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One Thousand Questions in California Agriculture Answered by E.J. Wickson

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poison the gophers, and the hogs get hold of the poison will it kill
them?

You will find that hogs are liable to poison like any other animal, and
the safest way to poison the gophers, while the hogs are running in the
field is to bury the poisoned carrots very deeply in the gopher hole and
then put a row of sticks or branches over the mouth of the hole so that
the hogs cannot root around and get at the poisoned carrots.

How to Make Bordeaux.

Use copper sulphate (bluestone) 5 pounds; quick-lime (good stone lime),
6 pounds; water, 50 gallons. Put the bluestone in a sack and hang it so
it will be suspended just under the surface of a barrel of water over
night, or dissolve in hot water. Use one gallon of water to one pound of
bluestone. Slake the lime in a separate barrel, using just enough water
to make a smooth, clean, thin whitewash. Stir this vigorously. Use
wooden vessels only. Fill the spray tank half full of water, add one
gallon of bluestone solution for each pound required, then strain in the
lime and the remainder of the water and stir thoroughly. The formula may
be varied according to conditions, using from 3 to 8 pounds of bluestone
to 50 gallons of water and an equal or slight excess of lime. Use the
stronger mixture in rainy weather. Keep the mixture constantly agitated
while applying.

Formula for Lime-Sulphur.

To make lime-sulphur take quick-lime, 20 pounds; ground sulphur, 15
pounds and water 30 gallons. Slake the lime with hot water in a large
kettle, add the sulphur and stir well together. After the violent
slaking subsides add more water and boil the mixture over a fire for at
least one hour. After boiling sufficiently strain into the spray tank
and dilute with water to the proper strength. If a steam boiler is
available, this mixture may be prepared more easily on a large scale by
cooking in barrels into which steam pipes are introduced. This mixture
cannot be applied safely except during the winter when the trees are
dormant. A large proportion of the lime-sulphur used in the State is
purchased already prepared in more concentrated form.

Index

Fruit Growing.

Almond
Grafting on Peach
Pruning
Budding and Grafting
Planting
Pollination
Roots for
Longevity of
Seedlings
Do Not Plant in Place
Stick-Tights
And Peach
Apples
Shy-Bearing
Not on Quince
Stock For
And Alfalfa
Top Grafting
Mildew on Seedlings
Pruning
Will They Be Same Kind
Places for
Grafting in Place
Resistant Roots
For Hot Place
Die-Back of
Storage of
Root-Grafts
Apricots
Pruning
Shy-Bearing
Propagation
Renewing Old
Summer Pruning
Bananas
In California
Berries
Pruning Himalayas
Hardiness of Hybrids
With Perfect Flowers
Pruning Loganberries
Strawberry Planting
Blackberries for Drying
Planting Bush Fruits
Strawberry Plants
Strawberries in Succession
Gooseberries, Limitations of
Carobs
In California
Cherries
For Hot Place
Wild
Pruning
Training Grafts
Restoring Tress
Pollination
Citron
Curing
Citrus Fruit
Temperatures
Filbert Roots
Filbert Growing
Figs
Stickers
No Gopher-Proof Roots
Trays, Cleaning
Fruit Trees
Depth of Soil
What Slopes
and Overflow
Roots for
and Sunburn
Budding
Starting from Seed
Square or Triangular Planting
Planting on Clearings
Dipping Roots of
Preparing for Planting
Depth of Planting
In Wet Place
Cutting Back at Planting
Branching Young
Coal Tar and Asphaltum
Regular Bearing of
Avoiding Crotches
Crotch-Splitting
Strengthening
Covering Wounds
Covering Sunburned Bark
Gravel Streak
Transplanting Old
Dwarfing
Seedling
Filling Holes in
Deferring Bloom
Repairing Rabbit Injuries
Crops Between
Scions for Mailing
Scions from Young Trees
Whitewashing
Deciduous Planting
On Coast Sands
Over Underflow
Grapefruit
and Nuts
Grapes
Dry Farming
Cutting Frosted Canes
Dipping Seedless
Zante Currant
Vines for Arbor
Pruning Old Vines
Bleeding Vines
Scant Moisture
Sulphuring for Mildew
Sugar in Canned
Planting
Grafting
Wax
June Drop
Killing Moss on Tree
Interplanting, Wrong idea
Lemons
Citrus Budding
No Citrus Fruits on Roots
Mulberries
Pruning and Grafting
Nursery Stock in Young Orchard
Orchard
Replanting
Plowing in Young
Pigs in
Forage Under Sprayed Trees
Oranges
Water and Frost
Thinning
Wind-Blown Trees
Handling Balled Trees
Navel Not Thornless
Over-Size
Budding or Grafting in Orchard
Under-Pruning Trees
Keeping Trees too Low
Dying Back of Trees
Young Trees Dropping Fruit
Training
Crops Between Trees
Navels and Valencias
Seedlings
Acres to One Man
Roots for Trees
Soil and Situation
Transplanting
Protecting Young Trees
Not on Osage
No Pollenizer for Navels
Water and Frost
Frosted, What to do
Pruning Frosted Trees
Pruning
Olives
Cultivating
Moving Old Trees
Darkening Pickled
Seedlings Must Be Grafted
Oranges and Peppers
Budding Seedlings
Budding Old
from Small Cuttings
from Large Cuttings
Trimming Up
Canning
Renewing Trees
Growing from Seed
Neglected Trees
Peaches
Lye-peeling
Aged Trees
Renewing Orchard
Will He Have
Fillers in Apple Orchard
Grafting on Almond
on Apricot
Replanting after Root Knot
Buds in Bearing Trees
Pollen Must Be Same Kind
Grafting on
Young Trees Fail to Start
Planting in Alfalfa Sod
Pecan Growing
Pears
Pollination of Bartletts
Comics
Not on Peach
Dwarf Pears
Yield in Drying
Problems
Blight and Bees
on Quince
Plowing, Young Orchard
Plums - Pollenizing
Prunes
On Almond
Re-grafting Silver
French or Italian
Myrobalan Seedlings
Drying
Sugar
Glossing Dried
Price on Size Basis
Pruning
Times
Shaping a Young Tree
Late
Too Much
In Frosty Places
Low Growth
Are Tap-Roots Essential
For a Bark Wound
Bridging Gopher Girdles
Roots, Whole or Piece
Soil, Binding Plant for Winter
Spineless Cactus Fruit
Stumps, Medication to Kill
Sucker, What will it Be
Walnuts
Early Bearing
Handling Seedlings
How to Start
Planting
Pruning
Grafting
on Oaks
Eastern or California Blacks
Ripening
Cutting Below Dead Wood
in Alfalfa
in the Hills
Increase Bearing
Temperature and Moisture
from Seed
High-grafted

Vegetable Growing.

Artichokes
Jerusalem
Globe
Growing
Asparagus Growing
Beets
Leases for Sugar
Topping Mangel Wurzels
Brussels Sprouts - Blooming
Bean
Growing
Hoeing
as Nitrogen Gatherer
Yard-Long
Why Waiting
Blackeye
Are Cow-Peas
Horse-Bean Growing
Growing Castor
Inoculation
On Irrigated Mesas
California Grown Seed
Cloth for Hotbeds
Celery, Blanching
Chili Peppers
Corn
in Sacramento Valley
in Warm Ground
Sweet, in California
Cucumbers
Forcing
Growing
Continuous Cropping
Ginger in California
In Cold, Dark, Draft
Licorice in California
Lentils, Growing
Lettuce, Transplanting
Melons
Winter
Ripe
Onions
Seeds and Sets
Ripening
from Sets
Crops from Seed
Peas
Canada for Seed
Growing Niles
Peanuts
Harvesting
and Adobe
Potatoes
Cutting
Planting
Northern Seed
Planted Early
Balls
Seed-ends
and the Moon
Planting Whole
How to Cut Seed
Scab
Double-cropping
Keeping
Yield
New for Seed
Growing
After Alfalfa
Flat or Hill
Bad Conditions for
On Heavy Land
Storage for Seed
and Frosts
Sweet, Plant Growing
Growing
Between Trees
Less Water, More Heat
Radish, Giant Japanese
Rhubarb, Rotting
Soil for Vegetables
Squashes Dislike Hardship
Sunflowers, Harvesting
Tomatoes
Irrigating
Big Worms
Loss of Bloom

Grain and Forage Crops

Alfalfa
Improving Land
Cultivating
Suburban Patch
and Bermuda
and Salt Grass
and Alkali
on Adobe
and Soil Depth
Irrigating
Curing
Preparation of Land
Where Grown
Sowing
and Foxtail
Which is Best
and Dry Land
Inoculating
Unirrigated
Time to Cut
and Overflow
No Nurse Crop
Re-seeding
Taking Bloat from
What Crop for Seed
Siloing First Crop
Soil For
Handling Young
With Gypsum
Alfileria, Winter Pasture
Barley
California Varieties
Chevalier
on Moist Land
and Alfalfa
Beet Sugar, Home-made
Beets
and Potatoes
for Stock
Stock, Summer Start
Berseem
Bermuda Grass
Objectionable
Black Medic
Broom Corn
Buckwheat Growing
Clover
and Drought
for Wet Lands
Crimson
for Shallow Land
for High Ground-Water
Not an Alfalfa
Sweet, Cover Crop
Corn
for Silage
Irrigation for
Eastern Seed
Suckering
and Cow Peas
Cover Crop for Hop Yard
Cow Peas in San Joaquin
Cowpeas
Growing
and Canadian Peas
Crop Rotation
Dry Plowing for Grain
Fall Feed
Forage Plants
in Foothills
Winter
Poultry
Flax, New Zealand
Grasses, for Bank-holding
Grass Seeds, Scattering
Hay
Midsummer Sowing
Loose by Measure
Oat, When to Cut
Rye for
Frosted Grain
Summer Crop
Heating and Fermentation
Insect Powder
Johnson Grass
Jersey Kale
Kafir and Egyptian Corn
Lawns, Mossy
Moonshine Farming
Oats and Rust
Pasturing
Young Grain
Hurry-up
California Winter
Rape and Milo
Rye in California
Rye
Grass, Italian
better than
Speltz
Spurry, Giant
Soil Light, Scant Moisture
Sunflowers
and Soy Beans
Russian
Spineless Cactus
Sorghum
Smutty
Late Sown
Sorghums
for Seed
for Planting
Sacaline
Special Crops
Teosinte
Vetches
for San Joaquin
for Hay
Wheat, Seven-headed

Soils, Fertilizing and Irrigation.

Alkali Soil
and Trees
Treatment of
and Gypsum
Distribution
Plants Will Tell
and Litmus
Alfalfa over Hardpan
Ashes
and Tomatoes
in Garden
and Poultry Manure
Blasting
or Tiling
Effects of
Barnyard Manure and Alkali
Bones for Grape Vines
Can a Man Farm
Charcoal, Medicine, not Food
Cover Crop, Best Legume
Cowpeas, best cover crop
Cementing Soils, Improvement
Cultivation, Depth of
Draining Wet Spot
Dry Plowing
Treatment
and Sowing
Dynamite, More Needed
Electro-Agriculture
Fenugreek as Cover Crop
Fertilizer
in Tree Holes
Best for Sand
Prunings as
Suburban Wastes
Composting Garden Wastes
for Sweet Potatoes
Pear Orchard
Olives
Consult Trees
Nursery
Almond Hulls and Sawdust
Fruit Trees
Oranges
Seed Farm Refuse
Slow Stuff
Alfalfa
Corn
Scrap Iron
Kelp as
Nitrate of Soda
Strawberries
Ground Water
Gypsum
on Grain Land
and Alfalfa
What it Does
How Much
Garden Peas for Green Manure
Grape Pomace
Handling
Abuse of
Hardpan and Low Water
Humus
Burning Out
Straw for
Irrigating
Palms
Condensation for
Winter
Young Trees
Alfalfa
How Much for Crops
Sewage
Creamery Wastes
House Waste
Intensive Cultivation
Irrigate or Cultivate
Irrigation
Underground
of Potatoes
of Apples
of Walnuts
Summer and Fall
and Fertilizers
Liming Chicken Yard
Legumes, Two in Year
Lime
Caustic not Absorbent
on Sandy Soil
Alfalfa
Sugar Factory Fertilizer
Manure
Water, Cultivation
Ashes
Poultry
too Much
Stable and Bean Straw
Pit Roofing
Value of Animals
Fresh and Dry
and Shavings
Sheep, and Goat
Hog and Potatoes
Vineyard
and Nitrate
with Clover
Nitrate, Late Applications of
Oranges Over Ground Water
Organic Matter, Needs
Oranges
How Much Water
Damping Off
Planting in Mud
Potash or Water
Reviving Blighted Trees
Soils
and Oranges
Crop Changes
Moisture Defects
Refractory
Suitable for Fruits
Blowing
Improving Heavy
Reclaimed Swamp
Improving Uncovered
Sand for Clay
Sour
and Old Plaster
Handling Orchard
Depth for Citrus
Summer Fallow
Sub-soil, Plow for
Stable Drainage for Fruit
Seeds, Soaking
Trees
over High-water
Plowing toward or from
Irrigated or not
Too Much Water
Too Little Water
Thomas Phosphate, Applying
Water
Artesian
from Wells or Streams

Live Stock and Dairy.

Buttermilk Paint
Butter
Going White
Fat, What it is
Why not Come
Fat in Cream
Breeding
Young Mare
in Purple
Line
Cream That Won't Whip
Cows in Hill Country
Concrete Stable Floor
Drying Persistent Milker
Foot-hill Dairy
Free Martin
Grade, What it is
Granary, Rat-proof
Hogs, Best Breed
Jersey
Short-horn Cross
Bad Tempered
Legal Milk House
Milk
Strong
Separator as Purifier
Certified
Self-Milker, Cure for
Silos, Heating not Dangerous
Shingles, Make Durable
Trespassing Live Stock
Whitewashes
for Buildings
Government
for Spray

Feeding Farm Animals

Alfalfa and Concentrates
Barley, Rolled
for Cows
for Hay Feeding
Brewers' Grains for Cows
Balanced Rations
Corn Stalks
and Concentrates
Cut for Silage
Calves, Feeding
Feed
for Cows
Family Cow
Young Pigs
Grape Pomace as Hog Feed
Grain for Horses
Horses, Vetch for
Horse Beans and Melons
Hay
Salting
Chopping for Horses
Cut Alfalfa
Storing Cut Alfalfa
Grinding
Kale for Cow Feed
Plow Horses, Feed for
Pumpkins
Feeding
Keeping
Pasture and Cover Crop
Fall and Winter
Summer for Hogs
Pigs
and Pie-Melons
Grain or Pasture for
Growing on Roots
Sheep, Winter Feeding
Sorghum, Feeding
Silage 200 Dry Fodder
Sugar Beets and Silage
Stover
Stock Beets
Storing
Kind of
Spelt, Value of
Steers on Alfalfa
Silo, Size of
Soiling Crops
Wheat or Barley
for Hogs
for Feeding

Diseases of Animals.

Abscess of Gland
Abnormal Thirst
Bloat, Easement
Bowel Trouble
Bloody Milk
Barren Heifers
Blind Teat
Bovine Rheumatism
Bleeding for Blackleg
Chronic Indigestion
Castration of Colt
Chronic Cough
Cowpox
Calf Dysentery
Cleft Hoof
Cocked Ankles
Cleanse Cows
Caked Bag
Cow Chewing Bones
Depraved Appetite
Dentist Needed
Dehorning
Forage Poisoning
Fungus Poisoning
Fly Repellants
Flea Destroyers
Garget
Gland Enlarged
Heaves
Horse with Itch
Horses Feet, Treatment
Hog Cholera
Hog Sickness
Infectious Mastitis
Irritation of Udder
Injury to Udder
Kidney Trouble
Lumpy jaw
Lumps in Teat
Loss of Cud
Mange, Is it
Mangy Cow
Musty Corn for Pigs
Nail Puncture
Neck Swelling
Pregnancy of Mare
Paralysis
Pneumonia in Pigs
Paralysis of Sow
Rickets in Hogs
Scabby Swelling
Skin Disease, Fatal
Scours
Side-bone
Shoulder injury
Stiff joints
Swelling in Dewlap
Sterile Cow
Supernumerary Teat
Sore
Eyes
in Pigs
Sow, Over-fat
Tuberculous Milk
Uterus, Diseased
Urination Defective
Warts on Horse
Worms in Horses
Wound
Sore
in Teat
Swellings

Poultry Keeping.

Bowel Trouble in Chicks
Cure for Feather-Eating
Cannibal Chicks
Caponizing
Chicken Pox
Clipping Hens
Dipping Fowls
Disinfectants
Dry Mash
Feeding for Eggs
Grain for Chickens
Liver Disease
Limber Neck
Melons for Fowls
Open Front Houses
Roup
Treatment
in Turkeys
Quick Roosters and Laying Hens
Preserving Eggs
Poultry
Tonic
in Orchard
Point on Mating
Poultry Diarrhea
Rupture of Oviduct
Rape for Chickens
Sunflower Seeds for Chicks
Teaching Chicks to Perch

Pests and Diseases of Plants.

Apple-Leaf Aphis
Bordeaux Mixture
Bean Weevil
Borers on Olive Twigs
Blister Mite on Walnuts
Black Scale, Fumigation
Cutworms in Young Trees
Control
of Pear Slug
of Grasshoppers
of Red Spider
of Squash Bugs
Corn Worm
Gumming Prune Trees
Gopher Poison
Lime-Sulphate Formula
Melon Lice
Mottle Leaf, Cause of
Potato Scab
Raspberry Cane Borer
Sunburn and Borers
Scale on Apricots
Spray for Red Spider
Slugs in Garden
Thrips, Finding
Wooly Aphis
Wire Worms

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