say one's lesson, repeat by heart, repeat by
rote; say one's lesson; repeat, repeat as a parrot; have at one's fingers'
[transitive] commit to memory, memorize; con over, con; fix in the
memory, rivet in the memory, imprint in the memory, impress in the memory,
stamp in the memory, grave in the memory, engrave in the memory, store in
the memory, treasure up in the memory, bottle up in the memory, embalm in
the memory, enshrine in the memory; load the memory with, store the memory
with, stuff the memory with, burden the memory with.
redeem from oblivion; keep the memory alive, keep the wound green,
pour salt in the wound, reopen old wounds'; tangere ulcus[obs3][Lat]; keep
up the memory of; commemorate &c. (celebrate) 883.
make a note of, jot a note, pen a memorandum &c. (record) 551.
Adj. remembering, remembered &c. v.; mindful, reminiscential[obs3];
retained in the memory &c. v.; pent up in one's memory; fresh; green, green
in remembrance; unforgotten, present to the mind; within one's memory &c.
n.; indelible; uppermost in one's thoughts; memorable &c. (important) 642.
Adv. by heart, by rote; without book, memoriter[obs3].
in memory of; in memoriam; memoria in aeterna[Lat]; suggestive.
Phr. manet alta mente repostum [Lat][Vergil]; forsan et haec olim
meminisse juvabit [Lat][Vergil]; absens haeres non erit [Lat]; beatae
memoriae [Lat]; "briefly thyself remember" [Lear]; mendacem memorem esse
oportet [Lat][Quintilian]; "memory the warder of the brain" [Macbeth];
parsque est meminisse doloris [Lat][Ovid]; "to live in hearts we leave
behind is not to die" [Campbell]; vox audita peril littera scripta manet
[Lat]; out of sight, out of mind.

#506. Oblivion.-- N. oblivion, obliviousness, lethe; forgetfulness &c.
adj.; amnesia; obliteration &c. 552 of, insensibility &c. 823 to the past.
short memory, treacherous memory, poor memory, loose memory, slippery
memory, failing memory; decay of memory, failure of memory, lapse of
memory; waters of Lethe, waters of oblivion.
amnesty, general pardon.
[deliberate or unconscious forgetting] repressed memory.
V. forget; be forgetful &c. adj.; fall into oblivion, sink into
oblivion; have a short memory &c. n., have no head.
forget one's own name, have on the tip of one's tongue, come in one
ear and go out the other.
slip memory, escape memory, fade from memory, die away from the
memory; lose, lose sight of.
fail to recall, not be able to recall.
[cause oneself to forget: transitive] unlearn; efface &c. 552,
discharge from the memory; consign to oblivion, consign to the tomb of the
Capulets; think no more of &c. (turn the attention from) 458; cast behind
one's back, wean one's thoughts from; let bygones be bygones &c.(forgive)
Adj. forgotten &c. v.; unremembered, past recollection, bygone, out of
mind; buried in oblivion, sunk in oblivion; clean forgotten; gone out of
one's head, gone out of one's recollection.
forgetful, oblivious, mindless, Lethean; insensible &c. 823 to the
past; heedless.
Phr. non mi ricordo[It]; the memory failing, the memory deserting one,
being at (or in) fault.

<-- p. 151 -->

#507. Expectation. -- N. expectation, expectance, expectancy;
anticipation, reckoning, calculation; foresight &c. 510.
contemplation, prospection[obs3], lookout; prospect, perspective,
horizon, vista; destiny &c. 152.
suspense, waiting, abeyance; curiosity &c. 455; anxious expectation,
ardent expectation, eager expectation, breathless expectation, sanguine
expectation; torment of Tantalus.
hope &c. 858; trust &c. (belief) 484; auspices &c. (prediction) 511;
assurance, confidence, presumption, reliance.
V. expect; look for, look out for, look forward to; hope for;
anticipate; have in prospect, have in contemplation; keep in view;
contemplate, promise oneself; not wonder &c. 870 at, not wonder if.
wait for, tarry for, lie in wait for, watch for, bargain for; keep a
good lookout for, keep a sharp lookout for; await; stand at "attention,"
abide, bide one's time, watch.
foresee &c. 510; prepare for &c. 673; forestall &c. (be early) 132;
count upon &c. (believe in) 484; think likely &c. (probability) 472.
lead one to expect &c. (predict) 511; have in store for &c. (destiny)
prick up one's ears, hold one's breath.
Adj. expectant; expecting &c. v.; in expectation &c. n.; on the watch
&c. (vigilant) 459; open-eyed, open-mouthed, in wide-eyed anticipation;
agape, gaping, all agog; on tenterhooks, on tiptoe, on the tiptoe of
expectation; aux aguets[obs3]; ready; curious &c. 455; looking forward to.
expected &c. v.; long expected, foreseen; in prospect &c. n.;
prospective; in one's eye, in one's view, in the horizon, on the horizon,
just over the horizon, just around the corner, around the corner; impending
&c. (destiny) 152.
Adv. on the watch &c. adj.; with breathless expectation &c. n.; with
bated breath, with rapt anticipation; arrectis auribus[Lat].
Phr. we shall see; nous verrons[Fr]; "expectation whirls me round"
[Troilus and Cressida]; the light at the end of the tunnel.

#508. Inexpectation. -- N. inexpectation[obs3], non-expectation; false
expectation &c. (disappointment) 509; miscalculation &c. 481.
surprise, sudden burst, thunderclap, blow, shock, start; bolt out of
the blue; wonder &c. 870; eye opener.
unpleasant surprise, pleasant surprise.
V. not expect &c. 507; be taken by surprise; start; miscalculate &c.
481; not bargain for; come upon, fall upon.
be unexpected &c. adj.; come unawares &c. adv.; turn up, pop, drop
from the clouds; come upon one, burst upon one, flash upon one, bounce upon
one, steal upon one, creep upon one; come like a thunder clap, burst like a
thunderclap, thunder bolt; take by surprise, catch by surprise, catch
unawares, catch napping; yach [obs3][S. Africa].
pounce upon, spring a mine upon.
surprise, startle, take aback, electrify, stun, stagger, take away
one's breath, throw off one's guard; astonish, dumbfound &c. (strike with
wonder) 870.
Adj. nonexpectant[obs3]; surprised &c. v.; unwarned, unaware; off
one's guard; inattentive 458.
unexpected, unanticipated, unpredicted[obs3], unlooked for,
unforeseen, unhoped for; dropped from the clouds; beyond expectation,
contrary to expectation, against expectation, against all expectation; out
of one's reckoning; unheard of &c. (exceptional) 83; startling, surprising;
sudden &c. (instantaneous) 113.
unpredictable, unforeseeable (unknowable) 519.
Adv. abruptly, unexpectedly, surprisingly; plump, pop, a
l'improviste[Fr], unawares; without notice, without warning, without a "by
your leave"; like a thief in the night, like a thunderbolt; in an unguarded
moment; suddenly &c. (instantaneously) 113.
Int. heydey[obs3]! &c. (wonder) 870.
Phr. little did one think, little did one expect; nobody would ever
suppose, nobody would ever think, nobody would ever expect; who would have
thought? it beats the Dutch|!.

#509. [Failure of expectation.] Disappointment.-- N. disappointment;
blighted hope, balk; blow; anticlimax; slip 'twixt cup and lip;
nonfulfillment of one's hopes; sad disappointment, bitter disappointment;
trick of fortune; afterclap; false expectation, vain expectation;
miscalculation &c. 481; fool's paradise; much cry and little wool.
V. be disappointed; look blank, look blue; look aghast, stand aghast
&c. (wonder) 870; find to one's cost; laugh on the wrong side of one's
mouth; find one a false prophet.
not realize one's hope, not realize one's expectation.
[cause to be disappointed] disappoint; frustrate, discomfit, crush,
defeat (failure) 732; crush one's hope, dash one's hope, balk one's hope,
disappoint one's hope, blight one's hope, falsify one's hope, defeat one's
hope, discourage; balk, jilt, bilk; play one false, play a trick; dash the
cup from the lips, tantalize; dumfound, dumbfound, dumbfounder, dumfounder
(astonish) 870.
Adj. disappointed &c. v.; disconcerted, aghast; disgruntled; out of
one's reckoning.
Phr. the mountain labored and brought forth a mouse; parturiunt
montes[Lat]; nascitur ridiculus mus [Lat][Horace]; diis aliter
visum[Lat][obs3], the bubble burst; one's countenance falling.

<-- p. 152 -->

#510. Foresight. -- N. foresight, prospicience[obs3], prevision, long-
sightedness; anticipation; providence &c. (preparation) 673.
forethought, forecast; predeliberation[obs3], presurmise[obs3];
foregone conclusion &c. (prejudgment) 481; prudence &c. (caution) 864.
foreknowledge; prognosis; precognition, prescience, prenotion[obs3],
presentiment; second sight; sagacity &c. (intelligence) 498;
antepast[obs3], prelibation[obs3], prophasis[obs3].
prospect &c. (expectation) 507; foretaste; prospectus &c. (plan) 626.
V. foresee; look forwards to, look ahead, look beyond; scent from
afar; look into the future, pry into the future, peer into the future.
see one's way; see how the land lies, get the lay of the land, see how
the wind blows, test the waters, see how the cat jumps.
anticipate; expect &c. 507; be beforehand &c. (early) 132; predict &c.
511; foreknow, forejudge, forecast; presurmise[obs3]; have an eye to the
future, have an eye to the main chance; respicere finem[Lat]; keep a sharp
lookout &c. (vigilance) 459; forewarn &c. 668.
Adj. foreseeing &c. v.; prescient; farseeing, farsighted; sagacious
&c. (intelligent) 498; weatherwise[obs3]; provident &c. (prepared) 673;
prospective &c. 507.
Adv. against the time when.
Phr. cernit omnia Deus vindex[Lat]; mihi cura futuri[Lat]; run it up
the flagpole and see who salutes.

#511. Prediction.-- N. prediction, announcement; program, programme
&c. (plan) 626[Brit]; premonition &c. (warning) 668; prognosis, prophecy,
vaticination, mantology[obs3], prognostication, premonstration|; augury,
auguration|; ariolation|, hariolation|; foreboding, aboding[obs3];
bodement[obs3], abodement[obs3]; omniation|, omniousness[obs3]; auspices,
forecast; omen &c. 512; horoscope, nativity; sooth[obs3], soothsaying;
fortune telling, crystal gazing; divination; necromancy &c. 992.
[Divination by the stars] astrology[obs3], horoscopy[obs3], judicial
[obs3] adytum[Place of prediction].
prefiguration[obs3], prefigurement; prototype, type.
[person who predicts] oracle &c. 513.
V. predict, prognosticate, prophesy, vaticinate, divine, foretell,
soothsay, augurate[obs3], tell fortunes; cast a horoscope, cast a nativity;
advise; forewarn &c. 668.
presage, augur, bode; abode, forebode; foretoken, betoken; prefigure,
preshow[obs3]; portend; foreshow[obs3], foreshadow; shadow forth, typify,
pretypify[obs3], ominate[obs3], signify, point to.
usher in, herald, premise, announce; lower.
hold out expectation, raise expectation, excite expectation, excite
hope; bid fair, promise, lead one to expect; be the precursor &c 64.
[predict by mathematical or statistical means from past experience]
extrapolate, project.
Adj. predicting &cv.; predictive, prophetic; fatidic[obs3],
fatidical[obs3]; vaticinal, oracular, fatiloquent[obs3], haruspical,
Sibylline; weatherwise[obs3].
ominous, portentous, augurous[obs3], augurial, augural;
auspicial[obs3], auspicious; prescious[obs3], monitory, extispicious[obs3],
premonitory, significant of, pregnant with, bit with the fate of.
Phr. "coming events cast their shadows before" [Campbell]; dicamus
bona verba[Lat]; "there buds the promise of celestial worth" [Young].

[1] The following terms, expressive of different forms of divination,
have been collected from various sources, and are here given as a curious
illustration of bygone superstitions:-
Divination by oracles, Theomancy[obs3]; by the Bible, Bibliomancy; by
ghosts, Psychomancy[obs3]; by crystal gazing, Crystallomancy[obs3]; by
shadows or manes, Sciomancy; by appearances in the air, Aeromancy[obs3],
Chaomancy[obs3]; by the stars at birth, Genethliacs; by meteors,
Meteoromancy[obs3]; by winds, Austromancy[obs3]; by sacrificial
appearances, Aruspicy (or Haruspicy)[obs3], Hieromancy[obs3],
Hieroscopy[obs3]; by the entrails of animals sacrificed, Extispicy[obs3],
Hieromancy[obs3]; by the entrails of a human sacrifice,
Anthropomancy[obs3]; by the entrails of fishes, Ichthyomancy[obs3]; by
sacrificial fire, Pyromancy[obs3]; by red-hot iron, Sideromancy[obs3]; by
smoke from the altar, Capnomancy[obs3]; by mice, Myomancy[obs3]; by birds,
Orniscopy[obs3], Ornithomancy[obs3]; by a cock picking up grains,
Alectryomancy (or Alectromancy)[obs3]; by fishes, Ophiomancy[obs3]; by
herbs, Botanomancy[obs3]; by water, Hydromancy[obs3]; by fountains,
Pegomancy[obs3]; by a wand, Rhabdomancy; by dough of cakes,
Crithomancy[obs3]; by meal, Aleuromancy[obs3], Alphitomancy[obs3]; by salt,
Halomancy[obs3]; by dice, Cleromancy[obs3]; by arrows, Belomancy[obs3]; by
a balanced hatchet, Axinomancy[obs3]; by a balanced sieve,
Coscinomancy[obs3]; by a suspended ring, Dactyliomancy[obs3]; by dots made
at random on paper, Geomancy[obs3]; by precious stones, Lithomancy[obs3];
by pebbles, Pessomancy[obs3]; by pebbles drawn from a heap,
Psephomancy[obs3]; by mirrors, Catoptromancy[obs3]; by writings in ashes,
Tephramancy[obs3]; by dreams, Oneiromancy[obs3]; by the hand, Palmistry,
Chiromancy; by nails reflecting the sun's rays, Onychomancy[obs3]; by
finger rings, Dactylomancy[obs3]; by numbers, Arithmancy[obs3]; by drawing
lots, Sortilege[obs3]; by passages in books, Stichomancy[obs3]; by the
letters forming the name of the person, Onomancy[obs3], Nomancy; by the
features, Anthroposcopy[obs3]; by the mode of laughing, Geloscopy[obs3]; by
ventriloquism, Gastromancy[obs3]; by walking in a circle, Gyromancy[obs3];
by dropping melted wax into water, Ceromancy[obs3]; by currents, Bletonism;
by the color and peculiarities of wine, Oenomancy[obs3].

<-- p. 153 -->

#512. Omen.-- N. omen, portent, presage, prognostic, augury, auspice;
sign &c. (indication) 550; harbinger &c. (precursor) 64; yule candle|!.
bird of ill omen; signs of the times; gathering clouds; warning &c.
prefigurement &c. 511.
Adj. ill-boding.
Phr. auspicium melioris aevi[Lat][obs3].

#513. Oracle.-- N. oracle; prophet, prophesier, seer, soothsayer,
augur, fortune teller, crystal gazer[obs3], witch, geomancer[obs3],
aruspex[obs3]; aruspice[obs3], haruspice[obs3]; haruspex; astrologer, star
gazer[obs3]; Sibyl; Python, Pythoness[obs3]; Pythia; Pythian oracle,
Delphian oracle; Monitor, Sphinx, Tiresias, Cassandra[obs3], Sibylline
leaves; Zadkiel, Old Moore; sorcerer &c. 994; interpreter &c. 524.
[person who predicts by non-mystical (natural) means] predictor,
prognosticator, forecaster; weather forecaster, weatherman.
Phr. a prophet is without honor in his own country; "you don't need a
weatherman to know which way the wind blows" [Bob Dylan].


#514. Supposition.-- N. supposition, assumption, assumed position,
postulation, condition, presupposition, hypothesis, blue sky hypothesis,
postulate, postulatum[Lat], theory; thesis, theorem; data; proposition,
position; proposal &c. (plan) 626; presumption &c. (belief) 484;
conjecture; guess, guesswork, speculation; rough guess, shot, shot in
the dark [coll.]; conjecturality[obs3]; surmise, suspicion, sneaking
suspicion; estimate, approximation (nearness) 197.
inkling, suggestion, hint, intimation, notion, impression; bare
supposition, vague supposition, loose supposition, loose suggestion.
association of ideas, (analogy) 514a; metonym[Gram], metonymy[Gram],
simile (metaphor) 521.
conceit, idea, thought; original idea, invention (imagination) 515.
V. suppose, conjecture, surmise, suspect, guess, divine; theorize;
presume, presurmise[obs3], presuppose; assume, fancy, wis[obs3], take it;
give a guess, speculate, believe, dare say, take it into one's head, take
for granted; imagine &c. 515.
put forth; propound, propose; start, put a case, submit, move, make a
motion; hazard out, throw out a suggestion, put forward a suggestion, put
forward conjecture.
allude to, suggest, hint, put it into one's head.
suggest itself &c. (thought) 451; run in the head &c. (memory) 505;
marvel if, wonder if, wonder whether.
Adj. supposing &c. v.; given, mooted, postulatory[obs3]; assumed &c.
v.; supposititious, suppositive[obs3], suppositious; gratuitous,
speculative, conjectural, hypothetical, theoretical, academic, supposable,
presumptive, putative; suppositional.
suggestive, allusive.
Adv. if, if so be; an; on the supposition &c. n.;ex hypothesi[Lat]; in
the case, in the event of; quasi, as if, provided; perhaps &c. (by
possibility) 470; for aught one knows.

<-- p. 154 -->
<-- under creative thought we should include a separate section on analogy,
metaphor, association etc. distinct from 521?? -->
#514a. Analogy -- N. analogy, association, association of ideas.
metaphor &c. 521.
analogical thinking; free association; train of thought.
Adj. analogical.

#515. Imagination. -- N. imagination; originality; invention; fancy;
inspiration; verve.
warm imagination, heated imagination, excited imagination, sanguine
imagination, ardent imagination, fiery imagination, boiling imagination,
wild imagination, bold imagination, daring imagination, playful
imagination, lively imagination, fertile imagination, fancy.
"mind's eye"; "such stuff as dreams are made of" [Tempest].
ideality, idealism; romanticism, utopianism, castle-building.
dreaming; phrensy[obs3], frenzy; ecstasy, extasy[obs3]; calenture &c.
(delirium) 503[obs3]; reverie, trance; day dream, golden dream;
conception, Vorstellung[Ger], excogitation[obs3], "a fine frenzy";
cloudland[obs3], dreamland; flight of fancy, fumes of fancy; "thick coming
fancies" [Macbeth]; creation of the brain, coinage of the brain; imagery.
conceit, maggot, figment, myth, dream, vision, shadow, chimera;
phantasm, phantasy; fantasy, fancy; whim, whimsey[obs3], whimsy; vagary,
rhapsody, romance, gest[obs3], geste[obs3], extravaganza; air drawn dagger,
bugbear, nightmare.
flying Dutchman, great sea serpent, man in the moon, castle in the
air, pipe dream, pie-in-the-sky, chateau en Espagne[Fr]; Utopia,
Atlantis[obs3], happy valley, millennium, fairyland; land of Prester John,
kingdom of Micomicon; work of fiction &c. (novel) 594; Arabian
nights[obs3]; le pot au lait[Fr]; dream of Alnashar &c. (hope) 858[obs3].
illusion &c. (error) 495; phantom &c. (fallacy of vision) 443; Fata
Morgana &c. (ignis fatuus) 423[Lat]; vapor &c. (cloud) 353; stretch of the
imagination &c. (exaggeration) 549; mythogenesis[obs3].
idealist, romanticist, visionary; mopus[obs3]; romancer, dreamer;
somnambulist; rhapsodist &c. (fanatic) 504; castle-buildier, fanciful
V. imagine, fancy, conceive; idealize, realize; dream, dream of, dream
up; "give to airy nothing a local habitation and a name" [Midsummer Night's
create, originate, devise, invent, coin, fabricate; improvise, strike
out something new.
set one's wits to work; strain one's invention, crack one's invention;
rack one's brains, ransack one's brains, cudgel one's brains;
excogitate[obs3]; brainstorm.
give play, give the reins, give a loose to the imagination, give
fancy; indulge in reverie.
visualize, envision, conjure up a vision; fancy oneself, represent
oneself, picture, picture-oneself, figure to oneself; vorstellen[Ger].
float in the mind; suggest itself &c. (thought) 451.
Adj. imagined &c. v.; ben trovato[It]; air drawn, airbuilt[obs3].
imagining &cv. v, imaginative; original, inventive, creative, fertile.
romantic, high flown, flighty, extravagant, fanatic, enthusiastic,
unrealistic, Utopian, Quixotic.
ideal, unreal; in the clouds, in nubibus[Lat]; unsubsantial[obs3] &c.
4; illusory &c. (fallacious) 495.
fabulous, legendary; mythical, mythic, mythological; chimerical;
imaginary, visionary; notional; fancy, fanciful, fantastic,
fantastical[obs3]; whimsical; fairy, fairy-like; gestic[obs3].
Phr. "a change came o'er the spirit of my dream" [Byron]; aegri somnia
vana[Lat][obs3]; dolphinum appingit sylvis in fluctibus aprum
[obs3][Latin][Horace]; "fancy light from fancy caught" [Tennyson];
"imagination rules the world" [Napoleon]; l'imagination gallope[Fr], le
jugement ne va que le pas[French]; musaeo contingens cuncta lepore
[Latin][Lucretius]; tous songes sont mensonges[French]; Wahrheil und



#516. [Idea to be conveyed.] Meaning. [Thing signified.] -- N.
meaning; signification, significance; sense, expression; import, purport;
force; drift, tenor, spirit, bearing, coloring; scope.
[important part of the meaning] substance; gist, essence, marrow,
spirit &c. 5.
matter; subject, subject matter; argument, text, sum and substance.
general meaning, broad meaning, substantial meaning, colloquial
meaning, literal meaning, plain meaning, simple meaning, natural meaning,
unstrained meaning, true &c. (exact) 494 meaning, honest &c. 543 meaning,
prima facie &c. (manifest) 525 meaning[Lat]; letter of the law.
literally; after acceptation.
synonym; implication, allusion &c. (latency) 526; suggestion &c.
(information) 527; figure of speech &c. 521; acceptation &c.
(interpretation) 522.
V. mean, signify, express; import, purport; convey, imply, breathe,
indicate, bespeak, bear a sense; tell of, speak of; touch on; point to,
allude to; drive at; involve &c. (latency) 526; declare &c. (affirm) 535.
understand by &c. (interpret) 522.
Adj. meaning &c. v.; expressive, suggestive, allusive; significant,
significative[obs3], significatory[obs3]; pithy; full of meaning, pregnant
with meaning.
declaratory &c. 535; intelligible &c. 518; literal; synonymous;
tantamount &c. (equivalent) 27; implied &c. (latent) 526; explicit &c. 525.
Adv. to that effect; that is to say &c. (being interpreted) 522.

<-- p. 155 -->

#517. [Absence of meaning.] Unmeaningness. -- N. meaninglessness,
unmeaningness &c. adj[obs3].; scrabble.
empty sound, dead letter, vox et praeterea nihil[Lat]; "a tale told by
an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing"; "sounding brass and
a tinkling cymbal."
nonsense, utter nonsense, gibberish; jargon, jabber, mere words,
hocus-pocus, fustian, rant, bombast, balderdash, palaver, flummery,
verbiage, babble, baverdage, baragouin[obs3], platitude, niaiserie[obs3];
inanity; flap-doodle; rigmarole, rodomontade; truism; nugae canorae[Lat];
twaddle, twattle, fudge, trash, garbage, humbug; poppy-cock [U.S.]; stuff,
stuff and nonsense; bosh, rubbish, moonshine, wish-wash, fiddle-faddle;
absurdity &c. 497; vagueness &c. (unintelligibility) 519.
[routine or reflexive statements without substantive thought, esp.
legal] boilerplate.
V. mean nothing; be unmeaning &c. adj.; twaddle, quibble, scrabble.
Adj. unmeaning; meaningless, senseless; nonsensical; void of sense &c.
inexpressive, unexpressive; vacant; not significant &c. 516;
trashy, washy, trumpery, trivial, fiddle-faddle, twaddling, quibbling.
unmeant, not expressed; tacit &c. (latent) 526.
inexpressible, undefinable, incommunicable.

#518. Intelligibility. -- N. intelligibility; clearness, explicitness
&c. adj.; lucidity, comprehensibility, perspicuity; legibility, plain
speaking &c. (manifestation) 525; precision &c. 494; synetoisy/gr>[Grk][Grk]; a word to the wise.
V. be intelligible &c. adj.; speak for itself, speak volumes; tell its
own tale, lie on the surface.
render intelligible &c. adj.; popularize, simplify, clear up;
elucidate &c. (explain) 522.
understand, comprehend, take, take in; catch, grasp, follow, collect,
master, make out; see with half an eye, see daylight, see one's way; enter
into the ideas of; come to an understanding.
Adj. intelligible; clear, clear as day, clear as noonday; lucid;
perspicuous, transpicuous[obs3]; luminous, transparent.
easily understood, easy to understand, for the million, intelligible
to the meanest capacity, popularized.
plain, distinct, explicit; positive; definite &c. (precise) 494.
graphic; expressive &c. (meaning) 516; illustrative &c. (explanatory)
unambiguous, unequivocal, unmistakable &c. (manifest) 525; unconfused;
legible, recognizable; obvious &c. 525.
Adv. in plain terms, in plain words, in plain English.
Phr. he that runs may read &c. (manifest) 525.

#519. Unintelligibility.-- N. unintelligibility; incomprehensibility,
imperspicuity[obs3]; inconceivableness, vagueness &c. adj.; obscurity;
ambiguity &c. 520; doubtful meaning; uncertainty &c. 475; perplexity &c.
(confusion) 59; spinosity[obs3]; obscurum per obscurius[Lat]; mystification
&c. (concealment) 528; latency &c. 526; transcendentalism.
paradox, oxymoron; riddle, enigma, puzzle &c. (secret) 533; diagnus
vindice nodus[Lat]; sealed book; steganography[obs3], freemasonry.
pons asinorum[Lat], asses' bridge; high Dutch, Greek, Hebrew; jargon
&c. (unmeaning) 517.
V. be unintelligible &c. adj.; require explanation &c. 522; have a
doubtful meaning, pass comprehension.
render unintelligible &c. adj.; conceal &c 528; darken &c. 421;
confuse &c. (derange) 61; perplex &c. (bewilder)
not understand &c. 518; lose, lose the clue; miss; not know what to
make of, be able to make nothing of, give it up; not be able to account
for, not be able to make either head or tail of; be at sea &c. (uncertain)
475; wonder &c. 870; see through a glass darkly &c. (ignorance) 491.
not understand one another; play at cross purposes &c. (misinterpret)
Adj. unintelligible, unaccountable, undecipherable, undiscoverable,
unknowable, unfathomable; incognizable[obs3], inexplicable, inscrutable;
inapprehensible[obs3], incomprehensible; insolvable[obs3], insoluble;
illegible, as Greek to one, unexplained, paradoxical; enigmatic,
enigmatical, puzzling (secret) 533; indecipherable.
obscure, dark, muddy, clear as mud, seen through a mist, dim,
nebulous, shrouded in mystery; opaque, dense; undiscernible &c.
(invisible) 447[obs3]; misty &c. (opaque) 426; hidden &c 528; latent &c
indefinite, garbled &c (indistinct) 447; perplexed &c. (confused) 59;
undetermined, vague, loose, ambiguous; mysterious; mystic, mystical;
acroamatic[obs3], acroamatical[obs3]; metempirical; transcendental; occult,
recondite, abstruse, crabbed.
inconceivable, inconceptible[obs3]; searchless[obs3]; above
comprehension, beyond comprehension, past comprehension; beyond one's
depth; unconceived.
inexpressible, undefinable, incommunicable.
unpredictable, unforeseeable.
Phr. it's Greek to me.
<-- p. 156 -->

#520. [Having a double sense] Equivocalness.-- N. equivocalness &c
adj.; double meaning &c. 516; ambiguity, double entente, double
entendre[Fr], pun, paragram[obs3], calembour[obs3], quibble, equivoque[Fr],
anagram; conundrum &c (riddle) 533; play on words, word play &c. (wit) 842;
homonym, homonymy[Gram]; amphiboly[obs3], amphibology[obs3];
ambilogy[obs3], ambiloquy|.
Sphinx, Delphic oracle.
equivocation &c. (duplicity) 544; white lie, mental reservation &c.
(concealment) 528; paltering.
V. be -equivocal &c. adj.; have two meanings &c. 516; equivocate &c.
(alter) 544.
Adj. equivocal, ambiguous, amphibolous[obs3], homonymous[obs3];
double-tongued &c. (lying) 544; enigmatical, indeterminate.
Phr. on the one hand, on the other hand.

#521. Metaphor.-- N. figure of speech; facon de parler [French], way
of speaking, colloquialism.
phrase &c. 566; figure, trope, metaphor, enallage[obs3],
catachresis[obs3]; metonymy[Gram], synecdoche[Semant]; autonomasia|!,
irony, figurativeness &c. adj.; image, imagery; metalepsis[obs3], type,
anagoge[obs3], simile, personification, prosopopoeia[obs3], allegory,
apologue[obs3], parable, fable; allusion, adumbration; application.
exaggeration, hyperbole &c. 549.
association, association of ideas (analogy) 514a
V. employ -metaphor &c. n.; personify, allegorize, adumbrate, shadow
forth, apply, allude to.
Adj. metaphorical, figurative, catachrestical[obs3], typical,
tralatitious[obs3], parabolic, allegorical, allusive, anagogical[obs3];
ironical; colloquial; tropical.
Adv. so to speak, so to say, so to express oneself; as it were.
Phr. mutato nomine de te fabula narratur [Lat][Horace].

#522. Interpretation. -- N. interpretation, definition; explanation,
explication; solution, answer; rationale; plain interpretation, simple
interpretation, strict interpretation; meaning &c. 516.
translation; rendering, rendition; redition[obs3]; literal
translation, free translation; key; secret; clew &c. (indication) 550;
clavis[obs3], crib, pony, trot [U.S.].
exegesis; expounding, exposition; hermeneutics; comment, commentary;
inference &c. (deduction) 480; illustration, exemplification; gloss,
annotation, scholium[obs3], note; elucidation, dilucidation|;
eclaircissement[Fr], mot d'enigme[Fr].
[methods of interpreting - list] symptomatology[Med], semiology,
semeiology[obs3], semiotics; metoposcopy[obs3], physiognomy; paleography
&c. (philology) 560; oneirology
acception[obs3], acceptation, acceptance; light, reading, lection,
construction, version.
equivalent, equivalent meaning &c. 516; synonym; paraphrase,
metaphrase[obs3]; convertible terms, apposition; dictionary &c. 562;
V. interpret, explain, define, construe, translate, render; do into,
turn into; transfuse the sense of.
find out &c. 480a the meaning &c. 516 of; read; spell out, make out;
decipher, unravel, disentangle; find the key of, enucleate, resolve, solve;
read between the lines.
account for; find the cause, tell the cause &c. 153 of;
throw light upon, shed light upon, shed new light upon, shed fresh light
upon; clear up, clarify, elucidate.
illustrate, exemplify; unfold, expound, comment upon, annotate;
popularize &c. (render intelligible) 518.
take in a particular sense, understand in a particular sense, receive
in a particular sense, accept in a particular sense; understand by, put a
construction on, be given to understand.
Adj. explanatory, expository; explicative, explicatory;
exegetical[obs3]; construable.
polyglot; literal; paraphrastic, metaphrastic[obs3];
consignificative[obs3], synonymous; equivalent &c. 27.
Adv. in explanation &c. n.; that is to say, id est, videlicet, to wit,
namely, in other words.
literally, strictly speaking; in plain, in plainer terms, in plainer
words, in plainer English; more simply.

<-- p. 157 -->

#523. Misinterpretation. -- N. misinterpretation, misapprehension,
misunderstanding, misacceptation|, misconstruction, misapplication;
catachresis[obs3]; eisegesis[obs3]; cross-reading, cross-purposes; mistake
&c. 495.
misrepresentation, perversion, exaggeration &c. 549; false coloring,
false construction; abuse of terms; parody, travesty; falsification &c.
(lying) 544.
V. misinterpret, misapprehend, misunderstand, misconceive, misspell,
mistranslate, misconstrue, misapply; mistake &c. 495.
misrepresent, pervert; explain wrongly, misstate; garble &c. (falsify)
544; distort, detort|; travesty, play upon words; stretch the sense, strain
the sense, stretch the meaning, strain the meaning, wrest the sense, wrest
the meaning; explain away; put a bad construction on, put a false
construction on; give a false coloring.
be at cross purposes, play at cross purposes.
Adj. misinterpreted &c. v.; untranslated, untranslatable.

#524. Interpreter.-- N. interpreter; expositor, expounder, exponent,
explainer; demonstrator.
scholiast, commentator, annotator; metaphrast[obs3], paraphrast[obs3];
glossarist[obs3], prolocutor.
spokesman, speaker, mouthpiece.
dragoman, courier, valet de place, cicerone, showman;
oneirocritic[obs3]; (Edipus; oracle &c. 513)


#525. Manifestation.-- N. {ant. 526} manifestation; plainness &c.
adj.; plain speaking; expression; showing &c. v.; exposition,
demonstration; exhibition, production; display, show; showing off;
premonstration|. exhibit[Thing shown].
indication &c. (calling attention to) 457. publicity &c. 531;
disclosure &c. 529; openness &c. (honesty) 543, (artlessness) 703;
evidence &c. 467.
V. make manifest, render manifest &c. adj.; bring forth, bring
forward, bring to the front, bring into view; give notice; express;
represent, set forth, exhibit; show, show up; expose; produce; hold up to
view, expose to view; set before one, place before one, lay before one,
one's eyes; tell to one's face; trot out, put through one's paces, bring to
light, display, demonstrate, unroll; lay open; draw out, bring out; bring
out in strong relief; call into notice, bring into notice; hold up the
mirror; wear one's heart upon his sleeve; show one's face, show one's
colors; manifest oneself; speak out; make no mystery, make no secret of;
unfurl the flag; proclaim &c. (publish) 531.
indicate &c. (direct attention to) 457; disclose &c. 529; elicit &c.
be manifest &c. adj.; appear &c. (be visible) 446; transpire &c. (be
disclosed) 529; speak for itself, stand to reason; stare one in the face,
rear its head; give token, give sign, give indication of; tell its own tale
&c. (intelligible) 518.
Adj. manifest, apparent; salient, striking, demonstrative, prominent,
in the foreground, notable, pronounced.
flagrant; notorious &c. (public) 531; arrant; stark staring; unshaded,
defined, definite.
distinct, conspicuous &c. (visible) 446; obvious, evident,
unmistakable, indubitable, not to be mistaken, palpable, self-evident,
autoptical[obs3]; intelligible &c. 518.
plain, clear, clear as day, clear as daylight, clear as noonday; plain
as a pike staff, plain as the sun at noon-day, plain as the nose on one's
face, plain as the way to parish church.
explicit, overt, patent, express; ostensible; open, open as day;
naked, bare, literal, downright, undisguised, exoteric.
unreserved, frank, plain-spoken &c. (artless) 703; candid (veracious)
543; barefaced.
manifested &c. v.; disclosed &c. 529; capable of being shown,
producible; inconcealable[obs3], unconcealable; no secret.
Adv. manifestly, openly &c. adj.; before one's eyes, under one's nose,
to one's face, face to face, above board, cartes sur table, on the stage,
in open court, in the open streets; in market overt; in the face of day,
face of heaven; in broad daylight, in open daylight; without reserve; at
first blush, prima facie[Lat], on the face of; in set terms.
Phr. cela saute aux yeux[French]; he that runs may read; you can see
it with half an eye; it needs no ghost to tell us [Hamlet]; the meaning
lies on the surface; cela va sans dire[Fr]; res ipsa loquitur[Lat];
"clothing the palpable and familiar" [Coleridge]; fari quae sentiat[Lat];
volto sciolto i pensieri stretti [It]; "you don't need a weatherman to know
which way the wind blows" [Bob Dylan].

<-- p. 158 -->

#526. Latency. Implication. -- N. {ant. 525} latency,
inexpression[obs3]; hidden meaning, occult meaning; occultness, mystery,
cabala[obs3], anagoge[obs3]; silence &c (taciturnity) 585; concealment &c.
528; more than meets the eye, more than meets the ear; Delphic oracle; le
dessous des cartes[Fr], undercurrent.
implication, logical implication; logical consequence; entailment.
allusion, insinuation; innuendo &c. 527; adumbration; "something
rotten in the state of Denmark" [Hamlet].
snake in the grass &c. (pitfall) 667; secret &c. 533.
darkness, invisibility, imperceptibility.
V. be latent &c. adj.; lurk, smolder, underlie, make no sign; escape
observation, escape detection, escape recognition; lie hid &c. 528.
laugh in one's sleeve; keep back &c. (conceal) 528.
involve, imply, understand, allude to, infer, leave an inference;
entail; whisper &c. (conceal) 528.
[understand the implication] read between the lines.
Adj. latent; lurking &c.v.; secret &c. 528; occult; implied &c. v.;
dormant; abeyant.
unapparent, unknown, unseen &c. 441; in the background; invisible &c.
447; indiscoverable[obs3], dark; impenetrable &c. (unintelligible) 519;
unspied[obs3], unsuspected.
unsaid, unwritten, unpublished, unbreathed[obs3], untalked of[obs3],
untold &c. 527, unsung, unexposed, unproclaimed[obs3], undisclosed &c. 529,
unexpressed; not expressed, tacit.
undeveloped, solved, unexplained, untraced[obs3], undiscovered &c.
480a, untracked, unexplored, uninvented[obs3].
indirect, crooked, inferential; by inference, by implication;
implicit; constructive; allusive, covert, muffled; steganographic[obs3];
understood, underhand, underground; delitescent[obs3], concealed &c. 528.
Adv. by a side wind; sub silentio[Lat]; in the background; behind the
scenes, behind one's back; on the tip of one's tongue; secretly &c. 528;
between the lines.
Phr. "thereby hangs a tale" [As You Like It]; tacitum vivit sub
pectore vulnus [Lat][Vergil]; where there's smoke, there's fire.

#527. Information.-- N. information, enlightenment, acquaintance,
knowledge &c. 490; publicity &c. 531; data &c. 467.
communication, intimation; notice, notification; enunciation,
annunciation; announcement; communiqu; representation, round robin,
case, estimate, specification, report, advice, monition; news &c. 532;
return &c. (record) 551; account &c. (description) 594; statement &c.
(affirmation) 535.
mention; acquainting &c. v; instruction &c. (teaching) 537;
outpouring; intercommunication, communicativeness.
informant, authority, teller, intelligencer[obs3], reporter, exponent,
informer, eavesdropper, delator, detective; sleuth; mouchard[obs3],
spy, newsmonger; messenger &c. 534; amicus curiae[Lat].
valet de place, cicerone, pilot, guide; guidebook, handbook; vade
mecum[Latin]; manual; map, plan, chart, gazetteer; itinerary &c. (journey)
hint, suggestion, innuendo, inkling, whisper, passing word, word in
the ear, subaudition[obs3], cue, byplay; gesture &c. (indication) 550;
gentle hint, broad hint; verbum sapienti [Latin: a word to the wise];
insinuation &c. (latency) 526.
information theory.
[units of information] bit, byte, word, doubleword[Comp], quad word,
paragraph, segment.
[information storage media] magnetic media, paper medium, optical
media; random access memory, RAM; read-only memory, ROM; write once read
mostly memory, WORM.
V. tell; inform, inform of; acquaint, acquaint with; impart, impart
to; make acquaintance with, apprise, advise, enlighten, awaken; transmit.
let fall, mention, express, intimate, represent, communicate, make
known; publish &c. 531; notify, signify, specify, convey the knowledge of.
let one know, have one to know; give one to understand; give notice;
set before, lay before, put before; point out, put into one's head; put one
in possession of; instruct &c. (teach) 537; direct the attention to &c.
announce, annunciate; report, report progress; bringword[obs3], send
word, leave word, write word; telegraph, telephone; wire; retail, render an
account; give an account &c. (describe) 594; state &c (affirm) 535.
[disclose inadvertently or reluctantly] let slip, blurt out, spill the
beans, unburden oneself of, let off one's chest; disclose &c. 529.
show cause; explain &c. (interpret) 522.
hint; given an inkling of; give a hint, drop a hint, throw out a hint;
insinuate; allude to, make allusion to; glance at; tip the wink &c.
(indicate) 550; suggest, prompt, give the cue, breathe; whisper, whisper in
the ear.
give a bit of one's mind; tell one plainly, tell once for all; speak
undeceive[obs3], unbeguile[obs3]; set right, correct, open the eyes
of, disabuse, disillusion one of.
be informed of &c.; know &c 490; learn &c. 539; get scent of, get wind
of, gather from; awaken to, open one's eyes to; become alive, become awake
to; hear, overhear, understand.
come to one's ears, come to one's knowledge; reach one's ears.
Adj. informed &c. v.; communique; reported &c. v.; published &c. 531.
expressive &c. 516; explicit &c. (open) 525, (clear) 518; plain spoken
&c, (artless) 703.
nuncupative, nuncupatory|; declaratory, expository; enunciative[obs3];
communicative, communicatory[obs3].
Adv. from information received.
Phr. a little bird told me; I heard it through the grapevine.

#527a. Correction. [Correct an error of information; distinguish from
correcting a flaw or misbehavior] -- N. correction.
disillusionment &c. 616.
V. correct, set right, set straight, put straight; undeceive[obs3];
show one one's error; point out an error, point out a fallacy; pick
out an error, pick out the fallacy; open one's eyes.
pick apart an argument, confutation &c. 479; reasoning &c. 476.
Adj. corrective.
Phr. I stand corrected.
<-- p. 159 -->

#528. Concealment.-- N. concealment; hiding &c. v.; occultation,
seal of secrecy; screen &c. 530; disguise &c. 530; masquerade; masked
battery; hiding place &c. 530; cryptography, steganography[obs3];
stealth, stealthiness, sneakiness; obreption|; slyness &c. (cunning)
latitancy[obs3], latitation[obs3]; seclusion &c. 893; privacy,
secrecy, secretness[obs3]; incognita.
reticence; reserve; mental reserve, reservation; arriere pensee[Fr],
suppression, evasion, white lie, misprision; silence &c. (taciturnity) 585;
suppression of truth &c. 544; underhand dealing; closeness, secretiveness
&c. adj.; mystery.
latency &c. 526; snake in the grass; secret &c. 533; stowaway.
V. conceal, hide, secrete, put out of sight; lock up, seal up, bottle
encrypt, encode, cipher.
cover, screen, cloak, veil, shroud; cover up one's tracks; screen from
sight, screen from observation; drawing the veil; draw the curtain, close
the curtain; curtain, shade, eclipse, throw a view over; becloud, bemask;
mask, disguise; ensconce, muffle, smother; befog; whisper.
keep from; keep back, keep to oneself; keep snug, keep close, keep
secret, keep dark; bury; sink, suppress; keep from, keep from out of view,
keep from out of sight; keep in the shade, throw into the shade, throw into
background; stifle, hush up, smother, withhold, reserve; fence with a
question; ignore &c. 460.
keep a secret, keep one's own counsel; hold one's tongue &c. (silence)
585; make no sign, not let it go further; not breathe a word, not breathe a
syllable about; not let the right hand know what the left is doing; hide
one's light under a bushel, bury one's talent in a napkin.
keep in the dark, leave in the dark, keep in the ignorance; blind,
blind the eyes; blindfold, hoodwink, mystify; puzzle &c. (render uncertain)
475; bamboozle &c. (deceive) 545.
be concealed &c. v.; suffer an eclipse; retire from sight, couch; hide
oneself; lie hid, lie in perdu[Fr], lie in close; lie in ambush (ambush)
530; seclude oneself &c. 893; lurk, sneak, skulk, slink, prowl; steal into,
steal out of, steal by, steal along; play at bopeep[obs3], play at hide and
seek; hide in holes and corners; still hunt.
Adj. concealed &c. v.; hidden; secret, recondite, mystic, cabalistic,
occult, dark; cryptic, cryptical[obs3]; private, privy, in petto,
auricular, clandestine, close, inviolate; tortuous.
behind a screen &c. 530; undercover, under an eclipse; in ambush, in
hiding, in disguise; in a cloud, in a fog, in a mist, in a haze, in a dark
corner; in the shade, in the dark; clouded, wrapped in clouds, wrapt in
clouds[obs3]; invisible &c.447; buried, underground, perdu[Fr]; secluded
&c. 893.
undisclosed &c. 529, untold &c. 527; covert &c. (latent) 526;
untraceable; mysterious &c. (unintelligible) 519.
irrevealable[obs3], inviolable; confidential; esoteric; not to be
spoken of; unmentionable.
obreptitious[obs3], furtive, stealthy, feline; skulking &c. v.;
surreptitious, underhand, hole and corner; sly &c. (cunning). 702;
secretive, evasive; reserved, reticent, uncommunicative, buttoned up;
close, close as wax; taciturn &c. 585.
Adv. secretly &c. adj.; in secret, in private, in one's sleeve, in
holes and corners; in the dark &c. adj.
januis clausis[Lat], with closed doors, a huis clos[Fr]; hugger
mugger, a la derobee[Fr]; under the cloak of, under the rose, under the
table; sub rosa[Lat], en tapinois[Fr], in the background, aside, on the
sly, with bated breath, sotto voce[Lat], in a whisper, without beat of
drum, a la sourdine[obs3].
behind the veil; beyond mortal ken, beyond the grave, beyond the veil;
hid from mortal vision; into the eternal secret, into the realms
supersensible[obs3], into the supreme mystery.
in confidence, in strict confidence, in strictest confidence;
confidentially &c. adj.; between ourselves, between you and me; between you
and me and the bedpost; entre nous[Fr], inter nos, under the seal of
secrecy; a couvert[Fr].
underhand, by stealth, like a thief in the night; stealthily &c. adj.;
behind the scenes, behind the curtain, behind one's back, behind a screen
&c. 530; incognito; in camera.
Phr. it must go no further, it will go no further; don't tell a
soul;"tell it not in Gath,"nobody the wiser; alitur vitium vivitque
tegendo[Lat][obs3]; "let it be tenable in your silence still"[Hamlet].
[confidential disclosure to news reporters] background information,
deep background information, deep background; background session,
backgrounder; not for attribution

<-- p. 160 -->

#529. Disclosure -- N. disclosure; retection|; unveiling &c.v.;
deterration[obs3], revealment, revelation; exposition, exposure; expose;
whole truth; telltale &c (news) 532.
acknowledgment, avowal; confession, confessional; shrift.
bursting of a bubble; denouement.
[person who discloses a secret] tattletale, snitch, fink, stool
pigeon, canary.
V. disclose, discover, dismask|; draw the veil, draw aside the veil,
lift the veil, raise the veil, lift up the veil, remove the veil, tear
aside the veil, tear the curtain; unmask, unveil, unfold, uncover, unseal,
unkennel; take off the seal, break the seal; lay open, lay bare; expose;
open, open up; bare, bring to light.
divulge, reveal, break; squeal, tattle, sing, rat, snitch [all coll.];
let into the secret; reveal the secrets of the prison house; tell &c
(inform) 527; breathe, utter, blab, peach; let out, let fall, let drop,
let slip, spill the beans, let the cat out of the bag; betray; tell tales,
come out of school; come out with; give vent, give utterance to; open the
lips, blurt out, vent, whisper about; speak out &c (make manifest) 525;
make public &c 531; unriddle &c (find out) 480a; split.
acknowledge, allow, concede, grant, admit, own, own up to, confess,
avow, throw off all disguise, turn inside out, make a clean breast; show
one's hand, show one's cards; unburden one's mind, disburden one's mind,
disburden one's conscience, disburden one's heart; open one's mind, lay
bare one's mind, tell a piece of one's mind[Fr]; unbosom oneself, own to
the soft impeachment; say the truth, speak the truth; turn King's (or
Queen's) evidence; acknowledge the corn* [U.S.].
raise the mask, drop the mask, lift the mask, remove the mask, throw
off the mask; expose; lay open; undeceive[obs3], unbeguile[obs3]; disabuse,
set right, correct, open the eyes of; dsillusionner.
be disclosed &c.; transpire, come to light; come in sight &c. (be
visible) 446; become known, escape the lips; come out, ooze out, creep out,
leak out, peep out, crop-out; show its face, show its colors; discover &c.
itself; break through the clouds, flash on the mind.
Adj. disclosed &c.v.; open, public &c. 525.
Int.out with it!
Phr. the murder is out; a light breaks in upon one; the scales fall
from one's eyes; the eyes are opened.

#530. Ambush [Means of concealment]. -- N. camouflage; mimicry; hiding
place; secret place, secret drawer; recess, hold, holes and corners;
closet, crypt, adytum[obs3], abditory[obs3], oubliette.
ambush, ambuscade; stalking horse; lurking hole, lurking place; secret
path, back stairs; retreat &c. (refuge) 666.
screen, cover, shade, blinker; veil, curtain, blind, cloak, cloud.
mask, visor, vizor[obs3], disguise, masquerade dress, domino.
pitfall &c. (source of danger) 667; trap &c. (snare) 545.
V. blend in, blend into the background.
lie in ambush &c (hide oneself) 528; lie in wait for, lurk; set a trap
for &c (deceive) 545; ambuscade, ambush.
[transitive] camouflage.
Adj. camouflaged, hidden, concealed.
Adv. aux aguets[obs3].

<-- p. 161 -->

#531. Publication.-- N. publication; public announcement &c 527;
promulgation, propagation, proclamation, pronunziamento [Italian];
circulation, indiction[obs3], edition; hue and cry.
publicity, notoriety, currency, flagrancy, cry, bruit, hype; vox
populi; report &c (news) 532.
the Press, public press, newspaper, journal, gazette, daily;
telegraphy; publisher &c v.; imprint.
circular, circular letter; manifesto, advertisement, ad., placard,
bill, affiche[obs3], broadside, poster; notice &c. 527.
V. publish; make public, make known &c (information) 527; speak of,
talk of; broach, utter; put forward; circulate, propagate, promulgate;
spread, spread abroad; rumor, diffuse, disseminate, evulugate; put forth,
give forth, send forth; emit, edit, get out; issue; bring before the
public, lay before the public, drag before the public; give out, give to
the world; put about, bandy about, hawk about, buzz about, whisper about,
bruit about, blaze about; drag into the open day; voice.
proclaim, herald, blazon; blaze abroad, noise abroad; sound a trumpet;
trumpet forth, thunder forth; give tongue; announce with beat of drum,
announce with flourish of trumpets; proclaim from the housetops, proclaim
at Charing Cross.
advertise, placard; post, post up afficher[obs3], publish in the
Gazette, send round the crier.
raise a cry, raise a hue and cry, raise a report; set news afloat.
be published &c; be public, become public &c adj.; come out; go about,
fly about, buzz about, blow about; get about, get abroad, get afloat, get
wind; find vent; see the light; go forth, take air, acquire currency, pass
current; go the rounds, go the round of the newspapers, go through the
length and breadth of the land; virum volitare per ora[Lat]; pass from
mouth to mouth; spread; run like wildfire, spread like wildfire.
Adj. published &c.v.; current &c. (news) 532; in circulation, public;
notorious; flagrant, arrant; open &c 525; trumpet-tongued; encyclical,
encyclic[obs3], promulgatory[obs3]; exoteric.
Adv. publicly &c. adj.; in open court, with open doors.
Int. Oyez! O yes! notice!
Phr. notice is hereby given; this is to give, these are to give
notice; nomina stultorum parietibus haerent[Lat]; semel emissum volat
irrevocabile verbum[Lat]..

#532. News.-- N. news; information &c 527; piece of news[Fr], budget
of news, budget of information; intelligence, tidings.
word, advice, aviso[Sp], message; dispatch, despatch; telegram, cable,
marconigram[obs3], wire, communication, errand, embassy.
report, rumor, hearsay, on dit[Fr], flying rumor, news stirring, cry,
buzz, bruit, fame; talk, oui dire[Fr], scandal, eavesdropping; town tattle,
table talk; tittle tattle; canard, topic of the day, idea afloat.
bulletin, fresh news, stirring news; glad tidings; flash, news just
in; on-the-spot coverage; live coverage.
old story, old news, stale news, stale story; chestnut*.
narrator &c (describe) 594; newsmonger, scandalmonger; talebearer,
telltale, gossip, tattler.
[study of news reporting] journalism.
[methods of conveying news] media, news media, the press, the
information industry; newspaper, magazine, tract, journal, gazette,
publication &c. 531; radio, television, ticker (electronic information
[organizations producing news reports] United Press International,
UPI; Associated Press, AP; The Dow Jones News Service, DJ; The New York
Times News Service, NYT[abbr]; Reuters [England]; TASS [Soviet Union]; The
Nikkei [Japan].
[person reporting news as a profession] newscaster, newsman,
newswoman, reporter, journalist, correspondent, foreign correspondent,
special correspondent, war correspondent, news team, news department;
anchorman, anchorwoman[obs3]; sportscaster; weatherman.
[officials providing news for an organization] press secretary, public
relations department, public relations man.
V. transpire &c (be disclosed) 529; rumor &c (publish) 531.
Adj. many-tongued; rumored; publicly rumored, currently rumored,
currently reported; rife, current, floating, afloat, going about, in
circulation, in every one's mouth, all over the town.
in progress; live; on the spot; in person.
Adv. as the story goes, as the story runs; as they say, it is said; by
telegraph, by wireless.
Phr. "airy tongues that syllable men's names" [Milton]; what's up?;
what's the latest?; what's new?; what's the latest poop?.

#533. Secret.-- N. secret; dead secret, profound secret;
arcanum[obs3], mystery; latency &c 526; Asian mystery[obs3]; sealed book,
secrets of the prison house; le desous des cartes [Fr].
enigma, riddle, puzzle, nut to crack, conundrum, charade, rebus,
logogriph[obs3]; monogram, anagram; Sphinx; crux criticorum[Lat].
maze, labyrinth, Hyrcynian wood; intricacy, meander.
problem &c (question) 461; paradox &c (difficulty) 704;
unintelligibility &c. 519; terra incognita &c. (ignorance) 491.
Adj. secret &c. (concealed) 528; involved &c, 248; labyrinthine,
labyrinthian[obs3], mazy.
confidential; top secret.

<-- p. 162 -->

#534. Messenger.-- N. messenger, envoy, emissary, legate; nuncio,
internuncio[obs3]; ambassador &c (diplomatist) 758.
marshal, flag bearer, herald, crier, trumpeter, bellman[obs3],
pursuivant[obs3], parlementaire[Fr], apparitor[obs3].
courier, runner; dak[obs3], estafette[obs3]; Mercury, Iris,
commissionaire[Fr]; errand boy, chore boy; newsboy.
mail, overnight mail, express mail, next-day delivery; post, post
office; letter bag; delivery service; United Parcel Service, UPS; Federal
Express, Fedex.
telegraph, telephone; cable, wire (electronic information
transmission); carrier pigeon.
[person reporting news: see news &c. 532] reporter, gentleman of the
press, representative of the press; penny-a-liner; special correspondent,
own correspondent; spy, scout; informer &c. 527.

#535. Affirmation.-- N. affirmance, affirmation; statement,
allegation, assertion, predication, declaration, word, averment;
asseveration, adjuration, swearing, oath, affidavit; deposition &c
(record) 551; avouchment; assurance; protest, protestation; profession;
acknowledgment &c. (assent) 488; legal pledge, pronouncement; solemn
averment, solemn avowal, solemn declaration.
remark, observation; position &c. (proposition) 514, saying, dictum,
sentence, ipse dixit[Lat].
emphasis; weight; dogmatism &c. (certainty) 474; dogmatics &c 887.
V. assert; make an assertion &c n.; have one's say; say, affirm,
predicate, declare, state; protest, profess.
put forth, put forward; advance, allege, propose, propound, enunciate,
broach, set forth, hold out, maintain, contend, pronounce, pretend.
depose, depone, aver, avow, avouch, asseverate, swear; make oath, take
one's oath; make an affidavit, swear an affidavit, put in an affidavit;
take one's Bible oath, kiss the book, vow, vitam impendere vero[Lat]; swear
till one is black in the face, swear till one is blue in the face, swear
till all's blue; be sworn, call Heaven to witness; vouch, warrant, certify,
assure, swear by bell book and candle.
swear by &c (believe) 484; insist upon, take one's stand upon;
emphasize, lay stress on; assert roundly, assert positively; lay down, lay
down the law; raise one's voice, dogmatize, have the last word; rap out;
repeat; reassert, reaffirm.
announce &c (information) 527; acknowledge &c (assent) 488; attest &c
(evidence) 467; adjure &c (put to one's oath) 768.
Adj. asserting &c.v.; declaratory, predicatory[obs3],
pronunciative[obs3], affirmative, soi-disant[Fr]; positive; certain &c 474;
express, explicit &c (patent) 525; absolute, emphatic, flat, broad, round,
pointed, marked, distinct, decided, confident, trenchant, dogmatic,
definitive, formal, solemn, categorical, peremptory; unretracted[obs3];
Adv. affirmatively &c adj.; in the affirmative.
with emphasis, ex-cathedra, without fear of contradiction.
as God is my witness, I must say, indeed, i' faith, let me tell you,
why, give me leave to say, marry, you may be sure, I'd have you to know;
upon my word, upon my honor; by my troth, egad, I assure you; by jingo, by
Jove, by George, &c.; troth, seriously, sadly; in sadness, in sober
sadness, in truth, in earnest; of a truth, truly, perdy[obs3], in all
conscience, upon oath; be assured &c (belief) 484; yes &c (assent) 488;
I'll warrant, I'll warrant you, I'll engage, I'll answer for it, I'll be
bound, I'll venture to say, I'll take my oath; in fact, forsooth, joking
apart; so help me God; not to mince the matter.
Phr. quoth he; dixi[Lat].

#536. Negation. -- N. negation, abnegation; denial; disavowal,
disclaimer; abjuration; contradiction, contravention;
recusation[obs3][Law], protest; recusancy &c (dissent) 489; flat
contradiction, emphatic contradiction, emphatic denial, dementi[Lat].
qualification &c 469; repudiation &c 610; retraction &c 607;
confutation &c 479; refusal &c 764; prohibition &c 761.
V. deny; contradict, contravene; controvert, give denial to, gainsay,
negative, shake the head.
disown, disaffirm, disclaim, disavow; recant &c 607; revoke &c
(abrogate) 756.
dispute; impugn, traverse, rebut, join issue upon; bring in question,
call in question &c. (doubt) 485; give (one) the lie in his throat.
deny flatly, deny peremptorily, deny emphatically, deny absolutely,
deny wholly, deny entirely; give the lie to, belie.
repudiate &c 610; set aside, ignore &c 460; rebut &c. (confute) 479;
qualify &c 469; refuse &c 764.
Adj. denying &c.v.; denied &c.v.; contradictory; negative, negatory;
recusant &c (dissenting) 489; at issue upon.
Adv. no, nay, not, nowise; not a bit, not a whit, not a jot; not at
all, nohow, not in the least, not so; negative, negatory; no way [coll.];
no such thing; nothing of the kind, nothing of the sort; quite the
contrary, tout au contraire[Fr], far from it; tant s'en faut[Fr]; on no
account, in no respect; by no, by no manner of means; negatively.
[negative with respect to time] never, never in a million years; at no
Phr. there never was a greater mistake; I know better; non haec in
faedera[Lat]; a thousand times no.

<-- p. 163 -->

#537. Teaching.-- N. teaching &c.v.; instruction; edification;
education; tuition; tutorage, tutelage; direction, guidance;
qualification, preparation; training, schooling &c. v.; discipline;
drill, practice; book exercise.
persuasion, proselytism, propagandism[obs3], propaganda;
indoctrination, inculcation, inoculation; advise &c. 695.
explanation &c (interpretation) 522; lesson, lecture, sermon;
apologue[obs3], parable; discourse, prolection[obs3], preachment; chalk
talk; Chautauqua [U.S.].
exercise, task; curriculum; course, course of study; grammar, three
R's, initiation, A.B.C. &c (beginning) 66.
elementary education, primary education, secondary education,
technical education, college education, collegiate education, military
education, university education, liberal education, classical education,
religious education, denominational education, moral education, secular
education; propaedeutics[obs3], moral tuition.
gymnastics, calisthenics; physical drill, physical education;
[methods of teaching] phonics; rote, rote memorization, brute memory;
cooperative learning; Montessori method, ungraded classes.
[measuring degree of learning of pupils] test, examination, exam;
final exam, mid-term exam grade[result of measurement of learning], score,
marks; A,B,C,D,E,F; gentleman's C; pass, fail, incomplete.
homework; take-home lesson; exercise for the student; theme, project.
V. teach, instruct, educate, edify, school, tutor; cram, prime, coach;
enlighten &c (inform) 527.
inculcate, indoctrinate, inoculate, infuse, instill, infix,
ingraft[obs3], infiltrate; imbue, impregnate, implant; graft, sow the seeds
of, disseminate.
given an idea of; put up to, put in the way of; set right.
sharpen the wits, enlarge the mind; give new ideas, open the eyes,
bring forward, "teach the young idea how to shoot" [Thomson]; improve &c.
expound &c (interpret) 522; lecture; read a lesson, give a lesson,
give a lecture, give a sermon, give a discourse; incept[obs3]; hold forth,
preach; sermonize, moralize; point a moral.
train, discipline; bring up, bring up to; form, ground, prepare,
qualify; drill, exercise, practice, habituate, familiarize with, nurture,
drynurse[obs3], breed, rear, take in hand; break, break in; tame;
preinstruct[obs3]; initiate; inure &c (habituate) 613.
put to nurse, send to school.
direct, guide; direct attention to &c. (attention) 457; impress upon
the mind, impress upon the memory; beat into, beat into the head; convince
&c (belief) 484.
[instructional materials] book, workbook, exercise book.
[unnecessary teaching] preach to the wise, teach one's grandmother to
suck eggs, teach granny to suck eggs; preach to the converted.
Adj. teaching &c.v; taught &c.v.; educational; scholastic, academic,
doctrinal; disciplinal[obs3]; instructive, instructional, didactic;
propaedeutic[obs3], propaedeutical[obs3].
Phr. the schoolmaster abroad; a bovi majori disscit arare minor[Lat];
adeo in teneris consuecere multum est [Lat][Vergil]; docendo discimus[Lat];
quaenocent docent[Lat]; qui docet discit[Latin]; "sermons in stones and
good in everything" [As You Like It].

#538. Misteaching.-- N. misteaching[obs3], misinformaton,
misintelligence[obs3], misguidance, misdirection, mispersuasion[obs3],
misinstruction[obs3], misleading &c.v.; perversion, false teaching;
sophistry &c 477; college of Laputa; the blind leading the blind.
[misteaching by government agents] propaganda, disinformation,
agitprop; indoctrination.
V. misinform, misteach[obs3], misdescribe[obs3], misinstruct[obs3],
miscorrect[obs3]; misdirect, misguide; pervert; put on a false scent, throw
off the scent, throw off the trail; deceive &c 545; mislead &c (error) 495;
misrepresent; lie &c 544; ambiguas in vulgum spargere voces [Lat][Vergil].
propagandize, disinform.
render unintelligible &c 519; bewilder &c (uncertainty) 475; mystify
&c. (conceal) 528; unteach.
[person or government agent who misteaches] propagandist.
Adj. misteaching &c.v[obs3]; unedifying.
Phr. piscem natare doces [Lat]; the blind leading the blind.

<-- p. 164 -->

#539. Learning -- N. learning; acquisition of knowledge &c 490,
acquisition of skill &c 698; acquirement, attainment; edification,
scholarship, erudition; acquired knowledge, lore, wide information; self-
instruction; study, reading, perusal; inquiry &c 451.
apprenticeship, prenticeship[obs3]; pupilage, pupilarity[obs3];
tutelage, novitiate, matriculation.
docility &c (willingness) 602; aptitude &c 698.
V. learn; acquire knowledge, gain knowledge, receive knowledge, take
in knowledge, drink in knowledge, imbibe knowledge, pick up knowledge,
gather knowledge, get knowledge, obtain knowledge, collect knowledge, glean
knowledge, glean information, glean learning.
acquaint oneself with, master; make oneself master of, make oneself
acquainted with; grind, cram; get up, coach up; learn by heart, learn by
read, spell, peruse; con over, pore over, thumb over; wade through;
dip into; run the eye over, run the eye through; turn over the leaves.
study; be studious &c adj.
[study intensely] burn the midnight oil, consume the midnight oil,
mind one's book; cram.
go to school, go to college, go to the university; matriculate; serve
an (or one's) apprenticeship, serve one's time; learn one's trade; be
informed &c 527; be taught &c 537.
[stop going to school voluntarily (intransitive)] drop out, leave
school, quit school; graduate; transfer; take a leave.
[cause to stop going to school (transitive)] dismiss, expel, kick out
of school.
[stop going to school involuntarily] flunk out; be dismissed &c.
Adj. studious; scholastic, scholarly; teachable; docile &c (willing)
602; apt &c 698, industrious &c 682.
Adv. at one's books; in statu pupillari &c (learner) 541[Lat].
Phr. "a lumber-house of books in every head" [Pope]; ancora
imparo[Lat][obs3]! "hold high converse with the mighty dead" [Thomson];
"lash'd into Latin by the tingling rod" [Gay].

#540. Teacher. -- N. teacher, trainer, instructor, institutor, master,
tutor, director, Corypheus, dry nurse, coach, grinder, crammer, don;
governor, bear leader; governess, duenna[Sp]; disciplinarian.
professor, lecturer, reader, prelector[obs3], prolocutor, preacher;
chalk talker, khoja[obs3]; pastor &c (clergy) 996; schoolmaster,
dominie[Fr], usher, pedagogue, abecedarian; schoolmistress, dame, monitor,
pupil teacher.
expositor &c 524; preceptor, guide; guru; mentor &c (adviser) 695;
pioneer, apostle, missionary, propagandist, munshi[obs3], example &c (model
for imitation) 22.
professorship &c (school) 542.
tutelage &c (teaching) 537.
Adj. professorial.
Phr. qui doet discet[Lat].

#541. Learner.-- N. learner, scholar, student, pupil; apprentice,
prentice[obs3], journeyman; articled clerk; beginner, tyro, amateur, rank
amateur; abecedarian, alphabetarian[obs3]; alumnus, eleve[Fr].
recruit, raw recruit, novice, neophyte, inceptor[obs3], catechumen,
probationer; seminarian, chela, fellow-commoner; debutant.
[apprentice medical doctors] intern; resident.
schoolboy; fresh, freshman, frosh; junior soph[obs3], junior; senior
soph[obs3], senior; sophister[obs3], sophomore; questionist[obs3].
[college and university students] undergraduate; graduate student; law
student; medical student; pre-med; post-doctoral student, post-doc;
matriculated student; part-time student, night student, auditor.
[group of learners] class, grade, seminar, form, remove; pupilage &c
(learning) 539.
disciple, follower, apostle, proselyte; fellow-student,
[place of learning] school &c. 542.
V. learn; practise.
Adj. in statu pupillari[Lat], in leading strings.
Phr. practise makes perfect.

#542. School.-- N. school, academy, university, alma mater, college,
seminary, Lyceum; institute, institution; palaestra, Gymnasium, class,
day school, boarding school, preparatory school, primary school,
infant school, dame's school, grammar school, middle class school, Board
school, denominational school, National school, British and Foreign school,
collegiate school, art school, continuation school, convent school, County
Council school, government school, grant-in-aid school, high school, higher
grade school, military school, missionary school, naval school, naval
academy, state-aided school, technical school, voluntary school, school;
school of art; kindergarten, nursery, creche, reformatory.
pulpit, lectern, soap box desk, reading desk, ambo[obs3], lecture
room, theater, auditorium, amphitheater, forum, state, rostrum, platform,
hustings, tribune.
school book, horn book, text book; grammar, primer, abecedary[obs3],
rudiments, manual, vade mecum; encyclopedia, cyclopedia; Lindley Murray,
Cocker; dictionary, lexicon.
professorship, lectureship, readership, fellowship, tutorship; chair.
School Board Council of Education; Board of Education; Board of
Studies, Prefect of Studies; Textbook Committee; propaganda.
Adj. scholastic, academic, collegiate; educational.
Adv. ex cathedra[Lat].

<-- p. 165 -->

#543. Veracity.-- N. veracity; truthfulness, frankness, &c. adj.;
truth, sincerity, candor, unreserve|!, honesty, fidelity; plain dealing,
bona fides[Lat]; love of truth; probity &c. 939; ingenuousness &c
(artlessness) 703.
the truth the whole truth and nothing but the truth; honest truth,
sober truth &c (fact) 494; unvarnished tale; light of truth.
V. speak the truth, tell the truth; speak by the card; paint in its
true colors, show oneself in one's true colors; make a clean breast &c
(disclose) 529; speak one's mind &c. (be blunt) 703; not lie &c 544, not
deceive &c. 545.
Adj. truthful, true; veracious, veridical; scrupulous &c (honorable)
939; sincere, candid, frank, open, straightforward, unreserved; open
hearted, true hearted, simple-hearted; honest, trustworthy; undissembling
&c (dissemble &c 544)[obs3]; guileless, pure; truth-loving;
unperjured[obs3]; true blue, as good as one's word; unaffected, unfeigned,
bona fide; outspoken, ingenuous &c (artless) 703; undisguised &c (real)
Adv. truly &c (really) 494; in plain words &c 703; in truth, with
truth, of a truth, in good truth; as the dial to the sun, as the needle to
the pole; honor bright; troth; in good sooth[obs3], in good earnest;
unfeignedly, with no nonsense, in sooth[obs3], sooth to say[obs3], bona
fide, in foro conscientiae[Lat]; without equivocation; cartes sur table,
from the bottom of one's heart; by my troth &c (affirmation) 535.
Phr. di il vero a affronterai il diavolo[It][obs3]; Dichtung und
Wahrheit[Ger]; esto quod esse videris[Lat]; magna est veritas et
praevalet[Lat]; "that golden key that opes the palace of eternity"
[Milton]; veritas odium parit[Lat]; veritatis simplex oratio est[Lat];
verite sans peur[Fr].

<-- should clarify distinction between untruth generally (objectively
false) and untruth in communication (lie, deception) -->
#544. Falsehood. -- N. falsehood, falseness; falsity, falsification;
deception &c. 545; untruth &c 546; guile; lying &c. 454; untruth &c 546;
guile; lying &c. v. misrepresentation; mendacity, perjury, false swearing;
forgery, invention, fabrication; subreption[obs3]; covin[obs3].
perversion of truth, suppression of truth; suppressio veri[Lat];
perversion, distortion, false coloring; exaggeration &c 549; prevarication,
equivocation, shuffling, fencing, evasion, fraud; suggestio falsi &c (lie)
546[Lat]; mystification &c (concealment) 528; simulation &c (imitation) 19;
dissimulation, dissembling; deceit; blague[obs3].
sham; pretense, pretending, malingering.
lip homage, lip service; mouth honor; hollowness; mere show, mere
outside; duplicity, double dealing, insincerity, hypocrisy, cant, humbug;
jesuitism, jesuitry; pharisaism; Machiavelism, "organized hypocrisy";
crocodile tears, mealy-mouthedness[obs3], quackery; charlatanism[obs3],
charlatanry; gammon; bun-kum[obs3], bumcombe, flam; bam*[obs3], flimflam,
cajolery, flattery; Judas kiss; perfidy &c (bad faith) 940; il volto
sciolto i pensieri stretti[It].
unfairness &c (dishonesty) 940; artfulness &c (cunning) 702;
misstatement &c (error) 495.
V. be false &c adj., be a liar &c 548; speak falsely &c adv.; tell a
lie &c. 546; lie, fib; lie like a trooper; swear false, forswear, perjure
oneself, bear false witness.
misstate, misquote, miscite[obs3], misreport, misrepresent; belie,
falsify, pervert, distort; put a false construction upon &c. (misinterpret)
prevaricate, equivocate, quibble; palter, palter to the understanding;
repondre en Normand[Fr]; trim, shuffle, fence, mince the truth, beat about
the bush, blow hot and cold, play fast and loose.
garble, gloss over, disguise, give a color to; give a gloss, put a
gloss, put false coloring upon; color, varnish, cook, dress up, embroider;
varnish right and puzzle wrong; exaggerate &c 549; blague[obs3].
invent, fabricate; trump up, get up; force, fake, hatch, concoct;
romance &c (imagine) 515; cry "wolf!"
dissemble, dissimulate; feign, assume, put on, pretend, make believe;
play possum; play false, play a double game; coquet; act a part, play a
part; affect &c. 855; simulate, pass off for; counterfeit, sham, make a
show of; malinger; say the grapes are sour.
cant, play the hypocrite, sham Abraham, faire pattes de velours, put
on the mask, clean the outside of the platter, lie like a conjuror; hand
out false colors, hold out false colors, sail under false colors; "commend
the poisoned chalice to the lips" [Macbeth]; ambiguas in vulgum spargere
voces [Lat]; deceive &c 545.
Adj. false, deceitful, mendacious, unveracious, fraudulent, dishonest,
faithless, truthless, trothless; unfair, uncandid; hollow-hearted; evasive;
uningenuous, disingenuous; hollow, sincere, Parthis mendacior; forsworn.
artificial, contrived; canting; hypocritical, jesuitical, pharisaical;
tartuffish; Machiavelian; double, double tongued, double faced, double
handed, double minded, double hearted, double dealing; Janus faced; smooth-
faced, smooth spoken, smooth tongued; plausible; mealy-mouthed; affected &c
collusive, collusory; artful &c. (cunning) 702; perfidious &c 940;
spurious &c (deceptive) 545; untrue &c 546; falsified &c v.; covinous.
Adv. falsely &c adj.; a la tartufe, with a double tongue; silly &c
(cunning) 702.
Phr. blandae mendacia lingua[Lat]; falsus in uno falsus in
omnibus[Lat]; "I give him joy that's awkward at a lie" [Young]; la mentira
tiene las piernas cortas [Sp]; "O what a goodly outside falsehood hath"
[Merchant of Venice].

<-- p. 166 -->

#545. Deception. -- N. deception; falseness &c 544; untruth &c 546;

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