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Redgauntlet by Sir Walter Scott

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twenty years before, carried him over many a Highland hill as
light as one of their native deer. His adherents followed,
looking on the ground, their feelings struggling against the
dictates of their reason.

General Campbell accompanied them with an air of apparent ease
and indifference, but watching, at the same time, and no doubt
with some anxiety, the changing features of those who acted in
this extraordinary scene.

Darsie and his sister naturally followed their uncle, whose
violence they no longer feared, while his character attracted
their respect, and Alan Fairford attended them from interest in
their fate, unnoticed in a party where all were too much occupied
with their own thoughts and feelings, as well as with the
impending crisis, to attend to his presence.

Half-way betwixt the house and the beach, they saw the bodies of
Nanty Ewart and Cristal Nixon blackening in the sun.

'That was your informer?' said Redgauntlet, looking back to
General Campbell, who only nodded his assent.

'Caitiff wretch!' exclaimed Redgauntlet;--'and yet the name were
better bestowed on the fool who could be misled by thee.'

'That sound broadsword cut,' said the general, 'has saved us the
shame of rewarding a traitor.'

They arrived at the place of embarkation. The prince stood a
moment with folded arms, and looked around him in deep silence.
A paper was then slipped into his hands--he looked at it, and
said, 'I find the two friends I have left at Fairladies are
apprised of my destination, and propose to embark from Bowness.
I presume this will not be an infringement of the conditions
under which you have acted?'

'Certainly not,' answered General Campbell; 'they shall have all
facility to join you.'

'I wish, then,' said Charles, 'only another companion.
Redgauntlet, the air of this country is as hostile to you as it
is to me. These gentlemen have made their peace, or rather they
have done nothing to break it. But you--come you and share my
home where chance shall cast it. We shall never see these shores
again; but we will talk of them, and of our disconcerted bull-

'I follow you, sire, through life,' said Redgauntlet, 'as I would
have followed you to death. Permit me one moment.'

The prince then looked round, and seeing the abashed countenances
of his other adherents bent upon the ground, he hastened to say,
'Do not think that you, gentlemen, have obliged me less because
your zeal was mingled with prudence, entertained, I am sure, more
on my own account and on that of your country, than from selfish

He stepped from one to another, and, amid sobs and bursting
tears, received the adieus of the last remnant which had hitherto
supported his lofty pretensions, and addressed them individually
with accents of tenderness and affection.

The general drew a little aloof, and signed to Redgauntlet to
speak with him while this scene proceeded. 'It is now all over,'
he said, 'and Jacobite will be henceforward no longer a party
name. When you tire of foreign parts, and wish to make your
peace, let me know. Your restless zeal alone has impeded your
pardon hitherto.'

'And now I shall not need it,' said Redgauntlet. 'I leave
England for ever; but I am not displeased that you should hear my
family adieus.--Nephew, come hither. In presence of General
Campbell, I tell you, that though to breed you up in my own
political opinions has been for many years my anxious wish, I am
now glad that it could not be accomplished. You pass under the
service of the reigning monarch without the necessity of changing
your allegiance--a change, however,' be added, looking around
him, which sits more easy on honourable men than I could have
anticipated; but some wear the badge of their loyalty on their
sleeve, and others in the heart. You will, from henceforth, be
uncontrolled master of all the property of which forfeiture could
not deprive your father--of all that belonged to him--excepting
this, his good sword' (laying his hand on the weapon he wore),
'which shall never fight for the House of Hanover; and as my hand
will never draw weapon more, I shall sink it forty fathoms deep
in the wide ocean. Bless you, young man! If I have dealt
harshly with you, forgive me. I had set my whole desires on one
point,--God knows, with no selfish purpose; and I am justly
punished by this final termination of my views, for having been
too little scrupulous in the means by which I pursued them.--
Niece, farewell, and may God bless you also!'

'No, sir,' said Lilias, seizing his hand eagerly. 'You have been
hitherto my protector,--you are now in sorrow, let me be your
attendant and your comforter in exile.'

'I thank you, my girl, for your unmerited affection; but it
cannot and must not be. The curtain here falls between us. I go
to the house of another. If I leave it before I quit the earth,
it shall be only for the House of God. Once more, farewell both!
The fatal doom,' he said, with a melancholy smile, 'will, I
trust, now depart from the House of Redgauntlet, since its
present representative has adhered to the winning side. I am
convinced he will not change it, should it in turn become the
losing one.'

The unfortunate Charles Edward had now given his last adieus to
his downcast adherents. He made a sign with his hand to
Redgauntlet, who came to assist him into the skiff. General
Campbell also offered his assistance, the rest appearing too much
affected by the scene which had taken place to prevent him.

'You are not sorry, general, to do me this last act of courtesy,'
said the Chevalier; 'and, on my part, I thank you for it. You
have taught me the principle on which men on the scaffold feel
forgiveness and kindness even for their executioner. Farewell!'

They were seated in the boat, which presently pulled off from the
land. The Oxford divine broke out into a loud benediction, in
terms which General Campbell was too generous to criticize at the
time, or to remember afterwards;--nay, it is said, that, Whig and
Campbell as he was, he could not help joining in the universal
Amen! which resounded from the shore.



I am truly sorry, my worthy and much-respected sir, that my
anxious researches have neither, in the form of letters, nor of
diaries or other memoranda, been able to discover more than I
have hitherto transmitted, of the history of the Redgauntlet
family. But I observe in an old newspaper called the WHITEHALL
GAZETTE, of which I fortunately possess a file for several years,
that Sir Arthur Darsie Redgauntlet was presented to his late
Majesty at the drawing-room, by Lieut.-General Campbell--upon
which the editor observes, in the way of comment, that we were
going, REMIS ATQUE VELIS, into the interests of the Pretender,
since a Scot had presented a Jacobite at Court. I am sorry I
have not room (the frank being only uncial) for his further
observations, tending to show the apprehensions entertained by
many well-instructed persons of the period, that the young king
might himself be induced to become one of the Stuarts' faction,--
a catastrophe from which it has pleased Heaven to preserve these

I perceive also, by a marriage-contract in the family
repositories, that Miss Lilias Redgauntlet of Redgauntlet, about
eighteen months after the transactions you have commemorated,
intermarried with Alan Fairford, Esq., Advocate, of Clinkdollar,
who, I think, we may not unreasonably conclude to be the same
person whose name occurs so frequently in the pages of your
narration. In my last excursion to Edinburgh, I was fortunate
enough to discover an old caddie, from whom, at the expense of a
bottle of whisky and half a pound of tobacco, I extracted the
important information, that he knew Peter Peebles very well, and
had drunk many a mutchkin with him in Caddie Fraser's time. He
said 'that he lived ten years after King George's accession, in
the momentary expectation of winning his cause every day in the
session time, and every hour in the day, and at last fell down
dead, in what my informer called a 'perplexity fit,' upon a
proposal for a composition being made to him in the Outer House.
I have chosen to retain my informer's phrase, not being able
justly to determine whether it is a corruption of the word
apoplexy, as my friend Mr. Oldbuck supposes, or the name of some
peculiar disorder incidental to those who have concern in the
courts of law, as many callings and conditions of men have
diseases appropriate to themselves. The same caddie also
remembered Blind Willie Stevenson, who was called Wandering
Willie, and who ended his days 'unco beinly, in Sir Arthur
Redgauntlet's ha' neuk.' 'He had done the family some good
turn,' he said, 'specially when ane of the Argyle gentlemen was
coming down on a wheen of them that had the "auld leaven" about
them, and wad hae taen every man of them, and nae less nor headed
and hanged them. But Willie, and a friend they had, called Robin
the Rambler, gae them warning, by playing tunes such as "The
Campbells are coming" and the like, whereby they got timeous
warning to take the wing.' I need not point out to your
acuteness, my worthy sir, that this seems to refer to some
inaccurate account of the transactions in which you seem so much

Respecting Redgauntlet, about whose subsequent history you are
more particularly inquisitive, I have learned from an excellent
person who was a priest in the Scottish Monastery of Ratisbon,
before its suppression, that he remained for two or three years
in the family of the Chevalier, and only left it at last in
consequence of some discords in that melancholy household. As he
had hinted to General Campbell, he exchanged his residence for
the cloister, and displayed in the latter part of his life, a
strong sense of the duties of religion, which in his earlier days
he had too much neglected, being altogether engaged in political
speculations and intrigues. He rose to the situation of prior,
in the house which he belonged to, and which was of a very strict
order of religion. He sometimes received his countrymen, whom
accident brought to Ratisbon, and curiosity induced to visit the
Monastery of --. But it was remarked, that though he listened
with interest and attention, when Britain, or particularly
Scotland, became the subject of conversation, yet he never either
introduced or prolonged the subject, never used the English
language, never inquired about English affairs, and, above all,
never mentioned his own family. His strict observation of the
rules of his order gave him, at the time of his death, some
pretensions to be chosen a saint, and the brethren of the
Monastery of -- made great efforts for that effect, and brought
forward some plausible proofs of miracles. But there was a
circumstance which threw a doubt over the subject, and prevented
the consistory from acceding to the wishes of the worthy
brethren. Under his habit, and secured in a small silver box, he
had worn perpetually around his neck a lock of-hair, which the
fathers avouched to be a relic. But the Avvocato del Diabolo, in
combating (as was his official duty) the pretensions of the
candidate for sanctity, made it at least equally probable that
the supposed relic was taken from the head of a brother of the
deceased prior, who had been executed for adherence to the Stuart
family in 1745-6; and the motto, HAUD OBLIVISCENDUM, seemed to
intimate a tone of mundane feeling and recollection of injuries,
which made it at least doubtful whether, even in the quiet and
gloom of the cloister, Father Hugo had forgotten the sufferings
and injuries of the House of Redgauntlet.

June 10, 1824,



In explanation of this circumstance, I cannot help adding a note
not very necessary for the reader, which yet I record with
pleasure, from recollection of the kindness which it evinces. In
early youth I resided for a considerable time in the vicinity of
the beautiful village of Kelso, where my life passed in a very
solitary manner. I had few acquaintances, scarce any companions,
and books, which were at the time almost essential to my
happiness, were difficult to come by. It was then that I was
particularly indebted to the liberality and friendship of an old
lady of the Society of Friends, eminent for her benevolence and
charity. Her deceased husband had been a medical man of
eminence, and left her, with other valuable property, a small and
well-selected library. This the kind old lady permitted me to
rummage at pleasure, and carry home what volumes I chose, on
condition that I should take, at the same time, some of the
tracts printed for encouraging and extending the doctrines of her
own sect. She did not even exact any promise that I would read
these performances, being too justly afraid of involving me in a
breach of promise, but was merely desirous that I should have the
chance of instruction within my reach, in case whim, curiosity,
or accident, might induce me to have recourse to it.


The personages here mentioned are most of them characters of
historical fame; but those less known and remembered may be found
in the tract entitled, 'The Judgment and Justice of God
Exemplified, or, a Brief Historical Account of some of the Wicked
Lives and Miserable Deaths of some of the most remarkable
Apostates and Bloody Persecutors, from the Reformation till after
the Revolution.' This constitutes a sort of postscript or
appendix to John Howie of Lochgoin's 'Account of the Lives of the
most eminent Scots Worthies.' The author has, with considerable
ingenuity, reversed his reasoning upon the inference to be drawn
from the prosperity or misfortunes which befall individuals in
this world, either in the course of their lives or in the hour of
death. In the account of the martyrs' sufferings, such
inflictions are mentioned only as trials permitted by providence,
for the better and brighter display of their faith, and constancy
of principle. But when similar afflictions befell the opposite
party, they are imputed to the direct vengeance of Heaven upon
their impiety. If, indeed, the life of any person obnoxious to
the historian's censures happened to have passed in unusual
prosperity, the mere fact of its being finally concluded by
death, is assumed as an undeniable token of the judgement of
Heaven, and, to render the conclusion inevitable, his last scene
is generally garnished with some singular circumstances. Thus
the Duke of Lauderdale is said, through old age but immense
corpulence, to have become so sunk in spirits, 'that his heart
was not the bigness of a walnut.'


I have heard in my youth some such wild tale as that placed in
the mouth of the blind fiddler, of which, I think, the hero was
Sir Robert Grierson of Lagg, the famous persecutor. But the
belief was general throughout Scotland that the excessive
lamentation over the loss of friends disturbed the repose of the
dead, and broke even the rest of the grave. There are several
instances of this in tradition, but one struck me particularly,
as I heard it from the lips of one who professed receiving it
from those of a ghost-seer. This was a Highland lady, named
Mrs. C-- of B--, who probably believed firmly in the truth of an
apparition which seems to have originated in the weakness of her
nerves and strength of her imagination. She had been lately left
a widow by her husband, with the office of guardian to their only
child. The young man added to the difficulties of his charge by
an extreme propensity for a military life, which his mother was
unwilling to give way to, while she found it impossible to
repress it. About this time the Independent Companies, formed
for the preservation of the peace of the Highlands, were in the
course of being levied; and as a gentleman named Cameron, nearly
connected with Mrs. C--, commanded one of those companies, she
was at length persuaded to compromise the matter with her son, by
permitting him to enter this company in the capacity of a cadet,
thus gratifying his love of a military life without the dangers
of foreign service, to which no one then thought these troops
were at all liable to be exposed, while even their active service
at home was not likely to be attended with much danger. She
readily obtained a promise from her relative that he would be
particular in his attention to her son and therefore concluded
she had accommodated matters between her son's wishes and his
safety in a way sufficiently attentive to both. She set off to
Edinburgh to get what was awanting for his outfit, and shortly
afterwards received melancholy news from the Highlands. The
Independent Company into which her son was to enter had a
skirmish with a party of caterans engaged in some act of spoil,
and her friend the captain being wounded, and out of the reach of
medical assistance, died in consequence. This news was a
thunderbolt to the poor mother, who was at once deprived of her
kinsman's advice and assistance, and instructed by his fate of
the unexpected danger to which her son's new calling exposed him.
She remained also in great sorrow for her relative, whom she
loved with sisterly affection. These conflicting causes of
anxiety, together with her uncertainty, whether to continue or
change her son's destination, were terminated in the following

The house in which Mrs. C-- resided in the old town of Edinburgh,
was a flat or story of a land accessible, as was then universal,
by a common stair. The family who occupied the story beneath
were her acquaintances, and she was in the habit of drinking tea
with them every evening. It was accordingly about six o'clock,
when, recovering herself from a deep fit of anxious reflection,
she was about to leave the parlour in which she sat in order to
attend this engagement. The door through which she was to pass
opened, as was very common in Edinburgh, into a dark passage. In
this passage, and within a yard of her when she opened the door,
stood the apparition of her kinsman, the deceased officer, in his
full tartans, and wearing his bonnet. Terrified at what she saw,
or thought she saw, she closed the door hastily, and, sinking on
her knees by a chair, prayed to be delivered from the horrors of
the vision. She remained in that posture till her friends below
tapped on the door, to intimate that tea was ready. Recalled to
herself by the signal, she arose, and, on opening the apartment
door, again was confronted by the visionary Highlander, whose
bloody brow bore token, on this second appearance, to the death
he had died. Unable to endure this repetition of her terrors,
Mrs. C-- sank on the door in a swoon. Her friends below,
startled with the noise, came upstairs, and, alarmed at the
situation in which they found her, insisted on her going to bed
and taking some medicine, in order to compose what they took for
a nervous attack. They had no sooner left her in quiet, than the
apparition of the soldier was once more visible in the apartment.
This time she took courage and said, 'In the name of God, Donald,
why do you haunt one who respected and loved you when living?'
To which he answered readily, in Gaelic, 'Cousin, why did you not
speak sooner? My rest is disturbed by your unnecessary
lamentation--your tears scald me in my shroud. I come to tell
you that my untimely death ought to make no difference in your
views for your son; God will raise patrons to supply my place and
he will live to the fullness of years, and die honoured and at
peace.' The lady of course followed her kinsman's advice and as
she was accounted a person of strict veracity, we may conclude
the first apparition an illusion of the fancy, the final one a
lively dream suggested by the other two.


This unfortunate litigant (for a person named Peter Peebles
actually flourished) frequented the courts of justice in Scotland
about the year 1792, and the sketch of his appearance is given
from recollection. The author is of opinion that he himself had
at one time the honour to be counsel for Peter Peebles, whose
voluminous course of litigation served as a sort of assay-pieces
to most young men who were called to the bar. The scene of the
consultation is entirely imaginary.


This small dark coffee-house, now burnt down, was the resort of
such writers and clerks belonging to the Parliament House above
thirty years ago as retained the ancient Scottish custom of a
meridian, as it was called, or noontide dram of spirits. If
their proceedings were watched, they might be seen to turn
fidgety about the hour of noon, and exchange looks with each
other from their separate desks, till at length some one of
formal and dignified presence assumed the honour of leading the
band, when away they went, threading the crowd like a string of
wild fowl, crossed the square or close, and following each other
into the coffee-house, received in turn from the hand of the
waiter, the meridian, which was placed ready at the bar. This
they did, day by day: and though they did not speak to each
other, they seemed to attach a certain degree of sociability to
performing the ceremony in company.


It may be here mentioned, that a violent and popular attack upon
what the country people of this district considered as an
invasion of their fishing right is by no means an improbable
fiction. Shortly after the close of the American war, Sir James
Graham of Netherby constructed a dam-dyke, or cauld, across the
Esk, at a place where it flowed through his estate, though it has
its origin, and the principal part of its course, in Scotland.
The new barrier at Netherby was considered as an encroachment
calculated to prevent the salmon from ascending into Scotland,
and the right of erecting it being an international question of
law betwixt the sister kingdoms, there was no court in either
competent to its decision. In this dilemma, the Scots people
assembled in numbers by signal of rocket lights, and, rudely
armed with fowling-pieces, fish-spears, and such rustic weapons,
marched to the banks of the river for the purpose of pulling down
the dam-dyke objected to. Sir James Graham armed many of his own
people to protect his property, and had some military from
Carlisle for the same purpose. A renewal of the Border wars had
nearly taken place in the eighteenth century, when prudence and
moderation on both sides saved much tumult, and perhaps some
bloodshed. The English proprietor consented that a breach should
be made in his dam-dyke sufficient for the passage of the fish,
and thus removed the Scottish grievance. I believe the river has
since that time taken the matter into its own disposal, and
entirely swept away the dam-dyke in question.


Scotland, in its half-civilized state, exhibited too many
examples of the exertion of arbitrary force and violence,
rendered easy by the dominion which lairds exerted over their
tenants and chiefs over their clans. The captivity of Lady
Grange, in the desolate cliffs of Saint Kilda, is in the
recollection of every one. At the supposed date of the novel
also a man of the name of Merrilees, a tanner in Leith, absconded
from his country to escape his creditors; and after having slain
his own mastiff dog, and put a bit of red cloth in its mouth, as
if it had died in a contest with soldiers, and involved his own
existence in as much mystery as possible, made his escape into
Yorkshire. Here he was detected by persons sent in search of
him, to whom he gave a portentous account of his having been
carried off and concealed in various places. Mr. Merrilees was,
in short, a kind of male Elizabeth Canning, but did not trespass
on the public credulity quite so long.


I am sorry to say that the modes of concealment described in the
imaginary premises of Mr. Trumbull, are of a kind which have been
common on the frontiers of late years. The neighbourhood of two
nations having different laws, though united in government, still
leads to a multitude of transgressions on the Border, and extreme
difficulty in apprehending delinquents. About twenty years
since, as far as my recollection serves, there was along the
frontier an organized gang of coiners, forgers, smugglers, and
other malefactors, whose operations were conducted on a scale not
inferior to what is here described. The chief of the party was
one Richard Mendham a carpenter, who rose to opulence, although
ignorant even of the arts of reading and writing. But he had
found a short road to wealth, and had taken singular measures for
conducting his operations. Amongst these, he found means to
build, in a suburb of Berwick called Spittal, a street of small
houses, as if for the investment of property. He himself
inhabited one of these; another, a species of public-house, was
open to his confederates, who held secret and unsuspected
communication with him by crossing the roofs of the intervening
houses, and descending by a trap-stair, which admitted them into
the alcove of the dining-room of Dick Mendham's private mansion.
A vault, too, beneath Mendham's stable, was accessible in the
manner mentioned in the novel. The post of one of the stalls
turned round on a bolt being withdrawn, and gave admittance to a
subterranean place of concealment for contraband and stolen
goods, to a great extent. Richard Mendham, the head of this very
formidable conspiracy, which involved malefactors of every kind,
was tried and executed at Jedburgh, where the author was present
as Sheriff of Selkirkshire. Mendham had previously been tried,
but escaped by want of proof and the ingenuity of his counsel.


In excuse of what may be considered as a violent infraction of
probability in this chapter, the author is under the necessity of
quoting a tradition which many persons may recollect having
heard. It was always said, though with very little appearance of
truth, that upon the Coronation of the late George III, when the
champion of England, Dymock, or his representative, appeared in
Westminster Hall, and in the language of chivalry solemnly
wagered his body to defend in single combat the right of the
young King to the crown of these realms, at the moment when he
flung down his gauntlet as the gage of battle, an unknown female
stepped from the crowd and lifted the pledge, leaving another
gage in room of it, with a paper expressing, that if a fair field
of combat should be allowed, a champion of rank and birth would
appear with equal arms to dispute the claim of King George to the
British kingdoms. The story is probably one of the numerous
fictions which were circulated to keep up the spirits of a
sinking faction, The incident was, however, possible, if it could
be supposed to he attended by any motive adequate to the risk,
and might be imagined to occur to a person of Redgauntlet's
enthusiastic character. George III, it is said, had a police of
his own, whose agency was so efficient, that the sovereign was
able to tell his prime minister upon one occasion, to his great
surprise, that the Pretender was in London. The prime minister
began immediately to talk of measures to be taken, warrants to be
procured, messengers and guards to be got in readiness. 'Pooh,
pooh,' said the good-natured sovereign, since I have found him
out, leave me alone to deal with him.'--'And what,' said the
minister, 'is your Majesty's purpose, in so important a case?'--
'To leave the young man to himself,' said George III; 'and when
he tires he will go back again.' The truth of this story does
not depend on that of the lifting of the gauntlet; and while the
latter could be but an idle bravado, the former expresses George
Ill's goodness of heart and soundness of policy.


The persons engaged in these occupations were at this time
bondsmen; and in case they left the ground of the farm to which
they belonged, and as pertaining to which their services were
bought or sold, they were liable to be brought back by a summary
process. The existence of this species of slavery being thought
irreconcilable with the spirit of liberty, colliers and salters
were declared free, and put upon the same footing with other
servants, by the Act 15 Geo. III chapter 28th. They were so far
from desiring or prizing the blessing conferred on them, that
they esteemed the interest taken in their freedom to be a mere
decree on the part of the proprietors to get rid of what they
called head and harigald money, payable to them when a female of
their number, by bearing a child, made an addition to the live
stock of their master's property.


ABOON, above.
AD LITEM, in law.
AD VINDICTAM PUBLICAM, for the public defence.
ADUST, looking as if burned or scorched.
AE, one.
AFFLATUS, breath, inspiration.
AIRT, direct.
ALCANDER, a Greek soothsayer.
ALDEBORONTIPHOSCOPHORNIO, a courtier in H. Carey's burlesque,
ALIMENTARY, nourishing.
ALQUIFE, an enchanter in the mediaeval romances of knight-
AMADIS, a hero of the romances, especially in Amadis of Gaul.
ANENT, about.
ANES, once.
ANNO DOMINI, in the year of the Lord.
ARGUMENTUM AD HOMINEM, AD FEMINAM, lit. 'the argument to a man,
to a woman,' refutation of a man's argument by an example
drawn from his own conduct.
ARIES, earnest-money, a gift.
ARS LONGA, VITA BREVIS, art is long, life short.
ARS MEDENDI, art of medicine.
APPROBATE, approve.
AULD REEKIE, Edinburgh.
ADVOCATO DEL DIABOLO, lit. 'the devil's advocate', one whose duty
it is to oppose the canonization of a person on whose behalf
claims to sanctity are made.
AWSOME, awful, fearful.

BACK-GANGING, behind hand in paying.
BACKSPAUL, the back of the shoulder.
BALLANT, a ballad, a fable.
BANNOCK, a flat, round cake.
BARLEY-BROO, barley-broth.
BARON-OFFICER, the magistrate's officer in a burgh of barony.
BARTIZAN, a small overhanging turret, the battlements.
BEAUFET, cupboard.
BEAVER, the lower part of the helmet.
BEIN, comfortable.
BELISARIUS, a general of the Eastern Empire ungratefully treated
by the Emperor Justinian.
BENEDICTE, bless you.
BETIMES THE MORN, early in the morning.
BICKER, a wooden vessel for holding drink; a quarrel.
BILLIE, a term of familiarity, comrade.
BIRKIE, a smart fellow.
BIRLING, merry-making.
BIT, small.
BLATE, shy, bashful.
BLAWING, flattering.
BLEEZING, bragging.
BLUE-CAP, a Scotsman.
BOGLE, a ghost, a scarecrow.
BON VIVANTS, lovers of good living.
BONA ROBA, a showy wanton.
BONUS SOCIUS, good comrade.
BORREL, common, rude.
BRAID, broad.
BRASH, a sudden storm, an attack.
BRATTLE, a clattering noise, as of a horse going at full speed.
BRAW, brave, fine.
BRENT BROO, high brow.
BROCARD, maxim.
BROSE, oatmeal which has had boiling water poured upon it.
BROWN, a famous landscape gardener.
BROWST, a brewing.
BUCEPHALUS, the favourite horse of Alexander the Great.
BUCKIE, an imp, a fellow with an evil twist in his character.
BUFF NOR STYE, neither one thing nor another.
BUFFERS, pistols.
BUSK, deck up.
BY ORDINAR, extraordinary, uncommon.
BYE AND ATTOUR, over and above.

CADGER, a travelling dealer.
CADDIE, a porter, an errand-boy.
CAETERA PRORSUS IGNORO, in short, I know nothing of the rest.
CALLANT, a young lad.
CALLER, cool, fresh.
CANNY, shrewd, prudent, quiet.
CANTLE, fragment.
CAPERNOITED, crabbed, foolish.
CAPRICCIOS, a fanciful composition.
CAPRIOLE, a leap made by a horse without advancing.
CARDINAL, a woman's cloak.
CARLINES, old women.
CATILINA OMNIUM, ETC. Catilina had surrounded himself with the
most vile and criminal company.
CAUSEWAY, path, roadway.
CAVALIERE SERVENTE, gentleman in attendance.
CAVE NE LITERAS, ETC. take care that you are not carrying
Bellerophon's letters (letters unfavourable to the bearer).
CHACK, a slight repast.
CHANCY, safe, auspicious.
CHANGE-HOUSE, a small inn or ale-house.
CHANTER, the tenor or treble pipe in a bag-pipe.
CHAPE, a thin metal blade at the end of a scabbard.
CHAPEAU BRAS, a low, three-cornered hat.
CHOUGH, a bird of the crow family.
CHUCKY, fowl.
CHUCKY-STONES, small stones, a child's game.
CLAP AND HOPPER, signs of the mill.
CLAVERS, gossip, idle talk.
CLEEK, lay hold on.
CLEIK IN, to join company.
CLOSE, an alley, a narrow way.
CLOSE-HEADS, the entry to an alley, a meeting-place for gossips.
CLOUR, to strike, to bump.
COBLE, a little boat.
COCKERNONY, top-knot.
COGIE, small wooden bowl.
COMMUNE FORUM, ETC. the common court is the common dwelling-place.
CORDWAIN, Spanish leather.
CORIOLANUS, a Roman patrician, who, being driven from the city,
took refuge with Aufidius, the leader of the Volsci.
COUP, fall, upset.
COURIER DE L'EUROPE, a newspaper.
COVYNE, artifice.
CRACK, gossip.
CRAIG, throat, neck.
CRAWSTEP, the steplike edges of a gable seen in some old houses.
CREEL, basket carried on the back.
CREMONY, Cremona [where the best fiddles were made].
CROWDER, fiddler.
CUR ME EXAMINAS QUERELIS TUIS?, why do you wear me out with your
CURN, a very little.

DAFT, crazy.
DAIS, a canopy, a table placed above the others, a room of state.
DARGLE, dell.
DAURG, day's work.
DE APICIBUS JURIS, from the high places of the law.
DE PERICULO ET COMMODO REI VENDITAE, concerning the risk and
profit of sales.
DEAD-THRAW, death-thraw.
DEBOSHED, debauched.
DEFORCEMENT--SPULZIE--SOUTHRIEF, legal terms for resisting an
officer of law.
DEIL, devil.
DELATE, accuse.
DELICT, misdemeanour, QUASI DELICT, apparent offence.
DEPONE, to testify.
DERNIER RESORT, last resort.
DIABLERIE, sorcery, witchcraft.
DILIGENCE, writ of execution, coach.
DING, to knock, beat down.
DIRDUM, uproar, disturbance.
DITTAY, an indictment.
DIVOT, thin turf used for thatching cottages.
DOCH AN DORROCH, the stirrup cup.
DOMINUS LITIS, one of the principals in a law suit.
DOOL, sorrow, sad consequences.
DOOR-CHEEK, door-post.
DOUCE, respectable.
DRAMATIS PERSONAE, persons of the drama.
DRAPPIT, fried.
DRIBBLE, a drop.
DRIFT, drift-snow.
DULCINEA, Don Quixote's imaginary mistress.
DUNSTABLE, something simple and matter-of-fact.
DYVOUR, bankrupt.

EKE, addition.
EMBONPOINT, plumpness.
EN CROUPE, riding behind one another.
ET PER CONTRA, and on the other side.
EVITE, avoid.
EX COMITATE, out of courtesy.
EX MISERICORDIA, out of pity.
EXCEPTIO FIRMAT REGULAM, the exception proves the rule.
EXOTIC, of foreign origin.

FACTOR LOCO TUTORIS, an agent acting in place of a guardian.
FARDEL, burden.
FASH, FASHERIE, trouble.
FECK, space.
FEMME DE CHAMBRE, chamber-maid.
FIERI, to be made.
FLACON, a smelling bottle.
FLAP, gust.
FLIP, a drink consisting of beer and spirit sweetened.
FLORY, frothy.
FORBY, besides.
FORENSIC, legal.
FORFOUGHEN, out of breath, distressed.
FORPIT, fourth part of a peck.
FORTALICE, a small outwork.
FRIST, to postpone, give credit,
FUGIE, fugitive.
FUNCTUS OFFICIO, having finished my duties, 'out of office'.

GABERLUNZIE, a beggar.
GAEN, gone.
GALLOWAY, a strong Scotch cob.
GANGREL, wandering, a vagrant.
GAR, to force, make.
GATE, way, road.
GAUGER, an exciseman.
GENTRICE, gentle blood.
GIFF-GAFF, give and take.
GIRDED, hooped like a barrel.
GIRN, to grin, cry.
GLAIKET, giddy, rash.
GLIFF, glimpse, moment,
GOWFF BA', golf ball.
GRAINED, groaned.
GRANA INVECTA ET ILLATA, grain brought and imported.
GRAT, wept.
GRILLADE, a broiled dish.
GRIT, great.
GROSSART, gooseberry.
GRUE, to creep, shiver,
GUDESIRE, grandfather.
GUIDE, to deal with, to employ.
GUMPLE-FOISTED, sulky, sullen.
GWAY, very.
GYTES, contemptuous name for a young child, a brat.

HAFFLINS, half-grown.
HAILL, all, the whole.
HAIRST, harvest.
HAMESUCKEN, assaulting a person in his own house.
HAMSHACKLE, to fasten.
HANK, a hold.
HAP, to hop, turn from.
HARPOCRATES, an Egyptian god, supposed by the Greeks to be the
god of silence.
HAUGH, holm, low-lying flat ground.
HAULD, place of abode.
HAVINGS, behaviour.
HEFTED, closed, as a knife in its haft.
HELLICAT, extravagant, light-headed.
HEMPEY, rogue.
HET, hot.
HEUCK, sickle.
HINC ILLAE LACRYMAE, hence these tears.
HINNY, honey, a term of endearment.
HIPPOGRIFF, a fabulous winged animal, half horse and half griffin.
HODDIN-GREY, cloth manufactured from undyed wool.
HOMOLOGATING, ratifying, approving.
HOOKS, OFF THE, light-headed.
HOSE-NET, a small net used for rivulet fishing.
HOW-COME-SO, light-headed.
HUMOURSOME, subject to moods.
HUSSEY, lady's needle-case.
HYSON, green tea from China.

IGNIS FATUUS, will o' the wisp.
ILK, each; of the same name, as Redgauntlet of that Ilk
=Redgauntlet of Redgauntlet.
ILL-DEEDIE, mischievous.
ILL-FAUR'D, ugly, ill-favoured.
IN CIVILIBUS or CRIMINALIBUS, in civil or criminal causes.
IN FORO CONSCIENTIAE, in the assize of conscience.
IN MEDITATIONE FUGAE, meditating flight.
INCEDIT SICUT LEO VORANS, goeth about like a roaring lion.
INCOGNITA, unknown.
INFRA DIG, beneath one's dignity.
INSTANTER, at once.
INTROMIT, to medldle with.
INVITA MINERVA, against my bent.

JACK, a metal pitcher.
JAZY, wig.
JET D'EAU, jet of water.
JORUM, a drinking-vessel, or the liquor in it.
JOW, to toll.
JURIDICAL, pertaining to a judge or to the courts.

KATTERFELTO, a famous quack.
KEEK, to look.
KEFFEL, a bad horse.

LAIGH, low.
LAND-LOUPER, runagate, vagabond.
LARES, household gods, the special divinities of a family.
LAP, leaped; fold.
LAVE, rest, remainder.
LAWING, inn reckoning.
LEAL, loyal, true.
LEASING-MAKING, lies, slander, seditious words.
LEASOWES, the estate of the poet Shenstone.
LEE-SIDE, the side of a vessel farthest from the point where the
wind blows.
LEESOME LANE, his dear self alone.
LEEVIN, living.
LEE WAY, arrears of work.
LEG, TO MAKE A, to bow.
LETTRES DE CACHET, sealed letters issued by the King of France,
conferring power over the liberty of others.
LEX AQUARUM, the law of the waters.
LIMMER, a loose woman, a jade.
LING, thin long grass, heather.
LOANING, a meadow, pasture where the cows were milked,
LOE, love.
LOON, fellow, rogue.
LOOPY, crafty.
LOUIS-D'OR, a French gold coin worth from 16s, 6d. to 18s. 9d.
LOUP, leap.
LOUP-THE-DYKE, giddy, runaway.
LOUP THE TETHER, breaking loose from restraint.
LUCKY, a name given to an elderly dame.
LUG, the ear.
LUM, chimney.

MACER, a court official.
MAILING, a small farm or rented property.
MAILS, rents.
MALVERSATION, fraudulent tricks.
MARCH, border.
MARE MAGNUM, the great sea.
MARIUS, a Roman general, leader in the civil war against Sulla.
MEAR, mare.
MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN, the writing seen by Belshazzar
(Daniel V. 25).
MENYIE, retinue.
MERIDIAN, noon; a mid-day drink.
MERK, an old Scottish coin=1s. 1 1/2d. in English money.
MESSAN, a lap-dog, a little dog.
MICKLE, much.
MIFFED, piqued.
MILLAR, Philip Millar, author of several works on gardening.
MINOS, a law-giver of Crete, afterwards set as a judge in Hades.
MISHANTER, mischief.
MISPRISION OF TREASON, concealment of treason.
MOIDART, a loch in Inverness, where Prince Charles Stuart landed,
MOIDORE, a gold coin of Portugal worth about L1 7s. 0d.
MORE SOLITO, in the accustomed manner.
MORE TUO, in your own way.
MUILS, slippers.
MUISTED, scented.
MUTCHKIN, English pint.

NE QUID NIMIS, do nothing in excess.
NEGATUR, lit. 'it is denied,' I deny it.
NEGOTIORUM GESTOR, manager of affairs.
NEREID, a sea-nymph.
NIGRI SUNT HYACINTHI, irises are dark flowers.
NIHIL NOVIT IN CAUSA, nothing is known of the case.
NIPPERKIN, a small cup, a liquid measure.
NOM DE GUERRE, professional name.
NOMINE DAMNI, in the name of damages.
NONJURING, not swearing allegiance to the government, loyal to the
NOSCITUR A SOCIO, he is known by his friend.
NOVITER REPERTUM, newly discovered.

OHE, JAM SATIS, oh, enough.
OMNE IGNOTUM PRO TERRIBILI, the unknown is always held in terror.
OMNI SUSPICIONE MAJOR, above all suspicion.
ORIGO MALI, cause of the evil.
ORNATURE, adornment, decoration.
ORRA, odd.
OVERTURE, opening.
OWERLAY, cravat.
OYE, a grandson.

PACK OR PEEL, to traffic.
PANDE MANUM, hold out your hand.
PANDECTS, a digest of Roman law.
PAR EXCELLENCE, above all, specially.
PAR ORDONNANCE DU MEDECIN, by the doctor's orders.
PARMA NON BENE SELECTA, a shield, or defence, not well chosen.
PAROCHINE, parish.
PATER NOSTER, Our Father, the Lord's Prayer.
PATRIA POTESTAS, paternal authority.
PAWMIE, a stroke on the palm of the hand.
PEACH, betray, speak out.
PEEL-HOUSE, a small fortified house, or tower.
PEGASUS, the winged horse of the Muses.
PENDENTE LITE, whilst the case is proceeding.
PENDICLES, articles, small parts.
PER AMBAGES, by circumlocution, in a roundabout way.
PER CONTRA, on the other side.
PERDU, concealed, lost.
PERIPATETIC, walking, wandering.
PESSIMI EXEMPLI, the worst possible example.
PETTLE, a plough-staff.
PHALARIS'S BULL, a furnace shaped like a bull into which the
tyrant Phalaris used to cast his victims.
PISCATOR, fisherman.
PISTOLE, a gold coin worth about 16s.
PLACK, a small copper coin, equal to one-third of an English penny.
PLEACH, interweave.
PLICATIONS, folds, wrinkles.
PLOY, a frolic.
POCK-PUDDING, a contemptuous term applied to Englishmen
POINT D'ESPAGNE, Spanish lace.
POKE, pocket.
PORT ROYAL, a monastery near Paris which became the headquarters
of the Jansenists, the opponents of the Jesuits.
POSSE COMITATUS, the civil force of a county.
POUND SCOTS, worth about 1s. 8d. English money.
PRACTIQUES, practices of the profession.
PRECOGNITION, examination prior to prosecution.
PRECOGNOSCED, to take precognition of.
PRETERMIT, omit, pass by.
PURSUIVANTS, an officer-at-arms, in rank below a herald.

QUAERE, query, a question.
QUEAN, a young woman, a wench.
QUI VIVE, alert, cautious.
QUID, piece of tobacco to chew.
QUID TIBI CUM LYRA, what hast thou to do with the lyre?
QUORUM, the body of justices, so called from a word used in the
commission appointing them.

RANT, a noisy dance-tune.
RAPPAREE, an Irish plunderer; a worthless fellow,
RATIONE OFFICII, by virtue of his position.
RATTLING, lively, brisk.
RAX, stretch.
REAMING, frothing, foaming.
REDD, clear up, tidy.
REGIAM MAJESTATEM, a collection of Scotch laws.
REIVER, robber.
REMEDIUM JURIS, legal remedy.
RIGDUM-FUNNIDOS, a courtier in H. Carey's burlesque,
RIPE, search.
RUDAS, a scold, a virago.
RUG, a share, a good mouthful.

SANCTA WINIFREDA, ORA PRO NOBIS, Saint Winifred, pray for us.
SARTUM ATQUE TECTUM, repaired and covered.
SAT EST, it is enough.
SAWNEY, a nickname for a Scotchman.
SCARBOROUGH WARNING, the blow before the threat.
SCOWP, quaff.
SCRUB, the name of a footman in the BEAUX' STRATAGEM (Geo.
Farquhar, 1704).
SCULDUDDERY, loose, immoral.
SEALGH, seal,
SEA-MAWS, sea-mews.
SECUNDUM ARTEM, according to the rules of his art.
SEDERUNT, a sitting of the courts.
SEMPLE, simple, not of gentle birth,
SHILPIT, weak; poor, shabby.
SHINGLES, thin boards used for roofs.
SI NON CASTE, CAUTE TAMEN, if not for virtue's sake, yet for
SIB, kin.
SIGMA, the Greek S.
SINE DIE, without a date, indefinitely.
SIS MEMOR MEI, be mindful of me.
SKELLOCH, screech.
SKINKER, a server of liquor.
SKIRL, to scream.
SKIVIE, harebrained.
SLEEKIT, smooth.
SLOKEN, quench.
SNELL, sharp, terrible.
SNICKERS, sniggers.
SOCIETAS EST MATER DISCORDIARUM, partnership is the mother of
SOLITAIRE, an ornament for the neck.
SOLON, the law-giver of Athens.
SONSY, good-humoured, sensible.
SORT, to chastise; to manage.
SORTES VIRGILIANAE, Virgilian lots; opening the works of Virgil at
random and taking the first passage read for counsel.
SOUGH, a breath, a chant.
SOUPLE, active; supple in mind or body.
SOUTER'S CLOD, a kind of coarse black bread.
SPATTERDASHES, coverings for the legs to protect them from mud.
SPEER, ask.
SPLICE THE MAIN BRACE, have an extra allowance of spirits.
SPLORE, a frolic, quarrel.
SPRATTLE, struggle, scramble.
SPRING, a merry tune.
SPRUSH, spruce.
SPULE-BLADE, shoulder blade,
SPUNK, courage, fire: SPUNKS, matches.
STEND, take long steps.
STEWARTRY, territory in Scotland administered by a steward.
STIBBLER, a divinity student, a probationer.
STILTS, plough-handles.
STUNKARD, sullen, obstinate.
SUA QUEMQUE TRAHIT VOLUPTAS, his own peculiar pleasure allures
SURTOUT, a tight-fitting, broad-skirted outer coat.
SWIPES, small beer.

TAES, toes.
TALIS QUALIS, of some kind.
TAM MARTE QUAM MERCURIO, as much devoted to Mars as to Mercury (as
much a soldier as a pleader).
TASS, a glass.
TAU, the Greek: T.
TERRA FIRMA, firm earth.
TESTE ME PER TOTUM NOCTEM VIGILANTE, I am witness as I was awake
all night.
TETE-A-TETE, a private conversation.
THAIRM, catgut.
THEMIS, the goddess of law and justice.
THIRLAGE, mortgaging of property.
THREAP, aver.
THUMBIKINS, thumbscrews, instruments of torture.
TIMOTHEUS, a famous musician.
TIPPENY, twopenny ale,
TIRTEAFUERA, a character in DON QUIXOTE, the doctor in Sancho
Panza's island government.
TITHER, the other.
TOD, a bush, a fox.
TOOM, empty.
TOUR OUT, to look about.
TOY, a linen cap; a head-dress hanging down over the shoulders.
TRANCES, passages.
TUPTOWING, beating, from the Greek verb 'tupto', to strike.
TWALPENNY, one penny sterling.
TWASOME, a pair or couple.
TYNE, loss or forfeit.
TYRO, TYRONES, beginner, beginners; novice.

UNCO, very, uncommon, strange.
URGANDA, an enchantress in the romance of AMADIS OF GAUL.

VADE RETRO, get thee behind me.
VALE, SIS MEMOR MEI, farewell, be mindful of me.
VARIUM ET MUTABILE SEMPER FEMINA, woman is always variable and
VERBUM SACERDOTIS, the word of a priest.
VIA FACTI, by personal force.
VINCERE VINCENTEM, to conquer the conquering.
VINCO VINCENTEM, ERGO VINCO TE, I conquer the conquering,
therefore I conquer you.
VIOLER, a player on a viol.
VIR SAPIENTIA ET PIETATE GRAVIS, a man of much wisdom and piety.
VIS ANIMI, strength of soul.
VITIOUS, vicious, unruly.
VOET, Jan Voet, author of a book on the PANDECTS.

W.S., writer to the signet, a lawyer.
WALING, choosing.
WAME, stomach.
WANCHANCY, unlucky, dangerous.
WARE, spend.
WARK, work, trouble.
WAUR, worse.
WEARS, weirs, dams.
WEIGH-BANKS, scales.
WHIN, gorse.
WHITTLE, a small clasp-knife.
WITHERSHINS, backwards in their courses, in the contrary way.
WUD, mad.
WYND, yard, alley.

YAULD, active.
YELLOCH, yell.
YETTS, gates.
YILL, ale.

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