Part 2 out of 15
disposition. I have made excursions into the fields of amusement, perhaps
of folly. I have found that amusement and folly are beneath me, and that
without some laudable pursuit my life must be insipid and wearisome.....
My father seems much against my going to Italy, but gives me leave to go
from this, and pass some months in Paris. I own that the words of the
Apostle Paul, "I must see Rome," are strongly _borne in_ upon my mind. It
would give me infinite pleasure. It would give taste for a life-time,
and I should go home to Auchinleck with serene contentment.'
After stating that he is going to Geneva, he continues:--
'I shall see Voltaire; I shall also see Switzerland and Rousseau. These
two men are to me greater objects than most statues or pictures.'
--Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 318.
_Superficiality of the French writers_.
(Vol. i, p. 454.)
Gibbon, writing of the year 1759, says:--
'In France, to which my ideas [in the _Essay on the Study of Literature_]
were confined, the learning and language of Greece and Rome were
neglected by a philosophic age. The guardian of those studies, the
Academy of Inscriptions, was degraded to the lowest rank among the
three royal societies of Paris; the new appellation of _Erudits_ was
contemptuously applied to the successors of Lipsius and Casaubon; and
I was provoked to hear (see M. d'Alembert, _Discours preliminaire a
l'Encyclopedie_) that the exercise of the memory, their sole merit,
had been superseded by the nobler faculties of the imagination and the
--_Memoirs of Edward Gibbon_, ed. 1827, i. 104.
_A Synod of Cooks_.
(Vol. i, p. 470.)
When Johnson spoke of 'a Synod of Cooks' he was, I conjecture, thinking
of Milton's 'Synod of Gods,' in Beelzebub's speech in Paradise Lost,
book ii. line 391.
_Johnson and Bishop Percy_.
(Vol. i, p. 486.)
Bishop Percy in a letter to Boswell says: 'When in 1756 or 1757 I
became acquainted with Johnson, he told me he had lived twenty years
in London, but not very happily.'
--Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 307.
_Barclay's Answer to Kenrick's Review of Johnson's
(Vol. i, p. 498.)
Neither in the British Museum nor in the Bodleian have I been able to
find a copy of this book. _A Defence of Mr. Kenricks Review_, 1766,
does not seem to contain any reply to such a work as Barclay's.
_Mrs. Piozzi's 'Collection of Johnson s Letters.'_
(Vol. ii, p. 43, n. 2.)
MR. BOSWELL TO BISHOP PERCY.
'Feb. 9, 1788.
'I am ashamed that I have yet seven years to write of his life. ... Mrs.
(Thrale) Piozzi's Collection of his letters will be out soon. ... I saw
a sheet at the printing-house yesterday... It is wonderful what avidity
there still is for everything relative to Johnson. I dined at Mr.
Malone's on Wednesday with Mr. W. G. Hamilton, Mr. Flood, Mr. Windham, Mr.
Courtenay, &c.; and Mr. Hamilton observed very well what a proof it was
of Johnson's merit that we had been talking of him all the afternoon.'
--Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 309.
_Johnson on romantic virtue_.
(Vol. ii, P. 76.)
'Dr. Johnson used to advise his friends to be upon their guard against
romantic virtue, as being founded upon no settled principle. "A plank,"
said he, "that is tilted up at one end must of course fall down on the
'--William Seward, _Anecdotes of Distinguished Persons_, ii. 461.'
_'Old' Baxter on toleration_.
(Vol. ii, p. 253.)
The Rev. John Hamilton Davies, B.A., F.R.H.S., Rector of St. Nicholas's,
Worcester, and author of _The Life of Richard Baxter of Kidderminster,
Preacher and Prisoner_ (London, Kent & Co., 1887), kindly informs me,
in answer to my inquiries, that he believes that Johnson may allude
to the following passage in the fourth chapter of Baxter's Reformed
'I think the Magistrate should be the hedge of the Church. I am against
the two extremes of universal license and persecuting tyranny. The
Magistrate must be allowed the use of his reason, to know the cause,
and follow his own judgment, not punish men against it. I am the less
sorry that the Magistrate doth so little interpose.'
_England barren in good historians_.
(Vol. ii, p. 236, n. 2.)
Gibbon, writing of the year 1759, says:
'The old reproach that no British altars had been raised to the muse of
history was recently disproved by the first performances of Robertson
and Hume, the histories of Scotland and of the Stuarts.'
--_Memoirs of Edward Gibbon_, ed. 1827, i. 103.
_An instance of Scotch nationality_.
(Vol. ii, p. 307.)
Lord Camden, when pressed by Dr. Berkeley (the Bishop's son) to appoint
a Scotchman to some office, replied: 'I have many years ago sworn that
I never will introduce a Scotchman into any office; for if you introduce
one he will contrive some way or other to introduce forty more cousins
--G. M. _Berkeley's Poems_, p. ccclxxi.
_Mortality in the Foundling Hospital of London_.
(Vol. ii, p. 398.)
'From March 25, 1741, to December 31, 1759, the number of children
received into the Foundling Hospital is 14,994, of which have died
to December 31, 1759, 8,465.'--_A Tour through the Whole Island of
Great Britain_, ed. 1769, vol. ii, p. 121. A great many of these died,
no doubt, after they had left the Hospital.
(Vol. ii, p. 399, n. 2.)
The reference is no doubt to Mr. Joseph Planta, Assistant-Librarian
of the British Museum 1773, Principal Librarian 1799-1827. See Edwards'
_Lives of the Founders of the British Museum_, pp. 517 sqq.; and
Nichols's _Illustrations of Literature_, vol. vii, pp. 677-8.
(Vol. ii, p. 408, n. 1.)
John Locke in his _Second Vindication of the Reasonableness of
Christianity_ quotes from Mr. Edwards whom he answers:--'This gentleman
and his fellows are resolved to be Unitarians; they are for one article
of faith as well as One person in the Godhead.'
--Locke's _Works_, ed. 1824, vi, 200.
_The proposed Riding School for Oxford_.
(Vol. ii, p. 424.)
My friend, Mr. C. E. Doble, has pointed out to me the following passage
in _Collectanea_, First Series, edited by Mr. C. R. L. Fletcher, Fellow
of All Souls College, and printed for the Oxford Historical Society,
'The _Advertisement to Religion and Policy, by Edward Earl of Clarendon_,
runs as follows:--
"Henry Viscount Cornbury, who was called up to the House of Peers
by the title of Lord Hyde, in the lifetime of his father, Henry Earl
of Rochester, by a codicil to his will, dated Aug. 10, 1751, left
divers MSS. of his great grandfather, Edward Earl of Clarendon, to
Trustees, with a direction that the money to arise from the sale or
publication thereof, should be employed as a beginning of a fund for
supporting a Manage or Academy for riding and other useful exercises
in Oxford; a plan of this sort having been also recommended by Lord
Clarendon in his Dialogue on Education. Lord Cornbury dying before
his father, this bequest did not take effect. But Catharine, one of
the daughters of Henry Earl of Rochester, and late Duchess Dowager
of Queensbury, whose property these MSS. became, afterwards by deed
gave them, together with all the monies which had arisen or might arise
from the sale or publication of them, to [three Trustees] upon trust
for the like purposes as those expressed by Lord Hyde in his codicil."
'The preface to the _Life of Edward Earl of Clarendon, written by
himself_., has words to the same effect. (See also _Notes and Queries_,
Ser. I. x. 185, and xi. 32.)
'From a letter in _Notes and Queries_, Ser. II. x. p. 74, it appears
that in 1860 the available sum, in the hands of the Trustees of the
Clarendon Bequest, amounted to L10,000. The University no longer needed
a riding-school, and the claims of Physical Science were urgent; and in
1872 the announcement was made, that by the liberality of the Clarendon
Trustees an additional wing had been added to the University Museum,
containing the lecture-rooms and laboratories of the department of
Experimental Philosophy.' Vol. i. p. 305.
_Boswell and Mrs. Rudd._
(Vol. ii, p. 450, n. 1.)
In Mr. Alfred Morrison's _Collection of Autographs_, vol. i. p. 103,
mention is made among Boswell's autographs of verses entitled _Lurgan
Clanbrassil_, a supposed Irish song.'
I have learnt, through Mr. Morrison's kindness, that 'on the document
itself there is the following memorandum, signed, so far as can be made
out, H. W. R.:--
"The enclosed song was written and composed by James Boswell, the
biographer of Johnson, in commemoration of a tour he made with Mrs.
Rudd whilst she was under his protection, for living with whom he
displeased his father so much that he threatened to disinherit him.
"Mrs. Rudd had lived with one of the Perreaus, who were tried and
executed for forgery. She was tried at the same time and acquitted.
"My father having heard that Boswell used to sing this song at the Home
Circuit, requested it of him, and he wrote it and gave it him. H.W. R."'
(Vol. ii, p. 454, n. 3.)
Mr. Robert Browning, in his Parleyings with Christopher Smart, under
the similitude of 'some huge house,' thus describes the general run of
that unfortunate poet's verse:--
'All showed the Golden Mean without a hint
Of brave extravagance that breaks the rule.
The master of the mansion was no fool
Assuredly, no genius just as sure!
Safe mediocrity had scorned the lure
Of now too much and now too little cost,
And satisfied me sight was never lost
Of moderate design's accomplishment
In calm completeness.'
Mr. Browning goes on to liken one solitary poem to a Chapel in the house,
in which is found--
'from floor to roof one evidence
Of how far earth may rival heaven.'
_Parleyings with certain People of Importance in their Day_ (pp. 80-82),
_Johnsons discussion on baptism--with Mr. Lloyd, the Birmingham Quaker_.
(Vol. ii, p. 458.)
In _Farm and its Inhabitants_ (_ante_, p. xlii), a further account is
given of the controversy between Johnson and Mr. Lloyd the Quaker, on
the subject of Barclay's _Apology_.
'Tradition states that, losing his temper, Dr. Johnson threw the volume
on the floor, and put his foot on it, in denunciation of its statements.
The identical volume is now in the possession of G. B. Lloyd, of Edgbaston
'At the dinner table he continued the debate in such angry tones, and
struck the table so violently that the children were frightened, and
desired to escape.
'The next morning Dr. Johnson went to the bank [Mr. Lloyd was a banker]
and by way of apology called out in his stentorian voice, "I say, Lloyd,
I'm the best theologian, but you are the best Christian.'" p. 41. It
could not have been 'the next morning' that Johnson went to the bank,
for he left for Lichfield on the evening of the day of the controversy
(_ante_, ii. 461). He must have gone in the afternoon, while Boswell
was away seeing Mr. Boulton's great works at Soho (ib. p. 459).
Mr. G. B. Lloyd, the great-grandson of Johnson's host, in a letter
written this summer (1886), says: 'Having spent much of my boyhood
with my grandfather in the old house, I have heard him tell the story
of the stamping on the broad volume.'
Boswell mentions (ib. p. 457) that 'Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd, like their
Majesties, had been blessed with a numerous family of fine children,
their numbers being exactly the same.' The author of _Farm and its
Inhabitants_ says (p. 46): 'There is a tradition that when Sampson
Lloyd's wife used to feel depressed by the care of such a large family
(they had sixteen children) he would say to her, "Never mind, the
twentieth will be the most welcome."' His fifteenth child Catharine
married Dr. George Birkbeck, the founder of the Mechanics' Institutes
(ib. p. 48).
A story told (p. 50) of one of Mr. Lloyd's sons-in-law, Joseph Biddle,
is an instance of that excess of forgetfulness which Johnson called
'morbid oblivion' (_ante_, v. 68). 'He went to pay a call in Leamington.
The servant asked him for his name, he could not remember it; in
perplexity he went away, when a friend in the street met him and
accosted him, "How do you do, Mr. Biddle?" "Oh, Biddle, Biddle, Biddle,
that's the name," cried he, and rushed off to pay his call.'
The editor is in error in stating (p. 45, n. 1) that a very poor poem
entitled _A bone for Friend Mary to pick_, is by Johnson. It may be
found in the _Gent. Mag._ for 1791, p. 948.
_Lichfield in 1783._
(Vol. ii, p. 461.)
C. P. Moritz, a young Prussian clergyman who published an account of
a pedestrian tour that he made in England in the year 1782, thus describes
Lichfield as he saw it on a day in June:--
'At noon I got to Lichfield, an old-fashioned town with narrow dirty
streets, where for the first time I saw round panes of glass in the
windows. The place to me wore an unfriendly appearance; I therefore
made no use of my recommendation, but went straight through and only
bought some bread at a baker's, which I took along with me.'--_Travels
in England in 1782_, p. 140, by C. P. Moritz. Cassell's National Library,
The 'recommendation' was an introduction to an inn given him by the
daughter of his landlord at Sutton, who told him 'that the people in
Lichfield were, in general, very proud.' Travelling as he did, on foot
and without luggage, he was looked upon with suspicion at the inns,
and often rudely refused lodging.
_Richard Baxter's doubt_.
(Vol. ii, p. 477.)
The Rev. J. Hamilton Davies [See _ante_, p. xlix. 1] informs me that
there can be no doubt that Johnson referred to the following passage
in _Reliquiae Baxterianae_, folio edition of 1696, p. 127:--
'This is another thing which I am changed in; that whereas in my
younger days I was never tempted to doubt of the Truth of Scripture
or Christianity, but all my Doubts and Fears were exercised at home,
about my own Sincerity and Interest in Christ--since then my sorest
assaults have been on the other side, and such they were, that had I
been void of internal Experience, and the adhesion of Love, and the
special help of God, and had not discerned more Reason for my Religion
than I did when I was younger, I had certainly apostatized to Infidelity,'
Johnson, the day after he recorded his 'doubt,' wrote that he was
'troubled with Baxter's _scruple_' (_ante_, ii. 477). The 'scruple'
was, perhaps, the same as the 'doubt.' In his _Dictionary_ he defines
_scruple_ as _doubt; difficulty of determination; perplexity; generally
about minute things_.
_Oxford in 1782_.
(Vol. iii, p. 13, n. 3.)
The Rev. C. P. Moritz (_ante_, p. liv) gives a curious account of
his visit to Oxford. On his way from Dorchester on the evening of
a Sunday in June, he had been overtaken by the Rev. Mr. Maud, who seems
to have been a Fellow and Tutor of Corpus College, and who was
returning from doing duty in his curacy. It was late when they arrived
in the town. Moritz, who, as I have said, more than once had found
great difficulty in getting a bed, had made up his mind to pass the
summer night on a stonebench in the High Street. His comrade would not
hear of this, but said that he would take him to an ale-house where
'it is possible they mayn't be gone to bed, and we may yet find company.'
This ale-house was the Mitre.
'We went on a few houses further, and then knocked at a door. It was
then nearly twelve. They readily let us in; but how great was my
astonishment when, on being shown into a room on the left, I saw
a great number of clergymen, all with their gowns and bands on, sitting
round a large table, each with his pot of beer before him. My travelling
companion introduced me to them as a German clergyman, whom he could not
sufficiently praise for my correct pronunciation of the Latin, my
orthodoxy, and my good walking.
'I now saw myself in a moment, as it were, all at once transported
into the midst of a company, all apparently very respectable men, but
all strangers to me. And it appeared to me extraordinary that I should
thus at midnight be in Oxford, in a large company of Oxonian clergy,
without well knowing how I had got there. Meanwhile, however, I took
all the pains in my power to recommend myself to my company, and in the
course of conversation I gave them as good an account as I could of
our German universities, neither denying nor concealing that now and
then we had riots and disturbances. "Oh, we are very unruly here,
too," said one of the clergymen, as he took a hearty draught out of his
pot of beer, and knocked on the table with his hand. The conversation
now became louder, more general, and a little confused. ... At last,
when morning drew near, Mr. Maud suddenly exclaimed, "D-n me, I must
read prayers this morning at All Souls!" "D-n me" is an abbreviation
of "G-d d-n me," which in England does not seem to mean more mischief
or harm than any of our or their common expletives in conversation,
such as "O gemini!" or "The deuce take me!" ... I am almost ashamed
to own, that next morning, when I awoke, I had got so dreadful a
headache from the copious and numerous toasts of my jolly and reverend
friends that I could not possibly get up.
--_Travels in England in 1782_, by C. P. Moritz, p. 123.
[Footnote 3: No such person appears in the _Catalogue of Graduates_.]
(Vol. in, p. 68.)
Boswell in an _Ode to Mr. Charles Dilly_, published in the _Gent.
Mag._ for 1791, p. 367, says that Dr. Lettsom 'Refutes pert Priestley's
(Vol. iii, p. 83, n. 3.)
Mr. George Parker of the Bodleian Library informs me that William
Vachell had been tutor to Prince Esterhazy, and that for many years
he held the appointment of 'Pumper,' or Lessee of the baths at Bath.
In 1776 and 1777 he paid as rental for them to the Corporation L525.
He died on November 26, 1789. According to Mr. Ivor Vachell (_Notes
and Queries_, 6th S. vii. 327), it was his eldest son who signed the
_Johnson and Baretti_.
(Vol. iii, p. 96, n. 1.)
Baretti in his _Tolondron_, p. 145, gives an account of a difference
between himself and Johnson. Johnson sent to ask him to call on him,
but Baretti was leaving town. When he returned the time for a
reconciliation had passed, for Johnson was dead.
_English pulpit eloquence_.
(Vol. iii, p. 248.)
'Upon the whole, which is preferable, the philosophic method of the
English, or the rhetoric of the French preachers? The first (though
less glorious) is certainly safer for the preacher. It is difficult
for a man to make himself ridiculous, who proposes only to deliver
plain sense on a subject he has thoroughly studied. But the instant
he discovers the least pretensions towards the sublime or the pathetic,
there is no medium; we must either admire or laugh; and there are so
many various talents requisite to form the character of an orator that
it is more than probable we shall laugh.'
--_Memoirs of Edward Gibbon_, ed. 1827, i. 118.
_Bishop Percy's communications to Boswell relative to Johnson_.
(Vol. iii, p. 278, n. 1.)
'JAMES BOSWELL TO BISHOP PERCY.
"9 April, 1790.
"As to suppressing your Lordship's name when relating the very few
anecdotes of Johnson with which you have favoured me, I will do anything
to oblige your Lordship but that very thing. I owe to the authenticity
of my work, to its respectability, and to the credit of my illustrious
friends [? friend] to introduce as many names of eminent persons as I
can... Believe me, my Lord, you are not the only bishop in the number
of great men with which my pages are graced. I am quite resolute as to
'--Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 313.
_Sir Thomas Brown's remark 'Do the devils lie? No; for then Hell could
(Vol. iii, p. 293.)
This remark, whether it is Brown's or not, may have been suggested by
Milton's lines in _Paradise Lost_, ii. 496-9, or might have suggested
'O shame to men! devil with devil damn'd
Firm concord holds, men only disagree
Of creatures rational.'
_Johnson on the advantages of having a profession or business_.
(Vol. iii, p. 309, n. 1.)
'Dr. Johnson was of opinion that the happiest as well as the most
virtuous persons were to be found amongst those who united with a
business or profession a love of literature.'
--Seward's _Biographiana_, p. 599.
_Johnson's trips to the country_.
(Vol. iii, p. 453.)
I have omitted to mention Johnson's visit to 'Squire Dilly's mansion
at Southill in June, 1781 (_ante_, iv. 118-132).
_Citations of living authors in Johnson's Dictionary_.
(Vol. iv, p. 4, n. 3.)
Johnson cites _Irene_ under _impostures_, and Lord Lyttelton under
_Dr. Parrs evening with Dr. Johnson_.
(Vol. iv, p. 15.)
The Rev. John Rigaud, B.D., Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, has
kindly sent me the following anecdote of the meeting of Johnson and
'I remember Dr. Routh, the old President of Magdalen, telling me of an
interview and conversation between Dr. Johnson and Dr. Parr, in the
course of which the former made use of some expression respecting the
latter, which considerably wounded and offended him. "Sir," he said
to Dr. Johnson, "you know that what you have just said will be known
in four-and-twenty hours over this vast metropolis." Upon which Dr.
Johnson's manner altered, his eye became calm, and he put out his hand,
and said, "Forgive me, Parr, I didn't quite mean it." "But," said the
President, with an amused and amusing look, "_I never could get him to
tell me what it was Dr. Johnson had said!_" He spoke of seeing Dr.
Johnson going up the steps into University College, dressed, I think,
in a snuff-coloured coat.'
Dr. Martin Joseph Routh, who was President of Magdalen College for
sixty-four years, was born in 1755 and died on December 22, 1854.
'_Solamen miseris socios habuisse doloris_.'
(Vol. iv, p. 181, n. 3.)
Malone's note on _The Rape of Lucrece_ must have been, not as I
conjectured on line 1111, but on lines 1581-2:--
'It easeth some, though none it ever cured,
To think their dolour others have endured.'
With these lines may be compared Satan's speech in _Paradise Regained_,
Book i, lines 399-402:--
'Long since with woe
Nearer acquainted, now I feel by proof,
That fellowship in pain divides not smart,
Nor lightens aught each man's peculiar load.'
_Richard Baxter's rule of preaching_.
(Vol. iv, p. 185.)
The Rev. J. Hamilton Davies [See _ante_, p. xlix.] has furnished me
with the following extract from _Reliquiae Baxterianae_, ed. 1696, p. 93,
in illustration of Johnson's statement:--
'And yet I did usually put in something in my Sermon which was above
their own discovery, and which they had not known before; and this I
did, that they might be kept humble, and still perceive their ignorance,
and be willing to keep in a learning state. (For when Preachers tell
their People of no more than they know, and do not shew that they excel
them in knowledge, and easily overtop them in Abilities, the People
will be tempted to turn Preachers themselves, and think that they have
learnt all that the Ministers can teach them, and are as wise as
they------). And this I did also to increase their knowledge; and
also to make Religion pleasant to them, by a daily addition to their
former Sight, and to draw them on with desire and Delight.'
_Opposition to Sir Joshua Reynolds in the Royal Academy_.
(Vol. iv, p. 219, n. 4.)
'JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ., TO BISHOP PERCY.
'12 March, 1790.
'Sir Joshua has been shamefully used by a junto of the Academicians.
I live a great deal with him, and he is much better than you would
--Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 313.
_Richard Baxter on the possible salvation of a Suicide_.
(Vol. iv, p. 225.)
The Rev. J. Hamilton Davies writes to me that 'Dr. Johnson's quotation
about suicide must surely be wrong. I have no recollection in any of
Baxter's _Works_ of such a statement, and it is in direct contradiction
to all that is known of his sentiments. 'Mr. Davies sends me the following
passage, which possibly Johnson might have very imperfectly remembered:--
'The commonest cause [of suicide] is melancholy, &c. Though there
be much more hope of the salvation of such as want the use of their
understandings, because so far it may be called involuntary, yet it
is a very dreadful case, especially so far as reason remaineth in any
--Baxter's _Christian Directory, edited by Orme, part iv, p. 138.
_Haslitt's report of Baxter's Sermon_.
(Vol. iv, p. 226, n. 2.)
The Rev. J. Hamilton Davies tells me that he 'entirely disbelieves that
Baxter said, "Hell was paved with infants' skulls." The same thing, or
something very like it, has been said of Calvin, but I could never,'
Mr. Davies continues, 'find it in his Works.' He kindly sends me the
following extract from _Reliquiae Baxterianae_, ed. 1696, p. 24:--
'Once all the ignorant Rout were raging mad against me for preaching
the Doctrine of Original Sin to them, and telling them that Infants
before Regeneration had so much Guilt and Corruption, as made them
loathsome in the Eyes of God: whereupon they vented it abroad in the
Country, That I preached that God hated, or loathed Infants; so that
they railed at me as I passed through the streets. The next Lord's Day,
I cleared and confirmed it, and shewed them that if this were not true,
their Infants had no need of Christ, of Baptism, or of Renewing by the
Holy Ghost. And I asked them whether they durst say that their Children
were saved without a Saviour, and were no Christians, and why they
baptized them, with much more to that purpose, and afterwards they
were ashamed and as mute as fishes.'
_Johnson on an actor's transformation_.
(Vol. iv, p. 244.)
Boswell in his _Remarks on the Profession of a Player_ (Essay ii),
first printed in the _London Magazine_ for 1770, says:--
'I remember to have heard the most illustrious authour of this age say:
"If, Sir, Garrick believes himself to be every character that he
represents he is a madman, and ought to be confined. Nay, Sir, he is a
villain, and ought to be hanged. If, for instance, he believes himself
to be Macbeth he has committed murder, he is a vile assassin who, in
violation of the laws of hospitality as well as of other principles,
has imbrued his hands in the blood of his King while he was sleeping
under his roof. If, Sir, he has really been that person in his own mind,
he has in his own mind been as guilty as Macbeth."
'--Nichols's _Literary History_, ed. 1848, vii. 373.
_Sir John Flayer 'On the Asthma_.'
(Vol. iv, p. 353.)
Johnson, writing from Ashbourne to Dr. Brocklesby on July 20, 1784, says:
'I am now looking into Floyer who lived with his asthma to almost his
ninetieth year.' Mr. Samuel Timmins, the author of _Dr. Johnson in
Birmingham_, informs me that he and two friends of his lately found
in Lichfield a Lending Book of the Cathedral Library. Among the entries
for 1784 was: '_Sir John Floyer on the Asthma_, lent to Dr. Johnson.'
Johnson, no doubt, had taken the book with him to Ashbourne.
Mr. Timmins says that the entries in this Lending Book unfortunately
do not begin till about 1760 (or later). 'If,' he adds, 'the earlier
Lending Book could be found, it would form a valuable clue to books
which Johnson may have borrowed in his youth and early manhood.'
_Boswell's expectations from Burke_.
(Vol. iv, p. 223, n. 2; and p. 258, n. 2.)
Boswell, in May 1783, mentioned to Johnson his 'expectations from the
interest of an eminent person then in power.' The two following extracts
from letters written by him show what some of these expectations had been.
'JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ. TO JAMES ABERCROMBIE, ESQ., of Philadelphia.
'I have a great wish to see America; and I once flattered myself that
I should be sent thither in a station of some importance.'
Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 317.
Boswell had written to Burke on March 3, 1778: 'Most heartily do I
rejoice that our present ministers have at last yielded to conciliation
(_ante_, iii. 221). For amidst all the sanguinary zeal of my countrymen,
I have professed myself a friend to our fellow-subjects in America, so
far as they claim an exemption from being taxed by the representatives
of the King's British subjects. I do not perfectly agree with you; for I
deny the declaratory act, and I am a warm Tory in its true constitutional
sense. I wish I were a commissioner, or one of the secretaries of the
commission for the grand treaty. I am to be in London this spring, and
if his Majesty should ask me what I would choose, my answer will be to
assist at the compact between Britain and America.'
--_Burke's Correspondence_, ii. 209.
_Boswelf's intention to attend on Johnson in his illness, and to publish
'Praises' of him._
(Vol. iv, p. 265.)
'JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ., TO BISHOP PERCY.
'Edinburgh, 8 March, 1784.
"...I intend to be in London about the end of this month, chiefly to
attend upon Dr. Johnson with respectful affection. He has for some time
been very ill...I wish to publish as a regale [_ante_, iii. 308, n. 2;
v. 347, n. 1] to him a neat little volume, _The Praises of Dr. Johnson,
by contemporary Writers_. ...Will your Lordship take the trouble to
send me a note of the writers you recollect having praised our much
respected friend?...An edition of my pamphlet [_ante_, iv. 258] has been
published in London."'
--Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 302.
_The reported Russian version of the 'Rambler'_.
(Vol. iv, p. 277, n. 1.)
I am informed by my friend, Mr. W. R. Morfill, M.A., of Oriel College,
Oxford, who has, I suppose, no rival in this country in his knowledge of
the Slavonic tongues, that no Russian translation of the Rambler has
been published. He has given me the following title of the Russian
version of _Rasselas_, which he has obtained for me through the kindness
of Professor Grote, of the University of Warsaw:--
'Rasselas, printz Abissinskii, Vostochnaya Poviest Sochinenie Doktora
Dzhonsona Perevod s'angliiskago. 3 chasti, Moskva. 1795.
'Rasselas, prince of Abyssinia, An Eastern Tale, by Doctor Johnson.
Translated from the English. 2 parts, Moscow, 1795.'
'_It has not wit enough to keep it sweet_.'
(Vol. iv, p. 320.)
'Heylyn, in the Epistle to his _Letter-Combate_, addressing Baxter,
and speaking of such "unsavoury pieces of wit and mischief" as "the
_Church-historian_" asks, "Would you not have me rub them with a little
salt to keep them sweet?" This passage was surely present in the mind
of Dr. Johnson when he said concerning _The Rehearsal_ that "it had not
wit enough to keep it sweet."'
--J. E. Bailey's _Life of Thomas Fuller_, p. 640.
_Pictures of Johnson_.
(Vol. iv, p. 421, n. 2.)
In the Common Room of Trinity College, Oxford, there is an interesting
portrait of Johnson, said to be by Romney. I cannot, however, find
any mention of it in the _Life_ of that artist. It was presented to
the College by Canon Duckworth.
_The Gregory Family_.
(Vol. v, p. 48, n. 3.)
Mr. P. J. Anderson (in _Notes and Queries_, 7th S. iii. 147) casts some
doubt on Chalmers' statement. He gives a genealogical table of the
Gregory family, which includes thirteen professors; but two of these
cannot, from their dates, be reckoned among Chalmers' sixteen.
_The University of St. Andrews in 1778_.
(Vol. v, p. 63, n. 2.)
In the preface to _Poems by George Monck Berkeley_, it is recorded
(p. cccxlviii) that when 'Mr. Berkeley entered at the University of
St. Andrews [about 1778], one of the college officers called upon him
to deposit a crown to pay for the windows he might break. Mr. Berkeley
said, that as he should reside in his father's house, it was little
likely he should break any windows, having never, that he remembered,
broke one in his life. He was assured that he _would_ do it at St.
Andrews. On the rising of the session several of the students said, "Now
for the windows. Come, it is time to set off, let us sally forth!"
Mr. Berkeley, being called upon, enquired what was to be done? They
replied, "Why, to break every window in college." "For what reason?"
"Oh! no reason; but that it has always been done from time immemorial."'
The Editor goes on to say that Mr. Berkeley prevailed on them to give
up the practice. How poor some of the students were is shown by the
following anecdote, told by the College Porter, who had to collect the
crowns. 'I am just come,' he said, 'from a poor student indeed. I went
for the window _croon_; he cried, begged, and prayed not to pay it,
saying, "he brought but a croon to keep him all the session, and he
had spent sixpence of it; so I have got only four and sixpence."' His
father, a labourer, who owned three cows, 'had sold one to dress his
son for the University, and put the lamented croon in his pocket to
purchase coals. All the lower students study by fire-light. He had
brought with him a large tub of oatmeal and a pot of salted butter, on
which he was to subsist from Oct. 20 until May 20.' Berkeley raised
'a very noble subscription' for the poor fellow.
In another passage (p. cxcviii) it is recorded that Berkeley 'boasted to
his father, "Well, Sir, idle as you may think me, I never have once
bowed at any Professor's Lecture." An explanation being requested of
the word _bowing_, it was thus given: "Why, if any poor fellow has
been a little idle, and is not prepared to speak when called upon by
the Professor, he gets up and makes a respectful-bow, and sits down
again."' Berkeley was a grandson of Bishop Berkeley.
_Johnson's unpublished sermons_.
(Vol. v, p. 67, n. i.)
'JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ., TO JAMES ABERCROMBIE, ESQ., of Philadelphia.
'June 11, 1792.
"I have not yet been able to discover any more of Johnson's sermons
besides those left for publication by Dr. Taylor. I am informed by the
Lord Bishop of Salisbury, that he gave an excellent one to a clergyman,
who preached and published it in his own name on some public occasion.
But the Bishop has not as yet told me the name, and seems unwilling to
do it. Yet I flatter myself I shall get at it."'
--Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 315.
_Tillotson's argument against the doctrine of transubstantiation._
(Vol. v, p. 71.)
Gibbon, writing of his reconversion from Roman Catholicism to
Protestantism in the year 1754, after allowing something to the
conversation of his Swiss tutor, says:--
'I must observe that it was principally effected by my private
reflections; and I still remember my solitary transport at the discovery
of a philosophical argument against the doctrine of transubstantiation--
_that_ the text of scripture which seems to inculcate the real presence
is attested only by a single sense-- our sight; while the real presence
itself is disproved by three of our senses--the sight, the touch, and
--_Memoirs of Edward Gibbon_, ed. 1827, i. 67.
_Jean Pierre de Crousaz_.
(Vol. v, p. 80.)
Gibbon, describing his education at Lausanne, says:--'The principles
of philosophy were associated with the examples of taste; and by a
singular chance the book as well as the man which contributed the most
effectually to my education has a stronger claim on my gratitude than
on my admiration. M. de Crousaz, the adversary of Bayle and Pope, is not
distinguished by lively fancy or profound reflection; and even in his
own country, at the end of a few years, his name and writings are almost
obliterated. But his philosophy had been formed in the school of Locke,
his divinity in that of Limborch and Le Clerc; in a long and laborious
life several generations of pupils were taught to think and even to
write; his lessons rescued the Academy of Lausanne from Calvinistic
prejudice; and he had the rare merit of diffusing a more liberal spirit
among the clergy and people of the Pays de Vaud.'
--_Memoirs of Edward Gibbon_, ed. 1827, i. 66.
_The new pavement in London._
(Vol. v, p. 84, n. 3.)
'By an Act passed in 1766, _For the better cleansing, paving, and
enlightning the City of London and Liberties thereof_, &c., powers
are granted in pursuance of which the great streets have been paved
with whyn-quarry stone, or rock-stone, or stone of a flat surface.'
--_A Tour through the whole Island of Great Britain_, ed. 1769,
vol. ii, p. 121.
_Boswell's Projected Works._
(Vol. v, p. 91, n. 2.)
To this list should be added an account of a Tour to the Isle of Man
(_ante_, iii. 80).
_A cancel in the first edition of Boswell's 'Journal of a Tour to the
(Vol. v, p. 151.)
In my note on the suppression of offensive passages in the second edition
of Boswell's _Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides_ (_ante_, v. 148), I
mention that Rowlandson in one of his _Caricatures_ paints Boswell
begging Sir Alexander Macdonald for mercy, while on the ground lie
pages 165, 167, torn out. I have discovered, though too late to mention
in the proper place, that in the first edition the leaf containing pages
167, 168, was really cancelled. In my own copy I noticed between pages 168
and 169 a narrow projecting slip of paper. I found the same in the copy
in the British Museum. Mr. Horace Hart, the printer to the University,
who has kindly examined my copy, informs me that the leaf was cancelled
after the sheets had been stitched together. It was cut out, but an edge
was left to which the new one was attached by paste. The leaf thus
treated begins with the words 'talked with very high respect' (_ante_,
v. 149) and ends 'This day was little better than a blank' (_ante_,
v. 151). This conclusion was perhaps meant to be significant to the
_Boswell's conversation with the King about the title proper to be
given to the Young Pretender._
(Vol. v, p. 185, n. 4.)
Dr. Lort wrote to Bishop Percy on Aug. 15, 1785:--
'Boswell's book [_The Tour to the Hebrides_], I suppose, will be out
in the winter. The King at his levee talked to him, as was natural, on
this subject. Boswell told his majesty that he had another work on the
anvil--a _History of the Rebellion in_ 1745 (_ante_, iii. 162); but
that he was at a loss how to style the principal person who figured
in it. "How would you style him, Mr. Boswell?" "I was thinking, Sire,
of calling him the grandson of the unfortunate James the Second." "That
I have no objection to; my title to the Crown stands on firmer ground
--on an Act of Parliament." This is said to be the _substance_ of a
conversation which passed at the levee. I wish I was certain of the
--Nichols's _Literary History_, vii. 472.
(Vol. v, p. 244, n. 2.)
Gibbon, after describing how he used to attend Voltaire's private theatre
at Monrepos in 1757 and 1758, continues:--
'The habits of pleasure fortified my taste for the French theatre, and
that taste has perhaps abated my idolatry for the gigantic genius of
Shakespeare, which is inculcated from our infancy as the first duty of
--_Memoirs of Edward Gibbon_, ed. 1837, i. 90.
(Vol. v, p. 357.)
Mr. C. E. Doble informs me that in the Bodleian Library 'there is a
characteristic letter of Archibald Campbell in a _Life of Francis
Lee_ in Rawlinson, J., 4to. 2. 197; and also a skeleton life of him
in Rawlinson, J., 4to. 5. 301.'
_Cocoa Tree Club._
(Vol. v, p. 386, n. 1.)
Gibbon records in his Journal on November 24, 1762, a visit to the Cocoa
'That respectable body, of which I have the honour of being a member,
affords every evening a sight truly English. Twenty or thirty, perhaps,
of the first men in the kingdom in point of fashion and fortune, supping
at little tables covered with a napkin, in the middle of a coffee-room,
upon a bit of cold meat or a sandwich, and drinking a glass of punch.
At present we are full of king's counsellors and lords of the bed-chamber,
who, having jumped into the ministry, make a very singular medley
of their old principles and language with their modern ones.'
--_Memoirs of Edward Gibbon_, ed. 1827, i. 131.
_Johnson's use of the word 'big'_.
(Vol. v, p. 425.)
On volume i, page 471, Johnson says: 'Don't, Sir, accustom yourself to
use big words for little matters.'
_Atlas, the Duke of Devonshire's race-horse._
(Vol. v, p. 429.)
Johnson, in his _Diary of a Journey into North Wales_, records on
July 12, 1774:--
'At Chatsworth..., Atlas, fifteen hands inch and half.'
Mr. Duppa in a note on this, says: 'A race-horse, which attracted so
much of Dr. Johnson's attention, that he said, "of all the Duke's
possessions I like Atlas best."'
Thomas Holcroft, who in childhood wandered far and wide with his father,
a pedlar, was at Nottingham during the race-week of the year 1756 or
1757, and saw in its youth the horse which Johnson so much admired in
its old age. He says: 'The great and glorious part which Nottingham held
in the annals of racing this year, arose from the prize of the King's
plate, which was to be contended for by the two horses which everybody
I heard speak considered as undoubtedly the best in England, and perhaps
equal to any that had ever been known, Childers alone excepted. Their
names were Careless and Atlas.....There was a story in circulation that
Atlas, on account of his size and clumsiness, had been banished to the
cart-breed; till by some accident, either of playfulness or fright,
several of them started together; and his vast advantage in speed
happening to be noticed, he was restored to his blood companions.....Alas
for the men of Nottingham, Careless was conquered. I forget whether it
was at two or three heats, but there was many an empty purse on that
night, and many a sorrowful heart.'
--_Memoirs of Thomas Holcroft_, i. 70.
Sir Richard Clough.
(Vol. v, p. 436.)
There is an interesting note on Sir Richard Clough, the founder of Bach
y Graig, in Professor Rhys's edition of Pennant's _Tours in Wales_
(vol. ii, p. 137). The Professor writes to me:--
'Sir Richard Clough's wealth was so great that it became a saying of the
people in North Wales that a man who grew very wealthy was or had become
a Clough. This has long been forgotten; but it is still said in Welsh,
in North Wales, that a very rich man is a regular _clwch_, which is
pronounced with the guttural spirant, which was then (in the 16th
century) sounded in English, just as the English word _draught_ (of
drink) is in Welsh _dracht_ pronounced nearly as if it were German.'
(Vol. v, p. 443.)
Evan Evans, who is described as being 'incorrigibly addicted to strong
drink,' was Curate of Llanvair Talyhaern, in Denbighshire, and author
of _Some Specimens of the Poetry of Antient Welsh Bards translated into
English_. London, R. & J. Dodsley, 1764. My friend Mr. Morfill informs
me that he remembers to have seen it stated in a manuscript note in a
book in the Bodleian, that 'Evan Evans would have written much more if
he had not been so much given up to the bottle.'
Gray thus mentions Evan Evans in a letter to Dr. Wharton, written in
'The Welsh Poets are also coming to light. I have seen a discourse in
MS. about them (by one Mr. Evans, a clergyman) with specimens of their
writings. This is in Latin; and though it don't approach the other
[Macpherson], there are fine scraps among it.'
--_The Works of Thomas Gray_, ed. by the Rev. John Mitford. London,
1858, vol. iii, p. 250.
INDEX TO THE ADDENDA.
ABERCROMBIE, James, lxii, lxvi.
ADDENBROKE, Dean, xxxiv.
ATLAS, the race-horse, lxix, lxx.
BARCLAY'S Answer to Kenrick's Review of Johnson's Shakespeare, xlviii.
BARETTI, Joseph, lvii.
BASKETT, Mr., xxxii.
BATHURST, Dr., Proposal for a _Geographical Dictionary_, xxi.
BAXTER, Richard, on toleration, xlix;
his doubt, liv;
rule of preaching, lx;
on the possible salvation of a suicide, lx;
on the portion of babies who die unbaptized, lxi.
BERKELEY, Dr., xlix.
BERKELEY, George Monck, lxv.
BOSWELL, James, Bishop Percy's Communications, lvii;
Johnson in his last illness, and to publish 'praises' of him, lxiii;
_Lurgan Clanbrassil_, li;
projected works, lxvii;
_Remarks on the
profession of a player_, lxi;
visit to Rousseau and Voltaire, xlvi.
BROWNE, Sir Thomas, lviii.
BROWNING, Mr. Robert, lii.
BURKE, Edmund, lxii.
CAMDEN, Lord, xlix.
CAMPBELL, Archibald, lxix.
'CAUTION' money, xxxii.
CLARENDON, Edward, Earl of, l.
CLARENDON PRESS, xxxii.
CLOUGH, Sir Richard, lxx.
COCOA TREE CLUB, lxix.
CROUSAZ, Jean Pierre de, lxvi.
DAVENPORT, William, xxxv.
DAVIES, Rev. J. Hamilton, xlix, liv, lx, lxi.
DODSLEY, Robert, xxvi.
_Don Belianis_, xli.
ENGLAND barren in good historians, xlix.
ENGLISH pulpit eloquence, lvii.
EVANS, Evan, lxxi.
EYRE, Mr., xxxii.
_Farm and its Inhabitants_, xlii, liii.
_Felixmarte of Hircania_, xli.
FLOYER, Sir John, lxii.
FOUNDLING HOSPITAL, l.
FRANKING LETTERS, xxxvii.
FREDERICK II. OF PRUSSIA, xlvi.
FRENCH WRITERS, their superficiality, xlvii.
FULLER, Thomas, _Life_, lxiv.
GARRICK, David, xli, xlv, lxi.
GIBBON, Edward, xlvii, lvii, lxvi, lxviii, lxix.
GOUGH, Richard, xxxiv.
GRAY, Thomas, lxxi.
GREGORY FAMILY, lxiv.
HARINGTON'S _Nugae Antiqua_, xxxv.
HAZLITT, William, lxi.
_History of the Marchioness de Pompadour_, xxix.
HOLCROFT, Thomas, lxx.
HUME, David, xlv.
'IT has not wit enough to keep it sweet,' lxiv.
JOHNSON, Michael, xl.
JOHNSON, Mr., a bookseller, xxix.
JOHNSON, Mrs., xliii.
JOHNSON, Samuel, advantages of having a profession or business, lviii;
advice about studying, xxxii;
anonymous publications, xxix;
application for the mastership of Solihull School, xliv;
citation of living authors in the Dictionary, lviii;
critics of three classes, xlv;
difference with Baretti, lvii;
discussion on baptism with Mr. Lloyd, liii;
knowledge of Italian, xliv;
Letters to William Strahan:
Apology about some work that was passing through the press, xxv;
apprenticing a lad to Mr. Strahan, and a presentation to the Blue
Coat School, xxxv;
Bathurst's projected _Geographical Dictionary_, xxi;
cancel in the _Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland_, xxxiii;
'copy' and a book by Professor Watson, xxxvii;
George Strahan's election to a scholarship, xxx;
Miss Williams, taxes due, and a journey, xxvii;
printing the _Dictionary_, xxv-xxviii;
Suppressions in _Taxation no Tyranny_, xxxvi;
letter to Dr. Taylor, xxxviii;
public interest in him, xlviii;
romantic virtue, xlviii;
transformation of an actor, lxi;
trips to the country, lviii; unpublished sermons, lxvi;
use of the word _big_, lxix.
JONES, Sir William, xxxi.
KENRICK, Dr. William xlviii.
LANGLEY, Rev. W., xxxv.
LETTSOM Dr., lvi
LICHFIELD, Cathedral, xxxiv;
City, and County, xl;
described by C. P. Moritz, liv.
LLOYD, Olivia, xlii.
LLOYD, Sampson, xlii, liii.
LOCKE, John, 1.
LONDON PAVEMENT, lxvii.
LORT, Dr., lxviii.
MASON, Rev. William, xxxix.
MAUD, Rev. Mr., lv.
MILLAR, Andrew, xxv, xxviii.
MITCHELL, Andrew, xlvi.
MORITZ, C. P., _Travels in England in_ 1782, liv, lv.
MORRISON'S, Mr. Alfred, _Collection of Autographs_, xxxviii, li.
NEWTON, Bishop Thomas, xxxiv.
The proposed Riding School, l;
in 1782, lv;
University College, xxx.
_Palmerin of England_, xli.
PARR, Dr., lix.
PERCY, Bishop, xlviii, lvii.
PIOZZI'S, Mrs., 'Collection of Johnson's Letters,' xlviii.
PLANTA, Joseph, 1.
PORTEOUS, Captain, xxvii.
PORTER, Henry, xliii.
PRETENDER, Young, lxviii.
PRIESTLEY, Dr. Joseph, lvi.
_Rambler_, reported Russian version, lxiii.
REYNOLDS, Sir Joshua, lx.
ROBERTSON, Dr. William, xxxvii.
ROUSSEAU, J. J., xlvi.
ROUTH, Dr., lix.
RUDD, Mrs., lii.
SCOTCH Nationality, xlix.
SHAKESPEARE'S Popularity, lxviii.
SHAW, Rev. Mr., xxxvii.
SHEPHERD, Mr. R. H., xlv.
SIMPSON, Rev. W. Sparrow, xxxiv.
SMART, Christopher, lii.
_Solamen miseris socios habuisse doloris_, lix.
ST. ANDREWS UNIVERSITY, lxv.
STEWART, Francis, xxvi.
STRAHAN, George, xxx.
STRAHAN, William, xxi, xxvi, xxxii, xxxiii, xxxvi, xxxviii.
SYNOD OF COOKS, xlvii.
TAYLOR, Dr. John, xxxviii.
TAYLOR, John, of Birmingham, xlii.
THRALE, Henry, xxxviii.
TILLOTSON, Archbishop, lxvi.
VACHELL, William, lvi.
VOLTAIRE, xlvi, lxviii.
_Walfords Antiquarian_, xlv.
WATSON, Rev. Professor, xxxvii.
WHITEHEAD, William, xxxix.
WILKES, John, xlv.
WILLIAMS, Miss, xxvii.
ABBREVIATING NAMES, Johnson's habit of, ii. 258, n. 1.
ABEL DRUGGER, iii. 35.
ABERCROMBIE, James, ii. 206, 241, n. 3.
ABERDEEN, second Earl of, v. 130.
ABERNETHY, Dr., iv. 272, n. 4.
ABERNETHY, Rev. John, v. 68.
ABINGDON, fourth Earl of, iii. 435, n. 4.
ABINGTON, Mrs., her jelly, ii. 349;
Johnson at her benefit, ii. 321, 324, 330;
She Stoops to Conquer, ii. 208, n. 5.
ABJURATION, oath of, ii. 321, n. 4.
ABNEY, Sir Thomas, i. 493, n. 3.
ABREU, Marquis of, i. 353.
ABRIDGMENTS, defended by Johnson, i. 140, n. 5; iv. 381, n. 1;
like a cow's calf, v. 72.
ABROAD, advice to people going, iv. 332.
ABRUPTNESS, i. 403.
ABSOLUTE PRINCES, ii. 370.
ABSTEMIOUS, Johnson, _not temperate_, i. 468.
ABSURDITIES, delineating, iv. 17.
ABUD,----, v. 253, n. 3.
ABUSE, coarse and refined, iv. 297.
_Abyssinia, A Voyage to_, i. 86.
_Academia delta Crusca_, i. 298, 443.
_Academy_, Mr. Doble's notes on the authorship of _The Whole Duty of Man_,
ii. 239, n. 4.
_Accommodate_, v. 310, n. 3.
_Account of an Attempt to ascertain the Longitude_, i. 274, n. 2, 301,
303, n. 1; ii. 125, n. 4.
_Account of the late Revolution in Sweden_, iii. 284.
_Account of Scotland in 1702_, iii. 242.
ACCOUNT-KEEPING, iv. 177.
ACCURACY, requires immediate record, ii. 217, n. 4;
and vigilance, iv. 361;
needful in delineating absurdities, iv. 17;
Johnson's sayings not accurately reported, ii. 333.
See BOSWELL, authenticity.
ACHAM, v. 454, n. 2.
ACHILLES, shield of, iv. 33.
_Acid_, ii. 362.
_Acis and Galatea_, iii. 242, n. 2.
ACQUAINTANCE, should be varied, iv. 176;
making new, iv. 374.
ACTING, iv. 243-4; v. 38.
ACTION IN SPEAKING, ridiculed, i. 334;
useful only in addressing brutes, ii. 211.
ACTORS. See PLAYERS.
_Ad Lauram parituram Epigramma_, i. 157.
_Ad Ricardum Savage_, i. 162, n. 3.
_Ad Urbanum_, i. 113.
ADAM, Robert, _Works in Architecture_, iii. 161.
ADAMITES, ii. 251.
ADAMS, George, _Treatise on the Globes_, ii. 44.
ADAMS, John, the American envoy, ii. 40, n. 4.
ADAMS, Rev. William, D.D., Boswell, letter to, i. 8;
everlasting punishment, on, iv. 299;
Hume, answers, i. 8, n. 2; ii. 441; iv. 377, n. a;
dines with him, ii. 441;
Johnson awed by him, i. 74;
and Boswell visit him in 1776, ii. 441;
in June, 1784, iv. 285;
well-treated, iv. 311;
and Chesterfield, i. 265-6;
and Dr. Clarke, iv. 416, n. 2;
_Dictionary_, i. 186;
hypochondria, i. 483;
last visit, iv. 376;
nominal tutor, i. 79;
_Prayers and Meditations_, iv. 376, n. 4;
projected book of family prayers, 293;
and Dr. Price, iv. 434;
projected _Bibliotheque_, i. 284;
projected _Life of Alfred_, i. 177;
undergraduate days, i. 26, n. l, 57, 59, 73; ii. 441;
will, not mentioned, in, iv. 402, n. 2;
Master of Pembroke College, v. 455, n. 2;
rector of St. Chad's, Shrewsbury, v. 455;
mentioned, i. 133, 134; v. 122, n. 2.
ADAMS, Mrs., iv. 285, 300.
ADAMS, Miss, defends women against Johnson, iv. 291;
describes him in letters, iv. 151, n. 2, 305, n. 1;
his death, iv. 376, n. 2;
his gallantry, iv. 292;
mentioned, iv. 285.
ADAMS, William, founder of Newport School, i. 132, n, 1.
ADAMS, the brothers, the architects, ii. 325.
ADBASTON, i. 132, n. 1.
ADDISON, Bonn's edition, iv. 190, n. 1;
borrows out of modesty, v. 92, n. 4;
Boswell's projected work, i. 225, n. 2;
Budgell's papers in the _Spectator_, iii. 46;
_Epilogue to The Distressed Mother_, ib.;
_Cato_, Dennis criticises it, iii. 40, n. 2;
Johnson, i. 199, n. 2;
Parson Adams praises it, i. 491, n. 3;
Prologue, i. 30, n. 2;
eight quotations added to the language, i. 199, n. 2;
quotations from it, 'Honour's a sacred tie,' v. 82;
'Indifferent in his choice,' iii. 68, n. 1;
The Numidian's luxury, iii. 282;
'obscurely good,' iv. 138, n. 1;
'Painful pre-eminence,' iii. 82, n. 2;
'the Romans call it Stoicism,' i. 333;
'Smothered in the dusty whirlwind,' v. 291;
'This must end 'em,' ii. 54, n. 2;
Christian religion, defence of the, v. 89, '2. 7;
conversation, ii. 256; iii. 339;
death of a piece with a man's life, v. 397, n. 1;
death-bed described by H. Walpole, v. 269, n. 2;
dedication of _Rosamond_, v. 376, n. 3;
encouraged a man in his absurdity, v. 243;
English historians, ii. 236, n. 2;
familiar day, his, iv. 91, n. 1;
_Freeholder_, i. 344, n. 4; ii. 61, n. 4, 319, n. 1;
Freeport, Sir Andrew, ii. 212; v. 328;
French learning, v. 310;
general knowledge in his time rare, iv. 217, n. 4;
ghosts, iv. 95;
Italian learning, ii. 346; v. 310;
Johnson praises him, i. 425;
judgment of the public, i. 200, n. 2;
Latin verses, i. 61, n. 1;
Leandro Alberti, ii. 346;
_Life_ by Johnson, iv. 52-4;
'mixed wit,' i. 179, n. 3;
Newton on space, v. 287, n. 1;
'nine-pence in ready money,' ii. 256;
_notanda_, i. 204;
party-lying, ii. 188, n. 2;
Pope's lines on him, ii. 85;
_procerity_, i. 308;
prose, iv. 5, n. 2;
_Remarks on Italy_, ii. 346; v. 310;
Socrates, projected tragedy on, v. 89, n. 7;
_Spectator_, his half of the, iii. 33;
dexterity rewarded by a king, iii. 231;
knotting, iii. 242, n. 3;
pamphleteer, iii. 319, n. 1;
portrait of a clergyman, iv. 76;
preacher in a country town, iv. 185, n. 1;
Sir Roger de Coverley's incipient madness, i. 63, n. 2; ii. 371;
death, ii. 370;
story of the widow, ii. 371;
Thames ribaldry, iv. 26;
_The Old Man's Wish_ sung to him, iv. 19, n. 1;
_Stavo bene_ &c., ii. 346;
Steele, loan to, iv. 52, 91;
style, i. 224, 225, n. 1;
Swift, compared with, v. 44;
wine, love of, i. 359; iii. 155; iv. 53, 398: v. 269, n. 2;
warm with wine when he wrote _Spectators_, iv. 91.
_Address of the Painters to George III_, i. 352.
_Address to the Throne_, i. 321.
ADDRESSES TO THE CROWN IN 1784, i. 311; iv. 265.
ADELPHI, built by the Adams, ii. 325, n, 3;
Beauclerk's 'box,' ii. 378, n. 1; iv. 99;
Boswell and Johnson at the rails, iv. 99;
Garrick's house, iv. 96.
ADEY, Miss, i. 38, 466; iii. 412; iv. 142.
ADEY, Mrs., ii. 388; iii. 393.
ADMIRATION, ii. 360.
ADOPTION, ancient mode of, i. 254.
_Adriani morientis ad animam suam_, iii. 420, n. 2.
ADULTERY, comparative guilt of a husband and wife, ii. 56; iii. 406;
confusion of property caused by it, ii. 55.
ADVENT-SUNDAY, ii. 288.
_Adventurer_, started by Hawkesworth, i. 234;
contributors, i. 252, n. 2, 253-4; v. 238;
Johnson's contributions, i. 252-5;
his love of London, i. 320;
papers marked T., i. 207.
_Adventures of a Guinea_, v. 275.
_Adversaria_, Johnson's, i. 205.
ADVERSARIES. See ANTAGONISTS.
_Advice to the Grub-Street Verse-Writers_, i. 143, n. 1.
ADVISERS, the common deficiency of, iii. 363.
_agri Ephemeris_, iv. 381.
AESCHYLUS, Darius's shade, iv. 16, n. 2;
Potter's translation, iii. 256.
_asop at Play_, iii. 191.
AFFAIRS, managing one's, iv. 87.
AFFECTATION, distress, of, iv. 71;
dying, in, v. 397;
familiarity with the great, of, iv. 62;
rant of a parent, iii. 149;
silence and talkativeness, iii. 261;
studied behaviour, i. 470;
bursts of admiration, iv. 27.
AFFECTION, descends, iii. 390;
natural, ii. 101; iv. 210;
AGAMEMNON, v. 79, 82, n. 4.
AGAR, Welbore Ellis, iii. 118, n. 3.
AGE, old. See OLD AGE.
AGE, present, better than previous ones, ii. 341, n. 3;
except in reverence for government, iii. 3;
and authority, iii. 262;
not worse, iv. 288;
querulous declamations against, iii. 226.
_Agis_, Home's, v. 204, n. 6.
_Agriculture, Memoirs of_, by R. Dossie, iv. 11.
AGUTTER, Rev. William, iv. 286, n. 3, 298, n. 2, 422.
AIKIN, Miss. See BARBAULD, Mrs.
AIR, new kinds of, iv. 237.
AIR-BATH, iii. 168.
AJACCIO, i. 119, n. 1.
AKENSIDE, Mark, M.D., Gray and Mason, superior to, iii. 32;
_Life_, by Johnson, iv. 56;
medicine, defence of, iii. 22, n, 4;
_Odes_, ii. 164;
_Pleasures of the Imagination_, i. 359; ii. 164;
Rolt's impudent claim, i. 359;
Townshend, friendship with, iii. 3.
AKERMAN,--, Keeper of Newgate, Boswell's esteemed friend, iii. 431;
courage at the Gordon riots, and at an earlier fire, ib.;
praised by Burke and Johnson, iii. 433;
profits of his office, iii. 431, n 1.
mentioned, iii. 145.
ALBEMARLE, Lord, _Memoirs of Rockingham_, iii. 460; v. 113, n. 1.
ALBERTI, LEANDRO, ii. 346; v. 310
_Albin and the Daughter of Mey_, v. 171.
ALCHYMY, ii. 376.
_Alciat's Emblems_, ii. 290. n. 4.
ALCIBIADES, his dog, iii. 231;
alluded to by William Scott, iii. 267.
ALDRICH, Dean, ii. 187, n. 3.
ALDRICH, Rev. S., i. 407, n. 3.
ALEPPO, iii. 369; iv. 22.
ALEXANDER THE GREAT, i. 250; ii. 194; iv. 274.
_Alexandreis_, iv. 181, n. 3.
ALFRED, _Life_, i. 177;
will, iv. 133, n. 2.
_Alias_, iv. 217.
ALKERINGTON, iv. 335, n. 1.
_All for Love_, iv. 114, n. 1.
ALLEN, Edmund, the printer, dinner at his house, i. 470;
Dodd, kindness to, iii. 141, 145;
Johnson's birth-day dinners, at, iii. 157, n. 3; iv. 135, n. 1,
239, n. 2;
imitated, iii. 269-270; iv. 92;
landlord and friend, iii. 141, 269;
letter from, iv. 228;
loan to, i. 5l2, n. 1;
pretended brother, exposes, v. 295;
grieves at his death, iv. 354, 360, 366, 369, 379.
_Marshall's Minutes of Agriculture_, iii. 313;
Smart's contract with Gardner, ii. 345;
mentioned, iii. 380.
ALLEN, Ralph, account of him, v. 80, n. 5;
Warburton married his niece, ii. 37, n. 1.
ALLEN, H., of Magdalen Hall, i. 336.
ALLEN, ----, i. 36, n. 2.
ALLESTREE, Richard, ii. 239, n. 4.
ALMACK'S, iii. 23, n. 1.
ALMANAC, history no better than an, ii. 366.
ALMON'S _Memoirs of John Wilkes_, i. 349, n. 1.
_Almost nothing_, ii. 446, n. 3; iii. 154, n. 1.
ALMS-GIVING, Fielding, condemned by, ii. 119, n. 4, 212, n. 2;
Johnson's practice, ii. 119; _ib. n._ 4;
money generally wasted, iv. 3;
better laid out in luxury, iii. 56;
Whigs, condemned by true, ii, 212.
ALNWICK CASTLE, Johnson, visited by, iii. 272, n. 3;
Pennant, described by, iii. 272-3;
mentioned, iv. 117, n. 1.
ALONSO THE WISE, ii. 238, n. 1.
ALTHORP, Lord (second Earl Spencer), iii. 424.
ALTHORP, Lord (third Earl Spencer), iii. 424, n. 4.
AMBASSADOR, a foreign, iii. 410;
Wotton's, Sir H., definition, ii. 170, n. 3.
AMBITION, iii. 39.
_Amelia. See_ FIELDING.
AMENDMENTS OF A SENTENCE, iv. 38.
AMERICA; Beresford, Mrs., an American lady, iv. 283;
Boston Port Bill, ii. 294, n. 1;
Burgoyne's surrender, iii. 355, n. 3;
Carolina library, i. 309, n. 2;
Chesapeak, iv. 140, n. 2.
City address to the King in 1781, iv. 139, n. 4;
Clinton, Sir Henry, iv. 140, n. 2;
Concord, iii. 314, n. 6;
Congress, ii. 312, 409, 479;
Constitutional Society, subscription raised by the, iii. 314, n. 6;
Convict settlements, ii. 312, n. 3;
Cornwallis's capitulation, iii. 355, n. 3; iv. 140, n. 2;
discovery of, i. 455, n. 3; ii. 479;
dominion lost, iv. 260, n. 2;
emigration to it an immersion in barbarism, v. 78:
See Emigration, and Scotland, emigration;
English opposition to the American war, iv. 81;
France, assistance from, iv. 21;
Franklin's letter to W. Strahan, iii. 364, n. 1:
See Dr. Franklin;
Georgia, i. 90, n. 3, 127, n. 4; v. 299;
Hume's opinion of the war, iii. 46, n. 5; iv. 194, n. 1;
independence, chimerical, i. 309, n. 2;
influence on mankind, i. 309, n. 2;
Irish Protestants well-wishers to the rebellion, iii. 408, n. 4;
Johnson 'avoids the rebellious land,' iii. 435, n. 4;
feelings towards the Americans, ii. 478-480; iii. 200-1; iv. 283;
calls them a 'race of convicts,' ii. 312;
'wild rant,' ii. 315, n. 1; iii. 290;
parody of _Burke on American taxation_, iv. 318;
_Patriot_, ii. 286;
relicks of, in America, ii. 207;
_Taxation no Tyranny_, ii. 312;
Lee, Arthur, agent in England, iii. 68, n. 3;
Lexington, iii. 314, n. 6;
libels in 1784, i. 116, n. 1;
life in the wilds, ii. 228;
literature gaining ground, i. 309, n. 2;
Loudoun, Lord, General in America, v. 372, n. 3;
Mansfield, Lord, approves of burning their houses, iii. 429, n. 1;
Markham's, Archbishop, sermon, v. 36, n. 3;
money sent to the English army, iv. 104;
New England, iv. 358, n. 2; v. 317;
North's, Lord, conciliatory propositions, iii. 221;
objects for observation, i. 367;
peace, negotiations of, iv. 158, n. 4;
preliminary treaty of, iv. 282, n. 1;
Pennsylvania, ii. 207, n. 2;
Philadelphia, i. 309, n. 2; iii. 364, n. 1; iv. 212, n. 1;
planters, ii. 27;
population, growth of, ii. 314;
_Rasselas_, reprint of, ii. 207;
Saratoga, iii. 355, n. 3;
slavery, England guilty of, ii. 479;
Susquehannah, v. 317;
taxation by England, ii. 312; iii. 205-7, 221; iv. 259, n. 1;
Virginia, ii. 27, n. 1; 479;
war with America popular in Scotland, iv. 259, n. 1;
war with the French in 1756-7, i. 308, n. 2; ii. 479; iii. 9, n. 1;
Walpole, Horace, on the slaveholders, iii. 200, n. 4;
Wesley's _Calm Address_, v. 35, n. 3;
York Town, iv. 140, n. 2.
AMHERST, Lord, iii. 374, n. 3.
AMIENS, ii. 402, n. 2.
AMORY, Dr. Thomas, iii. 174, n. 3.
key to character, iv. 316;
public, keep people from vice, ii. 169.
AMWELL, ii. 338.
AMYAT, Dr., i. 377, n. 2.
_Ana_, v. 311, n. 2, 414.
Baxter's edition, iv. 163, 241, 265; v. 376;
mentioned, ii. 202.
ANAITIS, the Goddess, v. 218, 220, 224.
_Anatomy of Melancholy_, ii. 121.
ANCESTRY, ii. 153, 261.
ANCIENT TIMES worse than Modern, iv. 217.
ANCIENTS, not serious in religion, iii. 10.
ANDERDON, J. L., iii. 195, n. 1.
ANDERSON, John, _Nachrichten von Island_, iii. 279, n. 1.
ANDERSON, Professor, of Glasgow, iii. 119; v. 369, 370.
ANDREWS, Francis, i. 489.
_Anecdote_, ii. 11, n. 1.
ANECDOTES, Johnson's love of, ii. 11; v. 39.
_Anecdotes of distinguished persons_, iii. 123, n. 1.
_Anfractuosity_, iv. 4.
ANGEL, Captain, i. 349.
ANGELL, John, _Stenography_, ii. 224; iii. 270.
ANGER, unreasonable, but natural, ii. 377.
ANIMAL, noblest, v. 400.
ANIMAL SUBSTANCES, v. 216.
ANIMALS. See BRUTES.
_Animus Aequus_, not inheritable, v. 381.
_Animus irritandi_, iv. 130.
_Aningait and Ajut_, iv. 421, n. 2.
_Annals of Scotland_. See LORD HAILES.
'touches' Johnson, i. 42;
grant to the Synod of Argyle, iii. 133;
writers of her age, i. 425.
ANNIHILATION, Hume's principle, iii. 153;
worse than existence in pain, 295-6; v. 180.
ANNUAL REGISTER, Barnard's verses on Johnson, iv. 431-3.
ANONYMOUS WRITINGS, iii. 376.
ANSON, Lord, i. 117, n. 2; iii. 374.
ANSTEY, Christopher, _New Bath Guide_, i. 388, n. 3.
ANSTRUTHER, J., ii. 191, n. 2.
_Ant, The_, ii. 25.
ANTAGONISTS, how they should be treated, ii. 442; v. 29.
_Anthologia_, Johnson's translations, iv. 384.
_Anti-Artemonius_, i. 148, n. 1.
_Antigallican_, i. 320.
ANTIMOSAICAL REMARK, ii. 468.
_Antiquae Linguae: Britannicae Thesaurus_, i. 186, n. 3.
ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES, iii. 333, 414.
ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY, iv. 436.
ANTIQUARIANS, iii. 278.
_Apartment_, ii. 398, n. 1.
APELLES'S VENUS, iv. 104.
APICIUS, ii. 447.
_Apocrypha_, ii. 189, n. 3.
_Apollonii pugna Belricia_, ii. 263.
APOLLONIUS RHODIUS, i. 289.
_Apophthegms of Johnson_, i. 190, n. 4; iv. 324.
APOSTOLICAL ORDINATION, ii. 103.
_Apotheosis of Milton_, i. 140.
APPARITIONS. See SPIRITS.
_Appeal to the publick_, etc. i. 140.
APPETITE, riding for an, i. 467, n. 2.
APPIUS, in the _Cato Major_, iv. 374.
APPLAUSE, iv. 32.
APPLE DUMPLINGS, ii. 132.
APPLEBY SCHOOL, in Leicestershire, i. 82, n. 2; 132, n. 1.
APPLICATION, to one thing more than another, v. 34-5.
APPREHENSIONS. See FANCIES.
ARABIC, iv. 28.
ARABS, v. 125.
ARBUTHNOT, Dr. John, _Dunciad_, annotations on the, iv. 306, n. 3;
_History of John Bull_, i. 452, n. 2; v. 44, n. 4;
illustrious physician, an, ii. 372;
_Memoirs of Martinus Scriblerus_, i. 452, n. 2; v. 44, n. 4;
universal genius, i. 425; v. 29, n. 2;
superior to Swift in coarse humour, v. 44.
ARBUTHNOT, Robert, v. 29, 32.
_Archaeological Dictionary_, iv. 162.
ARCHBISHOP, Johnson's bow to an, iv. 198.
ARCHES, semicircular, and elliptical, i. 35l.
ARCHITECTURE, ornamental, ii. 439.
ARESKINE, Sir John, v. 293.
ARGENSON,--, ii. 391.
ARGONAUTS, i. 458.
ARGUING, good-humour in, iii. 11.
ARGUMENT, compared with testimony, iv. 281-2;
getting the better of people in one, ii. 474;
opponent, introducing one's, ii. 475.
ARGYLE, first Marquis of, v. 357, n. 3.
ARGYLE, ninth Earl of, v. 357, n. 3.
ARGYLE, tenth Earl (first Duke) of, v. 227, n. 4.
ARGYLE, John, second Duke of, _Beggar's Opera_, sees the, ii. 369, n. 1;
Elwall, challenged by, ii. 164, n. 5;
Walpole as sole minister, attacks, ii. 355, n. 2.
ARGYLE, Archibald, third Duke of,
librarian, neglects his, i. 187; a narrow man, v. 345;
Wilkes visits him, iii. 73.
ARGYLE, John, fifth Duke of, at Ashbourne, iii. 207, n. 1;
Boswell calls on him, v. 353-4;
estates in Col. v. 293;
Tyr-yi, v. 312;
Iona, v. 335;
Gordon riots, rumour about him at the, iii. 430, n. 6;
Johnson dines with him, v. 355-9;
is provided by him with a horse, v. 359, 362;
corresponds with him, v. 363-4;
lawsuit with Sir A. Maclean, ii. 380, n. 4; iii. 101, 102.
ARGYLE, Duchess of (in 1752), i. 246.
ARGYLE, Elizabeth Gunning, Duchess of, account of her, v. 353, n. 1;
at Ashbourne, iii. 207, n. 1;
dislikes Boswell, v. 353;
slights him, v. 354, 358-9;
he drinks to her, v. 356;
Johnson undertakes to get her a book, v. 356, 363;
is 'all attention' to her, v. 359, 363;
calls her 'a Duchess with three tails', v. 359.
ARIAN HERESY, iv. 32.
ARIOSTO, i. 278; v. 368, n. 1.
ARISTOTLE, Barrow, quoted by, iv. 105, n. 4;
difference between the learned and unlearned, iv. 13;
friendship, on, iii. 386, n. 3;
Lydiat, attacked by, i. 194, n. 2;
lying, on, ii. 221, n. 2;
purging of the passions, iii. 39.
ARITHMETIC, Johnson's fondness for it, i. 72; iv. 171, n. 3, 271;
principles soon comprehended, v. 138, n. 2.
ARKWRIGHT, Richard, ii. 459, n. 1.
ARMORIAL BEARINGS, ii. 179.
ARMS, piling, iii. 355.
ARMSTRONG, Dr., iii. 117.
ARMY. See SOLDIERS.
ARNAULD, Antoine, iii. 347.
ARNE, Dr., v. 126, n. 5.
ARNOLD, Thomas, M.D., _Observations on Insanity_, iii. 175, n. 3.
ARRAN, Earl of, i. 281.
ARRIGHI, A., _Histoire de Pascal Paoli_, ii. 3, n. I; v. 51, n. 3.
_Art of Living in London_, i. 105, n. 1.
'ART'S CORRECTIVE,' v. 299.
ARTEMISIA, ii. 76.
ARTHRITICK TYRANNY, i. 179.
ARTICLES. See THIRTY-NINE ARTICLES.
ARTIFICIALLY, iii. 50, n. 4.
ARTISTS, Society of. See SOCIETY OF ARTISTS.
_Ascertain_, iii. 402, n. 2.
ASCHAM, Roger, bachelor's degree, takes his, i. 58, n. 3;
_Life_ by Johnson, i. 464;
quoted, i. 307, n. 2.
ASH, Dr., iv. 394, n. 4.
ASHBOURNE, church, iii. 180;
earthquake, iii. 136;
Green Man Inn, iii. 208;
Johnson's visits, iii. 451-3;
and the Thrales visit it in 1774, v. 430;
and Boswell in 1776, ii. 473-6;
in 1777, iii. 135-208;
school, ii. 324, n. 1; iii. 138;
two convicts of the town hang themselves, iv. 359;
water-fall, iii. 190.
ASHBY, i. 36, n. 3, 79, n. 2.
ASHMOLE, Elias, iii. 172; iv. 97, n. 3.
ASIATIC SOCIETY, ii. 125, n. 4.
ASSENT, a debt or a favour, iv. 320.
ASSYRIANS, ii. 176; iii. 36.
ASTLE, Rev. Mr., iv. 311.
ASTLE, Thomas, letter from Johnson, iv. 133;
mentioned, i. 155; iv. 311.
ASTLEY, the equestrian, iii. 409.
ASTOCKE, i. 79, n. 1.
ASTON, Catherine (Hon. Mrs. Henry Hervey), i. 83, n. 4.
ASTON, Margaret (Mrs. Walmsley), i. 83, n. 4; ii. 466.
ASTON, Miss (Mrs.), ii. 466, 469; iii. 132, 211, 412, 414; iv. 145, n. 2.
ASTON, 'Molly' (Mrs. Brodie), account of her, i. 83; ii. 466;
interest of money, on the, iii. 340-1;
Johnson's epigram on her, i. 83, n. 3; 140, n. 4; iii. 341, n. 1;
her letters to, iii. 341, n. 1;
quoted by, iii. 341, n. 1;
Lyttelton, Lord, preference for, iv. 57.
ASTON, Sir Thomas, i. 83, 106, n. 1.
ASTON HALL, ii. 456, n. 2.
ATHEISM, v. 47.
_Athelstan_, ii. 131, n. 2.
_Athenoeum, The_, Boswell's letters of acceptance as Secretary of the
Royal Academy, iii. 370, n. 1;
mistake in Forster's _Goldsmith_, ii. 208, n. 5.
_Athenian Letters_, i. 45, n. 2.
ATHENIANS, barbarians, ii. 171;
ATHOL, Earl of, ii. 7;
family of, v. 234.
_Athol porridge_, iv. 78.
ATLANTIC, Johnson on the, v. 163.
ATONEMENT, The, v. 88.
ATTACKS ON AUTHORS;
attack is the reaction, ii. 335
better to be attacked than unnoticed, iii. 375 v. 273
part of a man's consequence, iv. 422
'fame is a shuttlecock,' v. 400
very rarely hurt an author, iii. 423
useful, in subjects of taste, v. 275
felt by authors, ib. n. 1
Addison, Hume, Swift, Young on them, ii. 61, n. 4
Bentley, ii. 61, n. 4; v. 274, n. 4;
Boerhaave, ii. 61, n. 4
Fielding, v. 275, n. 1
_Rambler, Vicar of Wakefield_, Hume, and Boileau, iii. 375, n. 1
Johnson's solitary reply to one, i. 314; ii. 61, ib. n. 4.
ATTERBURY, Bishop, elegance of his English, ii. 95, n. 2
_Funeral Sermon on Lady Cutts_, ii. 228
_Sermons_, iii. 247
mentioned, i. 157.
ATTORNEY-GENERAL, _Diabolus Regis_, iii. 78.
ATTORNEYS converted into Solicitors, iv. 128, n. 3
Johnson's hits at them, ii. 126, ib. n. 4; iv. 313.
AUCHINLECK, Lord, account of him, v. 375-6, 382, n. 2
Baxter's _Anacreon_, collated, iv. 241
attentive to remotest relations, v. 131
Boswell's ignorance of law, ii. 21, n. 4; v. 108, n. 2
Boswell, his disposition towards: See BOSWELL, father
contentment, iii. 241; v. 381
death, iv. 154
'in a place where there is no room for Whiggism,' v. 385
described in a _Hypochondriack_, i. 426, n. 3
Douglas Cause, ii. 50, n. 4
entails his estate in perpetuity, ii. 413-4
Gillespie, Dr., _honorarium_ to, iv. 262
heirs general, preference for, ii. 414-5
calls Johnson a dominie, i. 96, n. 1; v. 382, n. 2
a Jacobite fellow, v. 376
_Ursa Major_, v. 384
a brute, ii. 381, n. 1; v. 384, n. 1
proposes to send him the _Lives_, iii. 372
visits him, v. 375-385
three topics in which they differ, v. 376
contest, v. 382-4
polite parting, v. 385
Knight the negro's case, iii. 216
Laird of Lochbury, trial of the, v. 343
loves labour, ii. 99;
planter of trees, iii. 103; v. 380
respected, v. 91, 131, 135
second wife, ii. 140, n. 1; v. 375, n. 4;
Boswell on ill terms with her, ii. 377, n. 1; iii. 80, n. 2
tenderness, want of, iii. 182
windows broken by a mob, v. 353, n. 1
mentioned, ii. 4, 206, 290, 291; iii. 129.
AUCHINLECK PLACE. See SCOTLAND, Auchinleck.
AUCTIONEERS, long pole at their door, ii. 349.
AUGUSTAN AGE, flattery, ii. 234.
AUGUSTUS, ii. 234, 470.
AULUS GELLIUS, v. 232.
AUSONIUS, i. 184; ii. 35, n. 5; iii. 263, n. 3.
AUSTEN, Miss, _Pride and Prejudice_, iii. 299, n. 2.
AUSTERITIES, religious. See MONASTERY.
AUSTRIA, House of, epigram on it, v. 233.
AUTEROCHE, Chappe d', iii. 340.
AUTHOR, an, of considerable eminence, iv. 323
one of restless vanity, iv. 319
who married a printer's devil, iv. 99
who was a voluminous rascal, ii. 109.
from personal respect, ii. 443
lessened, iii. 262.
attacks on them; See ATTACKS;
best part of them in their books, i. 450, n. 1;
chief glory of a people from them, i. 297, n. 3; ii. 125;
complaints of, iv. 172;
contrast between their life and writings, ii. 257, n. 1;
consolation in their hours of gloom, ii. 69, n. 3;
dread of them, i. 450, n. 1;
eminent men need not turn authors, iii. 182;
fit subjects for biography, iv. 98, n. 4;
flatter the age, v. 59;
hunted with a cannister at their tail, iii. 320;
Johnson consulted by them
'a man who wrote verses,' ii. 51;
Colley Cibber, ii. 92;
'a lank and reverend bard,' iii. 373'
Crabbe, iv. 121, n. 4;
a tragedy-writer, iv. 244, n. 2;
young Mr. Tytler, v. 402;
advises to print boldly, ii. 195;
advice very difficult to give, iii. 320;
willing to assist them, iii. 373, n. 1; iv. 121; v. 402;
put to the torture, ib.
_Project for the employment of Authors_, i. 306, n. 3;
wonders at their number, v. 59;
judgment of their own works, i. 192, n. 1; iv. 251, n. 2;
language characteristical, iv. 315;
lie, whether ever allowed to, iv. 305-6;
modern, the moons of literature, iii. 333;
obscure ones, i. 307, n. 2;
patrons, iv. 172;
patronage done with, v. 59;
_Adventurer_, two guineas a paper, i. 253;
Baretti, translation of some of Reynolds's _Discourses_ into Italian,
twenty-five guineas, iii. 96;
Blair, _Sermons_, vol. i, L200, vol. ii. L300, vol. iii. L600, iii. 98;
Boswell, _Corsica_, 100 guineas, ii. 46, n. 1;
_Critical Review_, two guineas a sheet, iv. 214, n. 2;
_Monthly_, sometimes four guineas, ib.;
Fielding, _Tom Jones_, L700, i. 287, n. 3;
Goldsmith, _Vicar of Wakefield_, L60, i. 415;
_Traveller_, L21, ib., n. 2;
Hawkesworth, L6000 for editing _Cook's Voyages_, i. 341, n. 4;
Hill, Sir John, fifteen guineas a week, ii. 38, n. 2;
Hooke, L5000 for the Duchess of Marlborough's _Apology_, v. 175, n. 3;
Johnson: See JOHNSON, payments for his writings;
payment by line, i. 193, n. 1;
Piozzi, Mrs., for Johnson's Letters, L500, ii. 43, n. 1;
Robertson offered L500 for one edition of his _History of Scotland_,
iii. 334, n. 2;
L6000 made by the publishers; offered 3000 guineas for _Charles V_,
ii. 63, n. 2;
Sacheverell, L100 for a sermon, i. 39, n. 1;
Shebbeare six guineas for a sheet for reviews, iv. 214;
Savage, _Wanderer_, ten guineas, i. 124, n. 4;
Whitehead, Paul, ten guineas for a poem, i. 124;
pleasure in writing for the journals, v. 59, n. 2;
privateers, like, iv. 191, n. 1;
private life, in, i. 393;
public, the, their judges, i. 200;
putting into a book as much as a book will hold, ii. 237;
regard for their first magazine, i. 112;
reluctance to write their own lives, i. 25, n. 1;
respect due to them, iii. 310; iv. 114;
sale of their works to the booksellers, iii. 333-4;
styles, distinguished by their, iii. 280;
treatment by managers of theatres, i. 196, n. 2;
writing for profit, iii. 162;
on subjects in which they have not practised, ii. 430.
_Authors by Profession_, i. 116.
AVARICE, despised not hated, iii. 71
not inherent, iii. 322.
AVENUES, v. 439.
AVERROES, i. 188, n. 4.
AVIGNON, iii. 446.
AYLESBURY, Lady, iii. 429, n. 3.
B--D, Mr., Johnson's letter to, ii, 207.
BABY, Johnson as nurse to one newborn, ii. 100.
BABYLON, i. 250.
BACH, ii. 364, n. 3.
BACON, Francis, _Advancement of Learning_, i. 34, n. 1;
argument and testimony, on, iv. 281;
conversation, precept for, iv. 236;
death, the stroke of, ii. 107, n. 1;
delight in superiority natural, iv. 164, n. 1;
_Essays_ estimated by Burke and Johnson, iii. 194, n. 1;