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Lighted to Lighten: The Hope of India by Alice B. Van Doren

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convent. It was there that Paru's education was given to her, and it was
there that prayer, even in its cruder forms, entered into her
experience. Religious teaching was not compulsory for non-Christian
pupils, but, when the sisters and their Christian following gathered
each morning for prayers, the doors were not shut and among other
onlookers came Paru, morning after morning, drawn partly by curiosity,
partly by a sense of being left out. Never in all her years in that
school did the Hindu child join in the Christian service, but at home,
when father and mother were not about, she gathered her sister and
younger brothers into a corner and taught them in childish words to tell
their wants and hopes and fears to the Father in Heaven.

The lawyer-father was the abiding influence in the daughter's growth of
mind and soul. A liberal Hindu he would have been called. In reality,
he was one of that unreckoned number, the Nicodemuses of India, who come
to Jesus by night, who render Him unspoken homage, but never open
confession. A man of broad religious interests, he read the Hindu Gita,
the Koran, and the Gospels; and among them all the words of Jesus held
pre-eminence in his love and in his life. When in later years he found
his daughter puzzling over Bible commentaries to clear up some question
of faith, he asked impatiently, "Why do you bother with those books?
Read the words of Jesus in the Gospels and act accordingly. That is
enough." Father and daughter were wonderful comrades. In all the years
of separation when, as student and doctor, Paru was held on the opposite
side of India, long weekly letters went back and forth, and events and
thoughts were shared. When the hour of decision came, and the girl
ventured into untried paths where the father could not follow, there
were separation and misunderstanding for a time, but that time was
short. The home visits were soon resumed and the Christian daughter was
once more free to share home and meals with her Hindu family. And when
one day the father said, "If a person feels a certain thing to be his
duty, he should do it, whatever the cost," Paru rejoiced, for she knew
that her forgiveness was sealed.

Dr. Paru's entrance into the world of medicine was due to her father's
wish rather than her own. He was of that rare type of social reformer
who acts more than he speaks. Believing that eventually his daughter
would marry, he felt that as a doctor from her own home she could carry
relief and healing into her small neighborhood. Paru, to please her
father, went into the long grind of medical college, conquered her
aversion for the dissecting table, and "made good." What does he think,
one wonders, as, looking upon her to-day with the clearer vision of the
life beyond, he sees the beloved daughter, thoughts of home and husband
and children put aside, but with her name a household word among the
women of a thousand homes. Ask her what she thinks of medicine as a
woman's profession and her answer will leave no doubt whether she
believes it worth while.

Actual decision for Christ was a thing of slow growth, its roots far
back in memories of bright-covered Gospels and convent prayers, fruit of
open confession maturing only during her years of service at Guntur.
Life in the Madras Y.W.C.A. had much to do with it. There were Indian
Christian girls, fellow students. "No," said Dr. Paru, "they didn't talk
much about it; they had Christian ideals and tried to live them." There
was a secretary, too, who entered into her life as a friend. "Paru," she
said at last, "you are neither one thing nor the other. If you aren't
going to be a Christian, go back and be a Hindu. At least, be
something." At Guntur there were the experiences of Christian service
and fellowship. Finally, there were words spoken at a Christian meeting,
"words that seemed meant for me"; and then the great step was taken, and
Dr. Paru entered into the liberty that has made her free to appear
outwardly what she long had been at heart.

Such are a few of those Indian women whom one delights to honor. They
broke through walls of custom and tradition and forced their way into
the open places of life. Few they are and widely scattered, yet their
influence is past telling.

To-day Lucknow, Madras, and Vellore are sending out each year their
quota of educated women, ready to find their place in the world's work.
It gives one pause, and the desire to look into the future--and dream.
Ten years hence, twenty, fifty, one hundred! What can the dreamer and
the prophet foretell? When those whom we now count by fives and tens are
multiplied by the hundred, what will it mean for the future of India and
the world? What of the gladness of America through whose hand,
outstretched to share, there has come the release of these latent powers
of India's womanhood?

But what of the powers not released? What of the "mute, inglorious"
company of those who have had no chance to become articulate? There
among the road-menders, going back and forth all day with a basket of
crushed stone upon her head, toils a girl in whose hand God has hidden
the cunning of the surgeon. No one suspects her powers, she least of
all, and that undeveloped skill will die with her, undiscovered and
unapplied. "To what purpose is this waste?"

Into your railway carriage comes the young wife of a rajah. Hidden by a
canopy of crimson silk, she makes her aristocratic entrance concealed
from the common gaze. Her life is spent within curtains. Yet she is the
descendant of a Mughal ancestor who carried off and wedded a Rajput
maiden. In her blood is the daring of Padmini, the executive power of
Nur Jahan. With mind trained and exercised, she would be the
administrative head of a woman's college. Again,--"To what purpose is
this waste?"

Who dares to compute the sum total of lives wasted among the millions
of India's women because undiscovered? Will American girls grudge their
gifts to help in the discovery? Will American girls grudge the
investment of their lives?

Only like souls I see the folk thereunder,
Bound who should conquer, slaves who should be kings,
Hearing their one hope with an empty wonder,
Sadly contented with a show of things.
Then with a rush the intolerable craving
Shivers throughout me like a trumpet call;
Oh, to save these! To perish for their saving,
Die for their life, be offered for them all.




Miss Lilavati Singh, M.A., Acting President of the Isabella Thoburn
College, who died in Chicago in 1909 after thirty-one years of
association with the college as teacher and pupil. A native of India,
but a master of the English language, she was the first woman to sit on
a world committee, having been president of the Woman's Section of the
World Student Christian Federation. In this capacity she lectured in
various countries of Western Europe and the United States.]


Achievements of Christianity,
of women,

Alliance, an international,

America, students continue
studies in,

American women, gifts of,
to Medical School,

Anglo-Saxon civilization,

Appasamy, Mrs. Paul,

Archaeology, revelations of,

Aryan invades India, the,

Art Club,

Athletic teams,


Azariah, Mrs.;
magazine edited by,

Blue Triangle, with the,

Brooke, Rupert, quoted,

Brown-skinned tribes,

Basket ball,

Butler, Mrs. William,

Calcutta, Social Service
League of,

Caste and pride of race,
broken by Dr. Paru,

Chamberlain, Miss,

Character, training women in,
and college education,

Chatterji, Omiabala,

Child marriage,

Child welfare,

Child widows and education,

Children, corpses--and,

Children's Home prevents
disease, beggary, and crime,

Chinnappa, Mrs. _See_ Singhe,
Dr. Vera.

Christ, call of, must be heard
to redeem the women of
India; demonstration of
uplifting influence of, demands
college education,
transforming power
through; power, revelations

Christ's gift of education,

Christian education, Hindu

Christian ideals, distribution
of, demands college education,

Christian unity in education,

Christian women and need of

Christian workers, training,
demands college education,

Christianity, achievements of;
Dr. Paru a convert

Church work and home making,

Churches should practice internationalism,

Civilization, dawn of, of
Anglo-Saxon recent,

Cleanliness inculcated,

Co-education in India,
discussed by students,

College, why go to?
teachers for high schools,
doctors for hospitals,
motherhood; co-education,

College education and future
of India; for Indian
girls justified,

College girls, missionary service
one of the greatest
fields for,

College woman, the, and

College women, pioneer services

Colleges, Indian, best for undergraduates;
must be made truly Christian to redeem
India; should practice

Columbia University,

"Conscience clause,"

Co-operation of missions,

Co-operative housekeeping,

Corpses--and children,

Cosmopolitan atmosphere of
Lal Bagh,

Cosmopolitan Club,

Crime prevented by Children's

Death rates of infants,

Debt and dowry system,

Dissecting room at Vellore,

Doctor, when the, passes;
where no, passes,

Doctors for hospitals,

Dowry, married without,

Dowry system,

Drama at Madras Christian

Dramatic Society,



Early rising,

"Earth-thou-art, Mrs.,"

East, gifts of, to West;
to West, adjustments
required for change from,

Education, gift of Christ;
proved that Indian girls
can receive; of Indian
girl; for girls; Hindu
or Christian; an instrument
to break down
seclusion of the zenanas;
college, and leadership;
college, and motherhood;
and early marriage;
and child widows;
and world peace;
"triangular alliance" in;
Christian unity in; college,
for Indian girls justified;
missions can not
long meet demand for;
Christian, Indian men
testify to value of, _See_

Educated classes of India, to
meet needs of, demands
college education,

England, students continue
studies in,

English, conquest of, the big
job at high school,

Examination papers of students,

Fellowship, American, at Lal

Findley, Dr.,

"Flivver," an Indian,

Folk-lore, woman in;
woman heroine of,

Ford, the, in a new capacity,

Future of India demands
college education,

Future? what of.

Gandhi, Mr., and Miss Maya

Garden of hid treasure the.

George, Miss.

Girl, Indian, to-day; uneducated;
marriage of; life of; school
life of; religion of;
why go to college?;
Girl students at Vellore
Medical School; who
they are; why they
came; their future.

Girls, proved that Indian, can
be educated; education
of; high school, where
they come from;
what they study;
Indian, college education
for, justified.

God alone will not redeem
India; in nature;
transforming world
through Christ.

Goreh, Ellen Lakshmi,

Government. _See_ Student

Graduate from Madras
Christian College, letter

Griscom, Dr.

Guntur Women's Hospital.


Heal, sent forth to.

High school, at; where
girls are from;
studies; conquest of
English; life of girls;
athletics; basket
ball; dramatics;
student government;
co-operative housekeeping;
religion of girls;
religion made practical;
outlets for religious
emotion; teachers

Hindu or Christian education.

Hindu lawyer prefers Gospels
to sacred books of

Hinduism, actualities of, unprintable;
and Christianity;
to Christianity,
Dr. Paru a convert from.

History Club.

Home life and college women.

Home making and church

Homemakers, training, demands
college education.

Hospital, in a.

Hospital wards at Vellore.

Hospitals, doctors for.

Houses at Vellore.

Housekeeping, co-operative.

Idol, wives of the.

"In the Secret of His Presence."

India, poetry of, felt to be
insincere; no place for
redemption of woman in
the religions of; need of,
can only be met by educated
Indian Christian
women; silent revolution
has begun in; God alone
will not redeem; future
of, demands college education;
the Aryan invades;
Muhammadans invade; co-education in;
superstition in;
and the college woman;
medical needs of, and supply
of women physicians,

Indian conditions, worship
adapted to,

Industrial education;

Infants, death rates of,

Isabella Thoburn College, beginnings
of, _See_ Lal Bagh.

International alliance, an,

Internationalism, let churches
and colleges practice,

Jahan, Shah,

Janaki, Miss,


Kindergarten, Indian,

Kinnaird College,

Kipling quoted; cited,

Kugler, Dr.,

Lal Bagh; cosmopolitan
atmosphere; scholarship;
American fellowship;
first fellow;
social questions;
co-education discussed;
early marriage and child
widows; purdah discussed;
social services;
cleanliness inculcated;
religious instruction
by students; medical
instruction by students;
reading taught
by students; sewing;
purdah park suggested; social
service during vacation;
social service
and strikes; visiting the
poor and sick; what
alumnae records show,
_See_ Isabella Thoburn College.

Lamp and the sunflower,

Languages at Madras Christian

Leadership forced upon educated
Indian girls; training
native, demands college
education; and
college education,.

Legal profession for women,

Lela, Chandra,

Licentiate in teaching,

Life of Indian girl,

"Lighted to lighten,"

Literary and Debating Societies,

Literature; magazine edited
by Mrs. Azariah,


Lyon, Mary,

Madras Christian College,
letter from student at;
"triangular alliance;
inter-missionary; nine
languages represented;
sunflower and the lamp;
campus of; student
organizations; student
government; athletic
teams; Literary and
Debating Societies;
Star Club; Natural History
Club; Art Club;
Dramatic and Musical
Societies; History Club;
Y.W.C.A.; social
service; applied psychology;
_The Sunflower_;
superstitions; the
college woman and India;
teaching; legal profession;
home life; what one
reformer achieved;
dowry system; college
education for women justified;
letter from graduate;
extract from
journal of teacher in;
students continue
studies in England and
America; licentiates in
teaching; examination
papers; student
body of; "conscience
clause,"; effort to aid
cause of nationalism;
social service by students;
students of, love
Shakespeare; drama
at; students collect
fund for science building,

Madras Corporation Child
Welfare Scheme,

Madras Mothers' Union,

McDougall, Miss Eleanor

Magazine edited by Mrs.

Manikin, makeshift,

Manu, laws of,

Marriage of Indian girl,

Marriage, early, and education,
_See_ Child marriage;
Dowry system.

Maya Das, Dora; and
Mr. Gandhi,

Medical instruction by students,

Medical needs of India and
supply of women physicians,

Medical School, Vellore. _See_
Vellore Medical School.

Medical service,

Medical treatment, ignorant;
superstition in,

Mid-wife, work of a,

Mid-wives, ignorant

Mission boards, fourteen, support
Madras Christian College,

Missions, criticism of;
can not long meet demand
for education,

Missionary service one of
greatest fields for college

"Moral equivalent of war,"

Morality and religion unrelated,

Motherhood and college education,

Mt. Holyoke College and
Mary Lyon; first
Indian student at,

Muhammadans invade India,

Multiplication, problem in,

Musical Society,

Myers quoted,

Naidu, Mrs. Sarojini,

Nala and Damayanti,

Natural History Club,

Nature, God in,

National life of India, training
women for, demands
college education,

National Missionary Society,

Nationalism, effort to aid
cause of,

Nur Jahan, "the light of the

Nurses' Home of Vellore
Medical School,

Obstetrics, makeshift manikin
for teaching,

"Once upon a time,"

Opportunities for service,

Organizations of students,

Palm trees, school under,

Parker, Mrs. Edwin W.,

Paru, Dr.; breaks
caste; father of, prefers
Gospels to sacred
books of India,

Peace. See World peace.

Physicians, women. See
Women physicians.

Pioneer services of college

Poem by Rabindranath

Poetry of India,

Politics, training women for,
demands college education,
women in,

Poor, visiting the,

Prostitution, religious,

Public service,

Purdah, origin of; discussed,

Purdah parks suggested,

Pushpam and her work as a

Race, pride of, and caste,

Rama and Sita,

Ramabai, Pandita,

Reading taught by students,

Redemption of woman, no
place for, in religions of


Reformer, one, and what she

Religion, the Indian girl's,
and morality unrelated,
made practical,

Religions of India, no place
for redemption of woman
in the,

Religious education, aim of,

Religious emotion, outlets for,

Religious instruction by students,

Revolution, silent,
Roads, metalled, in India,

Salvation, yearning for, of
souls, Myers,

Sarber, Miss,

Schell Hospital,

Scholarship at Lal Bagh,

School, at; Hindu or
Christian; under
palm trees, _See Education_

School life of Indian girl,

Science building, students
collect fund for,

Scudder, Dr. Ida

Sent forth to heal,

Servants of India Society,

Serveth, among you as He

Service, great field for, for
college girls; public,

Sewing taught by students;
lessons in,

Shakespeare loved by students,

Sick, visiting the,

Singh, Lilavati,

Singhe, Dr. Vera,

Sirkir, Miss,

Site, new, of Vellore Medical

Social life, moralizing, demands
college education,

Social questions discussed by

Social services of Lal Bagh
students; during
vacation; and strikes,
at Madras; by
students of Madras Christian
College; in outcaste

Social Service League of Calcutta,

Sociology, applied,

Solidarity of the world,

Song of the Women, The,

Sorabji, Cornelia,

Sorabji sisters,

Star Club,

Stone age, remains of,

Strikes and social service,

Student body of Madras
Christian College, at
Vellore Medical School. _See_
Girl students.

Student government,

Student organizations,

Students, examination papers
of; collect fund for
science building,

Summer school for rural

Sunflower and the lamp,

_Sunflower, The_, college magazine,

Superstition in India,; in
medical treatment,


Tagore, Rabindranath, poem

Taj Mahal,

Talisman, reliance upon,

Tank described,

Teachers for high schools,

Teaching as occupation,
licentiate in,

Telugu outcastes, missionary
work among,

Temples, vile things connected

Thillayampalam, first fellow
from Isabella Thoburn College,

Thoburn, Isabella,

Thumboo, Regina,

Tinnevelly Missionary Society,

To-day, yesterday and,

Traditions of womanhood,

Trail, the long, a-winding,

Transportation, Indian,

Treasure, the garden of hid,

Triplicane Health Centre, 144.

Union Missionary Medical
School for Women, Vellore.
_See_ Vellore Medical

Vacation, social service during,

Veil, use of,

Vellore Medical School, needs
of; modest start of;
scholarship at; Licensed
Medical Practitioner;
visit to; housing
shortage at; corpses--
and children; dissecting
room; early
rising; Schell Hospital;
the Ford in a new
capacity; Nurses'
Home; makeshift
manikin; new site;
who the students are;
why the students came;
future of the students;
medical needs of
India; ignorant medical
gifts of American women

Villages, outcaste, social service

Vincent, Shelomith,

Visiting the poor and sick,

"War, moral equivalent of,"

Waste? to what purpose,

West, gifts of East to,

Widowhood; compulsory,

Wives of the idol

Woman, redemption of, no
place for, in the religions
of India; in folk-lore;
heroine of folk-love;
and laws of Manu,
_See_ Girl.

Woman's Christian College,
Madras. _See_ Madras Christian

Woman's Foreign Missionary
Society of the Methodist
Episcopal Church,

Womanhood, traditions of,

Women, Indian, are asserting
their rights; gifts of
American, and Vellore
Medical School; who
do things,

Women physicians, pre-medical
training of, demands
college education; efforts
to increase number of;
supply of, and India's
medical needs,

World, solidarity of,

World peace and education,

Worship adapted to Indian

Yesterday and to-day,

Young Women's Christian
Association of Madras College,

Zenanas, opening of, through

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