Part 1 out of 15
LIFE OF JOHNSON
INCLUDING BOSWELL'S JOURNAL OF A TOUR TO THE HEBRIDES
AND JOHNSON'S DIARY OF A JOURNEY INTO NORTH WALES
IN SIX VOLUMES
VOLUME VI: ADDENDA, INDEX, DICTA PHILOSOPHI, &C.
EDITED BY GEORGE BIRKBECK HILL, D.C.L.
PEMBROKE COLLEGE, OXFORD
M DCCC LXXXVII
TITLES OF WORKS QUOTED IN THE NOTES
ADDENDA (AUTOGRAPH LETTERS, ETC.)
TITLES OF MANY OF THE WORKS
QUOTED IN THE NOTES.
In my notes I have often given but brief references to the authors whom
I quote. The following list, which is not, however, so complete as I
could wish, will, I hope, do much towards supplying the deficiency.
Most of the poets, and a few of the prose writers also, I have not
found it needful to include, as my references apply equally well to
all editions of their works. The date in each case shows, not the
year of the original publication, but of the edition to which I have
ADDISON, Joseph, _Works_, 6 vols., London, 1862.
AIKIN, J. and A. L., _Miscellaneous Pieces in Prose_, 1773.
ALBEMARLE, Earl of, _Memoirs of the Marquis of Rockingham,_ 2 vols.,
ALMON, John, _Correspondence, etc. of John Wilkes_, 5 vols.,
ARRIGHI, A., _Histoire de Pascal Paoli_, 2 tom., Paris, 1843.
BACON, Francis, _Philosophical Works_, edited by Ellis, Spedding, and
Heath, 7 vols., London, 1857-62; _Life and Letters_, edited by
Spedding, Ellis, and Heath, 7 vols., London, 1869-74.
BAIN, Alexander, _Life of James Mill_, London, 1882.
BAKER, David Erskine, _Biographia Dramatica_. See REED, Isaac.
BARBAULD, Anna Letitia, _Works_, 2 vols., London, 1825; _Lessons for
Children_, London, 1878.
BARCLAY, Robert, _An Apology_, London, 1703.
BARETTI, Joseph, _Account of Manners and Customs of Italy_, 2 vols.,
London, 1769; _Journey from London to Genoa_, 4 vols., London, 1770;
_Tolondron_, London, 1786.
BARRY, James, _Works_, 2 vols., London, 1809.
BEATTIE, James, _Life_. See FORBES, Sir William.
BELLAMY, George Anne, _An Apology for the Life of George Anne Bellamy_,
5 vols., London, 1786.
BERRY, Miss, _Journal and Correspondence_, 3 vols., London, 1865.
BEST, Henry Digby, _Personal and Literary Memorials_,
BLACKIE, C., _Etymological Geography_, London, 1875.
BLACKSTONE, Sir William, _Commentaries_, 4 vols., Oxford, 1778.
BLAIR, Hugh, _A Critical Dissertation on the Poems of Ossian, the son of
Fingal_, London, 1765.
BOLINGBROKE, Lord Viscount, _Works, with Life by Dr. Goldsmith_, 8 vols.,
_Bookseller of the Last Century, being some account of the Life of John
Newbery_. By Charles WELSH, London, 1885.
BOSWELL, James, _British Essays in favour of the brave Corsicans_,
London, 1769; _Correspondence with the Honourable Andrew Erskine
and Journal of a Tour to Corsica_, edited by George Birkbeck Hill,
D.C.L., London, 1879; _The Cub at Newmarket_, 1762; _An Elegy on
the Death of an Amiable Young Lady_, with _An Epistle from Menalcas
to Lycidas_, 1761; _The Hypochondriack_, published in the _London
Magazine_, from 1777 to 1783; _Journal of a Tour to Corsica_: see above
under _Correspondence with the Hon. Andrew Erskine; Journal of a Tour
to the Hebrides_, first and second editions, 1785; third, 1786; fourth,
1807; _A Letter to the People of Scotland on the present state of the
Nation_, Edinburgh, 1783; _A Letter to the People of Scotland on the
Alarming Attempt to infringe the Articles of the Union and introduce a
Most Pernicious Innovation by Diminishing the Number of the Lords
of Session_, London, 1785; _Letters of James Boswell addressed to the
Rev. W.J. Temple_, London, 1857; _Ode to Tragedy_, 1661 (1761).
_Boswelliana, The Common-place Book of James Boswell_, edited by Rev.
C. Rogers, LL.D., London, Grampian Club, 1876.
_Boulter's Monument_, Dublin, 1745.
BOWEN, Emanuel, _A Complete System of Geography_, 2 vols., London, 1747.
BREWSTER, Sir David, _Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of
Sir Isaac Newton_, 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1860.
BRIGHT, John, M.P., _Speeches_, edited by James E. Thorold Rogers,
2 vols., London, 1869.
BRITISH MUSEUM MSS., Letters by Johnson to Nichols, Add. MS. 5159.
BROOME, Herbert, _Constitutional Law_, London, 1885.
BROWNE, Sir Thomas, _Works_, 4 vols., London, 1836.
BRYDONE, Patrick, _Tour through Sicily and Malta_, 2 vols., London, 1790.
BURKE, Edmund, _Correspondence of the Right Hon. Edmund Burke_, 4 vols.,
London, 1844. See PAYNE, E.J., and PRIOR, Sir James.
BURNET, Gilbert, Bishop of Salisbury, _History of his own Time_, 4 vols.,
London, 1818; _Vindication of the authority, &c. of the Church and
State of Scotland_, Glasgow, 1673.
BURNET, James (Lord Monboddo), _Origin of Languages_, 6 vols.,
BURNET, Thomas, _Sacred Theory of the Earth_, 2 vols., London, 1722.
BURNEY, Dr. Charles, _Present State of Music in France and Italy_,
London, 1771; _Present State of Music in Germany_, 2 vols., London,
1773; _Memoirs_: see D'ARBLAY, Madame.
BURNEY, Frances, _Evelina_, 2 vols., London, 1784. See D'ARBLAY,
Burns, Life of. By James CURRIE, in _Works of Burns_, 1 vol., 1846.
BURTON, John Hill, _Life and Correspondence of David Hume_, 2 vols.,
Edinburgh, 1846; _Reign of Queen Anne_, 3 vols, Edinburgh, 1880.
BUTLER, Samuel, _Hudibras_, 2 vols., London, 1806.
CALDERWOOD, Mrs., of Polton, _Letters and Journals_, Edinburgh, 1884.
_Cambridge Shakespeare_. See SHAKESPEARE.
CAMDEN, William, _Remains_, London, 1870.
CAMPBELL, John, Lord, _Lives of the Chancellors_, 8 vols., London, 1846;
_Lives of the Chief Justices_, 3 vols., London, 1849-57.
CAMPBELL, Dr. John, _Hermippus Redivivus; or, The Sage's Triumph over
Old Age and the Grave_, London, 1744.
CAMPBELL, Thomas, _Specimens of the British Poets_, London, 1845.
CAMPBELL, Rev. Dr. Thomas, _Diary of a Visit to England in_ 1775 _by an
Irishman_, Sydney, 1854; _A Philosophical Survey of the South of
CARLYLE, Rev. Alexander, D.D., _Autobiography_, Edinburgh, 1860.
CARLYLE, Thomas, _French Revolution_, 2 vols., London, 1857; _Oliver
Cromwell's Letters and Speeches_, 3 vols., London, 1857; _Miscellanies_,
CARSTARES, Rev. William, _State Papers_, Edinburgh, 1774.
CARTE, Thomas, _History of the Life of James, Duke of Ormonde_, 3 vols.,
CARTER, Elizabeth, _Memoirs of her Life_, by Montagu Pennington, 2 vols.,
_Carter and Talbot Correspondence_, 4 vols., London, 1809.
CAVENDISH, H., _Debates of the House of Commons_, 2 vols., London, 1841-2.
CHALMERS, Alexander, _General Biographical Dictionary_, 32 vols., London,
1812-17; _British Essayists_, 38 vols., London, 1823.
CHALMERS, George, _Life of Ruddiman_, London, 1794.
CHAMBERS, Ephraim, _Cyclopaedia_, 2 vols., London, 1738.
CHAMBERS, Dr. Robert, _History of the Rebellion in Scotland in_ 1745,
1746, Edinburgh, 1827; _Traditions of Edinburgh_, 2 vols.,
CHAPONE, Mrs. Hester, _Letters on the Improvement of the Mind, with the
Life of the Author_, London, 1806; _Posthumous Works_, 2 vols.,
CHAPPE D'AUTEROCHE, _Voyage en Siberie_, 2 tom., Paris, 1768.
CHARLEMONT, Earl of, _Memoirs_. See HARDY, Francis.
CHATHAM, Earl of, _Correspondence_, 4 vols., London, 1838.
CHESTERFIELD, Earl of, _Letters to his Son_, 4 vols., London, 1774;
_Miscellaneous Works_, 4 vols., London, 1779.
CHEYNE, Dr. George, _English Malady, or a Treatise of Nervous Diseases
of all Kinds_, London, 1733.
CHURCHILL, Charles, _Poems_, 2 vols., London, 1766.
CLARENDON, Edward, Earl of, _History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in
England_, 8 vols., Oxford, 1826.
COCKBURN, Henry Thomas (Lord), _Life of Lord Jeffrey_, 2 vols.,
COLLINS, Arthur, _The Peerage of England_, 5 vols., London, 1756.
COLMAN, George, _Comedies of Terence_, 2 vols., London, 1768; _Prose on
Several Occasions_, 3 vols., London, 1787.
COLMAN, George, Junior, _Random Records_, 2 vols., London, 1830.
_Contemplation_, London, 1753.
CONWAY, Moncure, _Thomas Carlyle_, London, 1881.
COOKE, William, _Memoirs of Charles Macklin_, London, 1806.
COURTENAY, John, _A Poetical Review of the Literary and Moral Character
of the late S. Johnson_, London, 1786.
COWPER, William, _Life_. See under SOUTHEY.
COXE, Rev. William, _Memoirs of Sir Robert Walpole_, 3 vols., London,
CRABBE, Rev. George, _Life and Poems_, 8 vols., London, 1834.
CRADOCK, Joseph, _Literary Memoirs_, 4 vols., London, 1828.
CROKER, Right Hon. John Wilson, _Boswell's Life of Johnson_, 1 vol. 8vo.,
London, 1866; _Correspondence and Diaries_, edited by Louis J. Jennings,
3 vols., London, 1884.
CUMBERLAND, Richard, _Memoirs_, 2 vols., London, 1807.
DALRYMPLE, Sir David (Lord Hailes), _Remarks on the History of Scotland_,
DALRYMPLE, Sir John, _Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland_, Edinburgh
and London, 1771-8.
D'ARBLAY, Madame, _Diary and Letters_, 7 vols., London, 1842; _Memoirs
of Dr. Burney_, 3 vols., London, 1832.
DAVIES, Thomas, _Dramatic Miscellanies_, 3 vols., London, 1785; _Memoirs
of the Life of David Garrick_, 2 vols., London, 1781; _Miscellaneous
and Fugitive Pieces_, 3 vols., London, 1773-4.
DEAN, Rev. Richard, _Essay on the Future Life of Brutes_,
DELANY, Dr., _Observations on Swift_, London, 1754.
DE QUINCEY, Thomas, _Works_, 16 vols., Edinburgh, 1862.
DICEY, Professor Albert Venn, _Lectures introductory to the Study of the
Law of the Constitution_, London, 1885.
DIDEROT, Denys, _Oeuvres_, Paris, 1821.
D'ISRAELI, Isaac, _Calamities of Authors_, 2 vols., London, 1812;
_Curiosities of Literature_, 6 vols., London, 1834.
DOBLE, C.E., _Thomas Hearne's Remarks and Collections_, vol. i., Oxford,
DODD, Rev. Dr. William, _The Convict's Address to his Unhappy Brethren_,
DODSLEY, Robert, _A Muse in Livery; or, The Footman's Miscellany_,
London, 1732; _Collection of Poems by Several Hands_, 6 vols.,
DRUMMOND, William, of Hawthorne-denne, _Flowers of Sion_, Edinburgh,
1630; _Polemo-Middinia_, Oxford, 1691.
DRYDEN, John, _Comedies, Tragedies, and Operas_, 2 vols., London, 1701.
DUMONT, Etienne, _Recollections of Mirabeau_, London, 1835.
DUPPA, R., _Diary of a Journey into North Wales in the year 1774, by
Samuel Johnson_, London, 1816. (See _ante_, vol. v. p. 427.)
_Edinburgh Review_, Edinburgh, 1753.
ELDON, Lord Chancellor, _Life_. See Twiss, Horace.
ELWALL, E., _The Grand Question in Religion Considered_, London.
ERASMUS, _Adagiorum Chiliades_, 1559; _Colloquia Familiaria_, 2 vols.,
_Farm and its Inhabitants, with some Account of the Lloyds of Dolobran_,
by Rachel J. Lowe, privately printed, 1883.
FIELD, Rev. William, _Memoirs of the Rev. Samuel Parr_, LL.D., 2 vols.,
FIELDING, Henry, _Works_, 10 vols., London, 1806.
FITZGERALD, Percy, _The Life of David Garrick_, 2 vols., London,
FITZMAURICE, Lord Edmond, _Life of William, Earl of Shelburne_, 3 vols.,
FORBES, Sir William, _Life of James Beattie_, London, 1824.
FORSTER, John, _Historical and Biographical Essays_, 2 vols., London,
1858; _Life and Times of Oliver Goldsmith_, 2 vols., London,
Foss, Edward, _Lives of the Judges of England_, 9 vols., London, 1848-64.
_Foundling Hospital for Wit_, London, 1771-3.
FRANKLIN, Dr. Benjamin, _Memoirs_, 6 vols., London, 1818.
FREDERICK II (the Great), of Prussia, _Oeuvres_, 30 tom., Berlin, 1846-56.
FROUDE, James Anthony, _Thomas Carlyle_, vols. i. and ii., London, 1882;
vols. iii. and iv., 1885.
GARDEN, F. (Lord Gardenston), _Miscellanies_, Edinburgh, 1792.
GARRICK, David, _Private Correspondence_, 2 vols., London, 1831; _Life_:
see DAVIES, Thomas; FITZGERALD, Percy; and MURPHY, Arthur.
GIBBON, Edward, _Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire_, 12 vols.
London, 1807; _Miscellaneous Works_, 5 vols., London, 1814.
GOLDSMITH, Oliver, _History of the Earth and Animated Nature_, 8 vols.,
London, 1779; _Miscellaneous Works_, 4 vols., London, 1801; _Works_,
edited by Cunningham, 4 vols., London, 1854.
GRAY, Thomas, _Works, with Memoirs of his Life_, by the Rev. William
Mason, 2 vols., London, 1807; _Works_, edited by the Rev. John Mitford,
5 vols., London, 1858; _Works_, edited by Edmund Gosse, London, 1884.
GREVILLE, Charles C.F., _Greville Memoirs_, edited by Henry Reeve,
3 vols., London, 1874; second part, 3 vols., London, 1885.
GRIMM, Baron, _Correspondance Litteraire_, 1829.
HALL, Robert, _Works_, 6 vols., London, 1834.
HAMILTON, Right Hon. William Gerard, _Parliamentary Logick_, London,
HAMILTON, William, of Bangour, _Poems_, Edinburgh, 1760.
HARDY, Francis, _Memoirs of the Earl of Charlemont_, 2 vols., London,
HARGRAVE, Francis, _An Argument in the Case of James Sommersett_,
HARWOOD, Rev. Thomas, _History of Lichfield_, Gloucester, 1806.
HAWKESWORTH, John, _Voyages of Discovery in the Southern Hemisphere_,
3 vols., London, 1773.
HAWKINS, Sir John, _Life of Samuel Johnson_, London, 1787; Johnson's
_Works_: See JOHNSON, Samuel.
HAWKINS, Laetitia Matilda, _Memoirs, Anecdotes, &c._, 2 vols., London,
HAYWARD, Abraham, _Mrs. Piozzi's Autobiography_, 2 vols., London, 1861.
HAZLITT, William, _Conversations of James Northcote, R.A._, London, 1830.
HEARNE, Thomas, _Remains_, edited by Philip Bliss, 3 vols., London, 1869;
_Remarks and Collections_, edited by C.E. Doble, vol. i., Oxford, 1885.
_Herodotus_, edited by Rev. J.W. Blakesley, 2 vols., London, 1854.
HERVEY, Rev. James, _Meditations_, London, 1748.
HILL, George Birkbeck, _Dr. Johnson: his Friends and his Critics_,
London, 1878; _Boswell's Correspondence with the Hon. Andrew Erskine, and
Journal of a Tour to Corsica_, London, 1879.
HOGG, James, _Jacobite Relics_, 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1819.
HOLCROFT, Thomas, _Memoirs_, 3 vols., London, 1816.
HOME, Henry. See KAMES, Lord.
HORNE, Dr. George, Bishop of Norwich, _A Letter to Adam Smith_, Oxford,
1777; _Essays and Thoughts on Various Subjects_, London, 1808.
HORNE, Rev. John. See TOOKE, Horne.
HORREBOW, Niels, _Natural History of Iceland_, London, 1758.
_House of Lords, Scotch Appeal Cases_, vol. xvii.
HOWELL, James, _Epistoloe_, London, 1737.
HOWELL, T.B. and T.J., _State Trials_, 33 vols., London, 1809-1826.
HUME, David, _Essays_, 4 vols., London, 1770; _History of England_,
8 vols., London, 1802; _Private Correspondence_, London, 1820; _Life_:
see BURTON, John Hill.
HUSBANDS, J., _A Miscellany of Poems_, Oxford, 1731.
HUTTON, William, _History of Derby_, London, 1791; _Life_, London, 1816.
JAMES, Robert, M.D., _Dissertation on Fevers_, London, 1770.
JEFFREY, Lord, _Life_. See COCKBURN, H.J.
JOHNSON, Samuel, _Annals of Johnson, being an Account of the Life of
Dr. Samuel Johnson from his Birth to his Eleventh Year_, London,
1805; _Diary of a Journey into North Wales_: see DUPPA, R; _Dictionary_,
first edition, London, 1755; fourth edition, London, 1773;
_Abridgment_, London, 1766; _Letters_, published by Hester Lynch
Piozzi, 2 vols., London, 1788; _Life_, printed for G. Kearsley, London,
1785; _Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the late Dr. Samuel
Johnson_, printed for J. Walker, London, 1785; _Prayers and Meditations
composed by Samuel Johnson_, second edition, London, 1785;
_Rasselas_, edited by the Rev. W. West, London, 1869; _Works_, edited
by Sir John Hawkins, 13 vols. (the last two vols. by the Rev. Percival
Stockdale), London, 1787-9: vol. xi. contains a collection of Johnson's
_Apophthegms; Works_, 9 vols.; _Parliamentary Debates_, 2 vols. (11 vols.
in all), Oxford, 1825.
_Johnsoniana_, published by John Murray, London, 1836.
JOHNSTONE, John. See PARR, Samuel.
JONES, Sir William. See TEIGNMOUTH, Lord.
JONSON, Ben, _Works_, 7 vols., London, 1756.
KAMES, Lord (Henry Home), _Sketches of the History of Man_, 4 vols.,
KING, Dr. William, Principal of St. Mary Hall,_ Anecdotes of His Own
Times_, London, 1819.
KING, William, Archbishop of Dublin, _Essay on the Origin of Evil_,
edited by Bishop Law, 1781.
KNIGHT, Charles, _English Cyclopedia (Biography)_, 6 vols.,
KNOX, Rev. Dr. Vicesimus, _Works_, 7 vols., London, 1824.
LAMB, Charles, _Works_, edited by Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd,
LANDOR, Walter Savage, _Works_, 8 vols., London, 1874.
LANGTON, Bennet, _Collection of Anecdotes of Dr. Johnson_, _ante_,
LAW, Bishop Edmund. See KING, Archbishop.
LECKY, W.E.H., _History of England in the Eighteenth Century_, 4 vols.
LESLIE, Charles Robert, R.A., _Autobiographical Recollections_, London
LESLIE, Charles Robert, R.A., and TOM TAYLOR, _Life and Times of Sir
Joshua Reynolds_, 2 vols., London, 1865.
_Lexiphanes: a Dialogue_, London, 1767.
LITTLETON, Dr. Adam, _Linguae Latinae Liber Dietionarius_, London, 1678
LOCKE, John, _Works_, London, 1824.
LOCKHART, J. G., _Memoirs of the Life of Sir Walter Scott_, Bart.,
10 vols., Edinburgh, 1839.
LOFFT, Capel, _Reports of Cases_, London, 1776.
_London and its Environs_, Dodsley, 6 vols., London, 1761.
LOWE, Charles, _Prince Bismarck; an Historical Biography_, 2 vols.,
LOWNDES, William Thomas,_ Bibliographer's Manual_, 4 vols., London, 1871.
MACAULAY, Rev. Kenneth, _History of St. Kilda_, London, 1764.
MACAULAY, Thomas Babington, _Critical and Historical Essays_, 3 vols.,
London, 1843, and 4 vols., 1874; _History of England_, 8 vols.,
London, 1874; _Miscellaneous Writings and Speeches_, London, 1871;
_Life_: see TREVELYAN, George Otto.
MACKENZIE, Sir George, _Works_, Edinburgh, 1716-22.
MACKENZIE, Henry, _Life of John Home_, Edinburgh, 1822.
MACKINTOSH, Sir James, _Memoirs of his Life_, 2 vols., London, 1836.
MACKLIN, Charles, _Life_. See COOKE, William.
McNEILL, P., _Tranent and its Surroundings_, 2nd ed., Edinburgh and
MADAN, Rev. Martin, _Thoughts on Executive Justice_, London, 1785.
MAHON, Lord. See STANHOPE, Earl.
MAINE, Sir Henry Sumner, _Lectures on Early History of Institutions_,
MAITTAIRE, M., _Senilia_, London, 1742.
MANDEVILLE, Bernard, _Fable of the Bees_, 1724.
MARSHALL, William, _Minutes on Agriculture_, London, 1799.
MARTIN, M., _A Description of the Western Islands_, London, 1716;
_Voyage to St. Kilda_, London, 1753.
MASON, William, _Life of Gray_. See GRAY, Thomas.
MAXWELL, Rev. Dr. William, _Collectanea_, _ante_, ii. 116-133.
MICKLE, William Julius, _The Lusiad_, Oxford, 1778.
MILL, James, _History of British India_, London, 1840; _Life_: see BAIN,
MILL, John Stuart, _Autobiography_, London, 1873; _Principles of
Political Economy_, 2 vols., London, 1865.
_Modern Characters from Shakespeare_, London, 1778.
MONBODDO, Lord. See BURNET, James.
MONTAGU, Mrs. Elizabeth, _Essay on the Writings of Shakespeare_, London,
1769; _Letters_, 4 vols., London, 1810.
MONTAGUE, Lady Mary Wortley, _Letters_, London, 1769.
MOORE, John, M.D., _Journal during a Residence in France_, 2 vols.,
London, 1793; _Life of Smollett_, 1797; _View of Society and Manners
in France, Switzerland, and Germany_, 2 vols., London, 1789.
MOORE, Thomas, _Life of R.B. Sheridan_, 2 vols., London, 1825.
MORE, Hannah, _Life and Correspondence_, 4 vols., London, 1834.
MORRIS, William, _AEneids of Virgil done into English verse_, London,
MORRISON, Alfred, _Catalogue of the Collection of Autograph Letters,
&c._, formed by Alfred Morrison, edited by A. W. Thibaudeau, printed
for private circulation, London, 1883.
MUNK, William, _The Roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London_,
3 vols., London, 1878.
MURPHY, Arthur, _Essay on the Life and Genius of Samuel Johnson_,
London, 1792; _Life of David Garrick_, Dublin, 1801.
MURRAY, John, _Guide to Scotland_, London, 1867, 1883; _Johnsoniana_,
NAPIER, Rev. Alexander, _Boswell's Life of Johnson_, 5 vols., London,
_New Foundling Hospital for Wit_, 3 vols., London, 1769.
NEWMAN, John Henry, _History of my Religious Opinions_, London, 1865.
NEWTON, Rev. John, _An Authentic Narrative of some remarkable and
interesting particulars in the Life of_, London, 1792.
NEWTON, Thomas, Bishop of Bristol, _Works_, 3 vols., London, 1782.
NICHOLS, John, _Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century_, 9 vols.,
London, 1812-15; _Literary History_, 8 vols., London, 1817-58.
_Ninth Report of the Commissioners of the Post-office_, London, 1837.
NORTHCOTE, James, _Life of Sir Joshua Reynolds_, 2 vols., London, 1819.
See HAZLITT, William, for Northcote's _Conversations_.
_Nouvelle Biographie Generale_, 46 vols., Paris, 1855-1866.
O'LEARY, Rev. Arthur, _Remarks on the Rev. Mr. Wesley's Letters_, Dublin
ORRERY, ---- John, fifth Earl of Orrery and Corke, _Remarks on the Life
and Writings of Dr. Swift_, London, 1752.
ORTON, Job, _Memoirs of Doddridge_, Salop, 1766.
_Oxford during the Last Century_ [by G. Roberson and J.R. Green],
PALEY, Rev. William, D.D., _Principles of Philosophy_, London, 1786.
_Parliamentary History of England_, 33 vols., London, 1806.
PARR, Samuel, LL.D., _Works, with Memoir_, by John Johnstone, M.D.
8 vols., London, 1828. See FIELD, Rev. William.
PATERSON, Daniel, _British Itinerary_, 2 vols., London, 1800.
PATTISON, Mark, _Memoirs_, London, 1885. See POPE, Alexander.
PAYNE, E.J., _Select Works of Burke_, 2 vols., Oxford, 1874.
PENNANT, Thomas, _Literary Life_, London, 1793; _Tour in Scotland_,
_Penny Cyclopaedia_, 27 vols., London, 1833.
PEPYS, Samuel, _Diary and Correspondence_, 5 vols., London, 1851.
PHILIPPS, Erasmus, _Diary_, published in _Notes and Queries_, second
series, x. 443.
PILKINGTON, James, _A View of the Present State of Derbyshire_, 2 vols.,
PINKERTON, John, _Voyages_, 17 vols., London, 1808-1814.
PIOZZI, Hester Lynch, _Anecdotes of the late Samuel Johnson_,
fourth edition, London, 1786; _Autobiography: see_ under HAYWARD,
Abraham; _British Synonymy_, 2 vols., London, 1794; _Journey through
France, Italy, and Germany_, 2 vols., London, 1789.
_Piozzi Letters. See_ under JOHNSON, Samuel.
POPE, Alexander, _Works_, edited by Rev. W. Elwin and W.J. Courthope,
10 vols., London, 1871-86; _Satires and Epistles_, edited by Mark
Pattison, Oxford, 1872.
PORSON, Richard, _Tracts and Miscellaneous Criticisms_, London, 1815.
PRIESTLEY, Joseph, _Works_, 25 vols., London, 1817-31.
PRIOR, Sir James, _Life of Edmund Burke_ (Bohn's British Classics),
London, 1872; _Life of Oliver Goldsmith_, 2 vols., London, 1837;
_Life of Edmond Malone_, London, 1860.
_Probationary Odes for the Laureateship_, London.
PSALMANAZAR, George, _Historical and Geographical Description of Formosa_,
London, 1704; _Memoirs_, London, 1764.
RADCLIFFE, John, _Some Memoirs of his Life_, London, 1715.
RANKE, Professor, _The Popes of Rome_. Translated from the German by
Sarah Austin, 3 vols., London, 1866.
_Recreations and Studies of a Country Clergyman of the Eighteenth Century.
See_ TWINING, Rev. Thomas.
REED, Isaac, _Baker's Biographia Dramatica_, 3 vols., London, 1812.
REYNOLDS, Sir Joshua, _Life_: see under LESLIE and NORTHCOTE; _Works_,
3 vols., London, 1824.
RICHARDSON, Samuel, _Correspondence_, 6 vols., London, 1804; _One hundred
and seventy-three Letters written for particular Friends on the most
important occasions_, seventh edition, London, no date.
RITSON, Joseph, _English Songs_, 3 vols., London, 1813.
ROBINSON, Henry Crabb, _Diary, Reminiscences, and Correspondence_,
3 vols., London, 1869.
ROGERS, Samuel, _Table Talk_, London, 1856.
_Rolliad, The_, London, 1795.
ROMILLY, Sir Samuel, _Memoirs of his Life_, 3 vols., London, 1840.
ROSE, Hugh James, _New General Biographical Dictionary_, 12 vols.,
RUSKIN, John, _Lectures on Architecture and Painting_, London, 1854;
_Praeterita_, Orpington, 1886.
SACHEVERELL, W., _An Account of the Isle of Man, with a Voyage to
I-Columb-Kill_, London, 1702.
SAVAGE, Richard, _Works_, 2 vols., London, 1777.
SCOTT, Sir Walter, _Life of Swift_, London, 1834; Novels, 41 vols.,
Edinburgh, 1860; _Life_: See under LOCKHART.
SELWYN, George, _Life and Correspondence_. By J.H. Jesse, 4 vols.,
_Session Papers of Old Bailey Trials for 1758_, London.
SEWARD, Anna, _Elegy on Captain Cook_, London, 1781; _Letters_, 6 vols.,
SEWARD, William, _Anecdotes of Distinguished Persons_, 4 vols., London,
1798; _Biographiana_, 2 vols., London, 1799.
Shakespeare, edited by W.G. Clark and W. Aldis Wright, 9 vols.,
SHELBURNE, Earl of, _Life_. See FITZMAURICE, Lord Edmond.
SHENSTONE, William, _Works_, 3 vols., London, 1773.
SMART, Christopher, _Poems on Several Occasions_, London, 1752.
SMOLLETT, Tobias, _History of England_, 5 vols., London, 1800; _Travels
through France and Italy_, 2 vols., London, 1766.
SOUTHEY, Robert, _Life and Correspondence_, 6 vols., London, 1849;
_Life and Works of William Cowper_, 15 vols., London, 1835; _Life of John
Wesley_, 2 vols., London, 1846.
SPENCE, Rev. Joseph, _Anecdotes_, London, 1820.
_Spiritual Quixote_, 3 vols., London, 1773.
STANHOPE, Earl, _History of England_, 7 vols., London, 1836-1854;
_History of the War of the Succession in Spain_, London, 1832-3;
_Life of William Pitt_, 4 vols., London, 1861.
STANLEY, Arthur Penrhyn, _Historical Memorials of Westminster Abbey_,
STEELE, Sir Richard, _Apology for Himself and his Writings_, London,
STEPHENS, Alexander, _Memoirs of Horne Tooke_, 2 vols., London, 1813.
STERNE, Lawrence, _Sentimental Journey_, 2 vols., London, 1775.
STEWART, Dugald, _An Account of the Life and Writings of Thomas Reid,
William Robertson, and Adam Smith_, Edinburgh, 1811; also _Life of
Reid_, Edinburgh, 1802; _Life of Robertson_, Edinburgh, 1802.
STOCKDALE, Rev. Percival, _Memoirs_, London, 1809; _The Remonstrance_,
STORY, Thomas, _Journal of his Life_, 2 vols., Newcastle-upon-Tyne,
SWIFT, Jonathan, _Works_, 24 vols., London, 1803; _Life_: See SCOTT,
SYDENHAM, Thomas, _Works_, London, 1685.
TAYLOR, Jeremy, _Works_, 10 vols., London, 1864.
TAYLOR, Tom, _Life of Sir Joshua Reynolds_. See under LESLIE, C.R.
TEIGNMOUTH, Lord, _Memoirs of the Life of Sir William Jones_, London,
TEMPLE, Sir William, _Works_, 4 vols., London, 1757.
THACKERAY, W.M., _English Humourists_, London, 1858.
THICKNESSE, Philip, _A Year's Journey through France and part of Spain_,
2 vols., Bath and London, 1770.
TICKELL, Richard, _Epistle from the Hon. Charles Fox to the Hon. John
TILLOTSON, John, _Sermons preached upon Several Occasions_, London,
TIMMINS, Samuel, _Dr. Johnson in Birmingham: a Paper read to the
Archaeological Section of the Birmingham and Midland Institute_,
Nov. 22, 1876, and reprinted from Transactions_ (12 copies only),
quarto, pp. viii.
TOOKE, Home, _Diversions of Purley_, London, 1798; _Life_:
See STEPHENS, Alexander; _A Letter to John Dunning, Esq._,
_Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain_, originally begun by
De Foe, 4 vols., London, 1769.
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TWINING, Rev. Thomas, _Recreations and Studies of a Country Clergyman
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TYERMAN, Rev. Luke, _Life of George Whitefield_, 2 vols.,
VICTOR, Benjamin, _Original Letters_, London, 1776.
VOLTAIRE, _Oeuvres Completes_, 66 tom., Paris, 1819-25.
WALPOLE, Horace, _Journal of the Reign of King George III_, 2 vols.,
London, 1859; _Letters_, 9 vols., London, 1861; _Memoirs of the
Reign of George II_, 3 vols., London, 1846; _Memoirs of the Reign of
King George III_, 4 vols., London, 1845.
WALTON, Izaak, _Lives_, London, 1838.
WARBURTON, William, _Divine Legation of Moses_, 5 vols., London, 1765.
WARNER, Rebecca, _Original Letters_, Bath and London, 1817.
WARNER, Rev. Richard, _A Tour through the Northern Counties of England_,
WARTON, Dr. Joseph, _Essay on Pope_, London, vol. i. 1772; vol. ii. 1782;
_Life_: See under WOOLL.
WARTON, Rev. Thomas, _Poetical Works_, 2 vols., Oxford, 1802.
WATSON, Richard, Bishop of Llandaff, _A Letter to the Archbishop of
Canterbury_, London, 1783.
WESLEY, John, _Journals_, 4 vols., London, 1827; _Life_: See under
_Westminster Abbey, with other Poems_, 1813.
WHYTE, Samuel, _Miscellanea Nova_, Dublin, 1800.
WILKES, John, _Correspondence_. See ALMON, John.
WILLIAMS, Anna, _Miscellanies_, London, 1766.
WILLIAMS, Sir Charles Hanbury, _Odes_, London, 1775.
WINDHAM, William, Right Hon., _Diary_, London, 1866.
WOOD, Robert, _The Ruins of Palmyra_, London, 1753; _The Ruins of
Balbec_, London, 1757.
WOOLL, John, D.D., _Biographical Memoirs of Dr. Joseph Warton_, 1 vol.
(vol. ii. never published), London, 1806.
WORDSWORTH, William, _Works_, 6 vols., London, 1857.
WRAXALL, Sir Nathaniel William, Bart., _Historical Memoirs of My Own
Time_, 2 vols., London, 1815; also edited by H.B. Wheatley, 5
vols., London, 1884.
YOUNG, Arthur, _Six Months' Tour through the North of England_, 4 vols.,
Last summer Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkinson sold some very interesting
autograph letters written by Johnson to William Strahan, the printer.
I was fortunate enough to find that the purchasers, with but one
exception, were mindful of what Boswell so well describes as 'the general
courtesy of literature,' and were ready to place their treasures
at my service. To one of them, Mr. Frederick Barker, of 43, Rowan Road,
Brook Green, I am still more indebted, for he entrusted me not only with
the original letters which he had just bought, but also with some others
that he had previously possessed. His Johnsonian collection is one of
unusual interest. I have moreover to acknowledge my obligations to
Mr. Fawcett, of 14, King Street, Covent Garden; to Messrs. J. Pearson
and Co., of 46, Pall Mall; to Messrs. Robson and Kerslake, of Coventry
Street, Haymarket; to Mr. Frank T. Sabin, of 10 and 12, Garrick Street,
Covent Garden; and to Mr. John Waller, of 2, Artesian Road, Westbourne
Grove. Those of the letters which are undated, I have endeavoured to
assign to their proper places by internal evidence. The absence of a
date is in itself very strong evidence that they belong to a comparatively
early period (see _ante_, i. 122, n. 2).
[Footnote 1: Ante, iv. 246.]
_A letter about a projected Geographical Dictionary by Mr. Bathurst, with
Bathurst's Proposal; dated March 22, probably written in 1753_.[In the
possession of Mr. Frederick Barker, of 43, Rowan Road, Brook Green.]
'I have inclosed the Scheme which I mentioned yesterday in which the work
proposed is sufficiently explained.
'The Undertaker, Mr. Bathurst, is a Physician of the University of
Cambridge, of about eight years standing, and will perform the work in
such a manner as may satisfy the publick. No advice of mine will be
wanting, but advice will be all that I propose to contribute unless it
should be thought worth while that I should write a preface, which if
desired I will do and put my name to it. The terms which I am commissioned
to offer are these:
'1. A guinea and half shall be paid for each sheet of the copy.
'2. The authour will receive a Guinea and half a week from the date of
'3. As it is certain that many books will be necessary, the Authour will
at the end of the work take the books furnished him in part of payment
at prime Cost, which will be a considerable reduction of the price of
the Copy; or if it seems as you thought yesterday no reduction, he will
allow out of the last payment fifty pounds for the use of the Books and
'4. In two months after his first demand of books shall be supplied,
he purposes to write three Sheets a week and to continue the same
quantity to the end of the work, unless he shall be hindered by want of
Books. He does not however expect to be always able to write according
to the order of the Alphabet but as his Books shall happen to supply him,
and therefore cannot send any part to the press till the whole is nearly
'5. He undertakes as usual the Correction.
'I am, Sir, Your most humble servant,
'To Mr. Strahan.'
'There is nothing more apparently wanting to the English Literature,
than a Geographical Dictionary, which, though its use is almost every day
necessary, not only to Men of Study, but of Trade or publick employment,
yet has been hitherto, not only unperformed, but almost unattempted
among us. Bohun's Dictionary, the only one which has any pretension to
regard, owes that pretension only to its bulk; for it is in all parts
contemptibly defective and is therefore deservedly forgotten. In
Collier's Dictionary, what Geography there is, can scarcely be found
among the crowd of other subjects, and when it is found, is of no great
importance. The books of Eachard and Salmon, though useful for the ends
proposed by them, are too small to be considered as anticipations of this
work, which is intended to consist of two volumes of the same size and
print with Harris's Dictionary, in which will be comprised the following
'The situation of every Country with its Provinces and dependencies
according to its present state, and latest observation.
'The description of all remarkable Cities, Towns, Castles, Fortresses,
and places observable for their situation, products or other particulars.
'An account of the considerable Rivers, their Springs, Branches, Course,
Outlets, how far navigable, the Produce and Qualities of their waters.
'The course of Voyages, giving directions to sailors for navigating
from one place of the World to another, with particular attention
to the Traffic of these Kingdoms.
'An account of all the principal Ports and Harbours of the known World,
in which will be laid down the Pilotage, Bearings, depth of water,
danger from Sands or Rocks, firmness or uncertainty of Anchorage, and
degree of safety from particular Winds.
'An exact account of the Commodities of each Country, both natural and
'A description of the remarkable Animals in every Country, whether
Beasts, Birds or Fishes.
'An account of the Buildings, whether ancient or modern, and of Ruins
or other remains of Antiquity.
'Remarks upon the soil, air, and waters of particular Places, their
several qualities and effects, the accidents to which every Region is
exposed, as Earthquakes and Hurricanes, and the diseases peculiar to
the Inhabitants or incident to strangers at their arrival.
'The political State of the World, the Government of Countries, and the
Magistracy of Cities, with their particular Laws, or Privileges.
'The most probable and authentic Calculations of the number of Inhabitants
of each place.
'The military state of Countries, their Forces, manner of making War,
Weapons, and naval Power.
'The Commercial State, extent of their Trade, Number and strength of
their Colonies, quantity of Shipping.
'The pretensions of Princes with their Alliances, Relations and
'The customs of Nations with regard to Trade, and receptions of strangers,
their domestic Customs, as Rites of Marriage and Burial. Their particular
Laws. Their habits, recreations and amusements.
'The religious Opinions of all Nations.
'These and many other heads of observation will be collected, not merely
from the Dictionaries now extant in many Languages, but from the best
Surveys, Local Histories, Voyages, and particular accounts, among
which care will be taken to select those of the best authority, as the
basis of the Work, and to extract from them such observations as may
best promote Knowledge and gratify Enquiry, so that it is to be hoped,
there will be few remarkable places in the known World, of which the
Politician, the Merchant, the Sailor, or the Man of Curiosity may not
find a useful and pleasing account, of the credit of which the Reader
may always judge, as the Authors from whom it is taken will be regularly
quoted, a caution which if some, who have attempted such general works,
had observed, their labours would have deserved, and found more favour
from the Publick.'
[Footnote 1: That this is done will appear from the authours' names
This letter must have been written about the year 1753, for Bathurst
is described as a physician of about eight years' standing. He took
his degree as Bachelor of Medicine at Peterhouse, Cambridge, in 1745,
and did not, it should seem, proceed to the higher degree. In 1757
he was at the Havannah, where he died (_ante_, i. 242, n. i). He was
Johnson's beloved friend, of whom 'he hardly ever spoke without tears
in his eyes' (_ante_, i. 190, n. 2). The Proposal, I have no doubt,
was either written, or at all events revised, by Johnson. It is quite
in his style. It may be assumed that it is in Bathurst's handwriting.
_An apologetical letter about some work that was passing through the
press; undated, but probably written about the years 1753-5_.[In the
possession of Mr. Frederick Barker.]
'What you tell me I am ashamed never to have thought on--I wish I had
known it sooner--Send me back the last sheet; and the last copy for
correction. If you will promise me henceforward to print a sheet a day,
I will promise you to endeavour that you shall have every day a sheet
to print, beginning next Tuesday.
'I am Sir, Your most, &c.
'To Mr. Strahan.'
In all likelihood Johnson is writing about the Dictionary. The absence
of a date, as I have already said, is strong evidence that the letter
was written comparatively early. As the first edition of the Dictionary
was in folio a sheet consisted of four pages. Johnson writing on April
3, 1753 says, 'I began the second vol. of my Dictionary, room being left
in the first for Preface, Grammar, and History, none of them yet begun'
(_ante_, i. 255). As the book was published on April 15, 1755 (_ante_,
i. 290, n. 1), the printing must have gone on very rapidly, when a
start was once made. By _copy_ he means his _manuscript for printing_.
_Two undated letters about printing the Dictionary_.[In the possession
of Mr. John Waller, 2, Artesian Road, Westbourne Grove.]
'I must desire you to add to your other civilities this one, to go to
Mr. Millar and represent to him the manner of going on, and inform him
that I know not how to manage. I pay three and twenty shillings a week
to my assistants, in each instance having much assistance from them,
but they tell me they shall be able to pull better in method, as indeed
I intend they shall. The Point is to get two Guineas.
'Sir, Your humble Servant,
(Address on back.) 'To Mr. Strahan.'
'I have often suspected that it is as you say, and have told Mr. Dodsley
of it. It proceeds from the haste of the amanuensis to get to the end
of his day's work. I have desired the passages to be clipped close, and
then perhaps for two or three leaves it is done. But since poor Stuart's
time I could never get that part of the work into regularity, and
perhaps never shall. I will try to take some more care but can promise
nothing; when I am told there is a sheet or two I order it away. You
will find it sometimes close; when I make up any myself, which never
happens but when I have nobody with me, I generally clip it close, but
one cannot always be on the watch.
'I am Sir, Your most, &c.
These letters refer to the printing of the _Dictionary_, of which
Dodsley and Millar were two among the proprietors, and Strahan the
printer. Francis Stuart or Stewart was one of Johnson's amanuenses
(_ante_, i. 187). In 1779 Johnson paid his sister a guinea for an old
pocket-book of her brother's (_ante_, iii. 418), and wrote on April
8,1780 (_ante_, iii. 421):--'The memory of her brother is yet fresh
in my mind; he was an ingenious and worthy man.' In February 1784 he
gave her another guinea for a letter relating to himself that he had
found in the pocket-book (_ante_, iv. 262). A writer in the _Gent. Mag._
for 1799, p. 1171, who had been employed in Strahan's printing-works,
says that 'Stewart was useful to Johnson in the explanation of low cant
phrases; all words relating to gambling and card-playing, such as
_All-Fours_, _Catch-honours_ [not in Johnson's Dictionary], _Cribbage_
[merely defined as _A game at cards_], were said to be Stewart's
corrected by the Doctor.' He adds that after the printing had gone
on some time 'the proprietors of the _Dictionary_ paid Johnson through
Mr. Strahan at the rate of a guinea for every sheet of MS. copy delivered.
The copy was written upon quarto post, and in two columns each page.
Johnson wrote in his own hand the words and their explanation, and
generally two or three words in each column, leaving a space between
each for the authorities, which were pasted on as they were collected
by the different amanuenses employed: and in this mode the MS. was so
regular that the sheets of MS. which made a sheet of print could be
very exactly ascertained.' The same writer states that Stewart in a
night ramble in Edinburgh with some of his drinking companions 'met with
the mob conducting Captain Porteous to be hanged; they were next day
examined about it before the Town Council, when, as Stewart used to say,
"we were found to be too drunk to have any hand in the business." He
gave an accurate account of it in the Edinburgh Magazine of that time.'
_A letter about Miss Williams, taxes due, and a journey; undated, but
perhaps written at Oxford in 1754_.[In the possession of Mr. Frederick
'I shall not be long here, but in the mean time if Miss Williams wants
any money pray speak to Mr. Millar and supply her, they write to me
about some taxes which I wish you would pay.
'My journey will come to very little beyond the satisfaction of knowing
that there is nothing to be done, and that I leave few advantages here
to those that shall come after me.
'I am Sir, &c.
'My compliments to Mrs. Strahan.
To Mr. Strahan.'
Miss Williams came to live with Johnson after his wife's death in 1752
(_ante_, i. 232). The fact that Strahan is asked to supply her with
money after speaking to Mr. Millar seems to show that this letter was
written some time before the publication of the _Dictionary_ in April
1755. Millar 'took the principal charge of conducting its publication,'
and Johnson 'had received all the copy-money, by different drafts, a
considerable time before he had finished his task' (_ante_, i. 287).
His 'journey' may have been his visit to Oxford in the summer of 1754.
He went there, because, 'I cannot,' he said, 'finish my book [the
Dictionary] to my mind without visiting the libraries' (_ante_, i. 270).
According to Thomas Warton 'he collected nothing in the libraries for
his _Dictionary_' (_ib_ n. 5). It is perhaps to this failure that the
latter part of the letter refers, Johnson's visit, however, was one of
five weeks, while the first line of the letter shews that he intended
to be away from London but a short time.
_A letter about 'Rasselas,' dated_ Jan. 20, 1759.[In the possession of
Mr. Frederick Barker.]
'When I was with you last night I told you of a story which I was
preparing for the press. The title will be
"The Choice of Life
The History of ... Prince of Abissinia."
'It will make about two volumes like little Pompadour, that is about
one middling volume. The bargain which I made with Mr. Johnson was
seventy five pounds (or guineas) a volume, and twenty five pounds for
the second edition. I will sell this either at that price or for sixty,
the first edition of which he shall himself fix the number, and the
property then to revert to me, or for forty pounds, and I have the
profit that is retain half the copy. I shall have occasion for thirty
pounds on Monday night when I shall deliver the book which I must
entreat you upon such delivery to procure me. I would have it offered
to Mr. Johnson, but have no doubt of selling it, on some of the terms
[Footnote 2: 'Fifty-five pounds' written first and then scored over.]
'I will not print my name, but expect it to be known.
I am Dear Sir, Your most humble servant,
Jan. 20, 1759.
Get me the money if you can.'
This letter is of unusual interest, as it proves beyond all doubt that
_Rasselas_ was written some weeks before _Candide_ was published (see
_ante_, i. 342, n. a). Baretti, as I have shewn (i. 341, n. 3), says
that 'any other person with the degree of reputation Johnson then
possessed would have got L400 for the work, but he never understood
the art of making the most of his productions.' We see, however, by
this letter that Johnson did ask for a larger sum than the booksellers
allowed him. He received but one hundred pounds for the first edition,
but he had made a bargain for one hundred and fifty pounds or guineas.
Johnson, the bookseller, seems to have been but in a small way of
business as a publisher. I do not find in the _Gentleman's Magazine_
for 1758 any advertisement of books published by him, and only one in
1759 (P. 339). Cowper's publisher in 1778 was Joseph Johnson of St.
Paul's Churchyard. (Cowper's _Works_ by Southey, i. 285; see also
Nichols' _Literary Anecdotes_, iii. 461-464.)
By 'little Pompadour' Johnson, no doubt, means the second and cheaper
edition of _The History of the Marchioness de Pompadour_. The first
edition was published by Hooper in one volume, price five shillings
(_Gent. Mag_. for October 1758, p. 493). and the second in two volumes
for three shillings and sixpence (_Gent. Mag_. for November, 1758,
Johnson did not generally 'print his name.' He published anonymously his
translation of _Lobos Voyage to Abyssinia; London; The Life of Savage;
The Rambler_, and _The Idler_, both in separate numbers and when
collected in volumes; _Rasselas; The False Alarm; Falkland's Islands;
The Patriot;_, and _Taxation no Tyranny_; (when these four pamphlets
were collected in a volume he published them with the title of _Political
Tracts, by the Authour of the Rambler_). He gave his name in _The Vanity
of Human Wishes, Irene_, the _Dictionary_, his edition of _Shakespeare_,
the _Journey to the Western Islands_, and the _Lives of the Poets_.
_A letter about George Strahan's election to a scholarship at University
College, Oxford, and about William Strahan's 'affair with the University';
dated October 24, 1764_.[In the possession of Mr. Frederick Barker.]
'I think I have pretty well disposed of my young friend George, who, if
you approve of it, will be entered next Monday a Commoner of University
College, and will be chosen next day a Scholar of the House. The
Scholarship is a trifle, but it gives him a right, upon a vacancy, to
a Fellowship of more than sixty pounds a year if he resides, and I
suppose of more than forty if he takes a Curacy or small living. The
College is almost filled with my friends, and he will be well treated.
The Master is informed of the particular state of his education, and
thinks, what I think too, that for Greek he must get some private
assistance, which a servitour of the College is very well qualified
and will be very willing to afford him on very easy terms.
'I must desire your opinion of this scheme by the next post, for the
opportunity will be lost if we do not now seize it, the Scholarships
being necessarily filled up on Tuesday.
'I depend on your proposed allowance of a hundred a year, which must
the first year be a little enlarged because there are some extraordinary
Caution (which is allowed in his last quarter). . 7 0 0
Thirds. (He that enters upon a room pays two
thirds of the furniture that he finds, and
receives from his successor two thirds of what
he pays; so that if he pays L20 he receives
L13 6s. 8d., this perhaps may be) 12 0 0
Fees at entrance, matriculation &c., perhaps 2 0 0
His gown (I think) 2 10 0
L 23 10 0
'If you send us a Bill for about thirty pounds we shall set out
commodiously enough. You should fit him out with cloaths and linen,
and let him start fair, and it is the opinion of those whom I consult,
that with your hundred a year and the petty scholarship he may live
with great ease to himself, and credit to you.
'Let me hear as soon as is possible.
'In your affair with the university, I shall not be consulted, but I
hear nothing urged against your proposal.
'I am, Sir,
'Your humble servant,
'Oct. 24, 1764.
'My compliments to Mrs. Strahan.
'To Mr. Strahan, Printer, in New Street, Shoe-lane, London.'
My friend, Mr. C. J. Faulkner, Fellow and Tutor of University College,
has given me the following extracts from the College records:--
'Oct. 30-31, 1764. Candidatis examinatis electi sunt Gulielmus Jones
et Georgius Strahan in vacuas Exhibitiones Dmi Simonis Benet Baronetti.'
Gulielmus Jones is the famous oriental scholar, Sir William Jones, whose
portrait adorns the Hall of his ancient College (_ante_, ii. 25, n. 2).
On April 16, 1767, is found the election of 'Georgium Strahan, sophistam
in perpetuum hujus Collegii Socium.'
He vacated his fellowship in 1773.
The value of a Bennet scholarship in 1764 was ten pounds a year, with
rooms added, the rent of which was reckoned as equal to two pounds more.
A fellowship on the same foundation was worth about twenty pounds, with
a yearly dividend added to it that amounted to about thirty pounds.
'Fines' (_ante_, iii. 323) and other extra payments might easily raise
the value to more than sixty pounds.
The 'caution' is the sum deposited by an undergraduate with the College
Bursar or Steward as a security for the payment of his 'battells' or
account. Johnson in 1728 had to pay at Pembroke College the same sum
(seven pounds) that George Strahan in 1764 had to pay at University
College. _Ante_, i. 58, n. 2.
Johnson wrote four letters to George Strahan, when he was a boy at
school, and one letter when he was at College. (See Croker's _Johnson_,
pp. 129, 130, 161, 168.) In this last letter, dated May 25, 1765, he
writes: 'Do not tire yourself so much with Greek one day as to be afraid
of looking on it the next; but give it a certain portion of time,
suppose four hours, and pass the rest of the day in Latin or English.
I would have you learn French, and take in a literary journal once a
month, which will accustom you to various subjects, and inform you what
learning is going forward in the world. Do not omit to mingle some
lighter books with those of more importance; that which is read _remisso
animo_ is often of great use, and takes great hold of the remembrance.
However, take what course you will, if you be diligent you will be a
George Strahan attended Johnson on his death-bed, and published the
volume called _Prayers and Meditations composed by Samuel Johnson_.
_Ante_, i. 235, n. i; iv. 376, n. 4.
William Strahan's 'affair with the University' was very likely connected
with the lease of the University Printing House. From the 'Orders of
the Delegates of the Press,' 1758, I have been permitted to copy the
following entry, which bears a date but six days later than that of
'Tuesday, Oct. 30, 1764. At a meeting of the Delegates of the Press.
'That the following articles be made the foundation of the new lease
to be granted of the moiety of the Printing House; that a copy of them
be delivered to Mr. Baskett and Mr. Eyre, and that they be desired to
give in their respective proposals at a meeting to be held on Tuesday
the sixth of November.' (P. 41.)
The chief part of the lease consisted of the privilege to print Bibles
and Prayer Books. I conjecture that Strahan had hoped to get a share in
_A letter about a cancel in Johnson's 'Journey to the Western Islands
of Scotland', dated Nov. 30_, 1774.[In the possession of Messrs. Pearson
and Co., 46, Pall Mall.]
'I waited on you this morning having forgotten your new engagement; for
this you must not reproach me, for if I had looked upon your present
station with malignity I could not have forgotten it. I came to consult
you upon a little matter that gives me some uneasiness. In one of the
pages there is a severe censure of the clergy of an English Cathedral
which I am afraid is just, but I have since recollected that from me
it may be thought improper, for the Dean did me a kindness about forty
years ago. He is now very old, and I am not young. Reproach can do
him no good, and in myself I know not whether it is zeal or wantonness.
Can a leaf be cancelled without too much trouble? tell me what I shall
do. I have no settled choice, but I would not wish to allow the charge.
To cancel it seems the surer side. Determine for me.
'I am, Sir, Your most humble servant,
'Nov. 30, 1774.
'Tell me your mind: if you will cancel it I will write something to fill
up the vacuum. Please to direct to the borough.'
Mr. Strahan's 'new engagement' was in the House of Commons at Westminster,
to which he had been elected for the first time as member for Malmesbury.
The new Parliament had met on Nov. 29, the day before the date of
Johnson's letter (_Parl. Hist_, xviii. 23).
The leaf that Johnson cancelled contained pages 47, 48 in the first
edition of his _Journey to the Western Islands_. It corresponds with
pages 19-30 in vol. ix. of Johnson's _Works_ (ed. 1825), beginning
with the words 'could not enter,' and ending 'imperfect constitution.'
The excision is marked by a ridge of paper, which was left that the
revised leaf might be attached to it. Johnson describes how the lead
which covered the Cathedrals of Elgin and Aberdeen had been stripped
off by the order of the Scottish Council, and shipped to be sold in
Holland. He continues:--'Let us not however make too much haste to
despise our neighbours. Our own cathedrals are mouldering by unregarded
dilapidation. It seems to be part of the despicable philosophy of the
time to despise monuments of sacred magnificence, and we are in danger
of doing that deliberately, which the Scots did not do but in the
unsettled state of an imperfect constitution.'
In the copy of the first edition in the Bodleian Library, which had
belonged to Gough the antiquary, there is written in his hand, as a
foot-note to 'neighbours': 'There is now, as I have heard, a body
of men not less decent or virtuous than the Scottish Council, longing
to melt the lead of an English Cathedral. What they shall melt, it
were just that they should swallow.' It can scarcely be doubted that
this is the suppressed passage. The English Cathedral to which Johnson
refers was, I believe, Lichfield. 'The roof,' says Harwood (History of
Lichfield, p. 75), 'was formerly covered with lead, but now with slate.'
Addenbroke, who had been Dean since 1745, was, we may assume, very old
at the time when Johnson wrote. I had at first thought it not unlikely
that it was Dr. Thomas Newton, Dean of St. Paul's and Bishop of Bristol,
who was censured. He was a Lichfield man, and was known to Johnson (see
_ante_, iv. 285, n. 3). He was, however, only seventy years old. I am
informed moreover by the Rev. W. Sparrow Simpson, the learned editor
of _Documents illustrating the History of St. Paul's_, that it is
very improbable that at this time the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's
entertained such a thought.
My friend Mr. C. E. Doble has kindly furnished me with the following
curious parallel to Johnson's suppressed wish about the molten lead.
'The chappell of our Lady [at Wells], late repayred by Stillington,
a place of great reverence and antiquitie, was likewise defaced, and
such was their thirst after lead (I would they had drunke it scalding)
that they tooke the dead bodies of bishops out of their leaden coffins,
and cast abroad the carkases skarce throughly putrified.'--Harington's
_Nuga Antiquae_, ii. 147 (ed. 1804).
In the postscript Johnson says 'Please to direct to the borough.' He
was staying in Mr. Thrale's town-house in the Borough of Southwark.
(See _ante_, i, 493.)
_A letter about apprenticing a lad to Mr. Strahan, and about a
presentation to the Blue Coat School, dated December 22_, 1774. [In
the possession of Messrs. Robson and Kerslake, 25, Coventry Street
'When we meet we talk, and I know not whether I always recollect what
I thought I had to say.
'You will please to remember that I once asked you to receive an
apprentice, who is a scholar, and has always lived in a clergyman's
house, but who is mishapen, though I think not so as to hinder him
at the case. It will be expected that I should answer his Friend
who has hitherto maintained him, whether I can help him to a place.
He can give no money, but will be kept in cloaths.
'I have another request which it is perhaps not immediately in your
power to gratify. I have a presentation to beg for the blue coat
hospital. The boy is a non-freeman, and has both his parents living.
We have a presentation for a freeman which we can give in exchange.
If in your extensive acquaintance you can procure such an exchange,
it will be an act of great kindness. Do not let the matter slip out
of your mind, for though I try others I know not any body of so much
power to do it.
'I am, Sir, Your most humble Servant,
'Dec. 22, 1774.'
The apprentice was young William Davenport, the orphan son of a clergyman.
His friend was the Rev. W. Langley, the master of Ashbourne School.
Strahan received him as an apprentice (_ante_, ii. 334, n. i). See also
Nichols' _Literary Anecdotes_, vol. iii. p. 287.
The 'case' is the frame containing boxes for holding type.
_A letter about suppressions in 'Taxation no Tyranny! dated March 1,
1775_.[In the possession of Mr. Frank T. Sabin, 10 & 12, Garrick Street
'I am sorry to see that all the alterations proposed are evidences of
timidity. You may be sure that I do [? not] wish to publish, what those
for whom I write do not like to have published. But print me half a
dozen copies in the original state, and lay them up for me. It concludes
well enough as it is.
'When you print it, if you print it, please to frank one to me here, and
frank another to Mrs. Aston at Stow Hill, Lichfield.
'The changes are not for the better, except where facts were mistaken.
The last paragraph was indeed rather contemptuous, there was once more
of it which I put out myself.
'I am Sir, Your humble Servant,
'March 1, 1775.'
This letter refers to _Taxation no Tyranny_, which was published before
March 31, 1775, the date of Boswell's arrival in London (_ante_, ii.
311). Boswell says that he had in his possession 'a few proof leaves
of it marked with corrections in Johnson's own hand-writing' (ib. p.
313). Johnson, he says,' owned to me that it had been revised and
curtailed by some of those who were then in power.' When Johnson writes
'when you print it, if you print it,' he uses, doubtless, _print_ in
the sense of _striking off copies_. The pamphlet was, we may assume, in
type before it was revised by 'those in power.' The corrections had been
made in the proof-sheets. Johnson asks to have six copies laid by for
him in the state in which he had wished to publish it. It seems that the
last paragraph had been struck out by the reviser, for Johnson says 'it
was rather contemptuous.' He does not think it needful to supply anything
in its place, for he says 'it concludes well enough as it is.'
Mr. Strahan had the right, as a member of Parliament, to frank all
letters and packets. That is to say, by merely writing his signature on
the cover he could pass them through the post free of charge. Johnson,
when he wrote to Scotland, used to employ him to frank his letters,
'that he might have the consequence of appearing a parliament-man among
his countrymen' (_ante_, iii. 364). It was to Oxford that a copy of the
pamphlet was to be franked to Johnson. That he was there at the time is
shown by a letter from him in Mrs. Piozzi's _Collection_ (vol. i. p.
212), dated 'University College, Oxford, March 3, 1775.' Writing to her,
evidently from Bolt Court, on February 3, he had said: 'My pamphlet has
not gone on at all' (ib. i. 211). Mrs. Aston (or rather Miss Aston) is
mentioned _ante_, ii. 466.
_A letter about 'copy' and a book by Professor Watson, dated Oct. 14,
1776'_.[In the possession of Mr. H. Fawcett, of 14, King Street, Covent
'I wrote to you about ten days ago, and sent you some copy. You have
not written again, that is a sorry trick.
'I am told that you are printing a Book for Mr. Professor Watson of
Saint Andrews, if upon any occasion, I can give any help, or be of any
use, as formerly in Dr. Robertson's publication, I hope you will make
no scruple to call upon me, for I shall be glad of an opportunity to
show that my reception at Saint Andrews has not been forgotten.
'I am Sir, Your humble Servant,
'Oct. 14, 1776.'
The' copy' or MS. that Johnson sent is, I conjecture, _Proposals for
the Rev. Mr. Shaw's Analysis of the Scotch Celtick Language_ (_ante_,
iii. 107). This is the only acknowledged piece of writing of his during
1776. The book printing for Professor Watson was _History of the Reign
of Philip II_, which was published by Strahan and Cadell in 1777. This
letter is of unusual interest, as showing that Johnson had been of some
service as regards one of Robertson's books. It is possible that he
read some of the proof-sheets, and helped to get rid of the Scotticisms.
'Strahan,' according to Beattie, 'had corrected (as he told me himself)
the phraseology of both Mr. Hume and Dr. Robertson' (_ante_, v. 92,
n. 3). He is not unlikely, in Robertson's case, to have sought and
obtained Johnson's help.
_The following letter is published in Mr. Alfred Morrison's 'Collection
of Autographs', vol. ii. p. 343._
'To Dr. TAYLOR. Dated London, April 20, 1778.'
'The quantity of blood taken from you appears to me not sufficient.
Thrale was almost lost by the scrupulosity of his physicians, who never
bled him copiously till they bled him in despair; he then bled till he
fainted, and the stricture or obstruction immediately gave way and from
that instant he grew better.
'I can now give you no advice but to keep yourself totally quiet and
amused with some gentle exercise of the mind. If a suspected letter
comes, throw it aside till your health is reestablished; keep easy and
cheerful company about you, and never try to think but at those stated
and solemn times when the thoughts are summoned to the cares of futurity,
the only cares of a rational being.
'As to my own health I think it rather grows better; the convulsions
which left me last year at Ashbourne have never returned, and I have by
the mercy of God very comfortable nights. Let me know very often how you
are till you are quite well.'
This letter, though it is dated 1778, must have been written in 1780.
Thrale's first attack was in June, 1779, when he was in 'extreme danger'
(_ante_, iii. 397, n. 2, 420). Johnson had the remission of the
convulsions on June 18, 1779. He recorded on June 18, 1780:--
'In the morning of this day last year I perceived the remission of
those convulsions in my breast which had distressed me for more than
twenty years. I returned thanks at church for the mercy granted me,
which has now continued a year.'--_Prayers and Meditations_, p. 183.
Three days later he wrote to Mrs. Thrale:--
'It was a twelvemonth last Sunday since the convulsions in my breast
left me. I hope I was thankful when I recollected it; by removing
that disorder a great improvement was made in the enjoyment of life.'
--_Piozzi Letters_, ii. 163. (See _ante_, iii. 397, n. 1.)
He was at Ashbourne on June 18, 1779 (_ante_, iii. 453).
On April 20, 1778, the very day of which this letter bears the date,
'After a good night, as I am forced to reckon, I rose seasonably....
In reviewing my time from Easter, 1777, I found a very melancholy
and shameful blank. So little has been done that days and months are
without any trace. My health has, indeed, been very much interrupted.
My nights have been commonly not only restless, but painful and fatiguing.
....Some relaxation of my breast has been procured, I think, by opium,
which, though it never gives me sleep, frees my breast from spasms.'
--_Prayers and Meditations_, p. 169. See _ante_, iii. 317, n. 1.
For Johnson's advice about bleeding, see _ante_, iii. 152; and for
possible occasions for 'suspected letters,' _ante_, i. 472, n. 4;
and ii. 202, n. 2.
_Mr. Mason's 'sneering observation in his "Memoirs of Mr. William
(Vol. i, p. 31.)
I had long failed to find a copy of these _Memoirs_, though I had
searched in the Bodleian, the British Museum, and the London Library, and
had applied to the University Library at Cambridge, and the Advocates'
Library at Edinburgh. By the kindness of Mr. R. H. Soden Smith and Mr.
R. F. Sketchley, I have obtained the following extract from a copy in
the Dyce and Forster Libraries, in the South Kensington Museum:--
'Conscious, notwithstanding, that to avoid writing what is _unnecessary_
is, in these days, no just plea for silence in a biographer, I have some
apology to make for having strewed these pages so thinly with the
tittle-tattle of anecdote. I am, however, too proud to make this apology
to any person but my bookseller, who will be the only real loser by the
'Those readers, who believe that I do not write immediately under
his pay, and who may have gathered from what they have already read,
that I am not so passionately enamoured of Dr. Johnson's biographical
manner, as to take that for my model, have only to throw these pages
aside, and wait till they are new-written by some one of his numerous
disciples, who may follow his master's example; and should more anecdote
than I furnish him with be wanting (as was the Doctor's case in his
life of Mr. Gray), may make amends for it by those acid eructations
of vituperative criticism, which are generated by unconcocted taste and
intellectual indigestion.'--_Poems by William Whitehead_, York, 1788
(vol. iii, p. 128).
With this 'sneering observation,' which Boswell might surely have passed
over in silence, the Memoirs close.
_Michael Johnson as a bookseller._
(Vol. i, p. 36, n. 3.)
Mr. R. F. Sketchley kindly informs me that in the Dyce and Forster
Libraries at the South Kensington Museum there is a book with the
_S. Shaw's 'Grammatica Anglo--Romana', London, printed for Michael
Johnson, bookseller: and are to be sold at his shops in Litchfield and
Uttoxiter in Stafford-shire; and Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire,
Mr. C. E. Doble tells me that in the proposals issued in 1690 by Thomas
Bennet, St. Paul's Churchyard, for printing Anthony a Wood's _Athenae
Oxonienses_ and _Fasti Oxonienses_, among 'the booksellers who take
subscriptions, give receipts, and deliver books according to the
proposals' is 'Mr. Johnson in Litchfield.'
_The City and County of Lichfield_.
(Vol. i, p. 36, n. 4.)
'The City of Litchfield is a County of itself, with a jurisdiction
extending 10 or 12 miles round, which circuit the Sheriff rides every
year on Sept. 8.'--_A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain_,
ed. 1769, ii. 419.
Balliol College has a copy of this work containing David Garrick's
book-plate, with Shakespeare's head at the top of it, and the following
quotation from _Menagiana_ at the foot:--
'_La premiere chose qu'on doit faire quand on a emprunte un livre, c'est
de le lire, afin de pouvoir le rendre plutot' (sic)_.
_Felixmarte of Hircania_.
(Vol. i, p. 49.)
'"He that follows is _Florismarte of Hyrcania_" said the barber. "What!
is Signor Florismarte there?" replied the priest; "in good faith he shall
share the same fate, notwithstanding his strange birth and chimerical
adventures; for his harsh and dry style will admit of no excuse. To the
yard with him, therefore." "With all my heart, dear Sir," answered the
housekeeper; "and with joyful alacrity she executed the command.'"
--_Don Quixote_, ed. 1820, i. 48.
Boswell speaks of _Felixmarte_ as the old Spanish romance. In the
_Bibliografia dei Romanzi e Poeini Cavallereschi Italiani_ (2nd ed.,
Milan, 1838), p. 351, it is stated that in the Spanish edition it is
called a translation from the Italian, and in the Italian edition a
translation from the Spanish. The Italian title is _Historia di Don
Florismante d'Ircania, tradotta dallo Spagnuolo_. Cervantes, in an
edition of _Don Quixote_, published in 1605, which I have looked at,
calls the book _Florismarte de Hircania_ (not _Florismante_). It should
seem that he made his hero read the Italian version.
_Palmerin of England and Don Belianis_.
(Vol. i, p. 49, n. 2; and vol. iii, p. 2.)
'"Let _Palmerin of England_ be preserved," said the licentiate, "and
kept as a jewel; and let such another casket be made for it as that
which Alexander found among the spoils of Darius appropriated to preserve
the works of the poet Homer....Therefore, master Nicholas, saving your
better judgment let this and _Amadis de Gaul_ be exempted from the
flames, and let all the rest perish without any farther inquiry." "Not
so neighbour," replied the barber, "for behold here the renowned
_Don Belianis_." The priest replied, "This with the second, third,
and fourth parts, wants a little rhubarb to purge away its excessive
choler; there should be removed too all that relates to the castle
of Fame, and other impertinencies of still greater consequence; let them
have the benefit, therefore, of transportation, and as they show signs
of amendment they shall hereafter be treated with mercy or justice; in
the meantime, friend, give them room in your house; but let nobody read
--_Don Quixote_, ed. 1820, i. 50.
_Mr. Taylor, a Birmingham manufacturer_.
(Vol. i, p. 86.)
'John Taylor, Esq. may justly be deemed the Shakspear or Newton of
Birmingham. He rose from minute beginnings to shine in the commercial
hemisphere, as they in the poetical or philosophical. To this uncommon
genius we owe the gilt button, the japanned and gilt snuff-box, with
the numerous race of enamels; also the painted snuff-box. ... He died
in 1775 at the age of 64, after acquiring a fortune of L200,000. His son
was a considerable sufferer at the time of the riots in 1791.'
--_A Brief History of Birmingham_, 1797, p. 9.
(Vol. i, p. 92.)
I am, no doubt, right in identifying Olivia Lloyd, the young quaker,
with whom Johnson was much enamoured when at Stourbridge School, with
Olive Lloyd, the daughter of the first Sampson Lloyd, of Birmingham,
and aunt of the Sampson Lloyd with whom he had an altercation (_ante_,
ii. 458 and _post_, p. liii). 'A fine likeness of her is preserved by
Thomas Lloyd, The Priory, Warwick,' as I learn from an interesting
little work called _Farm and its Inhabitants, with some Account of
the Lloyds of Dolobran_, by Rachel J. Lowe. Privately printed, 1883,
p. 24. Her elder brother married a Miss Careless; ib. p. 23. Johnson's
'first love,' Hector's sister, married a Mr. Careless (_ante_, ii. 459).
_Henry Porter, of Edgbaston_.
(Vol. i, p. 94, n. 3.)
In St. Mary's Church, Warwick, is a monument to--
'Anna Norton, Henrici Porter
Nuper de Edgberston in Com. Warw. Generosi;
Vidua Thomae Norton....
Haec annis et pietate matura vitam deposuit.
Maii 14, 1698.'
_A Brief Description of the Collegiate Church of St. Mary in Warwick_,
published by Grafton and Reddell, Birmingham; no date.
_Mrs. Williams's account of Mrs. Johnson and her sons by her former
marriage_. (Vol. i, p. 95.)
The following note by Malone I failed to quote in the right place. It
is copied from a paper, written by Lady Knight.
'Mrs. Williams's account of Mrs. Johnson was, that she had a good
understanding and great sensibility, but inclined to be satirical. Her
first husband died insolvent [this is a mistake, see _ante_, i. 95,
n. 3]; her sons were much disgusted with her for her second marriage;
... however, she always retained her affection for them. While they
[Mr. and Mrs. Johnson] resided in Gough Square, her son, the officer,
knocked at the door, and asked the maid if her mistress was at home.
She answered, "Yes, Sir, but she is sick in bed." "Oh," says he, "if
it's so, tell her that her son Jervis called to know how she did;" and
was going away. The maid begged she might run up to tell her mistress,
and, without attending his answer, left him. Mrs. Johnson, enraptured
to hear her son was below, desired the maid to tell him she longed to
embrace him. When the maid descended the gentleman was gone, and poor
Mrs. Johnson was much agitated by the adventure; it was the only time
he ever made an effort to see her. Dr. [Mr.] Johnson did all he could
to console his wife, but told Mrs. Williams: "Her son is uniformly
undutiful; so I conclude, like many other sober men, he might once in
his life be drunk, and in that fit nature got the better of his pride."'
_Johnson's application for the mastership of the Grammar School at
Solihull in Warwickshire_.
(Vol. i, p. 96.)
Johnson, a few weeks after his marriage, applied for the mastership of
Solihull Grammar School, as is shown by the following letter, preserved
in the Pembroke College MSS., addressed to Mr. Walmsley, and quoted by
Mr. Croker. I failed to insert it in my notes.
_'Solihull, the 30 August 1735._
'I was favoured with yours of the 13th inst. in due time, but deferred
answering it til now, it takeing up some time to informe the Foeofees
of the contents thereof; and before they would return an Answer, desired
some time to make enquiry of the caracter of Mr. Johnson, who all agree
that he is an excellent scholar, and upon that account deserves much
better than to be schoolmaster of Solihull. But then he has the caracter
of being a very haughty, ill-natured gent., and that he has such a way of
distorting his Face (which though he can't help) the gent, think it
may affect some young ladds; for these two reasons he is not approved
on, the late master Mr. Crompton's huffing the Foeofees being stil in
their memory. However, we are all exstreamly obliged to you for thinking
of us, and for proposeing so good a schollar, but more especially is,
'Your very humble servant,
_Johnson's knowledge of Italian_.
(Vol. i, p. 115.)
Boswell says that he does not know 'at what time, or by what means
Johnson had acquired a competent knowledge of Italian.' In my note
on this I say 'he had read Petrarch "when but a boy."' As Petrarch
wrote chiefly in Latin, it is quite possible that Johnson did not
acquire his knowledge of Italian so early as I had thought.
_Johnson's deference for the general opinion_.
(Vol. i, p. 200.)
Miss Burney records an interesting piece of criticism by Johnson. 'There
are,' he said, 'three distinct kinds of judges upon all new authors or
productions; the first are those who know no rules, but pronounce
entirely from their natural taste and feelings; the second are those who
know and judge by rules; and the third are those who know, but are above
the rules. These last are those you should wish to satisfy. Next to them
rate the natural judges; but ever despise those opinions that are formed
by the rules.'--_Mine. D'Arblay's Diary_, i. 180. Later on she writes:
--'The natural feelings of untaught hearers ought never to be slighted;
and Dr. Johnson has told me the same a thousand times;' ib. ii. 128.
_Johnson in the Green Room_.
(Vol. i, p. 201.)
Mr. Richard Herne Shepherd, in _Watford's Antiquarian_ for January,
1887, p. 34, asserts that the actual words which Johnson used when
he told Garrick that he would no longer frequent his Green Room were
indecent; so indecent that Mr. Shepherd can only venture to satisfy
those whom he calls students by informing them of them privately. For
proof of this charge against the man whose boast it was that 'obscenity
had always been repressed in his company' (_ante_, iv. 295) he brings
forward John Wilkes. The story, indeed, as it is told by Boswell, is
not too trustworthy, for he had it through Hume from Garrick. As it
reaches Mr. Shepherd it comes from Garrick through Wilkes. Garrick, no
doubt, as Johnson says (_ante_, v. 391), was, as a companion, 'restrained
by some principle,' and had 'some delicacy of feeling.' Nevertheless,
in his stories, he was, we may be sure, no more on oath than a man is
in lapidary inscriptions (_ante_, ii. 407). It is possible that he
reported Johnson's very words to Hume, and that Hume did not change
them in reporting them to Boswell. Whatever they were, they were spoken
in 1749 and published in 1791, when Johnson had been dead six years,
Garrick twelve years, and Hume fourteen years. It is idle to dream that
they can now be conjecturally emended. But it is worse than idle to
bring in as evidence John Wilkes. What entered his ear as purity itself
might issue from his mouth as the grossest obscenity. He had no delicacy
of feeling. No principle restrained him. When he comes to bear testimony,
and aims a shaft at any man's character, the bow that he draws is drawn
with the weakness of the hand of a worn-out and shameless profligate.
Mr. Shepherd quotes an unpublished letter of Boswell to Wilkes, dated
Rome, April 22, 1765, to show 'that the two men had become familiars,
not only long before Wilkes's famous meeting with Dr. Johnson was brought
about, but before even the friendship of Boswell himself with Johnson
had been consolidated.' It needs no unpublished letters to show that. It
must be known to every attentive reader of Boswell. See _ante_, i. 395,
and ii. 11.
_Frederick III, King of Prussia_.
(Vol. i, p. 308.)
Boswell should have written Frederick II.
_Boswell's visit to Rousseau and Voltaire_.
(Vol. i, p. 434; and vol. ii, p. 11.)
_Boswell to Andrew Mitchell, Esq., His Britannic Majesty's
Minister at Berlin_.
'Berlin, 28 August, 1764.
... 'I have had another letter from my father, in which he continues of
opinion that travelling is of very little use, and may do a great deal
of harm. ... I esteem and love my father, and I am determined to do what
is in my power to make him easy and happy. But you will allow that I
may endeavour to make him happy, and at the same time not to be too hard
upon myself. I must use you so much with the freedom of a friend as to
tell you that with the vivacity which you allowed me I have a melancholy