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Medieval People by Eileen Edna Power

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Brenner Pass, 40
Brescia, Albertano de, 99
Breten, Will, 137
Brews, Margery, 125-6
Bridge, John, 119
Briggs, Henry, 169
Brightlingsea, 140
Brinkley, 135
Brittany, 147
Broadway, Whyte of, 137
_Brogger_, 137
Bruges, 121, 122, 145, 147, 178
Bruyant, Jean, 100
Bucephalus, 54
Buddha, 59
Bullinger, Henry, 165
Burgundy, Dukes of, 114, 148
Burma, 57, 67
Bury, 15
Busshe, John, 137
Buxton: Charles, Isaac, Samuel, Thomas, William, 197;
Mr Noel, 195
Byzantium, _see_ Constantinople

Caffa, 42
Calais, 121, 125, 137, 138, 139, 140,
142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148,
150, 200
Cambaluc (see Peking), 57, 59, 60,
61, 67
Cambrensis, Giraldus, 176
Canale, Martino da, 43-5, 48, 50, 177,
179, 180
Candia, 42
Canterbury, 74
_Canterbury Tales_, 74, 75, 91, 183, 186
Canton, 70
Ca' Polo, 62, 63
Carrara, Francesco, 179
Carsy, Anthony, 149
Caspian Sea, 40, 54
Cassiodorus, 39, 180
Castro, Diego da, 149
Cathay (_see also_ China), 47, 50, 58,
70, 71, 72, 178
Caucasus, 49, 180
Cely: family of wood merchants,
137-47 _passim_; George, 125, 137,
138, 142, 147; Richard, 125, 137,
138, 142; William, 125, 138, 142,
149
_Cely papers_, 125, 137, 142, 145, 147,
148, 189
Ceylon, 43, 47, 61, 70
Chagatai, Khan of, 51
Chao Meng-fu, 59, 182, 198
Chao Yung, 59
Charlemagne, 2, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27,
30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 74, 176
Charms (_see also_ superstition), 27-9,
100, 116, 175
Chatelet, 100
Chaucer, 26, 43, 74, 75, 81, 88, 89,
90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 99, 104, 112,
119, 138, 142, 148, 152, 183
Chelmsford, 168
Chesne, Jean du, 114
_Chichevache_, 104
Chi'en Hsuean, 59
Child-marriages, 126-7, 190
Chilperic, King, 2, 13
Chilterns, 125
China (_see also_ Cathay), 43, 46-50,
52, 57-61, 66, 67-70, 178, 180, 181
Chioggia, War of, 179
Church, attitude to: child marriages,
126, 190; convent pets, 91; dancing,
30, 31, 88; decline of Roman
Empire, 9; monastic intercourse
with the world, 92, 93; nuns'
dowries, 78; superstition, 28, 29,
30; attack on worldliness of, 74;
bequests to (_see also_ Wills), 151,
168; brasses in, _see_ brasses;
councils of, 174
Churches of: Barking, All Hallows,
123,151; Beauchamp St Pauls, 168;
Bradwell, 168; Calais, Our Lady,
151; Chipping Campden, 123;
Chipping Norton, 123; Cirencester,
123, 157; Clare, 164, 168;
Coggeshall, St Peter ad Vincula,
157, 159, 168, 172, 195; Constantinople,
St Sophia, 41; East Anglia,
159; Lechlade, 123; London, St
Olave's, 124; Linwood, 123, 190;
Markswell, 168; Newbury, 163;
Newland, 157; Northleach, 136,
157; Ovington, 168; Pattiswick,
168; Peking, 71; Poslingford, 168;
Stoke Nayland, 168; Venice, St
Mark's, 41, 44, 46, 60, 66, 179
Cipangu (Japan), 72, 183
Cistercian, Citeaux, 83, 136
Clare, 154, 164, 168, 178
Clarke, Thomas, 144
Cloth, _see_ Chapter VII _passim_, 195;
capitalism in industry, 164; Coxall's
whites, 178, 197; growth of
English manufacture of, 122-3;
makers of, 120, 161; merchants of,
_see_ Merchants, Paycocke, Staple;
processes in manufacture, 153, 154,
161, 164; where made, 122-3, 154,
155
Cochin China, 57, 67
Coggeshall, _see_ Chapter VII _passim_,
154, 155, 159, 160, 164, 166, 167,
168, 169, 170, 172
Coinage, debasement and rates of
exchange of, 148
Coins: crown, new and old, of
France, 148; David, of Utrecht,
148; Falewe, of Utrecht, 148;
florin, Rhenau, 148; groat,
Carolus, Hettinus, Limburg, of
Milan, of Nimueguen, 148, 149;
Venetian, 48; guilder, Andrew
(of Scotland), Arnoldus (of Gueldres)
Rhenish, 148, 149; Lewe,
Louis d'or, 148; noble, 148;
Philippus (Philipe d'or) of Brabant,
148; Plaques, of Utrecht,
148; Postlate, 148; Rider, Scots, of
Burgundy, 148; Ryall, English,
148; Setiller, 148
Colchester, 140, 154, 168
Cold Mart, 147, 193
Coleridge, 57
Colne, curate of, 127
Cologne, 148
_Coloni_, 21-2
Columbina, The (Seville), 183
Columbus, 71, 183
Company: East India ('John Company'),
156; Fishmongers, 150;
Haberdashers, 151; Mercers, 149;
Merchant Adventurers, 122; Staplers.
Chapter VI _passim_
Compline, 79, 82
_Consrater_, 168
Constantinople (_see_ Byzantium), 41,
42, 46, 50, 51, 62
Convent, _see_ Nunneries
Cookery, Medieval, 100, 112-17, 186
Corea, 49
_Corte Milioni_, 63
Cotswolds, 123, 125, 129, 136, 137,
138, 145, 147, 150
Cotton, Ann, 166
Court Rolls, 26
Coverdale, 165
Coxall, _see_ Coggeshall
_Coxall's Whites_, 178, 197
Crimea, 42, 50
Croke, Mistress, 129
Crusader, Crusades, 41, 157

Dalmatia, 41, 42
Dalton, William, 141, 144
Damaghan, 180
Dancing: at clothier's wedding, 165;
Church's attitude to, 30, 31, 88;
in churchyard, 30, 31; of dancers
of Koelbigk, 30, 176; of nun at
Northampton, 93
Dandolo, Doge, Enrico, 41
Danube, River, 49
Danyell, John, 141
Dardanelles, 40
Dean, Forest of, 157
Decasoun, Benynge, 149
Dedham, 154
Defoe, 152, 167
Defuye, Gabriel, 149
Deloney, Thomas, 160, 163-4, 165,
167, 195
Delowppys, John, 149
Denys, St, Abbey of, 36; fair of, 36,
37
Destermer, John, 137
Dogs, 33, 90, 91, 103, 117, 147, 156
Dogaressa, 45
Doges, 42, 44-6, 63, 179
Dolman, Thomas, 161
_Domesday Book_, 20
Dominic, Dominican, 53, 66
Don, River, 180
Donata, _see_ Polo
Doria, Lamba, 63

Edith, St, 176
Edward II, 75
Edward III, 19, 75
Eglentyne, Madame (_see_ Chapter IV
_passim_), _see also_ Nunnery, Prioress
Egypt, 40, 42
Einhard, 31, 32, 33, 174, 175
Elias, Master, 114, 116
Elizabeth, Queen, 120
Elmes, John, of Henley, 137, 156
England, 40, 121, 122, 123, 147, 152,
153, 155, 163
Ermentrude, wife of Bodo, 24-38,
175
Ermoin, 24
Eryke, Robert, 143
Essex, 140, 154, 168, 172, 197
Euric, King, 10
Ewen, Robert, 142
Exchange, rates of, 148-9
Exeter: Bishop of, 75, 184; Canons
of, 82

Fairs, 36, 37, 147, 193. _See_ Marts
Fantina, _see_ Polo
Felmersham, wife of, 87
Fisc, 20
Flanders, 40, 121, 122, 123, 139, 142,
145, 150, 178
Flemings, 138, 145, 146, 147
Flodden Field, 163
Florence, 71, 145
Fo-Kien, 58
_Fondaco_, 71
Fortey: John, 123; Thomas, 123
Fortunatus, 12 ff
Frambert, 24
France, French, 40, 42, 50, 78, 79,
108; _see also_ Gaul
Franciscan: convents, 71; friars, 49,
70, 71; nuns, 129; tertiaries, 107
Franks, 12 ff, 27
Fredegond, 13
Friars: Austin, 93; of Chelmsford,
168; of Clare, 168; Crutched, of
Colchester, 168; Franciscan, 49,
50; of Maldon, 168; of Sudbury,
168
Frisia, 37
Fuller, Thomas, 154, 162
Fyldes, Welther, 141

Gallo-Roman civilization, 5 ff
Games, medieval, 168, 187
Gall, Monk of St, 32, 33, 174, 176
Gascon, 147
Gaul, 5 ff
Genoa, 42, 63, 64, 145, 149, 179, 182
Georgia, 49
Germain des Pres, Abbey of, 19-23,
27-8, 174
Germans, Germany, 2, 4, 5, 7, 14, 40,
42
Gerbert, 23, 33
Ghent, 122
Gibraltar, 40
Gilds (_see also_ Companies); procession
of, at Venice, 45, 48;
restrictions of, 153
Gloucestershire, 136
Gobi, Desert of, 55
Goes, Benedict, 54
Golconda, 43
Golden Horde, 49, 50
Gooday (Coggeshall family), 159,
166
Goths, 7, 8
Gower, 123, 144, 190
Graunger, Thomas, 141, 144
Greece, 42
Gregory X, 53
Gregory of Tours, 12 ff
Greve, Place de, 114
Grevel (Greville) William, 123
Griselda, 100, 104, 105, 118, 119
Groat (_see_ Coins), 48, 123, 148, 149
Guelder, Guilder, Gulden (_see_ coins),
123, 148, 149
Guntrum, King, 13

Hainault, Philippa of, 75
Halitgart, 175
Halstead, 154
Hangchow (_see also_ Kinsai), 45-8,
57, 61, 70, 71, 180
Hansard, 147
Haroun el Raschid, 33
Hautecourt, wedding of, 114
Hedin, Sven, 67
Henham, Thomas, 135, 140, 143, 145,
151
Henley, _see_ Elmes, John
Henry VIII, 93, 120, 148
_Heptameron_, 187
Hildegard, 23, 24
Hiwen Thsang, 67
Hoangho, River, 47
Holake, _see_ Howlake
Holme, _see_ Barton, John
Holy Roman Emperor, 40, 42
Hormuz, 54
Horrold: Margaret, 166; Thomas, 166
House of Lords, 120
Howlake, Thomas, 140, 145
_Hugh, St, Tale of_, 94
Hull, 140, 141
Hun, 8, 49
Hungarian, 42, 49
Hundred Years War, 19, 155
Huntington, Ellsworth, 67

India, 47, 54, 57, 61, 70
Indian Ocean, 54
Indies, 43, 47
Indo-China, 43, 47, 49
Inns: the 'Dragon' (Coggeshall),
170; the 'Fleece' (Coggeshall),
154; the 'Tabard' (Southwark), 78;
the 'Woolpack' (Coggeshall),
154
Ipswich, 143
Irminon, Abbot of St Germain des
Pres, Estate book of, 19-25, 26, 28,
174
Islam, 71
Isomachus, 96, 97
Italy, Italian, 70; _see also_ Florence,
Genoa, Venice, etc.

Jamui, Queen of Kublai Khan, 61
Japan, 67
Java, 49, 67
Jerusalem, 41, 53
Jews, 13, 37
Johnson, Doctor, 156
Judea, 37
Julian the Apostate, 2, 7
Justices, itinerant, 35, 36

Karakorum, 50, 57
Kashgar, 54
Kerman, 54
Khan: of Central Asia, 50; of Kipchak,
51; of Persia, 51, 52, (_see also_
Mangu, Kublai)
Khorassan, 54
Khotan, 54, 67
Kinsai (_see also_ Hangchow), 45-8,
57, 59, 181
Kipchak, 51, 61
Koelbigk, dancers of, 30, 176
Kuan, 59
Kublai Khan, 52, 53, 56, 57, 59, 60,
61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 71
Lagny, Abbot of, 114
Lajazzo, 54
Lamberton, _see_ Turbot, Robert
Lancaster, Thomas of, 75
Langland, 26, 118
Laos, 67
Lauds, 79
Leadenhall, 140
Letters, _see_ Cely, Paston, Plumpton,
Stonor
Levant, 40, 42, 47, 48
_Libelle of Englyshe Policye_, 146, 189
Lincoln, 77, 89
Linwood, 123, 190
Lob, lake, 54
Lokyngton, John, 141
Lollington, John, 136, 141
Lombard, Peter, 119
Lombards, the, 42, 138, 139, 149
Lombard Street, 149
Lombardy, 37
London, 123, 129, 130, 137, 138, 140,
141, 142, 143, 149
Louens, Renault de, 99
Louis, St, 36; the Pious, 30, 31
Louvain, 147
Lucca, 147
Lucolongo, Peter, of 71
Ludgater, Robert, 197
Lyndeshay, 137
Lyndwood (Lyndewode): John, 123,
190; William, 126
Lyndys, William, 141
Lynn, 156, 159
Lyons, 10

Madagascar, 43, 70
Maidstone, 140, 141, 142
Major, _see_ Steward
Malabar, 43, 47, 57
Maldon, 168
Manchuria, 49
Manji, 43, 61
Mangu Khan, 49
Mann, John, 170
Manor, _see_ Bodo, 150
Manse, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25
Mansi. _See_ Manji
Marcus Aurelius, 2, 3, 4
Marignolli, John, 70
Marino Faliero, 63
Mark Lane, 140, 150
Markshall, 168
Marmora, Sea of, 42
Marts, 147, 150, 193. _See_ Fairs
Mass, 44, 71, 80, 99, 117
Matins, 79, 82
Mechlin, 122
Mediterranean, 15, 42, 43
Medway, 140, 142
'Meg', a hawk, 138
Melaria, 64
_Melibeus and Prudence_, 99, 186
Menagier de Paris, Chap. V _passim_
127, 185; on accounts, 188; on
cookery, 100, 112, 113, 114, 115,
116, 186; on deportment, 99, 102-3,
116; on duty to husband, 99,
101, 103-7, 118; on extermination
of insects, in, 112; on games, 101,
117, 187; on garments and household
linen, 98, 99, 102, 111, 112,
117, 188; on management of farm,
100; on servants, 100, 102, 107-111,
114, 115, 117, 118; on wife's
second marriage, 98, 114
Mercers, 149
Merchant Adventurers, 122, 193
Merchant: Arab, 47; Chinese, 46, 47,
58, 71; English, _see_ Betson, Company
Merchant Adventurers, Paycocke,
Staple; Indian, 47; Italian,
149; Roman, 1 ff; Spanish, 149;
Venetian, _see_ Venice, trade of,
marks of, 153, 157, 158, 159; repair
of roads by, 169
Merovingian, 13
Meung, Jean de, 99
Middleburgh, 142
Middle classes: growth of, 158;
houses of, 158, 159; menagier as
type of, 158
Midwinter, William, 136, 137
Milhall, 140
Milton, 140
Minoresses, 129
Minstrels, 31, 32, 38
_Missi dominici, see_ Justices
Money, _see_ Coins
Mongol, 58, 60, 178, 182
Mongolia, 49, 55, 57, 67
Monte Corvino, John of, 70
Montfort, Simon de, 75
More, Lewis, 149
Moreta. _See_ Polo
Moslem, 42, 49
Mosul, 54
_Myroure of Our Ladye_, 83, 185
Navarre, Margaret of, 187
Navy: Genoese, 42, 63; Vandal, 15;
Venetian, 45, 64
Nestorian, 49, 182
Netherlands, 122, 123, 152
Newark, 138
Newbury, 161; Jack of (John Winchcomb),
152, 162, 163-4, 195
Newhithe, 141
Nicobar, 70
Nile, 40
None, 79
Norman, Normandy, 155
Northampton, 93, 141
Northleach, 123, 136, 137, 138
Norwich, 154

Nunneries, Chap. IV _passim_, and
129, 184; of Minoresses, 129; at
Stainfield, 82; of Syon, 83; of
Wilton, 176; bishops' visits to, 76-8;
Chaucer's sources for study of,
74; dissolution of, 78, 93; fashions
in, 88, 89; management of, 85-7;
mentioned in wills, 157; paying
guests in, 87, 91; pets in, 90, 91;
schoolgirls in, 80, 92; silence hours
in, 80; sources for study of, 184
Nuns (_see_ Eglentyne, Nunneries,
Prioress, Chap. IV _passim_), 200;
clothes of, 88, 89; complaints of,
to bishop, 76-8, 85, 92; dowries of,
78-9; intercourse of, with the
world, 92-4; meals of, 79; offices
of, 79; periods of silence of, 80;
pets of, 90, 91; recreations of, 88;
work of, 80

Orewelle (Orwell), 142
Orleans, Bishop of, 35
Orosius, 9
Ovington, 169, 170
Ovis Poli, 54
Oxbridge, Goddard, 140
Oxus, River, 51, 54

Paris, 23, 36, 73, 100, 107, 108, 114
Parliament, 190
_Pask_ (Pasche) Mart, 147, 193
Paston, John, 126; Letters, 125, 190
Pattiswick, 168
Paulinus, St, of Nela, 5
Paycocke: Emma, 166; John, 157,
165; John, jun., 166; Margaret,
165, 166; Robert, 166; Robert,
jun., 166; Thomas, jun., 157;
Thomas, Chap. VII _passim, see
also_ Cloth; bequests of, 168,
_see_ Will of; brasses of family of,
157, 195; burial ceremonies of,
171-2; character of, 167; child of,
166, 171; _consrater_ of Crutched
Friars, 168; death of, 166, 171;
friends of, 168; house of, 156, 158,
165, 170, 195, 200; merchant mark
of, 158, 159; repairs roads, 169;
second wife of, 166, 169, 171;
wedding of, 165; will of, 157, 158,
159, 166, 167, 168, 169, 195, 196
Pegolotti, Francis Balducci, 71
Peking (_see also_ Cambaluc, China,
Polo), 49, 57, 60, 71; ambassadors
sent to, 60; Archbishop of, 70;
description of, by Oderic of Pordenone,
70; papal legate, to, 70;
Tartar rule in, 49
Pembroke, William, Earl of, 99
Perpendicular architecture, 152, 155,
159
Perpoint, Thomas, 161
Persia, 40, 42, 49, 51, 54, 61, 67
Peter the Tartar, 66
Petrarch, 100, 179, 180
Piacenza, Tebaldo di, 53
Pian da Carpine (_see_ Piano Carpini)
Pierre an Lait, 114
_Piers Plowman_, 84, 169
Pilgrims' Way, 140
Piano Carpini, John of, 50, 181
_Pleasant History of Jack of Newbury_,
162, 195
Plumpton Letters, 190
Polo:
Bellela, Donata, Fantina, Moreta,
65
Maffeo, 50-7
Marco, _see_ Chap. Ill _passim_, 177,
Kublai Khan; attendant on
Khan, 55; book of, 54 ff, 63,
67, 185, 198; death of, 66; departure
from China of, 60;
father of (_see_ Maffeo), 50-75;
governor of Yangchow, 57,
182; interest in Tartars, 48-50;
journeys of, 54-62, 181; mention
of, in Venetian records,
65; nicknamed _Il Milione_, 63;
prisoner of Genoese, 64-5;
released by Genoese, 65; return
to Venice of, 62; sent on
mission by Khan, 57; stories
of, about Khan, 64-6; uncle of,
50-7, 181; wife and family,
65
Nicolo, 50-71
_Polyptychum_, 174
Pope, 40, 41, 50, 52, 53, 70, 93
Pordenone, Ordoric of, 58, 70, 180
Porte-de-Paris, 114
Prester John, 49, 181
Prioress, _see_ Eglentyne, Nunneries,
Nuns, Chap. IV _passim_, 183;
in bishop's registers, 74-8; clothes
of, 88, 89, 90; complaints by nuns
of, 76-8, 85, 92; entertainment of
visitors by, 86, 87; intercourse of,
with world, 92, 93-4; pets of, 90,
91; treatment of nuns by, 84; work
of, 85, 86, 87, 92
Prime, 79
Prologue: of _Canterbury Tales_, 73-4,
89, 94, 95, 113, 130, 142, 186; of
Menagier de Paris, 97

Quentin, la'Quentine, Jehanne, 105,
187
Quincey, de, 26, 175

Rade, Daniel and Peter van de, 145
Ragenold, 24
Rainham, 140, 141
Ramsbotham, Elizabeth, 127
Ramusio, 62, 182
Raynold, John, 149
Reading, Thomas of, 152, 195
Reformation, 30, 170
Remy, Saint, 147
Renault de Louens, 99
Revolution, Industrial, 120, 154, 120
Reyner, 169
Rialto, 43, 64
Ricimer, 8
Riche: Anne, 130; Elizabeth, 125,
_see_ Stoner, Elizabeth, Jane, 131
135; Katherine, 126-33, 140, 150,
151
Rigmarden, John, 127
Roman: civilization, 2; Emperor
1-17; villa, 3, 6, 155

_Roman de la Rose_, 99
Rome, Chap. I _passim_, 46, 87, 155
Roman Empire, 1-17, 27, 42, 155
decline of, 1-17; reasons for disintegration
of, 14-17; trade of, 1 ff?
Romsey Abbey, 91
Rotherhithe, 140
Rouen, 37
_Round Table_, 32, 65
Rubruck, William of, 50, 54, 181
Rumania, 42
Rumney wine, 131
Russell, Richard, 137
Russia, 42, 49
Rusticiano, 64, 65, 182

Salvian of Marseilles, 8
St Gothard Pass, 40
St Sophia, 42
Saleby, Grace de, 127
Samarcand, 50
Sanly, Peter, 149
Sandwich, 143
Sext, 79
Shalford, 154
Shandu, Xanadu, 57
Shansi, 56, 59
Shensi, 47, 56
Ships, 136, 140, 142, 143, 192;
masters of, 141, 142; names of,
136, 141-3
Siam, 67
Siberia, 49, 70
Sicily, 42
Sidonius Apollinaris, 5, 8 ff; and his
villa, 9; and siege of Clermont,
10 ff
Socrates, 96
_Sohrab and Rustum_, 51
Soldaia, 50
Somerset House, 150, 155
Sordyvale, William, 134
Spain, Spaniards, Spanish, 37, 122
spices, 47, 48
Spice Islands, 70
Spooner, Thomas, 170
Stainfield, 82
Stamford, 144
Staple, Chap. VI _passim, see_ Betson,
merchant; banking facilities of,
148; benefits of, 121, 122; brasses
of merchants of, 123, 156; business
of merchants of, 120-51;
competition of, with Merchant
Adventurers, 122; history of company
of, 189; location of, 121;
Merchants of the, Chap. VI
_passim_; organization of, 121;
regulations of, 121, 139, 140, 144,
145; wills of merchants of, 123;
_see also_ Betson, Wills
Starkey, Humphrey, 134
Stein, Sir Aurel, 67
Stepney, 135
Steward: Charlemagne's instructions
to, 19, 22, 24, 36; Master John the,
100, 108-9, 115-16; of Villaris, 20,
21, 22-4
Stoke Nayland, 168
Stonor: Dame Elizabeth, 129, 130
131, 132, 133, 135; Humphrey,
160; Letters, 125, 136, 145, 189;
Sir William, 125, 129-30, 134, 136, 145
Strabant, Gynott, 149
Stratford-Atte-Bowe, 73, 78
Strossy, Marcy, 149
Suchow, Sugui, 48, 51, 64
Sudbury, 154
Suffolk, 153
Sugui, _see_ Suchow
Sumatra, 61, 63, 67
Sung dynasty, 46, 59, 61
Superstition (_see_ Charms), 27-9, 175
Symmachus, 5, 6
_Synxon_ (Synchon) Mart, 147, 193
Syon Abbey, 83
Syria, 37, 40-2
Szechuen, 56

Tabriz, 62
Tacitus, 4
Tana, 71
Tangut, 55, 57, 59, 63
Tartar(s), 49-52, 57, 62, 66-71, 178,
_see also_ Marco Polo; attitude of
West to, 49; embassy of, 52; fall of
dynasty of, 71; modern books on,
178; Peter the, 66; power of, 49;
princess, 61, 70; slaves, 66
Tartary, 49, 50, 63
Tate, John, 134, 137
Taylor, Robert, 160
Templars, 53
Temyngton, 144.
_Testamenta Eboracensia_, 157, 154,
191, 196
Thames, 156
Theodulf, Bishop of Orleans, 35
Tibet, 43, 47, 49, 57, 66, 67
Tiepolo, Doge Lorenzo, 44, 45, 50
Tierce, 79
Timochain, 61, 180
Tittivillus, 83-4
Torneys, Robert, 144
Trade, _see_ Merchant
Trebizond, 40, 42, 62
Tripoli, 42
Turbot, Robert of Lamberton, 137
Turcomania, 54
Turkestan, 49
Tuscan, 42
Tyre, 40, 42

Udine, 70
Underbay, 137 _f_
Uppcher, Margaret and Robert, 166

Vandals, 15
Venice: Venetian, 39-44, 44-8, 51,
53, 62-5, 70, 71, 145, 177-8; Cassiodorus
on, 39; Chronicler of,
_see_ Canale, Martino da; Doge of,
4, 44-6, 63; excommunication of,
41; history of, 39-46, 50, 178;
merchants of, at Hangchow, 70,
71; modern works on, 177; Polos'
return to, 53, 63; procession of
gilds in, 45, 48, 50; records of,
65; rivalry of, with Genoa, 42,
63-4; trade of, 37, 40, 41, 42-3,
47, 70, 145, 178; wedding of, with
sea, 40, 41; wool dealers of, 145
Vespers, 79
Villaris, 23, 24, 25
_Villicus, see_ Steward
Villein, Villeinage, 19, 21, 158
Visigoths, 10

Walberswick, 140
Walpole, 156
Wang Wei, 182
_Way of Poverty and Wealth_, 100
Wedding feasts, 115-16, 164-5
Welbech, William, 151
West: Riding, 167; Street, Coggeshall,
170, 171, 172
Whyte of Broadway, 137
Wido (_see also_ Bodo), 23, 27, 29, 33
Wilkins (Wylkyns) Henry, 140
William I, 20
Wills: of John Barton of Holme,
191; of Thomas Betson, 134, 151,
194; of bishops, 158; of Paycockes,
157, 166-9, 195, 196; of
villeins, 158; general sources for,
157, 191, 196
Wilton, 176
Winchester, St Mary's, Abbess of, 86
Winchcomb, John (_see_ Jack of Newbury)
Wood, Lieutenant John, 54
Wool (_see_ Betson, Cely, Merchan
Staple); export of, 122, 123
Gower on, 123, 144; inspection of,
144; lives of merchants of, 151
(_see_ Betson); packing and shipping
of, 139-44; ports from
whence sent, 140; private bargains
in, 138; private letters or
export of, 125; purchase of, 136-7,
regulations concerning, 139-44;
revenues from, 121; sale of, 138,
145-9; tombs of merchants of,
123; where grown, 123, 136
Woolsack, 120
Wykeham, William of, 92

Xanadu (_see_ Shandu), 57
Xenophon, 96

Yangchow, 57, 182
Yangtze river, 46
Yarkand, 54
Yellow River, 49
Yezd, 43
York, 94, 137
Yorkshire, 136, 137, 153
Ypres, 122
Yuan dynasty, 58
Yule, Sir Henry, 67, 177
Yunnen, 57

Zaiton, 54, 60, 71
Zanzibar, 70
Zara, 41
Zealand (Seland), 142, 146
Zeno, Renier, 44

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