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Poems And Songs Of Robert Burns by Robert Burns

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Etext of Poems And Songs Of Robert Burns
by Robert Burns


Introductory Note

1771 -1779

Song - Handsome Nell
Song - O Tibbie, I Hae Seen The Day
Song - I Dream'd I Lay
Song - I Dream'd I Lay
Song - In The Character Of A Ruined Farmer
Tragic Fragment - All villain as I am
The Tarbolton Lasses
Ah, Woe Is Me, My Mother Dear
Song - Montgomerie's Peggy
The Ploughman's Life


The Ronalds Of The Bennals
Song - Here's To Thy Health
Song - The Lass Of Cessnock Banks
Song - Bonie Peggy Alison
Song - Mary Morison


Winter: A Dirge
A Prayer, Under The Pressure Of Violent Anguish
Paraphrase Of The First Psalm
The First Six Verses Of The Ninetieth Psalm Versified
Prayer, In The Prospect Of Death
Stanzas, On The Same Occasion

Fickle Fortune: A Fragment
Song - Raging Fortune - Fragment Of
I'll Go And Be A Sodger
Song - "No Churchman Am I"
My Father Was A Farmer
John Barleycorn: A Ballad


Death And Dying Words Of Poor Mailie,
Poor Mailie's Elegy
Song - The Rigs O' Barley
Song Composed In August
Song - My Nanie, O!
Song - Green Grow The Rashes
Song - Wha Is That At My Bower-Door


Remorse: A Fragment
Epitaph On Wm. Hood, Senr., In Tarbolton
Epitaph On James Grieve, Laird Of Boghead, Tarbolton
Epitaph On My Own Friend And My Father's Friend, Wm. Muir In Tarbolton Mill
Epitaph On My Ever Honoured Father
Ballad On The American War
Reply To An Announcement By J. Rankine
Epistle To John Rankine
A Poet's Welcome To His Love-Begotten Daughter^1
Song - O Leave Novels!
The Mauchline Lady: A Fragment
My Girl She's Airy: A Fragment
The Belles Of Mauchline
Epitaph On A Noisy Polemic
Epitaph On A Henpecked Country Squire
Epigram On The Said Occasion
Another On The said Occasion
On Tam The Chapman
Epitaph On John Rankine
Lines On The Author's Death
Man Was Made To Mourn: A Dirge
The Twa Herds; Or, The Holy Tulyie


Epistle To Davie, A Brother Poet
Holy Willie's Prayer
Epitaph On Holy Willie
Death and Doctor Hornbook
Epistle To J. Lapraik, An Old Scottish Bard
Second Epistle To J. Lapraik
Epistle To William Simson
One Night As I Did Wander
Tho' Cruel Fate Should Bid Us Part
Song - Rantin', Rovin' Robin
Elegy On The Death Of Robert Ruisseaux
Epistle To John Goldie, In Kilmarnock
The Holy Fair
Third Epistle To J. Lapraik
Epistle To The Rev. John M'math
Second Epistle to Davie
Song-Young Peggy Blooms
Song-Farewell To Ballochmyle
Fragment-Her Flowing Locks
To A Mouse
Epitaph On John Dove, Innkeeper
Epitaph For James Smith
Adam Armour's Prayer
The Jolly Beggars: A Cantata
Song - For A' That
Song - Merry Hae I Been Teethin A Heckle
The Cotter's Saturday Night
Address To The Deil
Scotch Drink


The Auld Farmer's New-Year-Morning Salutation To His Auld Mare, Maggie
The Twa Dogs
The Author's Earnest Cry And Prayer
The Ordination
Epistle To James Smith
The Vision
Suppressed Stanza's Of "The Vision"
The Rantin' Dog, The Daddie O't
Here's His Health In Water
Address To The Unco Guid, Or The Rigidly Righteous
The Inventory
To John Kennedy, Dumfries House
To Mr. M'Adam, Of Craigen-Gillan
To A Louse
Inscribed On A Work Of Hannah More's
Song, Composed In Spring
To A Mountain Daisy,
To Ruin
The Lament
Despondency: An Ode
To Gavin Hamilton, Esq., Mauchline, Recommending a Boy.
Versified Reply To An Invitation
Song - Will Ye Go To The Indies, My Mary?

My Highland Lassie, O
Epistle To A Young Friend
Address Of Beelzebub
A Dream
A Dedication To Gavin Hamilton, Esq.
Versified Note To Dr. Mackenzie, Mauchline
The Farewell To the Brethren of St. James' Lodge, Tarbolton.
On A Scotch Bard, Gone To The West Indies
Song - Farewell To Eliza
A Bard's Epitaph
Epitaph For Robert Aiken, Esq.
Epitaph For Gavin Hamilton, Esq.
Epitaph On "Wee Johnie"
The Lass O' Ballochmyle
Lines To An Old Sweetheart
Motto Prefixed To The Author's First Publication
Lines To Mr. John Kennedy
Lines Written On A Banknote
Stanzas On Naething
The Farewell
The Calf
Nature's Law-A Poem
Song-Willie Chalmers
Reply To A Trimming Epistle Received From A Tailor
The Brigs Of Ayr
Fragment Of Song
Epigram On Rough Roads
Prayer-O Thou Dread Power
Song - Farewell To The Banks Of Ayr
Address To The Toothache
Lines On Meeting With Lord Daer
Masonic Song
Tam Samson's Elegy
Epistle To Major Logan
Fragment On Sensibility
A Winter Night
Song-Yon Wild Mossy Mountains
Address To Edinburgh
Address To A Haggis


To Miss Logan, With Beattie's Poems, For A New-Year's Gift, Jan. 1, 1787.
Mr. William Smellie-A Sketch
Rattlin', Roarin' Willie

Song-Bonie Dundee
Extempore In The Court Of Session
Inscribed Under Fergusson's Portrait
Epistle To Mrs. Scott of Wauchope-House
Verses Intended To Be Written Below A Noble Earl's Picture^1
Prologue, Spoken by Mr. Woods at Edinburgh.
Song - The Bonie Moor-Hen
Song - My Lord A-Hunting he is gane
Epigram At Roslin Inn
The Book-Worms
On Elphinstone's Translation Of Martial's Epigrams
Song-A Bottle And Friend
Lines Written Under The Picture Of The Celebrated Miss Burns
Epitaph For William Nicol, Of The High School, Edinburgh
Epitaph For Mr. William Michie
Boat song-Hey, Ca' Thro'
Address To Wm. Tytler, Esq., Of Woodhouselee
Epigram To Miss Ainslie In Church
Burlesque Lament For The Absence Of William Creech' s Absence
Note To Mr. Renton Of Lamerton
Elegy On "Stella"
The Bard At Inverary
Epigram To Miss Jean Scott
On The Death Of John M'Leod, Esq,
Elegy On The Death Of Sir James Hunter Blair
Impromptu On Carron Iron Works
To Miss Ferrier
Written By Somebody On The Window Of an Inn at Stirling
The Poet's Reply To The Threat Of A Censorious Critic
The Libeller's Self-Reproof
Verses Written With A Pencil at the Inn at Kenmore
Song-The Birks Of Aberfeldy
The Humble Petition Of Bruar Water
Lines On The Fall Of Fyers Near Loch-Ness.
Epigram On Parting With A Kind Host In The Highlands
Song - Strathallan's Lament
Verses on Castle Gordon
Song-Lady Onlie, Honest Lucky
Song - Theniel Menzies' Bonie Mary
The Bonie Lass Of Albany
On Scaring Some Water-Fowl In Loch-Turit
Song - Blythe Was She
Song - A Rose-Bud By My Early Walk
Epitaph For Mr. W. Cruikshank
Song - The Banks Of The Devon

Song - Braving Angry Winter's Storms
Song - My Peggy's Charms
Song - The Young Highland Rover
Birthday Ode For 31st December, 1787^1
On The Death Of Robert Dundas, Esq., Of Arniston,
Sylvander To Clarinda

Song - Love In The Guise Of Friendship
Song - Go On, Sweet Bird, And Sooth My Care
Song - Clarinda, Mistress Of My Soul
Song - I'm O'er Young To Marry Yet
Song - To The Weavers Gin Ye Go
Song - M'Pherson's Farewell
Song - Stay My Charmer
Song - My Hoggie
Song - Raving Winds Around Her Blowing
Song - Up In The Morning Early
Song - How Long And Dreary Is The Night
Song - Hey, The Dusty Miller
Song - Duncan Davison
Song - The Lad They Ca'Jumpin John
Song - Talk Of Him That's Far Awa
Song - To Daunton Me
Song - The Winter It Is Past
Song - The Bonie Lad That's Far Awa
Verses To Clarinda, with Drinking Glasses
Song - The Chevalier's Lament
Epistle To Hugh Parker
Song - Of A' The Airts The Wind Can Blaw
Song - I Hae a Wife O' My Ain
Lines Written In Friars'-Carse Hermitage
To Alex. Cunningham, ESQ., Writer, Edinburgh
Song.-Anna, Thy Charms
The Fete Champetre
Epistle To Robert Graham, Esq., Of Fintry
Song.-The Day Returns
Song.-O, Were I On Parnassus Hill
A Mother's Lament
Song - The Fall Of The Leaf
Song - I Reign In Jeanie's Bosom
Song - It Is Na, Jean, Thy Bonie Face
Song - Auld Lang Syne
Song - My Bonie Mary
Verses On Aa Parting Kiss
Written In Friars Carse Hermitage (Second Version)
The Poet's Progress
Elegy On The Year 1788
The Henpecked Husband
Versicles On Sign-Posts


Robin Shure In Hairst
Ode, Sacred To The Memory Of Mrs. Oswald Of Auchencruive
Pegasus At Wanlockhead
Sappho Redivivus-A Fragment
Song-She's Fair And Fause
Impromptu Lines To Captain Riddell
Lines To John M'Murdo, Esq. Of Drumlanrig
Rhyming Reply To A Note From Captain Riddell
Caledonia-A Ballad
Verses To Miss Cruickshank
Beware O' Bonie Ann
Ode On The Departed Regency Bill
Epistle To James Tennant Of Glenconner
A New Psalm For The Chapel Of Kilmarnock
Sketch In Verse Inscribed to the Right Hon. C. J. Fox.
The Wounded Hare
Delia, An Ode
Song - The Gard'ner Wi' His Paidle
Song - On A Bank Of Flowers
Song - Young Jockie Was The Blythest Lad
Song - The Banks Of Nith
Song - Jamie, Come Try Me
Song - I Love My Love In Secret
Song - Sweet Tibbie Dunbar
Song - The Captain's Lady
Song - John Anderson, My Jo
Song - My Love, She's But A Lassie Yet
Song - Tam Glen
Song - Carle, An The King Come
Song - The Laddie's Dear Sel'
Song - Whistle O'er The Lave O't
Song - My Eppie Adair
On The Late Captain Grose's Peregrinations Thro' Scotland
Epigram On Francis Grose The Antiquary
The Kirk Of Scotland's Alarm
Sonnet to Robert Graham, Esq., On Receiving A Favour
Extemporaneous Effusion On being appointed to an Excise division.
Song-Willie Brew'd A Peck O' Maut^1
Song - Ca' The Yowes To The Knowes
Song - I Gaed A Waefu' Gate Yestreen
Song - Highland Harry Back Again
Song - The Battle Of Sherramuir
Song - The Braes O' Killiecrankie
Song - Awa' Whigs, Awa'
Song - A Waukrife Minnie
Song - The Captive Ribband
Song - My Heart's In The Highlands
The Whistle-A Ballad
Song - To Mary In Heaven
Epistle To Dr. Blacklock
The Five Carlins
Election Ballad For Westerha'
Prologue Spoken At The Theatre Of Dumfries


Sketch-New Year's Day [1790]
Scots' Prologue For Mr. Sutherland
Lines To A Gentleman,
Elegy On Willie Nicol's Mare
Song - The Gowden Locks Of Anna
Song - I Murder Hate
Song - Gudewife, Count The Lawin
Election Ballad At the close of the contest for representing the Dumfries Burghs, 1790.
Elegy On Captain Matthew Henderson
The Epitaphon Captain Matthew Henderson
Verses On Captain Grose
Tam O' Shanter: A Tale
On The Birth Of A Posthumous Child
Elegy On The Late Miss Burnet Of Monboddo


Lament Of Mary, Queen Of Scots, On The Approach Of Spring
There'll Never Be Peace Till Jamie Comes Hame
Song - Out Over The Forth
The Banks O' Doon (First Version)
The Banks O' Doon (Second Version)
The Banks O' Doon (Third Version)
Lament For James, Earl Of Glencairn
Lines Sent To Sir John Whiteford, Bart
Song - Craigieburn Wood

Song - The Bonie Wee Thing
Epigram On Miss Davies
Song - The Charms Of Lovely Davies
Song - What Can A Young Lassie Do Wi' An Auld Man
Song - The Posie
On Glenriddell's Fox Breaking His Chain
Poem On Pastoral Poetry
Verses On The Destruction Of The Woods Near Drumlanrig
Song - The Gallant Weaver
Epigram At Brownhill Inn^1
Song - You're Welcome, Willie Stewart
Song - Lovely Polly Stewart
Song - Fragment,-Damon And Sylvia
Song - Fragment - Johnie Lad, Cock Up Your Beaver
Song - My Eppie Macnab
Song - Fragment - Altho' He Has Left Me
Song - O For Ane An' Twenty, Tam
Song - Thou Fair Eliza
Song - My Bonie Bell
Song - Sweet Afton
Address To The Shade Of Thomson
Song - Nithsdale's Welcome Hame
Song - Frae The Friends And Land I Love
Song - Such A Parcel Of Rogues In A Nation
Song - Ye Jacobites By Name
Song - I Hae Been At Crookieden
Epistle To John Maxwell, ESQ., Of Terraughty
Second Epistle To Robert Graham, ESQ., Of Fintry
The Song Of Death
Poem On Sensibility
Epigram - The Toadeater
Epigram - Divine Service In The Kirk Of Lamington
Epigram - The Keekin'-Glass
A Grace Before Dinner
A Grace After Dinner
Song - O May, Thy Morn
Song - Ae Fond Kiss, And Then We Sever
Song - Behold The Hour, The Boat, Arrive
Song - Thou Gloomy December
Song - My Native Land Sae Far Awa


Song - I do Confess Thou Art Sae Fair
Lines On Fergusson, The Poet

Song - The Weary Pund O' Tow
Song - When She Cam' Ben She Bobbed
Song - Scroggam, My Dearie
Song - My Collier Laddie
Song - Sic A Wife As Willie Had
Song - Lady Mary Ann
Song - Kellyburn Braes
Song - The Slave's Lament
Song - O Can Ye Labour Lea?
Song - The Deuks Dang O'er My Daddie
Song - The Deil's Awa Wi' The Exciseman
Song - The Country Lass
Song - Bessy And Her Spinnin' Wheel
Song - Fragment - Love For Love
Song - Saw Ye Bonie Lesley
Song - Fragment Of Song
Song - I'll Meet Thee On The Lea Rig
Song - My Wife's A Winsome Wee Thing
Song - Highland Mary
Song - Auld Rob Morris
The Rights Of Woman - Spoken by Miss Fontenelle
Epigram On Miss Fontenelle
Extempore On Some Commemorations Of Thomson
Song - Duncan Gray
Song - A Health To Them That's Awa
A Tippling Ballad - When Princes and Prelates


Song - Poortith Cauld And Restless Love
Epigram On Politics
Song - Braw Lads O' Galla Water
Sonnet Written On The Author's Birthday,
Song - Wandering Willie
Wandering Willie (Revised Version)
Lord Gregory: A Ballad
Song - Open The Door To Me, Oh
Song - Lovely Young Jessie
Song - Meg O' The Mill
Song - Meg O' The Mill (Another Version)
The Soldier's Return: A Ballad
Epigram - The True Loyal Natives
Epigram - On Commissary Goldie's Brains
Lines Inscribed In A Lady's Pocket Almanac
Epigram - Thanksgiving For A National Victory

Epigram - The Raptures Of Folly
Epigram - Kirk and State Excisemen
Extempore Reply To An Invitation
A Grace After Meat
Grace Before And After Meat
Impromptu On General Dumourier's Desertion From The French Republican Army
Song - The Last Time I Came O'er The Moor
Song - Logan Braes
Song - Blythe Hae I been On Yon Hill
Song - O Were My Love Yon Lilac Fair
Bonie Jean - A Ballad
Lines On John M'Murdo, ESQ.
Epitaph On A Lap-Dog
Epigrams Against The Earl Of Galloway
Epigram On The Laird Of Laggan
Song - Phillis The Fair
Song - Had I A Cave
Song.- By Allan Stream
Song - Whistle, And I'll Come To You, My Lad
Song - Phillis The Queen O' The Fair
Song - Come, Let Me Take Thee To My Breast
Song - Dainty Davie
Song - Robert Bruce's March To Bannockburn
Song - Behold The Hour, The Boat Arrive
Song - Down The Burn, Davie
Song - Thou Hast Left Me Ever, Jamie
Song - Where Are The Joys I have Met?
Song - Deluded Swain, The Pleasure
Song - Thine Am I, My Faithful Fair
Impromptu On Mrs. Riddell's Birthday
Song - My Spouse Nancy
Address Spoken by Miss Fontenelle
Complimentary Epigram On Maria Riddell


Remorseful Apology
Song - Wilt Thou Be My Dearie?
Song - A Fiddler In The North
The Minstrel At Lincluden
A Vision
Song - A Red, Red Rose
Song - Young Jamie, Pride Of A' The Plain
Song - The Flowery Banks Of Cree
Monody On a lady famed for her Caprice.
The Epitaph On the Same
Epigram Pinned To Mrs. Walter Riddell's Carriage
Epitaph For Mr. Walter Riddell
Epistle From Esopus To Maria
Epitaph On A Noted Coxcomb
Epitaph On Capt. Lascelles
Epitaph On Wm. Graham, Esq., Of Mossknowe
Epitaph On John Bushby, Esq., Tinwald Downs
Sonnet On The Death Of Robert Riddell
Song - The Lovely Lass O' Inverness
Song - Charlie, He's My Darling
Song - Bannocks O' Bear Meal
Song - The Highland Balou
The Highland Widow's Lament
Song - It Was A' For Our Rightfu' King
Ode For General Washington's Birthday
Inscription To Miss Graham Of Fintry
Song - On The Seas And Far Away
Song - Ca' The Yowes To The Knowes
Song - She Says She Loes Me Best Of A'
Epigram - On Miss Jessy Staig's recovery.
To The Beautiful Miss Eliza J-N On her Principles of Liberty and Equality.
On Chloris Requesting me to give her a Spring of Blossomed Thorn.
On Seeing Mrs. Kemble In Yarico
Epigram On A Country Laird (Cardoness)
Epigram on the Same Laird's Country Seat
Epigram on Dr. Babinton's Looks
Epigram On A Suicide
Epigram On A Swearing Coxcomb
Epigram On An Innkeeper Nicknamed (The Marquis)
Epigram On Andrew Turner
Song - Pretty Peg
Esteem For Chloris
Song - Saw Ye My Dear, My Philly
Song - How Lang And Dreary Is The Night
Song - Inconstancy In Love
The Lover's Morning Salute To His Mistress
Song - The Winter Of Life
Song - Behold, My Love, How Green The Groves
Song - The Charming Month Of May
Song - Lassie Wi' The Lint-White Locks
Dialogue song-Philly And Willy
Song - Contented Wi' Little And Cantie Wi' Mair
Song - Farewell Thou Stream
Song - Canst Thou Leave Me Thus, My Katie
Song - My Nanie's Awa
Song - The Tear-Drop - Wae is my heart
Song - For The Sake O' Somebody


Song - A Man's A Man For A' That
The Solemn League And Covenant
Lines to John Syme with a Dozen of Porter.
Inscription On Mr. Syme's Crystal Goblet
Apology To Mr. Syme For Not Dining with him
Epitaph For Mr. Gabriel Richardson
Epigram On Mr. James Gracie
Song - Bonie Peg-a-Ramsay
Inscription At Friars' Carse Hermitage
Song - Fragment - There Was A Bonie Lass
Song - Fragment - Wee Willie Gray
Song - O Aye My Wife She Dang Me
Song - Gude Ale Keeps The Heart Aboon
Song - O Steer Her Up An' Haud Her Gaun
Song - The Lass O' Ecclefechan
Song - O Let Me In Thes Ae Night
Song - I'll Aye Ca' In By Yon Town
Ballads on Mr. Heron's Election- Ballad First
Ballads on Mr. Heron's Election- Ballad Second
Ballads on Mr. Heron's Election- Ballad Third
Inscription For An Altar Of Independence
Song - The Cardin O't, The Spinnin O't
Song - The Cooper O' Cuddy
Song - The Lass That Made The Bed To Me
Song - Had I The Wyte? She Bade Me
Song - Does Haughty Gaul Invasion Threat?
Song - Address To The Woodlark
Song.- On Chloris Being Ill
Song - How Cruel Are The Parents
Song - Yonder Pomp Of Costly Fashion
Song - 'Twas Na Her Bonie Blue E'e
Song - Their Groves O'Sweet Myrtle
Song - Forlorn, My Love, No Comfort Near
Song - Fragment,-Why, Why Tell The Lover
Song - The Braw Wooer
Song - This Is No My Ain Lassie
Song - O Bonie Was Yon Rosy Brier
Song - Song Inscribed To Alexander Cunningham
Song - O That's The Lassie O' My Heart

Inscription to Chloris
Song - Fragment.-The Wren's Nest
Song - News, Lassies, News
Song - Crowdie Ever Mair
Song - Mally's Meek, Mally's Sweet
Song - Jockey's Taen The Parting Kiss
Verses To Collector Mitchell


The Dean Of Faculty
Epistle To Colonel De Peyster
Song - A Lass Wi' A Tocher
Song - The Trogger.
Complimentary Versicles To Jessie Lewars
1. The Toast
2. The Menagerie
3. Jessie's illness
4. On Her Recovery
Song - O Lay Thy Loof In Mine, Lass
Song - A Health To Ane I Loe Dear
Song - O Wert Thou In The Cauld Blast
Inscription To Miss Jessy Lewars
Song - Fairest Maid On Devon Banks

Etext of Poems And Songs Of Robert Burns
by Robert Burns


Robert Burns was born near Ayr, Scotland, 25th of January, 1759. He was
the son of William Burnes, or Burness, at the time of the poet's birth a
nurseryman on the banks of the Doon in Ayrshire. His father, though always
extremely poor, attempted to give his children a fair education, and Robert,
who was the eldest, went to school for three years in a neighboring village,
and later, for shorter periods, to three other schools in the vicinity. But it
was to his father and to his own reading that he owed the more important part
of his education; and by the time that he had reached manhood he had a good
knowledge of English, a reading knowledge of French, and a fairly wide
acquaintance with the masterpieces of English literature from the time of
Shakespeare to his own day. In 1766 William Burness rented on borrowed money
the farm of Mount Oliphant, and in taking his share in the effort to make
this undertaking succeed, the future poet seems to have seriously overstrained
his physique. In 1771 the family move to Lochlea, and Burns went to the
neighboring town of Irvine to learn flax-dressing. The only result of this
experiment, however, was the formation of an acquaintance with a dissipated
sailor, whom he afterward blamed as the prompter of his first licentious
adventures. His father died in 1784, and with his brother Gilbert the poet
rented the farm of Mossgiel; but this venture was as unsuccessful as the
others. He had meantime formed an irregular intimacy with Jean Armour, for
which he was censured by the Kirk-session. As a result of his farming
misfortunes, and the attempts of his father-in-law to overthrow his irregular
marriage with Jean, he resolved to emigrate; and in order to raise money for
the passage he published (Kilmarnock, 1786) a volume of the poems which he
had been composing from time to time for some years. This volume was
unexpectedly successful, so that, instead of sailing for the West Indies, he
went up to Edinburgh, and during that winter he was the chief literary
celebrity of the season. An enlarged edition of his poems was published there
in 1787, and the money derived from this enabled him to aid his brother in
Mossgiel, and to take and stock for himself the farm of Ellisland in
Dumfriesshire. His fame as poet had reconciled the Armours to the connection,
and having now regularly married Jean, he brought her to Ellisland, and once
more tried farming for three years. Continued ill-success, however, led him,
in 1791, to abandon Ellisland, and he moved to Dumfries, where he had obtained
a position in the Excise. But he was now thoroughly discouraged; his work was
mere drudgery; his tendency to take his relaxation in debauchery increased the
weakness of a constitution early undermined; and he died at Dumfries in his
thirty-eighth year.

[See Burns' Birthplace: The living room in the Burns birthplace cottage.]

It is not necessary here to attempt to disentangle or explain away the
numerous amours in which he was engaged through the greater part of his life.
It is evident that Burns was a man of extremely passionate nature and fond of
conviviality; and the misfortunes of his lot combined with his natural
tendencies to drive him to frequent excesses of self-indulgence. He was often
remorseful, and he strove painfully, if intermittently, after better things.
But the story of his life must be admitted to be in its externals a painful
and somewhat sordid chronicle. That it contained, however, many moments of joy
and exaltation is proved by the poems here printed.

Burns' poetry falls into two main groups: English and Scottish. His
English poems are, for the most part, inferior specimens of conventional
eighteenth-century verse. But in Scottish poetry he achieved triumphs of a
quite extraordinary kind. Since the time of the Reformation and the union of
the crowns of England and Scotland, the Scots dialect had largely fallen into
disuse as a medium for dignified writing. Shortly before Burns' time,
however, Allan Ramsay and Robert Fergusson had been the leading figures in a
revival of the vernacular, and Burns received from them a national tradition
which he succeeded in carrying to its highest pitch, becoming thereby, to an
almost unique degree, the poet of his people.

He first showed complete mastery of verse in the field of satire. In
"The Twa Herds," "Holy Willie's Prayer," "Address to the Unco Guid," "The
Holy Fair," and others, he manifested sympathy with the protest of the
so-called "New Light" party, which had sprung up in opposition to the extreme
Calvinism and intolerance of the dominant "Auld Lichts." The fact that Burns
had personally suffered from the discipline of the Kirk probably added fire
to his attacks, but the satires show more than personal animus. The force of
the invective, the keenness of the wit, and the fervor of the imagination
which they displayed, rendered them an important force in the theological
liberation of Scotland.

The Kilmarnock volume contained, besides satire, a number of poems like
"The Twa Dogs" and "The Cotter's Saturday Night," which are vividly
descriptive of the Scots peasant life with which he was most familiar; and
a group like "Puir Mailie" and "To a Mouse," which, in the tenderness of their
treatment of animals, revealed one of the most attractive sides of Burns'
personality. Many of his poems were never printed during his lifetime, the
most remarkable of these being "The Jolly Beggars," a piece in which, by the
intensity of his imaginative sympathy and the brilliance of his technique, he
renders a picture of the lowest dregs of society in such a way as to raise it
into the realm of great poetry.

But the real national importance of Burns is due chiefly to his songs.
The Puritan austerity of the centuries following the Reformation had
discouraged secular music, like other forms of art, in Scotland; and as a
result Scottish song had become hopelessly degraded in point both of decency
and literary quality. From youth Burns had been interested in collecting the
fragments he had heard sung or found printed, and he came to regard the
rescuing of this almost lost national inheritance in the light of a vocation.
About his song-making, two points are especially noteworthy: first, that the
greater number of his lyrics sprang from actual emotional experiences; second,
that almost all were composed to old melodies. While in Edinburgh he
undertook to supply material for Johnson's "Musical Museum," and as few of the
traditional songs could appear in a respectable collection, Burns found it
necessary to make them over. Sometimes he kept a stanza or two; sometimes only
a line or chorus; sometimes merely the name of the air; the rest was his own.
His method, as he has told us himself, was to become familiar with the
traditional melody, to catch a suggestion from some fragment of the old song,
to fix upon an idea or situation for the new poem; then, humming or
whistling the tune as he went about his work, he wrought out the new verses,
going into the house to write them down when the inspiration began to flag.
In this process is to be found the explanation of much of the peculiar
quality of the songs of Burns. Scarcely any known author has succeeded so
brilliantly in combining his work with folk material, or in carrying on with
such continuity of spirit the tradition of popular song. For George Thomson's
collection of Scottish airs he performed a function similar to that which he
had had in the "Museum"; and his poetical activity during the last eight or
nine years of his life was chiefly devoted to these two publications. In spite
of the fact that he was constantly in severe financial straits, he refused to
accept any recompense for this work, preferring to regard it as a patriotic
service. And it was, indeed, a patriotic service of no small magnitude. By
birth and temperament he was singularly fitted for the task, and this fitness
is proved by the unique extent to which his productions were accepted by his
countrymen, and have passed into the life and feeling of his race.

Song - Handsome Nell^1

Tune - "I am a man unmarried."

[Footnote 1: The first of my performances. - R. B.]

Once I lov'd a bonie lass,
Ay, and I love her still;
And whilst that virtue warms my breast,
I'll love my handsome Nell.

As bonie lasses I hae seen,
And mony full as braw;
But, for a modest gracefu' mein,
The like I never saw.

A bonie lass, I will confess,
Is pleasant to the e'e;
But, without some better qualities,
She's no a lass for me.

But Nelly's looks are blythe and sweet,
And what is best of a',
Her reputation is complete,
And fair without a flaw.

She dresses aye sae clean and neat,
Both decent and genteel;
And then there's something in her gait
Gars ony dress look weel.

A gaudy dress and gentle air
May slightly touch the heart;
But it's innocence and modesty
That polishes the dart.

'Tis this in Nelly pleases me,
'Tis this enchants my soul;
For absolutely in my breast
She reigns without control.

Song - O Tibbie, I Hae Seen The Day

Tune - "Invercauld's Reel, or Strathspey."

Choir. - O Tibbie, I hae seen the day,
Ye wadna been sae shy;
For laik o' gear ye lightly me,
But, trowth, I care na by.

Yestreen I met you on the moor,
Ye spak na, but gaed by like stour;
Ye geck at me because I'm poor,
But fient a hair care I.
O Tibbie, I hae seen the day, &c.

When coming hame on Sunday last,
Upon the road as I cam past,
Ye snufft and ga'e your head a cast-
But trowth I care't na by.
O Tibbie, I hae seen the day, &c.

I doubt na, lass, but ye may think,
Because ye hae the name o' clink,
That ye can please me at a wink,
Whene'er ye like to try.
O Tibbie, I hae seen the day, &c.

But sorrow tak' him that's sae mean,
Altho' his pouch o' coin were clean,
Wha follows ony saucy quean,
That looks sae proud and high.
O Tibbie, I hae seen the day, &c.

Altho' a lad were e'er sae smart,
If that he want the yellow dirt,
Ye'll cast your head anither airt,
And answer him fu' dry.
O Tibbie, I hae seen the day, &c.

But, if he hae the name o' gear,
Ye'll fasten to him like a brier,
Tho' hardly he, for sense or lear,
Be better than the kye.
O Tibbie, I hae seen the day, &c.

But, Tibbie, lass, tak' my advice:
Your daddie's gear maks you sae nice;
The deil a ane wad speir your price,
Were ye as poor as I.
O Tibbie, I hae seen the day, &c.

There lives a lass beside yon park,
I'd rather hae her in her sark,
Than you wi' a' your thousand mark;
That gars you look sae high.
O Tibbie, I hae seen the day, &c.

Song - I Dream'd I Lay

I dream'd I lay where flowers were springing
Gaily in the sunny beam;
List'ning to the wild birds singing,
By a falling crystal stream:
Straight the sky grew black and daring;
Thro' the woods the whirlwinds rave;
Tress with aged arms were warring,
O'er the swelling drumlie wave.

Such was my life's deceitful morning,
Such the pleasures I enjoyed:
But lang or noon, loud tempests storming
A' my flowery bliss destroy'd.
Tho' fickle fortune has deceiv'd me-
She promis'd fair, and perform'd but ill,
Of mony a joy and hope bereav'd me-
I bear a heart shall support me still.

Song - In The Character Of A Ruined Farmer

Tune - "Go from my window, Love, do."

The sun he is sunk in the west,
All creatures retired to rest,
While here I sit, all sore beset,
With sorrow, grief, and woe:
And it's O, fickle Fortune, O!

The prosperous man is asleep,
Nor hears how the whirlwinds sweep;
But Misery and I must watch
The surly tempest blow:
And it's O, fickle Fortune, O!

There lies the dear partner of my breast;
Her cares for a moment at rest:
Must I see thee, my youthful pride,
Thus brought so very low!
And it's O, fickle Fortune, O!

There lie my sweet babies in her arms;
No anxious fear their little hearts alarms;
But for their sake my heart does ache,
With many a bitter throe:
And it's O, fickle Fortune, O!

I once was by Fortune carest:
I once could relieve the distrest:
Now life's poor support, hardly earn'd
My fate will scarce bestow:
And it's O, fickle Fortune, O!

No comfort, no comfort I have!
How welcome to me were the grave!
But then my wife and children dear-
O, wither would they go!
And it's O, fickle Fortune, O!

O whither, O whither shall I turn!
All friendless, forsaken, forlorn!
For, in this world, Rest or Peace
I never more shall know!
And it's O, fickle Fortune, O!

Tragic Fragment

All devil as I am-a damned wretch,
A hardened, stubborn, unrepenting villain,
Still my heart melts at human wretchedness;
And with sincere but unavailing sighs
I view the helpless children of distress:
With tears indignant I behold the oppressor
Rejoicing in the honest man's destruction,
Whose unsubmitting heart was all his crime. -
Ev'n you, ye hapless crew! I pity you;
Ye, whom the seeming good think sin to pity;
Ye poor, despised, abandoned vagabonds,
Whom Vice, as usual, has turn'd o'er to ruin.
Oh! but for friends and interposing Heaven,
I had been driven forth like you forlorn,
The most detested, worthless wretch among you!
O injured God! Thy goodness has endow'd me
With talents passing most of my compeers,
Which I in just proportion have abused-
As far surpassing other common villains
As Thou in natural parts has given me more.

Tarbolton Lasses, The

If ye gae up to yon hill-tap,
Ye'll there see bonie Peggy;
She kens her father is a laird,
And she forsooth's a leddy.

There Sophy tight, a lassie bright,
Besides a handsome fortune:
Wha canna win her in a night,
Has little art in courtin'.

Gae down by Faile, and taste the ale,
And tak a look o' Mysie;
She's dour and din, a deil within,
But aiblins she may please ye.

If she be shy, her sister try,
Ye'll maybe fancy Jenny;
If ye'll dispense wi' want o' sense-
She kens hersel she's bonie.

As ye gae up by yon hillside,
Speir in for bonie Bessy;
She'll gie ye a beck, and bid ye light,
And handsomely address ye.

There's few sae bonie, nane sae guid,
In a' King George' dominion;
If ye should doubt the truth o' this-
It's Bessy's ain opinion!

Ah, Woe Is Me, My Mother Dear

Paraphrase of Jeremiah, 15th Chap., 10th verse.

Ah, woe is me, my mother dear!
A man of strife ye've born me:
For sair contention I maun bear;
They hate, revile, and scorn me.

I ne'er could lend on bill or band,
That five per cent. might blest me;
And borrowing, on the tither hand,
The deil a ane wad trust me.

Yet I, a coin-denied wight,
By Fortune quite discarded;
Ye see how I am, day and night,
By lad and lass blackguarded!

Montgomerie's Peggy

Tune - "Galla Water."

Altho' my bed were in yon muir,
Amang the heather, in my plaidie;
Yet happy, happy would I be,
Had I my dear Montgomerie's Peggy.

When o'er the hill beat surly storms,
And winter nights were dark and rainy;
I'd seek some dell, and in my arms
I'd shelter dear Montgomerie's Peggy.

Were I a baron proud and high,
And horse and servants waiting ready;
Then a' 'twad gie o' joy to me, -
The sharin't with Montgomerie's Peggy.

Ploughman's Life, The

As I was a-wand'ring ae morning in spring,
I heard a young ploughman sae sweetly to sing;
And as he was singin', thir words he did say, -
There's nae life like the ploughman's in the month o' sweet May.

The lav'rock in the morning she'll rise frae her nest,
And mount i' the air wi' the dew on her breast,
And wi' the merry ploughman she'll whistle and sing,
And at night she'll return to her nest back again.

Ronalds Of The Bennals, The

In Tarbolton, ye ken, there are proper young men,
And proper young lasses and a', man;
But ken ye the Ronalds that live in the Bennals,
They carry the gree frae them a', man.

Their father's laird, and weel he can spare't,
Braid money to tocher them a', man;
To proper young men, he'll clink in the hand
Gowd guineas a hunder or twa, man.

There's ane they ca' Jean, I'll warrant ye've seen
As bonie a lass or as braw, man;
But for sense and guid taste she'll vie wi' the best,
And a conduct that beautifies a', man.

The charms o' the min', the langer they shine,
The mair admiration they draw, man;
While peaches and cherries, and roses and lilies,
They fade and they wither awa, man,

If ye be for Miss Jean, tak this frae a frien',
A hint o' a rival or twa, man;
The Laird o' Blackbyre wad gang through the fire,
If that wad entice her awa, man.

The Laird o' Braehead has been on his speed,
For mair than a towmond or twa, man;
The Laird o' the Ford will straught on a board,
If he canna get her at a', man.

Then Anna comes in, the pride o' her kin,
The boast of our bachelors a', man:
Sae sonsy and sweet, sae fully complete,
She steals our affections awa, man.

If I should detail the pick and the wale
O' lasses that live here awa, man,
The fau't wad be mine if they didna shine
The sweetest and best o' them a', man.

I lo'e her mysel, but darena weel tell,
My poverty keeps me in awe, man;
For making o' rhymes, and working at times,
Does little or naething at a', man.

Yet I wadna choose to let her refuse,
Nor hae't in her power to say na, man:
For though I be poor, unnoticed, obscure,
My stomach's as proud as them a', man.

Though I canna ride in weel-booted pride,
And flee o'er the hills like a craw, man,
I can haud up my head wi' the best o' the breed,
Though fluttering ever so braw, man.

My coat and my vest, they are Scotch o' the best,
O'pairs o' guid breeks I hae twa, man;
And stockings and pumps to put on my stumps,
And ne'er a wrang steek in them a', man.

My sarks they are few, but five o' them new,
Twal' hundred, as white as the snaw, man,
A ten-shillings hat, a Holland cravat;
There are no mony poets sae braw, man.

I never had frien's weel stockit in means,
To leave me a hundred or twa, man;
Nae weel-tocher'd aunts, to wait on their drants,
And wish them in hell for it a', man.

I never was cannie for hoarding o' money,
Or claughtin't together at a', man;
I've little to spend, and naething to lend,
But deevil a shilling I awe, man.

Song - Here's To Thy Health

Tune - "Laggan Burn."

Here's to thy health, my bonie lass,
Gude nicht and joy be wi' thee;
I'll come nae mair to thy bower-door,
To tell thee that I lo'e thee.
O dinna think, my pretty pink,
But I can live without thee:
I vow and swear I dinna care,
How lang ye look about ye.

Thou'rt aye sae free informing me,
Thou hast nae mind to marry;
I'll be as free informing thee,
Nae time hae I to tarry:
I ken thy frien's try ilka means
Frae wedlock to delay thee;
Depending on some higher chance,
But fortune may betray thee.

I ken they scorn my low estate,
But that does never grieve me;
For I'm as free as any he;
Sma' siller will relieve me.
I'll count my health my greatest wealth,
Sae lang as I'll enjoy it;
I'll fear nae scant, I'll bode nae want,
As lang's I get employment.

But far off fowls hae feathers fair,
And, aye until ye try them,
Tho' they seem fair, still have a care;
They may prove waur than I am.
But at twal' at night, when the moon shines bright,
My dear, I'll come and see thee;
For the man that loves his mistress weel,
Nae travel makes him weary.

Lass Of Cessnock Banks, The^1

[Footnote 1: The lass is identified as Ellison Begbie, a servant wench,
daughter of a "Farmer Lang".]

A Song of Similes

Tune - "If he be a Butcher neat and trim."

On Cessnock banks a lassie dwells;
Could I describe her shape and mein;
Our lasses a' she far excels,
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

She's sweeter than the morning dawn,
When rising Phoebus first is seen,
And dew-drops twinkle o'er the lawn;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

She's stately like yon youthful ash,
That grows the cowslip braes between,
And drinks the stream with vigour fresh;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

She's spotless like the flow'ring thorn,
With flow'rs so white and leaves so green,
When purest in the dewy morn;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her looks are like the vernal May,
When ev'ning Phoebus shines serene,
While birds rejoice on every spray;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her hair is like the curling mist,
That climbs the mountain-sides at e'en,
When flow'r-reviving rains are past;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her forehead's like the show'ry bow,
When gleaming sunbeams intervene
And gild the distant mountain's brow;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her cheeks are like yon crimson gem,
The pride of all the flowery scene,
Just opening on its thorny stem;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her bosom's like the nightly snow,
When pale the morning rises keen,
While hid the murm'ring streamlets flow;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her lips are like yon cherries ripe,
That sunny walls from Boreas screen;
They tempt the taste and charm the sight;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her teeth are like a flock of sheep,
With fleeces newly washen clean,
That slowly mount the rising steep;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her breath is like the fragrant breeze,
That gently stirs the blossom'd bean,
When Phoebus sinks behind the seas;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

Her voice is like the ev'ning thrush,
That sings on Cessnock banks unseen,
While his mate sits nestling in the bush;
An' she has twa sparkling roguish een.

But it's not her air, her form, her face,
Tho' matching beauty's fabled queen;
'Tis the mind that shines in ev'ry grace,
An' chiefly in her roguish een.

Song - Bonie Peggy Alison

Tune - "The Braes o' Balquhidder."

Chor. - And I'll kiss thee yet, yet,
And I'll kiss thee o'er again:
And I'll kiss thee yet, yet,
My bonie Peggy Alison.

Ilk care and fear, when thou art near
I evermair defy them, O!
Young kings upon their hansel throne
Are no sae blest as I am, O!
And I'll kiss thee yet, yet, &c.

When in my arms, wi' a' thy charms,
I clasp my countless treasure, O!
I seek nae mair o' Heaven to share
Than sic a moment's pleasure, O!
And I'll kiss thee yet, yet, &c.

And by thy een sae bonie blue,
I swear I'm thine for ever, O!
And on thy lips I seal my vow,
And break it shall I never, O!
And I'll kiss thee yet, yet, &c.

Song - Mary Morison

Tune - "Bide ye yet."

O Mary, at thy window be,
It is the wish'd, the trysted hour!
Those smiles and glances let me see,
That make the miser's treasure poor:
How blythely was I bide the stour,
A weary slave frae sun to sun,
Could I the rich reward secure,
The lovely Mary Morison.

Yestreen, when to the trembling string
The dance gaed thro' the lighted ha',
To thee my fancy took its wing,
I sat, but neither heard nor saw:
Tho' this was fair, and that was braw,
And yon the toast of a' the town,
I sigh'd, and said among them a',
"Ye are na Mary Morison."

Oh, Mary, canst thou wreck his peace,
Wha for thy sake wad gladly die?
Or canst thou break that heart of his,
Whase only faut is loving thee?
If love for love thou wilt na gie,
At least be pity to me shown;
A thought ungentle canna be
The thought o' Mary Morison.

Winter: A Dirge

The wintry west extends his blast,
And hail and rain does blaw;
Or the stormy north sends driving forth
The blinding sleet and snaw:
While, tumbling brown, the burn comes down,
And roars frae bank to brae;
And bird and beast in covert rest,
And pass the heartless day.

"The sweeping blast, the sky o'ercast,"
The joyless winter day
Let others fear, to me more dear
Than all the pride of May:
The tempest's howl, it soothes my soul,
My griefs it seems to join;
The leafless trees my fancy please,
Their fate resembles mine!

Thou Power Supreme, whose mighty scheme
These woes of mine fulfil,
Here firm I rest; they must be best,
Because they are Thy will!
Then all I want-O do Thou grant
This one request of mine!-
Since to enjoy Thou dost deny,
Assist me to resign.

Prayer, Under The Pressure Of Violent Anguish

O Thou Great Being! what Thou art,
Surpasses me to know;
Yet sure I am, that known to Thee
Are all Thy works below.

Thy creature here before Thee stands,
All wretched and distrest;
Yet sure those ills that wring my soul
Obey Thy high behest.

Sure, Thou, Almighty, canst not act
From cruelty or wrath!
O, free my weary eyes from tears,
Or close them fast in death!

But, if I must afflicted be,
To suit some wise design,
Then man my soul with firm resolves,
To bear and not repine!

Paraphrase Of The First Psalm

The man, in life wherever plac'd,
Hath happiness in store,
Who walks not in the wicked's way,
Nor learns their guilty lore!

Nor from the seat of scornful pride
Casts forth his eyes abroad,
But with humility and awe
Still walks before his God.

That man shall flourish like the trees,
Which by the streamlets grow;
The fruitful top is spread on high,
And firm the root below.

But he whose blossom buds in guilt
Shall to the ground be cast,
And, like the rootless stubble, tost
Before the sweeping blast.

For why? that God the good adore,
Hath giv'n them peace and rest,
But hath decreed that wicked men
Shall ne'er be truly blest.

First Six Verses Of The Ninetieth Psalm Versified, The

O Thou, the first, the greatest friend
Of all the human race!
Whose strong right hand has ever been
Their stay and dwelling place!

Before the mountains heav'd their heads
Beneath Thy forming hand,
Before this ponderous globe itself
Arose at Thy command;

That Pow'r which rais'd and still upholds
This universal frame,
From countless, unbeginning time
Was ever still the same.

Those mighty periods of years
Which seem to us so vast,
Appear no more before Thy sight
Than yesterday that's past.

Thou giv'st the word: Thy creature, man,
Is to existence brought;
Again Thou say'st, "Ye sons of men,
Return ye into nought!"

Thou layest them, with all their cares,
In everlasting sleep;
As with a flood Thou tak'st them off
With overwhelming sweep.

They flourish like the morning flow'r,
In beauty's pride array'd;
But long ere night cut down it lies
All wither'd and decay'd.

Prayer, In The Prospect Of Death

O Thou unknown, Almighty Cause
Of all my hope and fear!
In whose dread presence, ere an hour,
Perhaps I must appear!

If I have wander'd in those paths
Of life I ought to shun,
As something, loudly, in my breast,
Remonstrates I have done;

Thou know'st that Thou hast formed me
With passions wild and strong;
And list'ning to their witching voice
Has often led me wrong.

Where human weakness has come short,
Or frailty stept aside,
Do Thou, All-Good-for such Thou art-
In shades of darkness hide.

Where with intention I have err'd,
No other plea I have,
But, Thou art good; and Goodness still
Delighteth to forgive.

Stanzas, On The Same Occasion

Why am I loth to leave this earthly scene?
Have I so found it full of pleasing charms?
Some drops of joy with draughts of ill between-
Some gleams of sunshine 'mid renewing storms,
Is it departing pangs my soul alarms?
Or death's unlovely, dreary, dark abode?
For guilt, for guilt, my terrors are in arms:
I tremble to approach an angry God,
And justly smart beneath His sin-avenging rod.

Fain would I say, "Forgive my foul offence,"
Fain promise never more to disobey;
But, should my Author health again dispense,
Again I might desert fair virtue's way;
Again in folly's part might go astray;
Again exalt the brute and sink the man;
Then how should I for heavenly mercy pray
Who act so counter heavenly mercy's plan?
Who sin so oft have mourn'd, yet to temptation ran?

O Thou, great Governor of all below!
If I may dare a lifted eye to Thee,
Thy nod can make the tempest cease to blow,
Or still the tumult of the raging sea:
With that controlling pow'r assist ev'n me,
Those headlong furious passions to confine,
For all unfit I feel my pow'rs to be,
To rule their torrent in th' allowed line;
O, aid me with Thy help, Omnipotence Divine!

Fickle Fortune: A Fragment

Though fickle Fortune has deceived me,
She pormis'd fair and perform'd but ill;
Of mistress, friends, and wealth bereav'd me,
Yet I bear a heart shall support me still.

I'll act with prudence as far 's I'm able,
But if success I must never find,
Then come misfortune, I bid thee welcome,
I'll meet thee with an undaunted mind.

Raging Fortune - Fragment Of Song

O raging Fortune's withering blast
Has laid my leaf full low, O!
O raging Fortune's withering blast
Has laid my leaf full low, O!

My stem was fair, my bud was green,
My blossom sweet did blow, O!
The dew fell fresh, the sun rose mild,
And made my branches grow, O!

But luckless Fortune's northern storms
Laid a' my blossoms low, O!
But luckless Fortune's northern storms
Laid a' my blossoms low, O!

Impromptu - "I'll Go And Be A Sodger"

O why the deuce should I repine,
And be an ill foreboder?
I'm twenty-three, and five feet nine,
I'll go and be a sodger!

I gat some gear wi' mickle care,
I held it weel thegither;
But now it's gane, and something mair-
I'll go and be a sodger!

Song - "No Churchman Am I"

Tune - "Prepare, my dear Brethren, to the tavern let's fly."

No churchman am I for to rail and to write,
No statesman nor soldier to plot or to fight,
No sly man of business contriving a snare,
For a big-belly'd bottle's the whole of my care.

The peer I don't envy, I give him his bow;
I scorn not the peasant, though ever so low;
But a club of good fellows, like those that are here,
And a bottle like this, are my glory and care.

Here passes the squire on his brother-his horse;
There centum per centum, the cit with his purse;
But see you the Crown how it waves in the air?
There a big-belly'd bottle still eases my care.

The wife of my bosom, alas! she did die;
for sweet consolation to church I did fly;
I found that old Solomon proved it fair,
That a big-belly'd bottle's a cure for all care.

I once was persuaded a venture to make;
A letter inform'd me that all was to wreck;
But the pursy old landlord just waddl'd upstairs,
With a glorious bottle that ended my cares.

"Life's cares they are comforts"-a maxim laid down
By the Bard, what d'ye call him, that wore the black gown;
And faith I agree with th' old prig to a hair,
For a big-belly'd bottle's a heav'n of a care.

A Stanza Added In A Mason Lodge

Then fill up a bumper and make it o'erflow,
And honours masonic prepare for to throw;
May ev'ry true Brother of the Compass and Square
Have a big-belly'd bottle when harass'd with care.

My Father Was A Farmer

Tune - "The weaver and his shuttle, O."

My father was a farmer upon the Carrick border, O,
And carefully he bred me in decency and order, O;
He bade me act a manly part, though I had ne'er a farthing, O;
For without an honest manly heart, no man was worth regarding, O.

Then out into the world my course I did determine, O;
Tho' to be rich was not my wish, yet to be great was charming, O;
My talents they were not the worst, nor yet my education, O:
Resolv'd was I at least to try to mend my situation, O.

In many a way, and vain essay, I courted Fortune's favour, O;
Some cause unseen still stept between, to frustrate each endeavour, O;
Sometimes by foes I was o'erpower'd, sometimes by friends forsaken, O;
And when my hope was at the top, I still was worst mistaken, O.

Then sore harass'd and tir'd at last, with Fortune's vain delusion, O,
I dropt my schemes, like idle dreams, and came to this conclusion, O;
The past was bad, and the future hid, its good or ill untried, O;
But the present hour was in my pow'r, and so I would enjoy it, O.

No help, nor hope, nor view had I, nor person to befriend me, O;
So I must toil, and sweat, and moil, and labour to sustain me, O;
To plough and sow, to reap and mow, my father bred me early, O;
For one, he said, to labour bred, was a match for Fortune fairly, O.

Thus all obscure, unknown, and poor, thro' life I'm doom'd to wander, O,
Till down my weary bones I lay in everlasting slumber, O:
No view nor care, but shun whate'er might breed me pain or sorrow, O;
I live to-day as well's I may, regardless of to-morrow, O.

But cheerful still, I am as well as a monarch in his palace, O,
Tho' Fortune's frown still hunts me down, with all her wonted malice, O:
I make indeed my daily bread, but ne'er can make it farther, O:
But as daily bread is all I need, I do not much regard her, O.

When sometimes by my labour, I earn a little money, O,
Some unforeseen misfortune comes gen'rally upon me, O;
Mischance, mistake, or by neglect, or my goodnatur'd folly, O:
But come what will, I've sworn it still, I'll ne'er be melancholy, O.

All you who follow wealth and power with unremitting ardour, O,
The more in this you look for bliss, you leave your view the farther, O:
Had you the wealth Potosi boasts, or nations to adore you, O,
A cheerful honest-hearted clown I will prefer before you, O.

John Barleycorn: A Ballad

There was three kings into the east,
Three kings both great and high,
And they hae sworn a solemn oath
John Barleycorn should die.

They took a plough and plough'd him down,
Put clods upon his head,
And they hae sworn a solemn oath
John Barleycorn was dead.

But the cheerful Spring came kindly on,
And show'rs began to fall;
John Barleycorn got up again,
And sore surpris'd them all.

The sultry suns of Summer came,
And he grew thick and strong;
His head weel arm'd wi' pointed spears,
That no one should him wrong.

The sober Autumn enter'd mild,
When he grew wan and pale;
His bending joints and drooping head
Show'd he began to fail.

His colour sicken'd more and more,
He faded into age;
And then his enemies began
To show their deadly rage.

They've taen a weapon, long and sharp,
And cut him by the knee;
Then tied him fast upon a cart,
Like a rogue for forgerie.

They laid him down upon his back,
And cudgell'd him full sore;
They hung him up before the storm,
And turned him o'er and o'er.

They filled up a darksome pit
With water to the brim;
They heaved in John Barleycorn,
There let him sink or swim.

They laid him out upon the floor,
To work him farther woe;
And still, as signs of life appear'd,
They toss'd him to and fro.

They wasted, o'er a scorching flame,
The marrow of his bones;
But a miller us'd him worst of all,
For he crush'd him between two stones.

And they hae taen his very heart's blood,
And drank it round and round;
And still the more and more they drank,
Their joy did more abound.

John Barleycorn was a hero bold,
Of noble enterprise;
For if you do but taste his blood,
'Twill make your courage rise.

'Twill make a man forget his woe;
'Twill heighten all his joy;
'Twill make the widow's heart to sing,
Tho' the tear were in her eye.

Then let us toast John Barleycorn,
Each man a glass in hand;
And may his great posterity
Ne'er fail in old Scotland!

Death And Dying Words Of Poor Mailie,
The Author's Only Pet Yowe., The

An Unco Mournfu' Tale

As Mailie, an' her lambs thegither,
Was ae day nibbling on the tether,
Upon her cloot she coost a hitch,
An' owre she warsl'd in the ditch:
There, groaning, dying, she did lie,
When Hughoc he cam doytin by.

Wi' glowrin een, and lifted han's
Poor Hughoc like a statue stan's;
He saw her days were near-hand ended,
But, wae's my heart! he could na mend it!
He gaped wide, but naething spak,
At langth poor Mailie silence brak.

"O thou, whase lamentable face
Appears to mourn my woefu' case!
My dying words attentive hear,
An' bear them to my Master dear.

"Tell him, if e'er again he keep
As muckle gear as buy a sheep-
O, bid him never tie them mair,
Wi' wicked strings o' hemp or hair!
But ca' them out to park or hill,
An' let them wander at their will:
So may his flock increase, an' grow
To scores o' lambs, an' packs o' woo'!

"Tell him, he was a Master kin',
An' aye was guid to me an' mine;
An' now my dying charge I gie him,
My helpless lambs, I trust them wi' him.

"O, bid him save their harmless lives,
Frae dogs, an' tods, an' butcher's knives!
But gie them guid cow-milk their fill,
Till they be fit to fend themsel';
An' tent them duly, e'en an' morn,
Wi' taets o' hay an' ripps o' corn.

"An' may they never learn the gaets,
Of ither vile, wanrestfu' pets-
To slink thro' slaps, an' reave an' steal
At stacks o' pease, or stocks o' kail!
So may they, like their great forbears,
For mony a year come thro the shears:
So wives will gie them bits o' bread,
An' bairns greet for them when they're dead.

"My poor toop-lamb, my son an' heir,
O, bid him breed him up wi' care!
An' if he live to be a beast,
To pit some havins in his breast!

"An' warn him-what I winna name-
To stay content wi' yowes at hame;
An' no to rin an' wear his cloots,
Like ither menseless, graceless brutes.

"An' neist, my yowie, silly thing,
Gude keep thee frae a tether string!
O, may thou ne'er forgather up,
Wi' ony blastit, moorland toop;
But aye keep mind to moop an' mell,
Wi' sheep o' credit like thysel'!

"And now, my bairns, wi' my last breath,
I lea'e my blessin wi' you baith:
An' when you think upo' your mither,
Mind to be kind to ane anither.

"Now, honest Hughoc, dinna fail,
To tell my master a' my tale;
An' bid him burn this cursed tether,
An' for thy pains thou'se get my blather."

This said, poor Mailie turn'd her head,
And clos'd her een amang the dead!

Poor Mailie's Elegy

Lament in rhyme, lament in prose,
Wi' saut tears trickling down your nose;
Our bardie's fate is at a close,
Past a' remead!
The last, sad cape-stane o' his woes;
Poor Mailie's dead!

It's no the loss o' warl's gear,
That could sae bitter draw the tear,
Or mak our bardie, dowie, wear
The mourning weed:
He's lost a friend an' neebor dear
In Mailie dead.

Thro' a' the town she trotted by him;
A lang half-mile she could descry him;
Wi' kindly bleat, when she did spy him,
She ran wi' speed:
A friend mair faithfu' ne'er cam nigh him,
Than Mailie dead.

I wat she was a sheep o' sense,
An' could behave hersel' wi' mense:
I'll say't, she never brak a fence,
Thro' thievish greed.
Our bardie, lanely, keeps the spence
Sin' Mailie's dead.

Or, if he wanders up the howe,
Her living image in her yowe
Comes bleating till him, owre the knowe,
For bits o' bread;
An' down the briny pearls rowe
For Mailie dead.

She was nae get o' moorland tips,
Wi' tauted ket, an' hairy hips;
For her forbears were brought in ships,
Frae 'yont the Tweed.
A bonier fleesh ne'er cross'd the clips
Than Mailie's dead.

Wae worth the man wha first did shape
That vile, wanchancie thing-a raip!
It maks guid fellows girn an' gape,
Wi' chokin dread;
An' Robin's bonnet wave wi' crape
For Mailie dead.

O, a' ye bards on bonie Doon!
An' wha on Ayr your chanters tune!
Come, join the melancholious croon
O' Robin's reed!
His heart will never get aboon-
His Mailie's dead!

Song - The Rigs O' Barley

Tune - "Corn Rigs are bonie."

It was upon a Lammas night,
When corn rigs are bonie,
Beneath the moon's unclouded light,
I held awa to Annie;
The time flew by, wi' tentless heed,
Till, 'tween the late and early,
Wi' sma' persuasion she agreed
To see me thro' the barley.

Corn rigs, an' barley rigs,
An' corn rigs are bonie:
I'll ne'er forget that happy night,
Amang the rigs wi' Annie.

The sky was blue, the wind was still,
The moon was shining clearly;
I set her down, wi' right good will,
Amang the rigs o' barley:
I ken't her heart was a' my ain;
I lov'd her most sincerely;

I kiss'd her owre and owre again,
Amang the rigs o' barley.
Corn rigs, an' barley rigs, &c.

I lock'd her in my fond embrace;
Her heart was beating rarely:
My blessings on that happy place,
Amang the rigs o' barley!
But by the moon and stars so bright,
That shone that hour so clearly!
She aye shall bless that happy night
Amang the rigs o' barley.
Corn rigs, an' barley rigs, &c.

I hae been blythe wi' comrades dear;
I hae been merry drinking;
I hae been joyfu' gath'rin gear;
I hae been happy thinking:
But a' the pleasures e'er I saw,
Tho' three times doubl'd fairly,
That happy night was worth them a',
Amang the rigs o' barley.
Corn rigs, an' barley rigs, &c.

Song Composed In August

Tune - "I had a horse, I had nae mair."

Now westlin winds and slaught'ring guns
Bring Autumn's pleasant weather;
The moorcock springs on whirring wings
Amang the blooming heather:
Now waving grain, wide o'er the plain,
Delights the weary farmer;
And the moon shines bright, when I rove at night,
To muse upon my charmer.

The partridge loves the fruitful fells,
The plover loves the mountains;
The woodcock haunts the lonely dells,
The soaring hern the fountains:
Thro' lofty groves the cushat roves,
The path of man to shun it;
The hazel bush o'erhangs the thrush,
The spreading thorn the linnet.

Thus ev'ry kind their pleasure find,
The savage and the tender;
Some social join, and leagues combine,
Some solitary wander:
Avaunt, away! the cruel sway,
Tyrannic man's dominion;
The sportsman's joy, the murd'ring cry,
The flutt'ring, gory pinion!

But, Peggy dear, the ev'ning's clear,
Thick flies the skimming swallow,
The sky is blue, the fields in view,
All fading-green and yellow:
Come let us stray our gladsome way,
And view the charms of Nature;
The rustling corn, the fruited thorn,
And ev'ry happy creature.

We'll gently walk, and sweetly talk,
Till the silent moon shine clearly;
I'll grasp thy waist, and, fondly prest,
Swear how I love thee dearly:
Not vernal show'rs to budding flow'rs,
Not Autumn to the farmer,
So dear can be as thou to me,
My fair, my lovely charmer!


Tune - "My Nanie, O."

Behind yon hills where Lugar flows,
'Mang moors an' mosses many, O,
The wintry sun the day has clos'd,
And I'll awa to Nanie, O.

The westlin wind blaws loud an' shill;
The night's baith mirk and rainy, O;
But I'll get my plaid an' out I'll steal,
An' owre the hill to Nanie, O.

My Nanie's charming, sweet, an' young;
Nae artfu' wiles to win ye, O:
May ill befa' the flattering tongue
That wad beguile my Nanie, O.

Her face is fair, her heart is true;
As spotless as she's bonie, O:
The op'ning gowan, wat wi' dew,
Nae purer is than Nanie, O.

A country lad is my degree,
An' few there be that ken me, O;
But what care I how few they be,
I'm welcome aye to Nanie, O.

My riches a's my penny-fee,
An' I maun guide it cannie, O;
But warl's gear ne'er troubles me,
My thoughts are a' my Nanie, O.

Our auld guidman delights to view
His sheep an' kye thrive bonie, O;
But I'm as blythe that hands his pleugh,
An' has nae care but Nanie, O.

Come weel, come woe, I care na by;
I'll tak what Heav'n will sen' me, O:
Nae ither care in life have I,
But live, an' love my Nanie, O.

Song-Green Grow The Rashes

A Fragment

Chor. - Green grow the rashes, O;
Green grow the rashes, O;
The sweetest hours that e'er I spend,
Are spent amang the lasses, O.

There's nought but care on ev'ry han',
In ev'ry hour that passes, O:
What signifies the life o' man,
An' 'twere na for the lasses, O.
Green grow, &c.

The war'ly race may riches chase,
An' riches still may fly them, O;
An' tho' at last they catch them fast,
Their hearts can ne'er enjoy them, O.
Green grow, &c.

But gie me a cannie hour at e'en,
My arms about my dearie, O;
An' war'ly cares, an' war'ly men,
May a' gae tapsalteerie, O!
Green grow, &c.

For you sae douce, ye sneer at this;
Ye're nought but senseless asses, O:
The wisest man the warl' e'er saw,
He dearly lov'd the lasses, O.
Green grow, &c.

Auld Nature swears, the lovely dears
Her noblest work she classes, O:
Her prentice han' she try'd on man,
An' then she made the lasses, O.
Green grow, &c.

Song - Wha Is That At My Bower-Door

Tune - "Lass, an I come near thee."

"Wha is that at my bower-door?"
"O wha is it but Findlay!"
"Then gae your gate, ye'se nae be here:"
"Indeed maun I," quo' Findlay;
"What mak' ye, sae like a thief?"
"O come and see," quo' Findlay;
"Before the morn ye'll work mischief:"
"Indeed will I," quo' Findlay.

"Gif I rise and let you in"-
"Let me in," quo' Findlay;
"Ye'll keep me waukin wi' your din;"
"Indeed will I," quo' Findlay;
"In my bower if ye should stay"-
"Let me stay," quo' Findlay;

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