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Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases: Body by Roget

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petition, suit, prayer; begging letter, round robin.
motion, overture, application, canvass, address, appeal,
apostrophe; imprecation; rogation; proposal, proposition.
orison &c (worship) 990; incantation &c (spell) 993.
mendicancy; asking, begging &c v.; postulation, solicitation,
invitation, entreaty, importunity, supplication, instance, impetration^,
imploration^, obsecration^, obtestation^, invocation, interpellation.
V. request, ask; beg, crave, sue, pray, petition, solicit, invite, pop
the question, make bold to ask; beg leave, beg a boon; apply to, call
to, put to; call upon, call for; make a request, address a request,
prefer a request, put up a request, make a prayer, address a prayer,
prefer a prayer, put up a prayer, make a petition, address a petition,
prefer a petition, put up a petition; make application, make a
requisition; ask trouble, ask one for; claim &c (demand) 741; offer up
prayers &c (worship) 990; whistle for.
beg hard, entreat, beseech, plead, supplicate, implore; conjure,
adjure; obtest^; cry to, kneel to, appeal to; invoke, evoke; impetrate^,
imprecate, ply, press, urge, beset, importune, dun, tax, clamor for;
cry aloud, cry for help; fall on one's knees; throw oneself at the feet
of; come down on one's marrowbones.
beg from door to door, send the hat round, go a begging;
mendicate^, mump^, cadge, beg one's bread.
dance attendance on, besiege, knock at the door.
bespeak, canvass, tout, make interest, court; seek, bid for &c
(offer) 763; publish the banns.
Adj. requesting &c v.; precatory^; suppliant, supplicant, supplicatory;
postulant; obsecratory^.
importunate, clamorous, urgent; cap in hand; on one's knees, on
one's bended knees, on one's marrowbones.
Adv. prithee, do, please, pray; be so good as, be good enough; have the
goodness, vouchsafe, will you, I pray thee, if you please.
Int. for God's sake!, for heaven's sake!, for goodness' sake!, for
mercy's sake!,
Phr. Dieu vous garde [Fr.]; dirigenos Domine [Lat.]; would you be so
kind as to.

766. [Negative request.] Deprecation -- N. deprecation, expostulation;
intercession, mediation, protest, remonstrance.
V. deprecate, protest, expostulate, enter a protest, intercede for;
Adj. deprecatory, expostulatory^, intercessory, mediatorial^.
deprecated, protested.
unsought, unbesought^; unasked &c (ask) &c 765.
Int. cry you mercy!, God forbid!, forbid it Heaven!, Heaven forefend,
Heaven forbid!, far be it from!, hands off!, &c (prohibition) 761;
please don't.

767. Petitioner -- N. petitioner, solicitor, applicant; suppliant,
supplicant; suitor, candidate, claimant, postulant, aspirant,
competitor, bidder; place hunter, pot hunter; prizer^; seeker.
beggar, mendicant, moocher, panhandler, freeloader, sponger,
mumper^, sturdy beggar, cadger; hotel runner, runner, steerer [U.S.],
tout, touter^.
[poor person] pauper, homeless person, hobo, bum, tramp, bindle
stiff, bo, knight of the road (poverty) 804; hippie, flower child; hard
core unemployed; welfare client, welfare case.
canvasser, bagman &c 758; salesman.


768. Promise -- N. promise, undertaking, word, troth, plight, pledge,
parole, word of honor, vow; oath &c (affirmation) 535; profession,
assurance, warranty, guarantee, insurance, obligation; contract &c 769;
engagement, preengagement; affiance; betroth, betrothal,
V. promise; give a promise &c n.; undertake, engage; make an
engagement, form an engagement; enter into an engagement, enter on an
engagement; bind oneself, tie oneself, pledge oneself, commit oneself,
take upon oneself; vow; swear &c (affirm) 535, give one's word, pass
one's word, pledge one's word, plight one's word, give one's honor,
pass one's honor, pledge one's honor, plight one's honor, give credit,
pass credit, pledge credit, plight credit, give troth, pass troth,
pledge troth, plight troth; betroth, plight faith.
assure, warrant, guarantee; covenant &c 769; attest &c (bear
witness) 467.
hold out an expectation; contract an obligation; become bound to,
become sponsor for; answer for, be answerable for; secure; give
security &c 771; underwrite.
adjure, administer an oath, put to one's oath, swear a witness.
Adj. promising &c v.; promissory; votive; under hand and seal, upon
promised &c v.; affianced, pledged, bound; committed, compromised;
in for it.
Adv. as one's head shall answer for.
Phr. in for a penny in for a pound; ex voto [Lat.]; gage d'amour.

768a. Release from engagement -- N. release &c (liberation) 750.
Adj. absolute; unconditional &c (free) 748.

769. Compact -- N. compact, contract, agreement, bargain; affidation^;
pact, paction^; bond, covenant, indenture; bundobast^, deal.
stipulation, settlement, convention; compromise, cartel.
Protocol, treaty, concordat, Zollverein [G.], Sonderbund [G.],
charter, Magna Charta [Lat.], Progmatic Sanction, customs union, free
trade region; General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, GATT; most
favored nation status.
negotiation &c (bargaining) 794; diplomacy &c (mediation) 724;
negotiator &c (agent) 758.
ratification, completion, signature, seal, sigil [Lat.], signet.
V. contract, covenant, agree for; engage &c (promise) 768.
treat, negotiate, stipulate, make terms; bargain &c (barter) 794.
make a bargain, strike a bargain; come to terms, come to an
understanding; compromise &c 774; set at rest; close, close with;
conclude, complete, settle; confirm, ratify, clench, subscribe,
underwrite; endorse, indorse; put the seal to; sign, seal &c (attest)
467; indent.
take one at one's word, bargain by inch of candle.
Adj. agreed &c v.; conventional; under hand and seal.
Phr. caveat emptor.

770. Conditions -- N. conditions, terms; articles, articles of
agreement; memorandum.
clauses, provisions; proviso &c (qualification) 469; covenant,
stipulation, obligation, ultimatum, sine qua non; casus foederris
V. make terms, come to terms &c (contract) 769; make it a condition,
stipulate, insist upon, make a point of; bind, tie up.
Adj. conditional, provisional, guarded, fenced, hedged in.
Adv. conditionally &c (with qualification) 469; provisionally, pro re
nata [Lat.]; on condition; with a string to it.

771. Security -- N. security; guaranty, guarantee; gage, warranty,
bond, tie, pledge, plight, mortgage, collateral, debenture,
hypothecation, bill of sale, lien, pawn, pignoration^; real security;
stake, deposit, earnest, handsel, caution.
promissory note; bill, bill of exchange; I.O.U.; personal
security, covenant, specialty; parole &c (promise) 768.
acceptance, indorsement^, signature, execution, stamp, seal.
sponsor, cosponsor, sponsion^, sponsorship; surety, bail;
mainpernor^, hostage; godchild, godfather, godmother.
recognizance; deed of indemnity, covenant of indemnity.
authentication, verification, warrant, certificate, voucher,
docket, doquet^; record &c 551; probate, attested copy.
receipt; acquittance, quittance; discharge, release.
muniment^, title deed, instrument; deed, deed poll; assurance,
indenture; charter &c (compact) 769; charter poll; paper, parchment,
settlement, will, testament, last will and testament, codicil.
V. give security, give bail, give substantial bail; go bail; pawn,
impawn^, spout, mortgage, hypothecate, impignorate^.
guarantee, warrant, warrantee, assure; accept, indorse,
underwrite, insure; cosign, countersign, sponsor, cosponsor.
execute, stamp; sign, seal &c (evidence) 467.
let, sett^; grant a lease, take a lease, hold a lease; hold in
pledge; lend on security &c 787.
Phr. bonis avibus [Lat.]; gone where the woodbine twineth.

772. Observance -- N. observance, performance, compliance,
acquiescence, concurrence; obedience &c 743; fulfillment, satisfaction,
discharge; acquittance, acquittal.
adhesion, acknowledgment; fidelity &c (probity) 939; exact &c 494;
V. observe, comply with, respect, acknowledge, abide by; cling to,
adhere to, be faithful to, act up to; meet, fulfill; carry out, carry
into execution; execute, perform, keep, satisfy, discharge; do one's
perform an obligation, fulfill an obligation, discharge an
obligation, acquit oneself of an obligation; make good; make good one's
word, make good one's promise, keep one's word, keep one's promise;
redeem one's pledge; keep faith with, stand to one's engagement.
Adj. observant, faithful, true, loyal; honorable &c 939; true as the
dial to the sun, true as the needle to the pole; punctual, punctilious;
literal &c (exact) 494; as good as one's word.
Adv. faithfully &c adj..
Phr. ignoscito saepe alteri nunquam tibi [Lat.]; tempori parendum
[Lat.]; to God, thy country, and thy friend be true [Vaughan].

773. Nonobservance -- N. nonobservance &c 772; evasion, inobservance,
failure, omission, neglect, laches [Law], laxity, informality.
infringement, infraction; violation, transgression; piracy.
retraction, retractation^, repudiation, nullification; protest;
lawlessness; disobedience &c 742; bad faith &c 940.
V. fail, neglect, omit, elude, evade, give the go-by to, set aside,
ignore; shut one's eyes to, close one's eyes to.
infringe, transgress, violate, pirate, break, trample under foot,
do violence to, drive a coach and six through.
discard, protest, repudiate, fling to the winds, set at naught,
nullify, declare null and void; cancel &c (wipe off) 552.
retract, go back from, be off, forfeit, go from one's word,
palter; stretch a point, strain a point.
Adj. violating &c v.; lawless, transgressive; elusive, evasive.
unfulfilled &c (fulfill) &c 772.

774. Compromise -- N. compromise, commutation, composition; middle
term, mezzo termine [It]; compensation &c 30; abatement of differences,
adjustment, mutual concession.
V. compromise, commute, compound; take the mean; split the difference,
meet one halfway, give and take; come to terms &c (contract) 769;
submit to arbitration, abide by arbitration; patch up, bridge over,
arrange; straighten out, adjust, differences, agree; make the best of,
make a virtue of necessity; take the will for the deed.


1. Property in general

775. Acquisition -- N. acquisition; gaining &c v.; obtainment;
procuration^, procurement; purchase, descent, inheritance; gift &c 784.
recovery, retrieval, revendication^, replevin [Law], restitution &c
790; redemption, salvage, trover [Law].
find, trouvaille^, foundling.
gain, thrift; money-making, money grubbing; lucre, filthy lucre,
pelf; loaves and fishes, the main chance; emolument &c (remuneration)
profit, earnings, winnings, innings, pickings, net profit; avails;
income &c (receipt) 810; proceeds, produce, product; outcome, output;
return, fruit, crop, harvest; second crop, aftermath; benefit &c (good)
sweepstakes, trick, prize, pool; pot; wealth &c 803.
subreption [Fraudulent acquisition]; obreption^; stealing &c 791.
V. acquire, get, gain, win, earn, obtain, procure, gather; collect &c
(assemble) 72; pick, pickup; glean.
find; come upon, pitch upon, light upon; scrape up, scrape
together; get in, reap and carry, net, bag, sack, bring home, secure;
derive, draw, get in the harvest.
profit; make profit, draw profit, turn a quick profit; turn to
profit, turn to account; make capital out of, make money by; obtain a
return, reap the fruits of; reap an advantage, gain an advantage; turn
a penny, turn an honest penny; make the pot boil, bring grist to the
mill; make money, coin money, raise money; raise funds, raise the wind;
fill one's pocket &c (wealth) 803.
treasure up &c (store) 636; realize, clear; produce &c 161; take
&c 789.
get back, recover, regain, retrieve, revendicate^, replevy [Law],
redeem, come by one's own.
come by, come in for; receive &c 785; inherit; step into a
fortune, step into the shoes of; succeed to.
get hold of, get between one's finger and thumb, get into one's
hand, get at; take possession, come into possession, enter into
be profitable &c adj.; pay, answer.
accrue &c (be received) 785.
Adj. acquiring, acquired &c v.; profitable, advantageous, gainful,
remunerative, paying, lucrative.
Phr. lucri causa [Lat.].

776. Loss -- N. loss; deperdition^, perdition; forfeiture, lapse.
privation, bereavement; deprivation &c (dispossession) 789;
riddance; damage, squandering, waste.
V. lose; incur a loss, experience a loss, meet with a loss; miss;
mislay, let slip, allow to slip through the fingers; be without &c
(exempt) 777.1; forfeit.
get rid of &c 782; waste &c 638.
be lost; lapse.
Adj. losing &c v.; not having &c 777.1.
shorn of, deprived of; denuded, bereaved, bereft, minus, cut off;
dispossessed &c 789; rid of, quit of; out of pocket.
lost &c v.; long lost; irretrievable &c (hopeless) 859; off one's
Int. farewell to!, adieu to.

777. Possession -- N. possession, seizin [Law], seisin [Law]; ownership
&c 780; occupancy; hold, holding; tenure, tenancy, feodality^,
dependency; villenage, villeinage^; socage^, chivalry, knight service.
exclusive possession, impropriation^, monopoly, retention &c 781;
prepossession, preoccupancy^; nine points of the law; corner,
future possession, heritage, inheritance, heirship, reversion,
fee, seigniority^; primogeniture, ultimogeniture^.
futures contract [right of future possession; financial
instruments], warrant, put, call, option; right of first refusal.
bird in hand, uti possidetis [Lat.], chose in possession.
V. possess, have, hold, occupy, enjoy; be possessed of &c adj.; have in
hand &c adj.; own &c 780; command.
inherit; come to, come in for.
engross, monopolize, forestall, regrate^, impropriate^, have all to
oneself; corner; have a firmhold of &c (retain) 781 [Obs.]; get into
one's hand &c (acquire) 775.
belong to, appertain to, pertain to; be in one's possession &c
adj.; vest in.
Adj. possessing &c v.; worth; possessed of, seized of, master of, in
possession of; usucapient^; endowed with, blest with, instinct with,
fraught with, laden with, charged with.
possessed &c v.; on hand, by one; in hand, in store, in stock; in
one's hands, in one's grasp, in one's possession; at one's command, at
one's disposal; one's own &c (property) 780.
unsold, unshared.
Phr. entbehre gern was du nicht hast [G.]; meum et tuum [Lat.]; tuum
est [Lat.].

777a. Exemption -- N. exemption; absence &c 187; exception, immunity,
privilege, release.
V. not have &c 777; be without &c adj.; excuse.
Adj. exempt from, devoid of, without, unpossessed of^, unblest with^;
immune from.
not having &c 777; unpossessed^; untenanted &c (vacant) 187;
without an owner.
unobtained^, unacquired.

778. [Joint possession.] Participation -- N. participation; cotenancy^,
joint tenancy; occupancy in common, possession in common, tenancy in
common; joint stock, common stock; co-partnership, partnership;
communion; community of possessions, community of goods; communism,
socialism; cooperation &c 709.
snacks, coportion^, picnic, hotchpot^; co-heirship, co-parceny^, co-
parcenary; gavelkind^.
participator, sharer; co-partner, partner; shareholder; co-tenant,
joint tenant; tenants in common; co-heir, co-parcener^.
communist, socialist.
V. participate, partake; share, share in; come in for a share; go
shares, go snacks, go halves; share and share alike.
have in common, possess in common, be seized in common, have as
joint tenants, possess as joint tenants, be seized as joint tenants &c
n.. join in; have a hand in &c (cooperate) 709.
Adj. partaking &c v.; communistic.
Adv. share and share alike.

779. Possessor -- N. possessor, holder; occupant, occupier; tenant;
person in possession, man in possession &c 777; renter, lodger, lessee,
underlessee^; zemindar^, ryot^; tenant on sufferance, tenant at will,
tenant from year to year, tenant for years, tenant for life.
owner; proprietor, proprietress, proprietary; impropriator^,
master, mistress, lord.
land holder, land owner, landlord, land lady, slumlord; lord of
the manor, lord paramount; heritor, laird, vavasour^, landed gentry,
mesne lord^; planter.
cestui-que-trust [Fr.], beneficiary, mortgagor.
grantee, feoffee^, releasee [Law], relessee^, devisee; legatee,
trustee; holder of the legal estate &c; mortgagee.
right owner, rightful owner.
[Future possessor] heir presumptive, heir apparent; heiress;
inheritor, inheritress, inheritrix; reversioner^, remainderman^.

780. Property -- N. property, possession, suum cuique [Lat.], meum et
tuum [Lat.].
ownership, proprietorship, lordship; seignority^; empire &c
(dominion) 737.
interest, stake, estate, right, title, claim, demand, holding;
tenure &c (possession) 777; vested interest, contingent interest,
beneficial interest, equitable interest; use, trust, benefit; legal
estate, equitable estate; seizin [Law], seisin [Law].
absolute interest, paramount estate, freehold; fee tail, fee
simple; estate in fee, estate in tail, estate tail; estate in tail
male, estate in tail female, estate in tail general.
limitation, term, lease, settlement, strict settlement, particular
estate; estate for life, estate for years, estate pur autre vie [Fr.];
remainder, reversion, expectancy, possibility.
dower, dowry, jointure^, appanage, inheritance, heritage,
patrimony, alimony; legacy &c (gift) 784; Falcidian law, paternal
estate, thirds.
assets, belongings, means, resources, circumstances; wealth &c
803; money &c 800; what one is worth, what one will cut up for; estate
and effects.
landed property, landed real estate property; realty; land, lands;
tenements; hereditaments; corporeal hereditaments, incorporeal
hereditaments; acres; ground &c (earth) 342; acquest^, messuage, toft^.
territory, state, kingdom, principality, realm, empire,
protectorate, sphere of influence.
manor, honor, domain, demesne; farm, plantation, hacienda;
allodium &c (free) 748 [Obs.]; fief, fieff^, feoff^, feud, zemindary^,
dependency; arado^, merestead^, ranch.
free lease-holds, copy lease-holds; folkland^; chattels real;
fixtures, plant, heirloom; easement; right of common, right of user.
personal property, personal estate, personal effects; personalty,
chattels, goods, effects, movables; stock, stock in trade; things,
traps, rattletraps, paraphernalia; equipage &c 633.
parcels, appurtenances.
impedimenta; luggage, baggage; bag and baggage; pelf; cargo,
rent roll; income &c (receipts) 810; maul and wedges [U.S.].
patent, copyright; chose in action; credit &c 805; debt &c 806.
V. possess &c 777; be the possessor of &c 779, own; have for one's own,
have for one's very own; come in for, inherit.
savor of the realty.
be one's property &c n.; belong to; appertain to, pertain to.
Adj. one's own; landed, predial^, manorial, allodial^; free lease-hold,
copy lease-hold; feudal, feodal^.
Adv. to one's credit, to one's account; to the good.
to one and his heirs for ever, to one and the heirs of his body,
to one and his heirs and assigns, to one and his executors
administrators and assigns.

781. Retention -- N. retention; retaining &c v.; keep, detention,
custody; tenacity, firm hold, grasp, gripe, grip, iron grip.
fangs, teeth, claws, talons, nail, unguis, hook, tentacle,
tenaculum; bond &c (vinculum) 45.
clutches, tongs, forceps, pincers, nippers, pliers, vice.
paw, hand, finger, wrist, fist, neaf^, neif^.
bird in hand; captive &c 754.
V. retain, keep; hold fast one's own, hold tight one's own, hold fast
one's ground, hold tight one's ground; clinch, clench, clutch, grasp,
gripe, hug, have a firm hold of.
secure, withhold, detain; hold back, keep back; keep close;
husband &c (store) 636; reserve; have in stock, have on hand, keep in
stock &c (possess) 777; entail, tie up, settle.
Adj. retaining &c v.; retentive, tenacious.
unforfeited^, undeprived, undisposed, uncommunicated.
incommunicable, inalienable; in mortmain [Fr.]; in strict
Phr. uti possidetis [Lat.].

782. Relinquishment -- N. relinquishment, abandonment &c (of a course)
624; renunciation, expropriation^, dereliction; cession, surrender,
dispensation; quitclaim deed; resignation &c 757; riddance.
derelict &c adj.; foundling; jetsam, waif.
discards, culls, rejects; garbage, refuse, rubbish.
V. relinquish, give up, surrender, yield, cede; let go, let slip;
spare, drop, resign, forego, renounce, abandon, expropriate^, give away,
dispose of, part with; lay aside, lay apart, lay down, lay on the shelf
&c (disuse) 678; set aside, put aside, put away; make away with, cast
behind; maroon.
give notice to quit, give warning; supersede; be rid of, get rid
of, be quit of, get quit of; eject &c 297.
rid oneself of, disburden oneself of, divest oneself of,
dispossess oneself of; wash one's hands of.
discard, cast off, dismiss; cast away, throw away, pitch away,
fling away, cast aside, cast overboard, cast to the dogs, throw aside,
throw overboard, throw to the dogs, pitch aside, pitch overboard, pitch
to the dogs, fling aside, fling overboard, fling to the dogs; cast to
the winds, throw to the winds, sweep to the winds; put away, turn away,
sweep away; jettison; reject.
quit one's hold, quitclaim.
Adj. relinquished &c v.; cast off, derelict; unowned, unappropriated,
unculled; left &c (residuary) 40.
Int. away with!,

2. Transfer of Property

783. Transfer -- N. transfer, conveyance, assignment, alienation,
abalienation^; demise, limitation; conveyancing^; transmission &c
(transference) 270; enfeoffment^, bargain and sale, lease and release;
exchange &c (interchange) 148; barter &c 794; substitution &c 147.
succession, reversion; shifting use, shifting trust; devolution.
V. transfer, convey; alienate, alien; assign; grant &c (confer) 784;
consign; make over, hand over; pass, hand, transmit, negotiate; hand
down; exchange &c (interchange) 148.
change hands, change hands from one to another; devolve, succeed;
come into possession &c (acquire) 775.
abalienate^; disinherit; dispossess &c 789; substitute &c 147.
Adj. alienable, negotiable.
Phr. estate coming into possession.

784. Giving -- N. giving &c v.; bestowal, bestowment^, donation;
presentation, presentment; accordance; concession; delivery,
consignment, dispensation, communication, endowment; investment,
investiture; award.
almsgiving^, charity, liberality, generosity.
[Thing given] gift, donation, present, cadeau^; fairing; free gift,
boon, favor, benefaction, grant, offering, oblation, sacrifice,
immolation; lagniappe [U.S.], pilon [U.S.].
grace, act of grace, bonus.
allowance, contribution, subscription, subsidy, tribute,
bequest, legacy, devise, will, dotation^, dot, appanage; voluntary
settlement, voluntary conveyance &c 783; amortization.
alms, largess, bounty, dole, sportule^, donative^, help, oblation,
offertory, honorarium, gratuity, Peter pence, sportula^, Christmas box,
Easter offering, vail^, douceur [Fr.], drink money, pourboire, trinkgeld
[G.], bakshish^; fee &c (recompense) 973; consideration.
bribe, bait, ground bait; peace offering, handsel; boodle [Slang],
graft, grease [Slang]; blat [Rus.].
giver, grantor &c v.; donor, feoffer^, settlor.
V. deliver, hand, pass, put into the hands of; hand over, make over,
deliver over, pass over, turn over; assign dower.
present, give away, dispense, dispose of; give out, deal out, dole
out, mete out, fork out, squeeze out.
pay &c 807; render, impart, communicate.
concede, cede, yield, part with, shed, cast; spend &c 809.
give, bestow, confer, grant, accord, award, assign.
intrust, consign, vest in.
make a present; allow, contribute, subscribe, furnish its quota.
invest, endow, settle upon; bequeath, leave, devise.
furnish, supply, help; administer to; afford, spare; accommodate
with, indulge with, favor with; shower down upon; lavish, pour on,
thrust upon.
tip, bribe; tickle the palm, grease the palm; offer &c 763;
sacrifice, immolate.
Adj. giving &c v.; given &c v.; allowed, allowable; concessional^;
communicable; charitable, eleemosynary, sportulary^, tributary; gratis
&c 815; donative^.
Phr. auctor pretiosa facit [Lat.]; ex dono [Lat.]; res est ingeniosa
dare [Lat.] [Ovid].

785. Receiving -- N. receiving &c v.; acquisition &c 775; reception &c
(introduction) 296; suscipiency^, acceptance, admission.
recipient, accipient^; assignee, devisee; legatee, legatary^;
grantee, feoffee^, donee [Fr.], releasee [Law], relessee^, lessee;
sportulary^, stipendiary; beneficiary; pensioner, pensionary^;
income &c (receipt) 810.
V. receive; take &c 789; acquire &c 775; admit.
take in, catch, touch; pocket; put into one's pocket, put into
one's purse; accept; take off one's hands.
be received; come in, come to hand; pass into one's hand, fall
into one's hand; go into one's pocket; fall to one's lot, fall to one's
share; come to one, fall to one; accrue; have given to one &c 784.
Adj. receiving &c v.; recipient, suscipient^.
received &c v.; given &c 784; secondhand.
not given, unbestowed &c (give), (bestow) &c 784.

786. Apportionment -- N. apportionment, allotment, consignment,
assignment, appointment; appropriation; dispensation, distribution;
division, deal; repartition, partition; administration.
dividend, portion, contingent, share, allotment, fair share,
allocation, lot, measure, dose; dole, meed, pittance; quantum, ration;
ratio, proportion, quota, modicum, mess, allowance; suerte^.
V. apportion, divide; distribute, administer, dispense; billet, allot,
detail, cast, share, mete; portion out, parcel out, dole out; deal,
allocate, ration, ration out; assign; separate &c 44.
partition, assign, appropriate, appoint.
come in for one's share &c (participate) 778.
Adj. apportioning &c v.; respective.
Adv. respectively, each to each.

787. Lending -- N. lending &c v.; loan, advance, accommodation,
feneration^; mortgage, second mortgage, home loan &c (security) 771;
investment; note, bond, commercial paper.
mont de piete [Fr.], pawnshop, my uncle's.
lender, pawnbroker, money lender; usurer, loan shark.
loaner (of item loaned).
V. lend, advance, accommodate with; lend on security; loan; pawn &c
(security) 771.
intrust, invest; place out to interest, put out to interest.
let, demise, lease, sett^, underlet.
Adj. lending &c v.; lent &c v.; unborrowed &c (borrowed) &c 788 [Obs.].
Adv. in advance; on loan, on security.

788. Borrowing -- N. borrowing, pledging.
borrowed plumes; plagiarism &c (thieving) 791.
replevin [Law].
V. borrow, desume^.
hire, rent, farm; take a lease, take a demise; take by the hour,
take by the mile, take by the year &c; hire by the hour, hire by the
mile, hire by the year &c; adopt, apply, appropriate, imitate, make use
of, take.
raise money, take up money; raise the wind; fly a kite, borrow
from Peter to pay Paul; run into debt &c (debt) 806.
replevy [Law].

789. Taking -- N. taking &c v.; reception &c (taking in) 296;
deglutition &c (taking food) 298; appropriation, prehension,
prensation^; capture, caption; apprehension, deprehension^; abreption^,
seizure, expropriation, abduction, ablation; subtraction, withdrawal &c
38; abstraction, ademption^; adrolepsy^.
dispossession; deprivation, deprivement^; bereavement; divestment;
disherison^; distraint, distress; sequestration, confiscation; eviction
&c 297.
rapacity, rapaciousness, extortion, vampirism; theft &c 791.
resumption; reprise, reprisal; recovery &c 775.
clutch, swoop, wrench; grip &c (retention) 781; haul, take, catch;
taker, captor.
[Descent of one of the earth's crustal plates under another plate]
subduction [Geol.].
V. take, catch, hook, nab, bag, sack, pocket, put into one's pocket;
receive; accept.
reap, crop, cull, pluck; gather &c (get) 775; draw.
appropriate, expropriate, impropriate^; assume, possess oneself of;
take possession of; commandeer; lay one's hands on, clap one's hands
on; help oneself to; make free with, dip one's hands into, lay under
contribution; intercept; scramble for; deprive of.
take away, carry away, bear away, take off, carry off, bear off;
adeem^; abstract; hurry off with, run away with; abduct; steal &c 791;
ravish; seize; pounce upon, spring upon; swoop to, swoop down upon;
take by storm, take by assault; snatch, reave^.
snap up, nip up, whip up, catch up; kidnap, crimp, capture, lay
violent hands on.
get hold of, lay hold of, take hold of, catch hold of, lay fast
hold of, take firm hold of; lay by the heels, take prisoner; fasten
upon, grip, grapple, embrace, gripe, clasp, grab, clutch, collar,
throttle, take by the throat, claw, clinch, clench, make sure of.
catch at, jump at, make a grab at, snap at, snatch at; reach, make
a long arm, stretch forth one's hand.
take from, take away from; disseize^; deduct &c 38; retrench &c
(curtail) 201; dispossess, ease one of, snatch from one's grasp; tear
from, tear away from, wrench from, wrest from, wring from; extort;
deprive of, bereave; disinherit, cut off with a shilling.
oust &c (eject) 297; divest; levy, distrain, confiscate;
sequester, sequestrate; accroach^; usurp; despoil, strip, fleece, shear,
displume^, impoverish, eat out of house and home; drain, drain to the
dregs; gut, dry, exhaust, swallow up; absorb &c (suck in) 296; draw
off; suck the blood of, suck like a leech.
retake, resume; recover &c 775.
Adj. taking &c v.; privative^, prehensile; predaceous, predal^,
predatory, predatorial^; lupine, rapacious, raptorial; ravenous;
bereft &c 776.
Adv. at one fell swoop.
Phr. give an inch and take an ell.

790. Restitution -- N. restitution, return; rendition, reddition^;
restoration; reinvestment, recuperation; rehabilitation &c
(reconstruction) 660; reparation, atonement; compensation,
release, replevin [Law], redemption; recovery &c (getting back)
775; remitter, reversion.
V. return, restore; give back, carry back, bring back; render, render
up; give up; let go, unclutch; disgorge, regorge^; regurgitate; recoup,
reimburse, compensate, indemnify; remit, rehabilitate; repair &c (make
good) 660.
reinvest, revest, reinstate.
redeem, recover &c (get back) 775; take back again.
revest, revert.
Adj. restoring &c v.; recuperative &c 660.
Phr. suum cuique [Lat.].

791. Stealing -- N. stealing &c v.; theft, thievery, latrociny^,
direption^; abstraction, appropriation; plagiary, plagiarism;
autoplagiarism^; latrocinium^.
spoliation, plunder, pillage; sack, sackage^; rapine, brigandage,
foray, razzia^, rape, depredation, raid; blackmail.
piracy, privateering, buccaneering; license to plunder, letters of
marque, letters of mark and reprisal.
filibustering, filibusterism^; burglary; housebreaking; badger game
robbery, highway robbery, hold-up [U.S.], mugging.
peculation, embezzlement; fraud &c 545; larceny, petty larceny,
grand larceny, shoplifting.
thievishness, rapacity, kleptomania, Alsatia^, den of Cacus, den of
blackmail, extortion, shakedown, Black Hand [U.S.].
[person who commits theft] thief &c 792.
V. steal, thieve, rob, mug, purloin, pilfer, filch, prig, bag, nim^,
crib, cabbage, palm; abstract; appropriate, plagiarize.
convey away, carry off, abduct, kidnap, crimp; make off with, walk
off with, run off with; run away with; spirit away, seize &c (lay
violent hands on) 789.
plunder, pillage, rifle, sack, loot, ransack, spoil, spoliate^,
despoil, strip, sweep, gut, forage, levy blackmail, pirate, pickeer^,
maraud, lift cattle, poach; smuggle, run; badger [Slang]; bail up, hold
up, stick up; bunco, bunko, filibuster.
swindle, peculate, embezzle; sponge, mulct, rook, bilk, pluck,
pigeon, fleece; defraud &c 545; obtain under false pretenses; live by
one's wits.
rob Peter to pay Paul, borrow of Peter to pay Paul; set a thief to
catch a thief.
disregard the distinction between meum and tuum [Lat.].
[receive stolen goods] fence, launder, launder money.
Adj. thieving &c v.; thievish, light-fingered; furacious^, furtive;
piratical; predaceous, predal^, predatory, predatorial^; raptorial &c
(rapacious) 789.
stolen &c v..
Phr. sic vos non vobis [Lat.].

792. Thief -- N. thief, robber, homo triumliterarum [Lat.], pilferer,
rifler, filcher^, plagiarist.
spoiler, depredator, pillager, marauder; harpy, shark [Slang],
land shark, falcon, mosstrooper^, bushranger^, Bedouin^, brigand,
freebooter, bandit, thug, dacoit^; pirate, corsair, viking, Paul Jones^,
buccaneer, buccanier^; piqueerer^, pickeerer^; rover, ranger, privateer,
filibuster; rapparee^, wrecker, picaroon^; smuggler, poacher; abductor,
badger [Slang], bunko man, cattle thief, chor^, contrabandist^, crook,
hawk, holdup man, hold-up [U.S.], jackleg [U.S.], kidnaper, rustler,
cattle rustler, sandbagger, sea king, skin [Slang], sneak thief,
spieler^, strong-arm man [U.S.].
highwayman, Dick Turpin, Claude Duval, Macheath, footpad, sturdy
cut purse, pick purse; pickpocket, light-fingered gentry; sharper;
card sharper, skittle sharper; thimblerigger; rook [Slang], Greek,
blackleg, leg, welsher [Slang]; defaulter; Autolycus^, Jeremy Diddler^,
Robert Macaire, artful dodger, trickster; swell mob [Slang], chevalier
d'industrie [Fr.]; shoplifter.
swindler, peculator; forger, coiner; fence, receiver of stolen
goods, duffer; smasher.
burglar, housebreaker; cracksman^, magsman [Slang]; Bill Sikes,
Jack Sheppard, Jonathan Wild.
gang [group of thieves], gang of thieves, theft ring; organized
crime, mafia, the Sicilian Mafia, the mob, la cosa nostra [It].
[famous thieves], Dillinger, Al Capone; Robin Hood.

793. Booty -- N. booty, spoil, plunder, prize, loot, swag [Slang],
pickings; spolia opima [Lat.], prey; blackmail; stolen goods.
Adj. manubial^.

3. Interchange of Property

794. Barter -- N. barter, exchange, scorse^, truck system; interchange
&c 148.
a Roland for an Oliver; quid pro quo; commutation, composition;
Indian gift [U.S.].
trade, commerce, mercature^, buying and selling, bargain and sale;
traffic, business, nundination^, custom, shopping; commercial
enterprise, speculation, jobbing, stockjobbing^, agiotage^, brokery^.
deal, dealing, transaction, negotiation, bargain.
free trade.
V. barter, exchange, swap, swop^, truck, scorse^; interchange &c 148;
commutate &c (substitute) 147; compound for.
trade, traffic, buy and sell, give and take, nundinate^; carry on a
trade, ply a trade, drive a trade; be in business, be in the city; keep
a shop, deal in, employ one's capital in.
trade with, deal with, have dealings with; transact business with,
do business with; open an account with, keep an account with.
bargain; drive a bargain, make a bargain; negotiate, bid for;
haggle, higgle^; dicker [U.S.]; chaffer, huckster, cheapen, beat down;
stickle, stickle for; out bid, under bid; ask, charge; strike a bargain
&c (contract) 769.
speculate, give a sprat to catch a herring; buy in the cheapest
and sell in the dearest market, buy low and sell high; corner the
market; rig the market, stag the market.
Adj. commercial, mercantile, trading; interchangeable, marketable,
staple, in the market, for sale.
wholesale, retail.
Adv. across the counter.
Phr. cambio non e furto [It].

795. Purchase -- N. purchase, emption^; buying, purchasing, shopping;
preemption, refusal.
coemption^, bribery; slave trade.
buyer, purchaser, emptor, vendee; patron, employer, client,
customer, clientele.
V. buy, purchase, invest in, procure; rent &c (hire) 788; repurchase,
buy in.
keep in one's pay, bribe, suborn; pay &c 807; spend &c 809.
make a purchase, complete a purchase; buy over the counter.
shop, market, go shopping.
Adj. purchased &c v..
Phr. caveat emptor; the customer is always right.

796. Sale -- N. sale, vent, disposal; auction, roup, Dutch auction;
outcry, vendue^; custom &c (traffic) 794.
vendibility, vendibleness^.
seller; vender, vendor; merchant &c 797; auctioneer.
V. sell, vend, dispose of, effect a sale; sell over the counter, sell
by auction &c n.; dispense, retail; deal in &c 794; sell off, sell out;
turn into money, realize; bring to the hammer, bring under the hammer,
put up to auction, put up for auction; offer for sale, put up for sale;
hawk, bring to market; offer &c 763; undersell.
let; mortgage &c (security) 771.
Adj. under the hammer, on the market, for sale.
salable, marketable, vendible; unsalable &c unpurchased^, unbought;
on one's hands.
Phr. chose qui plait est a demi vendue [Fr.].

797. Merchant -- N. merchant, trader, dealer, monger, chandler,
salesman; changer; regrater^; shopkeeper, shopman^; tradesman,
tradespeople, tradesfolk.
retailer; chapman, hawker, huckster, higgler^; pedlar, colporteur,
cadger, Autolycus^; sutler^, vivandiere^; costerman^, costermonger^;
tallyman; camelot; faker; vintner.
money broker, money changer, money lender; cambist^, usurer,
moneyer^, banker.
jobber; broker &c (agent) 758; buyer &c 795; seller &c 796; bear,
concern; firm &c (partnership) 712.

798. Merchandise -- N. merchandise, ware, commodity, effects, goods,
article, stock, product, produce, staple commodity; stock in trade &c
(store) 636; cargo &c (contents) 190.

799. Mart -- N. mart; market, marketplace; fair, bazaar, staple,
exchange, change, bourse, hall, guildhall; tollbooth, customhouse;
stall, booth, stand, newsstand; cart, wagon.
wharf; office, chambers, countinghouse, bureau; counter, compter
shop, emporium, establishment; store &c 636; department store,
general store, five and ten, variety store, co-op, finding store
[U.S.], grindery warehouse^.
[food stores: list] grocery, supermarket, candy store, sweet shop,
confectionery, bakery, greengrocer, delicatessen, bakeshop, butcher
shop, fish store, farmers' market, mom and pop store, dairy, health
food store.
[specialized stores: list] tobacco shop, tobacco store,
tobacconists, cigar store, hardware store, jewelry shop, bookstore,
liquor store, gun shop, rod and reel shop, furniture store, drugstore,
chemist's [Brit.], florist, flower shop, shoe store, stationer,
stationer's, electronics shop, telephone store, music store, record
shop, fur store, sporting goods store, video store, video rental store;
lumber store, lumber yard, home improvements store, home improvement
center; gas station, auto repair shop, auto dealer, used car dealer.
mall, suburban mall, commons, pedestrian mall; shopping street.
surplus store, army-navy surplus store.
[locations where used articles are sold] auction; flea market;
yard sale, garage sale; pawn shop; antiques store; second-hand store,
second time around shop, thrift shop.
warehouse, wareroom^; depot, interposit^, entrepot [Fr.].
real-estate broker.
vending machine.

799a. Stock Market [specialized markets for financial instruments] --
N. stock market, stock exchange, securities exchange; bourse, board;
the big board, the New York Stock Exchange; the market, the open
market; over-the-counter market; privately traded issues.
commodities exchange, futures exchange, futures market.
the pit, the floor.
ticker, stock ticker, quotation; stock index, market index, the
Dow Jones Index, the Dow Industrials, the transportation index,
utilities, the utilities index; the New York Stock Exchange index, the
Nikkei index [Jap.Tr.]; the Financial Times index, the FTI [Brit.], the
over-the-counter index, NASDAQ index.
[person or firm trading securities] broker, stockbroker, jobber,
stock dealer, odd-lot dealer; specialist.
[person who buys or sells stocks] investor, speculator, operator;
bull, buyer; bear, short seller; scalper, arbitrager^, arbitrageur^;
stockholder, share-holder, stockholder of record; bond holder, coupon-
clipper [Sarc.].
investment; speculation.
V. speculate, invest, trade, trade stocks, play the market; buy long,
sell short, take a position, straddle; take a plunge, plunge in, take a
flier [Coll.].

799b. Securities -- N. securities, stocks, common stock, preferred
stock, bonds, puts, calls, options, option contract, warrants,
commercial paper, bearer bond, tax-exempt bond, callable bond,
convertable bond^.
share, stock certificate; coupon, bond coupon.
liquid assets.

4. Monetary Relations

800. Money -- N. money, legal tender; money matters, money market;
finance; accounts &c 811; funds, treasure; capital, stock; assets &c
(property) 780; wealth &c 803; supplies, ways and means, wherewithal,
sinews of war, almighty dollar, needful, cash; mammon.
[colloquial terms for money] dough, cabbage.
money-like instruments, M1, M2, sum, amount; balance, balance
sheet; sum total; proceeds &c (receipts) 810.
currency, circulating medium, specie, coin, piece [Fr.], hard
cash, cold cash; dollar, sterling coin; pounds shillings and pence;
Ls.d.; pocket, breeches pocket, purse; money in hand, cash at hand;
ready money, ready cash; slug [U.S.], wad [Slang] wad of bills [U.S.],
wad of money, thick wad of bills, roll of dough [Coll.]; rhino^, blunt^,
dust^, mopus^, tin^, salt^, chink^; argent comptant [Lat.]; bottom
dollar, buzzard dollar^; checks, dibs [Slang].
[specific types of currency] double eagle, eagle; Federal
currency, fractional currency, postal currency; Federal Reserve Note,
United States Note, silver certificate^, gold certificate^; long bit,
short bit [U.S.]; moss, nickel, pile [Slang], pin money, quarter
[U.S.], red cent, roanoke^, rock [Slang]; seawan^, seawant^; thousand
dollars, grand [Coll.].
[types of paper currency, U.S.] single, one-dollar bill; two-
dollar bill; five-dollar bill, fiver [Coll.], fin [Coll.], Lincoln;
ten-dollar bill, sawbuck; twenty-dollar bill, Jackson, double sawbuck;
fifty-dollar bill; hundred-dollar bill, C-note.
[types of U.S. coins: list] penny, cent, Lincoln cent, indian head
penny, copper [1700-1900]; two-cent piece three-cent piece [Fr.], half-
dime^, nickel, buffalo nickel, V nickel^, dime, disme^, mercury dime^,
quarter, two bits, half dollar, dollar, silver dollar, Eisenhower
dollar, Susan B.
Anthony dollar^.
precious metals, gold, silver, copper, bullion, ingot, nugget.
petty cash, pocket money, change, small change, small coin, doit^,
stiver^, rap, mite, farthing, sou, penny, shilling, tester, groat,
guinea; rouleau^; wampum; good sum, round sum, lump sum; power of money,
plum, lac of rupees.
major coin, crown; minor coin.
monetarist, monetary theory.
[Science of coins] numismatics, chrysology^.
[coin scholar or collector] numismatist.
paper money, greenback; major denomination, minor denomination;
money order, postal money order, Post Office order; bank note; bond;
bill, bill of exchange; order, warrant, coupon, debenture, exchequer
bill, assignat^; blueback [U.S.], hundi^, shinplaster [U.S.].
note, note of hand; promissory note, I O U; draft, check, cheque,
back-dated check; negotiable order of withdrawal, NOW.
remittance &c (payment) 807; credit &c 805; liability &c 806.
drawer, drawee^; obligor^, obligee^; moneyer^, coiner.
false money, bad money; base coin, flash note, slip^, kite [Slang];
fancy stocks; Bank of Elegance.
argumentum ad crumenam [Lat.].
letter of credit.
circulation, multiplier effect.
[variation in the value of currency] inflation, double-digit
inflation, hyperinflation, erosion of the currency, debasement of the
currency; deflation; stagflation.
[relative value of two currencies] exchange rate, rate of
exchange, floating exchange rates, fixed rates.
[place to exchange currencies] currency counter, currency
exchange, bureau de change [Fr.].
gold-backed currency, gold standard, silver standard.
bank account, savings account, checking account, money market
account, NOW account, time deposit, deposit, demand deposit, super NOW
account; certificate of deposit, CD.
[money symbols] $ [U.S.], US$ [U.S.]; Y; A$.
[authorities controlling currency] Federal Reserve Bank [U.S.],
central bank [U.S.]; Federal Reserve Board, board of governors of the
Federal Reserve; Treasury Department; Secret Service.
[place where money is manufactured] mint, bureau of engraving.
[government profit in manufacturing money] seigniorage.
[false money] counterfeit, funny money, bogus money, (falsehood)
[cost of money] interest, interest rate, discount rate.
V. amount to, come to, mount up to; touch the pocket; draw, draw upon;
indorse &c (security) 771; issue, utter; discount &c 813; back;
demonetize, remonetize; fiscalize^, monetize.
circulate, be in circulation; be out of circulation.
[manufacture currency] mint (coins), coin; print (paper currency).
[vary the value of money] inflate, deflate; debase; devalue,
[vary the amount of money] circulate, put in circulation; withdraw
from circulation.
[change the type of currency] exchange currencies, change money.
charge interest; pay interest; lose interest.
Adj. monetary, pecuniary, crumenal^, fiscal, financial, sumptuary,
numismatic, numismatical^; sterling; nummary^.
Phr. barbarus ipse placet dummodo sit dives [Lat.] [Ovid]; but the
jingling of the guinea helps the hurt that honor feels [Tennyson]; Gelt
regiert die Welt [G.], money rules the world, money makes the world go
round; nervos belli pecuniam infinitam [Lat.] [Cicero]; redet Geld so
schweigt die Welt [G.]; money is the mother's milk of politics [Tip
O'Neill]; money is the root of all evil; money isn't everything; as
phony as a three-dollar bill; don't take any wooden nickels.

801. Treasurer -- N. treasurer; bursar, bursary; purser, purse bearer;
cash keeper, banker; depositary; questor^, receiver, steward, trustee,
accountant, Accountant General, almoner, liquidator, paymaster,
cashier, teller; cambist^; money changer &c (merchant) 797.
Secretary of the Treasury; Chancellor of the Exchequer, minister
of finance.

802. Treasury -- N. treasury, bank, exchequer, fisc, hanaper^; cash
register, kutcherry^, bursary; strong box, strong hold, strong room;
coffer; chest &c (receptacle) 191; safe; bank vault; depository &c 636;
till, tiller; purse; money bag, money box; porte-monnaie [Fr.].
purse strings; pocket, breeches pocket.
sinking fund; stocks; public stocks, public funds, public
securities, parliamentary stocks, parliamentary funds, parliamentary
securities; Consols, credit mobilier [Fr.]; bonds.

803. Wealth -- N. wealth, riches, fortune, handsome fortune, opulence,
affluence; good circumstances, easy circumstances; independence;
competence &c (sufficiency) 639; solvency.
provision, livelihood, maintenance; alimony, dowry; means,
resources, substance; property &c 780; command of money.
income &c 810; capital, money; round sum &c (treasure) 800; mint
of money, mine of wealth, El Dorado [Sp.], bonanza, Pacatolus,
Golconda, Potosi.
long purse, full purse, well lined purse, heavy purse, deep
pockets; purse of Fortunatus [Lat.]; embarras de richesses [Fr.].
pelf, Mammon, lucre, filthy lucre; loaves and fishes^.
rich man, moneyed man, warm man; man of substance; capitalist,
millionaire, tippybob [Slang], Nabob, Croesus, idas, Plutus, Dives,
Timon of Athens^; Timocracy, Plutocracy; Danae.
V. be rich &c adj.; roll in wealth, roll in riches, wallow in wealth,
wallow in riches.
afford, well afford; command money, command a sum; make both ends
meet, hold one's head above water.
become rich &c adj.; strike it rich; come into a sum of money,
receive a windfall, receive an inheritance, hit the jackpot, win the
lottery; fill one's pocket &c (treasury) 802; feather one's nest, make
a fortune; make money &c (acquire) 775.
enrich, imburse.
worship the golden calf, worship Mammon.
Adj. wealthy, rich, affluent, opulent, moneyed, monied, worth much;
well to do, well off; warm; comfortable, well, well provided for.
made of money; rich as Croesus, filthy rich, rich as a Jew^;
rolling in riches, rolling in wealth.
flush, flush of cash, flush of money, flush of tin [Slang]; in
funds, in cash, in full feather; solvent, pecunious^, out of debt, in
the black, all straight.
Phr. one's ship coming in.
amour fait beaucoup mais argent fait tout [Fr.], love does much
but money does everything; aurea rumpunt tecta quietem [Lat.] [Seneca];
magna servitus ist magna fortuna [Lat.]; mammon, the least erected
spirit that fell from Heaven [Paradise Lost]; opum furiata cupido
[Lat.] [Ovid]; vera prosperita e non aver necessita [It]; wie gewonnen
so zerronnen [G.].

804. Poverty -- N. poverty, indigence, penury, pauperism, destitution,
want; need, neediness; lack, necessity, privation, distress,
difficulties, wolf at the door.
bad circumstances, poor circumstances, need circumstances,
embarrassed circumstances, reduced circumstances, straightened
circumstances; slender means, narrow means; straits; hand to mouth
existence, res angusta domi [Lat.], low water, impecuniosity.
beggary; mendicancy, mendicity^; broken fortune, loss of fortune;
insolvency &c (nonpayment) 808.
empty pocket, empty purse; light purse; beggarly account of empty
[poor people] poor man, pauper, mendicant, mumper^, beggar,
starveling; pauvre diable [Fr.]; fakir^, schnorrer^; homeless person.
V. be poor &c adj.; want, lack, starve, live from hand to mouth, have
seen better days, go down in the world, come upon the parish; go to the
dogs, go to wrack and ruin; not have a penny &c (money) 800, not have a
shot in one's locker; beg one's bread; tirer le diable par la queue
[Fr.]; run into debt &c (debt) 806.
render poor &c adj.; impoverish; reduce, reduce to poverty;
pauperize, fleece, ruin, bring to the parish.
Adj. poor, indigent; poverty-stricken; badly off, poorly off, ill off;
poor as a rat, poor as a church mouse, poor as a Job; fortuneless^,
dowerless^, moneyless^, penniless; unportioned^, unmoneyed^; impecunious;
out of money, out of cash, short of money, short of cash; without a
rap, not worth a rap &c (money) 800; qui n'a pas le sou [Fr.], out of
pocket, hard up; out at elbows, out at heels; seedy, bare-footed;
beggarly, beggared; destitute; fleeced, stripped; bereft, bereaved;
reduced; homeless.
in want &c n.; needy, necessitous, distressed, pinched,
straitened; put to one's shifts, put to one's last shifts; unable to
keep the wolf from the door, unable to make both ends meet;
embarrassed, under hatches; involved &c (in debt) 806; insolvent &c
(not paying) 808.
Adv. in forma pauperis [Lat.].
Phr. zonam perdidit [Lat.]; a penniless lass wi' a lang pedigree [Lady
Nairne]; a pobreza no hay verguenza [Sp.]; he that is down can fall no
lower [Butler]; poca roba poco pensiero [It]; steeped .
in poverty to the very lips [Othello]; the short and simple annals
of the poor [Gray].

805. Credit -- N. credit, trust, tick, score, tally, account.
letter of credit, circular note; duplicate; mortgage, lien,
debenture, paper credit, floating capital; draft, lettre de creance
[Fr.], securities.
creditor, lender, lessor, mortgagee; dun; usurer.
credit account, line of credit, open line of credit.
credit card.
V. keep an account with, run up an account with; intrust, credit,
place to one's credit, credit to one's account, place to one's
account^; give credit, take credit; fly a kite^.
Adj. crediting, credited; accredited.
Adv. on credit &c n.; on account; to the account of, to the credit of;
a compte [Fr.].

806. Debt -- N. debt, obligation, liability, indebtment^, debit, score.
bill; check; account (credit) 805.
arrears, deferred payment, deficit, default, insolvency &c
(nonpayment) 808; bad debt.
interest; premium; usance^, usury; floating debt, floating capital.
debtor, debitor^; mortgagor; defaulter &c 808; borrower.
V. be in debt &c adj.; owe; incur a debt, contract a debt &c n.; run up
a bill, run up a score, run up an account; go on tick; borrow &c 788;
run into debt, get into debt, outrun the constable; run up debts, run
up bills (spend) 809.
answer for, go bail for.
[notify a person of his indebtedness: ] bill, charge.
Adj. indebted; liable, chargeable, answerable for.
in debt, in embarrassed circumstances, in difficulties;
incumbered, involved; involved in debt, plunged in debt, deep in debt,
over one's head in debt, over head and ears in debt; deeply involved;
fast tied up; insolvent &c (not paying) 808; minus, out of pocket.
unpaid; unrequited, unrewarded; owing, due, in arrear^,
outstanding; past due.
Phr. aes alienum debitorem leve gravius inimicum facit [Lat.]; neither
a borrower nor a lender be [Hamlet].

807. Payment -- N. payment, defrayment^; discharge; acquittance,
quittance; settlement, clearance, liquidation, satisfaction, reckoning,
acknowledgment, release; receipt, receipt in full, receipt in full
of all demands; voucher.
salary, compensation, remuneration (reward) 973.
repayment, reimbursement, retribution; pay &c (reward) 973; money
paid &c (expenditure) 809.
ready money &c (cash) 800; stake, remittance, installment.
payer, liquidator &c 801.
pay cash, pay cash on the barrelhead.
V. pay, defray, make payment; paydown, pay on the nail, pay ready
money, pay at sight, pay in advance; cash, honor a bill, acknowledge;
redeem; pay in kind.
pay one's way, pay one's shot, pay one's footing; pay the piper,
pay sauce for all, pay costs; do the needful; shell out, fork out;
cough up [Coll.], fork over; come down with, come down with the dust;
tickle the palm, grease the palm; expend &c 809; put down, lay down.
discharge, settle, quit, acquit oneself of; foot the bill; account
with, reckon with, settle with, be even with, be quits with; strike a
balance; settle accounts with, balance accounts with, square accounts
with; quit scores; wipe off old scores, clear off old scores; satisfy;
pay in full; satisfy all demands, pay in full of all demands; clear,
liquidate; pay up, pay old debts.
disgorge, make repayment; repay, refund, reimburse, retribute^;
make compensation &c 30.
pay by credit card, put it on the plastic.
Adj. paying &c; paid &c v.; owing nothing, out of debt, all straight;
unowed^, never indebted.
Adv. to the tune of; on the nail, money down.

808. Nonpayment -- N. nonpayment; default, defalcation; protest,
repudiation; application of the sponge^; whitewashing.
insolvency, bankruptcy, failure; insufficiency &c 640; run upon a
bank; overdrawn account.
waste paper bonds; dishonored bills, protested bills; bogus check,
bogus cheque, rubber check.
bankrupt, insolvent, debtor, lame duck, man of straw, welsher,
stag, defaulter, levanter^.
V. not pay &c 807; fail, break, stop payment; become insolvent, become
bankrupt; be gazetted.
protest, dishonor, repudiate, nullify, refuse payment.
pay under protest; button up one's pockets, draw the purse
strings; apply the sponge; pay over the left shoulder, get whitewashed;
swindle &c 791; run up bills, fly kites.
Adj. not paying, non-paying, non-performing; in debt &c 806;
behindhand, in arrear^, behind in payments, in arrears; beggared &c
(poor) 804; unable to make both ends meet, minus; worse than nothing;
insolvent, bankrupt, in the gazette, gazetted.
unpaid &c (outstanding) 806; gratis &c 815; unremunerated.

809. Expenditure -- N. expenditure, money going out; out goings, out
lay; expenses, disbursement; prime cost &c (price) 812; circulation;
run upon a bank.
payment &c 807 [Money paid]; pay &c (remuneration) 973; bribe &c
973; fee, footing, garnish; subsidy; tribute; contingent, quota;
donation &c 784.
pay in advance, earnest, handsel, deposit, installment.
investment; purchase &c 795.
V. expend, spend; run through, get through; pay, disburse; ante, ante
up; pony up [U.S.]; open the purse strings, loose the purse strings,
untie the purse strings; lay out, shell out [Slang], fork out [Slang],
fork over; bleed; make up a sum, invest, sink money.
run up debts, run up bills (debt) 806.
fee &c (reward) 973; pay one's way &c (pay) 807; subscribe &c
(give) 784; subsidize.
Adj. expending, expended &c v.; sumptuary.
Phr. vectigalia nervos esse reipublicae [Lat.] [Cicero].

810. Receipt -- N. receipt, value received, money coming in; income,
incomings, innings, revenue, return, proceeds; gross receipts, net
profit; earnings &c (gain) 775; accepta^, avails.
rent, rent roll; rental, rentage^; rack-rent.
premium, bonus; sweepstakes, tontine.
pension, annuity; jointure &c (property) 780 [Obs.]; alimony,
palimony [Coll.], pittance; emolument &c (remuneration) 973.
V. receive &c 785; take money; draw from, derive from; acquire &c 775;
take &c 789.
bring in, yield, afford, pay, return; accrue &c (be received from)
Adj. receiving, received &c v.; profitable &c (gainful) 775.

811. Accounts -- N. accounts, accompts^; commercial arithmetic, monetary
arithmetic; statistics &c (numeration) 85; money matters, finance,
budget, bill, score, reckoning, account.
books, account book, ledger; day book, cash book, pass book;
journal; debtor and creditor account, cash account, running account;
account current; balance, balance sheet; compte rendu [Fr.], account
settled, acquit, assets, expenditure, liabilities, outstanding
accounts; profit and loss account, profit and loss statement, receipts.
bookkeeping, accounting, double entry bookkeeping, reckoning.
[person who keeps accounts] accountant, auditor, actuary,
bookkeeper, bean counter [Sarc.]; financier &c 801; accounting party;
chartered accountant, certified accountant; accounting firm, auditing
V. keep accounts, enter, post, book, credit, debit, carry over; take
stock; balance accounts, make up accounts, square accounts, settle
accounts, wind up accounts, cast up accounts; make accounts square,
square accounts.
bring to book, tax, surcharge and falsify.
audit, field audit; check the books, verify accounts.
falsify an account, garble an account, cook an account, cook the
books, doctor an account.
Adj. monetary &c 800; accountable, accounting.

812. Price -- N. price, amount, cost, expense, prime cost, charge,
figure; demand, damage; fare, hire, wages &c (remuneration) 973; value
&c 812.1.
dues, duty, toll, tax, impost, cess^, sess^, tallage^, levy;
abkari^; capitation tax, poll tax; doomage [U.S.], likin^; gabel^,
gabelle^; gavel, octroi^, custom, excise, assessment, benevolence,
tithe, tenths, exactment^, ransom, salvage, tariff; brokerage, wharfage,
bill &c (account) 811; shot.
V. bear a price, set a price, fix a price; appraise, assess, doom
[U.S.], price, charge, demand, ask, require, exact, run up; distrain;
run up a bill &c (debt) 806; have one's price; liquidate.
amount to, come to, mount up to; stand one in.
fetch, sell for, cost, bring in, yield, afford.
Adj. priced &c v.; to the tune of, ad valorem; dutiable; mercenary,
Phr. no penny no paternoster [Lat.]; point d'argent point de Suisse
[Fr.], no longer pipe no longer dance, no song no supper, if you dance
you have to pay the piper, you get what you pay for, there's no such
thing as a free lunch.
one may have it for; a bon marche [Fr.].

812a. Value [intrinsic worth] -- N. {ant.
to 812b} worth, rate, value, intrinsic value, quality; par value.
[estimated value] valuation, appraisal, assessment, appraisement.
[value as estimated in a market] price current, market price,
quotation; fair price, going price; what it will fetch &c v.; what the
market will bear.
money's worth; penny's worth &c; worth.
cost (price) 812.
V. value, esteem; appreciate.
[estimate value] appraise, evaluate, assess.
Adj. valuable, estimable; worthwhile; worthy, full of worth.
precious (expensive) 814.
Phr. worth the price; worth a king's ransom; accountants who know the
price of everything and the value of nothing.

812b. Worthlessness -- N. {ant.
to 812a} worthlessness, valuelessness^; lack of value; uselessness.
[low value] cheapness, shoddiness; low quality, poor quality.
[worthless item] trash, garbage.
Adj. worthless, valueless; useless.
[of low value] cheap, shoddy; slapdash.
inexpensive &c 815.
Phr. not worth the paper it's printed on, not worth a sou.

813. Discount -- N. discount, abatement, concession, reduction,
depreciation, allowance; qualification, set-off, drawback, poundage,
agio^, percentage; rebate, rebatement^; backwardation, contango^;
salvage; tare and tret^.
sale, bargain; half price; price war.
wholesale, wholesale price; dealer's price; trade price.
coupon, discount coupon, cents-off coupon; store coupon,
manufacturer's coupon; double coupon discount, triple coupon discount.
V. discount, bate; abate, rebate; reduce, price down, mark down take
off, allow, give, make allowance; tax.
Adj. discounting &c v..
Adv. at a discount, below par; at wholesale; have a friend in the

814. Dearness -- N. dearness &c adj.; high price, famine price, fancy
price; overcharge; extravagance; exorbitance, extortion; heavy pull
upon the purse.
V. be dear &c adj.; cost much, cost a pretty penny; rise in price, look
[demand a price in excess of value] overcharge, bleed, fleece,
[pay a price in excess of value] pay too much, pay through the
nose, pay too dear for one's whistle, pay top dollar.
Adj. dear; high, high priced; of great price, expensive, costly,
precious; worth a Jew's eye^, dear bought.
at a premium.
not to be had, not to be had for love or money; beyond price,
above price, priceless, of priceless value.
[priced in excess of value] unreasonable, extravagant, exorbitant,
extortionate; overpriced, more than it's woth.
Adv. dear, dearly; at great cost, heavy cost; a grands frais [Fr.].
Phr. prices looking up; le jeu ne vaut pas la chandelle [Fr.]; le cout
en ote le gout [Fr.]; vel prece vel pretio [Lat.]; too high a price to
pay, not worth it.

815. Cheapness -- N. cheapness, low price; depreciation; bargain; good
penny worth &c; snap [U.S.].
[Absence of charge] gratuity; free quarters, free seats, free
admission, pass, free pass, free warren, give-away, freebee [Coll.];
run of one's teeth; nominal price, peppercorn rent; labor of love.
drug in the market; deadhead^.
V. be cheap &c adj.; cost little; come down in price, fall in price.
buy for a mere nothing, buy for an old song; have one's money's
Adj. cheap; low, low priced; moderate, reasonable; inexpensive,
unexpensive^; well worth the money, worth the money; magnifique et pas
cher [Fr.]; good at the price, cheap at the price; dirt cheap, dog
cheap; cheap, cheap as dirt, cheap and nasty; catchpenny; discounted &c
half-price, depreciated, unsalable.
gratuitous, gratis, free, for nothing; costless, expenseless^;
without charge, not charged, untaxed; scotfree, shotfree^, rent-free;
free of cost, free of expense; honorary, unbought, unpaid.
Adv. for a mere song, for a song; at cost, at cost price, at prime
cost, at a reduction; a bon marche [Fr.].

816. Liberality -- N. liberality, generosity, munificence; bounty,
bounteousness, bountifulness; hospitality; charity &c (beneficence)
V. be liberal &c adj.; spend freely, bleed freely; shower down upon;
open one's purse strings &c (disburse) 809; spare no expense, give
carte blanche [Fr.].
Adj. liberal, free, generous; charitable &c (beneficent) 906;
hospitable; bountiful, bounteous; handsome; unsparing, ungrudging;
unselfish; open handed, free handed, full handed; open hearted, large
hearted, free hearted; munificent, princely.
Phr. handsome is that handsome does [Goldsmith].

817. Economy -- N. economy, frugality; thrift, thriftiness; care,
husbandry, good housewifery, savingness^, retrenchment.
savings; prevention of waste, save-all; cheese parings and candle
ends; parsimony &c 819.
cost-cutting, cost control.
V. be economical &c adj.; practice economy; economize, save; retrench,
cut back expenses, cut expenses; cut one's coat according to one's
cloth, make both ends meet, keep within compass, meet one's expenses,
pay one's way, pay as you go; husband &c (lay by) 636.
save money, invest money; put out to interest; provide for a rainy
day, save for a rainy day, provide against a rainy day, save against a
rainy day; feather one's nest; look after the main chance.
cut costs.
Adj. economical, frugal, careful, thrifty, saving, chary, spare,
sparing; parsimonious &c 819.
Adv. sparingly &c adj.; ne quid nimis [Lat.].
Phr. adde parvum parvo magnus acervus erit [Lat.]; magnum est vectigal
parsimonia [Lat.] [Cicero].

817a. Greed [excessive desire] -- N. covetousness, ravenousness &c
adj.; venality, avidity, cupidity; acquisitiveness (acquisition) 775;
desire &c 865.
[greed for money or material things] greed, greediness, avarice,
avidity, rapacity, extortion.
selfishness &c 943; auri sacra fames [Lat.].
grasping, craving, canine appetite, rapacity.
V. covet, crave (desire) 865; grasp; exact, extort.
Adj. greedy, avaricious, covetous, acquisitive, grasping; rapacious;
greedy as a hog; overeager; voracious; ravenous, ravenous as a
wolf; openmouthed, extortionate, exacting, sordid^, alieni appetens
[Lat.]; insatiable, insatiate; unquenchable, quenchless; omnivorous.

818. Prodigality -- N. prodigality, prodigence^; unthriftiness^, waste;
profusion, profuseness; extravagance; squandering &c v.; malversation.
prodigal; spendthrift, waste thrift; losel^, squanderer^, locust;
high roller [U.S.].
V. be prodigal &c adj.; squander, lavish, sow broadcast; pour forth
like water; blow, blow in [Slang]; pay through the nose &c (dear) 814;
spill, waste, dissipate, exhaust, drain, eat out of house and home,
overdraw, outrun the constable; run out, run through; misspend; throw
good money after bad, throw the helve after the hatchet^; burn the
candle at both ends; make ducks and drakes of one's money; fool away
one's money, potter away one's money, muddle away one's money, fritter
away one's money, throw away one's money, run through one's money; pour
water into a sieve, kill the goose that lays the golden eggs; manger
son ble en herbe [Fr.].
Adj. prodigal, profuse, thriftless, unthrifty, improvident, wasteful,
losel^, extravagant, lavish, dissipated, overliberal; full-handed &c
(liberal) 816.
penny wise and pound foolish.
Adv. with an unsparing hand; money burning a hole in one's pocket.
Phr. amor nummi [Lat.]; facile largiri de alieno [Lat.]; wie gewonnen
so zerronnen [G.]; les fous font les festins et les sages les mangent
[Fr.]; spendthrift alike of money and of wit [Cowper]; squandering
wealth was his peculiar art [Dryden].

819. Parsimony -- N. parsimony, parcity^; parsimoniousness^, stinginess
&c adj.; stint; illiberality, tenacity.
avarice, greed &c 817.1.
miser, niggard, churl, screw, skinflint, crib, codger, muckworm^,
scrimp, lickpenny^, hunks, curmudgeon, Harpagon, harpy, extortioner,
Jew, usurer; Hessian [U.S.]; pinch fist, pinch penny.
V. be parsimonious &c adj.; grudge, begrudge, stint, pinch, gripe,
screw, dole out, hold back, withhold, starve, famish, live upon
nothing, skin a flint.
drive a bargain, drive a hard bargain; cheapen, beat down; stop
one hole in a sieve; have an itching palm, grasp, grab.
Adj. parsimonious, penurious, stingy, miserly, mean, shabby, peddling,
scrubby, penny wise, near, niggardly, close; fast handed, close handed,
strait handed; close fisted, hard fisted, tight fisted; tight, sparing;
chary; grudging, griping &c v.; illiberal, ungenerous, churlish,
hidebound, sordid, mercenary, venal, covetous, usurious, avaricious,
greedy, extortionate, rapacious.
Adv. with a sparing hand.
Phr. desunt inopioe multa avaritiae omnia [Lat.] [Syrus]; hoards after
hoards his rising raptures fill [Goldsmith]; the unsunn'd heaps of
miser's treasures [Milton].



820. Affections -- N. affections, affect; character, qualities,
disposition, nature, spirit, tone; temper, temperament; diathesis^,
idiosyncrasy; cast of mind, cast of soul, habit of mind, habit of soul,
frame of mind, frame of soul; predilection, turn, natural turn of mind;
bent, bias, predisposition, proneness, proclivity, propensity,
propenseness^, propension^, propendency^; vein, humor, mood, grain,
mettle; sympathy &c (love) 897.
soul, heart, breast, bosom, inner man; heart's core, heart's
strings, heart's blood; heart of hearts, bottom of one's heart,
penetralia mentis [Lat.]; secret and inmost recesses of the heart,
cockles of one's heart; inmost heart, inmost soul; backbone.
passion, pervading spirit; ruling passion, master passion; furore^;
fullness of the heart, heyday of the blood, flesh and blood, flow of
energy, fervor, fire, force.
V. have affections, possess affections &c n.; be of a character &c n.;
be affected &c adj.; breathe.
Adj. affected, characterized, formed, molded, cast; attempered^,
tempered; framed; predisposed; prone, inclined; having a bias &c n.;
tinctured with, imbued with, penetrated with, eaten up with.
inborn, inbred, ingrained; deep-rooted, ineffaceable, inveterate;
pathoscopic^; congenital, dyed in the wool, implanted by nature,
inherent, in the grain.
Adv. in one's heart &c n.; at heart; heart and soul &c 821.
Phr. affection is a coal that must be cool'd else suffer'd it will set
the heart on fire [Venus and Adonis].

821. Feeling -- N. feeling; suffering &c v.; endurance, tolerance,
sufferance, supportance^, experience, response; sympathy &c (love) 897;
impression, inspiration, affection, sensation, emotion, pathos, deep
warmth, glow, unction, gusto, vehemence; fervor, fervency;
heartiness, cordiality; earnestness, eagerness; empressement [Fr.],
gush, ardor, zeal, passion, enthusiasm, verve, furore^, fanaticism;
excitation of feeling &c 824; fullness of the heart &c (disposition)
820; passion &c (state of excitability) 825; ecstasy &c (pleasure) 827.
blush, suffusion, flush; hectic; tingling, thrill, turn, shock;
agitation &c (irregular motion) 315; quiver, heaving, flutter, flurry,
fluster, twitter, tremor; throb, throbbing; pulsation, palpitation,
panting; trepidation, perturbation; ruffle, hurry of spirits, pother,
stew, ferment; state of excitement.
V. feel; receive an impression &c n.; be impressed with &c adj.;
entertain feeling, harbor feeling, cherish feeling &c n.. respond;
catch the flame, catch the infection; enter the spirit of.
bear, suffer, support, sustain, endure, thole [Scot.], aby^; abide
&c (be composed) 826; experience &c (meet with) 151; taste, prove;
labor under, smart under; bear the brunt of, brave, stand.
swell, glow, warm, flush, blush, change color, mantle; turn color,
turn pale, turn red, turn black in the face; tingle, thrill, heave,
pant, throb, palpitate, go pitapat, tremble, quiver, flutter, twitter;
shake &c 315; be agitated, be excited &c 824; look blue, look black;
wince; draw a deep breath.
impress &c (excite the feelings) 824.
Adj. feeling &c v.; sentient; sensuous; sensorial, sensory; emotive,
emotional; of feeling, with feeling &c n.. warm, quick, lively, smart,
strong, sharp, acute, cutting, piercing, incisive; keen, keen as a
razor; trenchant, pungent, racy, piquant, poignant, caustic.
impressive, deep, profound, indelible; deep felt, home felt,
heartfelt; swelling, soul-stirring, deep-mouthed, heart-expanding,
electric, thrilling, rapturous, ecstatic.
earnest, wistful, eager, breathless; fervent; fervid; gushing,
passionate, warm-hearted, hearty, cordial, sincere, zealous,
enthusiastic, glowing, ardent, burning, red-hot, fiery, flaming;
boiling over.
pervading, penetrating, absorbing; rabid, raving, feverish,
fanatical, hysterical; impetuous &c (excitable) 825.
impressed with, moved with, touched with, affected with,
penetrated with, seized with, imbued with &c 82; devoured by; wrought
up &c (excited) 824; struck all of a heap; rapt; in a quiver &c n.;
enraptured &c 829.
Adv. heart and soul, from the bottom of one's heart, ab imo pectore
[Lat.], at heart, con amore [It], heartily, devoutly, over head and
ears, head over heels.
Phr. the heart big, the heart full, the heart swelling, the heart
beating, the heart pulsating, the heart throbbing, the heart thumping,
the heart beating high, the heart melting, the heart overflowing, the
heart bursting, the heart breaking; the heart goes out, a heart as big
as all outdoors (sympathy) 897.

822. Sensibility -- N. sensibility, sensibleness, sensitiveness; moral
sensibility; impressibility, affectibility^; susceptibleness,
susceptibility, susceptivity^; mobility; vivacity, vivaciousness;
tenderness, softness; sentimental, sentimentality; sentimentalism.
excitability &c 825; fastidiousness &c 868; physical sensibility
&c 375.
sore point, sore place; where the shoe pinches.
V. be sensible &c adj.; have a tender heart, have a warm heart, have a
sensitive heart.
take to heart, treasure up in the heart; shrink.
die of a rose in aromatic pain [Pope]; touch to the quick; touch
on the raw, touch a raw nerve.
Adj. sensible, sensitive; impressible, impressionable; susceptive,
susceptible; alive to, impassionable^, gushing; warm hearted, tender
hearted, soft hearted; tender as a chicken; soft, sentimental,
romantic; enthusiastic, highflying^, spirited, mettlesome, vivacious,
lively, expressive, mobile, tremblingly alive; excitable &c 825;
oversensitive, without skin, thin-skinned; fastidious &c 868.
Adv. sensibly &c adj.; to the quick, to the inmost core.
Phr. mens aequa in arduis [Lat.]; pour salt in the wound.

823. Insensibility -- N. insensibility, insensibleness^; moral
insensibility; inertness, inertia; vis inertiae [Lat.]; impassibility,
impassibleness; inappetency^, apathy, phlegm, dullness, hebetude^,
supineness, lukewarmness^.
cold fit, cold blood, cold heart; coldness, coolness; frigidity,
sang froid [Fr.]; stoicism, imperturbation &c (inexcitability) 826
[Obs.]; nonchalance, unconcern, dry eyes; insouciance &c (indifference)
866; recklessness &c 863; callousness; heart of stone, stock and stone,
marble, deadness.
torpor, torpidity; obstupefaction^, lethargy, coma, trance,
vegetative state; sleep &c 683; suspended animation; stupor,
stupefaction; paralysis, palsy; numbness &c (physical insensibility)
neutrality; quietism, vegetation.
V. be insensible &c adj.; have a rhinoceros hide; show insensibility &c
n.; not mind, not care, not be affected by; have no desire for &c 866;
have no interest in, feel no interest in, take no interest in; nil
admirari [Lat.]; not care a straw for &c (unimportance) 643; disregard
&c (neglect) 460; set at naught &c (make light of) 483; turn a deaf ear
to &c (inattention) 458; vegetate.
render insensible, render callous; blunt, obtund^, numb, benumb,
paralyze, deaden, hebetate^, stun, stupefy; brutify^; brutalize;
chloroform, anaesthetize^, put under; assify^.
inure; harden the heart; steel, caseharden, sear.
Adj. insensible, unconscious; impassive, impassible; blind to, deaf to,
dead to; unsusceptible, insusceptible; unimpressionable^,
unimpressible^; passionless, spiritless, heartless, soulless; unfeeling,
apathetic; leuco-^, phlegmatic; dull, frigid; cold blooded, cold
hearted; cold as charity; flat, maudlin, obtuse, inert, supine,
sluggish, torpid, torpedinous^, torporific^; sleepy &c (inactive) 683;
languid, half-hearted, tame; numbed; comatose; anaesthetic &c 376;
stupefied, chloroformed, drugged, stoned; palsy-stricken.
indifferent, lukewarm; careless, mindless, regardless; inattentive
&c 458; neglectful &c 460; disregarding.
unconcerned, nonchalant, pococurante^, insouciant, sans souci
[Fr.]; unambitious &c 866.
unaffected, unruffled, unimpressed, uninspired, unexcited,
unmoved, unstirred, untouched, unshocked^, unstruck^; unblushing &c
(shameless) 885; unanimated; vegetative.
callous, thick-skinned, hard-nosed, pachydermatous, impervious;
hardened; inured, casehardened; steeled against, proof against;
imperturbable &c (inexcitable) 826 [Obs.]; unfelt.
Adv. insensibly &c adj.; aequo animo [Lat.]; without being moved,
without being touched, without being impressed; in cold blood; with dry
eyes, with withers unwrung^.
Phr. never mind; macht nichts [G.], it is of no consequence &c
(unimportant) 643; it cannot be helped; nothing coming amiss; it is all
the same to, it is all one to.

824. Excitation -- N. excitation of feeling; mental excitement;
suscitation^, galvanism, stimulation, piquance, piquancy, provocation,
inspiration, calling forth, infection; animation, agitation,
perturbation; subjugation, fascination, intoxication; enravishment^;
entrancement; pressure, tension, high pressure.
unction, impressiveness &c adj.. trail of temper, casus belli
[Lat.]; irritation &c (anger) 900; passion &c (state of excitability)
825; thrill &c (feeling) 821; repression of feeling &c 826;
sensationalism, yellow journalism.
V. excite, affect, touch, move, impress, strike, interest, animate,
inspire, impassion, smite, infect; stir the blood, fire the blood, warm
the blood; set astir; wake, awake, awaken; call forth; evoke, provoke;
raise up, summon up, call up, wake up, blow up, get up, light up;
raise; get up the steam, rouse, arouse, stir; fire, kindle, enkindle,
apply the torch, set on fire, inflame.
stimulate; exsuscitate^; inspirit; spirit up, stir up, work up,
pique; infuse life into, give new life to; bring new blood, introduce
new blood; quicken; sharpen, whet; work upon &c (incite) 615; hurry on,
give a fillip, put on one's mettle.
fan the fire, fan the flame; blow the coals, stir the embers; fan
into a flame; foster, heat, warm, foment, raise to a fever heat; keep
up, keep the pot boiling; revive, rekindle; rake up, rip up.
stir the feelings, play on the feelings, come home to the
feelings; touch a string, touch a chord, touch the soul, touch the
heart; go to one's heart, penetrate, pierce, go through one, touch to
the quick; possess the soul, pervade the soul, penetrate the soul,
imbrue the soul, absorb the soul, affect the soul, disturb the soul.
absorb, rivet the attention; sink into the mind, sink into the
heart; prey on the mind, distract; intoxicate; overwhelm, overpower;
bouleverser [Fr.], upset, turn one's head.
fascinate; enrapture &c (give pleasure) 829.
agitate, perturb, ruffle, fluster, shake, disturb, startle, shock,
stagger; give one a shock, give one a turn; strike all of a heap; stun,
astound, electrify, galvanize, petrify.
irritate, sting; cut to the heart, cut to the quick; try one's
temper; fool to the top of one's bent, pique; infuriate, madden, make
one's blood boil; lash into fury &c (wrath) 900.
be excited &c adj.; flush up, flare up; catch the infection;
thrill &c (feel) 821; mantle; work oneself up; seethe, boil, simmer,
foam, fume, flame, rage, rave; run mad &c (passion) 825.
Adj. excited &c v.; wrought up, up the qui vive [Fr.], astir,
sparkling; in a quiver &c 821, in a fever, in a ferment, in a blaze, in
a state of excitement; in hysterics; black in the face, overwrought,
tense, taught, on a razor's edge; hot, red-hot, flushed, feverish; all
of a twitter, in a pucker; with quivering lips, with tears in one's
flaming; boiling over; ebullient, seething; foaming at the mouth;
fuming, raging, carried away by passion, wild, raving, frantic, mad,
distracted, beside oneself, out of one's wits, ready to burst,
bouleverse^, demoniacal.
lost, eperdu [Fr.], tempest-tossed; haggard; ready to sink.
stung to the quick, up, on one's high ropes.
exciting, absorbing, riveting, distracting &c v.; impressive,
warm, glowing, fervid, swelling, imposing, spirit-stirring, thrilling;
high-wrought; soul-stirring, soul-subduing; heart-stirring, heart-
swelling, heart-thrilling; agonizing &c (painful) 830; telling,
sensational, hysterical; overpowering, overwhelming; more than flesh
and blood can bear; yellow.
piquant &c (pungent) 392; spicy, appetizing, provocative,
provoquant^, tantalizing.
eager to go, anxious to go, chafing at the bit.
Adv. till one is black in the face.
Phr. the heart beating high, the heart going pitapat, the heart leaping
into one's mouth; the blood being up, the blood boiling in one's veins;
the eye glistening, the eyes in a fine frenzy rolling; the head turned;
when the going gets tough, the tough get going [Richard Nixon].

825. [Excess of sensitiveness] Excitability -- N. excitability,
impetuosity, vehemence; boisterousness &c adj.; turbulence; impatience,
intolerance, nonendurance^; irritability &c (irascibility) 901; itching
&c (desire) 865; wincing; disquiet, disquietude; restlessness; fidgets,
fidgetiness; agitation &c (irregular motion) 315.
trepidation, perturbation, ruffle, hurry, fuss, flurry; fluster,
flutter; pother, stew, ferment; whirl; buck fever; hurry-skurry^, thrill
&c (feeling) 821; state of excitement, fever of excitement; transport.
passion, excitement, flush, heat; fever, heat; fire, flame, fume,
blood boiling; tumult; effervescence, ebullition; boiling over; whiff,
gust, story, tempest; scene, breaking out, burst, fit, paroxysm,
explosion; outbreak, outburst; agony.
violence &c 173; fierceness &c adj.; rage, fury, furor, furore^,
desperation, madness, distraction, raving, delirium; phrensy^, frenzy,
hysterics; intoxication; tearing passion, raging passion; anger &c 900.
fascination, infatuation, fanaticism; Quixotism, Quixotry; tete
montee [Fr.].
V. be impatient &c adj.; not be able to bear &c 826; bear ill, wince,
chafe, champ a bit; be in a stew &c n.; be out of all patience, fidget,
fuss, not have a wink of sleep; toss on one's pillow.
lose one's temper &c 900; break out, burst out, fly out; go off,
fly off, fly off at a tangent, fly off the handle, lose one's cool
[Coll.]; explode, flare up, flame up, fire up, burst into a flame, take
fire, fire, burn; boil, boil over; foam, fume, rage, rave, rant, tear;
go wild, run wild, run mad, go into hysterics; run riot, run amuck;
battre la campagne [Fr.], faire le diable a quatre [Fr.], play the
Adj. excitable, easily excited, in an excitable state; high-strung;
irritable &c (irascible) 901; impatient, intolerant.
feverish, febrile, hysterical; delirious, mad, moody, maggoty-
unquiet, mercurial, electric, galvanic, hasty, hurried, restless,
fidgety, fussy; chafing &c v.. startlish^, mettlesome, high-mettled^,
vehement, demonstrative, violent, wild, furious, fierce, fiery,
hot-headed, madcap.
overzealous, enthusiastic, impassioned, fanatical; rabid &c
(eager) 865.
rampant, clamorous, uproarious, turbulent, tempestuous,
tumultuary^, boisterous.
impulsive, impetuous, passionate; uncontrolled, uncontrollable;
ungovernable, irrepressible, stanchless^, inextinguishable, burning,
simmering, volcanic, ready to burst forth, volatile.
excited, exciting &c 824.
Int. pish!, pshaw!,
Phr. noli me tangere [Lat.]; filled with fury, rapt, inspir'd
[Collins]; maggiore fretta minore atto [It].

826. [Absence of excitability, or of excitement.] Inexcitability -- N.
inexcitability^, imperturbability, inirritability^; even temper,
tranquil mind, dispassion; tolerance, patience, coolth [Coll.].
passiveness &c (physical inertness) 172; hebetude^, hebetation^;
impassibility &c (insensibility) 823; stupefaction.
coolness, calmness &c adj.; composure, placidity, indisturbance^,
imperturbation^, sang froid [Fr.], tranquility, serenity; quiet,
quietude; peace of mind, mental calmness.
staidness &c adj.; gravity, sobriety, Quakerism^; philosophy,
equanimity, stoicism, command of temper; self-possession, self-control,
self-command, self-restraint, ice water in one's veins; presence of
submission &c 725; resignation; sufferance, supportance^,
endurance, longsufferance^, forbearance; longanimity^; fortitude;
patience of Job, patience on a monument [Twelfth Night], patience
'sovereign o'er transmuted ill' [Johnson]; moderation; repression of
feelings, subjugation of feeling; restraint &c 751.
tranquillization &c (moderation) 174 [Obs.].
V. be composed &c adj.. laisser faire [Fr.], laisser aller [Fr.]; take
things easily, take things as they come; take it easy, rub on, live and
let live; take easily, take cooly^, take in good part; aequam servare
mentem [Lat.].
bear the brunt, bear well; go through, support, endure, brave,
tolerate, suffer, stand, bide; abide, aby^; bear with, put up with,
take up with, abide with; acquiesce; submit &c (yield) 725; submit with
a good grace; resign oneself to, reconcile oneself to; brook, digest,
eat, swallow, pocket, stomach.
make light of, make the best of, make 'a virtue of necessity'
[Chaucer]; put a good face on, keep one's countenance; check &c 751;
check oneself.
compose, appease &c (moderate); 174; propitiate; repress &c
(restrain) 751; render insensible &c 823; overcome one's excitability,
allay one's excitability, repress one's excitability &c 825; master
one's feelings.
make oneself easy; make one's mind easy; set one's mind at ease,
set one's mind at rest.
calm down, cool down; gentle; thaw, grow cool.
be borne, be endured; go down.
Adj. inexcitable^, unexcitable; imperturbable; unsusceptible &c
(insensible) 823; unpassionate^, dispassionate; cold-blooded, irritable;
enduring &c v.; stoical, Platonic, philosophic, staid, stayed; sober,
sober minded; grave; sober as a judge, grave as a judge; sedate,
demure, cool-headed.
easy-going, peaceful, placid, calm; quiet as a mouse; tranquil,
serene; cool as a cucumber, cool as a custard; undemonstrative.
temperate &c (moderate) 174; composed, collected; unexcited,
unstirred, unruffled, undisturbed, unperturbed, unimpassioned;
unoffended^; unresisting.
meek, tolerant; patient, patient as Job; submissive &c 725; tame;
content, resigned, chastened, subdued, lamblike^; gentle as a lamb;
suaviter in modo [Lat.]; mild as mothers milk; soft as peppermint;
armed with patience, bearing with, clement, long-suffering.
Adv. like patience on a monument smiling at grief [Twelfth Night];
aequo animo [Lat.], in cold blood &c 823; more in sorrow than in anger.
Int. patience!, and shuffle the cards.
Phr. cool calm and collected, keep calm in the midst of a storm;
adversity's sweet milk, philosophy [Romeo and Juliet]; mens aequa in
arduis philosophia stemma non inspecite [Lat.] [Seneca]; quo me cumque
rapit tempestas deferor hospes [Lat.] [Horace]; they also serve who
only stand and wait [Milton].



827. Pleasure -- N. pleasure, gratification, enjoyment, fruition;
oblectation, delectation, delection^; relish, zest; gusto &c (physical
pleasure) 377; satisfaction &c (content) 831; complacency.
well-being; good &c 618; snugness, comfort, ease; cushion &c 215;
sans souci [Fr.], without worry, mind at ease.
joy, gladness, delight, glee, cheer, sunshine; cheerfulness &c
treat, refreshment; amusement &c 840; luxury &c 377.
mens sana in corpore sano [Lat.] [Juvenal], a sound mind in a
sound body.
happiness, felicity, bliss; beatitude, beautification;
enchantment, transport, rapture, ravishment, ecstasy; summum bonum
[Lat.]; paradise, elysium &c (heaven) 981; third heaven^, seventh
heaven, cloud nine; unalloyed happiness &c; hedonics^, hedonism.
honeymoon; palmy days, halcyon days; golden age, golden time;
Dixie, Dixie's land; Saturnia regna [Lat.], Arcadia^, Shangri-La, happy
valley, Agapemone^.
V. be pleased &c 829; feel pleasure, experience pleasure &c n.; joy;
enjoy oneself, hug oneself; be in clover &c 377, be in elysium &c 981;
tread on enchanted ground; fall into raptures, go into raptures.
feel at home, breathe freely, bask in the sunshine.
be pleased with &c 829; receive pleasure, derive pleasure &c n..
from; take pleasure &c n.. in; delight in, rejoice in, indulge in,
luxuriate in; gloat over &c (physical pleasure) 377; enjoy, relish,
like; love &c 897; take to, take a fancy to; have a liking for; enter
into the spirit of.
take in good part.
treat oneself to, solace oneself with.
Adj. pleased &c 829; not sorry; glad, gladsome; pleased as Punch.
happy, blest, blessed, blissful, beatified; happy as a clam at
high water [U.S.], happy as a clam, happy as a king, happy as the day
is long; thrice happy, ter quaterque beatus [Lat.]; enjoying &c v.;
joyful &c (in spirits) 836; hedonic^.
in a blissful state, in paradise &c 981, in raptures, in
ecstasies, in a transport of delight.
comfortable &c (physical pleasure) 377; at ease; content &c 831;
sans souci [Fr.].
overjoyed, entranced, enchanted; enraptures; enravished^;
transported; fascinated, captivated.
with a joyful face, with sparkling eyes.
pleasing &c 829; ecstatic, beatic^; painless, unalloyed, without
alloy, cloudless.
Adv. happily &c adj.; with pleasure &c (willingfully) 602 [Obs.]; with
glee &c n..
Phr. one's heart leaping with joy.
a wilderness of sweets [Paradise Lost]; I wish you all the joy
that you can wish [M.
of Venice]; jour de ma vie; joy ruled the day and love the night
[Dryden]; joys season'd high and tasting strong of guilt [Young]; oh
happiness, our being's end and aim! [Pope]; there is a pleasure that is
born of pain [O Meridith]; throned on highest bliss [Paradise Lost];
vedi Napoli e poi muori [It]; zwischen Freud und Leid ist die Brucke
nicht weit [G.], the bridge between joy and sorrow is not wide.

828. Pain -- N. mental suffering, pain, dolor; suffering, sufferance;
ache, smart &c (physical pain) 378; passion.
displeasure, dissatisfaction, discomfort, discomposure, disquiet;
malaise; inquietude, uneasiness, vexation of spirit; taking; discontent
&c 832.
dejection &c 837; weariness &c 841; anhedonia^.
annoyance, irritation, worry, infliction, visitation; plague,
bore; bother, botheration; stew, vexation, mortification, chagrin,
esclandre [Fr.]; mauvais quart d'heur [Fr.].
care, anxiety, solicitude, trouble, trial, ordeal, fiery ordeal,
shock, blow, cark^, dole, fret, burden, load.
concern, grief, sorrow, distress, affliction, woe, bitterness,
heartache; carking cares; heavy heart, aching heart, bleeding heart,
broken heart; heavy affliction, gnawing grief.
unhappiness, infelicity, misery, tribulation, wretchedness,
desolation; despair &c 859; extremity, prostration, depth of misery.
nightmare, ephialtes^, incubus.
pang, anguish, agony; torture, torment; purgatory &c (hell) 982.
hell upon earth; iron age, reign of terror; slough of despond &c
(adversity) 735; peck of troubles; ills that flesh is heir to &c (evil)
619 [Hamlet]; miseries of human life; unkindest cut of all [Julius
sufferer, victim, prey, martyr, object of compassion, wretch,
shorn lamb.
V. feel pain, suffer pain, experience pain, undergo pain, bear pain,
endure pain &c n., smart, ache &c (physical pain) 378; suffer, bleed,
ail; be the victim of.
labor under afflictions; bear the cross; quaff the bitter cup,
have a bad time of it; fall on evil days &c (adversity) 735; go hard
with, come to grief, fall a sacrifice to, drain the cup of misery to
the dregs, sup full of horrors [Macbeth].
sit on thorns, be on pins and needles, wince, fret, chafe, worry
oneself, be in a taking, fret and fume; take on, take to heart; cark^.
grieve; mourn &c (lament) 839; yearn, repine, pine, droop,
languish, sink; give way; despair &c 859; break one's heart; weigh upon
the heart &c (inflict pain) 830.
Adj. in pain, in a state of pain, full of pain &c n.; suffering &c v.;
pained, afflicted, worried, displeased &c 830; aching, griped, sore &c
(physical pain) 378; on the rack, in limbo; between hawk and buzzard.
uncomfortable, uneasy; ill at ease; in a taking, in a way;
disturbed; discontented &c 832; out of humor &c 901.1; weary &c 841.
heavy laden, stricken, crushed, a prey to, victimized, ill-used.
unfortunate &c (hapless) 735; to be pitied, doomed, devoted,
accursed, undone, lost, stranded; fey.
unhappy, infelicitous, poor, wretched, miserable, woe-begone;
cheerless &c (dejected) 837; careworn.
concerned, sorry; sorrowing, sorrowful; cut up, chagrined,
horrified, horror-stricken; in grief, plunged in grief, a prey to grief
&c n.; in tears &c (lamenting) 839; steeped to the lips in misery;
heart-stricken, heart-broken, heart-scalded; broken-hearted; in despair
&c 859.
Phr. the iron entered into our soul; haeret lateri lethalis arundo
[Lat.] [Vergil]; one's heart bleeding; down, thou climbing sorrow
[Lear]; mirth cannot move a soul in agony [Love's Labor's Lost]; nessun
maggior dolere che ricordarsi del tempo felice nella miseria [It];
sorrow's crown of sorrow is remembering happier things [Tennyson]; the
Niobe of Nations [Byron].

829. [Capability of giving pleasure; cause or source of pleasure.]
Pleasurableness -- N. pleasurableness, pleasantness, agreeableness &c
adj.; pleasure giving, jucundity^, delectability; amusement &c 840.
attraction &c (motive) 615; attractiveness, attractability^;
invitingness &c adj.^; harm, fascination, enchantment, witchery,
seduction, winning ways, amenity, amiability; winsomeness.
loveliness &c (beauty) 845; sunny side, bright side; sweets &c
(sugar) 396; goodness &c 648; manna in the wilderness, land flowing
with milk and honey; bittersweet; fair weather.
treat; regale &c (physical pleasure) 377; dainty; titbit^, tidbit;
nuts, sauce piquante [Fr.].
V. cause pleasure, produce pleasure, create pleasure, give pleasure,
afford pleasure, procure pleasure, offer pleasure, present pleasure,
yield pleasure &c 827.
please, charm, delight, becharm^, imparadise^; gladden &c (make
cheerful) 836; take, captivate, fascinate; enchant, entrance,
enrapture, transport, bewitch; enravish^.
bless, beatify; satisfy; gratify, desire; &c 865; slake, satiate,
quench; indulge, humor, flatter, tickle; tickle the palate &c (savory)
394; regale, refresh; enliven; treat; amuse &c 840; take one's fancy,
tickle one's fancy, hit one's fancy; meet one's wishes; win the heart,
gladden the heart, rejoice the heart, warm the cockles of the heart; do
one's heart good.
attract, allure &c (move) 615; stimulate &c (excite) 824;
make things pleasant, popularize, gild the pill, sugar-coat the
pill, sweeten.
Adj. causing pleasure &c v.; laetificant^; pleasure-giving, pleasing,
pleasant, pleasurable; agreeable; grateful, gratifying; leef^, lief,
acceptable; welcome, welcome as the roses in May; welcomed; favorite;
to one's taste, to one's mind, to one's liking; satisfactory &c (good)
refreshing; comfortable; cordial; genial; glad, gladsome; sweet,
delectable, nice, dainty; delicate, delicious; dulcet; luscious &c 396;
palatable &c 394; luxurious, voluptuous; sensual &c 377.
[of people] attractive &c 615; inviting, prepossessing, engaging;
winning, winsome; taking, fascinating, captivating, killing; seducing,
seductive; heart-robbing, alluring, enticing; appetizing &c (exciting)
824; cheering &c 836; bewitching; enchanting, entrancing, enravishing^.
charming; delightful, felicitous, exquisite; lovely &c (beautiful)
845; ravishing, rapturous; heartfelt, thrilling, ecstatic; beatic^;
beatific; seraphic; empyrean; elysian &c (heavenly) 981.
palmy, halcyon, Saturnian.
Phr. decies repetita placebit [Lat.]; charms strike the sight but merit
wins the soul [Pope]; sweetness and light [Swift]; beauty is only skin

830. [Capability of giving pain; cause or source of pain]. Painfulness
-- N. painfulness &c adj.; trouble, care &c (pain) 828; trial;
affliction, infliction; blow, stroke, burden, load, curse; bitter pill,
bitter draught; waters of bitterness.
annoyance, grievance, nuisance, vexation, mortification, sickener^;
bore, bother, pother, hot water, sea of troubles [Hamlet], hornet's
nest, plague, pest.
cancer, ulcer, sting, thorn; canker &c (bane) 663; scorpion &c
(evil doer) 913; dagger &c (arms) 727; scourge &c (instrument of
punishment) 975; carking care, canker worm of care.
mishap, misfortune &c (adversity) 735; desagrement [Fr.],
esclandre [Fr.], rub.
source of irritation, source of annoyance; wound, open sore; sore
subject, skeleton in the closet; thorn in the flesh, thorn in one's
side; where the shoe pinches, gall and wormwood.
sorry sight, heavy news, provocation; affront &c 929; head and
front of one's offending [Othello].
infestation, molestation; malignity &c (malevolence) 907.
V. cause pain, occasion pain, give pain, bring pain, induce pain,
produce pain, create pain, inflict pain &c 828; pain, hurt, wound.
pinch, prick, gripe &c (physical pain) 378; pierce, lancinate^,
hurt the feelings, wound the feelings, grate upon the feelings,
grate upon the nerves, jar upon the feelings; wring the heart, pierce
the heart, lacerate the heart, break the heart, rend the heart; make
the heart bleed; tear the heart strings, rend the heart strings; draw
tears from the eyes.
sadden; make unhappy &c 828; plunge into sorrow, grieve, fash^,
afflict, distress; cut up, cut to the heart.
displease, annoy, incommode, discompose, trouble, disquiet; faze,
feaze^, feeze [U.S.]; disturb, cross, perplex, molest, tease, tire, irk,
vex, mortify, wherret^, worry, plague, bother, pester, bore, pother,
harass, harry, badger, heckle, bait, beset, infest, persecute,
wring, harrow, torment, torture; bullyrag; put to the rack, put to
the question; break on the wheel, rack, scarify; cruciate^, crucify;
convulse, agonize; barb the dart; plant a dagger in the breast, plant a
thorn in one's side.
irritate, provoke, sting, nettle, try the patience, pique, fret,
rile, tweak the nose, chafe, gall; sting to the quick, wound to the
quick, cut to the quick; aggrieve, affront, enchafe^, enrage, ruffle,
sour the temper; give offense &c (resentment) 900.
maltreat, bite, snap at, assail; smite &c (punish) 972.
sicken, disgust, revolt, nauseate, disenchant, repel, offend,
shock, stink in the nostrils; go against the stomach, turn the stomach;
make one sick, set the teeth on edge, go against the grain, grate on
the ear; stick in one's throat, stick in one's gizzard; rankle, gnaw,
corrode, horrify, appal^, appall, freeze the blood; make the flesh
creep, make the hair stand on end; make the blood curdle, make the
blood run cold; make one shudder.
haunt the memory; weigh on the heart, prey on the heart, weigh on
the mind, prey on the mind, weigh on the spirits, prey on the spirits;
bring one's gray hairs with sorrow to the grave; add a nail to one's
Adj. causing pain, hurting &c v.; hurtful &c (bad) 649; painful;
dolorific^, dolorous; unpleasant; unpleasing, displeasing; disagreeable,
unpalatable, bitter, distasteful; uninviting; unwelcome; undesirable,
undesired; obnoxious; unacceptable, unpopular, thankless.
unsatisfactory, untoward, unlucky, uncomfortable.
distressing; afflicting, afflictive; joyless, cheerless,
comfortless; dismal, disheartening; depressing, depressive; dreary,
melancholy, grievous, piteous; woeful, rueful, mournful, deplorable,
pitiable, lamentable; sad, affecting, touching, pathetic.
irritating, provoking, stinging, annoying, aggravating,
mortifying, galling; unaccommodating, invidious, vexatious;
troublesome, tiresome, irksome, wearisome; plaguing, plaguy^; awkward.
importunate; teasing, pestering, bothering, harassing, worrying,
tormenting, carking.
intolerable, insufferable, insupportable; unbearable, unendurable;
past bearing; not to be borne, not to be endured; more than flesh and
blood can bear; enough to drive one mad, enough to provoke a saint,
enough to make a parson swear, enough to gag a maggot.
shocking, terrific, grim, appalling, crushing; dreadful, fearful,
frightful; thrilling, tremendous, dire; heart-breaking, heart-rending,
heart-wounding, heart-corroding, heart-sickening; harrowing, rending.
odious, hateful, execrable, repulsive, repellent, abhorrent;
horrid, horrible, horrific, horrifying; offensive.
nauseous, nauseating; disgusting, sickening, revolting; nasty;
loathsome, loathful^; fulsome; vile &c (bad) 649; hideous &c 846.
sharp, acute, sore, severe, grave, hard, harsh, cruel, biting,
caustic; cutting, corroding, consuming, racking, excruciating,
searching, grinding, grating, agonizing; envenomed; catheretic^, pyrotic
ruinous, disastrous, calamitous, tragical; desolating, withering;
burdensome, onerous, oppressive; cumbrous, cumbersome.
Adv. painfully &c adj.; with pain &c 828; deuced.
Int. hinc illae lachrymae! [Lat.],
Phr. surgit amari aliquid [Lat.]; the place being too hot to hold one;
the iron entering into the soul; he jests at scars that never felt a
wound [Romeo and Juliet]; I must be cruel only to be kind [Hamlet];
what deep wounds ever closed without a scar? [Byron].

831. Content -- N. content, contentment, contentedness; complacency,
satisfaction, entire satisfaction, ease, heart's ease, peace of mind;
serenity &c 826; cheerfulness &c 836; ray of comfort; comfort &c (well-
being) 827.
reconciliation; resignation &c (patience) 826.
[person who is contented] waiter on Providence.
V. be content &c adj.; rest satisfied, rest and be thankful; take the
good the gods provide, let well alone, let well enough alone, feel
oneself at home, hug oneself, lay the flattering unction to one's soul.
take up with, take in good part; accept, tolerate; consent &c 762;
acquiesce, assent &c 488; be reconciled to, make one's peace with; get
over it; take heart, take comfort; put up with &c (bear) 826.
render content &c adj.; set at ease, comfort; set one's heart at
ease, set one's mind at ease, set one's heart at rest, set one's mind
at rest; speak peace; conciliate, reconcile, win over, propitiate,
disarm, beguile; content, satisfy; gratify &c 829.
be tolerated &c 826; go down, go down well, go down with; do; be
Adj. content, contented; satisfied &c v.; at ease, at one's ease, at
home; with the mind at ease, sans souci [Fr.], sine cura [Lat.],
easygoing, not particular; conciliatory; unrepining^, of good comfort;
resigned &c (patient) 826; cheerful &c 836.
unafflicted, unvexed^, unmolested, unplagued^; serene &c 826; at
rest, snug, comfortable; in one's element.
satisfactory, tolerable, good enough, OK, all right, acceptable.
Adv. contently^, contentedly, to one's heart's content; a la bonne heure
[Fr.]; all for the best.
Int. amen &c (assent) 488; very well, all the better, so much the
better, well and good; it will do, that will do; it cannot be helped.
Phr. nothing comes amiss.
a heart with room for every joy [Bailey]; ich habe genossen das
irdische Gluck ich habe gelebt und geliebet [G.] [Schiller]; nor cast
one longing lingering look behind [Gray]; shut up in measureless
content [Macbeth]; sweet are the thoughts that savor of content [R.
Greene]; their wants but few their wishes all confined
[Goldsmith]; might as well relax and enjoy it.

832. Discontent -- N. discontent, discontentment; dissatisfaction;
dissent &c 489.
disappointment, mortification; cold comfort; regret &c 833;
repining, taking on &c v.; heart-burning, heart-grief; querulousness &c
(lamentation) 839; hypercriticism.
inquietude, vexation of spirit, soreness; worry, concern, fear &c
[person who is discontented] malcontent, grumbler, growler,
croaker, dissident, dissenter, laudator temporis acti [Lat.]; censurer,
complainer, fault-finder, murmerer^.
cave of Adullam^, indignation meeting, winter of our discontent
[Henry VI]; with what I most enjoy contented least [Shakespeare].
V. be discontented &c adj.; quarrel with one's bread and butter;
repine; regret &c 833; wish one at the bottom of the Red Sea; take on,
take to heart; shrug the shoulders; make a wry face, pull a long face;
knit one's brows; look blue, look black, look black as thunder, look
blank, look glum.
take in bad part, take ill; fret, chafe, make a piece of work
[Fr.]; grumble, croak; lament &c 839.
cause discontent &c n.; dissatisfy, disappoint, mortify, put out,
disconcert; cut up; dishearten.
Adj. discontented; dissatisfied &c v.; unsatisfied, ungratified;
dissident; dissentient &c 489; malcontent, malcontented, exigent,
exacting, hypercritical.
repining &c v.; regretful &c 833; down in the mouth &c (dejected)
in high dudgeon, in a fume, in the sulks, in the dumps, in bad
humor; glum, sulky; sour as a crab; soured, sore; out of humor, out of
disappointing &c v.; unsatisfactory.
frustrated (failure) 732.
Int. so much the worse!,
Phr. that won't do, that will never do, it will never do; curtae nescio
quid semper abest rei [Lat.] [Horace]; ne Jupiter Quidem omnibus placet
[Lat.]; poor in abundance, famished at a feast [Young].

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