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International Weekly Miscellany, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 8, 1850 by Various

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Of Literature, Art, and Science.

* * * * *

Vol. I. NEW YORK, JULY 8, 1850. No. 2.

* * * * *

[Illustration: STUDIES OF THE TOWN.]

The LORGNETTE, the cleverest book of its kind (we were about to
write, since the days of Addison, but to avoid possible disagreement
say)--since IRVING and PAULDING gave us _Salmagundi_, is still coming
before us at agreeable intervals, and will soon be issued in a brace
of volumes illustrated by DARLEY. The Author keeps his promises, given
in the following paragraphs some time ago:

"It would be very idle to pretend, my dear Fritz, that in printing my
letters, I had not some hope of doing the public a trifling service.
There are errors which need only to be mentioned, to be frowned upon;
and there are virtues, which an approving word, even of a stranger,
will encourage. Both of these objects belong to my plan; yet my
strictures shall not be personal, or invidious. It will be easy,
surely, to carry with me the sympathies of all sensible people, in
a little harmless ridicule of the foibles of the day, without citing
personal instance; and it will be vastly easier, in such Babylon as
ours, to designate a virtue, without naming its possessor! Still,
you know me too well, to believe that I shall be frightened out of
free, or even caustic remark, by any critique of the papers, or by
any dignified frown of the literary coteries of the city.... This
LORGNETTE of mine will range very much as my whim directs. In
morals, it will aim to be correct; in religion, to be respectful; in
literature, modest; in the arts, attentive; in fashion, observing; in
society, free; in narrative, to be honest; in advice, to be sound; in
satire, to be hearty; and in general character, whatever may be
the critical opinions of the small litterateurs, or the hints of
fashionable patrons, to be only--itself."

* * * * *


The popularity of TENNYSON, in this country as well as in England,
is greater than that of any other contemporary who writes verses in
our language. We by no means agree to the justness of the common
apprehension in this case. We think Bryant is a greater poet, and we
might refer to others, at home and abroad, whom it delights us more
to read. But it is unquestionable that Tennyson is the favorite of the
hour, and every new composition of his will therefore be looked
for with the most lively interest. His last work, just reprinted by
TICKNOR, REED & FIELDS, of Boston, is thus described in the London
_Spectator_ of June 8th:


"Although only these words appear on the title-page of this volume of
poetry, it is well known to be from the pen of Alfred Tennyson. It is
also known that the inscription


refers to Mr. Arthur Hallam, a son of the historian. It may be
gleaned from the book, that the deceased was betrothed to a sister of
Tennyson, while the friendship on the poet's part has 'passed the love
of women.' Feeling, especially in one whose vocation it is to express
sentiments, is not, indeed, always to be measured by composition;
since the earnest artist turns everything to account, and when his
theme is mournful it is his cue to make it as mournful as he can:
but when a thought continually mingles with casual observation, or
incident of daily life, or larger event that strikes attention, as
though the memory of the past were ever coloring the present, and that
over a period of seventeen years, it must be regarded as a singular
instance of enduring friendship, as it has shown itself in a very
singular literary form. There is nothing like it that we remember,
except the sonnets of Petrarch; for books of sportive and ludicrous
conceits are not to be received into the same category.

"The volume consists of one hundred and twenty-nine separate poems,
numbered but not named, and which in the absence of a more specific
designation may be called occasional; for though they generally bear
a reference to the leading subject, _In Memoriam_, yet they are not
connected with sufficient closeness to form a continuous piece. There
is also an invocatory introduction, and a closing marriage poem,
written on the wedding of one of the writer's sisters, which, strange
as it may seem, serves again to introduce the memory of the departed.
The intervening poems are as various as a miscellaneous collection;
but the remembrance of the dead ever mingles with the thought of
the living. His birth-day, his death-day, the festive rejoicings of
Christmastide and the New Year, recall him; the scenes in which he was
a companion, the house where he was a welcome guest, the season when
the lawyer's vacation gave him leisure for a long visit, revive him
to the mind. The Danube, on whose banks he died--the Severn, by
whose banks he appears to have been buried--nay, the points of
the compass--are associated with him. Sometimes the association is
slighter still; and in a few pieces the allusion is so distant that it
would not have been perceived without the clew. Such is the following
(one of several poems) on the New Year.


Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky,
The flying cloud, the frosty light:
The year is dying in the night;
Ring out, wild bells, and let him die.

Ring out the old, ring in the new,
Ring, happy bells, across the snow:
The year is going, let him go;
Ring out the false, ring in the true.

Ring out the grief that saps the mind,
For those that here we see no more;
Ring out the feud of rich and poor,
Ring in redress to all mankind.

Ring out a slowly dying cause,
And ancient forms of party strife;
Ring in the nobler modes of life,
With sweeter manners, purer laws.

Ring out the want, the care, the sin,
The faithless coldness of the times;
Ring out, ring out my mournful rhymes,
But ring the fuller minstrel in.

Ring out false pride in place and blood,
The civic slander and the spite;
Ring in the love of truth and right,
Ring in the common love of good.

Ring out old shapes of foul disease,
Ring out the narrowing lust of gold;
Ring out the thousand wars of old,
Ring in the thousand years of peace.

Ring in the valiant man and free,
The larger heart, the kindlier hand;
Ring out the darkness of the land,
Ring in the Christ that is to be.

"The following is of more direct bearing on the theme, and is moreover
one of those charming pieces of domestic painting in which Tennyson


Witch-elms that counterchange the floor
Of this flat lawn with dusk and bright;
And thou, with all thy breadth and height
Of foliage, towering sycamore;

How often, hither wandering down,
My Arthur found your shadows fair.
And shook to all the liberal air
The dust and din and steam of town:

He brought an eye for all he saw;
He mixt in all our simple sports;
They pleased him, fresh from brawling courts
And dusky purlieus of the law.

O joy to him in this retreat,
Immantled in ambrosial dark,
To drink the cooler air, and mark
The landscape winking through the heat:

O sound to rout the brood of cares,
The sweep of scythe in morning dew,
The gust that round the garden flew,
And tumbled half the mellowing pears!

O bliss, when all in circle drawn
About him, heart and ear were fed
To hear him, as he lay and read
The Tuscan poets on the lawn:

Or in the all-golden afternoon
A guest, or happy sister, sung,
Or here she brought the harp and flung
A ballad to the brightening moon:

Nor less it pleased in livelier moods,
Beyond the bounding hill to stray.
And break the livelong summer day
With banquet in the distant woods;

Whereat we glanced from theme to theme,
Discuss'd the books to love or hate,
Or touch'd the changes of the state,
Or threaded some Socratic dream;

But if I praised the busy town,
He loved to rail against it still,
For 'ground' in yonder social mill
We rub each other's angles down.

'And merge,' he said, 'in form and loss
The picturesque of man and man.'
We talk'd: the stream beneath us ran,
The wine-flask lying couch'd in moss,

Or cool'd within the glooming wave;
And last, returning from afar,
Before the crimson-circled star
Had fallen into her father's grave.

And brushing ankle-deep in flowers,
We heard behind the woodbine vail
The milk that bubbled in the pail,
And buzzings of the honeyed hours.

"The volume is pervaded by a religious feeling, and an ardent
aspiration for the advancement of society,--as may be gathered from
our first quotation. These two sentiments impart elevation, faith,
and resignation; so that memory, thought, and a chastened tenderness,
generally predominate over deep grief. The grave character of the
theme forbids much indulgence in conceits such as Tennyson sometimes
falls into, and the execution is more finished than his volumes always
are: there are very few prosaic lines, and few instances of that
excess of naturalness which degenerates into the mawkish. The nature
of the plan--which, after all, is substantially though not in form a
set of sonnets on a single theme--is favorable to those pictures of
common landscape and of daily life, redeemed from triviality by genial
feeling and a perception of the lurking beautiful, which are the
author's distinguishing characteristic. The scheme, too, enables him
appropriately to indulge in theological and metaphysical reflections;
where he is not quite so excellent. Many of the pieces taken singly
are happy examples of Tennyson, though not perhaps the very happiest.
As a whole, there is inevitably something of sameness in the work, and
the subject is unequal to its long expansion; yet its nature is such,
there is so much of looseness in the plan, that it might have been
doubled or trebled without incongruity. It is one of those books
which depend upon individual will and feeling, rather than upon a
broad subject founded in nature and tractable by the largest laws of
art. Hence, though not irrespective of laws, such works depend upon
instinctive felicity--felicity in the choice of topics and the mode
of execution, felicity both in doing and in leaving undone: this high
and perfect excellence, perhaps, _In Memoriam_ has not reached, though
omission and revision might lead very close to it."

[Footnote 1: _In Memoriam. By Alfred Tennyson._ 1 vol. 12mo. Boston:
Ticknor, Reed & Fields. 1850.]

* * * * *

ETHERIZATION.--A writer in the _Medical Times_ says, "The day,
perhaps, may not be far off, when we shall be able to suspend the
sensibility of the nervous chords, without acting on the center of the
nervous system, just as we are enabled to suspend circulation in an
artery without acting on the heart."

* * * * *


One of the most delightful books of the season will be _The
Autobiography of LEIGH HUNT_, which is being reprinted by Harper &
Brothers, and will very soon be given to the American public in
an edition of suitable elegance. The last great race of poets and
literary men, observes a writer in the London _Standard_, is now
rapidly vanishing from the scene: of the splendid constellation, in
the midst of which Campbell, Scott, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Shelley,
Southey, Crabbe, and Byron, were conspicuous, how few remain! Moore
(rapidly declining), Rogers (upward of eighty), Professor Wilson,
Montgomery, and Leigh Hunt, are nearly all. It is fitting that we
prize these few, as the remnants of a magnificent group, which cannot
be expected very soon to be repeated.

Leigh Hunt has, for nearly half a century, occupied a prominent place
in the public eye, as a politician of a peculiarly bold and decided
stamp, when boldness was necessary for the utterance of the truth;
and as a poet and prose-writer of a singularly-genial and amiable
character. As the chief founder and critic of the _Examiner_, he would
doubtless occupy a high place in literary history, but as the author
of "Rimini" he is entitled to a more enduring and enviable fame. This
will always stand at the head of his works: but his "Indicator," his
"London Journal," his "Jar of Honey," and others, abound with the
illustrations of a most imaginative and cordial spirit.

We are glad to possess a good autobiography of Leigh Hunt. It is the
first we have from a long list of celebrated men; and no one could
give us such correct, discerning, and delightful insights into their
usual life and true characters. Hazlitt, Lamb, Shelley, Keats, Byron,
and a crowd of others become familiar to us in these pages. It was in
the _Examiner_ that the first compositions of Shelley and Keats were
introduced to the British public; and the friendship which Mr. Hunt
maintained with those poets, till their deaths, casts a sunshine over
that portion of his life, which is peculiarly charming.

Perhaps the two points of this Autobiography which will most attract
the attention of the reader are the author's imprisonment for a libel
on the Prince Regent, and his visit to Italy. In that imprisonment
of two years, he was visited by Byron, Moore, Brougham, Bentham,
and several other eminent men. In the journey to Italy, which was
undertaken in order to cooeperate with Byron and Shelley in bringing
out of the "Liberal," Hunt had the misfortune to be deprived of
Shelley's friendship, by death, immediately on his arrival; and of
the friendship of Byron, through incompatibilities of taste, and the
jealous officiousness of Byron's friends, amongst whom Moore bore a
prominent part. Mr. Hunt published a volume on the subject soon after
his return to England, which occasioned him a great deal of ill-will.
To this publication he now refers with expressions of much regret, and
with the calmness which has been produced by time. But it cannot be
denied that he endured most mortifying and irritating provocations,
which never could have taken place had Shelley lived. We are glad that
he has had an opportunity of leaving a generous and forgiving record
of this remarkable portion of his life; and certainly nothing can be
more delightful than his present account of it:--

"The greatest comfort I experienced," he says, "in Italy
was living in the same neighborhood, and thinking, as I went
about, of Boccaccio. Boccaccio's father had a house at Maiano,
supposed to have been situated at the Fiesolan extremity of
the hamlet. That merry-hearted writer was so fond of the place
that he has not only laid the two scenes of the 'Decameron' on
each side of it, with the valley which his company resorted
to in the middle, but has made the two little streams which
embrace Maiano, the Affrico and the Mensola, the hero and the
heroine of his 'Nimphale Fiesolano.' The scene of another of
his works is on the banks of the Margnone, a river a little
distant; and the 'Decameron' is full of the neighboring
villages. Out of the windows of one side of our house we saw
the turret of the Villa Gherardi, to which, according to
his biographers, his 'joyous company' resorted in the first
instance. A house belonging to the Macchiavelli was near, a
little to the left; and farther to the left, among the blue
hills, was the white village, Settignano, where Michael Angelo
was born. The house is still in possession of the family. From
our windows on the other side we saw, close to us, the Fiesole
of antiquity and of Milton, the site of the Boccaccio-house
before mentioned; still closer, the _Decameron's_ Valley of
Ladies at our feet; and we looked over toward the quarter
of the Mignone and of a house of Dante, and in the distance
beheld the mountains of Pistria. Lastly, from the terrace in
front, Florence lay clear and cathedraled before us, with the
scene of Redi's _Bacchus_ rising on the other side of it, and
the villa of Arcetri, famous for Galileo. Hazlitt, who came to
see me there, beheld the scene around us with the admiration
natural to a lover of old folios and great names, and
confessed, in the language of Burns, that it was a sight to
enrich the eyes.

"My daily walk was to Fiesole, through a path skirted with
wild myrtle and cyclamen; and I stopped at the door of the
Doccia, and sate on the pretty melancholy platform behind it,
reading, or looking down to Florence."

This is all very charming, yet hear what the author says further:--

"Some people, when they return from Italy, say it has no wood,
and some a great deal. The fact is, that many parts of it,
Tuscany included, has no wood to _speak of_: it wants larger
trees interspersed with the small ones, in the manner of our
hedge-row elms. A tree of a reasonable height is a god-send.
The olives are low and hazy-looking, like dry sallows. You
have plenty of these; but to an Englishman, looking from a
height, they appear little better than brushwood. Then there
are no meadows, no proper green fields in June; nothing of
that luxurious combination of green and russet, of grass, wild
flowers, and woods, over which a lover of nature can stroll
for hours, with a foot as fresh as the stag's; unmixed with
chalk-dust, and an eternal public path, and able to lie down,
if he will, and sleep in clover. In short--saving, alas! a
finer sky and a drier atmosphere--we have the best part of
Italy in books; and this we can enjoy in England. Give me
Tuscany in Middlesex or Berkshire, and the Valley of Ladies
between Jack Straw's Castle and Harrow.... To me, Italy had a
certain hard taste in the mouth: its mountains were too bare,
its outlines too sharp, its lanes too stony, its voices too
loud, its long summer too dusty. I longed to bathe myself in
the grassy balm of my native fields."

As a whole these volumes are full of interest and variety. They
introduce us to numerous famous people, and leave us with a most
agreeable impression of their author.

* * * * *


THOMAS L. KANE, of Philadelphia, distinguished himself very honorably
a year or two ago by the vindication of the Mormons against calumnies
to which they had been subjected in the Western States, and by
appeals for their relief from the sufferings induced by unlooked-for
exposure in their exodus to California. We are indebted to him for
an interesting discourse upon the subject, delivered before the
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. He concludes this performance with
the following observations, which we believe to be altogether just.
Mr. KANE is a man of sagacity and integrity, and his opportunities for
the formation of a wise opinion upon this subject were such as very
few have possessed:

"I have gone over the work I assigned myself when I accepted
your Committee's invitation, as fully as I could do without
trespassing too largely upon your courteous patience. But I
should do wrong to conclude my lecture without declaring in
succinct and definite terms, the opinions I have formed and
entertain of the Mormon people. The libels, of which they
have been made the subject, make this a simple act of justice.
Perhaps, too, my opinion, even with those who know me as you
do, will better answer its end following after the narrative I
have given.

"I have spoken to you of a people; whose industry had made
them rich, and gathered around them all the comforts, and not
a few of the luxuries of refined life; expelled by lawless
force into the wilderness; seeking an untried home far away
from the scenes which their previous life had endeared to
them; moving onward, destitute, hunger-sickened, and sinking
with disease; bearing along with them their wives and
children, the aged, and the poor, and the decrepid; renewing
daily on their march, the offices of devotion, the ties of
family, and friendship, and charity; sharing necessities, and
braving dangers together, cheerful in the midst of want and
trial, and persevering until they triumphed. I have told, or
tried to tell you, of men, who when menaced by famine, and
in the midst of pestilence, with every energy taxed by the
urgency of the hour, were building roads and bridges, laying
out villages, and planting cornfields, for the stranger
who might come after them, their kinsman only by a common
humanity, and peradventure a common suffering,--of men, who
have renewed their prosperity in the homes they have founded
in the desert,--and who, in their new built city, walled
round by mountains like a fortress, are extending pious
hospitalities to the destitute emigrants from our frontier
lines,--of men who, far removed from the restraints of law,
obeyed it from choice, or found in the recesses of their
religion, something not inconsistent with human laws, but
far more controlling; and who are now soliciting from the
government of the United States, not indemnity,--for the
appeal would be hopeless, and they know it--not protection,
for they now have no need of it,--but that identity of
political institutions and that community of laws with the
rest of us, which was confessedly their birthright when they
were driven beyond our borders.

"I said I would give you the opinion I formed of the Mormons:
you may deduce it for yourselves from these facts. But I will
add that I have not yet heard the single charge against them
as a community, against their habitual purity of life,
their integrity of dealing, their toleration of religious
differences in opinion, their regard for the laws, or their
devotion to the constitutional government under which we live,
that I do not from my own observation, or the testimony of
others, know to be unfounded."

* * * * *


* * * * *



Lonely to-night, oh, loved one! is our dwelling,
And lone and wearily hath gone the day;
For thou, whose presence like a flood is swelling
With joy my life-tide--thou art far away.

And wearily for me will go the morrow,
While for thy voice, thy smile, I vainly yearn;
Oh, from fond thought some comfort I will borrow,
To wile away the hours till thou return!

I will remember that first, sweet revealing
Wherewith thy love o'er my tranced being stole;
I, like the Pythoness enraptured, feeling
The god divine pervading all my soul.

I will remember each fond aspiration
In secret milled with thy cherished name,
Till from thy lips, in wildering modulation,
Those words of ecstasy "I love thee!" came.

And I will think of all our blest communing,
And all thy low-breathed words of tenderness;
Thy voice to me its melody attuning
Till every tone seemed fraught with a caress.

And feel thee near me, while in thought repeating
The treasured memories thou alone dost share
Hark! with hushed breath and pulses wildly beating
I hear thy footstep bounding o'er the stair!

And I no longer to my heart am telling
The weary weight of loneliness it bore;
For thou, whose love makes heaven within our dwelling,
Thou art returned, and all is joy once more.

* * * * *

TO ----. BY MRS. R.B.K.

Oh how I loved thee! how I blessed the hour,
When first thy lips, wak'ning my trusting heart,
Like some soft southern gale upon a flower,
Into a blooming hope, murmured "we ne'er will part."

Never to part! alas! the lingering sound
Thro' the sad echoes of pale Memory's cave,
Startles once more the hope my young soul found,
Into bright hues, but, only for the grave ...

Must we then part! ah, till this heavy hour,
Fraught with the leaden weight of sorrowing years,
I could have stemmed grief's tide like some light shower,
Where shows a rainbow hope to quell all idle fears.

But the dim phantoms of o'er shadowed pleasures,
Gleaming thro' gathering mists that cloud my heart,
Lend but a transient ray, those fragile treasures--
And heavier darkness falls to gloom the thought "We part!"

JUNE 22, 1850.

* * * * *




GRENADA, May 26, 1850.

My Dear Friend--My companion, Mr. Ronalds, left this morning in the
diligence for Madrid, and I am, therefore, for the first time since I
have been in Europe _alone_--the only citizen of the United States at
present in this ancient Moorish city: _alone_, I may almost say, in
the midst of paradise. Yet the beauties of nature will not compensate
for the solitude of the heart, which is continually yearning after
sympathy; we wish for something beyond the pleasures of the eye, and
I would that you were with me. I would take you up to me Alhambra,
and descant to you for hours upon its perfections and its romantic
history. To me this wondrous pile has become _familiar_; I have seen
it at all hours of the day, and have visited it in the enchantment
of moonlight; and never will pass from my memory the pleasant hours
I have spent within its sacred precincts; I shall remember them and
those who shared them with me--forever. A few days since we made up a
party and rode out to the famous town of Santa Fe, in the delightful
Vega, about eight miles away. We were all dressed in the gay costume
of Andalusia, and presented, as you may imagine, a picturesque
appearance; my companions were lively fellows, and we had a great
deal of sport on the way. Santa Fe is now a dilapidated place, but
its associations make it well deserving a visit. It was built by
Ferdinand, during the memorable siege of Grenada; it was here that
Boabdil signed the capitulation of his city; and it was from this
spot, too, that Columbus was dispatched on his mission of discovering
a new world. The rich and fertile Vega, as we rode with the speed of
the wind over it, seemed to me like a fairy land--so luxuriant
the vegetation--so rich the meadows and fields of waving grain--so
exquisite the variety of cottages, and villages, and groves, dotting
so vast a plain--so pure and transparent the atmosphere, that the most
distant objects are as clearly defined as those nearest us. Imagine
so lovely a landscape--thirty miles in length by twenty-five in width,
surrounded by tremendous mountains,--those of the Sierra Nevada,
rising back of Grenada to the height of thirteen thousand feet above
the level of the sea, their summits covered by a dazzling mantle
of snow: imagine this, and you will have some faint idea of this
beautiful Eden of Spain. It is worth a long pilgrimage to gaze but
for one moment upon it, particularly from the Torre de la Vela of the
Alhambra, whence I have beheld it, both in the bright, gay sunshine,
and through the solemnly beautiful night, illumined by the stars and

The walks and gardens of Grenada are exceedingly beautiful. The
principal promenade is called (and very appropriately) El Salon. It is
of considerable extent--about eighty feet in width, with regular lines
of lofty elms on either side, the bending branches of which nearly
meet in an arch overhead. At both extremities of this charming avenue
is a large and handsome fountain of ever-flowing water. The ground
of the walk is hard--slightly curved; and as smooth and clean as the
floor of a ball-room, where convenient seats of stone, tastefully
arranged beneath the shade of the spreading trees, seem to invite
one to meditation and repose. Outside of this lovely promenade, are
blooming gardens, teeming with roses and other flowers, which fill
the air with fragrance, while through them on one side runs the river
Darre, and on the other the Xenie--gentle streams, whose waters unite
their melodious rippling to the chorus of nightingales, ever singing
above their pleasant banks. But description is tiresome, especially
when one is attempting to present something beyond his power, so I
shall not fatigue you with it any longer: besides, a worthy English
curate, now my only companion in this wretched hotel, is boring me so
incessantly with conversation that I find it difficult to collect any
thoughts to put on paper. I wish he was already in heaven, as, surely,
he well deserves to be.

It was my intention to have gone from this place to Almeria on
horseback, but as R. has left for Madrid, I shall return to Malaga,
probably, in the diligence to-night. It leaves at 12 o'clock, under an
escort of six cavalry, which on this road is indispensably necessary.
From Malaga I shall take steamer for Valencia and Barcelona, and
according to my present calculations, will reach Paris about the first
of June next. F---- wants me to go to Italy--I do not know exactly
what course to take, as traveling in Italy during the summer season is
not considered healthy. I should like to remain in France a month or
so, in order to improve myself in their language: as for Spanish, I
speak it with fluency and ease already, and it is certainly one of the
most beautiful languages in the world.


* * * * *


We are in the midst of July--in the midst of summer--of the most
genial and pure-aired summer that we have had for years. How
beautifully RICHTER, translated by our Longfellow, of kindred genius,
describes the holy time! "The summer alone might elevate us. God what
a season! In sooth, I often know not whether to stay in the city, or
go forth into the fields, so alike is it everywhere and beautiful. If
we go outside the city gate, the very beggars gladden our hearts,
for they are no longer cold; and the post-boys who can pass the whole
night on horseback, and the shepherds asleep in the open air. We need
no gloomy house. We make a chamber out of every bush, and therefore
have my good industrious bees before us, and the most gorgeous
butterflies. In the gardens on the hills sit schoolboys, and in the
open air look out words in the dictionary. On account of the game-laws
there is no shooting now, and every thing in bush and furrow, and on
green branches, can enjoy itself right heartily and safely. In all
directions come travelers along the roads; they have their carriages
for the most part thrown back--the horses have branches stuck in their
saddles, and the drivers roses in their mouths. The shadows of the
clouds go trailing along,--the birds fly between them up and down, and
journeymen mechanics wander cheerily on with their bundles, and want
no work. Even when it rains we love to stand out of doors, and breathe
in the quickening influence, and the wet does the herdsman harm no
more. And is it night, so sit we only in a cooler shadow, from which
we plainly discern the daylight on the northern horizon and on the
sweet warm stars of heaven. Wheresoever I look, there do I find my
beloved blue on the flax in blossoms, on the corn-flowers, and the
godlike endless heaven into which I would fain spring as into a
stream. And now, if we turn homeward again, we find indeed but fresh
delight. The street is a true nursery, for in the evening after
supper, the little ones, though they have but a few clothes upon
them, are again let out into the open air, and not driven under the
bed-quilt as in winter. We sup by daylight, and hardly know where
the candlesticks are. In the bed-chamber the windows are open day
and night, and likewise most of the doors, without danger. The oldest
women stand by the window without a chill, and sew. Flowers lie about
everywhere--by the ink-stand--on the lawyer's papers--on the justice's
table, and the tradesman's counter. The children make a great noise,
and one hears bowling of ninepin alleys half the night through our
walks up and down the street; and talks aloud, and sees the stars
shoot in the high heaven. The foreign musicians, who wend their
way homeward toward midnight, go fiddling along the street to their
quarters, and the whole neighborhood runs to the window. The extra
posts arrive later, and the horses neigh. One lies by the noise in
the window and droops asleep. The post-horns awake him and the whole
starry heaven hath spread itself open. O God! what a joyous life on
this little earth."

* * * * *

Emma is from the German, and signifies a nurse; Caroline, from the
Latin--noble minded; George, from the Greek-a farmer; Martha, from
Hebrew--bitterness; the beautiful and common Mary is Hebrew, and means
a drop of salt water--a tear; Sophia, from Greek--wisdom; Susan,
from Hebrew--a lily; Thomas, from Hebrew--a twin; and Robert, from
German--famous in council.

* * * * *


* * * * *

Mr. James and Copyright.--It appears that the visit of Mr. G.P.R.
James, with which we are presently to be honored, is not, after all,
solely for the "gratification of the natural curiosity" of the author
of the book with so many titles, as some time ago he advised one of
his correspondents here. The London _News_ observes incidentally:
"The long-vexed question of an international copyright with our
transatlantic cousins shows symptoms of rising to a speedy crisis. Up
to a recent period the Yankees had all the advantage of the defective
state of the law. They could steal freely from our literary richness;
whereas, not only had they little of their own to be robbed of,
but their handful of authors took very good care to secure English
publishers, and, therefore, English copyrights, for their works. This
defense, however, a recent law decision has wrested from the Coopers
and Irvings of the States; so that English booksellers have now a
perfect right to treat American authors as American booksellers
have long been in the habit of serving English authors. And there is
something just in this _lex talionis_. If Dickens, may be reprinted
and sold for a shilling in New York, why may not Cooper be reprinted
and sold for a shilling in London? At all events, the reprisal system
will possibly incline our Yankee neighbors to listen to reason, and to
favor _the embassy which Mr. James, the novelist, is to undertake to
the States, with a view of making preliminary arrangements for a
full and satisfactory code directed against all future international
literary free-booting_."

* * * * *

Albert Smith and "Protection."--The _Spectator_, misled by a statement
in the Morning Post, to the effect that a Mr. Albert Smith was
present, by invitation, at a Protectionist meeting at Wallingford,
made some caustic remarks on the supposed adhesion of the witty
novelist to the cause of dear bread. The latter, astounded thereby,
sends the _Spectator_ a note, in which he says:

"The Sphinx, at which you pleasantly affirm I came home laughing from
Egypt, never propounded a darker puzzle to any of its victims than you
have to me. From last week's _Spectator_ I learn, for the first time,
that I was at a Protection meeting at Wallingford on some particular
day, and that I wept at the prices of 1845. Allow me to assure you
that I never was at Wallingford in my life: nor, indeed, did I ever
attend a public meeting anywhere. I have not the slightest notion
what the prices--I presume of corn--were in 1845; and I should never
think of expressing an opinion, in any way, upon politics, except
against that school which abuses respectability and philanthropizes
mischievous rift-raff."

* * * * *

R.H. Stoddard is preparing for the press of Ticknor, Reed & Fields, a
collection of his Poems, to include most of those he has contributed
to the periodicals since the appearance of his "Footprints," two years
ago. The book will be welcomed by the lovers of genuine poetry. Mr.
Stoddard is a young man of unquestionable genius, and we have been
pleased to observe that there is a decided improvement from time to
time in his compositions, indicating the industry and wise direction
of his studies, in refinement of taste, elegance of finish, and a
rapid and vigorous expansion of his imagination. His masterpiece, thus
far, is The _Castle in the Air_, fitly praised by our neighbor of the
_Albion_, as one of the finest productions of the present time. We do
not know of any poet at home or abroad to whose fame it would not have
added new luster. In the July number of the _Knickerbocker_ we find
the following "Dirge," which is not unworthy of him:

There's a new grave in the old church-yard,
Another mound in the snow;
And a maid whose soul was whiter far,
Sleeps in her shroud below.

The winds of March are piping loud,
And the snow comes down for hours;
But by-and-by the April rains
Will bring the sweet May flowers.

The sweet May flowers will cover her grave
Made green by the April rain;
But blight will lie on our memories.
And our tears will fall in vain!

* * * * *

Inedited Correspondence of Goethe and Schiller.--By many friends of
German literature it will be remembered that Goethe, during his life,
carefully preserved a particular portion of his papers and letters,
which he in 1827 transferred to the government of Weimar, on the
condition that the box in which they were contained should not be
opened until the present year. The 17th of May was the date fixed
upon, and in accordance with the will of the deceased poet, his heirs
and those of his brother poet Schiller were on that day judicially
summoned to Weimar to witness the opening of the case. Of Schiller's
descendants there were present on the occasion, his eldest son and
eldest daughter, and the widow of Ernst von Schiller. Goethe was
represented by his daughter-in-law and his two grandsons, Wolfgang and
Walther, who came from Vienna, their present place of residence, for
the purpose. Schiller's eldest son is chief inspector of forests in
Wurtemberg. Madame de Junot and Frau von Goethe were also present. The
box on being opened was found to contain a full correspondence between
Schiller and Goethe, ready arranged for the press. A codicil in
Goethe's will provides for their publication. Most of the letters, all
of Schiller's in fact, are autograph.

* * * * *

The Countess Ossoli, (Margaret Fuller,) we learn from the _Tribune_,
will be in New York about the 20th of the present month. Her work on
Italy will be given to the press immediately after her arrival.

* * * * *

Dr. Hoefer against Dr. Layard.--Dr. Hoefer, a well-known _savant_ in
France and Germany, has astonished the Parisians by the publication
of a work in which he boldly denies the authenticity of the ruins of
Nineveh. Even admitting, he says, that the ruins of Nineveh remain,
it is impossible that they can be in the place which Dr. Layard has
explored; and, moreover, the Assyrian-like sculptures and inscriptions
found in the supposed Nineveh, were the work of a later, and a
different people, who had the affectation of imitating Assyrian taste.

* * * * *

Both Rogers and Wilson, it is said, have declined the laureateship.
Referring to the office, the _Daily News_ has a very prosy simile: "A
dog, of any sense or self-respect, with a tin-kettle tied to his tail,
acutely feels the misery and degradation of the music he is compelled
to make. What the tin-kettle is to the dog, the yearly Ode is to the
muse. The board, if you please, but not the annoyance and irritation
of the jangle."

* * * * *

Mr. George H. Boker is at present engaged in preparing for the stage
his new play of "The Betrothal." A correspondent who has seen it
in manuscript, and for whose critical opinion we have a very high
respect, pronounces it superior, both in action, combination and
development of character, and general management of the plot, to any
of his previous dramatic writings. It will probably be brought out
next fall, not only in this city and Philadelphia, but in London,
where his tragedy of "Calaynos" had such a successful run. We believe
Mr. Boker will yet demonstrate that the art of dramatic writing is
not lost, nor likely to be while we retain the language of Shakspeare,
Jonson and Fletcher.

* * * * *

Bayard Taylor will deliver the poem before the societies of Harvard
College on the 18th inst. Among his predecessors have been Charles
Sprague, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Edward Everett, W.C. Bryant, George
Bancroft, Frederick H. Hedge, and some dozen others of the first rank
in letters.

* * * * *

John G. Whittier, we are sorry to learn, has been for some time in
ill health. He is living quietly upon his farm in Haverhill, on the

* * * * *

Browning's "Christmas-Eve."--With great peculiarity and eccentricity,
Mr. Browning is a genuine poet. Whether eccentricity is inseparable
from genius we shall leave it to others to determine. Mr. Turner's
peculiarities have admirers, and some persons affect to discover
merits in Mr. Carlyle's German style. Mr. Browning's poetic powers
raise him almost above ordinary trammels, but it has been justly
remarked of him, that transcendentalism delivered in doggerel verse
has throughout the effect of a discord."

* * * * *



This valiant soldier has lately arrived in London as Minister
Plenipotentiary from the Republic of Bolivia to the English Court. He
before visited Europe in the character of exile, but his misfortune
is in a measure repaid by the importance and dignity of his present

General Andre Santa Cruz was born in 1794, at La Paz, the capital of
one of the provinces of Bolivia, and is a direct descendant, through
his mother, from the Incas of Peru. He began his military career
immediately upon quitting college, in the Spanish army, wherein he
attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He joined the liberating army
in 1820, when Peru proclaimed her independence, and by his valor and
tactics, largely contributed to maintain the proclamation. In 1821,
as a reward for his services, he was promoted to the rank of Colonel,
and in conjunction with General Sucre, assisted to raise the standard
of liberty in the State of Ecuador. It was in the course of this
campaign that the battle of Pichincha was fought in which Santa
Cruz distinguished himself at the head of the advanced guard. These
services attracted the attention of General Bolivar, and won for
him the rank of General of Brigade. He was next engaged with General
Bolivar in the celebrated campaigns of Xemiu and Ayacucho, which
closed the wars of independence, in 1824.

The achievements of General Santa Cruz in the course of these
campaigns were rewarded by the dignity of Grand Marshal of Peru,
and the government of the departments of Chuquisaca and La Paz. His
sagacious administration in his latter capacity marked him out as the
fittest Governor of Peru, to which high post he was quickly nominated
by his admirer and friend General Bolivar. The national records of
this period bear ample testimony to the enlightened policy and the
systematic prudence with which General Santa Cruz presided over the
destinies of Peru. He retired from his post in 1827, in consequence
of the defection of part of the army from his staunch friend Bolivar,
and accepted the comparatively insignificant appointment of Minister
Plenipotentiary to the Governments of Chili and Buenos Ayres. In 1829,
a serious rebellion, that threatened irretrievable disasters, having
broken out in the Republic of Bolivia, the friends of order appealed
to their old friend General Santa Cruz as being the only man capable
of re-establishing public tranquillity. His firmness and mercy had the
rapid effect of calming the excited spirits of the rebels; and as soon
as public confidence was restored, he placed the financial affairs
of the country on a firm footing, and in conjunction with wise
counselors, drew up the civil and penal codes, which were published
within the period of his discretional government. In 1831, the
National Congress elected him Constitutional President of Bolivia and
Captain-General of the national forces; and, moreover, confirmed the
clause in the will of General Bolivar, which bequeathed the medal of
honor to him. His occupation of the Presidential chair, to which he
was reelected in 1835, was marked by unusual commercial and financial
prosperity, and the yearly revenue always exceeded the annual
expenditure. He paid great attention, also, to the diffusion of

Peru, harassed and divided by internal dissension, turned, as his
native country had turned in the hour of trouble, to General Santa
Cruz. It was proposed to form a confederation of the two republics.
This proposition was carried out and solemnly ratified in 1835;
whereupon the Peruvians, under the protection of their former chief
magistrate, laid down arms, and prepared to enjoy the blessings
of peace. The Confederation was confirmed by a convocation of the
Congresses of Cicuani, Huawra, and Tapacari, in 1836, and General
Santa Cruz was named "Protector of the Confederation." In his capacity
of Protector, the General made a triumphant entry into Lima, in 1837,
where the deliberations of a General Congress of the Confederation
were at once opened, and the constitution of the Confederation was
determined upon. The Protector's liberal policy had secured the
sympathy and esteem of all enlightened nations, gave an impetus to
native enterprise and industry, and above all, restored the credit of
Peru by acknowledging and liquidating the English liabilities. This
prosperous state of things was suddenly checked by the appearance
of a hostile Chilian fleet, which seized upon the fleet of the
Confederation in the port of Callao, without any previous declaration
of war, and by the landing of a Chilian expedition on the Intermedios,
accompanied by a handful of Peruvians who were hostile to the
Confederation. This expedition was soon subdued by the skill of
General Santa Cruz, who exacted from it the treaty of Paucaupata, and
then allowed free egress from the territory of the Confederation. This
generosity on the part of the Protector was met by treachery on the
part of Chili, directly her army was once more on Chilian ground. At
this time the Government of Buenos Ayres made an unsuccessful attack
upon the Confederation. The enemies without having been successfully
repulsed, the prosperous condition of the Confederation continued,
till General Orbegoso, one of the founders of the Confederation,
rebelled, and enlisted the troops under his command in his Cause.
This internal rebellion afforded a fresh and favorable opportunity
for renewed hostility from without, and the result was that within a
short space of time Chilian troops occupied Lima. On the appearance of
General Santa Cruz, however, the foes were compelled to evacuate and
re-embark. Defeated in this direction, the Chilian troops directed
their course to the northern provinces, where Orbegoso's rebel band
were collected. Gen. Santa Cruz, in the ardor of his determination
to rid the territory of the Confederation from this treacherous foe,
undertook a march of two hundred leagues, under the severity of which
many of his troops sank, and the result of which was his defeat at
Yungay, by the rebel forces. The defection of Generals Ballivian
and Velasco, who commanded two powerful divisions of the army of the
Confederation, made this disaster irretrievable. General Santa Cruz
was obliged to retire to Guayaquil, whence he subsequently betook
himself with his family to Europe. He has lately been accredited by
his native country Minister Plenipotentiary in London and Paris.

There are few public men who have held so many important public trusts
with such universal popularity. The liberality of the General's views,
his sagacity in council, and above all, the purity of his patriotism
and the unselfish nature of his administrations, are claims upon the
gratitude of South America that will command wider recognition in
times to come even than they obtain at the present time.

* * * * *

THE CELL OF THE BEE.--Hive-bees not only differ from wasps in building
their comb with material secreted by themselves, but they also differ
in the mode in which they construct their cells. All the wasps which
I have hitherto described have their tiers of cells single: now, the
honeycomb is invariably double. And, moreover, whilst all these wasps
and hornets arrange their cells horizontally, the bee arranges its
comb vertically.

I think it needless to enter into very minute descriptions of the
honeycomb, as all my readers are doubtless perfectly familiar with
its appearance. Each cell, like that made by the wasp, is hexagonal,
and the cells are put together in a manner which secures the greatest
strength for the least possible material. Kirby and Spence state that
"Maraldi found that the great angles were generally 10 degrees 28
minutes, and the smaller ones 70 degrees 32 minutes: and M Koenig, an
eminent mathematician, calculated that they ought to be 109 degrees
26 minutes, and 70 degrees 34 minutes, to obtain the greatest strength
with any given amount of material." Lord Brougham states that he has
discovered that the bee is right and the mathematician was wrong, and
that other mathematicians with whom he has communicated agree with
him, and have detected the source of the error.--_Instinct and

* * * * *

DISASTERS of life, like convulsions of the earth, lay bare the primary
strata of human nature: they expose to us elements we might forget,
or suppose to be transmuted by the alchemy of civilization. In this
respect they are, like those geological expositions, useful lessons
and mementoes to the lawmaker.

* * * * *


The hadj, or pilgrim-caravan, pursues its route principally by night,
and by torchlight. Moving about four o'clock in the afternoon, it
travels without stopping till an hour or two after the sun is above
the horizon. The extent and luxury of those pilgrimages, in ancient
times especially, almost exceed belief. Haroun, of _Arabian Nights'_
celebrity, performed the pilgrimage no less than nine times, and with
a grandeur becoming the commander of the faithful. The caravan of the
mother of the last of the Abassides numbered one hundred and twenty
thousand camels. Nine hundred camels were employed merely in bearing
the wardrobe of one of the caliphs, and others carried snow with them
to cool their sherbet. Nor was Bagdad alone celebrated for such pomp
and luxury in fulfilling the directions of the Koran. The Sultan of
Egypt, on one occasion, was accompanied by five hundred camels, whose
luscious burdens consisted of sweetmeats and confectionery only; while
two hundred and eighty were entirely laden with pomegranates and other
fruits. The itinerant larder of this potentate contained one thousand
geese and three thousand fowls. Even so late as sixty years since, the
pilgrim-caravan from Cairo was six hours in passing one who saw the

The departure of such an array, with its thousands of camels
glittering in every variety of trappings, some with two brass
field-pieces each,--others with bells and streamers,--others, again,
with kettle-drummers,--others, covered with purple velvet, with
men walking by their sides playing on flutes and flageolets,--some
glittering with neck ornaments and silver-studded bridles, variegated
with colored beads, and with nodding plumes of ostrich feathers on
their foreheads--to say nothing of the noble, gigantic, sacred camel,
decked with cloth of gold and silk, his bridle studded with jewels and
gold, led by two sheiks in green, with the ark or chapel containing
the Koran written in letters of gold,--forms a dazzling contrast
to the spectacle it not unfrequently presents before its mission is
fulfilled. Numbers of these gaily caparisoned creatures drop and die
miserably, and when the pilgrimage leaves Mecca the air is too often
tainted with the effluvia reeking from the bodies of the camels that
have sunk under the exhausting fatigue of the march. After he had
passed the Akaba, near the head of the Red Sea, the whitened bones
of the dead camels were the land-marks which guided the pilgrim
through the sand-wastes, as he was led on by the alternate hope
and disappointment of the mirage, or "serab," as the Arabs term it.
Burckhardt describes this phenomenon as seen by him when they were
surrounded during a whole day's march by phantom lakes. The color was
of the purest assure,--so clear, that the shadows of the mountains
which bordered the horizon were reflected with extreme precision; and
the delusion of its being a sheet of water was thus rendered perfect.
He had often seen the mirage in Syria and Egypt: there he always found
it of a whitish color, like morning mist, seldom lying steadily on the
plain, almost continually vibrating; but in the case above described
the appearance was very different, and bore the most complete
resemblance to water. This exact similitude the traveler attributes to
the great dryness of the air and earth in the desert where he beheld
it. There, too the appearance of water approached much nearer than in
Syria and Egypt, being often not more than two hundred paces from the
beholders, whereas he had never seen it before at a distance of less
than half-a-mile.--_Fraser, June._

* * * * *

Letter from the Duke Of Wellington.--A short time since, (says
the _Court Journal_,) the rector of a parish in one of the midland
counties, having obtained subscriptions toward the restoration of his
church, still found himself unable to meet all the claims which the
outlay had occasioned. To supply the deficiency, he wrote to many
persons of wealth and eminence, politely soliciting their aid. The
following is a copy of the reply which he received to the application
made to his Grace:

"F.M. the Duke of Wellington presents his compliments to Mr. ----. As
Mr. ---- feels that his letter needs apology, the Duke will say no
more on that subject; but he must add, that as there is not a church,
chapel, glebe-house, school, or even a pagoda, built from the north to
the south pole or within the utmost limits of the earth, to which he
(the Duke of Wellington) is not called upon to contribute, the Duke
is surprised that Mr. ----, having already raised L7,500 toward the
restoration of his church, should make application to the Duke, who
has nothing to say either to ---- or to ----shire."

Immediately upon the receipt of this, the reverend gentleman was
offered five guineas for the autograph, which he readily accepted,
entering the amount in his subscription-list as the Duke of
Wellington's contribution to the fund.

* * * * *


Mr. Richard J. Wyatt, an eminent English sculptor, died at Rome on
the 29th of May, after a few days' illness, and was buried in the
Protestant burial-ground. The hearse was followed by the British
Consul, the American Charge d'Affairs, and about fifty friends and
artists of all nations. Mr. Wyatt went to Rome in 1822, and worked for
Mr. Gibson. After a few years he commenced his career, in which he has
been so successful. It is said that he has executed commissions to the
extent of L20,000 sterling. He was in the fifty-seventh year of his

* * * * *





"Dumiger, my own Dumiger, you desired me not to disturb you this
night: but you surely cannot know how late it is. I am lonely and
weary, and could not resist coming to you; there is a long line of
pale light behind the Artimshof, it must be the day breaking; yes,
there, the old worn-out clock is striking five, and you are worn out,
Dumiger, so leave your work to sleep;" and the young girl blushed
deeply as she spoke.

The light in the apartment had burnt out unperceived by Dumiger;
but although pale and thin was the streak of morning's dawn, it was
sufficient to show that in that room was standing a form, beautiful
from its fullness and ripeness. She who addressed the man who was
sitting at the table was a bride but nine days since, and absorbing
indeed must have been the pursuit which kept him from her side. She
had thrown a shawl loosely over her shoulders, which fell in many
folds down to her bare feet; her hair, of that singular thickness
which all nations admire, but which the Germans alone as a nation
possess, was coiled around her small and classic head; there was
on her cheek that soft bloom which is called into existence by
love alone, and which makes the pulses of youth beat quickly as it
gazes. Nothing was wanting to complete her excellence--neither that
refinement which poets love to dwell on sometimes to the prejudice
of other qualities, nor that perfection of feature, the admiration
of which is the first characteristic of early passion; and yet,
notwithstanding, when she placed her hand upon her husband's shoulder
the touch did not arouse him from his reverie. His forehead was
pressed by both his hands as if to restrain the pulsations of the
temples; implements of all description lay around him; small wheels,
and springs of different constructions, segments of circles, and
various sections bore evidence to the deep nature of his studies, and
to the exertion which merited repose. The girl sighed as she looked
at the surrounding chaos; she took one hand gently and unresistingly
on his part from his face, and pressed it to her own. While she
gazed fondly upon the pale; wan countenance which it had concealed,
it seemed, alas! to dawn slowly upon her that this confused heap
of material was but an indication of ideas equally disturbed, and
energies as broken. To whom had she wedded herself? To a man whose
whole soul was absorbed in one idea, and that an idea which evidently
separated him from her, which created a gulf between them, that not
fame, nor power, nor boundless wealth, could ever fill up, for that
gulf is fathomless--the gulf of ambition, for which ambition barters,
as in this instance, its enjoyment--manhood too often its truth--and
old age its repose. Yes, she had linked her destiny to such a man,
and now she felt the full import of the vow she had made, of the
pledge she had taken. She had done so wittingly, knowingly, with
consideration; but not until that moment had the full force of her
position burst upon her.

"Dumiger," she again whispered in the small, still voice of love;
bending her lips to his hand at the same time,--"Dumiger!"

There was silence, for he slept.

But slowly, as though by a secret sympathy, he awoke to consciousness:
he looked wildly around the room, and then turned a keen, earnest gaze
on the form near him.

"Marguerite, my love," he said gently, and then he put his arm around
her waist, and pressed his lips to hers, "you promised me, Marguerite,
that you would let me toil through this night."

"So I did, Dumiger," she replied; "but I felt nervous and wretched; I
could not sleep: besides, look out, the night is already passed, it is
quite morning, and very chilly too," she said, as she drew her shawl
closer round her bosom.

"Yes, you will catch cold, my darling. Leave me."

"And you, Dumiger, will you remain here, poring over these volumes,
and torturing your brains? I am sure, that you will succeed far more
easily (for I never doubt your success, but lament the price you will
have to pay for it), you will succeed far better by giving yourself
more rest, and working by day instead of night; your cheek is quite
pale. Dumiger: now, in your boyhood, you have lines marked on your
forehead which in others are the result of pain and toil. Your eyes
have lost--"

She was about to add, "their brightness," when as though a sudden ray
of light had flashed through them, they gleamed with even more than
their wonted intelligence.

"Marguerite, Marguerite," he exclaimed, clasping her in his arms, "you
know not what you are saying. Look here!" and he rose hurriedly from
his seat and drew her toward the window; "do you see that star in the
east, how bright it is, that you can even distinguish the ray it sheds
from the gray light which breaks from behind those masses of clouds?
By that light I tell you I shall succeed in my most extravagant
expectations. How many anxious nights I have waited for that
star! Until I saw it I had no hope--now, my hope can scarcely find
expression. I am grateful to Thee, O Providence, for this revelation,
for the accomplishment of all my wishes;" and he bowed his head as
though in adoration, and almost sank on his knees.

Marguerite looked at him as if she dreaded that his brain was turned.
Dumiger interpreted that look; for what look is there that love cannot

"No, Marguerite, I am not mad, believe me. This toil has not yet
turned my brain, though it might indeed have done so, for it is sad
and hard to labor night after night in pursuit of an object so distant
and yet so prized. You ask me why I labor through the night? Foolish
child! why you must know that the clock for which the city has offered
so extravagant a prize, and to obtain which, not I alone, but so many
others are wasting their health and squandering their youth--you must
know that this clock is not only to tell the hour of the day, and the
month of the year, but to contain within its works the secret of the
movements of the heavenly bodies;--that to obtain this prize they must
read the wonders of the skies, and penetrate its mysteries. It is a
wild and fearful study, Marguerite--a study, the pursuit of which is
not calculated by the hands on the dial-plate. Even now I marvel at
the audacity of the men who proposed such a design, and the boldness
of those who, like myself, have undertaken to fulfill it. You cannot
imagine, Marguerite, how such contemplations remove one from the
world in which we live. Until I knew you, Marguerite, I cared for and
thought of nothing else."

"And even now, Dumiger, is this not the case?" said she, with a gentle

"No, to your love I owe all, Marguerite," he answered. "It seemed
to purify my feelings, to elevate my mind to the height of this vast
argument--until I knew you there was a link wanting in my life. When I
used to ponder on the marvelous love of the Infinite, which could work
out this wondrous system, and give man the faculty and the desire
of comprehending it, I felt that the mind contained capacities long
concealed from its owner; I felt that even in this world there must be
at some time a perfect revelation of perfect love to man, beyond that
love of nature which is to be derived from the study of this world's
natural laws and those of the lights which rule it. I was then
unsatisfied, Marguerite, for there was a void in my heart which
nothing could fill up; and I remember once meeting with a passage in a
favorite author which said, that whosoever had a faculty or sensation
unemployed could not be happy. I was in that situation; but strange to
say, absorbing as the passion of love is, when I once understood this
great mystery I was better able to devote all my energies to science.
I had often heard it said, that a pure and holy affection is the
purest and surest source of energy and greatness--until I knew you,
Marguerite, I gave no credit to the saying."

"And this star, Dumiger, which is growing fainter and fainter?"

"It was the one evidence wanting to prove the accuracy of my
calculations. Look here, Marguerite," and he rose from the table with
weak and faltering steps, and drew back a curtain which was drawn
across a corner of the small room. There she saw a small clock of
exquisite manufacture, a complicated mass of machinery--so complicated
that it would have looked like fabled labor to have even put it
into motion, or regulated it when in motion. "Look here," continued
Dumiger, "here is the result of two years' toil. I have already
adapted these works to each other: it is, as you may perceive, a
representation of the heavenly bodies; but I could not satisfy myself
that my own calculations were correct until I saw this star which I
expected to rise as it has risen this morning. Now, Marguerite, my
best beloved, you have seen it burning brightly in that spot of the
heavens, it is a pledge of our future love and of my great success--I
accept it with humility and gratitude. Yes, now. Marguerite, I will
retire with you; a great fact has been accomplished. If labor is
virtuous, if to exercise the faculties be a part of the discipline
of life, then, even if I die now, I have not lived unworthily, and my
labor has not been wholly in vain. What think you, my Marguerite?"

She looked her answer in those dark, speaking, lustrous eyes. The
greatness of his mind had passed to hers; the mysterious sympathy of
kindred souls united them. She was proud of him; and her eyes flashed
lightning, and her cheek flushed deeply, as she replied--

"I can forgive you now, Dumiger, all your neglect, in the hope of
seeing you famous and honored by all your fellow-townsmen."

"Ay, Marguerite," replied Dumiger, "there it is; it is fame for itself
I care for--to be great, powerful and wealthy, is a matter of but
small importance. One can live without rank, without power, without
wealth, and perhaps be all the happier for wanting them. This little
room, small and ill-furnished though it be, contains in it as much
happiness as any one heart can enjoy. If we have everything we
desire, what care I in how small a compass they may be expressed? For
instance, I would not yield one of your kisses, Marguerite, for all
the palace of the Grand Master can offer. Some of my friends have
richer abodes, but what matter? Where did Van Eyck, who immortalized
himself by that one painting, known throughout Europe as the Dantzic
picture, reside? Why, in one of those wretched buildings, ill
supported by props and pillars, near the Grime Thor, but which his
fellow-townsmen are at this moment prouder of than they are of the
Artimshof or the Stockthurm. How did Andreas Stock live? In obscurity
and penury, without one smile of good fortune to gild the darkness
of existence. But do you suppose that these men were unhappy? Oh no,
Marguerite, to make everything in nature beautiful there is but one
element in nature essential, and that is light. To make everything in
the heart rejoice there is but one sensation essential, it is love.
How think you, Marguerite?"

Her only reply was a long, long kiss.

And they retired to rest as the bells of the city chimed in the merry
morning, arousing in that city its slumbering passions, fears, loves,
difficulties, and perils, which had been for long hours buried in
sleep. But amid the various sounds which began to echo through the
streets, there was one wanting to give evidence that the dawn, of a
great town was breaking. No clock worthy of the noble Dom, imitated by
Ritter of Strasburg from St. Sophia, arrested the attention of those
who were starting forth on their several pilgrimages of toil or joy:
none had yet been wrought worthy of the mighty majestic pile which
overshadowed the free city, and reared its towers lofty as the great
League to whose wealth it owed its origin. To construct such a clock
was the object for which Dumiger labored; and not he alone, but
hundreds of skilled workmen, toiled anxiously through the long autumn
nights, for the citizens of Dantzic loved that glorious fane whose
lofty towers looked upon their birth, and beneath whose shadow the
noblest of their freemen were buried. To connect their names with
that great monument, seemed to them to be an object well worthy of the
noblest and oldest commercial houses. Two years had been allowed for
the undertaking, and the time for deciding the prize was drawing near;
and amongst all who toiled to win it, none more zealously labored
in the work than Dumiger Lichtnau, known to history as Dumiger of


If it be a grateful sight to behold the young and happy when all life
is bright before them, when the soil which they tread on is covered
with flowers, and the only murmurs which they hear are the murmurs
of soft breezes, and the only sighs are sighs of passion; not less
beautiful is it to see the young linked together in love, struggling
with adversity; to see two beings whose sole object in life it is
to alleviate the daily toil of each other; to whom every effort of
self-denial through the object of its exercise becomes a blessing; to
whom the future is full of promise, because exertion gives confidence,
and self-confidence is the source of all hope. There is something
very touching in the sight of those whom the world deserts, or to
whose interests the world is at best indifferent, arousing all
their energies to battle with adverse circumstances. Then every
little addition to the daily comforts is prized, as the result of
independence and of honorable exertion--in a word, as the reward of
labor: every holiday arrives fraught not merely with enjoyment, but
with blessing. To such there are sources of happiness, which the gay,
the wealthy, the children of life's sun know nothing of, but which in
their noonday career of splendor and greatness they might well stop to

On such an existence Marguerite had entered. Hers was a simple
history, told in few words, but connected with long previous chapters
of passions and regrets; for she was the child of love, begotten
in tears, and brought up in one of those admirable foundling
establishments which prevail in Germany, and are at once the
incentives to love and the protection of its offspring. She left it a
year previously to the period when we are writing, to enter a family
of distinction as a humble friend and teacher. There Dumiger chanced
to meet her. When first he met he loved; and like all men of earnest
purpose, he loved with no common passion. The family were of that kind
so frequently met with in society--affecting great consideration for
those whom fate has placed beneath them, but expressing consideration
in such terms as made it almost an offense, and proving their vanity
in the very manner in which they affected humility. She at once
accepted Dumiger, though some months elapsed before it was possible
for them to marry. At last, by dint of great exertion, they laid aside
sufficient money to commence the world with. Dumiger had the small
apartment, within whose narrow limits his mind expanded to the
contemplation of the vast field of inquiry on which he presumed to
enter, and he transported Marguerite to her new home; there to indulge
in imaginations of love, boundless and visionary, as his were of

The day following that which we have described there was a great
annual _fete_ at Dantzic. The free city for the time donned its freest
and most joyous manners; it was one of those days in which honest
burghers, and most especially honest burghermasters, delight,
because they are then enabled to put on their greatness with their
broadcloths; and every flag and inscription in the streets is a
tribute to their past, and an incentive to their renewed exertions.
Fortunately the day rose in more than ordinary brightness; the Mottlaw
and the Radaw, two streams which flow through the center of Dantzic,
reflected the variegated masses of colors worn by those who thronged
their banks; Commerce had for that day deserted the lofty mart and
still loftier warehouse to muse by the side of the river which bore
her richest freights; processions from the neighboring villages
marched with music at their head into the city, bearing the devices of
their various trades, and when the crowd separated to let them pass,
the captains of companies and humbler officials drew themselves up as
they traversed the rude, ill-fashioned pavement of the picturesque
and antique gabled city. It was the _fete_ of the patron saints of
the town,--strange evidence of a future state, even among those who
reflect but little; for there as ever all men turn alike to some
mysterious guardian for protection, and like this city are consecrated
to some faith. In the midst of these happy groups, which were
collected at every corner and filled every gasthof, moved Dumiger
and Marguerite, most blessed and happy where all looked smiling and
contented. Marguerite was the envy of all brides, and of those who
wished to become so; and there was not a young burgher of distinction
who had not at some time or another looked upon her with admiring
gaze, and followed her to the palace in which she dwelt, and loitered
under her window,--where, however, the thin slight curtain was rarely
if ever drawn aside to satisfy the vanity of the gazer or to kindle
her own. She was of a very admirable beauty, as perfect as is commonly
found in nature, which fancy can at will outwork,--tall, of excellent
symmetry, with a clear, noble brow, the proudest type of Nature's
glory. There were few in town who did not know her at all events, from
reputation, and that reputation was spotless. Of Dumiger's appearance
we cannot say as much: he would have been decidedly plain but for the
indications of genius which his countenance afforded. His forehead
was marked with the lines of patient and anxious thought; but these
evidences, if they did not serve to please the gazer, at least
commanded his respect. He was somewhat bent by premature exertion; the
hair, even at that early age, was thin and scanty on the temples; his
step was slightly enfeebled by want of proper exercise. Altogether
he was a very remarkable man from the intellectual power which every
lineament expressed; yet altogether he was scarcely such a person
as would have been considered likely to awaken a strong passion in
a young girl like Marguerite. For it is too true that, to use the
expression of a writer of that age, _il avait l'air d'un ame qui avait
recontre par hasard un corps et qui s'en tirait comme il pouvait_.

And yet--so strange a being is woman!--desirous like the Hindoo wife
to sacrifice herself on whatever altar she raises in her heart,
Marguerite, in order to marry Dumiger, had refused the greatest
offers,--amongst others, no less a person than the son of that house
into which she had been received. But irrespective of the affection
which she felt for Dumiger, she was in her nature proud and haughty,
and she would not have consented, even under other and less favorable
circumstances, to have entered where she was despised by the rest of
the family. It may be imagined how great indignation was excited in
this man by her refusal, the more especially as, like Dumiger, he
thought himself a proficient in science and the mechanical arts, and
was one of those who in his way was laboring for the prize so soon to
be awarded by the city. If merit was to be the test of success, he
had but little chance; but where is that man and where are those minds
with whom rank and power have not their weight? He was, therefore, if
not the most formidable by intellect, at all events by circumstance,
the one of Dumiger's competitors the most to be dreaded, for his
father was the president of that council which presided over the
destinies of Dantzic, and who usurped more than imperial authority. He
belonged to the ancient house of Albrect, Grand Master of the Teutonic
Knights, and oldest freeman of the Hanseatic League. A strange, proud
man, who when he learned indirectly that his son Frederick was in love
with Marguerite, indulged in a storm of fearful indignation, until he
found from her that on no account did she intend to accept the suit;
and then, in spite of his gratification at the certainty that his
son could not make a marriage which he thought so discreditable,
his vanity was wounded at her decision, and even while he praised
Marguerite's disinterested conduct, in his heart he was garnering up
hatred against her. A blow to vanity is terrible, and it is a blow
which the humblest and weakest can give as well as the most powerful,
in the contempt or even the indifference expressed for the pursuit in
which we are interested, or for the object which we have attained.
So much of our opinion of the value of an object depends on the price
which others set upon it, that it is sufficient to know others are
indifferent to it for ourselves to undervalue it. But Marguerite went
forward in her career of happiness, quite ignorant of the dislike she
was leaving behind her. She told Frederick the truth, that she loved
Dumiger, and kindly added, that but for this circumstance she might
one day have loved him; and then with a light heart she left the
splendid palace for the abode of poverty.

They moved on together, those two young and loving beings, and so
intent were they on their own happiness, so concentrated in each
other, that they did not observe how the crowd through which they
passed fell back in admiration: but at last Dumiger caught the
expressions of their faces, and saw the glance which accompanied them,
and then he almost looked nobly born, so proud became his step and
steadfast his gaze. The long market (surrounded with its fantastic
gables, strange, rickety, and picturesque, which looked us though they
retained the expression of the angular, quaint, rococo faces of those
by whom the houses were formerly tenanted) was crowded with all that
was gay and animated in Dantzic; around the fountains, somewhat rude
in their execution but admirable in their models, the peasants from
the neighborhood were congregated. Presently the crowd, which had
momentarily become greater and still greater, swayed backward and
forward like the tide in a harbor when a noble vessel enters its
gates. They made place for a herald, who rode on horseback surrounded
by his deputies, and gave notice in an audible voice that on that day
week the Supreme Council would meet to decide on the merits of the
different pieces of mechanism which were to be submitted to their
judgments, and which were to be sent in three days previously. Then
the herald recited the rewards which the great and free city offered
to the most successful competitors: they were worthy of the great
League of which Dantzic was the head:--A house to be kept up at the
expense of the State, to be styled the "most honorable," a ring
of honor, but above all, a laurel wreath, and to have precedence
immediately after the Supreme Council itself. Such was the attachment
of the inhabitants of Dantzic to their town and its glories that
its embellishment was dearer to them than any personal or material
advantages. But it is probable that these honors would not have been
so great on the present occasion had the Grand Master not been fully
impressed with the belief that his own son would succeed in the
contest, and add another and the greatest to the honors which belonged
to his house. Marguerite and Dumiger pressed forward through the crowd
to hear the proclamation read, and the blood flowed in their cheeks
as they listened. Dumiger turned to look at Marguerite, her eyes were
moist with love and admiration; he pressed her arm fondly, and said in
a low voice,--

"Now, Marguerite, will you forgive me the hours passed in solitude, in
selfish silence, when you know how highly the city estimates this work
to which my nights and days have been devoted?"

Her only answer was a glance of affection which thrilled through his

It was night, they were tired of wandering about, and entered one of
the numerous _cafes_ which had been temporarily erected in celebration
of the day. In the center of the Grande Place a stage was built for
dancing, and when the band played its liveliest tunes the bright-eyed
dancers swept round in admirable time; the variegated lamps which hung
around the square checkered the pavement with every variety of hue,
cast such a glory on the fountain that its outline was worked as it
were with threads of gold. All these different colors and shapes were
reflected in the rippling waves of the ever-rolling waters. Youths in
the gayest dresses strutted away their proud hour of triumph with that
graceful vanity of pretension which youth so well becomes, or flirted
with the tender maidens, who in silver-laced bodice and scarlet skirt,
with their brows encircled with interwoven wild flowers, sat round the
brink of the fountain, where the murmurs of the ever-falling waters
could best conceal the murmurs of love. And above all this gorgeous
tumult and bright excitement the moon from her throne of silver clouds
rose like a virgin queen; the bold architecture of the Dom stood in
clear relief, some parts as though sculptured out of heaven's light,
while the depths of the arches were buried in mysterious shade,
emblematic of the faith to which it was dedicated,--in part clear to
the fresh comprehension of the youngest child, and again full of deep
and fathomless mysteries. Athwart the flood of light which filled the
square, the deep shade of this noble Dom was thrown, like the dark
visions of the future which sometimes fall upon the heart in its hours
of brightest enjoyment. If one had stood that night on the lofty tower
and looked forth on the vast multitude, he need not, Asmodeus-like,
have unroofed the houses to read the history of human life or the
passions of the human heart, for life and passion had gone forth
that night from many a tranquil abode to revel in publicity. One so
standing above the wild hum of tumultuous enjoyment would in silent
thought have marveled at the strange drama performing as it were at
his feet,--the sad and fearful mixture of the shadows and lights of
life and death, the market-place, and close at hand the burial-ground.
Talk of contemplation in the wild solitudes of the country, how much
more is there room for contemplation in the crowded mart and the
bustling thoroughfare! Where is the river whose current is so rapid as
the current of life, or at time so dangerous and treacherous? Where
is the tide whose ebb and flow is so uncertain as the ebb and flow of
existence? Where are to be found winds and waves more boisterous than
those which agitate the human heart? Where is the shore so strewn with
wrecks as the heart with the broken memorials of passion which may
have long since swept over it? If Nature in its solitude affords
calm enjoyment, in its human development it affords matter for deeper
thought; if the view from the mountain-top, extending over hill
and dale, expand the mind, to stand above the wild tumult of a town
equally exalts the imagination and conveys knowledge, even while it
compels the gazer to pass out of himself.

As they approached a coffee-house on the same side of the street as
the Dom, Marguerite proposed to Dumiger to remain there, where they
could best see the dancing, and she drew a chair toward her.

"No, no, not here!" exclaimed Dumiger; and he took her across the
square to another house of greater reputation.

But it was not on this account that Dumiger preferred it, but because
it had a view of the Dom; he could there contemplate the space which
was left for the clock, of which he fondly believed he was making the
model. He pictured to himself that tower, the wonder and admiration
of the town; that on the spot where he was then sitting numbers would
crowd to view the wonderful machinery fashioned by his genius.

The history of the _cafe_ to which he took Marguerite was curious;
it had been opened not less than one hundred and twenty years without
being once entirely closed. It was, in point of fact, formed by two
houses, which were used alternately to allow of the necessary repairs
and cleansings. On such an occasion as the present they were both
thrown open,--the one part was for persons of the second rank, amongst
which Dumiger and Marguerite now classed themselves; the other was
reserved for the people of the higher order, for in this city of
popular institutions and liberal opinions the distinction of classes
was very strictly preserved.

Marguerite and Dumiger ordered some slight refreshment. Marguerite
was enjoying that repose which is so agreeable to the mind after the
sensation of strong happiness; Dumiger, with his head resting on his
hand, was gazing on the lofty tower of the Dom, and the light fleecy
clouds, which appeared to be almost attracted by the glittering vane.
At that moment a rude hand slapped his shoulder.

"You here, Dumiger!" said Carl. "Why, Confound it, man. I thought you
were poring over dull tomes of the University library, or worshiping
a saint" and he took off his hat to Marguerite. "Here is Krantz, your
old friend Krantz, whom you have not seen since we were all at Bonn
together: so I will drink with you as well as he did three years
since, when we reveled in Rhenish."

Dumiger seized the extended hand, a gleam shot across his mind: the
three years of abstraction and thought appeared to be swept away; he
only beheld his two boon companions; his countenance was lightened of
a dozen years.

"Marguerite, these are two friends of mine," he said; "it is getting
late and cold. See, the lights on the fountains are burning very dim,
and the benches are deserted. You will not grudge me this one night
for acquaintance sake, dear Marguerite? I shall not he late, but I
must grant myself one bottle to-night to drink to my success. What,
angry, my Marguerite!"

She was not angry, but she thought that love in life is of rare
fulfillment. Again another night of loneliness: yesterday it was a
disagreeable necessity, now an agreeable excitement, but both alike
led to a lonely room and a lonely heart. But in the shade Dumiger
pressed her hand, and assured her with many kisses that he would
return within two hours, and she tried to feel satisfied and assured.
The three friends sat down; a larger table replaced the small stand
which had been exclusively devoted to ices; three bottles of huge
dimensions were brought from the cellar; pledge after pledge was
received and given. Dumiger became a different man, save that at
moments, in the midst of some burst of louder hilarity, the cloud of
ambition would cross his brow and seem to furrow it, and then he would
fold his arms across his breast, as if to repress the outbreak of
his soul. It was during one of these moments of abstraction that Carl
turned suddenly round.

"Why, Dumiger," he exclaimed, "you do not fill your glass! In former
days, man, you were of a very different mood. Has marriage so tamed
you? Won't Marguerite allow it!"

Krantz and the two friends made the place ring with their rude
students' laugh. "Ha! ha! I, why I am in excellent spirits," said
Dumiger, filling a bumper with the strongest of the wines upon the
table. "I ought to be in good spirits, for I have everything to make
me so."

"Ay, the most beautiful girl in Dantzic for a wife," said Carl.

"With a large fortune?" said Krantz, laughing.

"That will come," replied Dumiger, heated by wine.

"Large fortune!" they both exclaimed; "where are you to get it,
student? Have you found an old cave in the Grime Thor, Dumiger, with a
fortune buried, as the old romances have it?"

"Yes, I shall soon discover a fortune," exclaimed the boy, now fairly
excited, and his cheeks glowing with animation; "and more than a
fortune. Fame and honors shall be heaped upon us. Do you imagine that
I have been wasting the last three years of my life? do you believe
that the ambition which was the subject of your illusive aim at
college is dead? No! look here, Carl and Krantz, this day week will
see me famous, and ennoble my family till it vies even with the Grand

"You are mad," said Carl.

"No, I am speaking words of soberness," said he, with an earnestness
which carried conviction even to those wild spirits. "I tell you that
I have an inward confidence that I shall win this prize which was
proclaimed to-day, that my name will be associated with the proudest
fame ever reared in Dantzic. Oh, the nights and days of toil, the
hopes and fears which have agitated me, for the last three years:
these will account to you for the paleness of my cheek, and my vacant
look. Well, I have this day completed the test by which the accuracy
of my work is proved, and now I hold I shall be great."

He spoke so loud that his voice echoed through the peristyle; it
disturbed one not the least interested in the conversation, Frederick
Asprecht. He lent an attentive ear to all that fell from the speaker's
lips, and then he learned that not only had he been robbed of an
affection which he had striven to win, but that the same man who
had married Marguerite was about to take from him the possibility of
obtaining a prize he sought for. In the vanity of his pretensions
he could not believe it possible that Dumiger really was not at
the moment speaking extravagantly; it was not until he listened
attentively, and heard him give a detailed account of the nature
of his mechanism, that he saw (for he was not wanting in scientific
knowledge) that Dumiger's confidence was far from misplaced.
Frederick, when he had heard sufficient, left the place with a heavy
heart, and with melancholy step retired to his chambers of luxury.

He entered the Grand Master's palace, and through the vast marble
hall, where the banners hung against the walls, and devices and
armorial bearings testified to the antiquity and gallantry of his
race. The lofty roof, supported by vast ashen beams, echoed to each
step as it rang on the pavement. Sculpture and painting decorated
the several galleries; but he passed by all unnoticed, for he had
one object in view which absorbed all others, and rendered him now
indifferent to the luxuries and grandeur by which he was surrounded.
To his surprise when he entered a colonnade full of the choicest
flowers, which united the extreme wings of the vast building, he found
his father walking there with an anxious, timid step, his manner was
nervous and uneasy.

"Frederick," said the old man, one of those dignified, astute, tall,
gray-bearded, and keen-eyed men, whom we find in the picture galleries
of the middle ages, dressed in a suit of stately black, with the
golden chain of his order, and riband of the Fleece, "I was very
anxious to see you, my son. The influence of our house is deserting
us; you have not attended the council lately--there is a majority
organizing against us. You should be at your post my son. The first
element of success in life is industry--patient, untiring industry; it
is to this we owe the fortunes of our house the very decorations which
I wear, the consideration with which I am treated," and the old man
curled the long, tapering moustache, partly in pride, partly in anger.

"But, my father, you forget that I am wholly occupied in my
studies--that you yourself urged me to contend for the prize which the
city gives--that you considered this would be the readiest means of
extending your family influence."

"Forget!" exclaimed the old man indignantly. "Forget!" and his
spurs clanged upon the pavement. "I am not quite so old as to forget
thus--neither do I forget that you wasted three months in making love
to that jungfrau Marguerite, and three more months in lamenting her
loss, even after she had spurned you, you son of the chief citizen of
Dantzic. You succeed in nothing, sir; unstable as water, you trifle
away all existence. Now tell me, you solitary student, where have you
been to-night? Of course not wasting every moment in the holiday with
your boon companions, and making love to all the peasants? Speak,

"It is true, my father; I was at the fair," replied Frederick,

"You tell the truth at any rate," continued the Count, somewhat
touched by his frankness. "Well, then, we won't say anything more
about the past and Marguerite; but tell me as frankly what prospect
you have of success in the competition for this famous clock, for
on that will greatly depend the power of sustaining our family

So appealed to, Frederick thought it wise at once to prepare his
father for the truth. He told him that until that evening he had
imagined that he possessed every prospect of obtaining the prize, and
then he repeated all that he had overheard Dumiger asserting. In the
bitterness of his spirit he inveighed against him as a personal enemy,
and as he spoke vehemently and earnestly, his father's eyes glistened
with vengeance and pleasure, for he saw that the dignity of the father
had passed into his son; he had never seen the youth so excited, he
now felt that he was worthy of the old time-honored race.

"Ah," he said, "Dumiger again; and his scheme and plan seem well
founded. However, neither the man nor his production will find great
favor in the council while I have influence there; he may exaggerate
his merits."

"I think not," said Frederick. "But there is one way to get rid of
his competition," said Frederick, laying his hand on the hilt of his

"No, no, young man; take your hand from your sword: I will have no
brawling, no bloodshed, like those common burghers, whose sons are
even now rustling through the market-place. But wait a little; night
gives counsel. I think I have a way far more practical and less
hazardous than that which you propose--leave the matter in my hands,
Frederick. I am glad to find you have some spirit, that it has not
all been dissipated on that foolish girl; there is always hope in man
where there is energy. What I feared was that you might become a mere
dreamer, and struggle through an idle, vaporing existence: now I hold
that you are worthy of your name, although the conviction has reached
me in an unpleasant form. But leave this to me, all will be right; you
have only one thing to do, to send Hoffman to me to-morrow morning."

"Hoffman the silversmith, who lives at the corner near the senate
house?" asked Frederick.

"Precisely," replied the Count, and soon his firm unbroken step was
heard ringing in the distance.

Frederick went out on the balcony to meditate on what possible steps
his father proposed taking to overrule the opposition of Dumiger.
With all his frivolity and dissipation he was greatly ambitious, and
most anxious to sustain a reputation he had long enjoyed of having it
in his power to command success in any pursuit to which he chose to
direct his attention--that Alcibiades and Admirable Crichton character
which is the principal source of failure to many men in life. With the
exception of the hours wasted in the useless pursuit of Marguerite,
he certainly had not in the present instance been wanting in exertion,
and he also had, like many other chief burghers in Dantzic, turned his
attention to mechanical pursuits; it was the first time, he now felt
convinced, that those exertions would be all thrown away. As he looked
down from the lofty gallery in which he was standing on the dense
circle of happy dancers, who were whirling round and round in the
center of the square; as he heard the joyous laugh from the numerous
groups who thronged the coffee-houses; as the plumes of the guards
waved in the moonlight, and the light flashed on the bright uniforms
and brighter checks which reposed upon them, he began to think how
idle was a life of ambition, how far happier he was when as a boy he
joined in the merry supper; when the clear, bright, sparkling wine
represented the free spirits of those who drank it; when maidens, with
gay hearts and light golden hair, sought his love. "Give me back these
joys," he exclaimed in agony; "give me that youth which graced the
pursuits of love, and which dignified every enjoyment: take from
me that ambition, which only leads to misery in its failure and to
disappointment in its fulfillment."


Hoffman, the silversmith, whom the count desired to see, was one
of those men who have existed at all times and in all countries,
who trade on the exertions of those who possess more energy and
perseverance than themselves, and who really do seem essential to
the great mechanism of society. He had from time to time rendered
assistance to Dumiger, who, unfortunately at the present moment
owed him a large sum of money, which it would take a long time to
liquidate. The count also had dealings with the silversmith; for
in the _quartier Juif_ all classes meet and jostle each other. But
Hoffman was a superior man of his order, he knew the secret history
of most of the important burghers, was consulted on many very delicate
subjects, and could have published more scandal than any Sunday
Chronicle of these more modern days. The count was like all other
counts, incessantly in debt; so, when Hoffman was ordered to attend on
the Grand Master, he did not doubt that the mandate originated in the
ordinary necessity, and he prepared himself accordingly to evade or
concede. Some time previously the count had found it necessary to part
with a great portion of his old family plate, and as it was during the
passion of his son for Marguerite, and after Dumiger had carried off
the prize, he had discovered from the loquacious goldsmith all the
particulars relative to Dumiger, and amongst others the account of
his pecuniary obligations, and that Hoffman had a bond from him for a
very large sum in his possession. The object of the count's present
interview with Hoffman was to know on what terms he could purchase the
bond; and when the jeweler arrived, the bargain was soon concluded.
Hoffman thought the bond would never be paid, and so the count
purchased it for three times its apparent value.

On the previous evening Dumiger returned flushed and excited to his
house. The moment his friends had left him, he began to regret the
confidence he had placed in them, and the frankness with which he
had expressed himself. He retained but a very slight recollection of
all that he had said, but he thought it was quite sufficient to
have aroused the ridicule of those around him. Most painful of all
sensations, the vague sense of a folly committed, the extent and the
consequences of which are alike unknown to us! As he approached
his home it seemed to him that he had profaned his affection for
Marguerite by mentioning her name in that rude society, and broken
her confidence by alluding to his hopes and his fears. While his
secret had been confined to his own breast, or communicated only
to Marguerite, his confidence in himself had never for a moment
been weakened; but now that others were made acquainted with his
convictions and his hopes, they seemed to him exaggerated and
unfounded. He had for a moment forgotten that the chief secret
of success in all undertakings in life is Silence. Silence in the
scheming, silence in the execution, silence in the fulfillment; half
the charm that had given him strength was lost now that he had opened
his breast and disclosed its secrets to others. And it was with a
feeling approaching to disgust that he entered his workroom, and saw
all the material of his great enterprise scattered about the floor.

He went to Marguerite's room. She was sleeping with all the freshness
of youthful dreams glowing on her cheek; after the tumult of the day
the stillness of that room soothed his spirit. He reflected how little
satisfactory were all these pursuits compared to the tranquillity of
home, but then, even as he sat by the bedside, and with her hand in
his, pondered on the past and future--a pageant as it were, robed in
cloth of gold and purple, and laurel-crowned, swept by him; and the
glory of being preeminent among his fellow-men flashed upon his soul.
If he should fail--. A cold damp settled on his brow at the thought,
for in that event all his time had been thrown away, and there was
no possibility of his meeting his various engagements. It was not one
Hoffman but many that beset him, although Hoffman was truly the most
avaricious of his tribe, where all were greedy. And then, as he gazed
on the lovely countenance by his side, he thought of the affection
which had resigned all luxury, and, far above all luxury, that
consideration which women so prize, for him, and that he had brought
her to a home where she had to deny herself many of those comforts
to which she had been accustomed. He regretted the deed. Still more
did he regret the time that he had that night wasted, and the money
that he had squandered; but it was too late for repentance. All
that he could now do was to nerve his energies for the toil of
the morrow--that morrow which comes to all men, the faith of the
procrastinator, the hope of the sufferer, the mercy of the unbeliever.

He awoke in the morning with renewed resolution, but his brow was
still heated with the dissipation of the previous night, and his hand
shook as he applied himself to his work. After a couple of hours,
however, when Marguerite had taken her place by his side, he forgot
Dantzic, Carl, and Krantz, all the annoyances which threatened him. He
was absorbed in his pursuit, and Marguerite was looking over with her
attention not less absorbed than his own, when to their astonishment
the magnificent carriage, with the heavy, sleek, overfed horses, of
the Count Albrecht, rolled up to the door.

"Look here, Dumiger," exclaimed Marguerite, running to the window with
a woman's curiosity flushing her cheek. "Here is the Grand Master's
carriage--what can he be doing at this house?"

"He must be calling on the new arrivals who took the apartments on
the first-floor yesterday," said Dumiger, scarcely looking up from his
work, on which all his attention was concentrated.

"They are beautiful horses, and the manes and tails are decorated with
ribands which would furnish me with sashes for a whole life," thought
Marguerite; but she avoided giving utterance to her feeling, lest
Dumiger should interpret it into an expression of regret at having
given up the prospect of ever obtaining all these luxuries.

Marguerite had just left the window when a heavy step was heard on
the stair, and loud knock at the door roused Dumiger from his fit
of abstraction, nearly making him jump from his chair. The impulsive
"Come in!" which he uttered, was immediately succeeded by the
appearance of the Count.

Dumiger, like most men of deep thought and habits of abstraction, was
diffident. He stood for some moments thunderstruck without performing
any of the usual courtesies of society. Marguerite in her surprise
imagined that she must have been guilty of some great negligence while
residing in the palace, with which the Count now came to reproach her.

The silence was broken by the Count himself, who nodded kindly, almost
familiarly to Marguerite, and without any further ceremony took the
chair from which Dumiger had just risen.

"I called to see whether you were comfortable, Marguerite, in your new
abode. It is small," continued the Count, as lolling back in his chair
he touched the wall with the back of his head: "I suppose, however,
that you will some day be able to afford a larger. I do not wish to
trespass upon your confidence, but as I have the liveliest gratitude
for the admirable manner in which you, Marguerite, discharged all your
duties while you were with me, you must let me evince my recollection
of them by a small wedding present." And the Count laid a rouleau of
gold pieces on the table.

"Oh, sir!" exclaimed Dumiger, seizing the Count's hand with effusion,
"you are so kind but I can assure you that we are quite happy here.
When one is truly attached to another, the little sacrifices of life
become a pleasure," and Dumiger's eyes so filled with tears, that he
did not perceive the quiet, cold sneer on the Count's upper lip; but
Marguerite remarked it. Moreover, she knew the Count well--his vast
ambition, his supercilious pride; she had caught the inflection of
his tone when he spoke to Dumiger, and she knew that when he affected
that winning, cajoling manner, he was always the most dangerous, and
most to be suspected. So her only answer or acknowledgment was a
low courtesy, and the blood mantled in her cheek, but whether from
gratitude or some sterner feeling the Count was unable to divine.

He looked at her for some time under his long gray eyelash; Marguerite
met the look calmly and composedly. Dumiger was bustling about quite
in an ecstacy of delight, and for the time entirely forgot the clock
and the Dom. Not so the Count, he was curiously scanning all the
various parts of the complicated machinery which were lying round him.
He waited until Marguerite should retire before he judged it right
to commence speaking to Dumiger on the subject that was next his
heart, but Marguerite did not seem at all disposed to give him the

Woman's prescience of danger for those she loves is wonderful. Without
being able to assign any definite reason, Marguerite felt that the
man's presence boded her no good; and it was therefore with a troubled
spirit that she heard the Count, after looking several times at his
watch, suggest that he wished to speak to Dumiger alone.

Dumiger looked at Marguerite, who thought it wiser at once to take the
hint than to allow the Count to suppose that she at all questioned the
sincerity of the kind interest which he affected to take in her. He
waited until the door was fairly closed, and then drew his chair near
to Dumiger's. The latter, quite unaccustomed to the neighborhood of
so great a man, immediately withdrew his seat to a more deferential
distance; but the dimensions of the room speedily put a stop to the
retrogression and his modesty by arresting his chair.

"Don't be afraid," said the Count to Dumiger, in a somewhat harsher
tone than he had yet used, for he was an impatient and testy old
man. "Don't draw your chair back in that way. I wish to speak to you
privately and confidentially."

Dumiger held his breath. What could the Grand Master of the Teutonic
Knights have to say to him? for, whatever might be his future
greatness, at all events its promise could be known but to few others.

"You were out last night," continued the Count. "You went to a
wine-shop--you spoke loudly--you drank deeply."

As the Count continued Dumiger's cheeks glowed. The Count must have
heard all that he said. His heart sank within him as he recalled his
weakness; but his mind was soon settled on that point by the Count.

"And when you spoke," continued he, you talked very wildly of becoming
a great man; of obtaining more enduring fame than any of our noblest
citizens. By the bye, you did me the honor to class me amongst those
you were destined to triumph over."

"It was a wild, idle thought," said Dumiger, faltering forth a
thousand apologies. "I did not know what I said. Two friends led me
into this error. I am sure you will forgive me, sir: I was excited;
my brain was in that state I really did not know what I said. Who ever
could have repeated this to your Excellency?"

"No one repeated it." said the Count, "so you need not entertain any
mistrust of your friends. One of my household overheard you; and his
ear having caught the sound of my name, he listened attentively, that
is all. But what does it signify? You did just as all young men--ay,
and the best of our young men, do--drank deep of the Rhenish. I like
you the better for it. And then, by all accounts, you had some cause
for excitement, for you believe you are to win the greatest prize that
Dantzic has ever proposed for one of her citizens."

The scene of the last night passed from Dumiger's memory when the
hope of fame and the prospect of success were mentioned. His whole

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