Full Text Archive logoFull Text Archive — Free Classic E-books

Military Reminiscences of the Civil War V2 by Jacob Dolson Cox

Part 12 out of 12

Adobe PDF icon
Download this document as a .pdf
File size: 1.4 MB
What's this? light bulb idea Many people prefer to read off-line or to print out text and read from the real printed page. Others want to carry documents around with them on their mobile phones and read while they are on the move. We have created .pdf files of all out documents to accommodate all these groups of people. We recommend that you download .pdfs onto your mobile phone when it is connected to a WiFi connection for reading off-line.

Parke, John G.,
Burnside's chief of staff;
character and services;
appointed major general;
assigned to command 9th army corps;
sent to Vicksburg with corps;
returns and goes on sick leave;
leads 9th army corps to Cumberland Gap;
chief of staff in E. Tennessee;
in command 9th army corps;
meeting with Grant;
at Dandridge;
resists Longstreet's advance toward Knoxville;
health impaired;
resumes staff position.

for Johnston's army prepared by Schofield;
General Hartsuff takes charge of their issue;
difficulty of ascertaining number required;
number actually paroled;
speedy accomplishment of.

Parsons, L. B., colonel quartermaster's department,
supervises transfer of 23d army corps from Clifton, Tennessee, to

Partisan Rangers,
organized under confederate auspices, little better than
methods of, condemned by Stuart;
and Rosser

Patrick, Marsena B., brig, general,
reports to General Cox in lines about Washington;
appointed provost marshal with extended powers to prevent
at Antietam

Peachtree Creek, battle of;
planned by Johnston, fought by Hood

Pearisburg, Virginia, operations near

Pegram, John, lieutenant colonel,
held position at Rich Mountain;
attacked in rear by Rosecrans;
surrenders to McClellan.

Peirpoint, F. H., Governor of West Virginia;
holds rebel sympathizers as hostages for safety of Union men;
courts established by, ignored;
calls for help in West Virginia

Pemberton, John C., lieutenant general Confederate States Army,
surrenders Vicksburg.

Peninsular Campaign,
discussed by McClellan.

Pennsylvania Troops,
10th res. infantry;
8th Cavalry;
Bat. D.

Perry, Hon. Aaron F.,
attorny for Burnside in Vallandigham _habeas corpus_ case.

Pfan, Philip, captain 3rd Ohio ind. cavalry,
at Princeton, West Virginia

Phelps, Walter, Jr., colonel 22nd New York,
at Antietam.

Philippi, West Virginia,
captured by Morris.

Pickett's Mill, Georgia,
operations at.

Pine Mountain, E. Tennessee,
difficulties of ascent.

Piper's house,
at Antietam.

Pleasanton, Alfred, brigadier general
commanding cavalry division Army of Potomac;
at South Mountain;
classmate of McClellan.

Poe, Orlando M., lieutenant of topographical engineers on coast
assists Governor Dennison in organizing regiments;
engineer on Burnside's staff, E. Tennessee;
removes heavy pontoon bridge from Loudon to Knoxville;
fortifies Knoxville;
describes privations during siege;
praises Cox's movement retiring left wing at Dalton;
fortifies Allatoona;
examines Cox's position south of Olley's Creek

Poffenberger, J.,
house and barn at Antietam.

Political Appointments,
mostly lawyers;
political leaders naturally foremost in enlisting men;
President selected from these officers for 3 months service;
not bad, if method adopted to get rid of known incompetents;
evils in actual practice;
condemned by Governor Tod;

Polk, Leonidas, lieutenant general C. S, A.,
opposes Sherman in Mississippi;
urges Johnston's appointment as successor to Bragg;
commands Army of the Mississippi;
urges reconciliation of Johnston with Davis;
ordered to reinforce Johnston;
concentrates at Rome;
at Resaca;
position between Dallas and New Hope Church;
killed at Pine Mountain;
underestimate of his own forces.

Pontoons, canvas,
unequalled for field use, but unfit for permanent bridges.

Pope, John, captain,
consulted by Governor Dennison;
commands Army of Virginia;
orders ridiculed;
drafted under direction of Stanton;
admits bad taste of;
hostility of Army of the Potomac;
General Cox ordered to join, with Kanawha division;
disliked by McClellan;
retires within defences of Washington after second Battle of Bull
army affronts him by cheering McClellan;
character and mistakes of;
unfair treatment of;
general conduct of campaign skilful;
plans disarranged by McDowell's absence from his command and
Porter's inactivity;
slow movement of Peninsular Army to his relief;
prefers charges against Porter and Franklin;
permanently retired from active service;
orders on assuming command disapproved by Lincoln and McClellan;
sarcastically criticised by Fitz-John Porter;

Porter, David D., rear admiral with fleet off Cape Fear;
visited by Schofield and Cox;
transports Sherman from City Point to New Berne.

Porter, Fitz-John, major general United States Volunteers,
inaction before second battle of Bull Run;
relieved from duty and corps assigned to Hooker;
reinstated at McClellan's request;
on march, South Mountain to Antietam;
classmate and intimate friend of McClellan;
in reserve at Antietam;
with John W. Garret at McClellan's headquarters;
letters to Burnside forwarded to Washington;
sarcastic comments in, most damaging evidence against Porter;
becomes unfriendly to Burnside;
notoriously favored by McClellan;
extraordinary effort to make a record against Burnside;
erroneous report in regard to withdrawal of Burnside's corps at
ordered before a court-martial;

Porterfield, G. A.,
colonel commanding confederate forces at Philippi, West Virginia

Potter, Robt. B., colonel 51st N.Y.,
at Antietam;
president military commission to try Vallandigham;
commanding division in 9th army corps, returns from Vicksburg ill
and unfit for service;
commands 9th army corps temporarily.

"Present for Duty,"
only fair basis of comparison between Union and Confederate

Presstman, Stephen W., major and church engineer on Johnston's
marks out defences at Resaca.

Prices in Confederacy in 1864.

Princeton, West Virginia,
battle of.

Privations of officers,
when marching without baggage.

Probate Court, Hamilton Co., Ohio,
tries to arrest U. S. officers for contempt of court.

affected by politics;
should be based on merit alone;
evil tendency of opposite policy;
those recommended by Sherman for promotion on account of
distinguished services in Atlanta campaign could not be advanced
because vacancies had already been filled by appointments made on
political grounds.

Pugh, Geo. E.,
counsel for Vallandigham;
visits V. in Canada.

Raglan, L'd,
dependence on what Wellington would have done.

in Kentucky and Tennessee seized and administered by Sherman in
interests of his army;
system of defences for.

Raleigh, North Carolina,
occupied by Union troops;
abject terror of inhabitants;
guarded by General Cox;
measures taken to prevent outbreak on news of Lincoln's

Raleigh courthouse, West Virginia

Ransom, Robt., major general Confederate States Army,
in E. Tennessee;
transferred to cavalry command.

Rawlins, John A., brigadier general United States Volunteers, chief
of staff for General Grant,
sent to St. Louis to hurry reinforcements to Thomas.

Raymond, H. J.,
correspondence with Stanton about photograph of Lincoln cortège in
City Hall, New York.

Reagan, John H., p. m. general in Davis' cabinet,
excluded from conference between Sherman and Johnston;
draft of agreement presented by Johnston and rejected by Sherman;
at last cabinet meeting;
captured with Davis.

place of honor on retreat.

Regimental Histories,
value to the historian limited to actual experience of regiment,
camp gossip about other commands and generals usually worthless.

Regular Army officers,
should have officered volunteer regiments at the start;
professionals usually more likely to succeed than amateurs;
lacked, however, experience in high command or large operations;
few above rank of captain fit for field service;
theoretical knowledge comparatively small;
contempt for books;
study of strategy and grand tactics, begun after war broke out;
familiar with post and garrison duty and army regulations;
slavish adherence to French precedents;
marked conservatism prevented adoption of new and improved
indifference and lack of patriotism;
unwillingness to go beyond orders;
spontaneity drilled out of;
superiority to volunteer officers limited to knowledge of company
and battalion drill, army regulations and administration;
keeping up separate organization with its grades, belittled actual
command in military operations, and resulted in grading regular
officers who had done little or nothing, above volunteers who had
worthily commanded divisions and corps.

Reilly, Jas. W., colonel 104th Ohio,
commanding brigade in 23d army corps, at siege of Knoxville;
at Resaca;
at Cheney's;
forces crossing of Olley's Creek at Cheney's;
intrenches three miles from continuous line of Union
in temporary command 3rd division 23d army corps;
promoted on recommendation of General Cox;
at Spring Hill, Tennessee;
gets leave of absence, after Franklin;
rejoins corps in North Carolina;
commands Cox's division when latter assumes command of corps;
resigns on account of ill health.

Reno, Jesse L., major general United States Volunteers,
commands 9th army corps;
praises marching of Kanawha division;
observes affair at the Monocacy;
approves Cox's advance on Fox's Gap;
comes to Cox's position just before sunset;
killed a few minutes afterward;
succeeded by General Cox in command of corps;
classmate of McClellan.

fortified and occupied by Johnston;
map of;
natural strength of position;
battles around;
evacuated by Johnston.

Reynolds, D. H., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Resaca.

Reynolds, Jos. J.,
in command of Cheat Mountain district;
repulses attack by Loring;
at Romney;
opinion as to expediency of Rosecrans' advance.

Rhind, Alex. C., commander U. S. N.,
at Kinston.

Rice, Henry M., senator from Minnesota,
questions power of President to appointment additional major and
brig, generals.

Rich Mountain, West Virginia,
fortified by Garnett;
held by Pegram;
battle of.

Richardson, Israel B., major general United States Volunteers,
supports cavalry advance toward Antietam;
at Antietam;
mortally wounded.

Richmond, Lewis,
lieutenant colonel and assistant adjutant-general on Burnside's
staff, leaves E. Tennessee.

Ricketts, Jas. B., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam.

Ricks, Augustus J., lieutenant on staff of General Cox, since Judge
of U. S. District Court N. District of Ohio,
vivid account of celebration of Lee's surrender in Sherman's army.

Rifled Guns,
superiority over smooth-bores.

"Rigors of Climate,"
laughable excuse for going South in August.

Ripley, Roswell S., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Antietam.

Rockcastle River, Kentucky,
picturesque character of.

Rocky Face, Georgia,
description of;
natural defence of Dalton;
northern extremity carried by Newton;
sharp and rugged character of ridge.

Rodman, Isaac P., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
in Maryland campaign;
at South Mountain;
first position at Antietam;
ordered to cross at ford below Burnside's bridge;
killed at Antietam;
on left at Antietam.

Rosecrans, Wm. S.,
captain and engineer on McClellan's staff;
appointed brigadier general in regular army;
at Rich Mountain, West Virginia;
succeeds McClellan in Department of West Virginia;
comes to Gauley and assumes chief command;
defeats Floyd at Carnifex Ferry;
characteristics of;
at Big Sewell Mountain;
on the retreat;
in camp near Gauley;
mode of dealing with privates;
strong excitement when Floyd seized Cotton Mountain;
plan for capturing Floyd's army;
foiled by Benham's inactivity;
plans expedition into E. Tennessee;
physical obstacles;
winter quarters at Wheeling;
sends reinforcements to Buell;
attitude in regard to escaped slaves;
new plan for advance into E. Tennessee;
turns over command to Fremont;
sent to conduct Blenker's division to Fremont;
regards Porter as McClellan's confidential adviser;
appointed major general;
directed to move on Chattanooga;
inability to agree with Burnside;
unwillingness and inaction;
secures opinions of division commanders;
Garfield's summing up;
dissatisfaction of administration;
forces of, opposed to Bragg;
inactivity enables Bragg to send reinforcements to Johnston;
on promotion as a reward for merit;
again urged by Stanton and Halleck to advance;
querulous disposition;
drives Bragg out of Tennessee;
plans, after reaching Chattanooga;
demoralized by defeat at Chickamauga;
relations with Burnside;
relieved from command;
sends Garfield to Washington with his report;
conduct at Chickamauga;
described by Dana;
House resolution of thanks fails in Senate;
resents Garfield's letter to Chase;
plans for supplying army at Chattanooga;
sent to Missouri;
sends A. J. Smith with two divisions to Thomas.

Ross, L. S., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Olley's Creek;
driven off by Reilly and Cameron.

Rosser, Thos. L.,
colonel 5th Virginia Confederate States Army;
condemns "Partisan Rangers" in Virginia

Rousseau, Lovell H.,
appointed major general;
repulses Forrest at Pulaski;
at Murfreesborough.

Rucker, E. W., colonel Confederate States Army,
commanding brigade in Chalmers' cavalry division at battle of
wounded and captured.

Rue, Geo. W., major 9th Kentucky Cavalry,
in Morgan raid.

Ruffin, Thos. Jr.,
colonel 13th North Carolina

Ruffner, Lewis,
prominent Union man in West Virginia

Ruger, Thos. H., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
transferred from 20th army corps to 2nd division 23d army corps;
joins at Johnsonville, Tennessee;
at Columbia;
assigned to command new division 23d army corps;
on march from Columbia to Clifton;
brevet major general;
reports to General Cox at Beaufort, North Carolina with new
at Gum Swamp;
at battle of Kinston;
repulses Hoke's attack;

Rullett and Clipp houses,
at Antietam.

Sale, John B., military secretary of General Bragg,
takes special message to Johnston.

Salisbury, North Carolina,
confederate treatment of prisoners at;
prison pen described.

Sanders, Wm. P., colonel 5th Kentucky cavalry,
raid into E. Tennessee;
pursuit of Morgan raiders;
defeated at Richmond;
turns tables on Scott at Lancaster;
made brigadier general;
resists Wheeler in E. Tennessee;
splendid conduct before Knoxville;
mortally wounded.

Sanitary Commission reaches E. Tennessee with needed supplies.

Saunders, E. D.,
assistant adjutant-general on Gen Cox's staff;
killed while riding at his side;
loss severely felt.

Savage, Jas. W., colonel 12th New York Cavalry,
at Kinston.

Scammon, E. P., colonel 23d Ohio,
at Canfex Ferry;
history and characteristics;
succeeds to command of Schenck's brigade;
at Fayette courthouse;
at Flat Top Mountain;
at Princeton;
at French's;
commands 1st brigade Kanawha division;
at Bull Run bridge;
at the Monocacy;
supports Pleasanton;
attached to Rodman's division;
at Antietam;
commands division in Kanawha valley;
at Fayette courthouse;
heads off Morgan at Pomeroy, Ohio

Scary Creek, West Virginia,
skirmish at.

Schenck, Robt. C., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
in West Virginia;
movements near Gauley;
efforts to intercept Floyd;
leaves West Virginia on account of ill health;
under Fremont in Mountain Department;
appointed major general;
political acquaintance and influence secures confirmation;
commands District of Maryland with West Virginia annexed;
attitude toward Lincoln.

Schleich, Newton,
brigadier general Ohio Valley Infantry.

Schofield, John M.,
appointed major general in 1862, not confirmed;
reappointed as of first date;
opposition to confirmation;
appointed to command Army of the Ohio;
arrives at Knoxville;
instructed to drive Longstreet out of E. Tennessee;
impossibility of making campaign explained;
remains on defensive;
reports to Sherman;
instructed to join him;
even temper;
permanently assigned to command 23d army corps;
unites with Sherman's army;
left wing of army before Dalton;
manoeuvres at Dalton;
dissatisfied with Hovey;
asks to have him removed;
praises Cox's movement, retiring left wing;
orders advance at Resaca;
advances on extreme left from Resaca to Cassville;
hindered by Hooker's getting on his line of march;
concentrates at Cartersville;
appoints Hascall commander 2nd division in place of Judah;
again hindered by Hooker;
movements south of the Etowah;
disabled by fall of horse;
turns command over to General Cox;
resumes command;
question of rank with Butterfield;
outflanks confederate army and compels abandonment of New Hope
at Kolb's farm;
demonstrates on extreme right;
says importance of position gained by General Cox, south of
Olley's Creek, cannot be overestimated;
at Smyrna;
across the Chattahoochee;
builds wooden bridge;
wide circuit east of Atlanta;
attacked by Cheatham at Atlanta;
at Rough and Ready;
at Decatur, Georgia;
turns command of corps over to General Cox during October;
classmate and roommate of McPherson;
commands all troops in Chattanooga and vicinity;
objects to being relegated to Department command;
resumes command of Army of the Ohio;
wants corps filled up to its quota;
reports to Thomas;
commands all forces assembling at Pulaski;
at Columbia;
limited to careful defensive;
holds on at Columbia under orders from Thomas;
deprived of benefit of cavalry;
earnestly demands General Cox's promotion;
at battle of Nashville;
in pursuit of Hood;
asks to have 23d corps transferred to eastern army;
corps filled up;
at Clifton, Tennessee;
transferred with corps to Washington;
appointed to command Department of North Carolina;
headquarters on steamer "Spaulding," controversy over;
efforts to flank Hoke out of position on Federal Point;
approves General Cox's discretion in not obeying orders;
asks permanent assignment of General Cox to 23d Corps command, and
General Terry to new corps
in advance on Kinston;
in temporary command of Sherman's army;
promoted to brigadier general in regular army;
on march to Raleigh;
commands District of North Carolina;
prepares paroles and arranges details of capitulation of
Johnston's army;
loans horses to the needy and issues rations to Johnston's troops;
proclaims an end of slavery;
confers with Hardee at Greensborough.

Schurz, Carl,
appointed major general United States Volunteers

Scofield, Levi T., lieutenant 103rd Ohio,
topographer on General Cox's staff.

Scott, Thos. M., brig, gen, Confederate States Army,
raid into southern Kentucky;
defeated by Sanders at Lancaster.

Scott, Winfield, General U. S. A.,
mistake in discouraging service of regular army officers with
volunteer regiments.

Seddon, Jas. A., Secretary of War, Confederate States Army,
correspondence with Johnston;
correspondence with B. H. Hill.

Sedgwick, John, major general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam;
severely wounded.

Separate Commands,
evils of, in same field of operations;
ridiculed by Napoleon.

Sevierville, E. Tennessee,
cavalry combat at.

Seward, Wm. H., Secretary of State,
goes with Lincoln to meet confederate peace commander's.

Seymour, Truman, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam.

Shackelford, Jas. M., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
in Morgan raid;
captures Morgan and most of his command;
operations in E. Tennessee

Shelter Tent,
substituted for all other kinds;
advantages of.

Sheridan, P. H.,
first vote;
appointed major general United States Volunteers;
reasons for opposing Rosecrans' advance in Tennessee;
at Chickamauga;
at Missionary Ridge;
in E. Tennessee;
at Dandridge;
personal appearance;
slow development as a commander;
builds bridge which lands on an island;
retreats to Strawberry Plains;
transferred to eastern army;
part assigned in final round-up of Lee's army.

Sheriff of Hamilton Co., Ohio,
directed to arrest U. S. officers for contempt of court;
comical perplexity.

Sherman, Hon. John,
senator from Ohio;
correspondence with Wm. T.

Sherman, Wm. T.,
appointed colonel of regulars;
high opinion of volunteers
studies evolutions of the line after Bull Run;
acquiesces in Emancipation policy;
urges draft to fill up regiments in the field;
commands Department of the Tennessee;
hastens to Chattanooga;
marches to relief of Burnside;
horror of E. Tennessee;
dissatisfied with Granger;
good dinner at Burnside's headquarters, explanation of;
Meridian expedition;
promoted to command Mil. Division of the Mississippi;
visits Schofield at Knoxville;
urges confirmation of his appointment as major general;
correspondence with Halleck;
modest estimate of his own powers;
studies problem of supplying his army in the field;
takes possession of railroads from Louisville to Nashville and
Nashville to Chattanooga;
cuts down personal and headquarters baggage to bare necessities
and sets example himself;
accurate judgment of opposing forces;
concentrates for Atlanta campaign;
forces of;
personal appearance and characteristics;
cordial relations with Thomas;
orders for operations about Dalton;
satisfied Johnston's position could not be carried by assault;
orders demonstrations to cover McPherson's movement;
congratulates Schofield on Cox's movement retiring left wing;
declines to relieve Hovey;
presses after Johnston when he evacuates Resaca;
unwilling to give up hope of general engagement;
compelled by results to avoid assaults on intrenched positions;
losses on campaign compensated by arrival of Blair's (17th) corps;
recommends acceptance of Hovey's resignation;
indignation at promotion of Hovey and Osterhaus;
foresees probable necessity for attack at Kennesaw;
uneasy at stretching of lines;
hopes to break through enemy's lines;
orders demonstrations on both flanks and assaults by two columns
in middle
both assaults fail;
might have succeeded if followed up;
recognizes importance of position gained by General Cox on right
flank forces confederates to give up Atlanta or assume desperate
closes in on Jonesboro;
occupies Atlanta;
steady diminution in forces of;
offers promotion to any one who will capture or kill Forrest;
odd mistake, resulting in promotion of General Mower;
orders citizens to leave Atlanta;
leaves of absence and furloughs freely granted;
orders certain officers to report to governors of Indiana and Mo.
for duty--on the stump;
courteous treatment of subordinates;
would have given Logan command of Army of Tennessee but for
Thomas' opposition;
praises L.'s handling of that army at battle of Atlanta;
sends back troops to protect railroads against Hood's raid;
leaves 20th army corps to garrison Atlanta;
plans March to the Sea;
pursuit of Hood;
tires of countermarching to protect his communications;
praises Cox's management of 23d army corps;
recommends his promotion to be major general;
urges Halleck to send reinforcements to Thomas;
orders Schofield to report to Thomas with 23d Corps;
cuts communications and starts on March to the Sea;
plans campaign from Savannah, north;
inspiring quality of his leadership;
unselfish relations to Grant;
opposes bill providing for another lieutenant general;
knows Carolina campaign involves great risks;
where described;
general outline;
captures Columbia;
effects junction with Schofield and Terry, confident he can whip
Lee and Johnston combined;
battles of Averasborough and Bentonville;
losses at;
leaves Schofield in command, goes to City Point to consult Lincoln
and Grant;
endorses Schofield's request that Cox be assigned to permanent
command of 23d Corps and Terry, of new corps;
prohibits foraging after reaching Goldsborough;
moves upon Raleigh;
extravagant demonstrations of army, on learning of Lee's
receives Governor Vance's peace delegation;
negotiates informally for withdrawal of North Carolina from
on Johnston's request agrees to an armistice;
stringent orders against pillage and arson;
fears outbreak of army on hearing news of Lincoln's assassination;
measures to prevent;
announces first step toward disbandment of confederate armies;
attitude before war on slavery question;
emphatic statements that if the South loses the war it loses
freedom for the blacks to be secured, but they are unfit to assume
political rule;
set no limits on their following the army, except military
representative colored men had confidence in him;
allots Sea-island lands to freedmen for cultivation with Stanton's
wrath against men chiefly responsible for secession and war;
conference with Lincoln only three weeks before he met Johnston;
understood his policy to involve guaranty of rights as citizens,
as soon as rebels laid down their arms, and recognition of existing
State governments as _de facto_ to prevent anarchy;
aware that Weitzel had authorized Virginia legislature to assemble
with Lincoln's consent;
not aware that permission was revoked;
meets Johnston with heavy burden of Lincoln's assassination on his
expresses full confidence in Johnston's sincerity;
sends full copies of Johnston's overture and his reply to Grant
and Stanton;
no notice taken of them;
witnesses Johnston's distress when advised of Lincoln's
declines to deal with confederate government;
will recognize _de facto_ State governments only;
gives Johnston Lincoln's views;
regards slavery as utterly dead, but does not insist on irritating
reasons for depositing arms at State capitals;
loses nothing by delay, while negotiations in progress;
drafts memo or basis of agreement to be submitted to respective
sends it to Grant;
urges on Johnston a public declaration that slavery is dead and
predicts an era of good feeling to follow;
says war to perpetuate slavery was an insult to the intelligence
of the age;
warns Johnston of intense feeling at the North over Lincoln's
changes the situation;
notifies Johnston of termination of truce and demands surrender of
his army on terms given to Lee;
resents Stanton's distrust as evidenced in orders to Grant to
direct operations against the enemy;
supposed the memo reflected Lincoln's ideas and purposes;
asks Grant to remain until capitulation finally signed;
farewell letter to Johnston;
field order No. 65;
deeply wounded by Stanton's press dispatches condemning his
first heard of Davis' "plunder" through Grant;
takes immediate steps to prevent his escape with it;
imputation of Stanton that he could be bribed;
strikes back at Stanton in letter to Grant and in his report;
popular regard for, soon asserts itself;
life-long friendship for Halleck destroyed by latter's "plunder"
dispatch, and orders to disregard his truce;
refuses H.'s proffered hospitality, and denounces "diabolical
plot" to ruin him;
says he will defend his truce at all hazards;
theoretic discussion of his right and ability to do so;
sympathy of his subordinates;
leaves Raleigh, visits Charleston and Savannah;
notes complete submission to U. S. authority in Savannah.

Siber, Edward, colonel 37th Ohio,
at Raleigh courthouse;
retreats before Loring;
operates on south bank of Kanawha.

Sigel, Franz, major general United States Volunteers,
commands 11th Corps;
Pope's proposal to consolidate Kanawha division with, and put all
under Hooker.

Sill, Joshua W.,
ordnance officer at Camp Dennison;
character and heroic death at Stone's River

Simmonds, Seth J., captain Kentucky battery,
attached to Kanawha division;
at South Mountain;
at Antietam.

Simonton, Chas. H., colonel commanding brigade Confederate States
captured at Town Creek by General Cox.

Sisters of Charity,
in hospitals at Camp Dennison.

Skirmishing Advance,

Slack, John Jr.,
deputy U. S. Marshal at Charleston, West Virginia

question, most troublesome in all border States;
admitted to be dead as result of war;
Sherman urges upon Johnston frank acknowledgment of fact, as
likely to usher in era of good feeling;
end of, in North Carolina, proclaimed by Schofield.

common belief among, that property of whites was to be taken away
and divided among them;
difficulties in getting them to work;
embarrassments of housekeepers.

Slemmer, Adam J., major 16th U. S.,
at Ft. Pickens;
inspector general on Rosecrans' staff;
good qualities.

Slocum, Henry W., major general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam;
succeeds Hooker in command of 20th Corps;
left to garrison Atlanta;
commands Army of Georgia, composed of 14th and 20th Corps;
march past 23d Corps at Goldsborough;
chaffing between soldiers;
at battles of Averasborough and Bentonville;
on march to Raleigh;
"bummers" of, forage country bare near Raleigh;
marches through Raleigh.

Smith, Andrew J., major general United States Volunteers,
ordered to reinforce Thomas at Nashville;
delayed in starting;
at Nashville;
at battle of Nashville;
supports cavalry in pursuit of Hood;
ordered to Eastport;
at Clifton awaiting transportation.

Smith, Benj. F., leading lawyer and "new state man,"
in West Virginia;
U. S. District Atty., father of Major Smith of Confederate States
demands return of son's escaped slave, refused by General Cox;
acts as advocate for return of others' slaves.

Smith, E. Kirby, major general Confederate States Army,
threatens Cincinnati;
commanding in trans-Miss, department.

Smith, Gustavus W., major general Confederate States Army,
commands Georgia militia and prepares line of defence on Nickajack
Creek, and Chattahoochee.

Smith, Wm. F., major general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam;
consulted by McClellan as to what he should do about Emancipation
chief engineer, Army of the Cumberland;
opens new line of supply for Chattanooga;
transferred to Eastern Army;
on the James.

Smith, W. P.,
master of transportation on Kanawha River

Smith, Wm. Sooy, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
selected by Grant to command cavalry of Western army;
ordered to co-operate with Sherman's column;
fails to do so.

Soldier Vote,
in Ohio State election, 1863;
in 1864.

Southern People,
complete submission immediately after the war;
reaction and political exasperation.

South Mountain,
passes of;
battle of.

Spears, Jas. G., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
in Morgan's command;
at Blain's Cross-roads;
assigned to 23d army corps

army, false reports of Lee's strength;
worse than useless to McClellan;
conscious, or unconscious, purveyors of false news.

Splaine, Henry, colonel 17th Massachusetts,
commanding brigade in Carter's division at battle of Kinston,
North Carolina.

Sprague, Wm., Governor of R. I.,
on McClellan's favoritism for Porter.

Staff Officers,
services hidden from view, chances for promotion less than those
of line officers;
qualifications and appointment of.

Stafford, Leroy A., colonel 9th La.,
commanding brigade at Antietam.

Stager, Anson, colonel,
suerintendent of military telegraphs at Washington.

Stahel, Julius,
appointed major general United States Volunteers.

Stanley, David S.,
appointed major general United States Volunteers.

Stanley, Timothy R., colonel 18th Ohio,
at Chattanooga;
in Ohio Senate at outbreak of war.

Stanton, Edwin M., Secretary of War,
first meeting with;
disapproves of restoring McClellan to command;
pleasant leavetaking;
maintains right of President to appoint additional major and
brigadier generals;
reports six major generals at home with no assignments to duty;
informs himself about conditions of things in Rosecrans' army;
dismisses telegraph operator for revealing cipher to Grant's
adopts new cipher known only to operators;
this system criticised;
asks Sherman to detail certain officers to stump northern States;
impatience with Thomas before battle of Nashville;
cordial manner with General Cox;
petulance about Schofield's use of hospital steamer for
inquires about Sherman's treatment of the negro;
approves his allotment of sea-island lands to the freedmen;
dispatch to Dix, reflecting on Sherman;
false implications of;
nine criticisms of Sherman-Johnston Convention considered;
objections, really to Lincoln's policy;
position against amnesty not sustained by the people;
orders Sherman's subordinates not to obey his orders;
ignores capitulation, while paroles were being issued;
_suppressio veri_;
mutilates Grant's dispatch for publication;
constitutional inability to admit that he was in the wrong;
publishes Halleck's "plunder" dispatch in garbled form;
evident purpose to humiliate Sherman;
makes no public explanation;
tells Howard that Sherman had put administration on the defensive;
regarded Sherman's convention and dispatch as acts of vanity to be
put down.

Starke, Wm. E., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Harper's Ferry;
killed at Antietam.

Steedman, James B., brig, gen, United States Volunteers,
questioned by Stanton about Rosecrans and Thomas;
at Chickamauga;
ordered to Tuscumbia to destroy Hood's bridge of boats;
later ordered to Cowan and Nashville;
at Nashville;
at battle of Nashville;
ordered to Decatur, Alabama

Sterl, Oscar W., colonel 104th Ohio,
commanding Reilly's old brigade in 23d army corps, in movement up
right bank of Cape Fear River.

Sterling, Jas. T., lieutenant colonel 103rd Ohio,
accompanies General Cox on winter ride to E. Tennessee;
at Dandridge;
at skirmish before Knoxville;
inspector general on General Cox's staff, resigns for business

Stevens, Isaac J., major general United States Volunteers,
killed at Chantilly.

Stevens, Thaddeus,
radical leader in Congress.

Stevenson, Carter L., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
in E. Tennessee

Stewart, Alex. P., major general Confederate States Army,
at Tunnel Hill;
on way to join Bragg at Kinston, North Carolina;
arrives in time for second battle.

Stiles, Israel N., colonel 63rd Indiana,
succeeds Henderson in command of brigade in 23d army corps;
at battle of Nashville;
volunteers as staff officer at battle of Kinston;
commands brigade in Rugers division;
commands post at Raleigh;
garrison under, strengthened to prevent outbreak after news of
Lincoln's assassination.

Stone's River, battle of,
resemblance to Antietam.

Stoneman, Geo, major general United States Volunteers,
reports to Grant for duty;
assigned to command 23d army corps;
why relieved from command in Army of Potomac;
arrives at Knoxville;
personal appearance;
disliked by Grant;
in pursuit of Longstreet;
at Mossy Creek;
placed in command of cavalry;
on march, Resaca to Cassville;
movements near the Etowah;
enters Allatoona and reports ability to hold it;
aids General Cox in holding position south of Olley's Creek;
crosses Chattahoochee;
good work from Chattanooga to Chattahoochee;
raid from E. Tennessee into North Carolina

in Army of Potomac;
in confederate army;
measures to prevent;
in Kanawha division

principles of, easily learned;
same in all times.

Strawberry Plains, E. Tennessee,
strategic importance of;
railroad bridge at, alternately destroyed and rebuilt;
hardships of troops at;
threatened by Longstreet.

Streight, Abel D., colonel 51st Indiana commanding cavalry brigade,
captured with his brigade near Rome, Georgia

Strickland, Silas A., colonel 50th Ohio,
commanding brigade in Cooper's division 23d A.C., at Columbia.

Strong, Jas. H., lieutenant colonel on Foster's staff,
accompanies General Cox on winter ride to E. Tennessee;
advocates General Cox's appointment to field command.

Stuart, J. E. B., major general Confederate States Army,
praises fighting of 11th and 12th Ohio, at Bull Run bridge;
learns of Cox's transfer from West Virginia to Washington on day
he left Parkersburg;
at the Monocacy;
covers movements of Lee's army in Maryland;
at South Mountain;
at Antietam;
ride around McClellan's army arouses false ambition in cavalry

Sturgis, Samuel D., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding division in 9th army corps;
at South Mountain;
first position at Antietam;
carries Burnside bridge;
on the left before Sharpsburg;
in pursuit of Morgan raiders;
commands cavalry, corps in E. Tennessee;
skirmish at Mossy Creek;
"takes a toddy";
at Sevierville;
reports hopeless condition of roads;
sent to Memphis to operate against Forrest.

Summers, Geo.,
ex-M. C. and prominent citizen of West Virginia;
compelled by force and imprisonment to take oath of allegiance to
offers to take oath of allegiance to U. S.

Sumner, Edwin V., major general United States Volunteers,
commands left wing (2nd and 12th Corps) in Antietam campaign;
none of his command in 2nd battle of Bull Run;
placed in centre at Antietam;
his corps ordered to support Hooker;
left practically without command;
misconception of Hooker's position;
died March 21, 1863.

Supplies for army in Chattanooga,
how forwarded;
for Sherman's army, arrangements for forwarding.

Susini, famous basso,
helps celebrate fall of Vicksburg.

Swain, David L., ex-Governor of North Carolina,
in Vance's peace delegation to Sherman;

Swinton, Wm., newspaper correspondent,
threatens and proceeds to "write Cox down"; inconsistency exposed.

Taylor, Geo. W., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
fatally wounded at Bull Run bridge.

Taylor, Richard, lieutenant general Confederate States Army,
orders Forrest to raid Western Tennessee;
informs Beauregard of reinforcements moving to Thomas;
offers to send all of Hood's army, except French's division, to

Temple, O. P., Chancellor, Knoxville, Tennessee,
author of "East Tennessee and the Civil War".

preferable to houses for army officers.

Terry, Alfred H., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
captures Ft. Fisher;
at Federal Point;
unable to force Hoke's position opposite Town Creek;
enters Wilmington after Cox's flanking movement compels
follows Bragg northward;
assigned to command new corps designated as the 10th;
on march to Raleigh;
commands central district of North Carolina

Test Oaths, little value of;
illustrated by case of Summers.

Thirteenth Amendment to U.S. Constitution, abolishing slavery,
ratified by requisite number of States.

Thomas, Geo. H., major general United States Volunteers,
reasons for opposing Rosecrans' advance in Tennessee;
saves day at Chickamauga;
succeeds Rosecrans in command of Army of the Cumberland;
House resolution of thanks;
at Chattanooga;
sends part of his own supplies to army in E. Tennessee;
commands centre of Sherman's army in Atlanta campaign;
personal appearance and characteristics;
cordial relations with Sherman;
at Tunnel Hill and Dalton;
at Resaca;
from Resaca to Kingston;
changes Hooker's line of march so as to interfere with Schofield;
supports Hooker at New Hope Church;
suggests necessity of contracting and strengthening lines about
visits Cox's position south of Olley's Creek;
follows up Johnston's retreat from Marietta vigorously;
at Peachtree Creek;
at Jonesboro;
warned to protect Chattanooga and Bridgeport;
advises Sherman to turn Wilson loose;
reinforced and put in command of all forces not taken by Sherman;
cheerful over prospects;
disturbed by Forrest's raid;
does not concentrate rapidly; reinforcements delayed;
wrong impression as to Hood's intentions;
at battle of Nashville;
prizes in battle and in pursuit of Hood;
proposes going into winter quarters;
ordered to send 23d army corps to Grant;
urges promotion of General Cox;
personal movements in Tennessee;
mental suffering under unjust criticism.

Thomas, Minor T., colonel 8th Minn.,
commanding brig, in Ruger's division at battle of Kinston.

Thompson, M. Jeff., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
prisoner at Johnson's Island.

Tillson, Davis, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding post at Covington, Kentucky;
commanding heavy artillery at Knoxville.

Tod, David,
Governor of Ohio;
bewails system of military appointments;
warns persons resisting the draft to desist;
calls out militia to oppose Morgan;
advised of Hamilton Co. sheriff's attempt to arrest U. S.
calls out militia to defeat plots to release confederate

Toland, J. P., lieutenant colonel 34th Ohio.

Tompkins, C. Q., colonel Confederate States Army,
ex-U. S. officer;
home near Gauley;
courteous treatment of family;
residence of, used as headquarters by Rosecrans.

Toombs, Robt., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Antietam.

Tourtelotte, John E., colonel 4th Minn.,
commanding brig, at Allatoona.

Town Creek, North Carolina,
confederate position at, captured by General Cox with two guns and
400 prisoners.

Townsend, E. D., adjutant general U. S. A.,
anecdotes of Stanton;
in charge of funeral escort of Lincoln's body.

Tracy, Edw. E., lieutenant 104th Ohio,
aide-de-camp on General Cox's staff;
wounded at Utoy Creek;
appointed Governor of Dayton Soldiers' Home;
personal appearance and characteristics;
reconnoissance with Claassen's brigade at Kinston.

Transfers of officers from one army to another not generally good

Treasonable practices,
President's proclamation against;
Burnside's order No. 38;
Burbridge's order No. 42;
practically annulled.

Treat, Richard B.,
brigadier quartermaster on General Cox's staff;
adjutant general;
transferred to Stoneman's staff.

Trimble, Isaac R., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Antietam.

Tunnel Hill, Georgia;
view of confederate position at Dalton, from.

Turchin, John B., colonel 19th Ill.,
sentenced to be dismissed Aug. 6, 1862;
appointed brigadier general Aug. 5, 1862, and confirmed;
opinion as to expediency of Rosecrans' advance;
at Chattanooga.

Twining, Wm. J.,
captain eng. and aide-de-camp on Schofield's staff, takes message
to Sherman.

Tyler, Erastus B.,
colonel 7th Ohio;
surprised at Cross Lanes.

Upham, Chas. L., colonel 15th Conn.,
commanding brig, in Carter's division at battle of Kinston;
cut off from rest of division and routed by Hoke;
losses at Kinston.

Upton's Hill,
fortified for defence of Washington;
occupied by General Cox.

Upton's Manual,
an improvement on the book previously studied at West Point.

Vallandigham, Clement L.,
sensational case of;
character and views;
speech at Mountain Vernon, Ohio;
arrested by Burnside;
tried before military commission;
convicted and sentenced to confinement in Ft. Warren;
application for _habeas corpus_ refused;
sentence commuted by Lincoln to expulsion beyond our lines;
incites Holmes Co. to resist the draft;
application to U. S. Supreme Court to annul sentence denied;
nominated for Governor of Ohio and overwhelmingly defeated.

Van Buren, James L., major and aide-de-camp on Burnside's staff,
leaves E. Tennessee

Vance, John L., captain 4th West Virginia

Vance, Zebulon, Governor of North Carolina,
issues proclamation calling for final rally to repel invaders;
makes overtures to Sherman to end war;
loses confidence and leaves Raleigh;
Davis orders arrest of his peace commanders;
invited by Sherman to return to Raleigh;

Van Cleve, Horatio P., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
opinion against expediency of Rosecrans' advance;
at Chickamauga.

Van Dorn, Earl, major general Confederate States Army,
captures Coburn's brigade near Franklin, Tennessee

Vicksburg, news of surrender,
how received in Cincinnati.

passes ordinance of secession;
admitted to confederacy;
topography of.

Virginia Troops,
22nd, largely composed of young men from Charleston West Virginia;
44th, at Beverly, West Virginia;
8th Cavalry

high character and spirit of;
superior to recruits for regular army;
many volunteer regiments not excelled in drill by regulars;
methods of discipline necessarily milder;
after a year's service, superior in everything that gives
assurance of victory in battle;
in 1862 as well fitted for their work as any army in the world;
so said Grant and Sherman;
many need not have shunned competitive examination with regulars
in studies pursued at West Point.

Volunteer Officers,
at first elected by militia;
afterwards appointed by Governor;
necessity for sifting;
military aptitude often wanting in men brave and intelligent;
fitness in subordinate position not always proof of capacity for
high command;
ignorance of tactics and regulations seldom overcome by men of
advanced age;
business training helpful to;
rapid advance of many young volunteers;
peers of any officers of their grade in regular army or any other;
value of West Point training before the war exaggerated;
comparative merits and defects of regular army officers;
costly conservatism of regular officers and prejudice against
improved weapons;
distinction between volunteers and regulars should have been
abolished, and officers promoted on their merits.

Von Blessingh, Louis,
lieutenant colonel 37th Ohio.

Von Borke, Heros, major on staff of J. E. B. Stuart,
amusing report of.

Von Moltke favors giving largest discretion to subordinates on
detached service.

Wade, Hon. Benj. F., Sen. from Ohio,
opposes re-election of Lincoln;
"Wade-Davis Manifesto."

Wagner, Geo. D., brigadier general commanding division in 4th army
reports to General Cox.

Wagner, O. G., lieutenant of eng.,
superintends fortifications at Gauley;
modest young man of great promise, killed at Yorktown.

Walker, Henry H., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
protects Davis and cabinet at Danville, Virginia

Walker, John G., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Harper's Ferry;
at Antietam.

Walthall, E. C., major general Confederate States Army,
commands rear-guard on Hood's retreat from Nashville;
destroys bridges and obstructs roads;
commands Stewart's corps at battle of Kinston;
forces of, at Kinston.

at time of General Cox's arrival with Kanawha division;
defences of;
country about;
McClellan in charge of defence;
necessity for covering and defending prevented full adoption of
McClellan's plans.

Watson, P. H., Assistant Secretary of War.

Way, Wm. B., major 9th Michigan Cavalry,
in Morgan raid.

Webb, Alex. S., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
estimate of Lee's forces in seven days' battles.

Weitzel, Godfrey, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
major general at Richmond, Virginia

Welker, Hon. Martin, M. C. from Wayne Co., Ohio,
urges arrest of Vallandigham followers;
appointed judge of U. S. District Court N. District of Ohio.

Wells, Henry W.,
major and chief of artillery on General Cox's staff;
rough march over mountain road to carry information to Sherman.

Welsh, Thos., colonel 45th Pennsylvania,
commanding brigade at South Mountain;
at Antietam;
returns from Vicksburg with 9th army corps, and dies of malarial

West Point Academy,
course limited before the war;
requirements for admission, common country school education;
graduates of, equal to sophomores in leading colleges;
no instruction in strategy or grand tactics;
little French;
mental furnishing for field work not superior to that of any
well-educated man;
physical training and drill, good;
but no opportunity for most to exercise command;
battalion evolutions the highest known;
graduates of, not fitted--by their course alone--for high command.

West Virginia,
importance of occupying;
map of;
loyalty to Union;
mountain regions impracticable for military operations on large
sentiment of leading families divided;
bitter feeling between Union men and secessionists;
intensified by Loring's invasion;
attached to District of Maryland

West Virginia Troops,
in general;
1st and 2nd;
and Cavalry;
Daum's battery

Wharton, Gabriel C., colonel commanding brigadier Confederate States
in West Virginia;
repulsed at Pack's Ferry;
in pursuit of Lightburn.

Wheeler, Jos., major general Confederate States Army,
authorizes Morgan's raid into Kentucky;
in E. Tennessee;
at Tunnel Hill and Dug Gap;
defeats McCook and captures Col. La Grange;
forces of, reduced from 8000 to 1000 after raid in rear of
Sherman's army;
relied on to cover Hood's movement into Tennessee;
informs Hood of Sherman's rumored march to the sea;
complaints of his inefficiency;
included in Johnston's capitulation;
captured when trying to escape.

Wherry, Wm. M.,
colonel and aide-de-camp on Schofield's staff;
brigadier general in war with Spain.

White, Carr B., lieutenant colonel 12th Ohio,
in Kanawha valley;
in Kanawha division;
at South Mountain

White, Julius, brig, general,
expedition into West Virginia;
pursues Morgan raiders;
succeeds Manson in command and division 23d army corps;
in E. Tennessee

Whitford, John N., colonel commanding brigade Confederate States
at Kinston.

Whiting, W. H. C., major general Confederate States Army,
at South Mountain

Whittier, John G.,
his poem "The River Path," recalled at Gauley.

Whittlesey, Chas.,
colonel and eng. on Cox's staff;
appointed colonel of 20th Ohio.

Willcox, Orlando B., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
reports to General Cox at South Mountain;
first position at Antietam;
at Burnside bridge;
on heights near Sharpsburg;
commands District of Indiana, returns to 9th army corps, with new
division of Indiana troops;
goes to Cumberland Gap;
to Morristown;
posted at Greeneville;
at Cumberland Gap and vicinity.

Williams, Alpheus S., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
succeeds to command of 12th army corps on death of Mansfield;
at Antietam.

Williams, John S., colonel 5th Kentucky, commanding brigadier
Confederate States Army,
at Princeton, West Virginia;
pursues Lightburn down the Kanawha.

Williams, Seth, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
assistant adjutant-general on McClellan's staff;
afterwards served on Burnside's staff.

Willich, August,
adjutant 9th Ohio;
commands Wood's division on march to Dandridge;
commands rear-guard on retreat from D.

Wilmington, North Carolina,
importance of, as base of supplies for Sherman's army;
General Cox compels evacuation of.

Wilson, Hon. Henry, Sen. from Massachusetts, chairman committee on
Military Affairs,
offers resolution questioning power of President to appoint
additional major and brigadier generals.

Wilson, Jas. H., colonel on Grant's staff,
sent to Knoxville to consult with Burnside;
reports to Grant;
sent to be chief of cavalry for Sherman;
deceived as to Hood's intentions;
at battle of Nashville;
operating in Georgia;
captures Jeff. Davis.

Winter Quarters,
in E. Tennessee

Wisconsin Troops,
6th Infantry;
22nd Infantry;
1st Cavalry

Wise, Henry A., ex-Governor of Virginia,
invades Kanawha valley;
forces of, opposing General Cox;
retreats beyond Gauley;
forces of, not well handled;
ludicrous contrast between promise and performance;
joined by General Floyd;
fails to co-operate with Floyd;
repulsed at Pig Creek;
retreats beyond Hawk's Nest;
and Big Sewell Mountain;
quarrels with Floyd, ordered to report to Richmond.

Wofford, Wm. T., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
assaults Ft. Sanders.

Wolf Creek, West Virginia,
affair at.

Wolford, Frank, colonel 1st Kentucky Cavalry,
famous command "Huddle on the hill, boys";
pursues Morgan raiders;
commands ind. cavalry brigade;
defeated near Loudon.

Wood, Thos. J., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
advises against Rosecrans' advance in Tennessee;
at Chickamauga;
at Missionary Ridge;
in pursuit of Longstreet;
at Rutledge;
character of;
explanation of error at Chickamanga;
returns to Army of the Cumberland;
dissatisfied with Couch's assignment to 4th army corps;
at battle of Nashville;
supports cavalry in pursuit of Hood;
to winter at Huntsville, Alabama

Woodruff, W. E., colonel 2nd Kentucky,
captured outside the lines at Scary Creek

Woodward, E. W.,
suerintendent Little Miami railroad

Woodworth, Dr. M. C.,
surgeon at Johnson's Island.

Worthington, Thos.,
publishes abridgment of Hardee's Tactics;
furnishes waterworks for Camp Dennison;
irascible temper.

sensation produced by bullet.

Wright, Elias, lieutenant 4th N. J.,
reports ten men to Scammon at Bull Run bridge.

Wright, Horatio G., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding Department of the Ohio;
description of;
plan of West Virginia campaign;
appointed major general, and fails of confirmation;
suppresses disloyal newspapers.

Wright, W. W.,
constructing engineer Nash. and Chatt. railroad;
ordered east with view to joining Sherman at Savannah;
sent to North Carolina, to rebuild New Berne and Goldsborough
rapid work;
bridging Neuse River;
completes railroad to Goldsborough.

Book of the day:
Facebook Google Reddit StumbleUpon Twitter Pinterest