Full Text Archive logoFull Text Archive — Free Classic E-books

Howards End by E. M. Forster

Part 8 out of 8

Adobe PDF icon
Download this document as a .pdf
File size: 0.8 MB
What's this? light bulb idea Many people prefer to read off-line or to print out text and read from the real printed page. Others want to carry documents around with them on their mobile phones and read while they are on the move. We have created .pdf files of all out documents to accommodate all these groups of people. We recommend that you download .pdfs onto your mobile phone when it is connected to a WiFi connection for reading off-line.

tissues with the poisoned. It is a knife that probes far
deeper than the evil. Leonard was driven straight through
its torments and emerged pure, but enfeebled--a better man,
who would never lose control of himself again, but also a
smaller, who had less to control. Nor did purity mean
peace. The use of the knife can become a habit as hard to
shake off as passion itself, and Leonard continued to start
with a cry out of dreams.

He built up a situation that was far enough from the
truth. It never occurred to him that Helen was to blame.
He forgot the intensity of their talk, the charm that had
been lent him by sincerity, the magic of Oniton under
darkness and of the whispering river. Helen loved the
absolute. Leonard had been ruined absolutely, and had
appeared to her as a man apart, isolated from the world. A
real man, who cared for adventure and beauty, who desired to
live decently and pay his way, who could have travelled more
gloriously through life than the Juggernaut car that was
crushing him. Memories of Evie's wedding had warped her,
the starched servants, the yards of uneaten food, the rustle
of overdressed women, motor-cars oozing grease on the
gravel, rubbish on a pretentious band. She had tasted the
lees of this on her arrival: in the darkness, after failure,
they intoxicated her. She and the victim seemed alone in a
world of unreality, and she loved him absolutely, perhaps
for half an hour.

In the morning she was gone. The note that she left,
tender and hysterical in tone, and intended to be most kind,
hurt her lover terribly. It was as if some work of art had
been broken by him, some picture in the National Gallery
slashed out of its frame. When he recalled her talents and
her social position, he felt that the first passerby had a
right to shoot him down. He was afraid of the waitress and
the porters at the railway-station. He was afraid at first
of his wife, though later he was to regard her with a
strange new tenderness, and to think, "There is nothing to
choose between us, after all."

The expedition to Shropshire crippled the Basts
permanently. Helen in her flight forgot to settle the hotel
bill, and took their return tickets away with her; they had
to pawn Jacky's bangles to get home, and the smash came a
few days afterwards. It is true that Helen offered him five
thousands pounds, but such a sum meant nothing to him. He
could not see that the girl was desperately righting
herself, and trying to save something out of the disaster,
if it was only five thousand pounds. But he had to live
somehow. He turned to his family, and degraded himself to a
professional beggar. There was nothing else for him to do.

"A letter from Leonard," thought Blanche, his sister;
"and after all this time." She hid it, so that her husband
should not see, and when he had gone to his work read it
with some emotion, and sent the prodigal a little money out
of her dress allowance.

"A letter from Leonard!" said the other sister, Laura, a
few days later. She showed it to her husband. He wrote a
cruel insolent reply, but sent more money than Blanche, so
Leonard soon wrote to him again.

And during the winter the system was developed. Leonard
realized that they need never starve, because it would be
too painful for his relatives. Society is based on the
family, and the clever wastrel can exploit this
indefinitely. Without a generous thought on either side,
pounds and pounds passed. The donors disliked Leonard, and
he grew to hate them intensely. When Laura censured his
immoral marriage, he thought bitterly, "She minds that!
What would she say if she knew the truth?" When Blanche's
husband offered him work, he found some pretext for avoiding
it. He had wanted work keenly at Oniton, but too much
anxiety had shattered him; he was joining the unemployable.
When his brother, the lay-reader, did not reply to a letter,
he wrote again, saying that he and Jacky would come down to
his village on foot. He did not intend this as blackmail.
Still, the brother sent a postal order, and it became part
of the system. And so passed his winter and his spring.

In the horror there are two bright spots. He never
confused the past. He remained alive, and blessed are those
who live, if it is only to a sense of sinfulness. The
anodyne of muddledom, by which most men blur and blend their
mistakes, never passed Leonard's lips--

And if I drink oblivion of a day,
So shorten I the stature of my soul.

It is a hard saying, and a hard man wrote it, but it
lies at the foot of all character.

And the other bright spot was his tenderness for Jacky.
He pitied her with nobility now--not the contemptuous pity
of a man who sticks to a woman through thick and thin. He
tried to be less irritable. He wondered what her hungry
eyes desired--nothing that she could express, or that he or
any man could give her. Would she ever receive the justice
that is mercy--the justice for by-products that the world is
too busy to bestow? She was fond of flowers, generous with
money, and not revengeful. If she had borne him a child he
might have cared for her. Unmarried, Leonard would never
have begged; he would have flickered out and died. But the
whole of life is mixed. He had to provide for Jacky, and
went down dirty paths that she might have a few feathers and
dishes of food that suited her.

One day he caught sight of Margaret and her brother. He
was in St. Paul's. He had entered the cathedral partly to
avoid the rain and partly to see a picture that had educated
him in former years. But the light was bad, the picture ill
placed, and Time and Judgment were inside him now. Death
alone still charmed him, with her lap of poppies, on which
all men shall sleep. He took one glance, and turned
aimlessly away towards a chair. Then down the nave he saw
Miss Schlegel and her brother. They stood in the fairway of
passengers, and their faces were extremely grave. He was
perfectly certain that they were in trouble about their sister.

Once outside--and he fled immediately--he wished that he
had spoken to them. What was his life? What were a few
angry words, or even imprisonment? He had done wrong--that
was the true terror. Whatever they might know, he would
tell them everything he knew. He re-entered St. Paul's.
But they had moved in his absence, and had gone to lay their
difficulties before Mr. Wilcox and Charles.

The sight of Margaret turned remorse into new channels.
He desired to confess, and though the desire is proof of a
weakened nature, which is about to lose the essence of human
intercourse, it did not take an ignoble form. He did not
suppose that confession would bring him happiness. It was
rather that he yearned to get clear of the tangle. So does
the suicide yearn. The impulses are akin, and the crime of
suicide lies rather in its disregard for the feelings of
those whom we leave behind. Confession need harm no one--it
can satisfy that test--and though it was un-English, and
ignored by our Anglican cathedral, Leonard had a right to
decide upon it.

Moreover, he trusted Margaret. He wanted her hardness
now. That cold, intellectual nature of hers would be just,
if unkind. He would do whatever she told him, even if he
had to see Helen. That was the supreme punishment she would
exact. And perhaps she would tell him how Helen was. That
was the supreme reward.

He knew nothing about Margaret, not even whether she was
married to Mr. Wilcox, and tracking her out took several
days. That evening he toiled through the wet to Wickham
Place, where the new flats were now appearing. Was he also
the cause of their move? Were they expelled from society on
his account? Thence to a public library, but could find no
satisfactory Schlegel in the directory. On the morrow he
searched again. He hung about outside Mr. Wilcox's office
at lunch time, and, as the clerks came out said: "Excuse me,
sir, but is your boss married?" Most of them stared, some
said, "What's that to you?" but one, who had not yet
acquired reticence, told him what he wished. Leonard could
not learn the private address. That necessitated more
trouble with directories and tubes. Ducie Street was not
discovered till the Monday, the day that Margaret and her
husband went down on their hunting expedition to Howards End.

He called at about four o'clock. The weather had
changed, and the sun shone gaily on the ornamental
steps--black and white marble in triangles. Leonard lowered
his eyes to them after ringing the bell. He felt in curious
health: doors seemed to be opening and shutting inside his
body, and he had been obliged to steep sitting up in bed,
with his back propped against the wall. When the
parlourmaid came he could not see her face; the brown rain
had descended suddenly.

"Does Mrs. Wilcox live here?" he asked.

"She's out," was the answer.

"When will she be back?"

"I'll ask," said the parlourmaid.

Margaret had given instructions that no one who
mentioned her name should ever be rebuffed. Putting the
door on the chain--for Leonard's appearance demanded
this--she went through to the smoking-room, which was
occupied by Tibby. Tibby was asleep. He had had a good
lunch. Charles Wilcox had not yet rung him up for the
distracting interview. He said drowsily: "I don't know.
Hilton. Howards End. Who is it?"

"I'll ask, sir."

"No, don't bother."

"They have taken the car to Howards End," said the
parlourmaid to Leonard.

He thanked her, and asked whereabouts that place was.

"You appear to want to know a good deal," she remarked.
But Margaret had forbidden her to be mysterious. She told
him against her better judgment that Howards End was in

"Is it a village, please?"

"Village! It's Mr. Wilcox's private house--at least,
it's one of them. Mrs. Wilcox keeps her furniture there.
Hilton is the village."

"Yes. And when will they be back?"

"Mr. Schlegel doesn't know. We can't know everything,
can we?" She shut him out, and went to attend to the
telephone, which was ringing furiously.

He loitered away another night of agony. Confession
grew more difficult. As soon as possible he went to bed.
He watched a patch of moonlight cross the floor of their
lodging, and, as sometimes happens when the mind is
overtaxed, he fell asleep for the rest of the room, but kept
awake for the patch of moonlight. Horrible! Then began one
of those disintegrating dialogues. Part of him said: "Why
horrible? It's ordinary light from the room." "But it
moves." "So does the moon." "But it is a clenched fist."
"Why not?" "But it is going to touch me." "Let it." And,
seeming to gather motion, the patch ran up his blanket.
Presently a blue snake appeared; then another, parallel to
it. "Is there life in the moon?" "Of course." "But I
thought it was uninhabited." "Not by Time, Death, Judgment,
and the smaller snakes." "Smaller snakes!" said Leonard
indignantly and aloud. "What a notion!" By a rending
effort of the will he woke the rest of the room up. Jacky,
the bed, their food, their clothes on the chair, gradually
entered his consciousness, and the horror vanished outwards,
like a ring that is spreading through water.

"I say, Jacky, I'm going out for a bit."

She was breathing regularly. The patch of light fell
clear of the striped blanket, and began to cover the shawl
that lay over her feet. Why had he been afraid? He went to
the window, and saw that the moon was descending through a
clear sky. He saw her volcanoes, and the bright expanses
that a gracious error has named seas. They paled, for the
sun, who had lit them up, was coming to light the earth.
Sea of Serenity, Sea of Tranquillity, Ocean of the Lunar
Storms, merged into one lucent drop, itself to slip into the
sempiternal dawn. And he had been afraid of the moon!

He dressed among the contending lights, and went through
his money. It was running low again, but enough for a
return ticket to Hilton. As it clinked Jacky opened her eyes.

"Hullo, Len! What ho, Len!"

"What ho, Jacky! see you again later."

She turned over and slept.

The house was unlocked, their landlord being a salesman
at Convent Garden. Leonard passed out and made his way down
to the station. The train, though it did not start for an
hour, was already drawn up at the end of the platform, and
he lay down in it and slept. With the first jolt he was in
daylight; they had left the gateways of King's Cross, and
were under blue sky. Tunnels followed, and after each the
sky grew bluer, and from the embankment at Finsbury Park he
had his first sight of the sun. It rolled along behind the
eastern smokes--a wheel, whose fellow was the descending
moon--and as yet it seemed the servant of the blue sky, not
its lord. He dozed again. Over Tewin Water it was day. To
the left fell the shadow of the embankment and its arches;
to the right Leonard saw up into the Tewin Woods and towards
the church, with its wild legend of immortality. Six forest
trees--that is a fact--grow out of one of the graves in
Tewin churchyard. The grave's occupant--that is the
legend--is an atheist, who declared that if God existed, six
forest trees would grow out of her grave. These things in
Hertfordshire; and farther afield lay the house of a
hermit--Mrs. Wilcox had known him--who barred himself up,
and wrote prophecies, and gave all he had to the poor.
While, powdered in between, were the villas of business men,
who saw life more steadily, though with the steadiness of
the half-closed eye. Over all the sun was streaming, to all
the birds were singing, to all the primroses were yellow,
and the speedwell blue, and the country, however they
interpreted her, was uttering her cry of "now." She did not
free Leonard yet, and the knife plunged deeper into his
heart as the train drew up at Hilton. But remorse had
become beautiful.

Hilton was asleep, or at the earliest, breakfasting.
Leonard noticed the contrast when he stepped out of it into
the country. Here men had been up since dawn. Their hours
were ruled, not by a London office, but by the movements of
the crops and the sun. That they were men of the finest
type only the sentimentalist can declare. But they kept to
the life of daylight. They are England's hope. Clumsily
they carry forward the torch of the sun, until such time as
the nation sees fit to take it up. Half clodhopper, half
board-school prig, they can still throw back to a nobler
stock, and breed yeomen.

At the chalk pit a motor passed him. In it was another
type, whom Nature favours--the Imperial. Healthy, ever in
motion, it hopes to inherit the earth. It breeds as quickly
as the yeoman, and as soundly; strong is the temptation to
acclaim it as a super-yeoman, who carries his country's
virtue overseas. But the Imperialist is not what he thinks
or seems. He is a destroyer. He prepares the way for
cosmopolitanism, and though his ambitions may be fulfilled,
the earth that he inherits will be grey.

To Leonard, intent on his private sin, there came the
conviction of innate goodness elsewhere. It was not the
optimism which he had been taught at school. Again and
again must the drums tap, and the goblins stalk over the
universe before joy can be purged of the superficial. It
was rather paradoxical, and arose from his sorrow. Death
destroys a man, but the idea of death saves him--that is the
best account of it that has yet been given. Squalor and
tragedy can beckon to all that is great in us, and
strengthen the wings of love. They can beckon; it is not
certain that they will, for they are not love's servants.
But they can beckon, and the knowledge of this incredible
truth comforted him.

As he approached the house all thought stopped.
Contradictory notions stood side by side in his mind. He
was terrified but happy, ashamed, but had done no sin. He
knew the confession: "Mrs. Wilcox, I have done wrong," but
sunrise had robbed its meaning, and he felt rather on a
supreme adventure.

He entered a garden, steadied himself against a
motor-car that he found in it, found a door open and entered
a house. Yes, it would be very easy. From a room to the
left he heard voices, Margaret's amongst them. His own name
was called aloud, and a man whom he had never seen said,
"Oh, is he there? I am not surprised. I now thrash him
within an inch of his life."

"Mrs. Wilcox," said Leonard, "I have done wrong."

The man took him by the collar and cried, "Bring me a
stick." Women were screaming. A stick, very bright,
descended. It hurt him, not where it descended, but in the
heart. Books fell over him in a shower. Nothing had sense.

"Get some water," commanded Charles, who had all through
kept very calm. "He's shamming. Of course I only used the
blade. Here, carry him out into the air."

Thinking that he understood these things, Margaret
obeyed him. They laid Leonard, who was dead, on the gravel;
Helen poured water over him.

"That's enough," said Charles.

"Yes, murder's enough," said Miss Avery, coming out of
the house with the sword.

Chapter 42

When Charles left Ducie Street he had caught the first train
home, but had no inkling of the newest development until
late at night. Then his father, who had dined alone, sent
for him, and in very grave tones inquired for Margaret.

"I don't know where she is, pater," said Charles.
"Dolly kept back dinner nearly an hour for her."

"Tell me when she comes in--."

Another hour passed. The servants went to bed, and
Charles visited his father again, to receive further
instructions. Mrs. Wilcox had still not returned.

"I'll sit up for her as late as you like, but she can
hardly be coming. Isn't she stopping with her sister at the

"Perhaps," said Mr. Wilcox thoughtfully--"perhaps."

"Can I do anything for you, sir?"

"Not tonight, my boy."

Mr. Wilcox liked being called sir. He raised his eyes
and gave his son more open a look of tenderness than he
usually ventured. He saw Charles as little boy and strong
man in one. Though his wife had proved unstable his
children were left to him.

After midnight he tapped on Charles's door. "I can't
sleep," he said. "I had better have a talk with you and get
it over."

He complained of the heat. Charles took him out into
the garden, and they paced up and down in their
dressing-gowns. Charles became very quiet as the story
unrolled; he had known all along that Margaret was as bad as
her sister.

"She will feel differently in the morning," said Mr.
Wilcox, who had of course said nothing about Mrs. Bast.
"But I cannot let this kind of thing continue without
comment. I am morally certain that she is with her sister
at Howards End. The house is mine--and, Charles, it will be
yours--and when I say that no one is to live there, I mean
that no one is to live there. I won't have it." He looked
angrily at the moon. "To my mind this question is connected
with something far greater, the rights of property itself."

"Undoubtedly," said Charles.

Mr. Wilcox linked his arm in his son's, but somehow
liked him less as he told him more. "I don't want you to
conclude that my wife and I had anything of the nature of a
quarrel. She was only over-wrought, as who would not be? I
shall do what I can for Helen, but on the understanding that
they clear out of the house at once. Do you see? That is a
sine qua non."

"Then at eight tomorrow I may go up in the car?"

"Eight or earlier. Say that you are acting as my
representative, and, of course, use no violence, Charles."

On the morrow, as Charles returned, leaving Leonard dead
upon the gravel, it did not seem to him that he had used
violence. Death was due to heart disease. His stepmother
herself had said so, and even Miss Avery had acknowledged
that he only used the flat of the sword. On his way through
the village he informed the police, who thanked him, and
said there must be an inquest. He found his father in the
garden shading his eyes from the sun.

"It has been pretty horrible," said Charles gravely.
"They were there, and they had the man up there with them too."

"What--what man?"

"I told you last night. His name was Bast."

"My God, is it possible?" said Mr. Wilcox. "In your
mother's house! Charles, in your mother's house!"

"I know, pater. That was what I felt. As a matter of
fact, there is no need to trouble about the man. He was in
the last stages of heart disease, and just before I could
show him what I thought of him he went off. The police are
seeing about it at this moment."

Mr. Wilcox listened attentively.

"I got up there--oh, it couldn't have been more than
half-past seven. The Avery woman was lighting a fire for
them. They were still upstairs. I waited in the
drawing-room. We were all moderately civil and collected,
though I had my suspicions. I gave them your message, and
Mrs. Wilcox said, 'Oh yes, I see; yes,' in that way of hers."

"Nothing else?"

"I promised to tell you, 'with her love,' that she was
going to Germany with her sister this evening. That was all
we had time for."

Mr. Wilcox seemed relieved.

"Because by then I suppose the man got tired of hiding,
for suddenly Mrs. Wilcox screamed out his name. I
recognized it, and I went for him in the hall. Was I right,
pater? I thought things were going a little too far."

"Right, my dear boy? I don't know. But you would have
been no son of mine if you hadn't. Then did he
just--just--crumple up as you said?" He shrunk from the
simple word.

"He caught hold of the bookcase, which came down over
him. So I merely put the sword down and carried him into
the garden. We all thought he was shamming. However, he's
dead right enough. Awful business!"

"Sword?" cried his father, with anxiety in his voice.
"What sword? Whose sword?"

"A sword of theirs."

"What were you doing with it?"

"Well, didn't you see, pater, I had to snatch up the
first thing handy I hadn't a riding-whip or stick. I caught
him once or twice over the shoulders with the flat of their
old German sword."

"Then what?"

"He pulled over the bookcase, as I said, and fell," said
Charles, with a sigh. It was no fun doing errands for his
father, who was never quite satisfied.

"But the real cause was heart disease? Of that you're sure?"

"That or a fit. However, we shall hear more than enough
at the inquest on such unsavoury topics."

They went into breakfast. Charles had a racking
headache, consequent on motoring before food. He was also
anxious about the future, reflecting that the police must
detain Helen and Margaret for the inquest and ferret the
whole thing out. He saw himself obliged to leave Hilton.
One could not afford to live near the scene of a scandal--it
was not fair on one's wife. His comfort was that the
pater's eyes were opened at last. There would be a horrible
smash up, and probably a separation from Margaret; then they
would all start again, more as they had been in his mother's

"I think I'll go round to the police-station," said his
father when breakfast was over.

"What for?" cried Dolly, who had still not been "told."

"Very well, sir. Which car will you have?"

"I think I'll walk."

"It's a good half-mile," said Charles, stepping into the
garden. "The sun's very hot for April. Shan't I take you
up, and then, perhaps, a little spin round by Tewin?"

"You go on as if I didn't know my own mind," said Mr.
Wilcox fretfully. Charles hardened his mouth. "You young
fellows' one idea is to get into a motor. I tell you, I
want to walk: I'm very fond of walking."

"Oh, all right; I'm about the house if you want me for
anything. I thought of not going up to the office today, if
that is your wish."

"It is, indeed, my boy," said Mr. Wilcox, and laid a
hand on his sleeve.

Charles did not like it; he was uneasy about his father,
who did not seem himself this morning. There was a petulant
touch about him--more like a woman. Could it be that he was
growing old? The Wilcoxes were not lacking in affection;
they had it royally, but they did not know how to use it.
It was the talent in the napkin, and, for a warm-hearted
man, Charles had conveyed very little joy. As he watched
his father shuffling up the road, he had a vague regret--a
wish that something had been different somewhere--a wish
(though he did not express it thus) that he had been taught
to say "I" in his youth. He meant to make up for Margaret's
defection, but knew that his father had been very happy with
her until yesterday. How had she done it? By some
dishonest trick, no doubt--but how?

Mr. Wilcox reappeared at eleven, looking very tired.
There was to be an inquest on Leonard's' body tomorrow, and
the police required his son to attend.

"I expected that," said Charles. "I shall naturally be
the most important witness there."

Chapter 43

Out of the turmoil and horror that had begun with Aunt
Juley's illness and was not even to end with Leonard's
death, it seemed impossible to Margaret that healthy life
should re-emerge. Events succeeded in a logical, yet
senseless, train. People lost their humanity, and took
values as arbitrary as those in a pack of playing-cards. It
was natural that Henry should do this and cause Helen to do
that, and then think her wrong for doing it; natural that
she herself should think him wrong; natural that Leonard
should want to know how Helen was, and come, and Charles be
angry with him for coming--natural, but unreal. In this
jangle of causes and effects what had become of their true
selves? Here Leonard lay dead in the garden, from natural
causes; yet life was a deep, deep river, death a blue sky,
life was a house, death a wisp of hay, a flower, a tower,
life and death were anything and everything, except this
ordered insanity, where the king takes the queen, and the
ace the king. Ah, no; there was beauty and adventure
behind, such as the man at her feet had yearned for; there
was hope this side of the grave; there were truer
relationships beyond the limits that fetter us now. As a
prisoner looks up and sees stars beckoning, so she, from the
turmoil and horror of those days, caught glimpses of the
diviner wheels.

And Helen, dumb with fright, but trying to keep calm for
the child's sake, and Miss Avery, calm, but murmuring
tenderly, "No one ever told the lad he'll have a
child"--they also reminded her that horror is not the end.
To what ultimate harmony we tend she did not know, but there
seemed great chance that a child would be born into the
world, to take the great chances of beauty and adventure
that the world offers. She moved through the sunlit garden,
gathering narcissi, crimson-eyed and white. There was
nothing else to be done; the time for telegrams and anger
was over, and it seemed wisest that the hands of Leonard
should be folded on his breast and be filled with flowers.
Here was the father; leave it at that. Let Squalor be
turned into Tragedy, whose eyes are the stars, and whose
hands hold the sunset and the dawn.

And even the influx of officials, even the return of the
doctor, vulgar and acute, could not shake her belief in the
eternity of beauty. Science explained people, but could not
understand them. After long centuries among the bones and
muscles it might be advancing to knowledge of the nerves,
but this would never give understanding. One could open the
heart to Mr. Mansbridge and his sort without discovering its
secrets to them, for they wanted everything down in black
and white, and black and white was exactly what they were
left with.

They questioned her closely about Charles. She never
suspected why. Death had come, and the doctor agreed that
it was due to heart disease. They asked to see her father's
sword. She explained that Charles's anger was natural, but
mistaken. Miserable questions about Leonard followed, all
of which she answered unfalteringly. Then back to Charles
again. "No doubt Mr. Wilcox may have induced death," she
said; "but if it wasn't one thing it would have been
another, as you yourselves know." At last they thanked her,
and took the sword and the body down to Hilton. She began
to pick up the books from the floor.

Helen had gone to the farm. It was the best place for
her, since she had to wait for the inquest. Though, as if
things were not hard enough, Madge and her husband had
raised trouble; they did not see why they should receive the
offscourings of Howards End. And, of course, they were
right. The whole world was going to be right, and amply
avenge any brave talk against the conventions. "Nothing
matters," the Schlegels had said in the past, "except one's
self-respect and that of one's friends." When the time came,
other things mattered terribly. However, Madge had yielded,
and Helen was assured of peace for one day and night, and
tomorrow she would return to Germany.

As for herself, she determined to go too. No message
came from Henry; perhaps he expected her to apologize. Now
that she had time to think over her own tragedy, she was
unrepentant. She neither forgave him for his behaviour nor
wished to forgive him. Her speech to him seemed perfect.
She would not have altered a word. It had to be uttered
once in a life, to adjust the lopsidedness of the world. It
was spoken not only to her husband, but to thousands of men
like him--a protest against the inner darkness in high
places that comes with a commercial age. Though he would
build up his life without hers, she could not apologize. He
had refused to connect, on the clearest issue that can be
laid before a man, and their love must take the consequences.

No, there was nothing more to be done. They had tried
not to go over the precipice but perhaps the fall was
inevitable. And it comforted her to think that the future
was certainly inevitable: cause and effect would go jangling
forward to some goal doubtless, but to none that she could
imagine. At such moments the soul retires within, to float
upon the bosom of a deeper stream, and has communion with
the dead, and sees the world's glory not diminished, but
different in kind to what she has supposed. She alters her
focus until trivial things are blurred. Margaret had been
tending this way all the winter. Leonard's death brought
her to the goal. Alas! that Henry should fade, away as
reality emerged, and only her love for him should remain
clear, stamped with his image like the cameos we rescue out
of dreams.

With unfaltering eye she traced his future. He would
soon present a healthy mind to the world again, and what did
he or the world care if he was rotten at the core? He would
grow into a rich, jolly old man, at times a little
sentimental about women, but emptying his glass with
anyone. Tenacious of power, he would keep Charles and the
rest dependent, and retire from business reluctantly and at
an advanced age. He would settle down--though she could not
realize this. In her eyes Henry was always moving and
causing others to move, until the ends of the earth met.
But in time he must get too tired to move, and settle down.
What next? The inevitable word. The release of the soul to
its appropriate Heaven.

Would they meet in it? Margaret believed in immortality
for herself. An eternal future had always seemed natural to
her. And Henry believed in it for himself. Yet, would they
meet again? Are there not rather endless levels beyond the
grave, as the theory that he had censured teaches? And his
level, whether higher or lower, could it possibly be the
same as hers?

Thus gravely meditating, she was summoned by him. He
sent up Crane in the motor. Other servants passed like
water, but the chauffeur remained, though impertinent and
disloyal. Margaret disliked Crane, and he knew it.

"Is it the keys that Mr. Wilcox wants?" she asked.

"He didn't say, madam."

"You haven't any note for me?"

"He didn't say, madam."

After a moment's thought she locked up Howards End. It
was pitiable to see in it the stirrings of warmth that would
be quenched for ever. She raked out the fire that was
blazing in the kitchen, and spread the coals in the
gravelled yard. She closed the windows and drew the
curtains. Henry would probably sell the place now.

She was determined not to spare him, for nothing new had
happened as far as they were concerned. Her mood might
never have altered from yesterday evening. He was standing
a little outside Charles's gate, and motioned the car to
stop. When his wife got out he said hoarsely: "I prefer to
discuss things with you outside."

"It will be more appropriate in the road, I am afraid,"
said Margaret. "Did you get my message?"

"What about?"

"I am going to Germany with my sister. I must tell you
now that I shall make it my permanent home. Our talk last
night was more important than you have realized. I am
unable to forgive you and am leaving you."

"I am extremely tired," said Henry, in injured tones.
"I have been walking about all the morning, and wish to sit down."

"Certainly, if you will consent to sit on the grass."

The Great North Road should have been bordered all its
length with glebe. Henry's kind had filched most of it.
She moved to the scrap opposite, wherein were the Six
Hills. They sat down on the farther side, so that they
could not be seen by Charles or Dolly.

"Here are your keys," said Margaret. She tossed them
towards him. They fell on the sunlit slope of grass, and he
did not pick them up.

"I have something to tell you," he said gently.

She knew this superficial gentleness, this confession of
hastiness, that was only intended to enhance her admiration
of the male.

"I don't want to hear it," she replied. "My sister is
going to be ill. My life is going to be with her now. We
must manage to build up something, she and I and her child."

"Where are you going?"

"Munich. We start after the inquest, if she is not too ill."

"After the inquest?"


"Have you realized what the verdict at the inquest will be?"

"Yes, heart disease."

"No, my dear; manslaughter."

Margaret drove her fingers through the grass. The hill
beneath her moved as if it was alive.

"Manslaughter," repeated Mr. Wilcox. "Charles may go to
prison. I dare not tell him. I don't know what to do--what
to do. I'm broken--I'm ended. "

No sudden warmth arose in her. She did not see that to
break him was her only hope. She did not enfold the
sufferer in her arms. But all through that day and the next
a new life began to move. The verdict was brought in.
Charles was committed for trial. It was against all reason
that he should be punished, but the law, being made in his
image, sentenced him to three years' imprisonment. Then
Henry's fortress gave way. He could bear no one but his
wife, he shambled up to Margaret afterwards and asked her to
do what she could with him. She did what seemed
easiest--she took him down to recruit at Howards End.

Chapter 44

Tom's father was cutting the big meadow. He passed again
and again amid whirring blades and sweet odours of grass,
encompassing with narrowing circles the sacred centre of the
field. Tom was negotiating with Helen.

"I haven't any idea," she replied. "Do you suppose baby
may, Meg?"

Margaret put down her work and regarded them absently.
"What was that?" she asked.

"Tom wants to know whether baby is old enough to play
with hay?"

"I haven't the least notion," answered Margaret, and
took up her work again.

"Now, Tom, baby is not to stand; he is not to lie on his
face; he is not to lie so that his head wags; he is not to
be teased or tickled; and he is not to be cut into two or
more pieces by the cutter. Will you be as careful as all that?"

Tom held out his arms.

"That child is a wonderful nursemaid," remarked Margaret.

"He is fond of baby. That's why he does it!" was
Helen's answer. They're going to be lifelong friends."

"Starting at the ages of six and one?"

"Of course. It will be a great thing for Tom."

"It may be a greater thing for baby."

Fourteen months had passed, but Margaret still stopped
at Howards End. No better plan had occurred to her. The
meadow was being recut, the great red poppies were reopening
in the garden. July would follow with the little red
poppies among the wheat, August with the cutting of the
wheat. These little events would become part of her year
after year. Every summer she would fear lest the well
should give out, every winter lest the pipes should freeze;
every westerly gale might blow the wych-elm down and bring
the end of all things, and so she could not read or talk
during a westerly gale. The air was tranquil now. She and
her sister were sitting on the remains of Evie's mockery,
where the lawn merged into the field.

"What a time they all are!" said Helen. "What can they
be doing inside?" Margaret, who was growing less talkative,
made no answer. The noise of the cutter came
intermittently, like the breaking of waves. Close by them a
man was preparing to scythe out one of the dell-holes.

"I wish Henry was out to enjoy this," said Helen. "This
lovely weather and to be shut up in the house! It's very hard."

"It has to be," said Margaret. "The hay-fever is his
chief objection against living here, but he thinks it worth while."

"Meg, is or isn't he ill? I can't make out."

"Not ill. Eternally tired. He has worked very hard all
his life, and noticed nothing. Those are the people who
collapse when they do notice a thing."

"I suppose he worries dreadfully about his part of the tangle."

"Dreadfully. That is why I wish Dolly had not come,
too, today. Still, he wanted them all to come. It has to be."

"Why does he want them?"

Margaret did not answer.

"Meg, may I tell you something? I like Henry."

"You'd be odd if you didn't," said Margaret.

"I usen't to."

"Usen't!" She lowered her eyes a moment to the black
abyss of the past. They had crossed it, always excepting
Leonard and Charles. They were building up a new life,
obscure, yet gilded with tranquillity. Leonard was dead;
Charles had two years more in prison. One usen't always to
see clearly before that time. It was different now.

"I like Henry because he does worry."

"And he likes you because you don't."

Helen sighed. She seemed humiliated, and buried her
face in her hands. After a time she said: "Above love," a
transition less abrupt than it appeared.

Margaret never stopped working.

"I mean a woman's love for a man. I supposed I should
hang my life on to that once, and was driven up and down and
about as if something was worrying through me. But
everything is peaceful now; I seem cured. That Herr
Forstmeister, whom Frieda keeps writing about, must be a
noble character, but he doesn't see that I shall never marry
him or anyone. It isn't shame or mistrust of myself. I
simply couldn't. I'm ended. I used to be so dreamy about a
man's love as a girl, and think that for good or evil love
must be the great thing. But it hasn't been; it has been
itself a dream. Do you agree?"

"I do not agree. I do not."

"I ought to remember Leonard as my lover," said Helen,
stepping down into the field. "I tempted him, and killed
him and it is surely the least I can do. I would like to
throw out all my heart to Leonard on such an afternoon as
this. But I cannot. It is no good pretending. I am
forgetting him." Her eyes filled with tears. "How nothing
seems to match--how, my darling, my precious--" She broke
off. "Tommy!"

"Yes, please?"

"Baby's not to try and stand.--There's something wanting
in me. I see you loving Henry, and understanding him better
daily, and I know that death wouldn't part you in the
least. But I--Is it some awful appalling, criminal defect?"

Margaret silenced her. She said: "It is only that
people are far more different than is pretended. All over
the world men and women are worrying because they cannot
develop as they are supposed to develop. Here and there
they have the matter out, and it comforts them. Don't fret
yourself, Helen. Develop what you have; love your child. I
do not love children. I am thankful to have none. I can
play with their beauty and charm, but that is all--nothing
real, not one scrap of what there ought to be. And
others--others go farther still, and move outside humanity
altogether. A place, as well as a person, may catch the
glow. Don't you see that all this leads to comfort in the
end? It is part of the battle against sameness.
Differences--eternal differences, planted by God in a single
family, so that there may always be colour; sorrow perhaps,
but colour in the daily grey. Then I can't have you
worrying about Leonard. Don't drag in the personal when it
will not come. Forget him."

"Yes, yes, but what has Leonard got out of life?"

"Perhaps an adventure."

"Is that enough?"

"Not for us. But for him."

Helen took up a bunch of grass. She looked at the
sorrel, and the red and white and yellow clover, and the
quaker grass, and the daisies, and the bents that composed
it. She raised it to her face.

"Is it sweetening yet?" asked Margaret.

"No, only withered."

"It will sweeten tomorrow."

Helen smiled. "Oh, Meg, you are a person," she said.
"Think of the racket and torture this time last year. But
now I couldn't stop unhappy if I tried. What a change--and
all through you!"

"Oh, we merely settled down. You and Henry learnt to
understand one another and to forgive, all through the
autumn and the winter."

"Yes, but who settled us down?"

Margaret did not reply. The scything had begun, and she
took off her pince-nez to watch it.

"You!" cried Helen. "You did it all, sweetest, though
you're too stupid to see. Living here was your plan--I
wanted you; he wanted you; and every one said it was
impossible, but you knew. Just think of our lives without
you, Meg--I and baby with Monica, revolting by theory, he
handed about from Dolly to Evie. But you picked up the
pieces, and made us a home. Can't it strike you--even for a
moment--that your life has been heroic? Can't you remember
the two months after Charles's arrest, when you began to
act, and did all?"

"You were both ill at the time," said Margaret. "I did
the obvious things. I had two invalids to nurse. Here was
a house, ready furnished and empty. It was obvious. I
didn't know myself it would turn into a permanent home. No
doubt I have done a little towards straightening the tangle,
but things that I can't phrase have helped me."

"I hope it will be permanent," said Helen, drifting away
to other thoughts.

"I think so. There are moments when I feel Howards End
peculiarly our own."

"All the same, London's creeping."

She pointed over the meadow--over eight or nine meadows,
but at the end of them was a red rust.

"You see that in Surrey and even Hampshire now," she
continued. "I can see it from the Purbeck Downs. And
London is only part of something else, I'm afraid. Life's
going to be melted down, all over the world."

Margaret knew that her sister spoke truly. Howards End,
Oniton, the Purbeck Downs, the Oderberge, were all
survivals, and the melting-pot was being prepared for them.
Logically, they had no right to be alive. One's hope was in
the weakness of logic. Were they possibly the earth beating

"Because a thing is going strong now, it need not go
strong for ever," she said. "This craze for motion has only
set in during the last hundred years. It may be followed by
a civilization that won't be a movement, because it will
rest on the earth. All the signs are against it now, but I
can't help hoping, and very early in the morning in the
garden I feel that our house is the future as well as the past."

They turned and looked at it. Their own memories
coloured it now, for Helen's child had been born in the
central room of the nine. Then Margaret said, "Oh, take
care--!" for something moved behind the window of the hall,
and the door opened.

"The conclave's breaking at last. I'll go."

It was Paul.

Helen retreated with the children far into the field.
Friendly voices greeted her. Margaret rose, to encounter a
man with a heavy black moustache.

"My father has asked for you," he said with hostility.
She took her work and followed him.

"We have been talking business," he continued, "but I
dare say you knew all about it beforehand."

"Yes, I did."

Clumsy of movement--for he had spent all his life in the
saddle--Paul drove his foot against the paint of the front
door. Mrs. Wilcox gave a little cry of annoyance. She did
not like anything scratched; she stopped in the hall to take
Dolly's boa and gloves out of a vase.

Her husband was lying in a great leather chair in the
dining-room, and by his side, holding his hand rather
ostentatiously, was Evie. Dolly, dressed in purple, sat
near the window. The room was a little dark and airless;
they were obliged to keep it like this until the carting of
the hay. Margaret joined the family without speaking; the
five of them had met already at tea, and she knew quite well
what was going to be said. Averse to wasting her time, she
went on sewing. The clock struck six.

"Is this going to suit every one?" said Henry in a weary
voice. He used the old phrases, but their effect was
unexpected and shadowy. "Because I don't want you all
coming here later on and complaining that I have been unfair."

"It's apparently got to suit us," said Paul.

"I beg your pardon, my boy. You have only to speak, and
I will leave the house to you instead."

Paul frowned ill-temperedly, and began scratching at his
arm. "As I've given up the outdoor life that suited me, and
I have come home to look after the business, it's no good my
settling down here," he said at last. "It's not really the
country, and it's not the town."

"Very well. Does my arrangement suit you, Evie?"

"Of course, Father."

"And you, Dolly?"

Dolly raised her faded little face, which sorrow could
wither but not steady. "Perfectly splendidly," she said.
"I thought Charles wanted it for the boys, but last time I
saw him he said no, because we cannot possibly live in this
part of England again. Charles says we ought to change our
name, but I cannot think what to, for Wilcox just suits
Charles and me, and I can't think of any other name."

There was a general silence. Dolly looked nervously
round, fearing that she had been inappropriate. Paul
continued to scratch his arm.

"Then I leave Howards End to my wife absolutely," said
Henry. "And let every one understand that; and after I am
dead let there be no jealousy and no surprise."

Margaret did not answer. There was something uncanny in
her triumph. She, who had never expected to conquer anyone,
had charged straight through these Wilcoxes and broken up
their lives.

"In consequence, I leave my wife no money," said Henry.
"That is her own wish. All that she would have had will be
divided among you. I am also giving you a great deal in my
lifetime, so that you may be independent of me. That is her
wish, too. She also is giving away a great deal of money.
She intends to diminish her income by half during the next
ten years; she intends when she dies to leave the house to
her--to her nephew, down in the field. Is all that clear?
Does every one understand?"

Paul rose to his feet. He was accustomed to natives,
and a very little shook him out of the Englishman. Feeling
manly and cynical, he said: "Down in the field? Oh, come!
I think we might have had the whole establishment,
piccaninnies included."

Mrs. Cahill whispered: "Don't, Paul. You promised you'd
take care." Feeling a woman of the world, she rose and
prepared to take her leave.

Her father kissed her. "Good-bye, old girl," he said;
"don't you worry about me. "

"Good-bye, Dad."

Then it was Dolly's turn. Anxious to contribute, she
laughed nervously, and said: "Good-bye, Mr. Wilcox. It does
seem curious that Mrs. Wilcox should have left Margaret
Howards End, and yet she get it, after all."

From Evie came a sharply-drawn breath. "Good-bye," she
said to Margaret, and kissed her.

And again and again fell the word, like the ebb of a
dying sea.


"Good-bye, Dolly."

"So long, Father."

"Good-bye, my boy; always take care of yourself."

"Good-bye, Mrs. Wilcox."


Margaret saw their visitors to the gate. Then she
returned to her husband and laid her head in his hands. He
was pitiably tired. But Dolly's remark had interested her.
At last she said: "Could you tell me, Henry, what was that
about Mrs. Wilcox having left me Howards End?"

Tranquilly he replied: "Yes, she did. But that is a
very old story. When she was ill and you were so kind to
her she wanted to make you some return, and, not being
herself at the time, scribbled 'Howards End' on a piece of
paper. I went into it thoroughly, and, as it was clearly
fanciful, I set it aside, little knowing what my Margaret
would be to me in the future."

Margaret was silent. Something shook her life in its
inmost recesses, and she shivered.

"I didn't do wrong, did I?" he asked, bending down.

"You didn't, darling. Nothing has been done wrong."

From the garden came laughter. "Here they are at last!"
exclaimed Henry, disengaging himself with a smile. Helen
rushed into the gloom, holding Tom by one hand and carrying
her baby on the other. There were shouts of infectious joy.

"The field's cut!" Helen cried excitedly--"the big
meadow! We've seen to the very end, and it'll be such a
crop of hay as never!"

Weybridge, 1908-1910.

Book of the day: