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RECIPES TRIED AND TRUE.
COMPILED BY THE LADIES' AID SOCIETY OF THE FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH,
"We may live without poetry, music, and art;
We may live without conscience, and live without heart;
We may live without friends; we may live without books;
But civilized man cannot live without cooks."
PRESS OF KELLEY MOUNT.
Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1894 by the
LADIES' AID SOCIETY OF THE FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, MARION, OHIO.
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington.
To the Mothers, Wives, Sisters and Sweethearts of the Good Men of
America this Book is Dedicated by the "TRUE BLUES."
Although in putting forth this little book we do not claim that we are
filling a "Long felt want," yet we do feel that its many tried and
true recipes from our own housekeepers will be very welcome. We also
believe that it will not only be welcomed by those who recognize the
names and merits of the various contributors, but by all housekeepers,
young and old. There can never be too many helps for those who, three
times a day, must meet and answer the imperative question, "What shall
To the many who have helped so willingly in the compilation of this
book, the Editorial Committee would extend a grateful acknowledgment.
For the literary part of the work, we would beg your indulgence, since
for each of us it is the first venture in the making of a book.
"All the labor of man is for his mouth, And yet the appetite is not
SUNDAY BREAKFAST (WINTER). MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.
Oat Meal. Boston Brown Bread. Boston Baked Beans. Coffee.
PLAIN DINNER. EUGENE DE WOLFE.
Tomato Soup. Boiled Fish. Lemon Sauce. Roast Lamb. Mint Sauce.
Stewed Tomatoes. Sweet Potatoes. Spanish Cream. Coffee.
PLAIN DINNER. EUGENE DE WOLFE.
Bouillon. Boiled Spring Chicken. New Potatoes. New Peas. Lettuce,
Mayonnaise Dressing. Rhubarb Pie. Cheese. Crackers. Coffee.
OLD-FASHIONED THANKSGIVING DINNER. GAIL HAMILTON.
Roast Turkey, Oyster Dressing. Cranberry Sauce. Mashed Potatoes.
Baked Corn. Olives. Peaches. Pumpkin Pie. Mince Pie. Fruit.
FAMILY DINNERS FOR A WEEK IN SUMMER. OZELLA SEFFNER.
Green Corn Soup. Salmon and Green Peas. Roast Beef. Tomatoes. New
Potatoes. Strawberry Ice Cream. Cake. Coffee. Iced Tea.
Lamb Chops. Mint Sauce. Potatoes. Escaloped Onions. Cucumber
Salad. Orange Pudding.
Veal Soup. Fried Chicken. Green Peas. Rice Croquettes.
Strawberries and Cream.
Broiled Beef Steak. Potato Croquettes. String Beans. Tomato Salad.
Fruit Jelly. Cream Pie.
Potato Soup. Roast Veal. Baked Potatoes. Beet Salad. Asparagus.
Boiled Fish. Egg Sauce. Lamb Chops. Peas. Escaloped Potatoes.
Lettuce, Mayonnaise. Raspberry Iced Tea.
Chicken Pot Pie, with Dumplings. Spinach. Cucumber Salad. Radishes.
PLAIN FAMILY DINNERS FOR A WEEK IN WINTER. OZELLA SEFFNER.
Cracker-Ball Soup. Roast Beef and Yorkshire Pudding. Creamed
Potatoes. Celery. Mince Pie. Apricot Ice Cream. Cheese. Coffee or
Cold Roast Beef. Mashed Potatoes. Cabbage Slaw. Pickles. Plain
Plum Pudding. Cheese. Tea.
Tomato Soup. Leg of Mutton. Caper Sauce. Baked Potatoes. Stewed
Turnips. Apple Pudding. Coffee or Tea.
Lemon Bouillon. Baked Fish, with Drawn Butter. Roast Chicken.
Potatoes. Boiled Onions. Pickles or Olives. Cottage Pudding.
Roast Beef Soup. Stewed Tomatoes. Mashed Potatoes. Boiled Rice.
Turnips. Troy Pudding. Egg Sauce.
Corn Soup. Chicken Pie. French Peas. Stewed Potatoes. Cream Slaw.
Boiled Corn Beef, with Vegetables. Pork and Beans. Pickles. Indian
Pudding. Cream Sauce.
BREAKFASTS. Fall and Winter.
1. Melon. Fried Mush. Fried Oysters. Potatoes. Rolls. Coffee or
2. Melon or Fruit. Graham Cakes. Maple Syrup. New Pickles.
Broiled Steak. Corn Oysters. Coffee or Cocoa.
3. Melon or Fruit. Fried Oat Meal Mush. Syrup. Bacon, Dipped in
Eggs. Fried Potatoes. Coffee.
4. Oranges. Warm Biscuit. Jelly. Broiled Oysters on Toast. Rice
5. Oranges. Mackerel. Fried Potatoes. Ham Toast. Muffins.
6. Breakfast Bacon. Corn Griddle Cakes. Syrup. Boiled Eggs. Baked
Spring and Summer.
1. Fruit. Muffins. Ham. Eggs. Radishes. Onions. Coffee.
2. Fruit. Light Biscuit. Breakfast Bacon. Scrambled Eggs. Fried
3. Fruit. Corn Meal Muffins. Veal Cutlets. French Toast.
Radishes. New Onions. Coffee.
4. Strawberries. Lamb Chops. Cream Potatoes. Graham Muffins.
5. Raspberries. Oat Meal and Cream. Sweet Breads. Sliced Tomatoes.
Hamburg Steak. Fried Potatoes. Coffee.
6. Berries. Breakfast Bacon, Dipped in Butter and Fried. Sliced
Tomatoes. Baked Potatoes. Muffins. Coffee.
A FEW PLAIN DINNERS. GAIL HAMILTON.
1. Tomato Soup. Cranberry Sauce. Roast Pork, with Dressing.
DESSERT--Fruit and Cake. Coffee.
2. Vegetable Soup. Beef Steak and Gravy. Macaroni, with Cheese.
DESSERT--Cake and Lemon Pudding. Coffee.
3. Clam Soup. Boiled Chicken. Potatoes. Lettuce, Mayonnaise
DESSERT--Strawberry Shortcake, with Strawberry Sauce. Coffee.
"A hasty plate of soup"
The best soups are made with a blending of many flavors. Don't be
afraid of experimenting with them. Where you make one mistake you
will be surprised to find the number of successful varieties you can
produce. If you like a spicy flavor, try two or three cloves, or
allspice, or bay leaves. All soups are improved by a dash of onion,
unless it is the white soups, or purees from chicken, veal, fish, etc.
In these celery may be used.
In nothing so well as soups can a housekeeper be economical of the
odds and ends of food left from meals. One of the best cooks was in
the habit of saving everything, and announced one day, when her soup
was especially praised, that it contained the crumbs of gingerbread
from her cake box!
Creamed onions left from a dinner, or a little stewed corn or
tomatoes, potatoes fried or mashed, a few baked beans--even a small
dish of apple sauce--have often added to the flavor of soup. Of
course, all good meat gravies, or bones from roast or fried meats, can
be added to the contents of your stock kettle. A little butter is
always needed in tomato soup.
Stock is regularly prepared by taking fresh meat (cracking the bones
and cutting the meat into small pieces) and covering it with cold
water. Put it over the fire and simmer or boil gently until the meat
is very tender. Some cooks say, allow an hour for each pound of meat.
Be sure to skim carefully. When done take out meat and strain your
liquid. It will frequently jelly, and will keep in a cold place for
several days, and is useful for gravies, as well as soups.
A FINE SOUP. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Take good soup stock and strain it. When it boils add cracker balls,
made thus: To one pint of cracker crumbs add a pinch of salt and
pepper, one teaspoonful parsley, cut fine, one teaspoonful baking
powder, mixed with the crumbs, one small dessert spoon of butter, one
egg; stir all together; make into balls size of a marble; place on
platter to dry for about two hours; when ready to serve your soup put
them into the stock; boil five minutes.
ROAST BEEF SOUP. MRS. W. C. BUTCHER
To a good loin roast add six tablespoons of vinegar and small piece of
butter; salt and pepper; stick six cloves in the roast; sprinkle two
tablespoons of cinnamon and sift one cup of flour over it. Put in
oven in deep pan or kettle with a quart of boiling water; roast until
it is about half done and then strain over it three-fourths of a can
of tomatoes; finish roasting it and when done add celery-salt to suit
the taste, and one cup of sweet cream and some catsup, if preferred.
BEAN SOUP. MRS. H. F. SNYDER.
To one quart of beans add one teaspoon of soda, cover with water, let
boil until the hulls will slip off, skim the beans out, throw them
into cold water, rub with the hands, then remove the hulls; drain, and
rub until all hulls are removed; take two quarts of water to one quart
of beans, boil until the beans will mash smooth; boil a small piece of
meat with the beans. If you have no meat, rub butter and flour
together, add to the soup, pour over toasted bread or crackers, and
season with salt and pepper. Add a little parsley, if desired.
BOUILLON. MRS. W. C. DENMAN.
Take three pounds of lean beef (cut into small pieces) and one soup
bone; cover with three quarts of cold water, and heat slowly. Add one
tablespoon of salt, six pepper corns, six cloves, one tablespoon mixed
herbs, one or two onions, and boil slowly five hours. Strain, and
when cold, remove the fat. Heat again before serving, and season with
pepper, salt, and Worcester sauce, according to taste.
LEMON BOUILLON. LOUISE KRAUSE.
A DELICATE SOUP.--Take soup meat, put on to cook in cold water; boil
until very tender; season with salt. Into each soup plate slice very
fine one hard boiled egg and two or three very thin slices of lemon.
Strain the meat broth over this and serve hot, with crackers.
CORN SOUP. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.
Cover a soup bone with water, and boil one hour. Add some cabbage and
onion (cut fine). Boil two hours longer. Add twelve ears of grated
sweet corn. Season to taste.
NOODLE SOUP. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Beat three eggs. Add a pinch of salt, and flour sufficient for a
stiff dough; roll into very thin sheets; dredge with flour to avoid
sticking; turn often until dry enough to cut; cut very fine, and add
to the stock five minutes before serving. Season to taste.
OYSTER STEW. MRS. J. ED. THOMAS.
Wash one quart oysters and place on the fire. When they boil, add one
quart of boiling milk, and season with salt, pepper, and plenty of
butter. Serve with crackers or toast.
POTATO SOUP. MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.
Slice four ordinary-sized potatoes into one quart of boiling water.
When done add one quart milk; into this slice one onion. Thicken just
before serving with one egg rubbed into as much flour as it will
moisten. Pepper and salt to taste.
POTATO SOUP. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.
After stewing veal, use the stock. Slice four or five potatoes very
thin; lay them in cold water until thirty minutes before serving; add
them to the stock, with sufficient salt and pepper. Beat one
tablespoon of butter and one tablespoon of flour to cream; add to this
one pint milk; stir in the soup just before serving. This can be made
without meat by adding more butter and milk.
TOMATO SOUP. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON.
Take half a can, or six large fresh tomatoes; stew until you can pass
through a course sieve. Rub one tablespoonful of butter to a cream
with one tablespoonful flour or corn starch. Have ready a pint
scalded milk, into which stir one-half saltspoon soda. Put the
strained tomato into the soup pot; add the butter and flour, after
having heated them to almost frying point; let come to a good boil;
add just before serving; season with a little pepper, a lump of loaf
sugar, a dust of mace and a teaspoon of salt.
TOMATO SOUP. MRS. HARRY TRUE.
One quart canned tomatoes, one quart of water, a few stalks of celery;
boil until soft. Return to stove, and add three-fourths of a teaspoon
of soda and allow to effervesce; then add the liquid from one quart of
oysters, one quart boiling milk and one cup of cream. Salt, butter,
and pepper to taste. Boil a few moments and serve.
TOMATO SOUP. MRS. T. H. B. BEALE
Put on soup bone early to boil. Have two quarts of liquor on the
bone. When done, remove the bone from kettle; put one can of tomatoes
through sieve; add to the liquor; then immediately add one-half
teaspoon soda, a small lump butter, one tablespoon white sugar, one
heaping tablespoon of flour mixed with a half cup of cream or milk;
salt and pepper to taste. After the flour is in let boil up three
times, and serve.
VEGETABLE SOUP. MRS. J. S. REED.
One-fourth head cabbage, three large onions, one turnip, three large
potatoes, two tablespoons cooked beans; boil all together till tender.
Pour off all water; then add one gallon of stock. Add tomatoes, if
VEAL SOUP. MRS. SAMUEL BARTRAM.
Put a veal soup bone over the fire in one gallon of cold water; skim
carefully as it comes to a boil; after it has boiled one hour season
it with salt and pepper and half teaspoonful (scant) celery seed. In
another half hour put in one-half cup rice, one medium-sized potato
(cut in dice or thin slices), two good-sized onions (sliced fine); let
boil one-half hour longer, and when ready to serve add one egg
(well-beaten), one-half cup milk, one tablespoon flour; let come to a
boil, and serve.
VEGETABLE SOUP. MRS. G. A. LIVINGSTON.
Three onions, three carrots, three turnips, one small cabbage, one
pint tomatoes. Chop all the vegetables, except the tomatoes, very
fine. Have ready in a porcelain kettle three quarts boiling water;
put in all except tomatoes and cabbage; simmer for one-half hour; then
add the chopped cabbage and tomatoes (the tomatoes previously stewed);
also a bunch of sweet herbs. Let soup boil for twenty minutes; strain
through a sieve, rubbing all the vegetables through. Take two
tablespoonfuls butter, one tablespoon flour; beat to cream. Pepper
and salt to taste, and add a teaspoon of white sugar; one-half cup
sweet cream, if you have it; stir in butter and flour; let it boil up,
and it is ready for the table. Serve with fried bread chips or
poached eggs, one in each dish.
FISH AND OYSTERS.
"Now good digestion, wait on appetite,
And health on both."
ACCOMPANIMENTS OF FISH. MRS. DELL WEBSTER DE WOLFE.
With boiled fresh mackerel, gooseberries, stewed.
With boiled blue fish, white cream sauce and lemon sauce.
With boiled shad, mushroom, parsley and egg sauce.
Lemon makes a very grateful addition to nearly all the insipid members
of the fish tribe. Slices of lemon cut into very small dice, stirred
into drawn butter and allowed to come to a boiling point, is a very
RULE FOR SELECTING FISH.
If the gills are red, the eyes full, and the whole fish firm and
stiff, they are fresh and good; if, on the contrary, the gills are
pale, the eyes sunken, the flesh flabby, they are stale.
Take large white fish or pickerel, make a dressing as for turkey, with
the addition of one egg and a little onion; fill the fish, wrap close
with twine, lay in baking pan; put in one-half pint of water, small
lumps of butter and dredge with flour. Bake from three-fourths to one
hour, basting carefully.
CODFISH WITH EGG. MRS. E. P. TRUE.
Wash codfish; shred fine with fingers (never cut or chop it); pour
cold water over it. Place the dish on the stove and bring the water
to a boil. Throw the fish in a colander and drain. Stir a
teaspoonful of flour smoothly with water; add two tablespoonfuls of
butter and a little pepper; bring to a boil; then throw in the
codfish, with a well-beaten egg. When it boils up it is ready for
CODFISH WITH CREAM. MRS. E. P. TRUE.
Take a piece of codfish six inches square; soak twelve hours in soft,
cold water; shred fine with the fingers; boil a few moments in fresh
water. Take one-half pint cream and a little butter; stir into this
two large tablespoonfuls flour, smoothly blended in a little cold
water; pour over the fish; add one egg, well beaten. Let come to a
boil; season with black pepper.
Sliver the codfish fine; pour on boiling water; drain it off; add
butter and a little pepper. Heat three or four minutes, but do not
CODFISH BALLS. MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.
One pint shredded codfish, two quarts mashed potatoes, well seasoned
with butter and pepper--salt, if necessary. Make this mixture into
balls. After dipping them into a mixture of two eggs beaten with
one-half cup milk, place them in a dripping pan into which you have
put a little butter; place them in the oven; baste frequently with
eggs and milk; bake till a golden brown.
FRIED FISH. MRS. J. S. REED.
Wash the fish and dry well. Take one-half pint of flour and one
teaspoon salt; sift together, and roll the fish in it. Have lard very
hot, and fry quickly. When done roll in a cloth to absorb all grease.
OYSTERS ON TOAST. MRS. JOHN KISHLER.
Toast and butter a few slices of bread; lay them in a shallow dish.
Put the liquor from the oysters on to heat; add salt, pepper, and
thicken with a little flour. Just before this boils add the oysters.
Let it all boil up once, and pour over the toast.
ESCALOPED OYSTERS. EVELYN GAILEY.
Two quarts of oysters; wash them and drain off the liquor; roll some
crackers (not too fine). Put in a pan a layer of crumbs, some bits of
butter, a little pepper and salt; then a layer of oysters, and repeat
until the dish is full. Have cracker crumbs on top; turn a cup of
oyster liquor over it; add good sweet milk sufficient to thoroughly
saturate it, and bake three-fourths of an hour.
STEAMED OYSTERS. S. E. G.
Select large oysters; drain; put on a plate; place in the steamer over
a kettle of boiling water. About twenty minutes will cook them.
Season with pepper and salt; serve on soft buttered toast.
OYSTER GUMBO. ALICE TURNEY THOMPSON.
Cut up a chicken; roll in flour and brown well in a soup-pot, with a
spoonful of lard, two slices of ham, one large onion (chopped fine),
and a good-sized red pepper. When browned, cover the whole with water
and stew until the chicken is perfectly tender. Then add the liquor
of four or five dozen oysters, with water enough to make four quarts.
When it has again come to a good boil, add the oysters and stir while
sifting in one large spoonful of fresh file. Salt to taste. Serve
immediately, placing a large spoonful of boiled rice in each soup
"Gumbo File" is made of the red sassafras leaves, dried and ground
into a powder.
OYSTER PIE. MRS. ECKHART.
Make a rich pie crust, and proceed as you would to make any pie with
top crust. Have nice fat oysters and put on a thick layer, with
plenty of lumps of butter; salt and pepper, and sprinkle over cracker
crumbs. Put in the least bit of water, and cover with crust. Bake,
and serve with turkey.
OYSTER PIE. MRS. EMMA OGIER.
For crust make a dough as for baking powder biscuit. Take one quart
of oysters; remove a half dozen good-sized ones into a saucepan; put
the rest into bottom of your baking dish. Add four spoons of milk;
salt to taste, and dot closely with small lumps of butter. Over this
put your crust, about as thick as for chicken pie, and place in oven
to bake until crust is well done. Take the oyster left, add one-half
cup water, some butter, salt and pepper; let this come to a boil;
thicken with flour and milk, and serve as gravy with the pie.
FRIED OYSTERS. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.
Place New York counts in a colander to drain for a few minutes. With
a fork remove them separately to a dry towel. Place another towel
over them, allowing them to remain until all moisture is absorbed.
Have ready the beaten yolks of three eggs and a quantity of rolled
cracker, salted and peppered. Dip each oyster separately, first into
egg, then into cracker. When all have been thus dipped, have ready a
hot spider, into which drop four heaping tablespoons of butter. When
butter is melted, place in the oysters, one by one; fry a light brown,
then turn. Serve very hot.
PIGS IN BLANKET. FRED. LINSLEY.
Take extra select oysters and very thin slices of nice bacon. Season
the oysters with a little salt and pepper. Roll each oyster in a
slice of bacon; pin together with a toothpick; roast over hot coals,
either laid on a broiler, or fasten them on a meat fork and hold over
the coals. Cook until the bacon is crisp and brown. Don't remove the
toothpick. Serve hot.
SOUR FISH. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Take a whole fish; stew until tender in salt water; take out, lay on
platter. Throw a handful of raisins in the salt water and a few whole
cloves, allspice, stick cinnamon, with vinegar enough to give a sour
taste, and a tablespoonful of sugar. Thicken with flour to the
consistency of gravy; pour over fish. Serve cold. Fish may be served
with mayonnaise dressing, cooked in same manner.
SALT HERRING. MRS. JUDGE B.
Heat them on gridiron; remove the skin and serve with pepper and
SALMON LOAF. MARGARET LEONARD.
One small can salmon, four eggs beaten light, four tablespoons melted
butter--not hot--one half cup fine bread crumbs. Season with salt,
pepper, and parsley. Chop fish fine, then rub in butter till smooth.
Beat crumbs into egg and season before putting with fish. Butter your
mold and steam one hour.
SAUCE FOR SAME.--One cup of milk, heated to a boil; thicken with one
tablespoon of corn starch and one tablespoon of butter, beaten
together. Put in the liquor from the salmon and one raw egg, beaten
light; add a little pepper. Put the egg in last, and carefully pour
over loaf; Serve hot.
SAUCE FOR FISH.
Stir in one cup of drawn butter, the yolks of two eggs (well beaten),
pepper and salt, and a few sprigs of parsley. Let it boil. Pour over
fish when ready to serve.
SOUR SAUCE FOR FISH.
One-half cup butter, with one-half cup vinegar; let boil, then add two
mustardspoonfuls of prepared mustard, a little salt, and one egg,
beaten together. Make in the farina kettle. Stir while cooking.
Place good-sized oysters on pie plates; sprinkle well with flour,
small lumps of butter, pepper and salt. Cover with strained liquor
and a little cold water. Set in a warm oven fifteen or twenty
minutes. Nice to serve with turkey.
OVEN FRIED FISH. MRS. JANE E. WALLACE.
Open and clean fish (white or bass). Have fish pan spread thick with
butter, and lay fish in. Season with salt. Over this pour two
well-beaten eggs, and dredge with flour. Bake three-quarters of an
hour, and baste with butter and water. Garnish fish plate with
ESCALOPED SALMON. CARRIE P. WALLACE.
Pick bones and skin out of one can of salmon, and mince fine. Use as
much rolled cracker as you have salmon, a little salt, and cup of
cream. Fill sea shells with this mixture, placing a small piece of
butter on top of each shell. Bake twenty minutes and serve in the
FOWL AND GAME.
"And then to breakfast with what appetite you have."
ACCOMPANIMENTS FOR FOWLS.
With boiled fowls, bread sauce, onion sauce, lemon sauce, cranberry
sauce, jellies, and cream sauce.
With roast turkey, cranberry sauce, currant jelly.
With boiled turkey, oyster sauce.
With wild ducks, cucumber sauce, currant jelly, or cranberry sauce.
With roast goose or venison, grape jelly, or cranberry sauce.
A GOOD WAY TO COOK CHICKEN. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON.
Fricassee your chicken, taking care to brown the skin nicely; season
to taste. When done set by to cool; then remove all the bones; put
back into the liquor in which it was cooked; chop fine, leaving in all
the oil of the fowl. If not enough of the oil, add a piece of butter;
then pack closely in a dish as you wish it to go to the table.
DROP DUMPLINGS FOR VEAL OR CHICKEN. MRS. R. H. JOHNSON.
One full pint of sifted flour, two even teaspoonfuls of yeast powder,
and a little salt. Wet this with enough milk or water to drop from
spoon in a ball; remove your meat or chicken; drop in the balls of
dough; cook five minutes in the liquor; place around the edge of
platter, with the chicken or meat in center; season the liquor and
pour over it.
JELLIED CHICKEN. MRS. R. H. J.
Boil the fowl until the meat will slip easily from the bones; reduce
the water to one pint. Pick the meat from the bones in good-sized
pieces; leave out all the fat and gristle, and place in a wet mold.
Skim all the fat from the liquor; add one-half box of gelatine, a
little butter, pepper and salt. When the gelatine is dissolved, pour
all over the chicken while hot. Season well. Serve cold, cut in
FRIED CHICKEN. MRS. J. ED. THOMAS.
Kill the fowls the night before; clean, cut and set on ice until
needed the next day. Flour and sprinkle with salt and pepper; pour
boiling water over it, and stew three-quarters of an hour. Add
sufficient butter to fry a light brown.
Take a pair of young, tender chickens and cut them into neat joints.
Lay them in a deep pudding-dish, arranging them so that the pile shall
be higher in the middle than at the sides. Reserve the pinions of the
wings, the necks, and the feet, scalding the latter and scraping off
the skin. Make small forcemeat balls of fine bread crumbs seasoned
with pepper, salt, parsley, a suspicion of grated lemon peel, and a
raw egg. Make this into little balls with the hands, and lay them
here and there in the pie. Pour in a cupful of cold water, cover the
pie with a good crust, making a couple of cuts in the middle of this,
and bake in a steady oven for an hour and a quarter. Lay a paper over
the pie if it should brown too quickly. Soak a tablespoonful of
gelatine for an hour in enough cold water to cover it. Make a gravy
of the wings, feet, and necks of the fowls, seasoning it highly;
dissolve the gelatine in this, and when the pie is done pour this
gravy into it through a small funnel inserted in the opening in the
top. The pie should not be cut until it is cold. This is nice for
CHICKEN PIE. MRS. M. A. MOORHEAD.
Stew the chicken until tender. Line a pan with crust made as you
would baking powder biscuit. Alternate a layer of chicken and pieces
of the crust until the pan is filled; add a little salt and pepper to
each layer; fill with the broth in which the chicken was cooked; bake
until the crust is done. If you bake the bottom crust before filling,
it will only be necessary to bake until the top crust is done. A layer
of stewed chicken and a layer of oysters make a delicious pie. Use
the same crust.
DROP DUMPLINGS FOR STEWED CHICKEN. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Stew chicken and make a rich gravy with milk or cream. Pour off a
part into a separate vessel and thin with water; let it boil, then
drop in dumplings made with this proportion: One quart flour, a
little salt, one egg, two teaspoonfuls baking powder, and milk to make
a stiff batter. Stir, and drop from spoon into boiling gravy. Cover,
and let boil gently for five minutes. Try them with a fork. They
must be perfectly dry inside when done. Serve with the chicken.
CHICKEN ON BISCUIT. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.
Have prepared for cooking a nice fat fowl about a year old; season
with pepper and salt, and boil two hours, or until very tender. When
done there should be a quart of broth. If there is not that quantity,
boiling water should be added. Beat together very smoothly two
heaping tablespoonfuls of flour with the yolk of one egg and one-third
pint of cold water; add this to broth, stirring briskly all the time;
add one tablespoonful of butter. Have ready a pan of hot biscuit;
break them open and lay halves on platter, crust down; pour chicken
and gravy over biscuit, and serve immediately .
ROAST TURKEY. MRS. J. F. MC NEAL.
Prepare the dressing as follows: Three coffeecups of bread crumbs,
made very fine; one teaspoonful salt, half teaspoonful pepper, one
tablespoonful powdered sage, one teacup melted butter, one egg; mix
all together thoroughly. With this dressing stuff the body and
breast, and sew with a strong thread. Take two tablespoonfuls of
melted butter, two of flour; mix to a paste. Rub the turkey with salt
and pepper; then spread the paste over the entire fowl, with a few
thin slices of sweet bacon. Roll the fowl loosely in a piece of clean
linen or muslin; tie it up; put it in the oven, and baste every
fifteen minutes till done. Remove cloth a few moments before taking
turkey from oven. A young turkey requires about two hours; an old one
three or four hours. This can be tested with fork. Thicken the
drippings with two tablespoonfuls of browned flour, mixed with one cup
OYSTER SAUCE TO BE USED WITH THE TURKEY.--Take one quart of oysters;
put them into stew pan; add half cup butter; pepper and salt to taste;
cover closely; let come to a boil, and serve with the turkey and
TURKEY AND DRESSING. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.
A good-sized turkey should be baked two and one-half or three hours,
very slowly at first. Turkey one year old is considered best. See
that it is well cleaned and washed. Salt and pepper it inside. Take
one and a half loaves of stale bread (bakers preferred) and crumble
fine. Put into frying pan a lump of butter the size of an egg; cut
into this one white onion; cook a few moments, but do not brown. Stir
into this the bread, with one teaspoon of salt and one of pepper; let
it heat thoroughly; fill the turkey; put in roaster; salt and pepper
the outside; dredge with flour and pour over one cup water.
BONED TURKEY. MRS. R. H. J.
Boil a turkey in as little water as possible until the bones can be
easily separated from the meat; remove all the skin; slice, mixing
together the light and dark parts; season with salt and pepper. Take
the liquor in which the fowl was boiled, having kept it warm; pour it
on the meat; mix well; shape it like a loaf of bread; wrap in a cloth
and press with a heavy weight for a few hours. Cut in thin slices
ROAST DUCKS AND GEESE.
Use any filling you prefer; season with sage and onion, chopped fine;
Salt and pepper. (You can use this seasoning with mashed potatoes for
a stuffing). Young ducks should roast from twenty-five to thirty
minutes; full grown ones for two hours. Baste frequently. Serve with
currant jelly, apple sauce and green peas. If the fowls are old
parboil before roasting.
APPLE STUFFING. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Take one-half pint of apple sauce (unsweetened); add one half cup or
more of bread crumbs, some powdered sage, a little chopped onion, and
season with cayenne pepper. Delicious for roast geese, ducks, etc.
CHESTNUT DRESSING. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Boil the chestnuts and shell them; blanch them, and boil until soft;
mix with bread crumbs and sweet cream; salt and pepper; one cup
raisins. Excellent dressing for turkey.
Take stale bread; cut off the crust; rub very fine, and pour over it
as much melted butter as will make it crumble in your hand. Salt and
pepper to taste. To this you can add one good-sized onion (chopped
fine), a cup of raisins, or a little sage.
Make dressing same as above plain stuffing; add one egg and one-half
can drained oysters. Strain the oyster liquor and use for basting the
A GOOD SAUCE FOR BIRDS OR VENISON.
Chop an onion fine, and boil it in milk; when done, add the gravy from
the game, and thicken with pounded cracker.
POTTED PIGEONS OR BIRDS.
Pick, soak, and boil the birds with the same care as for roasting.
Make a crust as for chicken pie; lay the birds in whole, and season
with pepper, salt, bits of butter, and a little sweet marjoram; flour
them thickly; then strain the water in which they were boiled, and
fill up the vessel two-thirds full with it; cover with the crust; cut
hole in the center. Bake one hour and a half.
PIGEONS AND PARTRIDGES.
These may be boiled or roasted the same as chickens, only cover the
breasts with thin slices of bacon; when nearly done, remove the bacon,
dredge with flour, and baste with butter. They will cook in half an
RABBITS. MRS. ECKHART.
Rabbits, which are best in mid-winter, may be fricasseed, like
chicken, in white or brown sauce. Rabbit pie is made like chicken
pie. To roast a rabbit, stuff with a dressing made of bread crumbs,
chopped salt pork, thyme, onion, pepper and salt; sew up; rub over
with a little butter, or pin on a few slices of salt pork; add a
little water, and baste often. Rabbits may be fried as you would
steak, and served with a sour sauce made like a brown flour gravy,
with half a cup of vinegar added; pour over the fried rabbit, and
serve it with mashed potatoes.
"What say you to a piece of beef and mustard?"
ACCOMPANIMENTS. MRS. DELL DE WOLFE.
With roast beef, tomato sauce, grated horseradish, mustard, cranberry
With roast pork, apple sauce and cranberry sauce.
With roast veal, tomato sauce, mushroom sauce, onion sauce, or lemon
With roast mutton, currant jelly, caper sauce, bread sauce, onion
With roast lamb, mint sauce, green peas.
TO BOIL MEATS.
For all meats allow from fifteen to twenty minutes for each pound.
Skim well. All fresh meats are to be put into boiling water to cook;
salt meats into cold water. Keep the water constantly boiling,
otherwise the meat will absorb the water. Be sure to add boiling
water if more is needed. The more gently meat boils the more tender
it will be.
TO BROIL MEATS.
In broiling all meats, you must remember that the surface should not
be cut or broken any more than is absolutely necessary; that the meat
should be exposed to a clear, quick fire, close enough to sear the
surface without burning, in order to confine all its juices; if it is
approached slowly to a poor fire, or seasoned before it is cooked, it
will be comparatively dry and tasteless, as both of these processes
are useful only to extract and waste those precious juices which
contain nearly all the nourishing properties of the meat.
BEEFSTEAK. MR. GEORGE B. CHRISTIAN.
The chief secret in preparing the family steak lies in selection.
Like cooking the hare, you must first catch it. Choose a thick cut
from the sirloin of a mature, well fatted beeve, avoiding any having
dark yellow fat. Detach a portion of the narrow end and trim off any
adhering inner skin. Place the steak upon a hot spider, and quickly
turn it. Do this frequently and rapidly until it is thoroughly
seared, without burning. It may now be cooked to any degree without
releasing the juices. Serve upon a hot platter. Pour over a scant
dressing of melted butter. Season. Whosoever partakes will never
become a vegetarian.
STUFFED BEEFSTEAK. E. H. W.
Take a flank or round steak and pound well; sprinkle with pepper and
salt. Make a plain dressing; spread it on the steak; roll it up; tie
closely, and put in a skillet with a little water and a lump of butter
the size of an egg; cover closely and let it boil slowly one hour;
then let it brown in skillet, basting frequently. When done, dredge a
little flour into the gravy, and pour over the meat.
TO FRY STEAK. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.
Have a nice tenderloin or porterhouse steak, one inch and half in
thickness, well hacked. Over this sprinkle salt, pepper, and a little
flour. Have ready a very hot spider. Into this drop plenty of good,
sweet butter (a quarter of a pound is not too much); when thoroughly
melted, lay in the meat; turn frequently. While cooking, make many
openings in the steak to allow the butter to pass through. When done,
place on a hot platter and serve immediately.
BEEFSTEAK AND ONIONS. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.
Have a steak well hacked; over this sprinkle pepper, salt, and a
little flour. Into a very hot spider drop one teaspoonful of lard;
when melted, lay in steak; pour over this two tablespoons boiling
water, and cover steak with four good-sized onions, sliced very thin.
Cover quickly and cook five minutes; then turn all over together, and
cook five minutes longer. Care should be taken that the onions do not
turn. Take up on hot platter; place onions on top of meat, and serve
BEEFSTEAK AND MUSHROOMS. CALEB H. NORRIS.
Put the steak on to fry, with a little butter. At the same time put
the mushrooms on in a different skillet, with the water from the can
and one-half cup extra; season with pepper and salt, and thicken with
a tablespoonful of flour. Take the steak out, leaving the gravy, into
which put the mushrooms, cook for a few minutes, and pour all over the
BEEF LOAF. MRS. J. J. SLOAN.
Take three and one-half pounds of lean beef (raw), chopped; six
crackers, rolled fine; three well-beaten eggs, four tablespoonfuls of
cream, butter the size of an egg; salt and pepper to taste; mix all
together and make into a loaf. Bake one and one-half hours. Serve
cold in thin slices.
BEEF A LA MODE. ALICE TURNEY THOMPSON.
Take a round of beef, four or five inches thick, and for a piece
weighing five pounds soak a pound of white bread in cold water until
soft; turn off the water; mash the bread fine; then add a piece of
butter the size of an egg, half a teaspoonful each of salt, pepper,
and ground cloves, about half a nutmeg, two eggs, a tablespoonful of
flour, and a quarter of a pound of fresh pork, chopped very fine.
Gash the beef on both sides and fill with half the dressing. Place in
a baking pan, with luke-warm water enough to cover it; cover the pan
and put into the oven to bake gently two hours; then cover the top
with the rest of the dressing, and put it back for another hour and
let it brown well. On dishing up the meat, if the gravy is not thick
enough, stir in a little flour, and add a little butter. It is a
favorite meat, eaten cold for suppers and luncheons. When thus used,
remove the gravy.
Always use calf's liver, cut in slices. Pour boiling water over, and
let it stand fifteen minutes. Fry some slices of breakfast bacon;
take out the bacon; roll the liver in either flour or corn meal, and
fry a delicate brown; sprinkle with salt and pepper. Serve with gravy
if you like.
POTATO AND MEAT PIE.
Take mashed potatoes, seasoned with salt, pepper, and butter; line a
baking dish with it; lay upon this slices of cold meat (any kind),
with a little pepper, salt, catsup, and gravy; then another layer of
potatoes, another of meat, and so forth till pan is filled, having the
last a cover of potatoes. Bake until thoroughly warmed. Serve in the
dish in which it is cooked.
COLD MEAT TURNOVERS. MRS. A. B.
Roll out dough very thin; put in it, like a turnover, cold meat,
chopped fine, and seasoned with pepper, salt, catsup, and sweet herbs.
Make into small turnovers, and fry in lard until the dough is well
VEAL CUTLETS. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.
Fry a few slices of breakfast bacon. Dip the cutlets in a beaten egg;
roll in corn meal or cracker crumbs; salt and pepper; put in skillet
with the fat from bacon; fry slowly until a nice brown.
VEAL LOAF. MRS. GERTRUDE DOUGLAS WEEKS.
Three pounds of veal or beef, chopped fine; three eggs, beaten with
three tablespoons of milk, butter the size of an egg, one cup of
powdered crackers, one teaspoon of black pepper; one tablespoon of
salt; mix well together; form into a loaf, and bake two and one-half
hours. Baste with butter and water while baking.
Cut four pounds of veal into strips three or four inches long and
about one inch thick. Peel twelve large potatoes; cut them into
slices one inch thick. Put a layer of veal in the bottom of the
kettle, and sprinkle salt and a very little pepper over it; then put a
layer of potatoes; then a layer of veal, seasoned as before, and so on
until all the veal is used. Over the last layer of veal put a layer of
salt pork, cut in slices; cover with potatoes; pour in water until it
rises an inch over the whole; cover close; heat fifteen minutes;
simmer one hour.
DRESSING FOR ROAST OF VEAL. MRS. E. FAIRFIELD.
Two cups of stale bread crumbs, one tablespoonful melted butter;
pepper and salt to taste; make into a soft paste with cream, and lay
over top of roast to brown for about one-half hour before roast is
VEAL AND HAM SANDWICH. MARY W. WHITMARSH.
Boil six pounds each of ham and veal. Save the water from boiling the
veal, and to it add half a box of gelatine, dissolved in a little cold
water. When the meat is cold, run through a sausage grinder, and with
the meats mix the gelatinous water. Season the veal with salt,
pepper, and sweet marjoram. Put a little red pepper in the ham. Make
alternate layers of ham and veal, using a potato masher to pound it
down smooth. Set in cold place. It is better to make it the day
POT ROAST. MRS. BELINDA MARTIN.
Use any kind of meat; put into an iron pot a tablespoonful of meat
fryings or butter; let it brown; wash off the roast, and put into the
pot. After it begins to fry, pour in enough water to half cover the
meat; season with pepper and salt; cover, and stew slowly. As the
meat begins to fry, add more water; turn it often, and cook about
three hours. A half hour before serving, add either Irish or sweet
potatoes, or turnips; let brown with the meat.
TO ROAST PORK.
Take a leg of pork, and wash clean; cut the skin in squares. Make a
dressing of bread crumbs, sage, onions, pepper and salt; moisten it
with the yolk of an egg. Put this under the skin of the knuckle, and
sprinkle a little powdered sage into the rind where it is cut. Eight
pounds will require about three hours to roast. Shoulder, loin, or
spare ribs may be roasted in the same manner.
SCRAPPLE. MRS. EDWARD E. POWERS.
Two pounds pork, two pounds liver, two pounds beef, a small heart;
boil all until thoroughly cooked; take up and chop while warm; put
back into broth (altogether you will have two and one-half or three
gallons); then make quite thick with corn meal. Cook one-half hour.
Put in pans to mold. Season meat while cooking with salt, pepper, and
SPICED MEAT. MRS. IRA UHLER.
Take five pounds of beef from the shoulder and cover with cold water;
boil until very tender; chop fine and season with salt and pepper.
Slice four or five hard boiled eggs. Alternate layers of meat and
eggs, having a layer of meat on the top. Put an ounce of gelatine and
a few cloves into the liquor in which the meat has been boiled; boil
this down to one pint; strain it over the meat, which must be pressed
down with a plate. Set in a cool place. Slice cold for serving.
BATTER PUDDING WITH BEEF ROAST. MRS. C. H. NORRIS.
Put roast in oven, and cook within an hour of being done; then place a
couple of sticks across the pan and rest your roast upon them. Make a
batter according to the following rule, and pour it right into the
gravy in which the roast has been resting, cook an hour and serve:
Four eggs, tablespoon of sugar, one quart of milk, six tablespoons of
flour, and a piece of butter the size of a walnut.
BONED SHOULDER OF MUTTON.
Have the bone carefully removed from a rather lean shoulder of mutton,
and fill the orifice thus left with a good forcemeat. To make this,
chop fine half a pound of lean veal and quarter of a pound of ham and
add to these a small cup of fine bread crumbs. Season with a
quarter-teaspoonful each of ground mace, cloves, and allspice, and a
saltspoonful of black pepper. Stir in a raw egg to bind the mixture
together. When the forcemeat has been put into the hole in the
shoulder, cover the mutton with a cloth that will close the mouth of
the opening, and lay the meat in a pot with the bone from the
shoulder, a peeled and sliced onion, carrot and turnip, a little
parsley and celery, and a bay leaf; Pour in enough cold water to
cover the mutton entirely, stir in a heaping tablespoonful of salt,
and let the water come gradually to a boil and simmer until the mutton
has cooked twenty minutes to the pound. Let it cool in the broth;
take it out; lay it under a weight until cold, and serve. This is
also very good hot. The liquor makes excellent soup.
TO FRY HAM.
First, parboil it and drain well; then fry a light brown. Make a gravy
with milk, a little flour, and a teaspoonful of sugar; pour over the
HAM TOAST. MRS. E. SEFFNER.
Chop lean ham (the refuse bits); put in a pan with a lump of butter
the size of an egg, a little pepper, and two beaten eggs. When well
warmed, spread on hot buttered toast.
The best ham to select is one weighing from eight to ten pounds. Take
one that is not too fat, to save waste. Wash it carefully before you
put it on to boil, removing rust or mold with a small, stiff scrubbing
brush. Lay it in a large boiler, and pour over it enough cold water
to cover it. To this add a bay leaf, half a dozen cloves, a couple of
blades of mace, a teaspoonful of sugar, and, if you can get it, a good
handful of fresh, sweet hay. Let the water heat very gradually, not
reaching the boil under two hours. It should never boil hard, but
simmer gently until the ham has cooked fifteen minutes to every pound.
It must cool in the liquor, and the skin should not be removed until
the meat is entirely cold, taking care not to break or tear the fat.
Brush over the ham with beaten egg, strew it thickly with very fine
bread crumbs, and brown in a quick oven. Arrange a frill of paper
around the bone of the shank, and surround the ham with water-cress,
or garnish the dish with parsley.
Wash the tongue carefully, and let it lie in cold water for several
hours before cooking--over night, if possible. Lay it in a kettle of
cold water when it is to be cooked; bring the water to a boil slowly,
and let it simmer until the tongue is so tender that you can pierce it
with a fork. A large tongue should be over the fire about four hours.
When it has cooled in the liquor in which it was boiled, remove the
skin with great care, beginning at the tip, and stripping it back.
Trim away the gristle and fat from the root of the tongue before
serving it. Serve with drawn butter or lemon sauce.
FORCEMEAT BALLS. MRS. JUDGE BENNETT.
Chop cold veal fine with one-fourth as much salt pork. Season with
salt, pepper, and sweet herbs. Make into balls; fry them brown. Eat
this way, or drop into soup.
VEAL LOAF. MRS. U. F. SEFFNER.
Three pounds of lean veal chopped with one pound of raw salt pork;
three eggs, one pint of rolled cracker; one tablespoon of salt, one
tablespoon of pepper, one tablespoon of butter, a little sage; mix all
together; make into a loaf. Put one-half pint of water in roaster;
put in the loaf; sprinkle fine cracker crumbs over it, and some small
lumps of butter; bake slowly one hour; if baked in open pan, baste
same as turkey.
Parboil them in salt water; remove the skin and tough parts; cut in
pieces the size of a large oyster; dip in beaten egg; roll in cracker
crumbs, seasoned with salt and pepper; fry in hot butter, or drop in
hot lard, as you would doughnuts.
SWEET BREADS WITH PEAS. MRS. E. S.
Parboil the sweet breads; cut in small squares; add to them a coffee
cup of cream, pepper, salt, and a tablespoon of butter. Cook the peas
tender, and add them to the sweet breads. Moisten a tablespoonful of
flour with a little milk; add, and boil up once or twice just before
A PICKLE FOR BEEF, PORK, TONGUE, OR HUNG BEEF. MRS. JUDGE BENNETT.
Mix in four gallons of water a pound and a half of sugar or molasses,
and two ounces of saltpetre. If it is to last a month or two, use six
pounds of salt. If you wish to keep it through the summer, use nine
pounds of salt. Boil all together; skim and let cool. Put meat in
the vessel in which it is to stand; pour the pickle over the meat
until it is covered. Once in two months, boil and skim the pickle and
throw in two or three ounces of sugar, and one-half pound of salt. In
very hot weather rub meat well with salt; let it stand a few hours
before putting into the brine. This draws the blood out.
TO CURE BEEF. MRS. S. A. POWERS.
FOR FIFTY POUNDS.--Saltpetre, one ounce; sugar, one and three-fourths
pounds; coarse salt, three and one-half pounds; water, two gallons;
boil together; let cool; pour over meat. Keep the meat under the
"Cheerful cooks make every dish a feast."
Always have the water boiling when you put your vegetables in, and
keep it constantly boiling until they are done. Cook each kind by
itself when convenient. All vegetables should be well seasoned.
Boil the beets in salted water until tender. When cold, skin; cut in
thin slices, and dress with white pepper, salt, oil, or butter, and
vinegar; or pour over them a French dressing, and toss with a silver
fork until every piece is coated with the dressing.
STRING BEANS, WITH ACID DRESSING. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Cook wax beans in salted water with a little salt pork. When the
beans are tender, take out and drain. Let a few bits of breakfast
bacon brown in a skillet, then put in a half pint of good vinegar and
a spoonful of sugar (omit the sugar if you prefer the pure acid); let
boil; add an onion, sliced fine; pour over the beans, and mix well
BAKED BEANS. MRS. S. A. POWERS.
Pick over and wash well one quart of small white beans; soak over
night. In the morning, pour off the water and cover with cold water.
After boiling one-half hour, drain them, and cover again with cold
water. Boil until cooked, but not broken. Put them in a baking dish.
In the center place one pound salt pork (which has been parboiled and
well gashed), one tablespoonful of molasses, one dash of cayenne
pepper, black pepper to taste, and, if necessary, a little salt.
Ordinarily the pork should salt the beans. Cover with part of the
liquor in which the pork has been parboiled, and bake three hours.
COLD SLAW, WITH ONION. MRS. E.
Slice cabbage fine on a slaw cutter. To a dish of cabbage use one
large onion, also sliced fine. Mix with good vinegar; salt, pepper
and sugar to taste.
CABBAGE. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
HOW TO BOIL.--Cut a large head of cabbage into quarters; then re-cut
the quarters, and wash well in cold water; pour boiling water over it,
and cover about five minutes; drain in colander, and add one
good-sized onion, a pinch of cayenne pepper, and enough meat broth to
cover it; boil until tender. A brisket of beef is best for the broth.
CABBAGE. MISS BERTHA MARTIN.
SCALLOPED.--Roll crackers as for oysters. Cut cabbage as for slaw.
Put in your pan a layer of crackers, then a layer of cabbage, With
salt, pepper, and lumps of butter, until the pan is filled; cover with
sweet milk. Bake thirty or forty minutes.
GREEN CORN PATTIES. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.
Take twelve ears of green corn (grated), one teaspoon of salt, and one
teaspoon of pepper; beat one egg into this, with two tablespoons of
flour. Drop into hot butter or lard.
CORN OYSTERS. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.
To one quart of grated corn add three eggs, beaten separately; four
crackers, rolled fine; salt and pepper to taste. Fry in butter or
CORN OYSTERS. MRS. J. C. WALTERS.
Grate and chop one pint of young sweet corn; add one egg, well beaten;
one teacupful flour, three tablespoonfuls cream, one teaspoonful salt.
Fry like oysters.
POTATOES "AU GRATIN." JENNY E. WALLACE.
Take one tablespoonful of butter, and three tablespoonfuls of flour;
mix together on stove, and add two cups milk. Chop fine cold boiled
potatoes; put in a baking dish; pour the dressing over, and add enough
grated cheese to cover it; bake about thirty minutes.
POTATO CROQUETTES. MRS. F. W. THOMAS.
Take one pint of mashed potatoes; season with one tablespoonful of
soft butter, one-half saltspoon of white pepper, one-half teaspoon of
salt, one-half teaspoon of celery salt, a few drops of onion juice,
and some egg; mix well till light; rub through a strainer; return to
the fire and stir till the potato cleaves the dish. When cool, shape
into balls, then into cylinders; roil in fine bread or cracker crumbs;
dip in beaten egg, then in crumbs again, and fry brown in hot fat.
WHIPPED POTATOES. MRS. B. B. CLARK.
Instead of mashing in the ordinary way, whip potatoes with a fork
until light and dry; then put in a little melted butter, some milk,
and salt to taste, whipping rapidly until creamy. Put as lightly and
irregularly as you can in a hot dish.
For lyonnaise potatoes chop an onion fine; fry it brown in a
tablespoonful of butter; add another tablespoonful to the iron spider
after the frying, and let the butter become very hot. Then cut six
whole boiled potatoes into thick or half inch slices, and lay them in
the spider, which should be ample enough to hold them without lapping
over another. Let them fry brown on both sides, tossing them
occasionally to prevent them burning. Sprinkle a tablespoonful of
parsley over them, and serve at once. They should be very hot when
brought on the table.
ESCALOPED POTATOES. MRS. O. W. WEEKS.
Pare and slice thin the potatoes; put a layer in your pudding pan
one-half inch deep; sprinkle salt, pepper, and bits of butter over it;
then put another layer of potatoes, and another sprinkle of salt,
pepper, and butter, until you have as many layers as you wish. Fill
in with sweet cream or milk until you can just begin to see it.
Sprinkle on top one cracker, pulverized. Bake in hot oven from
one-half to one hour.
MASHED SWEET POTATOES. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Pare and boil till done; drain, and mash smooth; add milk or cream,
and salt; beat like cake, with a large spoon--the more they are beaten
the better they become. Put in a baking dish; smooth with a knife
dipped in milk; place a lump of butter in the center; sprinkle with
pepper, and place in a hot oven for a few minutes.
BROWNED SWEET POTATOES. MRS. ECKHART.
Pare, and cut in halves. Have in a skillet some hot fryings, in which
place potatoes; pour in about one-half pint of water; season with salt
and pepper. Cook until tender. Remove the cover, and let brown; take
out in dish; throw a spoonful of sugar into skillet, with a little
flour and water; let boil up once or twice, and pour over the
SWEET POTATOES, SOUTHERN FASHION. MRS. W. E. THOMAS.
Boil your potatoes until soft; slice them, and lay in a buttered
pudding dish. Sprinkle each layer with light brown sugar; and dot
thickly with bits of butter. Over all pour enough water to cover well
the bottom of your dish. Set in oven and bake half an hour or more,
thoroughly browning the top, and cooking the sugar, butter and water
into a rich syrup. Some add, also, a dash of flour between the
layers. Serve hot with your meat and other vegetables.
DRIED PUMPKIN. MRS. J. EDD THOMAS.
Stew pumpkin as for pie; spread upon plates, and dry in the oven
carefully. When you wish to make pie, soak over night; then proceed
as you would with fresh pumpkin. Pumpkin prepared in this way will
keep well until spring, and pies are as good as when made with fresh
STEWED RICE. MRS. EDWARD E. POWERS.
Take one-half cup of rice; wash it twice; cover with water two inches
above rice; cook dry; then cover with a cup or more of milk; add
butter the size of a walnut, and salt to taste. When cooked dry
again, serve hot with cream and sugar.
NEW ENGLAND SUCCOTASH. MRS. S. A. POWERS.
Take two quarts shelled Lima beans (green), one dozen ears of corn
(cut off cob), and one pound pickled pork. Cover pork with water, and
parboil it; add beans cooked until they burst; then add corn, two
tablespoonfuls sugar, butter the size of a walnut, and pepper to
taste. After corn is added, watch carefully to keep from scorching.
TURNIPS. M. E. WRIGHT.
Put one-half teacup of butter in your kettle, and let it get hot; then
add one tablespoon sugar. Have your turnips sliced fine; put them in
your kettle and stir well; add enough water to stew tender; then
sprinkle over them one tablespoon of flour and a little rich cream.
Stir well, and serve. Sweet potatoes are excellent cooked the same
TO STEW TURNIP. MRS. ECKHART.
Pare, halve, and slice them on a slaw cutter; boil in clear water.
When tender, add a large lump of butter, a teaspoonful of sugar, and
pepper and salt to taste. Stir in flour and cream to thicken like
peas. Serve in sauce dishes.
TOMATO MACARONI. EXCHANGE.
Break macaroni in pieces three inches long and boil until tender.
Butter a deep dish, and place a layer of pared and sliced tomatoes on
the bottom (if canned, use them just as they come from the can); add a
layer of the stewed macaroni, and season with salt, pepper, and bits
of butter; add another layer of tomato, and so on until the dish is as
full as desired. Place a layer of cracker crumbs on top, with bits of
butter. Bake about thirty minutes, or until well browned.
Humpty Dumpty sat on the wall.
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
All the kings horses and all the kings men
Could not set Humpty Dumpty back again.
Try the freshness of eggs by putting them into cold water; those that
sink the soonest are the freshest.
Never attempt to boil an egg without watching the timepiece. Put the
eggs in boiling water. In three minutes eggs will boil soft; in four
minutes the white part will be cooked; in ten minutes they will be
hard enough for salad.
HOW TO PRESERVE. MRS. M. UHLER.
To each pailful of water add two pints of fresh slaked lime and one
pint of common salt; mix well. Fill your barrel half full with this
fluid, put your eggs down in it any time after June, and they will
keep two years if desired.
SOFT BOILED EGGS. MRS. W. E. THOMAS.
Put eggs in a bowl or pan; pour boiling water over them until they are
well covered; let stand ten minutes; pour off water, and again cover
with boiling water. If you like them quite soft, eat immediately
after pouring on second water; if you like them harder, leave them in
longer. This method makes the white more jelly-like and digestible.
FRENCH OMELETTE. GERTRUDE DOUGLAS WEEKS.
Take eight eggs, well beaten separately; add to the yolks eight
tablespoonfuls of sweet milk, one tablespoonful of flour, one
teaspoonful of good baking powder, salt and pepper; beat well
together, and then stir in lightly at the last the beaten whites.
Have ready a skillet with melted butter, smoking hot, and pour in
mixture. Let cook on bottom; then put in oven from five to ten
minutes. Serve at once.
OMELETTE. MRS. H. T. VAN FLEET.
To the well beaten yolks of five eggs add two teaspoonfuls of corn
starch, and a little salt dissolved in one-half cup of milk. Beat
whites to a stiff froth, and stir lightly into mixture. Have ready a
hot buttered spider, into which turn the whole, and bake to a light
brown in a quick oven.
PLAIN OMELETTE. MRS. C. H. WILLIAMS.
Stir into the well beaten yolks of four eggs one-half tablespoonful of
melted butter, a little salt, one tablespoonful of flour mixed smooth
in one cup of milk; beat together well, and then stir in lightly the
whites, beaten stiff; pour into buttered skillet; cook on top stove
for ten minutes, and then place in oven to brown.
EGG FOR AN INVALID.
Put two tablespoonfuls of boiling water in a sauce pan on the stove;
break a fresh egg into it; stir briskly until the egg is slightly set,
but not at all stiff; season with salt, and a little pepper. Serve at
once on a thin slice of buttered toast.
SARDELLED EGGS. JENNIE MARTIN HERSHBERGER, TIFFIN, OHIO.
Boil some eggs hard; remote shells, and cut the eggs oblong; take out
yolks, and cream, or mash fine. Then take sardells, and remove the
backbone; mash fine, and mix with the yolks of eggs and a little red
pepper, and fill the whites of eggs with the mixture. They are fine
for an appetizer. Sardells are a small fish from three to four inches
long, and come in small kegs, like mackerel.
Boil eggs for twenty minutes; then drop in cold water. Remove the
shells, and cut lengthwise. Remove the yolks, and cream them with a
good salad dressing. Mix with chopped ham, or chicken, or any cold
meat, if you choose. Make mixture into balls, and fill in the hollows
of your whites. If you have not the salad dressing mix the yolks from
six eggs with a teaspoonful of melted butter, a dash of cayenne
pepper, a little prepared mustard, salt, vinegar and sugar to taste.
SALADS AND SALAD DRESSING.
"To make a perfect salad, there should be a spendthrift for oil, a
miser for vinegar, a wise man for salt, and a madcap to stir the
ingredients up, and mix them well together."
-- SPANISH PROVERB
It is said that "Any fool can make a salad," but all salads are not
made by fools. "Mixing" comes by intuition, and the successful cooks
use the ingredients, judgment, and their own tastes, rather than the
Any number of salads and fillings for sandwiches for home use, teas or
receptions, can be made at little cost and trouble, by using the
following simple recipe for dressing. The secret of success of the
dressing lies in the mixing of the ingredients:
Powder the cold yolks of four hard boiled eggs; then stir in one
tablespoon even full of common mustard, one-half teaspoonful of salt,
and two heaping tablespoonfuls of pulverized sugar. When mixed
thoroughly, add three tablespoonfuls of good table oil, and stir
rapidly for three minutes; then add six tablespoonfuls of good, sharp
vinegar, and stir for five minutes. Now you will have dressing
sufficient for a dozen or fifteen plates of salad, and one that will
keep in a cool place for weeks.
Add to the above dressing just before serving, one pound of crisp
lettuce, cut in one-half inch squares, or sliced fine. Garnish the
dish or dishes with the white of the egg, chopped fine, to which add
the thin slices of two or three small radishes.
Take one pound of fresh or canned lobster, two small onions, one
fourth of a lemon (with rind), two bunches of celery, or a like amount
of crisp cabbage; chop fine, and thoroughly mix with the dressing.
Serve on a lettuce leaf in individual dishes; garnish with the white
of the eggs, chopped fine.
Veal, chicken, terrapin, salmon, little-neck clams, scollops, etc.,
can be utilized by the judicious cook in connection with the dressing.
Take ham, veal, chicken, sardines, etc., with the white of the eggs,
chopped exceedingly fine, and mixed with sufficient of the dressing to
make a paste the consistency of butter; spread this on thin slices of
bread, cut in irregular shapes, and you have most delicious
Dedicated to the Committee, by
H. M. STOWE.
CHICKEN SALAD. MRS. JOHN LANDON.
Take white and choice dark meat of a cold boiled chicken or turkey,
three-quarters same bulk of chopped celery or cabbage, and a few
cucumber pickles, chopped well and mixed together. For the dressing
take the yolks of two hard boiled eggs, rub to a fine powder; mix with
it a teaspoonful of salt, teaspoonful pepper, teaspoonful mustard, two
teaspoonfuls white sugar; then add three teaspoonfuls salad oil, and,
last of all, one-half cup vinegar. Pour the dressing over the
chopped meat, cabbage, etc., and stir all well together.
CHICKEN SALAD. MRS. A. A. LUCAS.
Take two large chickens; boil tender; pick in small bits. Chop as
much celery as you have meat. For the dressing, take six yolks and
one whole egg; beat to a froth, mix with two spoonfuls of salad oil,
one spoonful mixed mustard, a little pepper and salt, one pint
vinegar, heated; before it boils, stir in the other ingredients; cook
till thick, stirring all the time. Boil down the liquid in which the
chickens were cooked until it forms a jelly. Let all cool. Two or
three hours before using, mix meat, celery, liquid, and dressing.
CHICKEN SALAD. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.
Two chickens, boiled tender and minced fine, five hard boiled eggs,
and one raw egg. Take as much chopped cabbage as you have minced
chicken; chop the whites of the boiled eggs, and put with the chicken.
Mix the cooked yolks with the raw egg; add one teacup of the broth and
oil from the chicken; one pint of good vinegar, salt, pepper, mustard,
and season to taste. Part celery and part cabbage can be used, if
desired. Mix all together.
CHICKEN SALAD FOR TWO HUNDRED. MRS. W. H. ECKHART.
Thirty chickens, cooked and cut medium fine, fifty heads of celery,
two gallons of good strong vinegar, three pounds of light brown sugar,
ten cents worth of yellow mustard, three pounds of butter, four dozen
eggs, boiled hard. Chop whites, and cream yolks with butter. Boil
vinegar and sugar together, and skim; add the creamed butter and
yolks; also, mustard, salt and pepper to taste; let stand until cold;
then pour over the celery and chicken; mix thoroughly, and add the
whites of eggs. If unable to get celery, use crisp cabbage, with ten
cents worth of celery seed. If you use celery seed, boil it in the
CHICKEN SALAD. MRS. T. H. B. BEALE.
Shred cold boiled chicken, and measure one pint chicken and one pint
celery; season with French dressing as below, and keep on ice until
ready to serve.
FRENCH DRESSING.--One saltspoon of salt, one-half saltspoon of white
pepper, one-fourth teaspoon of onion juice, one tablespoon of vinegar,
three tablespoons of olive oil, or melted butter; mix in the order
given, adding the oil slowly. When ready to serve your salad, mix it
with the boiled dressing given below; arrange it, and garnish with
BOILED DRESSING.--Mix one teaspoon of mustard, two teaspoons of salt,
two tablespoons of sugar, one-fourth saltspoon of cayenne pepper, one
heaping teaspoon of flour; mix well; then add one egg, well beaten;
and one cup hot water. Put in double boiler, and boil ten minutes.
While it is cooking, add one-half cup hot vinegar. When done, add one
tablespoon of melted butter, or Lucca oil, if prepared. After it is
cooked, turn into a bowl; put on ice until cold; add to salad just
before serving. If you like filberts in the salad, pour boiling water
on them; let them stand a short time, then throw them into cold water;
remove the skins, break into halves; put into salad before you pour on
the boiled dressing.
For a company of seventy-five, use six chickens, and six times both
recipes for dressing, and three pounds of filberts.
BEAN SALAD. MRS. W. E. THOMAS.
Cold cooked stringed beans, drained and dressed with a simple oil and
vinegar dressing, or mayonnaise, make an excellent salad.
TOMATO SALAD IN WINTER. MRS. DR. FISHER.
Take the juice from a can of tomatoes, and with gelatine make it into
a jelly that will mold. Lay a slice of this jelly on lettuce leaves,
and serve with mayonnaise.
CUCUMBER SALAD. MRS. ELIZA DICKERSON.
Two dozen large cucumbers, six white onions, chopped fine; salt well,
and drain twelve hours; add white mustard seed and celery seed; cover
with strong vinegar.
POTATO SALAD. MISS ANN THOMPSON.
The yolks of five eggs, five tablespoonfuls vinegar; cook until thick;
then, just before using, add three tablespoonfuls melted butter; beat
to a cream. Put in pepper, salt, and mustard to taste, one onion
(chopped fine), and three-fourths cup of cream. Slice potatoes thin,
and pour dressing over.
GERMAN POTATO SALAD. MRS. BELINDA MARTIN.
After frying ham, put one-fourth cup of the hot fryings into a skillet
with one cup of good vinegar, one tablespoon of sugar; let boil a
moment. Slice hot boiled potatoes into your salad bowl; season with
pepper and salt, and one onion, chopped fine. Pour over this the hot
vinegar, and mix well. Garnish with hard boiled eggs. Early in the
spring young dandelions added to this are very nice.
POTATO SALAD. MRS. DELL W. DE WOLFE.
One gallon cold and thinly sliced good potatoes, six small onions,
sliced thin. Sprinkle very freely with salt and pepper.
DRESSING.--Yolks of nine fresh eggs, two teaspoonfuls of ground
mustard, a pinch of cayenne pepper, one cup of sugar, one cup of good
cider vinegar, one-half cup butter. Boil the above mixture, and add
one pint of thick sweet cream when the mixture is almost cold. Two
small cucumbers sliced will greatly improve this salad.
CABBAGE SALAD. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.
One small head of cabbage (cut fine), one pint of good vinegar, butter
the size of an egg, three eggs, well beaten with one tablespoon of
flour; salt and pepper to taste. Let dressing come to a boil, and
pour over cabbage while hot.
POTATO SALAD DRESSING. MRS. E. A. SEFFNER.
Add the well beaten yolks of five eggs to five tablespoonfuls of
boiling vinegar; cook until it thickens, stirring constantly. Remove
from the fire. Add two tablespoonfuls butter, and stir until cool.
Season with one teaspoon mustard, one of salt, one tablespoon of
sugar, pinch of cayenne pepper, one cup of cream. Use oil in place of
butter, if preferred.
SALAD DRESSING. MRS. CHAS. MOORE.
Beat three eggs, and add a teaspoon each of salt, pepper, and mustard;
six tablespoons of cream or milk, small half teacup of vinegar, and
one-half cup sugar; mix thoroughly and set in top of teakettle,
stirring constantly till it thickens.
WEYMOUTH SALAD DRESSING. MRS. VOSE.
Yolk of one egg, one tablespoon sugar, one saltspoon salt, one
teaspoon mustard, butter size of small egg, one-half cup of vinegar;
cook till thick as cream. Add one-half cup of thick cream before
MAYONNAISE DRESSING. MRS. T. H. LINSLEY.
Take the yolks of six eggs, one teacup best cider vinegar, one teacup
white sugar, one tablespoon pure mustard, one-fourth pound of butter,
one teaspoon salt, one pint water, two tablespoons corn starch. Put
the water and vinegar in granite iron vessel, and let come to a boil.
Beat the rest of the ingredients to a cream; stir this into the
vinegar rapidly to prevent burning. Put in self-sealing can, and keep
in a cool place.
"The proof of the pudding lies in the eating."
APPLE PUDDING. MRS. G. H. WRIGHT.
Six good-sized apples, stewed and well beaten; six eggs, beaten
separately; one pint of sweet cream; sweeten and flavor to taste.
Bake with an under crust. It can be eaten with whipped cream and is