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Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases: Body by Roget

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V. fast, starve, clem^, famish, perish with hunger; dine with Duke
Humphrey^; make two bites of a cherry.
Adj. lenten, quadragesimal^; unfed^; starved &c v.; half-starved;
fasting &c v.; hungry &c 865.

957. Gluttony -- N. gluttony; greed, avarice; greediness &c adj.;
epicurism; good living, high living; edacity^, gulosity^,
crapulence^; guttling^, guzzling; pantophagy^.
good cheer, blow out; feast &c (food) 298; gastronomy, batterie de
cuisine [Fr.].
epicure, bon vivant, gourmand; glutton, cormorant, hog, belly god,
Apicius^, gastronome; gourmet &c 954.1, 868.
v.. gormandize, gorge; overgorge^, overeat oneself; engorge, eat
one's fill, cram, stuff; guttle^, guzzle; bolt, devour, gobble up; gulp
&c (swallow food) 298; raven, eat out of house and home.
have the stomach of an ostrich; play a good knife and fork &c
(appetite) 865.
Adj. gluttonous, greedy; gormandizing &c v.; edacious^, omnivorous,
crapulent^, swinish.
avaricious &c 819; selfish &c 918.
pampered; overfed, overgorged^.
Phr. jejunus raro stomachus vulgaria temnit [Lat.] [Horace].

958. Sobriety -- N. sobriety; teetotalism.
temperance &c 953.
water-drinker; hydropot^; prohibitionist; teetotaler, teetotalist;
abstainer, Good Templar, band of hope.
V. take the pledge.
Adj. sober, sober as a judge.

959. Drunkenness -- N. drunkenness &c adj.; intemperance; drinking &c
v.; inebriety^, inebriation; ebriety^, ebriosity^; insobriety;
intoxication; temulency^, bibacity^, wine bibbing; comtation^, potation;
deep potations, bacchanals, bacchanalia, libations; bender [U.S.].
oinomania^, dipsomania; delirium tremens; alcohol, alcoholism;
mania a potu [Fr.].
drink; alcoholic drinks; blue ruin [Slang], grog, port wine;
punch, punch bowl; cup, rosy wine, flowing bowl; drop, drop too much;
dram; beer &c (beverage) 298; aguardiente^; apple brandy, applejack;
brandy, brandy smash [U.S.]; chain lightning [Slang], champagne,
cocktail; gin, ginsling^; highball [U.S.], peg, rum, rye, schnapps
[U.S.], sherry, sling [U.S.], uisquebaugh [Ire.], usquebaugh [Scot.],
whisky, xeres^.
drunkard, sot, toper, tippler, bibber^, wine-bibber, lush; hard
drinker, gin drinker, dram drinker; soaker [Slang], sponge, tun; love
pot, toss pot; thirsty soul, reveler, carouser, Bacchanal,
Bacchanalian; Bacchal^, Bacchante^; devotee to Bacchus^; bum [U.S.],
guzzler, tavern haunter.
V. get drunk, be drunk &c adj.; see double; take a drop too much, take
a glass too much; drink; tipple, tope, booze, bouse [Fr.], guzzle,
swill [Slang], soak [Slang], sot, bum [U.S.], besot, have a jag on,
have a buzz on, lush [Slang], bib, swig, carouse; sacrifice at the
shrine of Bacchus^; take to drinking; drink hard, drink deep, drink like
a fish; have one's swill [Slang], drain the cup, splice the main brace,
take a hair of the dog that bit you.
liquor, liquor up; wet one's whistle, take a whet; crack a bottle,
pass the bottle; toss off &c (drink up) 298; go to the alehouse, go to
the public house.
make one drunk &c adj.; inebriate, fuddle, befuddle, fuzzle^, get
into one's head.
Adj. drunk, tipsy; intoxicated; inebrious^, inebriate, inebriated; in
one's cups; in a state of intoxication &c n.; temulent^, temulentive^;
bombed, smashed; fuddled, mellow, cut, boozy, fou^, fresh, merry,
elevated; flustered, disguised, groggy, beery; top-heavy; potvaliant^,
glorious; potulent^; squiffy [Slang]; overcome, overtaken; whittled,
screwed [Slang], tight, primed, corned, raddled^, sewed up [Slang],
lushy [Slang], nappy^, muddled, muzzy^, obfuscated, maudlin; crapulous^,
dead drunk.
woozy [slightly drunk], buzzed, flush, flushed.
inter pocula^; in liquor, the worse for liquor; having had a drop
too much, half seas over, three sheets in the wind, three sheets to the
wind; under the table.
drunk as a lord, drunk as a skunk, drunk as a piper, drunk as a
fiddler, drunk as Chloe, drunk as an owl, drunk as David's sow, drunk
as a wheelbarrow.
drunken, bibacious^, sottish; given to drink, addicted to drink,
addicted to the bottle; toping &c v..
Phr. nunc est bibendum [Lat.]; Bacchus ever fair and young [Dryden];
drink down all unkindness [Merry Wives]; O that men should put an enemy
in their mouths to steal away their brains [Othello].

960. Purity -- N. purity; decency, decorum, delicacy; continence,
chastity, honesty, virtue, modesty, shame; pudicity^, pucelage^,
vestal, virgin, Joseph, Hippolytus; Lucretia, Diana; prude.
Adj. pure, undefiled, modest, delicate, decent, decorous; virginibus
puerisque [Lat.]; simon-pure; chaste, continent, virtuous, honest,
virgin, unsullied; cherry [Coll.].
Phr. as chaste as unsunn'd snow [Cymbeline]; a soul as white as heaven
[Beaumont and Fletcher]; 'tis Chastity, my brother, Chastity [Milton];
to the pure all things are pure [Shelley].

961. Impurity -- N. impurity; uncleanness &c (filth) 653; immodesty;
grossness &c adj.; indelicacy, indecency; impudicity^; obscenity,
ribaldry, Fescennine, smut, bawdry^, double entente, equivoque [Fr.].
concupiscence, lust, carnality, flesh, salacity; pruriency,
lechery, lasciviency^, lubricity; Sadism, sapphism^.
incontinence, intrigue, faux pas [Fr.]; amour, amourette^;
gallantry; debauchery, libertinish^, libertinage^, fornication; liaison;
wenching, venery, dissipation.
seduction; defloration, defilement, abuse, violation, rape;
prostitution, social evil, harlotry, stupration^, whoredom,
concubinage, cuckoldom^, adultery, advoutry^, crim.
con.; free love.
seraglio, harem; brothel, bagnio^, stew, bawdyhouse^, cat house,
lupanar^, house of ill fame, bordel^, bordello.
V. be impure &c adj.; intrigue; debauch, defile, seduce; prostitute;
abuse, violate, deflower; commit adultery &c n..
Adj. impure; unclean &c (dirty) 653; not to be mentioned to ears
polite; immodest, shameless; indecorous, indelicate, indecent;
Fescennine; loose, risque [Fr.], coarse, gross, broad, free, equivocal,
smutty, fulsome, ribald, obscene, bawdy, pornographic.
concupiscent, prurient, lickerish^, rampant, lustful; carnal,
carnal-minded; lewd, lascivious, lecherous, libidinous, erotic,
ruttish, salacious; Paphian; voluptuous; goatish, must, musty.
unchaste, light, wanton, licentious, debauched, dissolute; of
loose character, of easy virtue; frail, gay, riggish^, incontinent,
meretricious, rakish, gallant, dissipated; no better than she should
be; on the town, on the streets, on the pave, on the loose.
adulterous, incestuous, bestial.

962. Libertine -- N. libertine; voluptuary &c 954.1; rake, debauchee,
loose fish, rip, rakehell^, fast man; intrigant^, gallant, seducer,
fornicator, lecher, satyr, goat, whoremonger, paillard^, adulterer, gay
deceiver, Lothario, Don Juan, Bluebeard^; chartered libertine.
adulteress, advoutress^, courtesan, prostitute, strumpet, harlot,
whore, punk, fille de joie [Fr.]; woman, woman of the town;
streetwalker, Cyprian, miss, piece [Fr.]; frail sisterhood; demirep,
wench, trollop, trull^, baggage, hussy, drab, bitch, jade, skit, rig,
quean^, mopsy^, slut, minx, harridan; unfortunate, unfortunate female,
unfortunate woman; woman of easy virtue &c (unchaste) 961; wanton,
fornicatress^; Jezebel, Messalina, Delilah, Thais, Phryne, Aspasia^,
Lais, lorette^, cocotte^, petite dame, grisette^; demimonde; chippy
[U.S.]; sapphist^; spiritual wife; white slave.
concubine, mistress, doxy^, chere amie [Fr.], bona roba [It].
pimp, procurer; pander, pandar^; bawd, conciliatrix^, procuress^,
mackerel, wittol^.


963. Legality -- N. legality; legitimacy, legitimateness.
legislature; law, code, corpus juris [Lat.], constitution,
pandect^, charter, enactment, statute, rule; canon &c (precept) 697;
ordinance, institution, regulation; bylaw, byelaw; decree &c (order)
741; ordonnance^; standing order; plebiscite &c (choice) 609.
legal process; form, formula, formality; rite, arm of the law;
habeas corpus; fieri facias [Lat.].
[Science of law] jurisprudence, nomology^; legislation,
equity, common law; lex [Lat.], lex nonscripta [Lat.]; law of
nations, droit des gens [Fr.], international law, jus gentium [Lat.];
jus civile [Lat.]; civil law, canon law, crown law, criminal law,
statute law, ecclesiastical law, administrative law; lex mercatoria
constitutionalism, constitutionality; justice &c 922.
[institution for deciding questions of law] court, tribunal &c
[person who presides at a court or tribunal] judge &c 967.
[specialist in questions of law] lawyer, attorney, legal counsel
&c 968.
V. legalize; enact, ordain; decree &c (order) 741; pass a law, enact a
regulation; legislate; codify, formulate; regulate.
Adj. legal, legitimate; according to law; vested, constitutional,
chartered, legalized; lawful &c (permitted) 760; statutable^, statutory;
legislatorial, legislative; regulatory, regulated.
Adv. legally &c adj.; in the eye of the law; de jure [Lat.].
Phr. ignorantia legis neminem excusat [Lat.], ignorance of the law is
no excuse; where law ends tyranny begins [Earl of Chatham].

964. [Absence or violation of law.] Illegality -- N. lawlessness;
illicitness; breach of law, violation of law, infraction of the law;
disobedience &c 742; unconformity &c 83.
arbitrariness &c adj.; antinomy, violence, brute force, despotism,
mob law, lynch law, club law, Lydford law, martial law, drumhead
law; coup d'etat [Fr.]; le droit du plus fort [Fr.]; argumentum
baculinum [Lat.].
illegality, informality, unlawfulness, illegitimacy, bar sinister.
trover and conversion [Law]; smuggling, poaching; simony.
[person who violates the law] outlaw, bad man &c 949.
v.. offend against the law; violate the law, infringe the law,
break the law; set the law at defiance, ride roughshod over, drive a
coach and six through a statute; ignore the law, make the law a dead
letter, take the law into one's own hands.
smuggle, run, poach.
Adj. illegal [contrary to law], unlawful, illegitimate; not allowed,
prohibited &c 761; illicit, contraband; actionable.
unwarranted, unwarrantable; unauthorized; informal, unofficial;
injudicial^, extrajudicial.
lawless, arbitrary; despotic, despotical^; corrupt, summary,
irresponsible; unanswerable, unaccountable.
[of invalid or expired law] expired, invalid; unchartered,
unconstitutional; null and void; a dead letter.
[in absence of law] lawless, unregulated
Adv. illegally &c adj.; with a high hand, in violation of law.

965. Jurisdiction [Executive.] -- N. jurisdiction, judicature,
administration of justice, soc; executive, commission of the peace;
magistracy &c (authority) 737.
judge &c 967; tribunal &c 966; municipality, corporation,
bailiwick, shrievalty [Brit.]; lord lieutenant, sheriff, shire reeve,
shrieve^, constable; selectman; police, police force, the fuzz [Sarc.];
constabulary, bumbledom^, gendarmerie [Fr.].
officer, bailiff, tipstaff, bum-bailiff, catchpoll, beadle;
policeman, cop [Coll.], police constable, police sergeant; sbirro^,
alguazil^, gendarme, kavass^, lictor^, mace bearer, huissier [Fr.],
bedel^; tithingman^.
press gang; exciseman^, gauger, gager^, customhouse officer,
douanier [Fr.].
coroner, edile^, aedile^, portreeve^, paritor^; posse comitatus
bureau, cutcherry^, department, secretariat.
[extension of jurisdiction] long arm of the law, extradition.
V. judge, sit in judgment; extradite.
Adj. executive, administrative, municipal; inquisitorial, causidical^;
judicatory^, judiciary, judicial; juridical.
Adv. coram judice [Lat.].

966. Tribunal -- N. tribunal, court, board, bench, judicatory^; court of
justice, court of law, court of arbitration, administrative court;
inquisition; guild.
justice seat; judgment seat, mercy seat; woolsack^; bar of justice;
dock; forum, hustings, bureau, drumhead; jury box, witness box.
senate house, town hall, theater; House of Commons, House of
Lords; statehouse [U.S.], townhouse.
assize, eyre; wardmote^, burghmote^; barmote^; superior courts of
Westminster; court of record, court oyer and terminer [Law], court
assize, court of appeal, court of error; High court of Judicature, High
court of Appeal; Judicial Committee of the Privy Council; Star Chamber;
Court of Chancery, Court of King's or Queen's Bench, Court of
Exchequer, Court of Common Pleas, Court of Probate, Court of Arches,
Court of Admiralty; Lords Justices' court, Rolls court, Vice
Chancellor's court, Stannary court^, Divorce court, Family court,
Palatine court, county court, district court, police court; sessions;
quarter sessions, petty sessions; court-leet [Fr.], court-baron, court
of pie poudre [Fr.], court of common council; board of green cloth.
court martial; drumhead court martial; durbar^, divan; Areopagus^;
Adj. judicial &c 965; appellate.
Phr. die Weltgeschichte ist das Weltgericht [G.].

967. Judge -- N. judge; justice, justiciar^, justiciary^; chancellor;
justice of assize, judge of assize; recorder, common sergeant; puisne
judge, assistant judge, county court judge; conservator of the peace,
justice of the peace; J.P.; court &c (tribunal) 966; magistrate, police
magistrate, beak [Slang]; his worship, his honor, his lordship.
jury, twelve men in a box.
Lord Chancellor, Lord Justice; Master of the Rolls, Vice
Chancellor; Lord Chief Justice, Chief Baron; Mr.
Justice, Associate Justice, Chief Justice; Baron, Baron of the
jurat [Lat.], assessor; arbiter, arbitrator; umpire; referee,
referendary^; revising barrister; domesman^; censor &c (critic) 480;
barmaster^, ephor^; grand juror, grand juryman; juryman, talesman.
archon, tribune, praetor, syndic, podesta^, mollah^, ulema, mufti,
cadi^, kadi^; Rhadamanthus^.
litigant &c (accusation) 938.
V. adjudge &c (determine) 480; try a case, try a prisoner.
Adj. judicial &c 965.
Phr. a Daniel come to judgment [Merchant of Venice].

968. Lawyer -- N. lawyer, attorney, legal counsel; counsel, counsellor,
counsellor at law, attorney at law; jurist, legist^, civilian, pundit,
publicist, juris consult [Lat.], legal adviser, advocate; barrister,
barrister at law; King's or Queen's counsel; K.C.; Q.C.; silk gown,
leader, sergeant-at-law, bencher; tubman^, judge &c 967.
bar, legal profession, bar association, association of trial
lawyers; officer of the court; gentleman of the long robe; junior bar,
outer bar, inner bar; equity draftsman, conveyancer, pleader, special
solicitor, proctor; notary, notary public; scrivener, cursitor^;
writer, writer to the signet; S.S.C.; limb of the law; pettifogger;
legal beagle [Coll.].
[persons accessory to lawyers] legal secretary; legal assistant;
law student.
V. practice law, practice at the bar, practice within the bar; plead;
call to the bar, be called to the bar, be called within the bar; take
silk; take to the law.
give legal counsel, provide legal counsel.
Adj. learned in the law; at the bar; forensic; esquire, esquired.
Phr. banco regis [Lat.].

969. Lawsuit -- N. lawsuit, suit, action, cause; litigation; suit in
law; dispute &c 713.
citation, arraignment, prosecution, impeachment; accusation &c
938; presentment, true bill, indictment.
apprehension, arrest; committal; imprisonment &c (restraint) 751.
writ, summons, subpoena, latitat^, nisi prius [Lat.]; venire,
venire facias pleadings [Lat.]; declaration, bill, claim; proces verbal
[Fr.]; bill of right, information, corpus delicti; affidavit, state of
facts; answer, reply, replication, plea, demurrer, rebutter, rejoinder;
surrebutter^, surrejoinder^.
suitor, party to a suit; plaintiff, defendant, litigant &c 938.
hearing, trial; verdict &c (judgment) 480; appeal, appeal motion;
writ of error; certiorari [Lat.].
case; decision, precedent; decided case, reports (legal reference
works, see reference books)..
V. go to law, appeal to the law; bring to justice, bring to trial,
bring to the bar; put on trial, pull up; accuse &c 938; prefer a claim,
file a claim &c n.; take the law of, inform against.
serve with a writ, cite, apprehend, arraign, sue, prosecute, bring
an action against, indict, impeach, attach, distrain, commit; arrest;
summon, summons; give in charge &c (restrain) 751.
empanel a jury, implead^, join issue; close the pleadings; set down
for hearing.
try, hear a cause; sit in judgment; adjudicate &c 480.
Adj. litigious &c (quarrelsome) 713; qui tam; coram judice [Lat.], sub
judice [Lat.].
Adv. pendente lite [Lat.].
Phr. adhuc sub judice lis est [Lat.]; accedas ad curiam [Lat.];
transeat in exemplum [Lat.].

970. Acquittal -- N. acquittal, acquitment^; clearance, exculpation;
acquittance, clearance, exoneration; discharge &c (release) 750;
quietus, absolution, compurgation^, reprieve, respite; pardon &c
(forgiveness) 918.
[Exemption from punishment] impunity; diplomatic immunity;
immunity; plea bargain, deal with the prosecutor.
[in civil suits] no cause for action; no damages.
V. acquit, exculpate, exonerate, clear; absolve, whitewash, assoil^;
discharge, release; liberate &c 750.
reprieve, respite; pardon &c (forgive) 918; let off, let off scot-
drop the charges.
plea bargain, strike a deal.
no-cause (in civil suits); get no-caused
Adj. acquitted &c v.; uncondemned, unpunished, unchastised.
not guilty; not proven.
not liable.
Phr. nemo bis punitur pro codem delicto [Lat.].

971. Condemnation -- N. condemnation, conviction, judgment, penalty,
sentence; proscription, damnation; death warrant.
attainder, attainture^, attaintment^.
V. condemn, convict, cast, bring home to, find guilty, damn, doom, sign
the death warrant, sentence, pass sentence on, attaint, confiscate,
proscribe, sequestrate; nonsuit^.
disapprove &c 932; accuse &c 938.
stand condemned.
Adj. condemnatory, damnatory^; guilty, condemned &c v.; nonsuited &c
(failure) 732 [Obs.]; self-convicted.
Phr. mutato nomine de te fabula narratur [Lat.]; unrespited, unpitied,
unreprieved [Paradise Lost].

972. Punishment -- N. punishment, punition^; chastisement, chastening;
correction, castigation.
discipline, infliction, trial; judgment; penalty &c 974;
retribution; thunderbolt, Nemesis; requital &c (reward) 973; penology;
retributive justice.
lash, scaffold &c (instrument of punishment) 975; imprisonment &c
(restraint) 751; transportation, banishment, expulsion, exile,
involuntary exile, ostracism; penal servitude, hard labor; galleys &c
975; beating &c v.; flagellation, fustigation^, gantlet, strappado^,
estrapade^, bastinado, argumentum baculinum [Lat.], stick law, rap on
the knuckles, box on the ear; blow &c (impulse) 276; stripe, cuff,
kick, buffet, pummel; slap, slap in the face; wipe, douse; coup de
grace; torture, rack; picket, picketing; dragonnade^.
capital punishment; execution; lethal injection; the gas chamber;
hanging &c v.; electrocution, rail-riding, scarpines^; decapitation,
decollation^; garrotte, garrotto [It]; crucifixion, impalement; firing
squad; martyrdom; auto-da-fe [Fr.]; noyade^; happy dispatch.
[suicide as punishment] hara-kiri, seppuku [Jap.]; drinking the
V. punish; chastise, chasten; castigate, correct, inflict punishment,
administer correction, deal retributive justice; cowhide, lambaste
visit upon, pay; pay out, serve out; do for; make short work of,
give a lesson to, serve one right, make an example of; have a rod in
pickle for; give it one.
strike &c 276; deal a blow to, administer the lash, smite; slap,
slap the face; smack, cuff, box the ears, spank, thwack, thump, beat,
lay on, swinge^, buffet; thresh, thrash, pummel, drub, leather, trounce,
sandbag, baste, belabor; lace, lace one's jacket; dress, dress down,
give a dressing, trim, warm, wipe, tund^, cob, bang, strap, comb, lash,
lick, larrup, wallop, whop, flog, scourge, whip, birch, cane, give the
stick, switch, flagellate, horsewhip, bastinado, towel, rub down with
an oaken towel, rib roast, dust one's jacket, fustigate^, pitch into,
lay about one, beat black and blue; beat to a mummy, beat to a jelly;
give a black eye.
tar and feather; pelt, stone, lapidate^; masthead, keelhaul.
execute; bring to the block, bring to the gallows; behead,
decapitate, guillotine; decollate; hang, turn off, gibbet, bowstring,
hang draw and quarter; shoot; decimate; burn; break on the wheel,
crucify; empale^, impale; flay; lynch; electrocute; gas, send to the gas
torture; put on, put to the rack; picket.
banish, exile, transport, expel, ostracize; rusticate; drum out;
dismiss, disbar, disbench^; strike off the roll, unfrock; post.
suffer, suffer for, suffer punishment; be flogged.
be executed, suffer the ultimate penalty; be hanged &c; come to
the gallows, mount the gallows, swing [Coll.], twist in the wind, dance
upon nothing, die in one's shoes; be rightly served; be electrocuted,
fry [Coll.], ride the lightning [Coll.]; face the firing squad.
Adj. punishing &c v.; penal; punitory^, punitive; inflictive,
castigatory; punished &c v..
Int. a la lanterne! [Fr.],
Phr. culpan paena premit comes [Lat.] [Horace]; eating the bitter bread
of banishment [Richard II]; gravis ira regum est semper [Lat.]
[Seneca]; sera tamen tacitis paena venit pedibus [Lat.] [Tibullus]; suo
sibi gladio hunc jugulo [Lat.] [Terence].

973. Reward -- N. reward, recompense, remuneration, meed, guerdon^,
reguerdon^; price.
[payment for damage or debt] indemnity, indemnification;
quittance; compensation; reparation, redress, satisfaction; reckoning,
acknowledgment, requital, amends, sop; atonement, retribution;
consideration, return, quid pro quo.
salvage, perquisite; vail &c (donation) 784 [Obs.].
douceur [Fr.], bribe; hush money, smart money^; blackmail,
extortion; carcelage^; solatium^.
allowance, salary, stipend, wages, compensation; pay, payment;
emolument; tribute; batta^, shot, scot; bonus, premium, tip; fee,
honorarium; hire; dasturi^, dustoori^; mileage.
crown &c (decoration of honor) 877.
V. reward, recompense, repay, requite; remunerate, munerate^;
compensate; fee; pay one's footing &c (pay) 807; make amends,
indemnify, atone; satisfy, acknowledge.
get for one's pains, reap the fruits of.
Adj. remunerative, remuneratory; munerary^, compensatory, retributive,
reparatory^; rewarding; satisfactory.
Phr. fideli certa merces [Lat.]; honor virtutis praemium [Lat.]
[Cicero]; tibi seris tibi metis [Lat.].

974. Penalty -- N. penalty; retribution &c (punishment) 972; pain,
pains and penalties; weregild^, wergild; peine forte et dure [Fr.];
penance &c (atonement) 952; the devil to pay.
fine, mulct, amercement; forfeit, forfeiture; escheat [Law],
damages, deodand^, sequestration, confiscation, premunire [Lat.];
doomage [U.S.].
V. fine, mulct, amerce, sconce, confiscate; sequestrate, sequester;
escheat [Law]; estreat^, forfeit.

975. [Instrument of punishment.] Scourge -- N. scourge, rod, cane,
stick; ratan^, rattan; birch, birch rod; azote^, blacksnake^, bullwhack
[U.S.], chicote^, kurbash^, quirt, rawhide, sjambok^; rod in pickle;
switch, ferule, cudgel, truncheon.
whip, bullwhip, lash, strap, thong, cowhide, knout; cat, cat
o'nine tails; rope's end.
pillory, stocks, whipping post; cucking stool^, ducking stool;
brank^; trebuchet^, trebuket^.
[instruments of torture: list], triangle, wooden horse, iron
maiden, thumbscrew, boot, rack, wheel, iron heel; chinese water
treadmill, crank, galleys.
scaffold; block, ax, guillotine; stake; cross; gallows, gibbet,
tree, drop, noose, rope, halter, bowstring; death chair, electric
chair; gas chamber; lethal injection; firing squad; mecate^.
house of correction &c (prison) 752.
goaler, jailer; executioner; electrocutioner^; lyncher; hangman;
headsman^; Jack Ketch.



976. Deity -- N. Deity, Divinity; Godhead, Godship^; Omnipotence,
Providence; Heaven (metonymically).
[Quality of being divine] divineness^, divinity.
God, Lord, Jehovah, Jahweh, Allah^; The Almighty, The Supreme
Being, The First Cause, the Prime Mover; Ens Entium [Lat.]; Author of
all things, Creator of all things; Author of our being; Cosmoplast^; El;
The Infinite, The Eternal; The All-powerful, The All-wise, The All-
merciful, The All-holy.
[Attributes and perfections] infinite power, infinite wisdom,
infinite goodness, infinite justice, infinite truth, infinite mercy;
omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence; unity, immutability, holiness,
glory, majesty, sovereignty, infinity, eternity.
The Trinity, The Holy Trinity, The Trinity in Unity, The Triune
God, God the Father Son and Holy Ghost.
God the Father; The Maker, The Creator, The Preserver.
[Functions] creation, preservation, divine government; Theocracy,
Thearchy^; providence; ways of Providence, dealings of Providence,
dispensations of Providence, visitations of Providence.
[Christian God: second person] God the Son, Jesus, Christ; The
Messiah, The Anointed, The Saviour, the Redeemer, The Mediator, The
Intercessor, The Advocate, The Judge; The Son of God, The Son of Man,
The Son of David; The Lamb of God, The Word; Logos; Emmanuel; Immanuel;
The King of Kings and Lord of Lords, The King of Glory, The Prince of
Peace, The Good Shepherd, The Way, The Truth, The Life, The Bread of
Life, The Light of the World; The Lord our, The Sun of Righteousness;
The Pilot of the Galilean lake [Milton].
The Incarnation, The Hypostatic Union.
[Functions] salvation, redemption, atonement, propitiation,
mediation, intercession, judgment.
[Christian God: third person] God the Holy Ghost, The Holy Spirit,
Paraclete [Theo.]; The Comforter, The Spirit of Truth, The Dove.
[Functions] inspiration, unction, regeneration, sanctification,
eon, aeon, special providence, deus ex machina [Lat.]; avatar.
V. create, move, uphold, preserve, govern &c; atone, redeem, save,
propitiate, mediate, &c; predestinate, elect, call, ordain, bless,
justify, sanctify, glorify &c
Adj. almighty, holy, hallowed, sacred, divine, heavenly, celestial;
sacrosanct; all-knowing, all-seeing, all-wise; omniscient.
superhuman, supernatural; ghostly, spiritual, hyperphysical^,
unearthly; theistic, theocratic; anointed; soterial^.
Adj. jure divino [Lat.], by divine right.
Phr. Domine dirige nos [Lat.]; en Dieu est ma fiance [Fr.]; et
sceleratis sol oritur [Lat.] [Seneca]; He mounts the storm and walks
upon the wind [Pope]; Thou great First Cause, least understood [Pope];
sans Dieu rien [Fr.].

977. [Beneficent spirits] Angel -- N. angel, archangel; guardian angel;
heavenly host, host of heaven, sons of God; seraph, seraphim; cherub,
ministering spirit, morning star.
saint, patron saint, Madonna; invisible helpers.
Adj. angelic, seraphic, cherubic; saintly.

978. [Maleficent spirits.] Satan -- N. Satan, the Devil, Lucifer,
Mephistopheles, Ahriman^, Belial; Samael, Zamiel, Beelzebub, the Prince
of the Devils.
the tempter; the evil one, the evil spirit; the Adversary; the
archenemy; the author of evil, the wicked one, the old Serpent; the
Prince of darkness, the Prince of this world, the Prince of the power
of the air; the foul fiend, the arch fiend; the devil incarnate; the
common enemy, the angel of the bottomless pit; Abaddon^, Apollyon^.
fallen angels, unclean spirits, devils; the rulers, the powers of
darkness; inhabitants of Pandemonium; demon &c 980.
diabolism; devilism^, devilship^; diabolology^; satanism, devil
worship; manicheism; the cloven foot.
Adj. satanic, diabolic, devilish; infernal, hellborn^.
Mythological and other fabulous Deities and Powers

979. Jupiter -- N. god, goddess; heathen gods and goddesses; deva^;
Jupiter, Jove &c; pantheon.
Allah^, Bathala^, Brahm^, Brahma^, Brahma^, cloud-compeller, Devi,
Durga, Kali, oread^, the Great Spirit, Ushas; water nymph, wood nymph;
Yama, Varuna, Zeus; Vishnu [Hindu deities], Siva, Shiva, Krishna,
Juggernath^, Buddha; Isis [Egyptian deities], Osiris, Ra; Belus, Bel,
Baal^, Asteroth &c; Thor [Norse deities], Odin; Mumbo Jumbo; good
genius, tutelary genius; demiurge, familiar; sibyl; fairy, fay; sylph,
sylphid; Ariel^, peri, nymph, nereid, dryad, seamaid, banshee, benshie^,
Ormuzd; Oberon, Mab, hamadryad^, naiad, mermaid, kelpie^, Ondine, nixie,
sprite; denizens of the air; pixy &c (bad spirit) 980.
mythology; heathen-mythology, fairy-mythology; Lempriere,
Adj. god-like, fairy-like; sylph-like; sylphic^.
Phr. you moonshine revelers and shades of night [Merry Wives].

980. Demon -- N. demon, daemon, demonry^, demonology; evil genius,
fiend, familiar, daeva^, devil; bad spirit, unclean spirit; cacodemon^,
incubus, Eblis, shaitan^, succubus, succuba; Frankenstein's monster;
Titan, Shedim, Mephistopheles, Asmodeus^, Moloch, Belial, Ahriman^;
fury, harpy; Friar Rush.
vampire, ghoul; afreet^, barghest^, Loki; ogre, ogress; gnome, gin,
jinn, imp, deev^, lamia^; bogie, bogeyman, bogle^; nis^, kobold^,
flibbertigibbet, fairy, brownie, pixy, elf, dwarf, urchin; Puck, Robin
Goodfellow; leprechaun, Cluricaune^, troll, dwerger^, sprite, ouphe^, bad
fairy, nix, nixie, pigwidgeon^, will-o'-the wisp.
[Supernatural appearance] ghost, revenant, specter, apparition,
spirit, shade, shadow, vision; hobglobin, goblin, orc; wraith, spook,
boggart^, banshee, loup-garou [Fr.], lemures^; evil eye.
merman, mermaid, merfolk^; siren; satyr, faun; manito^, manitou,
possession, demonic possession, diabolic possession; insanity &c
[in jest, in science] Maxwell's demon.
[person possessed by a demon] demoniac.
Adj. demonic, demonical, impish, demoniacal; fiendish, fiend-like;
supernatural, weird, uncanny, unearthly, spectral; ghostly, ghost-like;
elfin, elvin^, elfish, elflike^; haunted; pokerish [U.S.].
possessed, possessed by a devil, possessed by a demon.
Adv. demonically.

981. Heaven -- N. heaven; kingdom of heaven, kingdom of God; heavenly
kingdom; throne of God; presence of God; inheritance of the saints in
Paradise, Eden, Zion, abode of the blessed; celestial bliss,
[Mythological heaven] Olympus; Elysium (paradise), Elysian fields,
Arcadia^, bowers of bliss, garden of the Hesperides, third heaven;
Valhalla, Walhalla (Scandinavian); Nirvana (Buddhist); happy hunting
grounds; Alfardaws^, Assama^; Falak al aflak [Ar.] the highest heaven
future state, eternal home, eternal reward.
resurrection, translation; resuscitation &c 660.
apotheosis, deification.
Adj. heavenly, celestial, supernal, unearthly, from on high,
paradisiacal, beatific, elysian.
Phr. looks through nature up to the nature's god [Pope]; the great
world's altarstairs, that slope through darkness up to God [Tennyson];
the treasury of everlasting joy [Henry VI]; vigeur de dessus [Fr.].

982. Hell -- N. hell, bottomless pit, place of torment; habitation of
fallen angels; Pandemonium, Abaddon^, Domdaniel; jahannan^, sheol^.
hell fire; everlasting fire, everlasting torment, eternal
damnation; lake of fire and brimstone; fire that is never quenched;
worm that never dies.
purgatory, limbo, gehenna, abyss.
[Mythological hell] Tartarus, Hades, Avernus [Lat.], Styx, Stygian
creek, pit of Acheron^, Cocytus; infernal regions, inferno, shades
below, realms of Pluto.
Pluto, Rhadamanthus^, Erebus [Lat.]; Tophet.
Adj. hellish, infernal, stygian.
Phr. dies irae dies illa [Lat.]; the hue of dungeons and the scowl of
night [Love's Labor's Lost].


983. [Religious Knowledge.] Theology -- N. theology (natural and
revealed); theogony^, theosophy; divinity; hagiology, hagiography;
Caucasian mystery; monotheism; religion; religious persuasion,
religious sect, religious denomination; creed &c (belief) 484; article
of faith, declaration of faith, profession of faith, confession of
theologue, theologian; scholastic, divine, schoolman^, canonist,
theologist^; the Fathers.
Adj. theological, religious; denominational; sectarian &c 984.

983a. Orthodoxy -- N. orthodoxy; strictness, soundness, religious
truth, true faith; truth &c 494; soundness of doctrine.
Christianity, Christianism^; Catholicism, Catholicity; the faith
once delivered to the saints; hyperorthodoxy &c 984 [Obs.]; iconoclasm.
The Church; Catholic Church, Universal Church, Apostolic Church,
Established Church; temple of the Holy Ghost; Church of Christ, body of
Christ, members of Christ, disciples of Christ, followers of Christ;
Christian, Christian community; true believer; canonist &c (theologian)
983; Christendom, collective body of Christians.
canons &c (belief) 484; thirty nine articles; Apostles' Creed,
Nicene Creed, Athanasian Creed^; Church Catechism; textuary^.
Adj. orthodox, sound, strick^, faithful, catholic, schismless^,
Christian, evangelical, scriptural, divine, monotheistic; true &c 494.
Phr. of the true faith.

984. Heterodoxy [Sectarianism.] -- N. heterodoxy; error &c 495; false
doctrine, heresy, schism; schismaticism^, schismaticalness; recusancy,
backsliding, apostasy; atheism &c (irreligion) 989 [Obs.].
bigotry &c (obstinacy) 606; fanaticism, iconoclasm;
hyperorthodoxy^, precisianism^, bibliolatry^, sabbatarianism^,
puritanism; anthropomorphism; idolatry &c 991; superstition &c
(credulity) 486; dissent &c 489.
sectarism^, sectarianism; noncomformity^; secularism; syncretism^.
[religious sects.] protestantism, Arianism^, Adventism, Jansenism,
Stundism^, Erastianism^, Calvinism, quakerism^, methodism, anabaptism^,
Puseyism, tractarianism^, ritualism, Origenism, Sabellianism,
Socinianism^, Deism, Theism, materialism, positivism, latitudinarianism
&c High Church, Low Church, Broad Church, Free Church; ultramontanism^;
papism, papistry; monkery^; papacy; Anglicanism, Catholicism, Romanism;
popery, Scarlet Lady, Church of Rome, Greek Church.
paganism, heathenism, ethicism^; mythology; polytheism, ditheism^,
tritheism^; dualism; heathendom^.
Judaism, Gentilism^, Islamism, Islam, Mohammedanism, Babism^,
Sufiism, Neoplatonism, Turcism^, Brahminism, Hinduism, Buddhism,
Sabianism, Gnosticism, Hylotheism^, Mormonism; Christian Science.
heretic, apostate, antichrist^; pagan, heathen; painim^, paynim^;
giaour^; gentile; pantheist, polytheist; idolator.
schismatic; sectary, sectarian, sectarist^; seceder, separatist,
recusant, dissenter; nonconformist, nonjuror^.
bigot &c (obstinacy) 606; fanatic, abdal^, iconoclast.
latitudinarian, Deist, Theist, Unitarian; positivist, materialist;
Homoiousian^, Homoousian^, limitarian^, theosophist, ubiquitarian^;
skeptic &c 989.
Protestant; Huguenot; orthodox dissenter, Congregationalist,
Independent; Episcopalian, Presbyterian; Lutheran, Calvinist,
Methodist, Wesleyan; Ana^, Baptist; Mormon, Latter-day Saint^,
Irvingite, Sandemanian, Glassite, Erastian; Sublapsarian,
Supralapsarian^; Gentoo, Antinomian^, Swedenborgian^; Adventist^, Bible
Christian, Bryanite, Brownian, Christian Scientist, Dunker, Ebionite,
Eusebian; Faith Curer^, Curist^; Familist^, Jovinianist, Libadist^,
Quaker, Restitutionist^, Shaker, Stundist, Tunker &c; ultramontane;
Anglican^, Oxford School; tractarian^, Puseyite, ritualist; Puritan.
Catholic, Roman, Catholic, Romanist, papist.
Jew, Hebrew, Rabbinist, Rabbist^, Sadducee; Babist^, Motazilite;
Mohammedan, Mussulman, Moslem, Shiah, Sunni, Wahabi, Osmanli.
Brahmin^, Brahman^; Parsee, Sufi, Buddhist; Magi, Gymnosophist^,
fire worshiper, Sabian, Gnostic, Rosicrucian &c
Adj. heterodox, heretical; unorthodox, unscriptural, uncanonical;
antiscriptural^, apocryphal; unchristian, antichristian^; schismatic,
recusant, iconoclastic; sectarian; dissenting, dissident; secular &c,
(lay) 997.
pagan; heathen, heathenish; ethnic, ethnical; gentile, paynim^;
pantheistic, polytheistic.
Judaical, Mohammedan, Brahminical^, Buddhist &c n.; Romish,
Protestant &c n.. bigoted &c (prejudiced) 481, (obstinate) 606;
superstitious &c (credulous) 486; fanatical; idolatrous &c 991;
visionary &c (imaginative) 515.
Phr. slave to no sect [Pope]; superstitione tollenda religio non
tollitur [Lat.] [Cicero].

985. Judeo-Christian Revelation -- N. revelation, inspiration,
afflatus; theophany^, theopneusty^.
Word, Word of God; Scripture; the Scriptures, the Bible; Holy
Writ, Holy Scriptures; inspired writings, Gospel.
Old Testament, Septuagint, Vulgate, Pentateuch; Octateuch; the
Law, the Jewish Law, the Prophets; major Prophets, minor Prophets;
Hagiographa, Hagiology; Hierographa^; Apocrypha.
New Testament; Gospels, Evangelists, Acts, Epistles, Apocalypse,
Talmud; Mishna, Masorah.
prophet &c (seer) 513; evangelist, apostle, disciple, saint; the
Fathers, the Apostolical Fathers^; Holy Men of old, inspired penmen.
Adj. scriptural, biblical, sacred, prophetic; evangelical,
evangelistic; apostolic, apostolical^; inspired, theopneustic^,
theophneusted^, apocalyptic, ecclesiastical, canonical, textuary^.

986. Pseudo-Revelation -- N. the Koran, the Alcoran^; Lyking^, Vedas,
Zendavesta, Avesta^, Sastra, Shastra, Tantra^, Upanishads, Purana, Edda;
Book of Mormon.
[Non-Biblical prophets and religious founders] Gautama, Buddha;
Zoroaster, Confucius, Bab-ed-Din^, Mohammed.
[Idols] golden calf &c 991; Baal^, Moloch, Dagon.


987. Piety -- N. piety, religion, theism, faith; religiousness,
holiness &c adj.; saintship^; religionism^; sanctimony &c (assumed
piety) 988; reverence &c (respect) 928; humility, veneration, devotion;
prostration &c (worship) 990; grace, unction, edification; sanctity,
sanctitude^; consecration.
spiritual existence, odor of sanctity, beauty of holiness.
theopathy^, beatification, adoption, regeneration, conversion,
justification, sanctification, salvation, inspiration, bread of life;
Body and Blood of Christ.
believer, convert, theist, Christian, devotee, pietist^; the good,
the righteous, the just, the believing, the elect; Saint, Madonna,
Notre Dame [Fr.], Our Lady.
the children of God, the children of the Kingdom, the children of
the light.
V. be pious &c adj.; have faith &c n.; believe, receive Christ; revere
&c 928; be converted &c; convert, edify, sanctify, keep holy, beatify,
regenerate, inspire, consecrate, enshrine.
Adj. pious, religious, devout, devoted, reverent, godly, heavenly-
minded, humble, pure, holy, spiritual, pietistic; saintly, saint-like;
seraphic, sacred, solemn.
believing, faithful, Christian, Catholic.
elected, adopted, justified, sanctified, regenerated, inspired,
consecrated, converted, unearthly, not of the earth.
Phr. ne vile fano [It]; pure-eyed Faith .
thou hovering angel girt with golden wings [Milton].

988. Impiety -- N. impiety; sin &c 945; irreverence; profaneness &c
adj.; profanity, profanation; blasphemy, desecration, sacrilege;
scoffing &c v.. [feigned piety] hypocrisy &c (falsehood) 544; pietism,
cant, pious fraud; lip devotion, lip service, lip reverence;
misdevotion^, formalism, austerity; sanctimony, sanctimoniousness &c
adj.; pharisaism, precisianism^; sabbatism^, sabbatarianism^; odium
theologicum [Lat.], sacerdotalism^; bigotry &c (obstinacy) 606,
(prejudice) 481; blue laws.
hardening, backsliding, declension, perversion, reprobation.
sinner &c 949; scoffer, blasphemer; sacrilegist^; sabbath breaker;
worldling; hypocrite &c (dissembler) 548; Tartufe^, Mawworm^.
bigot; saint [Iron.]; Pharisee; sabbatarian^, formalist, methodist,
puritan, pietist^, precisian^, religionist, devotee; ranter, fanatic,
the wicked, the evil, the unjust, the reprobate; sons of men, sons
of Belial, the wicked one; children of darkness.
V. be impious &c adj., profane, desecrate, blaspheme, revile, scoff;
swear &c (malediction) 908; commit sacrilege.
snuffle; turn up the whites of the eyes; idolize.
Adj. impious; irreligious &c 989; desecrating &c v.; profane,
irreverent, sacrilegious, blasphemous.
un-hallowed, un-sanctified, un-regenerate; hardened, perverted,
hypocritical &c (false) 544; canting, pietistical^, sanctimonious,
unctuous, pharisaical, overrighteous^, righteous over much.
bigoted, fanatical; priest-ridden.
Adv. under the mask of religion, under the cloak of religion, under the
pretense of religion, under the form of religion, under the guise of
Phr. giovane santo diavolo vecchio [It].

989. Irreligion -- N. irreligion^, indevotion^; godlessness, ungodliness
&c adj.; laxity, quietism.
skepticism, doubt; unbelief, disbelief; incredulity,
incredulousness &c adj.^; want of faith, want of belief; pyrrhonism;
bout &c 485; agnosticism.
atheism; deism; hylotheism^; materialism; positivism; nihilism.
infidelity, freethinking, antichristianity^, rationalism; neology.
[person who is not religious] atheist, skeptic, unbeliever, deist,
infidel, pyrrhonist; giaour^, heathen, alien, gentile, Nazarene; espri
fort [Fr.], freethinker, latitudinarian, rationalist; materialist,
positivist, nihilist, agnostic, somatist^, theophobist^.
V. be irreligious &c adj.; disbelieve, lack faith; doubt, question &c
Adj. irreligious; indevout^; undevout^; devoutless^, godless, graceless;
ungodly, unholy, unsanctified^, unhallowed; atheistic, without God.
skeptical, freethinking; unbelieving, unconverted; incredulous,
faithless, lacking faith; deistical; unchristian, antichristian^.
worldly, mundane, earthly, carnal; worldly minded &c
Adv. irreligiously &c adj..


990. Worship -- N. worship, adoration, devotion, aspiration, homage,
service, humiliation; kneeling, genuflection, prostration.
prayer, invocation, supplication, rogation, intercession, orison,
holy breathing; petition &c (request) 765; collect, litany, Lord's
prayer, paternoster [Lat.]; beadroll^; latria^, dulia^, hyperdulia^,
vigils; revival; cult; anxious meeting, camp meeting; ebenezer,
thanksgiving; giving thanks, returning thanks; grace, praise,
glorification, benediction, doxology, hosanna; hallelujah, allelujah^;
Te Deum [Lat.], non nobis Domine [Lat.], nunc dimittis [Lat.]; paean;
benschen [G.]; Ave Maria, O Salutaris, Sanctus [Lat.], The
Annunciation, Tersanctus, Trisagion.
psalm, psalmody; hymn, plain song, chant, chaunt, response,
anthem, motet; antiphon^, antiphony.
oblation, sacrifice, incense, libation; burnt offering, heave
offering, votive offering; offertory.
discipline; self-discipline, self-examination, self-denial;
divine service, office, duty; exercises; morning prayer; mass,
matins, evensong, vespers; undernsong^, tierce^; holyday &c (rites) 998.
worshipper, congregation, communicant, celebrant.
V. worship, lift up the heart, aspire; revere &c 928; adore, do
service, pay homage; humble oneself, kneel; bow the knee, bend the
knee; fall down, fall on one's knees; prostrate oneself, bow down and
pray, invoke, supplicate; put up, offer up prayers, offer
petitions; beseech &c (ask) 765; say one's prayers, tell one's beads.
return thanks, give thanks; say grace, bless, praise, laud,
glorify, magnify, sing praises; give benediction, lead the choir,
intone; deacon, deacon off propitiate [U.S.], offer sacrifice, fast,
deny oneself; vow, offer vows, give alms.
work out one's salvation; go to church; attend service, attend
mass; communicate &c (rite) 998.
Adj. worshipping &c v.; devout, devotional, reverent, pure, solemn;
fervid &c (heartfelt) 821.
Int. hallelujah, allelujah!^, hosanna!, glory be to God!, O Lord!, pray
God that!, God grant, God bless, God save, God forbid!, sursum corda
Phr. making their lives a prayer [Whittier]; ora et labora [Lat.];
prayers ardent open heaven [Young].

991. Idolatry -- N. idolatry, idolism^; demonism^, demonolatry^; idol-
worship, demon-worship, devil-worship, fire-worship; zoolatry,
fetishism, fetichism; ecclesiolatry^, heliolatry, Mariolatry,
deification, apotheosis, canonization; hero worship.
sacrifices, hecatomb, holocaust; human sacrifices, immolation,
mactation^, infanticide, self-immolation, suttee.
idol, golden calf, graven image, fetich, avatar, Juggernath^, lares
et penates [Lat.]; Baal &c 986 [Obs.].
V. worship idols, worship pictures, worship relics; deify, canonize.
Adj. idolatrous.
Phr. adorer le veau d'or [Fr.].

992. Sorcery -- N. sorcery; occult art, occult sciences; magic, the
black art, necromancy, theurgy, thaumaturgy^; demonology, demonomy^,
demonship^; diablerie [Fr.], bedevilment; witchcraft, witchery; glamor;
fetishism, fetichism, feticism^; ghost dance, hoodoo; obi, obiism^;
voodoo, voodooism; Shamanism (Esquimaux), vampirism; conjuration;
bewitchery, exorcism, enchantment, mysticism, second sight, mesmerism,
animal magnetism; od force, odylic force^; electrobiology^,
clairvoyance; spiritualism, spirit rapping, table turning.
divination &c (prediction) 511; sortilege^, ordeal, sortes
Virgilianae^; hocus-pocus &c (deception) 545.
V. practice sorcery &c n.; cast a nativity, conjure, exorcise, charm,
enchant; bewitch, bedevil; hoodoo, voodoo; entrance, mesmerize,
magnetize; fascinate &c (influence) 615; taboo; wave a wand; rub the
ring, rub the lamp; cast a spell; call up spirits, call up spirits from
the vasty deep; raise spirits from the dead.
Adj. magic, magical; mystic, weird, cabalistic, talismanic,
phylacteric^, incantatory; charmed &c v.; Circean, odylic^, voodoo.

993. Spell -- N. spell, charm, incantation, exorcism, weird, cabala^,
exsufflation^, cantrap^, runes, abracadabra, open sesame, countercharm^,
Ephesian letters, bell book and candle, Mumbo Jumbo, evil eye, fee-faw-
talisman, amulet, periapt^, telesm^, phylactery, philter; fetich,
fetish; agnus Dei [Lat.], lamb of God; furcula^, madstone^; mascot,
mascotte^; merrythought^; Om, Aum^; scarab, scarabaeus^; sudarium^,
triskelion, veronica, wishbone; swastika, fylfot^, gammadion^.
wand, caduceus, rod, divining rod, lamp of Aladdin^; wishing-cap,
Fortunatus's cap.

994. Sorcerer -- N. sorcerer, magician; thaumaturgist^, theurgist;
conjuror, necromancer, seer, wizard, witch; hoodoo, voodoo; fairy &c
980; lamia^, hag.
warlock, charmer, exorcist, mage^; cunning man, medicine man;
Shaman, figure flinger, ecstatica^; medium, clairvoyant, fortune teller;
mesmerist; deus ex machina [Lat.]; soothsayer &c 513.
Katerfelto, Cagliostro, Mesmer, Rosicrucian; Circe, siren, weird


995. Churchdom -- N. church, churchdom; ministry, apostleship^,
priesthood, prelacy, hierarch^, church government, christendom, pale of
the church.
clericalism, sacerdotalism^, episcopalianism, ultramontanism^;
theocracy; ecclesiology^, ecclesiologist^; priestcraft^, odium
theologicum [Lat.].
monachism^, monachy^; monasticism, monkhood^.
[Ecclesiastical offices and dignities] pontificate, primacy,
archbishopric^, archiepiscopacy^; prelacy; bishopric, bishopdom^;
episcopate, episcopacy; see, diocese; deanery, stall; canonry,
canonicate^; prebend, prebendaryship^; benefice, incumbency, glebe,
advowson^, living, cure; rectorship^; vicariate, vicarship; deaconry^,
deaconship^; curacy; chaplain, chaplaincy, chaplainship; cardinalate,
cardinalship^; abbacy, presbytery.
holy orders, ordination, institution, consecration, induction,
reading in, preferment, translation, presentation.
popedom^; the Vatican, the apostolic see; religious sects &c 984.
council &c 696; conclave, convocation, synod, consistory, chapter,
vestry; sanhedrim, conge d'elire [Fr.]; ecclesiastical courts,
consistorial court, court of Arches.
V. call, ordain, induct, prefer, translate, consecrate, present.
take orders, take the tonsure, take the veil, take vows.
Adj. ecclesiastical, ecclesiological^; clerical, sacerdotal, priestly,
prelatical, pastoral, ministerial, capitular^, theocratic; hierarchical,
archiepiscopal; episcopal, episcopalian; canonical; monastic, monachal^;
monkish; abbatial^, abbatical^; Anglican^; pontifical, papal, apostolic,
Roman, Popish; ultramontane, priest-ridden.

996. Clergy -- N. clergy, clericals, ministry, priesthood, presbytery,
the cloth, the desk.
clergyman, divine, ecclesiastic, churchman, priest, presbyter,
hierophant^, pastor, shepherd, minister; father, father in Christ;
padre, abbe, cure; patriarch; reverend; black coat; confessor.
dignitaries of the church; ecclesiarch^, hierarch^; ebdomarius
[Lat.]; eminence, reverence, elder, primate, metropolitan, archbishop,
bishop, prelate, diocesan, suffragan^, dean, subdean^, archdeacon,
prebendary, canon, rural dean, rector, parson, vicar, perpetual curate,
residentiary^, beneficiary, incumbent, chaplain, curate; deacon,
deaconess; preacher, reader, lecturer; capitular^; missionary,
propagandist, Jesuit, revivalist, field preacher.
churchwarden, sidesman^; clerk, precentor^, choir; almoner, suisse
[Fr.], verger, beadle, sexton, sacristan; acolyth^, acolothyst^,
acolyte, altar boy; chorister.
[Roman Catholic priesthood] Pope, Papa, pontiff, high priest,
cardinal; ancient flamen^, flamen^; confessor, penitentiary; spiritual
cenobite, conventual, abbot, prior, monk, friar, lay brother,
beadsman^, mendicant, pilgrim, palmer; canon regular, canon secular;
Franciscan, Friars minor, Minorites; Observant, Capuchin, Dominican,
Carmelite; Augustinian^; Gilbertine; Austin Friars^, Black Friars, White
Friars, Gray Friars, Crossed Friars, Crutched Friars; Bonhomme [Fr.],
Carthusian, Benedictine^, Cistercian, Trappist, Cluniac,
Premonstatensian, Maturine; Templar, Hospitaler; Bernardine^, Lorettine,
pillarist^, stylite^.
abbess, prioress, canoness^; religieuse [Fr.], nun, novice,
[Under the Jewish dispensation] prophet, priest, high priest,
Levite; Rabbi, Rabbin, Rebbe; scribe.
[Mohammedan etc.] mullah, muezzin, ayatollah; ulema, imaum^, imam,
sheik; sufi; kahin^, kassis^; mufti, hadji, dervish; fakir, faquir^;
brahmin^, guru, kaziaskier^, poonghie^, sanyasi^; druid, bonze^, santon^,
abdal^, Lama, talapoin^, caloyer^.
V. take orders &c 995.
Adj. the Reverend, the very Reverend, the Right Reverend; ordained, in
orders, called to the ministry.

997. Laity -- N. laity, flock, fold, congregation, assembly, brethren,
people; society [U.S.].
temporality, secularization.
layman, civilian; parishioner, catechumen; secularist.
V. secularize.
Adj. secular, lay, laical, civil, temporal, profane.

998. Rite -- N. rite; ceremony, ritual, liturgy, ceremonial; ordinance,
observance, function, duty; form, formulary; solemnity, sacrament;
incantation &c (spell) 993; service, psalmody &c (worship) 990.
ministration; preaching, preachment; predication, sermon, homily,
lecture, discourse, pastoral.
[Christian ritual for induction into the faith] baptism,
christening, chrism; circumcision; baptismal regeneration; font.
confirmation; imposition of hands, laying on of hands; ordination
&c (churchdom) 995; excommunication.
[Jewish rituals] Bar Mitzvah, Bas Mitzvah [Fr.], Bris.
Eucharist, Lord's supper, communion; the sacrament, the holy
sacrament; celebration, high celebration; missa cantata [Lat.];
asperges^; offertory; introit; consecration; consubstantiation,
transubstantiation; real presence; elements; mass; high mass, low mass,
dry mass.
matrimony &c 903; burial &c 363; visitation of the sick.
seven sacraments, impanation^, subpanation^, extreme unction,
viaticum, invocation of saints, canonization, transfiguration,
auricular confession; maceration, flagellation, sackcloth and ashes;
penance &c (atonement) 952; telling of beads, processional;
thurification^, incense, holy water, aspersion.
relics, rosary, beads, reliquary, host, cross, rood, crucifix, pax
[Lat.], pyx, agnus Dei [Lat.], censer, thurible, patera^; eileton^, Holy
Grail; prayer machine, prayer wheel; Sangraal^, urceus^.
ritualism, ceremonialism; sabbatism^, sabbatarianism^; ritualist,
holyday, feast, fast.
[Christian holy days] Sabbath, Pentecost; Advent, Christmas,
Epiphany; Lent; Passion week, Holy week; Easter, Easter Sunday,
Whitsuntide; agape, Ascension Day, Candlemas^, Ash Wednesday, Good
Friday, Holy Thursday; Lammas, Martinmas, Michaelmas; All SAint's DAy,
All Souls' Day.
[Moslem holy days] Ramadan, Ramazan; Bairam &c &c [Jewish holy
days] Passover; Shabuoth; Yom Kippur, Day of Atonement; Rosh Hashana,
New Year; Hanukkah, Chanukkah, Feast of Lights; Purim, Feast of lots.
V. perform service [ritual actions of clergy], do duty, minister,
officiate, baptize, dip, sprinkle; anoint, confirm, lay hands on; give
the sacrament, administer the sacrament; administer extreme unction;
hear confession, administer holy penance, shrive; excommunicate, ban
with bell book and candle.
[ritual actions of believers] attend services, attend mass, go to
mass, hear mass; take the sacrament, receive the sacrament, receive
communion, attend the sacrament, partake of the sacrament, partake of
communion; communicate; receive extreme unction; confess, go to
confession, receive penance; anele^.
[teaching functions of clergy] preach, sermonize, predicate,
Adj. ritual, ritualistic; ceremonial; baptismal, eucharistical;
Phr. what art thou, thou idol ceremony? [Henry V].

999. Canonicals -- N. canonicals, vestments; robe, gown, Geneva gown
frock, pallium, surplice, cassock, dalmatic^, scapulary^, cope, mozetta^,
scarf, tunicle^, chasuble, alb^, alba^, stole; fanon^, fannel^; tonsure,
cowl, hood; calote^, calotte^; bands; capouch^, amice^; vagas^, vakas^,
vakass^; apron, lawn sleeves, pontificals^, pall; miter, tiara, triple
crown; shovel hat, cardinal's hat; biretta; crosier; pastoral staff,
thurifer^; costume &c 225.

1000. Temple -- N. place of worship; house of God, house of prayer.
temple, cathedral, minster^, church, kirk, chapel, meetinghouse,
bethel^, tabernacle, conventicle, basilica, fane^, holy place, chantry^,
synagogue; mosque; marabout^; pantheon; pagoda; joss house^;
dogobah^, tope; kiosk; kiack^, masjid^.
[clergymen's residence] parsonage, rectory, vicarage, manse,
deanery, glebe; Vatican; bishop's palace; Lambeth.
altar, shrine, sanctuary, Holy of Holies, sanctum sanctorum
[Lat.], sacristy; sacrarium^; communion table, holy table, Lord's table;
table of the Lord; pyx; baptistery, font; piscina^, stoup; aumbry^;
sedile^; reredos; rood loft, rood screen.
[parts of a church: list] chancel, quire, choir, nave, aisle,
transept, vestry, crypt, golgotha, calvary, Easter sepulcher; stall,
pew; pulpit, ambo^, lectern, reading desk, confessional, prothesis^,
credence, baldachin, baldacchino^; apse, belfry; chapter house;
presbytery; anxious-bench, anxious-seat; diaconicum [Lat.], jube^;
mourner's bench, mourner's seat.
[exterior adjacent to a church] cloisters, churchyard.
monastery, priory, abbey, friary, convent, nunnery, cloister.
Adj. claustral, cloistered; monastic, monasterial; conventual.
Phr. ne vile fano [It]; there's nothing ill can dwell in such a temple

End of of E-Thesaurus

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