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Putnam's Word Book by Louis A. Flemming

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gallant, a. polite, deferential, courtly, chivalrous.

gallant, n. spark, beau, cicisbeo, philander; lover, suitor; seducer,

gallantry, n. chivalry, bravery, heroism; courtliness, politeness,
deference; intrigue.

gall bladder. cholecystis.

gallery, n. balcony; corridor, passage, passageway; museum.

galloping, n. Associated Words: rataplan, tantivy.

gallstone, n. bilestone, biliary calculus.

galoot, n. (Slang) rowdy, blusterer.

galore, n. and a. plenty, abundance, in abundance, abounding.

gambler, n. gamester, card-sharper, blackleg, punter. Associated
words: decoy, croupier, capper, by-bidder.

gambol, v. caper, frolic, play, sport, frisk, curvet.

game, n. play, amusement, pastime, diversion, fun, sport; contest;
prey, quarry; scheme, plan, project, undertaking, enterprise, stratagem.

game, a. plucky, resolute, unyielding, courageous, unflinching,
indomitable, undaunted, unconquerable; (Colloq.) crippled, lame,
crooked, deformed.

gang, n. band, crew, company, group, crowd, set, squad, party,
number, clique.

gangling, a. (Colloq.) lanky, spindling.

gangrene, n. mortification, sphacelation.--v. mortify,

gangrenous, a. mortified, mortifying, sphacelate.

gap, n. hiatus, rift, crevice, rent, interstice, chasm. See

gape, v. yawn, oscitate; gaze, stare.

gape, n. yawn, yawning, gaping, oscitancy, oscitation; rictus (the

gaping, n. yawning, oscitancy, oscitation; staring.

garbage, n. offal, refuse, swill, waste. Associated Word:

garble, v. pervert, distort, falsify, misstate, wrench, misquote,

garbling, n. perversion, distortion, falsification, misstatement,

gardener, n. horticulturist.

gardening, n. horticulture.

garland, n. wreath, chaplet, coronal, bays, laurel; anthology,

garnish, v. embellish, beautify, decorate, trim, adorn.

garniture, n. garnish, garnishment, embellishment, decoration,

garret, n. attic, cockloft.

gaseous, a. aeriform, gassy, gasiform; tenuous, thin, unsubstantial.

gash, v. slash, incise.

gash, n. incision, slash.

gasp, n. pant, panting.--v. pant.

gassing, n. (Slang) boasting, vaunt, gasconade, palaver, vapor,

gassy, a. gaseous, aeriform; (Slang) boastful, bombastic, vaporous,

gate, n. entrance, portal; wicket; turnstile, turnpike; postern;
tollgate; sluice gate; stanch; herse, portcullis.

gather, v. congregate, assemble, convene, muster, collect,
concentrate; harvest, pick, glean, pluck, crop, reap; accumulate, amass,
hoard, garner; contract, compress; pucker, plait, ruffle, shirr; infer,
conclude, deduce; maturate.

gather, n. pucker, plait, ruffle, shirring.

gathering, n. collection, crowd, assembly, congregation, concourse,
assemblage, muster, party, company; accumulation, amassing, amassment;
abscess, imposthume, ulcer, boil, carbuncle, suppuration, maturation,

gaudy, a. showy, flashy, meretricious, ostentatious, tawdry, garish.

gaunt, a. emaciated, pinched, attenuated, meager, lean.

gawk, n. gawky, booby, lout, simpleton, hind, boor.

gawky, a. ungraceful, clumsy, ungainly, loutish, boorish, uncouth.

gay, a. merry, sportive, frolicsome, lively, exhilarating, vivacious,
jolly, blithe, airy, boon, convivial, jovial, joyous; brilliant, dashing,
gallant, showy; garish, gaudy, flashing, tawdry; (Colloq.) loose,
dissolute, fast.

gayety, n. merriment, mirth, hilarity, sportiveness, conviviality,
joviality, light-heartedness, elation.

gear, n. rigging, tackle, gearing, mechanism, draught-gear;
accouterments, trappings.

geld, v. castrate.

gem, n. jewel.

general, a. indefinite, vague, ill-defined; prevalent, extensive;
usual, common, ordinary, regular. Antonyms: specific, definite.

generality, n. bulk, common run, mass, main body; universality,

generalship, n. strategy.

generate, v. procreate, beget, engender, reproduce; originate,
produce, propagate.

generation, n. procreation, reproduction, prolification, begetting;
origination, production, formation.

generative, a. generating, procreative, genial.

generosity, n. magnanimity, nobleness; liberality, munificence,
bounty, bountifulness, beneficence, lavishsess.

generous, a. magnanimous, noble, highminded, ingenuous; munificent,
bountiful, open-handed, liberal, lavish, charitable, unstinted; abundant,
plentiful, overflowing. Antonyms: illiberal, ungenerous, stingy, scant,
miserly, penurious.

genial, a. generative, procreative; cheerful, pleasant, agreeable,
cordial, friendly, hearty.

genitals, n. pl. See sexual organs.

gentle, a. well-born, genteel, high-born; docile, tractable, tame,
subdued; mild, quiet, peaceable, meek, unobtrusive; bland, soothing,
pacific, clement, tender, humane; courteous, cultivated, deferential.
Antonyms: drastic, refractory, vicious, brusque, harsh, rough, severe,
rigorous, intractable, indocile.

gentleman, n. Antonyms: cad, boor, churl, Philistine, guy, lout.

gentlemanly, a. courteous, deferential, polite, urbane, gallant,

genuine, a. authentic, veritable, sterling, unmixed, real, pure;
sincere, heartfelt, unaffected. Antonyms: spurious, counterfeit, false,
supposititious, adulterated.

germ, n. origin, first principle; embryo, bud, seed, spore.

German, a. Teutonic.

german, a. related, allied.

German, n. Teuton.

German characteristic. Germanism, Teutonicism.

germane, a. related, allied, akin, relevant, appropriate.

German Federal Council. Bundesrath.

German House of Representatives. Reichstag.

German measles. rubella.

German silver. packfong.

germ destroyer. germicide.

gesture, n. gesticulation, gesturing.--v. gesticulate.

get, v. procure, obtain, acquire, secure, gain, achieve, attain,
realize; induce, persuade, prevail on, win; betake remove; receive; beget,
procreate, engender.

get ahead. advance, prosper, flourish, thrive, proceed; forestall.

getatable, a. (Colloq.) accessible. Antonym: inaccessible

get back. return; recover, recuperate, reclaim, retrieve, regain.

get clear. be acquitted, be released, escape.

get down. descend, alight, dismount.

get off. descend, alight, dismount; escape, be released, be

get on. mount; prosper, advance, progress.

get out. extricate, release.

get over. surmount, overcome, conquer; recover from.

getting, n. acquisition, obtaining, receiving, acquirement,

gewgaw, n. bawble, gaud, knickknack, trifle, toy, trinket, bagatelle.

ghastly, a. cadaverous, ghostly, pallid, pale, horrible, shocking,

ghost, n. shade, phantom, apparition, spectre, spook, revenant,
sprite, wraith; spirit.

ghostly, a. spiritual; spectral, phantomlike.

ghost worship. sciotheism.

ghoul, n. vampire.

giant, n. colossus, monster, Hercules, Goliath, Titan, Cyclops,
Brobdingnagian, ogre.

gibberish, n. jargon, jabber, gabbling, babble, drivel.

gibe, v. scoff, flout, jeer, sneer, ridicule, deride, mock.

gibe, n. ridicule, sneer, sarcasm, derision, mockery.

giddy, a. fickle, mercurial, volatile, flighty, unstable, inconstant,
thoughtless; light-headed, dizzy, vertiginous.

gift, n. gratuity, present, largess, offering, grant, donation,
boon, bounty, bequest, benefaction, contribution, subsidy, legacy, alms,
donative, douceur, dotation, sportula; endowment, talent.

gifted, a. talented.

gigantic, a. enormous, colossal, Herculean, vast, Cyclopean,
prodigious, Titanic, Gargantuan, Brobdingnagian.

giggle, n. snicker, snigger, titter.

gimcrack, n. device, toy, plaything, trinket, knickknack, jiggumbob.

gin, n. trap, snare, springe, artifice, toils; windlass, crane;
Holland gin, schnapps.

gingerly, adv. carefully, cautiously, timidly, fastidiously.

giraffe, n. camelopard.

gird, v. encircle, engird, surround, equip, prepare.

girdle, n. cestus, sash, belt, band, cincture.

girl, n. maiden, maid, lass, lassie, damsel, miss, nymph, virgin;
domestic, maid, waitress; ingenue; soubrette; filly, gill; wench; hoiden,
hussy, minx; coleen (Anglo-Irish).

girlhood, n. maidenhood, virginity.

girth, n. belly-band; circumference.

gist, n. core, substance, pith, marrow, essence.

give, v. confer, bestow, accord, grant, vouchsafe, donate,
contribute, impart, yield, afford, assign. Antonyms: withhold, refuse.

give and take. exchange, interchange, reciprocate, alternate.

give back. return, restore, refund.

give in. yield, surrender, succumb, recede. Antonyms: resist,

given, a. granted, assumed; disposed, inclined; stated, specified.

give off. emit, exhale.

give out. announce, proclaim, publish, report; fail, be inadequate,
be exhausted.

giver, n. donor.

give up. surrender, disgorge; yield, cease, desist, quit,
relinquish, waive, cede, succumb, abdicate, abandon, desert. Antonyms:
resist, withstand, continue, persist.

give way. withdraw, retire, recede; yield, collapse.

giving, n. conferring, bestowal, granting, benefaction.

giving and taking. reciprocity, reciprocation.

glad, a. pleased, delighted, happy, joyous, joyful, gratified,
rejoiced, merry, exhilarated, elated, cheery, animated, gladsome,
jubilant, felicitous, refreshing, exhilarating. Antonyms: sad,
sorrowful. See sad.

gladden, v. cheer, delight, please, exhilarate, gratify, buoy, elate,

gladness, n. delight, pleasure, elation, exhilaration, jubilation,

glamour, n. charm, witchery, magic, spell; illusion, glitter,
delusion, glory. Antonyms: disillusionment, disenchantment.

glance, n. glimpse; allusion; gleam, flash, glitter.

glance, v. glimpse; allude, hint; gleam, beam, glitter.

glare, v. glitter, glisten, dazzle; frown, glower.

glaring, a. dazzling, intense, brilliant; flagrant, notorious,

glass, n. flint glass, crystal glass; aventurine; murrhine glass;
strass (artificial gems); schmelze (Bohemian glass); crystal,

glass, n. tumbler, goblet, bumper, beaker, schooner, bocal; decanter;
carafe; looking-glass, mirror, speculum, cheval glass, pier glass; lens,
spyglass, microscope, telescope, binocular, binocle, opera glass,
lorgnette, polyscope, altiscope, optigraph, prism, reflector, refractor;
hourglass; barometer; hydrometer; pipette; graduate; hygrometer; monocle;
cloche; bolthead, matrass.

glass, n. Associated Words: vitrifacture, vitrifaction, vitrics,
vitrify, vitriform, vitrified, vitrifiable, vitric, devitrify,
devitrification, glazier, glazing, crizzel, invitrifiable vitreous,
vitrescent, vitrescence, hyalography.

glasses, n. pl. spectacles, eye-glasses, pince-nez, goggles,
blinkers, barnacles, lorgnette, louchettes.

glassy, a. vitreous, crystalline, transparent, crystal.

Glauber's salt. sulphate of soda.

gleam, v. glimmer, glitter, radiate, beam, scintillate, sparkle.

gleam, n. beam, ray, glimmer, glance, flash; splendor, sparkle,

glee, n. merriment, joy, mirth, gayety.

gleeful, a. merry, gay, mirthful.

gleety, a. ichorous.

glib, a. smooth, slippery; fluent, voluble, bland, oily.

glimmering, n. glimmer, glimpse, inkling, glance.

glimpse, n. glance; flash; inkling.

glisten, v. sparkle, shine, gleam, flash, glitter, glister.

glister, v. sparkle, glisten, glitter.

glitter, n. brilliancy, shine, gleam, fulgency, radiance.

glitter, v. sparkle, gleam, glisten, glister.

glittering, a. sparkling, glistening, glistering, gleaming, bright,

globe, n. sphere, ball, orb.

gloom, n. gloominess, shadow; melancholy, depression, dejection,

gloomy, a. dark, dismal, obscure, dim, shaded, lowering, overcast,
lurid; melancholy, dejected, sad, despondent, pessimistic, disheartened,
morose, crestfallen, glum, saturnine; disheartening, depressing,

glorious, a. magnificent, grand, resplendent, splendid, admirable,
noble, excellent; (Colloq.) hilarious, ecstatic, elated.

glory, n. fame, renown, honor, eminence, celebrity; pomp,
magnificence, splendor; pride, exultation, arrogance; halo, nimbus,
aureole. Antonyms: ignominy, dishonor, obscurity, ingloriousness, shame,

glory, v. exult, boast, vaunt.

Glory be to the Father. _Gloria Patri_.

gloss, n. luster, polish, sheen, glaze, enamel; show, pretense;
commentary, note, annotation, comment, postil.

gloss, v. annotate, comment, illustrate; glaze, polish; palliate,
extenuate, gloss over.

glossy, a. shining, sleek, sheeny, lustrous, polished, glazed, glace;
specious, plausible.

glove-maker, n. glover.

glowing, a. ardent, passionate, warm, flushed; luminous,

glue, v. cement, glutinate, agglutinate. Antonyms: unglue,

glum, a. moody, dumpish, sullen, sulky, morose, sour.

glut, v. satiate, sate, cloy, surfeit; overfeed, overstock,

glut, n. superfluity, superabundance, overstock, excess.

glutton, n. gormandizer, belly-god, cormorant, gormand; wolverine.

gluttonous, a. voracious, gluttonish.

gluttony, n. voracity, gormandism.

gnawer, n. rodent; pl. Rodentia.

gnawing, a. rodent.

go, v. operate, pass, move, advance, repair, hark, budge, stir,
resort, frequent, wend; circulate; tend, conduce, contribute; depart;
reach, extend.

go, n. fashion, vogue, mode, custom, style; animation, mettle,
Spirit, fire; (Colloq.) energy, life, enterprise, push, perseverance,
stamina; (Slang) circumstance, occurrence, incident, happening, event.

goad, n. gad, prick; instigation, spur, stimulant.

goad, v. urge, incite.

goal, n. bourne, end, aim, destination.

goat, n. buck; Billy goat; Nanny goat; Capra; Capricorn.

goatish, a. hircine, caprine.

go back. return, recede, retreat, retrograde, back, withdraw.

go back on. (Colloq.) apostatize, desert, renounce, forsake, be

go before. precede, antecede.

goblin, n. gnome, hobgoblin, spectre, bugaboo.

go between. intervene, interpose, intercede, mediate.

go-between, n. middleman, agent, broker, procurer, factor,
intermediary, arbitrator, referee, intercessor, advocate, interagent,

go beyond. surpass, transcend, exceed, overstep, transgress.

go-by, n. neglect, ignoring, pretermission.

god, n. deity, divinity, idol. Associated Words: deify,
deification, apotheosize, apotheosis, theogony, Olympus, pantheon,
deicide, deifie, deiform, mythology, polytheism, monotheism, theomachy,
cuhemerism, monolatry, undeify, undeification, oracle.

God, n. the Supreme Being, the Creator, Jehovah, Infinite Spirit,
Deity, the First Cause, the Almighty; (Hebrew) Elohim, El Shaddai,
Adonai, Jah. Associated Words: theism, deism, atheism, theocracy,
theocrasy, theology, theomachy, pantheism, acosmism, pancosmism,
theocentric, thearchy, theomania, theosophy, theochristic, theodicy,
theophany, demiurge, anthropomorphism, anthropomorphology, tetragrammaton,
anthropopathism, psychotheism.

godfather, n. sponsor.

godless, a. irreligious, impious, atheistical, ungodly.

godlike, a. divine.

godlessness, n. irreligion, impiety, atheism, ungodliness.

godly, a. devout, religious, pious, saintly.

godmother, n. sponsor.

godsend, n. boon, windfall.

going, n. traveling; departure; exit, egress, exodus.

going back. return, recession, retreat, withdrawal, retrogradation.

going back on. apostasy, defection, renunciation, perfidy,
desertion, unfaithfulness.

going before. precedence, antecedence, priority.--a. precedent,
antecedent, prior, preceding.

going between. intercession, mediation, intervention, interposition,
arbitration.--a. mediatorial, intercessory, mediatory.

goiter, n. bronchocele, tracheocele.

gold, n. _aurum_; bullion, (uncoined gold). Associated words:
alchemist, alchemy, auriferous, alloy, assay, assayer, assaying, filigree,
aurated, auric, aureate, aurific, aurigraphy, aurivorous, aurocephalous,
platinum, aurous, billet, carat, chlorination, chrysography, cupel, foil,
cupellation, gild, orphrey, vermeil, gilded, gilding, gilt, orris,
amalgamated, goldsmith, bonanza, schlich, inaurate, inauration, ingot,
lingot, lode, nugget, ore, ormolu, pinchbeck, blick, Mannheim gold.

golden age. Associated Word: Saturnian.

gondolier, n. Associated Word: barcarolle (song).

goneness, n. (Colloq.) inanition, faintness, exhaustion, languor.

good, a. virtuous, worthy, moral, exemplary, conscientious, sterling,
meritorious, saintly, guileless; humane, altruistic, philanthropic,
benevolent, indulgent; desirable, excellent, expedient, commendable,
beneficial, auspicious, propitious, favorable; clever, dexterous,
competent, adroit, proficient, ready.

good, n. welfare, benefit, advantage, weal, well-being, utility,
interest; virtue, excellence, worth, character, value.

good-bye, n. farewell, adieu, _au revoir_.

good fellow. trump, brick, _bon vivant_.

good graces. favor, friendship, regard.

good humor. amiability, geniality, affability, complaisance.

good-looking, a. comely, handsome, pretty, personable.

good nature. amiability, benignity, geniality, complaisance, good
humor, affability.

good-natured, a. amiable, jovial, affable, complaisant, indulgent,
good-humored, genial.

goods, n. pl. chattels, effects, possessions; merchandise, wares,

goose, n. gander (male goose); gosling (young goose); graylag,
ganza (wild goose); goslet; pl. geese; Anseres, Anseriformes.
Associated Words: anserene, anserous, gosherd, yang, honk, gaggle,

goose, n. simpleton, gull, dupe, witling, numskull.

gore, v. stab, pierce, penetrate.--n. blood, cruor; gusset.

gorge, n. gully, defile, ravine, pass.

gorge, v. bolt, gulp, eat greedily; glut, stuff, satiate.

gorgeous, a. magnificent, elegant, resplendent, grand, splendid.

gossip, n. tattler, tale-bearer, frump, quidnunc; gossipry.

go to bed. retire.

gourd, n. calabash.

gout, n. podagra, arthritis.

govern, v. direct, control, regulate, command, reign, influence,
restrain, bridle, guide.

governable, a. manageable, obedient, submissive.

government, n. governance, sway, dominion, command, regency,
authority, regulation, administration. Antonyms: anarchy, license,

governor, n. chief magistrate, executive. Associated Word:

gown, n. dress; robe; wrapper; cassock, soutane.

grab, v. seize, snatch, clutch, grasp, pluck.

grace, n. compassion, lenity, mercy, benevolence, love, excellence,
virtue; beauty, loveliness, gracefulness, comeliness; refinement,
elegance, courtliness, culture, polish; holiness, saintliness, sanctity,

grace, v. adorn, beautify, embellish; dignify, honor, exalt.

graceful, a. elegant, easy, willowy, courtly, polished. Antonyms:
See ungraceful.

graceless, a. depraved, abandoned, reprobate, shameless,

gracious, a. merciful, lenient, beneficent, compassionate, benign,
tender; graceful, elegant; courteous, debonair, complaisant, urbane,

graduate, n. alumnus; pl. alumni.

graft, v. ingraft, march.

grafting, n. ingrafting, ingraftment, inarching.

grain, n. kernel, seed; cereals (edible grains); granule, pellet.
Associated Words: granary, sheaf, shock, farina, graniferous, chaff,
glume, grits, groats, grist, Ceres, flail, thrash, windrow, frumentaceous,

grain, n. fiber, texture; disposition, humor, temper; particle, whit,
mite, scintilla, atom, iota, jot, trace.

grain-eating, a. granivorous.

grainy, a. granular, granulate, granulated, granulous.

grand, a. august, imposing, sublime, stately, magnificent, splendid,
palatial, lofty, consummate, glorious, superb, elegant, majestic,
gorgeous, luxurious, impressive, dignified, illustrious, noble.

grandeur, n. splendor, magnificence, elegance, sublimity, majesty,

grandfather, n. grandsire, patriarch.

grandiose, a. impressing, imposing; bombastic, turgid, declamatory,

grandmother, n. grandam.

grandparent, n. Associated Word: aval.

grant, v. convey, transfer, code; give, bestow, allot, deign,
vouchsafe; admit, concede, allow, comply, permit.

grant, n. conveyance, transfer, cession;, concession; gift, bounty,

grant back. recede.

grape-culture, n. viticulture.

grapes, n. pl. Associated Words: vineyard, vineyardist, arbor,
grapery, pergola, viticolous, marc, must, prokris, rape, coulure,
racemation, tartar, argol.

grape-sugar, n. glucose, dextrose, diabetic sugar, starch sugar.

grapple, v. seize, attack, clutch, grasp, struggle, wrestle, contend.

grappling dogs. spandogs.

grappling iron. grapnel, grab, grapple.

grasp, v. seize, clutch, clinch, clasp, gripe; struggle, wrestle;
comprehend, understand.

grasp, n. seizure, apprehension, gripe, clasp, grip, prehension;
hold, possession; comprehension, understanding.

grasping, a. avaricious, sordid, covetous, niggardly, greedy.

grass, n. herbage, pasture, pasturage; sward, sod, greensward, lawn,
esplanade. Associated Words: agrostology, agrostologist, agrostography,
gramineous, graze, palea, graminology, gramineal, swath, rowen, aftermath,
turf, tussock, hassock, aftergrass, fog, glume, graminaceous.

grass-eating, a. graminivorous, herbivorous.

grass-eating animals. Herbivora.

grateful, a. thankful. Antonym: ungrateful.

gratification, n. satisfaction, indulgence, enjoyment, fruition,
pleasure, delight.

gratify, v. satisfy, indulge, content, delight, humor, Antonyms:
deny, mortify.

grating, a. harsh, jarring, rasping, discordant.

gratitude, n. thankfulness. Antonym: ingratitude.

gratuitous, a. spontaneous, free, voluntary; unrepaid, unrequited;
uncalled for, unwarranted, unfounded.

grave, a. important, momentous, serious; sober, solemn, staid,
demure, sedate, quiet, thoughtful, subdued, sepulchral.

grave, n. tomb, sepulcher, charnel-house, ossuary, sepulture;
tumulus, barrow.

grave-clothes, n. pl. cerements, shroud, winding-sheet.

gravel, n. pebbles, grit, shingle; arena; gravelstone, pebble,

graven, a. carved, sculptured.

graver, n. engraver, sculptor; burin.

grave wax. adipocere.

gray, a. hoary; slate, drab, maltese, mouse-colored.

grease, n. lubricant, fat.--v. lubricate.

greaser, n. lubricant, lubricator.

greasy, a. sebaceous, oily, unctuous, oleaginous, fatty.

great, a. immense, enormous, prodigious, gigantic; numerous,
countless; superior, excellent, admirable; eminent, famous, illustrious,
distinguished, renowned, famed, noted; egregious, flagrant, serious,
grievous; fabulous, excessive, immoderate, exorbitant.

greatest, a. supreme, superlative, utmost, maximum.

greatest good. _summum bonum_.

great-hearted, a. magnanimous.

great-heartedness, n. magnanimity.

great spirit. Manito (Amer. Ind.)

greediness, n. avarice, voracity, avidity, covetousness, rapacity,
gluttony, insatiableness, cupidity.

greedy, a. avaricious, grasping; sordid, covetous; insatiable,
ravenous, voracious, gluttonous, rapacious; insatiate.

greedy-gut, n. (Low) glutton, gormand.

Greek, a. Grecian, Hellenic.

Greek, n. Grecian, Hellene; Romaic, Hellenic, Neo-Hellenic.

Greek, n. (Colloq.) mystery.

green, a. verdant, emerald, virid, virescent; immature, unripe; raw,
untrained, callow, unsophisticated, awkward, inexperienced, unskilled,
undisciplined, gullible; unseasoned; fresh, undecayed. Antonyms: sear,
parched, seasoned, ripe, experienced, veteran.

greenhorn, n. (Colloq.) tyro, novice, gull, dupe, yahoo, gudgeon.

greenhouse, n. conservatory.

green manuring. sideration.

greenness, n. verdancy, viridity, verdure; rawness, immaturity,
unripeness; inexperience, unsophisticatedness, gullibility..

greensand, n. marl.

green-sickness, n. chlorosis.

greet, v. address, salute, hail, accost.

greeting, n. salutation, salute.

grief, n. anguish, sorrow, heartbreak, regret, remorse, dolor,
misery, heartache, woe, tribulation, rue, affliction, bereavement, trial,
adversity, distress, grievance.

grievance, n. wrong, injustice, resentment, trouble, complaint,
gravamen (Law).

grieve, v. mourn, regret, lament, rue, weep, sorrow, bewail, deplore;
wound, afflict, try, distress, pain.

grievous, a. afflictive, distressing, deplorable, lamentable,
painful; heinous, atrocious, flagitious, outrageous, flagrant, egregious,
nefarious; plaintive, pitiful.

grill, n. gridiron, broiler.

grilling, n. broiling, grillade.

grimy, a. begrimed.

grind, v. crush, powder, pulverize, comminute, bruise, bray,
triturate, levigate; harass, persecute, oppress.

grind, n. grinding, pulverization; (Slang) drudgery; (Slang) dig.

grinder, n. abradant.

grinding, n. pulverization, trituration, crushing,
levigation.--a. abradant.

grinding stone. millstone, muller, metate.

grip, n. clutch, grasp; (Colloq.) grippe.

grip, n. (Colloq.) gripsack, valise, satchel, traveling-bag.

grip, v. seize, clutch, grasp, clinch.

gripes, n. pl. colic.

griping, n. gripes, colic.

grippe, n. influenza.

gristle, n. cartilage.

gristly, a. cartilaginous.

grit, n. firmness, resolution, courage, fortitude, spirit,

gritty, a. sandy; (Colloq.) unyielding, plucky, spirited,
determined, resolute.

grizzly bear. Ephraim (Hunter's name).

groan, n. and v. moan.

grogblossom, n. rosedrop, rosy whelk.

grogshop, n. dramshop, saloon.

groom, n. valet; hostler, stable-man; bridegroom.

groove, n. rut, channel, furrow; chamfret, rabbet, fluting; stria,

groove, v. channel, furrow; chamfer, flute.

grooved, a. channeled, chamfered, fluted, striated.

gross, n. aggregate.

grotesque, a. fantastic, bizarre, outlandish, baroque, whimsical.

grouchy, a. (Colloq.) unamiable, sullen, surly, cynical, morose,

ground, n. soil, earth, dirt, clod, loam, mould, clay, land; premise,
reason, consideration, motive, inducement, reason; terra-firma.

ground hog. woodchuck, American marmot.

groundless, a. unfounded, chimerical, baseless, unauthorized.

grounds, n. pl. settlings, sediment, dregs, precipitate.

ground squirrel. chipmunk, hackee.

groundwork, n. foundation, basis, base.

group, n. cluster, assemblage, crowd.

grouty, a. (Colloq.) unamiable, sulky, sullen, cynical, surly,

grovel, v. crawl, sneak, cringe, wallow, fawn.

groveling, a. debased, abject, servile, sneaking.

grow, v. increase, extend, augment, wax, accrue, develop, expand,
mature, flourish, thrive; vegetate, sprout, pullulate, germinate,
bourgeon; raise, cultivate. Antonyms: wane, atrophy, blast, diminish,
stunt, stagnate.

grower, n. cultivator.

growing, a. developing, waxing, increasing, flourishing.

growing together. accretion, concretion, coalescence.--a.
coalescent, accretive.

growl, n. grumble, snarl, gnarl.

growler, n. grumbler, snarler, murmurer, cynic, pessimist,

growth, n. growing, development, accretion, extension, increase,
augmentation, increment, enlargement; excrescence hypertrophy, overgrowth;
germination, cultivation, pullulation, sprouting. Antonyms: atrophy,
decrease, blasting, undevelopment.

grow together. coalesce, concrete, accrete

grub, v. drudge, slave, moil; root out, uprooc, eradicate.

grub, n. caterpillar, maggot, larva, grubworm.

grub-ax, n. mattock.

grudge, n. ill-will, hatred, antipathy, rancor, aversion, enmity,
resentment, envy.

grudge, v. begrudge, resent, envy.

grudgeful, a. envious, resentful.

grudgingly, adv. unwillingly, reluctantly, sullenly, enviously

gruff, a. ungracious, brusque, surly, rude, impolite, stern.

grum, a. morose, surly, sour, glum; guttural, low, rumbling.

grumble, v. murmur, repine, complain, croak; growl, snarl.

grumbler, n. complainer, croaker, fault-finder, growler.

grumpy, a. (Colloq.) surly, disgruntled, grouty, irritable, sullen.

guarantee, n. warranty, security, surety.

guard, v. protect, defend, shield, shelter, fortify, preserve.
Antonym: expose.

guard, n. guardsman, watch, watchman, sentinel, patrol, sentry,
picket; convoy, escort, body-guard; defense, protection, shield,
safeguard, bulwark, armor; attention, heed, watch, circumspection.
Associated Word: cordon.

guarded, a. cautious, wary, circumspect, careful, reserved,

guardian, n. defender, guard, tutelary saint, keeper, warden,
protector, defense, guardian angel. Antonyms: ward, protege.

guardian, a. tutelary, protecting, tutelar.

guardianship, n. protection, care, watch, wardenship, tutelage.

guess, v. conjecture, speculate, surmise; think, suppose, presume,
apprehend, believe, daresay, opine.

guess, n. conjecture, surmise, supposition, speculation.

guesswork, n. conjecture.

guide, v. pilot, steer, direct, govern, conduct.

guide, n. conductor, pilot, director; cicerone; polestar; rudder,
regulator; mentor, monitor, counsellor; key, clew.

guidebook, n. itinerary.

guiding star. loadstar, polestar, Cynosure.

guild, n. society, association, fraternity, corporation, brotherhood.

guile, n. subtlety, cunning, wiliness, deceit, insincerity, artifice.

guileful, a. deceitful, crafty, artful, wily, subtle, designing.

guileless, a. innocent, artless, sincere, undesigning, ingenuous.

guilt, n. criminality, guiltiness, complicity, culpability, crime;
wrong, offense, transgression, sin. Antonyms: innocence, inculpability.

guiltless, a. inculpable, blameless, innocent.

guilty, a. culpable, punishable, criminal, peccant, sinful.

guise, n. way, custom, manner, mien; garb, shape, appearance, dress,

gulch, n. gully, ravine.

gulf, n.abyss, chasm; vortex, whirlpool, rapids, maelstrom; bay.

gulfweed, n. sargasso.

gull, n. cheat, swindle, humbug, fraud; dupe, gudgeon, cully; seamew,
mew, cob.

gullet, n. esophagus.

gullible, a. credulous.

gully, n. gulch, ravine, gorge, couloir.

gumboll, n. parulis.

gummy, a. viscous, adhesive.

gumption, n. (Colloq.) shrewdness, sagacity, discernment, acumen,
common sense.

gum-yielding, a. guttiferous.

gun, n. firearm, weapon, rifle, shotgun, blunderbuss, musket,
flobert, pistol, revolver, derringer, cannon, swivel gun, matchlock,
breech-loader, stanchion gun, arquebus, Krupp gun, Winchester, howitzer,
gatling gun, flintlock. Associated Words: bayonet, gunsmith, bore,
caliber, trigger, hammer, ramod, armory, armorer, gunsmithery, holster.

gun-cotton, n. pyroxylin.

gunner, n. cannoneer.

gunroom, n. wardroom.

guns, n. pl. artillery, ordnance, cannon, armament, arms.

gunsmith, n. armorer, gunmaker.

gunwale, n. portoise.

gush, v. rush, pour, stream, spout.

gushing, a. rushing, pouring; (Colloq.) effusive, demonstrative,
ebullient, sentimental.

gusto, n. enjoyment, appreciation, relish, taste.

gut, n. intestine.--v. disembowel, eviscerate.

guts, n. pl. intestines, bowels, entrails.

gutter, n. eaves trough, cullis; conduit, channel, drain, rindle;

guttersnipe, n. (Slang) street Arab, gamin.

gutting, n. disembowelment, evisceration.

guy, n. guy-rope, stay, shore; scarecrow, dowdy, fright, effigy.

guy, v. steady, guide, shore, stay (with a rope); (Colloq.) fool,
baffle, ridicule.

gymnast, n. athlete.

gymnastic, a. athletic, calisthenic.

gymnastics, n. pl. athletics, calisthenics.

gypsy, n. Romany, Bohemian; Romany, Romanes (language); schemer,

gypsy, a. nomadic, vagabond.


Habit, n. wont, custom, practice, usage, habitude, addiction, way,

habitual, a. wonted, customary, regular, accustomed.

habituate, v. accustom, addict, inure, familiarize. Antonyms:
disaccustom, wean.

hag, n. vixen, virago, termagant, harridan, fury, Jezebel, beldame.

haggard, a. gaunt, emaciated, hollow-eyed.

haggle, v. hack, hackle; chaffer, higgle.

haggler, n. higgler, chafferer.

hail, v. accost, salute, address, signal.

hail-storm, n. Associated Words: paragrandine, paragrele.

hair, n. bristle; pubescence; pubes; tentaculum, palpus; lock, tress;
coiffure; chignon; forelock. Associated Words: trichology, depilatory,
depilitant, depilate, depilation, disheveled, bandeau, barrette, tonsure,
pomade, follicle, sac, fillet, ecdysis, endysis, bandoline, piliferous,
piliform, piligerous, coiffeur, tousled.

hairiness, n. hirsuteness, hirsuties, pubescence, villosity,
capillament, hypertrichosis.

hairless, a. bald, glabrous, depilous.

hairsplitting, a. subtle, fine.

hair-worm, n. gordius.

hairy, a. hirsute, shaggy, bristly, pubescent.

half, adv. partially, imperfectly.

half, n. moiety.

half-blooded, a. hybrid, mongrel, degenerate, half-breed.

half-hearted, a. indifferent, lukewarm, perfunctory.

half-moon, n. crescent. Associated Word: semilunar.

halfway, adv. in the middle, imperfectly, partially.--a.
intermediate, midway.

half-witted, a. imbecile, defective, silly, dull-witted, witless.

half-yearly, a. semi-annual, bi-annual.

hall, n. auditorium, lyceum; vestibule, entry, court; corridor,
passage, lobby; manor-house; odeon.

hallow, v. consecrate, venerate, reverence, sanctify, bless.

hallowed, a. holy, sacred, consecrated, dedicated, blessed,

hallucination, n. aberration, chimera, fallacy, self-deception,
delusion, phantasm, illusion.

halo, n. nimbus, glory, aureola, aureole.

haloed, a. glorified, aureoled.

halve, v. bisect, dimidiate.

halving, n. bisection, dichotomy, dimidiation.

hammer, n. sledge, sledge-hammer, maul, mallet, beetle, gavel, kevel,
crandall, marteline. Associated Words: peen, hephestic, poll.

hammer, v. beat, forge, malleate, beetle.

hammer and tongs. vigorously, forcibly, energetically.

hamper, v. fetter, shackle, impede, restrain, hinder, encumber,

hamper, n. hanaper; shackle, fetter, restraint, impediment.

hamstring, n. hough.--v. disable, cripple, lame, hough.

hand, n. paw, manus. Associated Words: chirology, chiromancy,
palmistry, chiropody, chiropodist, chirognomy, chirographer,
chirographist, chirogymnast, chirologist, cheirosophy, manicure,
chiromancer, manual, chirography, ambidextral, ambidextrous,
ambidexterity, ambidexter, achirous, chiragra, fist, manacle, castanets,
mount, discriminal, bimanual, bimanous.

handbag, n. satchel, reticule.

handbook, n. manual, guidebook, _vade mecum_, hornbook, enchiridion.

handcuff, n. manacle, fetter, shackle.

hand down. transmit (in succession).

handle, n. bail; hilt, haft.

handy, a. dexterous, adroit, ready; convenient.

hang, v. suspend; dangle; execute; droop, drop; append, attach;
depend, rest; hover, impend, threaten; lean, incline, slope; lynch.

hang, n. (Colloq.) connection, arrangement, plan.

hang back. hesitate, falter, be reluctant.

hangdog, a. sneaking, ashamed, shamefaced, guilty.

hanger-on, n. tagtail, satellite, parasite, sycophant, dependant,
vassal, minion, sponger, toady, heeler, toadeater, fawner, votary.

hanging, a. suspended, pendent, pendulous, pensile, dangling.

hanging, n. suspension; execution; drapery, valance, tapestry,
dorsal, lambrequin. Associated Words: gallows gibbet.

hanging on. persistence, tenacity, importunity.

hangman, n. executioner.

hangnail, n. agnail.

hang out. project, protrude.

hang over. impend, project.

hang to. cling.

hanker, v. long for, yearn, crave, covet, lust.

hankering, n. longing, craving, yearning.

haphazard, n. chance, accident, random.

happen, v. occur, befall, betide; supervene, intervene.

happiness, n. felicity, blessedness, delight, gladness, pleasure,
ecstasy, bliss, rapture, merriment, mirth, elation, beatitude, joy.
Antonyms: sorrow, grief. Associated Words: eudemonics, eudemonist,
eudemonism, eudemonic, beatify, beatification, hedonics, hedonist,
hedonic, hedonism, felicific, felicitate, felicitation.

happy, a. joyous, light-hearted, gay, blissful, glad, delighted,
elated, merry, ecstatic, buoyant, cheerful, gratified, joyful, beatific,
rapturous, felicitous, blithe, halcyon, charmed, exultant, ravishing,
gladdened; lucky, prosperous, successful; auspicious. Antonyms: See

happy-go-lucky, a. improvident, easy-going, unthrifty.

harangue, n. declamation, ranting, effusion, screed, tirade.

harangue, v. declaim, spout, rant.

harass, v. fatigue, tire, weary; annoy, vex, torment, perplex,
distress, persecute, worry, bother.

harbinger, n. forerunner, precursor, herald, messenger.

harbor, n. refuge, shelter, asylum, retreat; port, haven,

hard, a. firm, solid, compact, impenetrable, unimpressible,
unyielding, rigid, adamantine, dense, insoluble, flinty, indurate,
indurated, infrangible; arduous, laborious, wearisome, onerous,
burdensome, toilsome, tiresome, exhausting, difficult, knotty, intricate,
puzzling, incomprehensible; irresistible, uncontrollable; severe,
rigorous, unendurable, oppressive, unjust, grievous, calamitous,
incompliant; stern, unyielding, obdurate, unfeeling, exacting, insensible,
hard-hearted, callous, implacable, inflexible; repelling, constrained,
inelegant; severe, inclement, rigorous; excessive, immoderate;
unprosperous, unfavorable, disastrous.

hard case. (Colloq.) incorrigible, reprobate, derelict, outcast.

hard coal. anthracite, glance coal.

harden, v. indurate, solidify; petrify, ossify, sear, brutalize,
embitter; inure, season, fortify, steel, brace, accustom.

hardened, a. indurated; callous, inexorable, ossified, petrified,
obdurate, incorrigible, inveterate, case-hardened, seared, depraved,
graceless, impenitent, confirmed; sclerosed, sclerotic.

hardening, n. induration; habituation, confirmation; solidification,
petrifaction, ossification; sclerosis (Med.).

hard-headed, a. shrewd, astute, sagacious.

hard-hearted, a. unsympathetic, inexorable, ruthless, unsparing,
stern, obdurate, incompassionate.

hardihood, n. boldness, bravery, courage, intrepidity, fortitude;
audacity, effrontery, impudence.

hard lines. hardship, difficulties, adversity.

hardness, n. induration, compactness, impenetrability, solidity,
firmness, adamant. Associated Word: durometer.

hardship, n. privation, adversity, affliction, reverse, calamity,
disaster, visitation.

hardware, n. ironmongery.

hardy, a. courageous, intrepid, brave; hearty, hale, robust, lusty.

hare-brained, a. heedless, reckless, rash, giddy, careless.

harem, n. concubines, seraglio.

harlot, n. prostitute, courtesan, whore.

harlotry, n. prostitution, whoredom.

harm, v. injure, hurt, damage, impair, scathe, mar, deface, abuse,

harm, n. injury, damage, detriment, scath, mischief, misfortune.

harmful, a. injurious, pernicious, detrimental, baneful, noxious,
prejudicial, deleterious, ruinous, hurtful.

harmless, a. innocuous, innoxious; inoffensive, peaceable;
uninjured, unscathed.

harmonious, a. symmetrical, correspondent, consistent, congruent,
conformable; consonant, symphonious, melodious amicable, peaceable.
Antonyms: inharmonious, discordant, antagonistic, incompatible.

harmonize, v. agree, chime, tally, correspond, accord; adjust,

harmony, n. concord, agreement, concurrence, consonance chime,
unison, unanimity; concordance, congruity, adaptation, consistency.
Antonyms: discord, antagonism, variance, contention, incongruity,
inconsistency, dissension, opposition.

harness, n. saddlery; accouterments, armor, array, gearing,
equipment, tackling, gear; caparison, trappings, Associated Words:
saddler, saddlery.

harness, v. equip, array, caparison, tackle.

harp, n. lyre. Associated Words: harpist, lyrist, lyrism, lyric,

harpy, n. extortioner, oppressor.

harrow, v. wound, lacerate, tear, distress, torture, harass.

harsh, a. inharmonious, rough, disagreeable, unpleasant, raucous;
dissonant, strident, discordant, cacophonous: austere, morose, severe,
ungracious, inurbane, discourteous, churlish, uncivil, blunt, bluff,
brusque, acrimonious, caustic, acrid, repulsive.

harum-scarum, a. (Colloq.) wild, giddy, reckless, volatile,
indiscreet, hare-brained.

harvest, n. ingathering; crop, produce, yield, fruit.

hash, n. ragout, gallimaufry, potpourri, ollapodrida, olio,
_rechauffe_ (rehash).

haste, n. celerity, swiftness, dispatch, expedition, speed,
quickness; hurry, urgency, precipitance. Antonyms: slowness,

hasten, v. accelerate, expedite, quicken, precipitate press, urge;

hastiness, n. haste, precipitancy, precipitation, precipitance,

hasty, a. swift, rapid, quick, fast; precipitate, rash, eager,
precipitant; cursory, hurried, superficial.

hatch, v. breed, incubate; concoct, excogitate, brew, scheme.

hatcher, n. incubator.

hatchet, n. small ax; tomahawk; machete; dolabra.

hate, v. dislike, detest, abhor, despise, abominate, loathe,

hateful, a. execrable, odious, detestable, abominable, malevolent,

hatred, n. hate, aversion, detestation, animosity, malignity,
antipathy, spite, feud, malice, grudge, malevolence, resentment, dislike,

haughtiness, n. arrogance, hauteur, superciliousness, disdain,

haughty, a. arrogant, supercilious, disdainful, cavalier,
magisterial, assuming, lordly.

haunt, n. resort.

hauteur, n. arrogance, contumely, superciliousness, haughtiness,

haven, n. harbor, port, retreat, asylum, refuge, shelter.

havoc, n. destruction, devastation, waste, ruin, desolation,
demolition, wreck.

hawk, n. falcon; goshawk, kestrel. Associated Words: accipitral,

haystack, n. rick.

hazard, n. chance, contingency, casualty; risk, random, jeopardy,
danger, peril, venture. Antonyms: safety, security, assurance,
certainty, surety.

hazard, v. venture, risk, jeopard, endanger.

hazardous, a. perilous, precarious, risky, unsafe, dangerous.

haze, n. obscurity, dimness, fog, vapor, mist, confusion.

hazy, a. foggy, misty, vaporous; obscure, confused.

head, n. poll, cephalon; costard (Contemptuous), noddle, pate.
Associated Words: phrenology, phrenologist, craniology, craniologist,
cephalology, sinciput, occiput, cephalism, behead, decapitate,
decapitation, capitation, vertex, crown, skull, cranium, fontanel, trepan,
coronal, microcephaly, craniometry, macrocephaly, cephalic, _per capita_,

head, n. chief, leader, commander, director; crisis, culmination;
spike; section, department, category, class.

head, a. principal, chief, leading, cardinal, foremost, main,

headache, n. megrim, cephalalgy, galea.

headdress, n. coiffure.

heading, n. title, caption.

headland, n. cape, promontory, foreland.

heading off. interception.

headless, a. acephalous; beheaded, decapitated; leaderless,

headlong, adv. headforemost; precipitately, rashly; pell-mell,
helter-skelter, confusedly.

head off. intercept.

headsman, n. executioner, Jack Ketch.

headstrong, a. willful, perverse, stubborn, intractable, froward.

heal, v. cure, repair; cicatrize.

healing, a. curative, sanative, restorative, remedial, mollifying,
sanatory, therapeutic, lenitive, medicinal, emollient, assuasive.

health, n. Associated Words: hygiene, Hygeia, hygienic, hygienics,
eucrasy, sanitation, sanitarian, soteriology, eutrophic, hygienist,

healthful, a. healthy; salubrious, wholesome.

healthy, a. hale, well, hearty; salubrious, salutary, wholesome.
Antonyms: unhealthy, ill, sickly, morbid, delicate, diseased.

heap, n. pile, mass, accumulation, lot, stack, cumulation.

heap, v. amass, accumulate, pile, stack, cumulate.

hearer, n. auditor.

hearing, n. audition, listening; audience; earshot, sound, hearing
distance. Associated Words: auditory, acoumeter, acoumetry, acoustic,
audible, audibility, audiometer, deaf, deafness, microcoustic,
microphonous, otacoustic, inaudible, inaudibility, clairaudient,
clairaudience, audient, audiphone, sonometer, audile.

hearsay, n. rumor, report, gossip, bruit, _on dit_.

heart, n. cardia; conscience, character; essence, core, pith, kernel,
marrow. Associated Words: cardiology, carditis, cardiac, cordial,
cardialgia, cardiometry, dexiocardia, systole, diastole, pericardium,
endocardium, auricle, ventricle, valve, aneurism, stethoscope,

heart-broken, a. disconsolate, inconsolable, broken-hearted.

heartburn, n. cardialgia, water-brash, pyrosis.

heartburning, n. discontent, resentment, envy, rankling.

hearthstone, n. hearth, fireside, ingleside. Associated Words:
Vesta, Hestia.

heartless, a. acardiac; cruel, pitiless. See cruel.

heart-shaped, a. cordate, cordiform.

heartwood, n. duramen.

hearty, a. cordial, heartfelt, sincere; healthy, robust, hale;
nourishing, nutritious.

heat, n. warmth, caloric; cauma. Associated Words: pyrology,
pyrologist, thermology, pyrometry, pyrometer, pyronomics, calorifics,
therm, thermal, pyrography, caloric, calorie, thermic, swelter,
thermostat, thermometer, thermometry.

heat, n. vehemence, fire, ardor, impetuosity, fervor, fervency, zeal,
intensity, enthusiasm; oestrus, rut.

heat, v. warm, calefy.

heathen, a. pagan, heathenish, paganic, gentile, paganish;
irreligious, godless.

heathen, n. pagan, idolater.

heathenism, n. idolatry, paganism, pagandom, gentilism; irreligion,

heathenize, v. paganize.

heat stroke. insolation.

heaven, n. Paradise, Elysium, Eden, the New Jerusalem, glory;
Olympus, Elysium, Elysian, Arcadia; Valhalla, Walhalla; Nirvana.

heavenly, a. celestial, supernal; divine, beatific, ravishing,
sublime, ecstatic.

heaviness, n. weight, ponderosity, ponderousness, gravity.

heavy, a. weighty, massive, ponderous; burdensome, oppressive,
onerous, severe; unraised, soggy, indigestible, unleavened.

heavy hand. severity, oppression, persecution, tyranny, extortion.

hector, v. torment, tease, plague, bully, harass.

heed, v. mind, regard, consider, notice, attend.

heed, n. regard, attention, consideration, notice. Antonyms:
disregard, inattention.

heedful, a. attentive, circumspect, cautious, vigilant, mindful.
Antonyms: inattentive, uncircumspect, unmindful, careless, heedless.

heel bone. calcaneum, fibulare.

height, n. altitude, loftiness; elevation; stature, tallness;
eminence, exaltation; summit, zenith, apex, culmination. Associated
words: altimetry, altimeter, hypsometry, hypsometer.

heinous, a. atrocious, flagrant, flagitious, monstrous, nefarious.

heir, n. inheritor; scion; coheir, parcener.

hell, n. inferno, infernal regions, Gehenna, limbo, abyss, Avernus,
Pandemonium, Abaddon, Styx, Hades, Sheol, the grave; Naraka (Buddhism).

hellish, a. infernal, malignant, fiendish, diabolical, atrocious.

helm, n. rudder, tiller, wheel; steersman, pilot; command, control,

helmet, n. casque, headpiece, morion, sallet.

help, v. abet, assist, befriend, succor, aid, cooeperate, collaborate,
second, facilitate, subsidize; remedy, ameliorate, alleviate, promote,

help, n. aid, assistance, succor, support, facilitation, backing,
subsidy, subvention, cooeperation; remedy, relief, cure, restorative.

helper, n. assistant, ally, auxiliary, supporter, abettor, helpmeet,
associate, coadjutor, confederate, deputy, aider, colleague, acolyte,
adjuvant, collaborator, subsidiary, co-aid, cooeperator, accessory,

helpful, a. assistant, conducive, instrumental, useful, salutary.

helping, a. assisting, auxiliary, subsidiary, accessory.

helter-skelter, adv. (Colloq.) irregularly, disorderly, pell-mell,

hem in. environ, surround, encompass, beset, hedge in.

hen, n. partlet; pullet (young hen).

herald, n. messenger, forerunner, precursor, harbinger, crier.

herald, v. proclaim, announce, foretell, usher in.

herd, n. drove; rabble, mob, multitude. Associated Words:
gregarious, gregal.

herdsman, n. ranchman, vaquero, cowboy, vacher.

hereditary, a. ancestral, patrimonial, inheritable, inherited.

heritage, n. inheritance, hereditament, patrimony; possession.

hermit, n. recluse, anchoret, anchorite, eremite, solitary, cenobite.

heroic, a. valiant, bold, daring, brave; desperate, drastic, extreme.

heroism, n. courage, valor, bravery, prowess, fortitude, intrepidity.

hesitancy, n. indecision, vacillation, uncertainty, irresolution,

hesitate, v. doubt, vacillate, falter, dubitate, waver, scruple,
demur, deliberate.

hesitation, n. indecision, doubt, vacillation, reluctance, wavering.

hidden, a. covert, latent, concealed; recondite, esoteric, abstruse,

hide, v. veil, cloak, conceal, dissemble, cache, secrete, mask;
skulk, lurk.

hidebound, a. untractable, bigoted, obstinate, uncompromising.

hideous, a. horrible, grim, ogreish, grisly, repulsive, ugly,
ghastly, shocking.

hiding, n. concealment, secretion.

high, a. lofty, tall, elevated, towering.

high and dry. aground, beached, stranded.

high and mighty. (Colloq.) arrogant, overbearing, domineering,

higher, a. supernal.

highest, a. loftiest, superlative, meridian, maximum, supreme,

highest good. _summum bonum_.

highest point. meridian, culmination, zenith, maximum.

highfaluting, a. bombastic, grandiloquent.--n. bombast.

highflown, a. bombastic, grandiloquent, pretentious, magniloquent,

highflying, a. aspiring, presumptuous, ambitious, Icarian.

highgo, n. (Colloq.) spree, revel, carousal.

highhanded, a. overbearing, tyrannical, arbitrary, autocratic,

high jinks. (Colloq.) revelry, carousal, wild sport.

highland, n. plateau.

high liver. gormand, sybarite, epicure, gourmet, voluptuary,
gastronomer, _bon vivant_.

high living. gormandism, sybaritism, epicurism, luxury. Antonyms:
asceticism, abstemiousness, moderation.

highminded, a. magnanimous, honorable, noble. Antonyms: mean, base,
low, servile, abject, ignoble.

highmindedness, n. magnanimity.

high time. full time; (Slang) carousal, revelry.

hightoned, a. shrill, acute; magnanimous, honorable; (Colloq.)
fashionable, aristocratic.

highwayman, n. bandit, desperado, road agent, outlaw, footpad.

hill, n. mound, eminence, knoll, elevation; monadnock; butte;
monticle; copple; Acropolis; foothill.

hillock, n. knoll, mound.

hilly, a. undulating, uneven, rolling.

hind, n. rustic, boor, peasant.

hinder, n. (Slang) buttocks, rump, seat, fundament.

hinder, a. rear, back.

hinder, v. retard, obstruct, hamper, impede, forestall, forefend,
check, thwart, foil.

hindrance, n. retardation, hindering; obstacle, impediment,
obstruction, restraint, frustration, encumbrance, check.

hinge joint. diarthrosis, ginglymus.

hint, v. intimate, suggest, imply, allude to, refer.

hint, n. allusion, suggestion, insinuation, intimation, innuendo,

hip, n. haunch, huckle; (hip-bone) innominate, ilium, ischium,
pubis. Associated Words: sciatic, ischial, ischiatic, coxalgia,

hire, n. salary, wages, pay, stipend, remuneration,
compensation.--v. engage; let, lease.

hireling, a. mercenary, venal.--n. mercenary.

hiss, n. sibilation, sibilance, hissing.--v. sibilate, whiz.

hissing, a. sibilant, sibilatory.

history, n. annals, chronicle, record, account; biography,
autobiography. Associated Words: historic, historicity, historian,
historiology, historiography, Clio, prehistoric.

hit, v. smite, buffet, strike.

hitch, n. catch, impediment, obstacle, obstruction,
contretemps.--v. hook, yoke, unite, attach.

hoard, v. garner, amass, save, treasure.

hoard, n. store, supply, stock, accumulation.

hoarse, a. harsh, discordant, husky, raucous, guttural.

hobgoblin, n. sprite, goblin, bugaboo.

hobo, n. (Colloq.) tramp, vagrant, vagabond.

hodgepodge, n. medley, farrago, salmagundi, potpourri.

hog, n. swine, porker; boar; sow; barrow (castrated); glutton.
Associated Word: porcine.

hoggish, a. swinish, gluttonous, voracious.

hoitytoity, a. flighty, giddy, thoughtless.

hold, v. sustain, restrain, retain, detain, withhold, arrest;
contain; clutch, grasp, grip, clinch.

hold back. check, restrain, impede, curb, retard.

holdback, n. check, hindrance, restraint, impediment.

holder, n. tenant, occupier; incumbent.

hold in. restrain, curb, check, repress, retain, rein.

holding, n. restraint, retention, checking, continence, tenacity,
detention; tenure, incumbency. Antonyms: incontinence, release.

hole, n. cavity, excavation, pit, perforation, rent, fissure,
opening, aperture, delve, cache, concavity, mortise, puncture, orifice,
eyelet, crevice, loophole, interstice, gap, spiracle, vent, bung, pothole,
manhole, scuttle, scupper, muset, muse; cave, holt, den, lair, retreat,
cover, hovel, burrow. Antonyms: imperforation, closure. Associated
words: auger, drill, gimlet, bodkin, bore, bit, puncture, perforate,
pink, awl, stylet, imperforable, imperforate, punch, wimble, pierce,
eyeleteer, dibble, plug, spigot, spile, gouge, puncheon, probe.

holiday, n. festival, _fete_, _fiesta_ (Sp.).

holiness, n. sanctity, piety, godliness, devoutness, sacredness.

hollow, a. excavated, cavernous, vacant, void, unfilled, empty;
cannulated; concave, depressed, gaunt, sunken; insincere, unsound, false,
hypocritical. Antonyms: convex, protuberant, sincere.

hollow, v. scoop, excavate, concave.

hollow, n. depression, cavity, valley; concavity, channel, groove,
concave, recess; correi.

holy, a. sacred, consecrated, hallowed, sanctified, saintly, godly,
pious, guileless.

Holy Ghost. Paraclete, Holy Spirit, the Comforter, the Sanctifier.

holy oil. chrism. Associated Words: chrismatory, chrismation,
chrismal, cruet, ampulla, unction.

holy water. Associated Words: asperges, aspergill, aspergillum,
aspersorium, aspersoir, stoup, font, benitier, cruet, hyssop.

homage, n. deference, obeisance, reverence, honor; fealty, fidelity,
allegiance; adoration.

home, n. domicile, residence, dwelling-place, abode, dwelling,
hearth, hearthstone; habitat, seat; asylum, retreat. Associated Words:
domestic, domesticate, domesticity, domestication, inhabitativeness.

homeborn, a. native, indigenous.

homely, a. plain, plain-looking, uncomely; inelegant, rude.

homesickness, n. nostalgia. Associated Word: nostalgic.

homing instinct. orientation.

hone, n. oilstone.

honest, a. honorable, reputable; upright, sincere, guileless,
ingenuous, incorruptible.

honesty, n. uprightness, probity, integrity, candor, sincerity,

honey, n. Associated Words: melliferous, mellific, mellification,
metheglin, mellifluent, mellifluous, mellite, mellivorous, meliphagan,
meliphagous, hydromel, mead, comb.

honey-combed, a. alveolate, cellular, faviform, favaginous.

honey-dew, n. meligo, nectar.

honeysuckle, n. woodbine, caprifole.

honey-tongued, a. persuasive, seductive.

honor, n. respect, esteem, veneration, reverence, deference, homage;
probity, integrity, magnanimity, uprightness, chastity, decency, virtue,
modesty; eminence, distinction, fame; glory, excellency, pride.
Antonyms: dishonor, disesteem, irreverence, improbity, disrepute,

honor, v. esteem, respect, revere, reverence, venerate; dignify,
exalt, elevate.

honorable, a. upright, honest, equitable, reputable, magnanimous.

honors, n. pl. titles, dignities, privileges. Associated Words:
timocracy, timocratic, honorary, honorific.

hood, n. cowl, fascinator, capote, capoch, camail, amice, chaperon,
capuchin, bashlyk (Russia).

hooded, a. cowled, capistrate.

hoodlum, n. (Colloq.) rowdy, larrikin.

hoodwink, v. deceive, impose upon, delude, hoax, dupe, overreach.

hook, n. hasp, clasp, catch; crook, tenaculum, peavey, clives,
agraffe, fluke, pot-hook, cant-hook, cleek, trammel, cottrel; snare,
decoy, trap; bill-hook, sickle.

hook, v. fasten, catch, secure; entrap, ensnare; gore; (Colloq.)

hooked, a. aquiline, bent, curvated, uncinate.

hookedness, n. aquilinity, incurvation.

hoot, v. shout, deride, denounce, execrate.

hop, v. spring, jump, skip, frisk, bound, leap, caper, trip, gambol,

hope, n. optimism, anticipation. Antonyms: despair, desperation,

hopeful, a. expectant, optimistic, promising, sanguine.

hopeless, a. despairing, disconsolate, desperate, unpromising

hops, n. pl. Associated Words: lupulin, humulin, lupuline.

horde, n. troop, gang, throng, crowd, multitude (nomadic and

horn, n. antler; epithema; antenna. Associated Words:
cornification, cornute, dehorn, croche, gore, crocket.

horn, n. trumpet, bugle, cornet, trombone; cornucopia; shophar
(Jewish); spur.

horning, n. (Slang) charivari.

hornless, a. polled, mulley, mooley, dodded.

horns of a dilemma. alternatives.

horny, a. ceratose, corneous, cornified, callous, hard.

horrible, a. dreadful, terrible, hideous, shocking, grim, ghastly,
atrocious, revolting, nefarious, appalling, heinous, dire, grewsome,
execrable, awful.

horrid, a. offensive, detestable, horrible.

horror, n. abhorrence, dread, consternation, detestation.

horror-stricken, a. horror-struck, horrified, appalled.

horse, n. Equus; (male) stallion, stud, sire; (female) mare, dam;
(young) colt, foal, filly; (small) pony, tit, mustang; steed, charger,
nag, gelding, cockhorse, cob, pad, padnag, roadster, punch, broncho,
warragal, sumpter, centaur, hackney, jade, mestino, pintado, roan, bat
horse, Bucephalus, Pegasus, Dobbin, Bayard, hobby-horse. Associated
words: equine, equestrian, equestrianism, equestrienne, equerry,
fractious, hostler, groom, hostlery, postilion, coachman, jockey,
hippocampus, hippogriffe, manege, chack, hippology, hippophile, hippotomy,
tandem, equitation, farriery, equitant, paddock, hippiatrics, hippiatry,
neigh, whinny, nicker, hopple.

horse block. montoir.

horse doctor. veterinarian, veterinary, veterinary surgeon, farrier,
horse leech.

horseflesh, n. Associated Words: hippophagy, hippophagism,
hippophagist, hippophagous, equivorous.

horse-fly, n. breese-fly, bot-fly.

horse-laugh, n. guffaw, cachinnation.

horse-louse, n. nitter.

horseman, n. jockey; equestrian; cavalier; cavalryman; chasseur.

horseshoer, n. farrier, blacksmith.

horseshoeing, n. farriery.

horse-trader, n. jockey.

hose, n. hosiery; tubing.

hospital, n. infirmary, asylum, retreat, sanitarium. Associated
words: nosocomial, hospitalism.

host, n. entertainer; landlord, hotel-keeper; multitude, throng,
horde; army, legion. Associated Word: xenial.

host, n. Associated Words: ciborium, pyx, paten, monstrance,
ostensory, ostension, ostensorium.

hostile, a. antagonistic, inimical, unfriendly, repugnant, adverse.

hostility, n. enmity, animosity, unfriendliness, opposition, warfare,

hostler, n. groom.

hot, a. torrid, sultry, fiery, scalding, scorching, grilling,
broiling, tropical, candent; vehement, passionate, irascible, fervid,
ardent, piquant, pungent, acrid, spicy.

hot-blooded, a. ardent, passionate, irritable, excitable, irascible.

hotel, n. hostelry, inn, tavern, caravansary.

hotel-keeper, n. hosteler, host, landlord, inn-keeper, Boniface.

hot room of Roman baths. caldarium.

hot springs. Thermae.

hound, v. importune, harass.

house, n. dwelling, residence, domicile, abode, habitation; mansion,
palace; tenement; chateau, pavilion, villa, manse, phalanstery, lodge;
kiosk; topek; hutch; (religious house) monastery, convent; firm,
company, concern; palafitte.

house, v. shelter, protect, harbor; abide, dwell, lodge.

household, n. family, menage.

household gods. _Lares et Penates_. Associated word: lararium.

housewarming, n. infare (Local U.S.).

hovel, n. hut, shanty, shack, cabin, den, dugout.

howl, v. yowl, roar, ululate, yawl.--n. yowling, ululation,
howling, wail.

hub, n. nave; protuberance, hummock.

hubbub, n. tumult, uproar, din, clamor, commotion, racket,

huckleberry, n. whortleberry.

huckster, n. peddler, hawker, chapman, cadger, hucksterer.

huff, n. petulance, tiff, pet.

huffy, a. petulant, touchy, irritable.

hug, n. embrace.--v. embrace, clasp.

huge, a. mammoth, colossal, vast, stupendous, enormous.

hullabaloo, n. (Colloq.) uproar, vociferation, hubbub, din, clamor,

hum, n. drone, murmur, buzz, bombination; croon.

hum, v. drone, murmur, buzz, bombinate; croon.

humble, a. lowly, meek, modest, unassuming, unpretentious.

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