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History Of The Mackenzies by Alexander Mackenzie

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Kiltearn; Bessie Innes, spouse of Neil Munro, in Swordale; Margaret
Ross, spouse of John Neil Mac Donald Roy, in Caull; and Margaret
Mowat, as follows:

Mr Hector Munro, now of Fowlis, son-in-law of the said Katherine
Ross, "seeking all ways and means to possess himself in certain
her tierce and conjunct fee lands of the Barony of Fowlis, and
to dispossess her therefrom" had first "persued certain of her
tenants and servants by way of deed for their bodily harm and
slaughter," and then, "finding that he could not prevail that
way, neither by sundry other indirect means sought by him," had at
last, "upon sinister and wrong information and importunate suit,
purchased a commission of the same to his Majesty, and to Colin
Mackenzie of Kintail, Rory Mackenzie, his brother, John Mackenzie of
Gairloch, Alexander Bain of Tulloch, Angus Mackintosh of Termitt,
James Glas of Gask, William Cuthbert, in Inverness, and some others
specially mentioned therein, for apprehending of the said Margaret
Sutherland, Bessy Innes, Margaret Ross, and Margaret Mowat, and
sundry others, and putting them to the knowledge of an assize
for witchcraft, and other forged and feinted crimes alleged to be
committed by them." Further, "the said persons, by virtue of the
same commission, intended to proceed against them most partially
and wilfully, and thereby to drive the said complainers to that
strait that either they shall satisfy his unreasonable desire, or
then to lose their lives, with the sober portion of goods made by
them for the sustenance of themselves and their poor bairns: howbeit
it be of verity that they are honest women of repute and holding
these many years bygone, spotted at no time with any such ungodly
practices, neither any ways having committed any offence, but by all
their actions behaved themselves so discreetly and honestly as none
justly could or can have occasion of complaint - they being ever
ready, like they are yet, to underlie the law for all crimes that
can be laid to their charge," and having to that effect, "presently
found caution for their compearance before the justice and his
deputes, or any judge unsuspected, upon fifteen days' warning."
Their prayer, accordingly, is that the said commission be discharged.
Hector Munro appearing for himself and his colleagues, and the
complainers by Alexander Morrison, their procurator, the Lords
ordain Mr Hector and the other commissioners to desist a from
proceeding against the women, and "remit their trial to be taken
before the Justice-General or his deputes a in the next justice
court appointed to be held after his Majesty's repairing to the north
parts of this realm in the month of July next, at which time, if
his Majesty shall not repair thither, or being repaired shall not
before his returning cause the same trial to be taken, "in that
case commission shall be given to Thomas Fraser of Knocky, tutor
of Lovat, John Urquhart of Cadboll, tutor of Cromarty, and Alexander
Bayne of Tulloch, or any two of them to administer justice conform
to the laws of the realm."

On the 6th of March, 1589-90, Colin is again mentioned as one of
the Commissioners for Inverness and Cromarty for executing the Acts
against the Jesuits and the seminary of priests, with reconstitution
of the Commission of the preceding year for putting the Acts in
force and the appointment of a new Commission of select clergy in
the shires to cooperate in the work and promote submission to the
Confession of Faith and Covenant over the whole Kingdom. On the
8th of June, 1590, officers of arms are ordered to arrest in the
hands of David Clapen in Leith, or any other person, any money
consigned in their hands, or due by them to Sir William Keith for
Colin Mackenzie of Kintail, "or remanent gentlemen and tenants of
the Earldom of Ross for their feus thereof" or that rests yet in
the hands of Colin or such tenants, unpaid or not consigned by
them, and to discharge them from paying the same to Sir William
or any other in his name until the King shall further declare his
will, under the penalty of paying his Majesty the same sums over
again. On the 5th of July in the same year, Colin gives caution
of L2000 that William Ross of Priesthill, when released out of the
tolbooth of Edinburgh, shall keep ward in that city till he find
surety for the entrance of himself and his bastard son, John Ross
and others, to appear before the justice to answer for certain
crimes specified in letters raised against him by David Munro of
Nigg when required upon fifteen days' warning, and satisfy the
Treasurer-depute for his escheat fallen to the King through having
been put to the horn at the instance of the said David Munro. He
repeats the same caution for the same person on the 15th of August
following. He is again on record in March, 1591-92, and in June,
1592. He is, along with Simon Lord Lovat, John Grant of Grant,
Lachlan Mackintosh of Mackintosh, Ross of Balnagown, Hector
Munro of Fowlis, and others, chosen an assistant Commissioner of
justiciary for the counties of Elgin, Nairn, and Inverness, in
March 1592-93. He was appointed a member of the Privy Council in
June, 1592, but he appears not to have accepted the office on that
occasion, for on the 16th of February following there is an entry
of the admission of Sir William Keith of Delny "in the place
appointed by his Majesty, with the advise of his Estates in his
last Parliament, for Colin Mackenzie of Kintail, by reason he,
being required, has not compeared nor accepted the said place."
He, however, accepted the position soon after, for it is recorded
under date of 5th July, 1593, that "Colin Mackenzie of Kintail
being admitted of the Privy Council gave his oath," in common form.

The great troubles in the Lewis, which ultimately ended in that
extensive principality coming into the possession of the House of
Kintail, commenced about this time, and although the most important
events connected with and leading up to that great result will
principally fall to be treated of later on, the quarrel having
originated in Colin Cam's time, it may be more convenient to
explain its origin under the present.

Roderick Macleod, X. of the Lewis, married, first, Janet, a
natural daughter of John Mackenzie of Killin, by whom he had a son,
Torquil Cononach, so called from his having been brought up with
his mother's relations in Strathconon. Roderick, by all accounts,
was not so immaculate in his domestic relations as one might wish,
for we find him having no fewer than five bastard sons, named
respectively, Tormod Uigeach, Murdoch, Neil, Donald, and Rory
Og, all of whom arrived at maturity. In these circumstances it
can hardly be supposed that his lady's domestic happiness was of
the most felicitous and unmixed description.

It was alleged by this paragon of virtue that she had proved
unfaithful to him, and that she had criminal intimacy with the
Brieve (Breitheamh), or consistorial judge of the Island. On
the other hand, it was maintained that the Brieve in his capacity
of judge, had been somewhat severe on the Island chief for his
reckless and immoral habits, and for his bad treatment of his lady
and that the unprincipled villain, as throughout his whole career
he proved himself to be, boldly, and in revenge, turned upon and
accused the judge of committing adultery with his wife. Be that
as it may, the unfortunate woman, attempting to escape from his
cruel treatment, while passing in a large birlinn, from the Lewis
to Coigeach, on the opposite side of the coast, was pursued and
run down by some of her husband's followers, when she, with all
on board, perished. Roderick thereupon disinherited her son,
Torquil Cononach, grandson of John of Killin, maintaining that
Torquil was not his legitimate son and heir, but the fruit of his
wife's unfaithfulness. [Most of the MS. Histories of the family which
we have perused state that Rory Macleod's wife was a daughter of
Kenneth a Bhlair, but it is impossible that the daughter of a chief
who died in 1491 could have been the wife of one who lived in the
early years of the seventeenth Century. She must have been Kenneth's
granddaughter, as above described, a daughter of John of Kuhn.
This view is corroborated by a decree arbitral in 1554, in which
Torquil Cononach is called the oy (ogha, or grandson) of John
Mackenzie: Acts and Decreets of Session, X., folio 201. The
Roderick Macleod who married, probably as his second wife, Agnes,
daughter of Kenneth a Bhlair, was Roderick Macleod, seventh of
Lewis, who died some time after his father early in the sixteenth
century.] Roderick Macleod married secondly, in 1541, Barbara
Stewart, daughter of Andrew, Lord Avandale, with issue - Torquil
Oighre or the Heir, who died unmarried before his father, having
been drowned along with a large number of others while on a voyage
in his birlinn, between Lewis and Skye. Macleod married thirdly
a daughter or Hector Og, XIII., and sister of Sir Lachlan Maclean,
XIV., of Duart, by whom he had two sons - Torquil Dubh, whom he
named as his heir and successor, and Tormod, known as Tormod Og.
Torquil Cononach, now designated "of Coigeach," married Margaret,
daughter of Angus Macdonald, VII. of Glengarry, and widow of
Cuthbert of Castlehill, Inverness, who bore him two sons - John
and Neil - and five daughters and, raising as many men as would
accompany him, he, with the assistance of two of his natural
brothers-Tormod and Murdoch-started for the Lewis to vindicate his
rights as legitimate heir to the island. He defeated his father,
and confined him in the Castle of Stornoway for four years, when he
was finally obliged to acknowledge Torquil Cononach as his lawful
son and successor. The bastards now quarrelled among themselves.
Donald killed Tormod Uigeach. Murdoch, in resentment, seized
Donald and carried him to Coigeach; but he afterwards escaped and
complained to old Rory, who was highly offended at Murdoch for
seizing and with Torquil Cononach for detaining Donald. Roderick
ordered Murdoch to be apprehended and confined to his own
old quarters in the Castle of Stornoway. Torquil Cononach again
returned to the Lewis, reduced the castle, liberated Murdoch,
again confined his father, and killed many of his followers, at the
same time carrying off all the writs and charters, and depositing
them for safety with his uncle, Mackenzie of Kintail. He had meanwhile
left his son John (who had been in the service of Huntly, and whom
he now called home) in charge of the castle, and in possession
of the Lewis. He imprudently banished his natural uncles, Donald
and Rory Og, out of the island. Rory Og soon after returned with
a considerable number of followers; attacked his nephew, Torquil
Cononach's son John, in Stornoway, killed him, and released his
own father, old Roderick, who was allowed after this to possess
the island in peace during the remainder of his life. "Thus was
the Siol Torquil weakened, by private dissensions, and exposed to
fall a prey, as it did soon afterwards, to the growing power of
the Mackenzies."

In 1594 Alexander Bayne, younger of Tulloch, granted a charter of
the lands of Rhindoun in favour of Colin Mackenzie of Kintail and
his heirs male, proceeding on a contract of sale between them,
dated 10th of March, 1574. On the 10th of July in the same year
there is "a contract of alienation" of these lands by the same
Colin Mackenzie of Kintail in favour of Roderick Mackenzie of
Ardafillie (Redcastle), his brother-german, and his heirs male. A
charter implementing this contract is dated the 20th of October
following, by which the lands are to be holden blench and for relieving
Kintail of the feu-duty and services payable to his superiors."
These lands are, in 1625, resigned by Murdoch Mackenzie of Redcastle
into the hands of Colin, second Earl of Seaforth, the immediate
lawful superior thereof, for new infeftments to be granted to
Roderick Mackenzie, his second lawful son. [Writs and Evidents of
Lands of Rhindoun. "Antiquarian Notes," pp. 172-73.]

Colin, in addition to his acquisitions in Lochalsh and. Lochcarron,
"feued the Lordship of Ardmeanach, and the Barony of Delnys, Brae
Ross, with the exception of Western Achnacherich, Wester Drynie,
and Tarradale, which Bayne of Tulloch had feued before, but found
it his interest to hold of him as immediate superior, which, with
the former possessions of the lands of Chanonry, greatly enhanced
his influence. Albeit his predecessors were active both in war and
peace, and precedent in acquiring their estate; yet this man acquired
more than all that went before him, and made such a solid progress in
it, that what he had acquired was with the goodwill of his sovereign,
and clear unquestionable purchase." He protected his nephew,
Torquil Macleod of the Lewis, when he was oppressed by his unnatural
relations and natural brothers, and from his he acquired a right
to the lands of Assynt. [Earl of Cromartie and other MS. Histories
of the Family.]

Colin, in April, 1572, married Barbara, daughter of John Grant of
Grant, ancestor of the Earls of Seafield, by Lady Marjory Stewart,
daughter of John, third Earl of Athol (Tocher 2000 merks and the
half lands of Lochbroom, then the property of her father ["Chiefs
of Grant"]), with issue -

I. Kenneth, who succeeded his father, and was afterwards elevated
to the Peerage by the title of Lord Mackenzie of Kintail.

II. Roderick, the renowned Sir Roderick Mor Mackenzie of Coigeach,
"Tutor of Kintail" and progenitor of the Earls of Cromarty, of the
families of Scatwell, Tarvie, Ballone, and other minor Mackenzie
septs, of whom in their proper place.

III. Alexander, first of Kilcoy, now represented by Colonel Burton

IV. Colin of Kinnock and Pitlundie.

V. Murdoch of Kernsary, whose only lawful son, John, was killed
at the Battle of Auldearn, in 1645, without issue.

VI. Catherine, who married Simon, eighth Lord Lovat, with issue -
Hugh, his heir and successor, and Elizabeth, who married Dunbar of
Westfield, Sheriff of Moray.

VII. Janet, who married Hector Maclean, "Eachainn Og," XV. of
Duart, with issue - Hector Mor, who succeeded his father Lachlan,
and Florence, who married John Garbh Maclean, VII. of Coll.

VIII. Mary, who, as his second wife, married Sir Donald Gorm Mor
Macdonald, VII., of Sleat, without issue.

He had also a natural son,

IX. Alexander, by Margaret, daughter of Roderick Mackenzie,
second of Davochmaluag, who became the founder of the families of
Applecross and Coul, of whom in their order.

Colin "lived beloved by princes and people, and died, regretted
by all, on the 14th of June, 1594, at Redcastle and was buried at
Bewlie." He was succeeded by his eldest son,


FIRST LORD MACKENZIE OF KINTAIL, who began his rule amidst those
domestic quarrels and dissensions in the Lewis, to which we have
already introduced the reader, and which may, not inappropriately,
be designated the Strife of the Bastards. He is on record as
"of Kintail" on the 31st of July, 1594, within seven weeks of his
father's death, and again on the 1st of October in the same year.
On the 9th of November he made oath in presence of the King and
the Privy Council that he should "faithfully, loyally, and truly
concur, fortify, and assist his Majesty's Lieutenant of the North
with his advice and force at all times and occasions as he may be
required by proclamations, missive letters, or otherwise." The
country generally was in such a lawless condition in this year that
an Act of Parliament was passed by which it was ordained "that in
order that there may be a perfect distinction, by names and surnames,
betwixt those that are and desire to be esteemed honest and true
men, and those that are and not ashamed to be esteemed thieves,
sorners, and resetters of them in their wicked and odious crimes
and deeds; that therefore a roll and catalogue be made of all
persons, and the surnames therein mentioned, suspected of slaughter,
etc." It was also enacted "that such evil disposed persons as
take upon themselves to sell the goods of thieves, and disobedient
persons and clans that dare not come to public markets in
the Lowlands themselves, whereby the execution of the Arts made
against somers, clans, and thieves, is greatly impeded," should be
punished in the manner therein contained. Another Act provided
"that the inbringer of every robber and thief, after he is
outlawed, and denounced fugitive, shall have two hundred pounds
Scots for every robber and thief so inbrought." ["Antiquarian

On the 5th of February, 1595-96, it is complained against him by
Alexander Bayne of Tulloch that although upon the 7th of March,
1594, John MacGillechallum, Raasay, had been put to the horn
for non-appearance to a complaint by the said Alexander and his
son Alexander, Fiar of Tulloch, against the Rev. John Mackenzie,
minister of Urray, touching certain oppressions and depredations
committed on him and his tenants, he remained not only unrelaxed
from the horn, but continues in "his wicked and accustomed trade
of rief theft, sorning, and oppression," seeking "all indirect and
shameful means to wreck and destroy him and his bairns." A short
time before this, MacGillechallum sent to the complainer desiring
him to give over to him his (Bayne's) old heritage called Torridon,
"with assurance if he do not the same to burn his whole corn and
goods." In these insolencies "he is encouraged and set forward
by the consort, reset, and supply which he receives of Kenneth
Mackenzie of Kintail and his friends, he being near kinsman to
the said Kenneth, viz.: his father's sister's son; who, in that
respect, shows him all good offices of friendship and courtesy,
indirectly assisting him with his men and moyen in all his
enterprises against the said complainer and his bairns, without
whose oversight and allowance and protection it were not able to
him to have a reset in any part of the country." The complainer,
Alexander Bayne, describes himself as "a decrepit aged man past
eighty years of age and being blind these years he must submit
himself to his Majesty for remedy." Kintail appeared personally,
and Tulloch by his two sons, Alexander and Ranald, whereupon the
King and Council remitted the complaint to be decided before the
ordinary judges.

The following account from family MSS. and Sir Robert Gordon's
"Earldom of Sutherland," refers no doubt to the same incidents -
John MacCallum, a brother of the Laird of Raasay, annoyed the people
of Torridon, which place at that time belonged to the Baynes of
Tulloch. He alleged that Tulloch, in whose house he was fostered,
had promised him these lands as a gift of fosterage; but Tulloch,
whether he had made a previous promise to MacGillechallum or not,
left the lands of Torridon to his own second son, Alexander Mor
MacDhonnchaidh Mhic Alastair, alias Bayne. He afterwards obtained
a decree against MacGillechallum for interfering with his lands
and molesting the people, and, on a Candlemas market, with a
large following of armed men, made up of most of the Baynes, and
a considerable number of Munros, he came to the market stance,
at that time held at Logie. John MacGillechallum, ignorant of
Tulloch "getting the laws against him" and in no fear of his life
or liberty, came to the market as usual, and, while standing buying
some article at a chapman's stall, Alastair Mor and his followers
came up behind him unperceived, and, without any warning, struck
him on the head with a two-edged sword - instantly killing him. A
gentleman of the Clann Mhurchaidh Riabhaich Mackenzies, Ian Mac
Mhurchaidh Mhic Uilleam, a very active and powerful man, was at
the time standing beside him, and he asked who dared to have spilt
Mackenzie blood in that dastardly manner. He had no sooner said
the words than he was run through the body by one of the swords
of the enemy; and thus, without an opportunity of drawing their
weapons, fell two of the best swordsmen in the North of Scotland.
The alarm and the news of their death immediately spread through
the market. "Tulloch Ard," the war cry of the Mackenzies, was
instantly raised; whereupon the Baynes and the Munros took to their
heels - the Munros eastward to the Ferry of Fowlis, and the Baynes
northward to the hills, both followed by a band of the infuriated
Mackenzies, who slaughtered every one they overtook. Iain Dubh Mac
Choinnich Mhic Mhurchaidh, of the clan Mhurchaidh Riabhaich, and
Iain Gallda Mac Fhionnla Dhuibh, two gentlemen of the Mackenzies,
the latter of whom was a Kintail man, were on their way from Chanonry
to the market, when they met in with a batch of the Munros flying
in confusion and, learning the cause to be the murder of their
friends at Logie market, they instantly pursued the fugitives,
killing no less than thirteen of them between Logie and the wood
of Millechaich. All the townships in the neighbourhood of the
market joined the Mackenzies in the pursuit, and Alastair Mor Bayne
of Tulloch only saved himself, after all his men were killed, by
taking shelter and hiding for a time in a kiln-logie. Two of his
followers, who managed to escape from the market people, met with
some Lewismen on their way to the fair, who, noticing the Baynes
flying half naked, immediately stopped them, and insisted upon their
giving a proper account of themselves. This proving unsatisfactory
they came to high words, and from words to blows, when the Lewismen
attacked and killed them at Ach-an-eilich, near Contin.

The Baynes and the Munros had good cause to regret the cowardly
conduct of their leaders on this occasion at Logie market, for
they lost no less than fifty able-bodied men in return for the two
gentlemen of the Clan Mackenzie whom they had so basely murdered
at the fair. One lady of the Clan Munro lost her three brothers,
on whom she composed a lament, of which the following is all we
could obtain:--

'S olc a' fhuair mi tus an Earraich,
'S na feill Bride 'chaidh thairis,
Chaill mi mo thriuir bhraithrean geala,
Taobh ri taobh u' sileadh fala.
'Se 'n dithis a rinn mo sharach',
Fear beag dubh a chlaidheamh Iaidir,
'S mac Fhionnla Dhuibh a Cinntaile
Deadh mhearlach nan adh 's nan aigeach.

When night came on, Alastair Mor Bayne escaped from the kiln, and
went to his uncle Lovat, who at once despatched James Fraser of
Phopachy south, with all speed to prevent information from the other
side reaching the King before be had an opportunity of relating his
version of the quarrel. His Majesty was at the time at Falkland,
and a messenger from Mackenzie reached him before Alastair Mor,
pursuing for the slaughter of Mackenzie's kinsmen. He got the ear
of his Majesty and would have been successful had not John Dubh
Mac Choinnich Mhic Mhurchaidh meanwhile taken the law into his own
hands by burning, in revenge, all Tulloch's cornyards and barns
at Lemlair, thus giving Bayne an opportunity of presenting another
and counter claim but the matter was ultimately arranged by the
King and Council obliging Kintail and Tulloch mutually to subscribe
a contract of agreement and peaceful behaviour towards each other.

Under date of 18th February, 1395-96, there is an entry in the Privy
Council Records that Kenneth Mackenzie of Kintail "being elected
and chosen to be one of the ordinary members" of the Council, and
being personally preset, makes faith and gives oath in the usual
manner. In a complaint against him, on the 5th of August, 1596,
by Habbakuk Bisset, he is assoilzied in all time coming by a decree
of their Lordships in his favour.

Upon the death of Old Roderick of the Lewis, Torquil Dubh succeeded
him, excluding Torquil Cononach from the succession on the plea
of his being a bastard. The latter, however, held Coigeach and his
other possessions on the mainland, with a full recognition by the
Government of his rights to the lands of his forefathers in the
Lewis. His two sons having been killed, and his eldest daughter,
Margaret, having married Roderick Mackenzie of Coigeach, progenitor
of the Cromarty family, better known as the Tutor of Kintail,
Torquil Cononach threw himself into the hands of Kintail for aid
against the bastards. By Roderick Mackenzie's marriage with Torquil
Cononach's eldest daughter, he became heir of line to the ancient
family of Macleod, an honour which still remains to his descendants,
the Cromarty family. Torquil Dubh secured considerable support
by marriage with a daughter of Tormod, XI., and sister of William
Macleod, XII. of Harris and Dunvegan, and, thus strengthened,
made a descent on Coigeach and Lochbroom, desolating the whole
district, aiming at permanent occupation. Kintail, following the
example of his predecessors - always prudent, and careful to keep
within the laws of the realm - in 1596 laid the following complaint
before King James VI.:

Please your Majesty, - Torquil Dow of the Lews, not contenting
himself with the avowit misknowledging of your Hieness authority
wherebe he has violat the promises and compromit made before your
Majesty, now lately the 25th day of December last, has ta'n upon
him being accompanied w 7 or 800 men, not only of his own by ylands
neist adjacent, to prosecute with fire and sword by all kind of
gud order, the hail bounds of the Strath Coigach pertaining to
M'Leod his eldest brother, likewise my Strath of Lochbroom, quhilks
Straths, to your Majesty's great dishonour, but any fear of God
ourselves, hurt and skaith that he hath wasted w fire and sword,
in such barbarous and cruel manner, that neither man, wife,
bairn, horse, cattle, corns, nor bigging has been spared, but all
barbarously slain, burnt, and destroyit, quhilk barbarity and
cruelty, seeing he was not able to perform it but by the assistance
and furderance of his neighbouring Ylesmen, therefore beseeches
your Majesty by advice of Council to find some sure remeid wherebe
sick cruel tyrannie may be resisted in the beginning. Otherway
nothing to be expectit for but dailly increasing of his malicious
forces to our utter ruin, quha possesses your Majesty's obedience,
the consideration quharof and inconveniences quhilk may thereon
ensue. I remit to your Highness guid consideration of whom taking
my leif with maist humble commendations of service, I commit your
Majesty to the holy protection of God eternal. At the Canonry of
Ross, the 3d day, Jany. 1596-97. Your Majesty's most humble and
obt. subject. KENNETH MACKENZIE of Kintail.

The complaint came before the Privy Council, at Holyrood, on the
11th of February, following, and Torquil Dubh, failing to appear,
was denounced a rebel. Kenneth thereupon obtained a commission of
fire and sword against him, as also the forfeiture of the Lewis,
upon which Torquil Cononach made over his rights to Mackenzie, on
the plea that he was the next male heir, but reserving the lands
of Coigeach to his own son-in-law. The Mackenzies did all they
could to obtain the estste for Torquil Cononach, the legitimate
heir, but mainly through his own want of activity and indolent
disposition, they failed with their united efforts to secure
undisturbed possession for him. They succeeded, however, in
destroying the family of Macleod of the Lewis, and most of the
Siol-Torquil, and ultimately became complete masters of the island.
The Brieve by stratagem captured Torquil Dubh, with some of his
friends, and delivering them up to Torquil Cononach, they were, by
his orders, beheaded in July, 1597. "It fell out that the Breve
(that is to say, the judge) in the Lewis, who was chief of the Clan
Illevorie (Morrison), being sailing from the Isle of Lewis to Ronay
in a great galley, met with a Dutch ship loaded with wine, which he
took; and advising with his friends, who were all with him there,
what he would do with the ship lest Torqull Du should take her from
him, they resolved to return to Stornoway and call for Torqull Du
to receive the wine, and if he came to the ship, to sail away with
him where Torqull Cononach was, and then they might be sure of the
ship and the wine to be their own, and besides, he would grant them
tacks in the best parts in the Lewis; which accordingly they did,
and called for Torqull to come and receive the wine. Torqull Du
noways mistrusting them that were formerly so obedient, entered the
ship with seven others in company, where he was welcomed, and he
commended them as good fellows that brought him such a prize. They
invited him to the quay to take his pleasure of the feast of their
wine. He goes, but instead of wine they brought cords to tie him,
telling him he had better render himself and his wrongously
possessed estate to his eldest brother; that they resolved to put
him in his mercy, which he was forced to yield to. So they
presently sail for Coigeach, and delivered him to his brother, who
he had no sooner got but he made him short by the head in the month
of July, 1597. Immediately he was beheaded there arose a great
earthquake, which astonished the actors and all the inhabitants
about them as a sign of God's judgment." [Ancient MS.]

In 1598 some gentlemen in Fife, afterwards known as the "Fife
Adventurers," obtained a grant of the Lewis with the professed
object of civilising the inhabitants. It is not intended here
to detail their proceedings or to describe at much length the
squabbles and constant disorders, murders, and robberies which took
place while they held possession of the Island. The speculation
proved ruinous to the Adventurers, who in the end lost their
estates, and were obliged to leave the islanders to their fate.
A brief summary of it will suffice, and those who desire more
information on the subject will find a full account of it in the
History of the Macleods. [By the same author. A. & W. Mackenzie,
Inverness, 1889.]

On the 15th of June, 1599, Sir William Stewart of Houston, Sir James
Spence of Wormistoun, and Thomas Cunningham appeared personally
before the Privy Council "to take a day for the pursuit of Kenneth
Mackenzie of Kintail upon such crimes as criminally they had to lay
to his charge for themselves and in the name of the gentlemen-
ventuaries of their society," and the 26th of September was fixed
for the purpose.

On the 14th of September Kenneth enters into a bond for a thousand
merks that John Dunbar, Fiar of Avoch, and James Dunbar of Little
Suddie, four sons of John of Avoch, and several others, in five
hundred merks each, that they will not harm Roderick Dingwall of
Kildin, Duncan Bayne, apparent heir of Tulloch, Alexander Bayne
of Loggie, and other sons and grandsons of Bayne of Tulloch.

Sir James Stewart of Newton enters into a bond, on the 6th of
October, for six hundred merks that Kenneth will not harm James
Crambie, a burgess of Perth, signed at Dunkeld in presence of Murdo
Mackenzie, apparent heir of Redcastle, John Mackenzie, minister of
Dingwall, and Alexander Mackenzie, writer.

On the 16th of April, 1600, Tormod Macleod complains that Kenneth
had apprehended him and detained him as a prisoner without just
cause, and failing to appear the King and Council, understanding
that Tormod "is a chief and special man of that clan (Macleod),
and that therefore it is necessary that order be taken for his
dutiful obedience and good behaviour," order Kenneth to present
him before the Council on a day to be afterwards fixed.

Kenneth, on the 11th of December, brings under the notice of the
Council a case which places the unlawful practices of the times in
a strong light. He says that upon the 16th of October preceding,
while Duncan MacGillechallum in Kintail, his man, was bringing
twenty-four cows to the fair of Glammis, three men, whose names
he gives, violently robbed him of the cattle. Upon the 1st of
November, 1599, the same persons had reft Duncan MacGillechriosd
in Kintail, his tenant, at the fair of Elycht, of twenty-six cows
and four hundred merks of silver, and robbed Murdo Mac Ian Mhic
Mhurchaidh, also his tenant in Kintail, of twenty-six cows at the
same market. On the 30th of October, 1600, he sent his servants,
John and Dougall MacVanish, in Lochalsh, to the fair of Elycht
with a hundred and fifty-four cows and oxen to be sold, "for outred
and certane the said complenaris adois in thir pairtis," and his
servants being at the foot of Drummuir with his said cattle, two
of the three who robbed his men at Glammis, with Patrick Boll in
Glenshee, and Alexander Galld Macgregor, took from them the whole
of the cattle and "hes sparpellit and disponit" upon the same at
their pleasure. This violence and rief at free markets and fairs,
he says, is not only hurtful to him, but it "discourages all
peaceable and good subjects to direct or send any goods to the
market and fairs of the incountry." Kenneth Mackenzie of Kilchrist
appeared for Kintail, and the defenders, in absence, were denounced

He is ordered on the 31st of January, 1602, as one of the leading
Highland chiefs, to hold a general muster and wapinschaw of his
followers each year within his bounds, on the 10th of March, as
the other chiefs are in their respective districts. On the same
day he is requested to provide a hundred men to aid the Queen of
England "against the rebels in Ireland;" is authorised to raise
this number compulsorily, if need be, and appoint the necessary
officers to command them. On the 28th of July following, Alexander
Dunbar of Cumnock, Sheriff-Principal of Elgin and Forres, and
David Brodie of Brodie, become cautioners to the amount of three
thousand merks that Kenneth will appear before the King and Council,
when charged with some unnamed offence, upon twenty days warning.
On the 9th of September Mackenzie complains to the Council that
about St Andrews Day, 1601, when he sent eighty cattle to the St.
Andrew market for sale, Campbell of Glenlyon, with a large number
of his men, "all thieves and broken Highland men," had set upon his
servants and spuilzied them of the whole; and that eighty cattle
he had sent to the Michaelmas market had been reft from him in the
same way by the said Campbell, for which Duncan Campbell, younger
of Glenlyon, having failed to produce his father, who "was in his
custody and keeping," was denounced a rebel.

There being some variance and controversy "between Mackenzie and
Donald Mac Angus of Glengarry, they were both ordered at the same
meeting of Council to subscribe, within three hours after being
charged, such forms of mutual assurance as should be presented to
them, to endure till the 1st of May, 1603, under pain of rebellion.

By warrant of the King, Kenneth is admitted a member of the Privy
Council and is sworn in, in common form, on the 9th of December,
1602. On the following day he gives caution for James Dunbar
of Little Suddie, and John Dunbar, Fiar of Avoch, in two hundred
merks, for their relaxation by the 1st of February next from
several hornings used against them.

At a meeting of the Privy Council, held at Edinburgh on the 30th
of September, 1605, Kenneth receives a commission to act for the
King against Neil MacNeill of Barra, the Captain of Clanranald,
and several other Highland and Island chiefs, who had "of late
amassed together a force and company of the barbarous and rebellious
thieves and limmers of the Isles," and with them entered the Lewis,
"assailed the camp of his Majesty's good subjects," and "committed
barbarous and detestable murders and slaughters upon them."
Mackenzie is in consequence commissioned to convocate the lieges
in arms and to pursue these offenders with fire and sword by sea
or land, "take and slay them," or present them to their Lordships
for justice, with power also to the said Kenneth to pass to the
Lewis for thc relief of the subjects "distressed and grieved" by
the said rebellious "lymmairis," or of prisoners in their hands,
and to procure their liberty by "force or policy, as he may best
have it." He is also ordered to charge the lieges within the shires
of Inverness and Nairn, burgh and landward, to rise and assist him
in the execution of his office, whenever he requires them, "by his
precepts and proclamations." This was the beginning of Kenneth's
second conquest of the Lewis.

Mackenzie is, on the 2nd of June, 1607, appointed by the Privy Council,
along with the Bishop of Ross, a commissioner to the Presbyteries
of Tam and Ardmeanach, and on the 14th of July following, he is
summoned before their Lordships to report his diligence in that
matter, under pain of rebellion. Kenneth does not appear, and he
is denounced a rebel. On the 30th of July he takes the oath of
allegiance, along with the Earl of Wyntoun and James Bishop of
Orkney, in terms of a Royal letter issued on the 2nd of June preceding
imposing a special oath acknowledging the Royal Supremacy in Church
and state on all Scotsmen holding any civic or ecclesiastical office.

He receives another commission on the 1st of September, 1607.
Understanding that "Neil Macleod and others, the rebellious thieves
and limmers of the Isles, have of late surprised and taken the
Castle of Stornoway in the Lewis, and other houses and biggings,
pertaining to the gentlemen portioners of the Lewis, and have
demolished and cast down some of the said houses, and keep others
of them as houses of war, victualled and fortified with men
and armour, and in the meantime commit barbarous and detestable
insolencies and cruelties upon so many of the poor inhabitants of
that country as gave their obedience to his Majesty," the Lords
give commission to Kenneth Mackenzie of Kintail to convocate
the lieges in arms pass to the Lewis, and pursue the said Neil
Macleod with fire and sword, using all kinds of "warlike engines"
for recovering the houses, and having power to keep trysts and
intercommune with the inhabitants of the Isles. This commission
is to continue in force for six months.

Mackenzie is one of the Highland chiefs to whom missive letters
are ordered to be sent on the 23rd of June, 1608, to attend his
Majesty's service under Lord Ochiltree, at Troternish, in the Isle
of Skye, on the 20th of August following, on which occasion the
soldiers must "furnish themselves with powder and bullets out of
their own pay, and not out of the King's charges." It is ordered
at a meeting of the Privy Council held on the 6th of February,
1609, that he, along with Simon Lord Lovat, Grant of Grant, the
Earl of Caithness, Ross of Balnagown, John Mackenzie of Gairloch,
and others, be charged to appear personally before their Lordships
on the 25th of March following, to come under such order as shall
be prescribed to them touching the finding of surety and caution for
the quietness and obedience of their bounds, and that no fugitive
and disobedient Islesmen shall be reset or supplied within the
same, under pain of rebellion and horning. He appears, with some
of the others, before the Council on the 28th of March, and gives
the necessary bond, but the amount in his case is not named. On
the 7th of April, however, it appears that he and Grant become
personally bound for each other, in L4000 each, that those for
whom they are answerable shall keep the King's peace and that they
will not reset or favour any fugitives from the Isles. Kenneth
becomes similarly bound in L3000 for John Mackenzie of Gairloch
and Donald Neilsoun Macleod of Assynt.

He was one of the eight Lesser Barons who constituted the Lords
of the Articles in the Scottish Parliament which met for the first
time on the 17th of June, 1609.

The Privy Council, on the 22nd of the same month, committed to
the Earl of Glencairn and Kenneth Mackenzie of Kintail the charge
of conveying Hector Maclean of Duart from the Castle of Dumbarton
to Edinburgh and bringing him before their Lordships, "for order
to be taken with him anent the affairs of the Isles, and they
became bound in L20,000 to produce him on the first Council day
after the end of that year's Parliament. On the 28th of the same
month they enter formally into a bond to this amount that Maclean
will appear on the first Thursday of November, he, in turn, binding
himself and his heirs for their relief. On the 22nd of February,
1610, the bond is renewed for Maclean's appearance on the first
Council day after that date. He appears on the 28th of June
following, and Mackenzie and the Earl of Glencairn are released
from their cautionary obligations.

On the 30th of June, 1609, Kenneth and Sir George become cautioners
for Donald Gorm Macdonald of Sleat to the amount of L10,000 that he
will appear before the Lords Commissioners on the 2nd of February next,
to come under their orders, and Kenneth is charged to keep Donald
Gorm's brother's son, "who is now in his hands," until Macdonald
presents himself before the Lords Commissioners. On the 22nd of
February, 1610, this caution is repeated for Donald's appearance on
the 8th of March. He appears and Mackenzie is finally relieved of the
bond on the 28th of June following.

On the 5th of July, 1609, Mackenzie and Sir John Home of Coldenknowes,
undertake, under a penalty of ten thousand merks, that George
Earl of Caithness, shall make a free, peaceable, and sure passage
to all his Majesty's lawful subjects through his country of Caithness,
in their passage to and from Orkney.

At a meeting of the Council held on the 20th of February, 1610,
a commission is granted to Simon Lord Lovat, Kenneth Mackenzie
of Kintail, John Mackenzie of Gairloch, Hugh Mackay of Farr, and
Roderick Mackenzie of Redcastle, to apprehend Allan Mac Donald
Duibh Mhic Rory of Culnacnock, in Troternish, Isle of Skye, and
several others, including "Murdo Mac Gillechallum, brother of
Gillecallum Raasay, Laird of Raasay, Gillecallum Mac Rory Mhic
Leoid, in Lewis, Norman Mac Ghillechallum Mhoir, there, and Rory Mac
Ghillechallum Mhoir, his brother," all of whom "remain unrelaxed
from a horning of 18th January last, raised against them by
Christian, Nighean Ian Leith, relict of Donald Mac Alastair Roy,
in Dibaig," Murdo, his son, his other kin and friends, tenant and
servants, "for not finding caution to answer before the justice
for the stealing of forty cows and oxen, with all the insight and
plenishing of the said late Donald Mac Alastair's house in Dibaig,
worth 1000, and for murdering the said Donald," his tenant, and
servants. The Commissioners are to convocate the lieges in arms
for apprehending the said rebels, and to enter them, when taken,
before the justice to be suitably punished for their crimes.
Another commission is issued in favour of Simon Lord Lovat, Kenneth
Mackenzie of Kintail, Donald Gorm Macdonald of Sleat, and Donald
Mac Allan Mhic Ian of Eilean Tirrim, Captain of Clanranald, against
John Mac Allan Mac Ranald, who is described as "having this long
time been a murderer, common thief, and masterful oppressor" of
the King's subjects.

Although Kenneth had been raised to the Peerage on the 19th of
November, 1609, by the title of Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, he is
not so designated in the Privy Council Records until the 31st of
May, 1610, when the patent of his creation is read and received by
their Lordships, and he is thereupon acknowledged to be a free
baron in all time coming. He is one of the Highland chiefs charged
and made answerable for good rule in the North on the 28th of
June of that year and to find caution within fifteen days, under
pain of rebellion, not to reset within their bounds any notorious
thieves, rievers, fugitives, and rebels, for theft and murder, under
a further penalty, in Mackenzie's case, of five thousand merks.

At a meeting of the Privy Council held on the 19th of July, 1610,
the following commission was issued in Kenneth's favour as justiciary
of the Lewis, against Neil Macleod:

Forasmuch as a number of the chieftains and principal men of
the Isles and continent next adjacent are come in and presented
themselves before the Lords of his Majesty's Privy Council, and
have given satisfaction unto the said Lords anent their obedience
and conformity in time coming, so as that now there is no part of
the Isles rebellious and disobedient but the Lewis, which being
possessed and inhabited by a number of thieves, murderers, and
an infamous byke of lawless and insolent limmers under the charge
and command of the traitor Neil Macleod, who has usurped upon him
the authority and possession of the Lewis, and they, concurring
altogether in a rebellious society, do commit many murders,
slaughters, riefs, and villianies, not only among themselves but
upon his Majesty's peaceable and good subjects who resorted among
them in their trade of fishing, and by their barbarous and savage
behaviour against his Majesty's good subjects they have made the
trade of fishing in the Lewis, which was most profitable for the
whole country, to become always unprofitable, to the great hurt
of the commonweal. And the Lords of Secret Council finding it a
discredit to the country that such a parcel of ground, possessed
by a number of miserable caitiffs, shall be suffered to continue
rebellious, whereas the whole remanent Isles are become peaceable
and obedient, and the said Lords understand the good affection of
Kenneth, Lord Kintail and his willing disposition to undergo all
pains and trouble in his Majesty's service. Therefore the said
Lords has made and constituted, and by the tenour hereof makes and
constitutes, the said Kenneth Lord Kintail, his Majesty's justice
and commissioner over the whole boundaries of the Lewis, to the
effect under-written, with full power, commission, and authority
to him to convocate his Majesty's lieges in arms, to levy and take
up men of war, to appoint captains and commanders over them, and
with them to pass to the Lewis, and there, with tire and sword, and
all kind of hostility, to search, seek, hunt, follow, and pursue
the said Neil, his accomplices, assistants, and partakers, by sea
and land, wherever they may be apprehended, and to mell, confiscate,
and intromit with their goods and gear, and to dispone thereupon
at their pleasure, and to keep such of their persons as shall
be taken in sure firmance till justice he ministered upon them,
conform to the laws of this realm, courts of justiciary within the
said bounds to sit, begin, affix, hold, and continue suits to be
made called "absentis to amerchiat," trespasses to punish, all and
sundry persons inhabitants of the Lewis suspected and delayed of
murder, slaughter, fire-raising, theft, and reset of theft, and
other capital crimes, to search, seek, take, apprehend, commit to
prison, and to enter them upon panel by dittay to accuse them, and
to put them to the knowledge of an assize, and as they shall happen
to be found culpable or innocent of the said crimes, or any of
them, to cause justice be administered upon them conform to the
laws of this realm assize needful to this effect, each person
under the pain of forty pounds, to summon, warn, chase, and cause
be sworn, clerks, serjeants, dempsters, and all other officers and
members of court needful, to make, create, substitute and ordain,
for whom he shall be held to answer with power likewise to our
said justice, for the better execution of this commission to take
the lymphads, galleys, birlinns, and boats, in the next adjacent
Isles, and in the Lewis, for the furtherance of them in their
service, the said justice being always answerable to the owners
of the said lymphads, galleys, birlinns, and bouts for redelivery
of the same at the finishing of his Majesty's service with
power likewise to the said justice and persons assisting him in
the execution of this commission to bear, wear, and use hagbutis,
pistols, and petards. And if in pursuit of this commission there
shall happen slaughter, mutilation fire-raising, or any other
inconvenience, to follow, the said Lords decern and declare that the
same shall not be imputed as crime or offence to the said justice
nor persons assisting him in the execution of this Commission,
nor that they, nor none of them, shall not be called nor accused
therefore criminally nor civilly by any manner of way in time
coming; exonerating them of all pain, crime, and danger, that
they may incur therethrough for ever. And generally all and sundry
other things to do, exercise, and use, which for execution of this
commission are requisite and necessary, firm, and stable, holding
and for to hold all and whatsoever things shall be lawfully done
herein. And that letters of publication be directed hereupon
charging all his Majesty's lieges within the whole boundaries of
the North Isles of this Kingdom and within the bounds of the said
Lord's own lands, heritages, possessions, offices, and baillies,
excepting always the persons of the name of Fraser, Ross, and
Munro, their tenants and servants, to reverance. acknowledge, and
obey, rise, concur, pass forward, fortify, and assist the said
Kenneth, Lord Kintail, in all things tending to the execution of
his commission, and to convene in arms with him at such times,
days, and places, as he shall please appoint, as they and each one
of them will answer upon their obedience at their highest peril.
This commission for the space of two years after the date hereof,
without revocation, to endure.

Soon after this, Neil apprehended a crew of English pirates who
had been carrying on their nefarious traffic among the fishermen
from the South and other places who frequented the prolific fishing
banks, by which, then as now, the island was surrounded. This
meritorious public service secured some consideration for him
at Court, as appears from the following letter addressed to Lord
Kintail under date of 29th August, 1610 -

After our very hearty commendations to your good Lordship: Whereas
Neil Macleod in the Lewis has of late done some good service to his
Majesty and the country by the taking and apprehension of certain
English pirates upon the coast of the Lewis, common enemies to
all lawful traffic, whereby he has merited his Majesty's grace and
pardon in some measure to be shown unto him, and he having made
promise and condition for delivery of the pirates and their ships
to such persons as shall be directed by us to receive them we
have thereupon given an assurance to him to come here to us and
to remain at his pleasure until Whitsunday next, that some good
course may be taken for settling him in quietness; and in this
meantime we have promised that all hostility and persuit of him
and his followers shall rest and cease until the said term, and
also that we shall deal and trouble with your Lordship for some
reasonable ease and condition to be given to him and his followers,
all tenants to your Lordship of the lands and possessions claimed
by them. And, we being careful that our word and promise made
and given hereupon shall be effectual and valid we have therefore
thought meet to acquaint your Lordship therewith, requesting your
Lordship to forbear all persuit, trouble, and invasion of the said
Neil and his followers until the said term, and that your Lordship
will take some such course with them as upon reasonable conditions
they may be received and acknowledged by your Lordship as tenants
of those lands claimed by them. Wherein looking to find your
Lordship conformable, we commit you to God.

Neil does not then appear to have gone to Edinburgh, but he gave
up the pirate, the captain, and ten of her crew to Patrick Grieve,
a burgess of Burntisland, who, on the 10th of September, received
a commission "to sail with a hired ship" to the Lewis for that
purpose. On the 10th of October, Macleod writes to the Council
acknowledging receipt, "from this bearer, Patrick Grieve," of
their Lordships' order upon him to deliver up the pirate and all
her belongings.

On the 19th of July, the same day on which the Commission against
Neil Macleod was granted to Lord Kintail, the Council "being
careful that the present peace and quietness in the Isles shall be
fostered, kept, and entertained, and all such occasions removed
and taken away whereby any new disorder, trouble, or misrule may
be reinstated within the same, has therefore thought meet that
Rory Macleod, son to the late Torquil Dubh Macleod, who has been
this long time in the keeping of Donald Gorm of Sleat, and (Torquil)
Macleod, another of the said late Torquil's sons, who has been
this long time in keeping of Rory Macleod of Harris, shall be
delivered to Kenneth Lord Kintail, to be kept by him until the
said Lord take order with them for their obedience." Charges
are thereupon made upon the chiefs of Sleat and Harris "to bring,
present, and deliver" Torquil Dubh's two sons, "in their keeping,"
to the Mackenzie chief, to be kept by him until such order is
taken for their good behaviour. They are to be delivered within
thirty days, under the usual pains of rebellion and horning.

He is one of the Commissioners of the Peace appointed by the King
on the 6th of November, in 1610, in terms of a newly-passed Act of
Parliament, for Inverness-shire (including Ross) and Cromarty, his
colleagues from among the clan for these counties being Roderick
Mackenzie of Redcastle, Roderick Mackenzie of Coigeach, and John
Mackenzie of Gairloch. He was at the same time appointed in a
similar capacity for Elgin, Forres, and Nairn.

Mackenzie had for some time kept Tormod Macleod, the lawful brother
of Torquil Dubh, a prisoner, but he now released him, correctly
premising that on his appearance in the Lewis all the islanders
would rise in his favour. In the meantime, early in 1600, Murdoch
Dubh was taken by the Fife Adventurers to St Andrews, and there
put to death; but at his execution he revealed, in his confession,
the designs of Mackenzie, who was in consequence apprehended and
committed to Edinburgh Castle, from which, however, he contrived to
escape without trial, through his influence with the Lord Chancellor.

There is an entry in the Records of the Privy Council under date
of 15th August, 1599, which shows that Kintail must at an earlier
date have been confined in Edinburgh Castle, for some previous
offence, for "it having pleased the King to suffer Kenneth Mackenzie
of Kintail to repair furth of the Castle of Edinburgh for four
or five miles, when he shall think expedient, for repose, health,
and recreation" on caution being given by himself as principal,
and Robert Lord Seton as surety, that he shall re-enter the Castle
every night, under pain of ten thousand merks. The bond is signed
on the same date, and is deleted by warrant signed by the King,
and the Treasurer, on the 25th of September following.

After various battles had been fought between the brothers, the
Adventurers returned in strong force to the island, armed with a
commission of fire and sword, and all the Government power at their
back, against Tormod. The fight between the combatants continued
with varied success and failure on either side; the Adventurers
again relinquished their settlement, and returned to Fife to bewail
their losses, having solemnly promised never again to return to
the Island or molest Mackenzie and his friends.

Kintail now, in virtue of Torquil Cononach's resignation in his
favour, obtained a gift, under the Great Seal, of the Lewis for
himself through the influence of the Lord Chancellor. This he
had, however, ultimately to resign into the hands of the King, and
his Majesty, in 1608, vested these rights in the persons of Lord
Balmerino, Sir George Hay, and Sir James Spence, of Wormistoun, who
undertook the colonisation of the island. For this purpose they
made great preparations, and, assisted by the neighbouring tribes,
invaded the Lewis for the double purpose of planting a colony in
it and of subduing and apprehending Neil Macleod, who now alone
defended it. Mackenzie dispatched his brother Roderick, and
Alexander Mackenzie of Coul, with a party of followers numbering
400, ostensibly to aid the colonists now acting under the King's
commission to whom he promised active friendship. At the same
time he despatched a vessel from Ross loaded with provisions, but
privately sent word to Neil Macleod to intercept her on the way,
so that the settlers, being disappointed of their supply of the
provisions to which they trusted for maintenance, should be
obliged to abandon the island for want of the necessaries of
life. Matters turned out exactly as Kintail anticipated. Sir
George Hay and Sir James Spence (Lord Balmerino having meanwhile
been convicted of high treason, and forfeited) abandoned the Lewis,
leaving a party behind them to hold the garrison, and intending
to send a fresh supply of men and provisions back to the island on
their arrival in Fife. But Neil Macleod and his followers took and
burnt the fort, apprehended its defenders, and sent them safely
to their homes "on giving their oath that they would never come
on that pretence again, which they never did." Finding this, the
Adventurers gave up all hope of establishing themselves in the
island, and sold their acquired rights therein, as also their share
of the forfeited districts of Troternish and Waternish in Skye,
to Kenneth Mackenzie of Kintail, who at the same time obtained a
grant from the King of Balmerino's forfeited share of the Lewis,
thus finally acquiring what he had so long and so anxiously
desired. In addition to a fixed sum of money, Mackenzie granted
the Adventurers "a lease of the woods of Letterewe, where there
was an iron mine, which they wrought by English miners, casting
guns and other implements till their fuel was exhausted and their
lease expired." The King confirmed this agreement, and "to encourage
Kintail and his brother Roderick in their work of civilizing the
people of the Lewis," he elevated the former to the peerage as
Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, on the 19th of November, 1609, at the
same time conferring the honour of knighthood on his brother,
Roderick Mor Mackenzie of Coigeach.

Referring to this period Mr Fraser-Tytler, in his "History of Scotland,"
says - "So dreadful indeed was now the state of those portions of
his (the King's) dominions, that, to prevent an utter dissevering
from the Scottish crown, something must be done, and many were
the projects suggested. At one time the King resolved to proceed
to the disturbed districts in person, and fix his headquarters
in Kentire; at another, a deputy was to be sent, armed with regal
powers; and twice the Duke of Lennox was nominated to this arduous
office. The old plan, too, might have been repeated, of granting
a Royal Commission to one or other of the northern "Reguli," who
were ever prepared, under the plea of loyalty, to strengthen their
own hands, and exterminate their brethren; but this, as had been
often felt before, was to abandon the country to utter devastation;
and a more pacific and singular policy was now adopted. One
association of Lowland barons, chiefly from Fife, took a lease
from the Crown of the Isle of Lewis, for which they agreed, after
seven years' possession, to give the King an annual rent of one
hundred and forty chalders of victual; and came under an obligation
to conquer their farm at their own charges. Another company of
noble-men and gentlemen in Lothian offered, under a similar agreement,
to subdue Skye. And this kind of feudal joint-stock company actually
commenced their operations with a force of six hundred soldiers, and a
motley multitude of farmers, ploughmen, artificers, and pedlars. But
the Celtic population and their haughty chiefs could not consent to be
handed over, in this wholesale fashion, to the tender mercies and
agricultural lectures of a set of Saxon adventurers. The Lowland
barons arrived, only to be attacked with the utmost fury, and to have
the leases of their farms, in the old Douglas phrase, written on their
own skins with steel pens and bloody ink. For a time, however, they
continued the struggle and having entered into alliance with some
of the native chiefs, fought the Celts with their own weapons, and
more than their own ferocity. Instead of agricultural and pastoral
produce, importations of wool, or samples of grain, from the infant
colony, there was sent to the Scottish Court a ghastly cargo of
twelve human heads in sacks; and it was hoped that, after such an
example of severity, matters might succeed better. But the settlers
were deceived. After a feeble and protracted struggle for a few
years, sickness and famine, perils by land and perils by water,
incessant war, and frequent assassinations, destroyed the colony;
and the three great western chiefs, Macdonald of Sleat, Macleod of
Harris, and Mackenzie of Kintail, enjoyed the delight of seeing
the principal gentlemen adventurers made captive by Tormod Macleod;
who, after extorting from them a renunciation of their titles,
and an oath never to return to the Lewis, dismissed them to carry
to the Scottish Court the melancholy reflection that a Celtic
population, and the islands on which it was scattered, were not
yet the materials or the field for the further operations of the
economists of Fife and Mid-Lothian."

In 1610 his Lordship returned to the Lewis with 700 men, and
finally brought the whole island to submission, with the exception
of Neil Macleod and a few of his followers, who retired to the rock
of Berissay, and took possession of it. At this period religion
must have been at a very low ebb - almost extinct among the
inhabitants; and, to revive Christianity among them, his Lordship
selected and took along with him the Rev. Farquhar Macrae, a native
of Kintail and minister of Gairloch, [He brought with him Mr
Farquhar Macrae, who was then a young man and minister of Gairloch
and appointed by the Bishop of Ross (Lesley) to stay with Sir George
Hay and the Englishmen that were with him in Letterewe, being
a peaceful and eloquent preacher. - "Ardintoul MS."] who had been
recommended to the latter charge by the bishop of Ross. Mr Macrae
found quite enough to do on his arrival in the island, but he appears
to have been very successful among the uncivilised natives; for
he reports having gained many over to Christianity; baptised a
large number in the fortieth year of their age; and, to legitimise
their children, marrying many others to those women with whom they
had been for years cohabiting. Leaving the reverend gentleman in
the prosecution of his mission, his Lordship returned home, having
established good order in the island, and promising to return
again the following year, to the great satisfaction of the people.

Some time before this Alexander MacGorrie and Ranald MacRory,
sons of Glengarry's uncles murdered in 1580 in Lochcarron, having
arrived at maturity, and being brave and intrepid fellows, determined
to revenge upon Mackenzie the death of their parents. With this
object they went to Appelcross, where lived one of the murderers,
John Og, son of Angus, MacEachainn, surrounded his house, and set
fire to it, burning to death himself and his whole family. Kintail
sought redress from Glengarry, who, while he did not absolutely
refuse, did not grant it or punish the wrong-doers; and encouraged
by Glengarry's eldest son, Angus, who had now attained his majority,
the cousins, taking advantage of the absence of Mackenzie, who
had gone on a visit to France, continued their depredations and
insolence wherever they found opportunity. Besides, they made
a complaint against him to the Privy Council, whereupon he was
charged at the pier of Leith to appear before the Council on an
appointed day under pain of forfeiture. In this emergency, Mr
John Mackenzie, minister of Dingwall, went privately to France in
search of his chief, whom he found and brought back in the most
secret manner to Edinburgh, fortunately in time to present himself
next day after his arrival before the Council, in terms of the
summons at Glengarry's instance; and, after consulting his legal
adviser and other friends, he appeared quite unexpectedly before
their Lordships.

Meantime, while the gentlemen were on their way from France,
Alexander MacGorrie and Alexander MacRory killed in his bed Donald
Mackenneth Mhic Alastair, a gentleman of the family of Davochmaluag,
who lived at Kishorn. The shirt, covered with his blood, had been
sent to Edinburgh to await the arrival of Mackenzie, who the same
day presented it before the Privy Council, as evidence of the foul
crime committed by his accusers. Glengarry was unable to prove
anything material against Kintail or his followers. On the
contrary, the Rev. John Mackenzie, of Dingwall, charged Glengarry
with being instrumental in the murder of John Og and his family at
Applecross, as also in that of Donald Mackenzie of Davochmaluag,
and undertook not only to prove this, but also that he was a
sorner, an oppressor of his own and of his neighbours' tenants, an
idolater, who had a man in Lochbroom making images, in testimony
of which he carried south the image of St. Coan, which Glengarry
worshipped, called in Edinburgh Glengarry's god, and which was,
by public order, burnt at the Town Cross that Glengarry was a man
who lived in constant adultery with the Captain of Clan Ranald's
daughter, after he had put away Grant of Grant's daughter, his
lawful wife; whereupon Glengarry was summoned there and then to
appear next day before the Council, and to lodge defences to this
unexpected charge. He naturally became alarmed, and fearing the
worst, fled from the city during the night, "took to his heels,"
and gave up further legal proceedings against Mackenzie. Being
afterwards repeatedly summoned, and failing to put in an appearance,
most of the charges were found proven against him; and in 1602,
[Records of Privy Council, 9th September, 1602; Sir Robert Gordon's
Earldom of Sutherland, p. 248; Letterfearn, Ardintoul, and other
MS. Histories of the Mackenzies.] he was declared outlaw and rebel;
a commission of fire and sword was granted to Mackenzie against
him and all his followers, with a decree of ransom for the loss
of those who were burnt and plundered by him, and for Kintail's
charges and expenses, making altogether a very large sum. But
while these legal matters were being arranged, Angus Macdonald,
younger of Glengarry, who was of a restless, daring disposition,
went along with some of his followers under silence of night to
Kintail, burnt the township of Cro, killed and burnt several men,
women, and children, and carried away a large spoil of cattle.

Mackenzie, hearing of this sudden raid, became much concerned
about the loss of his Kintail tenants, and decided to requite the
quarrel by at once executing his commission against the Macdonalds
of Glengarry, and immediately set out in pursuit, leaving a sufficient
number of men at home to secure the safety of his property. He
took along with him a force of seventeen hundred men, at the same
time taking three hundred cows from his farm of Strathbraan to
maintain his followers. Ross of Balnagowan sent a party of a hundred
and eighty men, under command of Alexander Ross of Invercharron, to
aid his neighbour of Kintail, while John Gordon of Embo commanded
a hundred and twenty men sent to his aid by the Earl of Sutherland,
in virtue of the long standing bond of manrent which existed
between the two families; but Sir John "retired at Monar, growing
faint-hearted before he saw the enemie". Andrew Munro of Novar also
accompanied Kintail on this, as on several previous expeditions.
The Macdonalds, hearing of Mackenzie's approach, drove all their
cattle to Monar, where they gathered in strong force to guard them.
Kintail, learning this, marched straight where they were; harried
and wasted all the country through which he had to pass; defeated
and routed the Macdonalds, and drove into Kintail the largest
booty ever heard of in the Highlands of Scotland, "both of cows,
horses, small bestial, duinuasals, and plenishing, which he most
generously distributed amongst his soldiers, and especially amongst
such strangers as were with him, so that John Gordon of Embo was at
his repentance for his return." Mackenzie had only two men killed
in this expedition, though a few of the Kintail men, whom he caused
to be carried home on litters, were wounded.

Several instances are recorded of the prowess and intrepidity
of Alexander of Coul on this occasion. He was, excepting John
MacMhurchaidh Mhic Gillechriost, the fastest runner in the Mackenzie
country. On his way to Kintail, leading his men and driving the
creach before them, he met three or four hundred Camerons, who sent
Mackenzie a message demanding "a bounty of the booty" for passing
through their territory. This Kenneth was about to grant, and
ordered thirty cows and a few of the younger animals to be given,
saying that it "was fit that hungry dogs should get a collop;"
whereupon Alexander of Coul and his brave band of one hundred and
twenty followers started aside and swore with a great oath that if
the Camerons dared to take away a single head, they would, before
night, pay dearly for them, and have to light for their collop;
for he and his men, he said, had already nearly lost their lives
driving them through a wild and narrow pass where eighteen of
the enemy fell to their swords before they were able to get the
cattle through; but he would now let them pass in obedience to
his chief's commands. The messengers, hearing the ominous threat,
notwithstanding Kenneth's personal persuasion, declined on any
account to take the cattle, and marched away "empty as they came."

Before starting from home on this expedition Kintail drove every
one of Glengarry's followers out of their holdings in Lochalsh
and Lochcarron, except a few of the "Mathewsons and the Clann Jan
Uidhir," and any others who promised to submit to him and engaged
to prove their sincerity by "imbrowing their bands in the enemy's
blood." The Castle of Strome, however, still continued in possession
of the Macdonalds.

Mackenzie, after his return home, had not well dissolved his camp
when Alexander MacGorrie and Ranald MacRory made an incursion to the
district of Kenlochewe, and there meeting some women and children
who had fled from Lochcarron with their cattle, he attacked them
unexpectedly, killed several of the defenceless women, all the
male children, slaughtered and took away many of the cattle, and
"houghed" all they were not able to carry along with them.

In the following autumn, Alexander MacGorrie made a voyage to Applecross
in a great galley, contrary to the advice of all his friends, who
looked upon that place as a sanctuary which all Highlanders had
hitherto respected as the property of the Church. Notwithstanding
that many took refuge in it in the past, he was the first man who
ever pursued a fugitive to the place, "but," says our authority,
"it fared no better with him or he rested, but be being informed
that some Kintail men, whom he thought no sin to kill anywhere,"
bad taken refuge there with their cattle, he determined to kill
them, but on his arrival he found only two poor fellows, tending
their cows. These he murdered, slaughtered all the cows, and took
away as many of them as his boat would carry.

A few days after this, Glengarry combined with the Clann Alain of
Moydart (whose chief was at the time captain of Clan Ranald's men),
the Clann Ian Uidhir, and several others of the Macdonalds, who
gathered together amongst them thirty-seven birlinns with the
intention of sailing to Lochbroom, and on their return to burn and
harry the whole of the Mackenzie territories on the west coast.
Coming to an arm of the sea on the east side of Kyleakin called
Loch na Beist, opposite Lochalsh, they sent Alexander MacGorrie
forward with eighty men in a large galley to examine the coast in
advance of the main body. They first landed i Applecross, in the
same spot where MacGorrie had previously killed the two Kintail
men. Kenneth was at the time on a visit to Mackenzie of Gairloch,
at his house on Island Rory in Loch-Maree, and hearing of Glengarry's
approach and the object of his visit, he ordered all his coasts to
be placed in readiness, and sent Alexander Mackenzie of Achilty with
sixteen men and eight oarsmen, in an eight oared galley belonging
to John Tolmach Macleod, son of Rory, son of Allan Macleod, who
still possessed a small portion of Gairloch, to watch the enemy
and examine the coast as far as Kylerhea. John Tolmach himself
accompanied them, in charge of the galley. On their way south
they landed by the merest chance at Applecross, on the north side
of the point at which MacGorrie landed, where they noticed a woman
gathering shellfish on the shore, and who no sooner saw them than
she came forward and informed them that a great galley had landed
in the morning on the other side of the promontory. This they at
once suspected to contain an advanced scout of the enemy, and,
ordering their boat round the point, in charge of the oarsmen, they
took the shortest cut across the neck of land, and, when half way
along, they met one of Macdonald's sentries lying sound asleep on
the ground. He was soon sent to his long rest; and the Mackenzies
blowing up a set of bagpipes found lying beside him, rushed towards
the Macdonalds, who, suddenly surprised and alarmed by the sound of
the Piob mhor, and thinking a strong force was falling down upon them,
fled to their boat, except MacGorrie, who, when he left it, swore a
great oath that he would never return with his back to the enemy; but
finding it impossible single-handed to resist, he retired a little,
closely followed by the Mackenzies who furiously attacked him. He was
now forced to draw aside to a rock, against which he placed his back,
and fought right manfully, defending himself with extraordinary
intrepidity, receiving the enemy's arrows in his targe. He was
ultimately wounded by an arrow which struck him under the belt, yet no
one dared to approach him; but John Dubh Mac Choinnich Mhic Mhurchaidh
noticing his amazing agility, observing that his party had arrived
with the boat, and fearing they would lose Glengarry's galley unless
they at once pursued it, went round to the back of the rock against
which the brave Macdonald stood, carrying a great boulder, which he
dropped straight on to MacGorrie's head, instantly killing him. Thus
died the most skilful and best chieftain - had he possessed equal wisdom
and discretion - then alive among the Macdonalds of Glengarry.

The Mackenzies immediately took to their boat, pursuing Macdonald's
galley to Loch na Beist, where, noticing the enemy's whole fleet
coming out against them, John Tolmach Macleod recommended his men
to put out to sea; but finding the fleet gaining upon them, they
decided to land in Applecross, where they were nearly overtaken
by the enemy. They were obliged to leave their boat and run for
their lives, hotly pursued by the Macdonalds; and were it not that
one of Mackenzie's men - John Mac Rory Mhic Mhurchaidh Mathewson -
was so well acquainted with the ground, and led them to a ford on
the river between two rocks, which the Macdonalds missed, and the
night coming on, they would have been unable to escape with their
lives. The Macdonalds retraced their steps to their boats, and
on the way discovered the body of Alexander MacGorrie, whose death
"put their boasting to mourning," and conceiving his fate ominous
of additional misfortunes, they, carrying him along with them,
prudently returned home, and disbanded all their followers. In
the flight of the Mackenzies Alexander of Achilty, being so stout
that he fainted on the way, was nearly captured. John MacChoinnich,
who noticed him falling, threw some water on him, and, drawing
his sword, swore that he would kill him on the spot if he did not
get up at once rather than that the enemy should have the honour
of killing or capturing him. They soon arrived at Gairloch's
house in the island on Loch-Maree, and gave a full account of their
expedition, whereupon Kintail at once decided upon taking active
measures against the Macdonalds. In the meantime he was assured
that they had returned to their own country. He soon returned
home, and found that the people of Kintail and Glengarry, tiring
of those incessant slaughters and mutual injuries, agreed, during
his absence, in the month of May, to cease hostilities until
the following Lammas. Of this agreement Kintail knew nothing;
and young Glengarry, who was of an exceedingly bold and restless
disposition, against the earnest solicitations of his father, who
became a party to this agreement between his people and those of
Kintail, started with a strong force to Glenshiel and Letterfearn,
while Allan Macdonald of Lundy with another party went to Glenelchaig,
harried those places, took away a large number of cattle, and killed
some of the aged men, several women, and all the male children. They
found none of the principal and able-bodied men, who had withdrawn
some distance that they might with greater advantage gather together
in a body and defend themselves, except Duncan MacIan Mhic
Ghillechallum in Killichirtorn, whom the enemy apprehended, and would
have killed, had not one of the Macdonalds, formerly his friend and
acquaintance, prevailed upon young Glengarry to save his life, and
send him to the Castle of Strome, where he still had a garrison,
rather than kill him.

The successful result of this expedition encouraged Angus so much
that he began to think fortune had at last turned in his favour,
and he set out and called personally upon all the chief and leaders
of the various branches of the Macdonalds in the west, soliciting
their assistance against the Mackenzies, which they all agreed to
give him in the following spring.

This soon came to Mackenzie's knowledge, who was at the time
residing in Ellandonnan Castle; and fearing the consequences of such
a powerful combination against him, he went privately to Mull by
sea to consult his brother-in-law, Hector Og Maclean of Duart, to
whom he told that he had a commission of fire and sword against
"the rebels of Glengarry and such as would rise in arms to assist
them, and being informed that the Macdonalds near him (Maclean)
had combined to join them, and to put him to further trouble,
that, therefore, he would, not only as a good subject but as his
fast friend, divert these whenever they should rise in arms against
him." [Ardintoul MS.] Maclean undertook to prevent the assistance
of the Clan Ranald of Isla and the Macdonalds of Glencoe and
Ardnamurchan, by, if necessary, invading their territories, and
thus compelling them to protect their own interests at home. It
appears that old Glengarry was still anxious to arrange a permanent
peace with Mackenzie; but his son Angus, restless and turbulent
as ever, would not hear of any peaceful settlement, and determined
to start at once upon an expedition, from which his father told
him at the time he had little hopes of his ever returning alive - a
prediction which turned out only too true.

Angus, taking advantage of Mackenzie's absence in Mull, gathered,
in the latter end of November, as secretly as be could, all the
boats and great galleys within his reach, and, with this large fleet
loaded with his followers passed through the Kyles under silence
of night; and, coming to Lochcarron, he sent his marauders ashore
in the twilight. The inhabitants perceiving them, escaped to the
hills, but the Macdonalds cruelly slaughtered all the aged men
who could not escape, and many of the women and children seized
all the cattle, and drove them to the Island of Slumbay, where
their boats which they filled with the carcases lay. Before,
however, they had fully loaded, the alarm having gone through the
districts of Lochalsh and Kintail, some of the natives of those
districts were seen marching in the direction of Lochcarron. The
Macdonalds deemed it prudent to remain no longer, and set out to
sea pursued by a shower of arrows by way of farewell, which,
however, had little effect upon them, as they were already out of

The Kintail men, by the shortest route, now returned to Ellandonnan,
sending twelve of the swiftest of their number across country to
Inverinate, where lay, newly built, a twelve-oared galley, which
had never been to sea, belonging to Gillecriost MacDhonnchaidh, one
of Inverinate's tenants. These heroes made such rapid progress
that they were back at the castle with the boat before many of
their companions arrived from Lochcarron. During the night they
set to work, superintended and encouraged by Lady Mackenzie in
person, to make arrangements to go out and meet the enemy. The
best men were quickly picked. The Lady supplied them with all
the materials and necessaries for the journey within her reach,
handed them the lead and powder with her own hands, and gave them
two small pieces of brass ordnance. She ordered Duncan MacGillechriost,
a powerful handsome fellow, to take command of the galley in his
father's absence, and in eloquent terms charged them all with the
honour of her house and her own protection in her husband's absence.
This was hardly necessary, for the Kintail men had not yet forgotten
the breach of faith which had been committed by Macdonald regarding
the recent agreement to cease hostilities for a stated time, and
other recent sores. Her ladyship having wished them God-speed,
they started on their way rejoicing and in the best of spirits.
She mounted the castle walls, and stood there encouraging them
until, by the darkness of the night, she could no longer see them.

On their way towards Kylerhea they met a boat from Lochalsh sent
out to inform them of the enemy's arrival at Kyleakin. Learning
this, they cautiously kept their course close to the south side of
the loch. It was a calm moonlight night, with occasional slight
showers of snow. The tide had already begun to flow, and, judging
that the Macdonalds would await the next turning of the tide to
enable them to get through Kylerhea, the Kintail men, longing for
their prey, resolved to advance and meet them. They had not
proceeded far, rowing very gently, after placing seaweed in the
rowlocks so as not to make a noise, when they noticed a boat, rowing
at the hardest, coming in their direction; but from its small size
they thought it must have been sent by the Macdonalds in advance to
test the passage of Kylerhea. They therefore allowed it to pass
unmolested, and proceeded northward, looking for Macdonald's own
galley. As they neared the Cailleach, a low rock midway between
both Kyles, it was observed in the distance covered with snow. The
night also favoured them, the sea, calm, appearing black and
mournful to the enemy. Here they met Macdonald's first galley,
and drawing up near it, they soon discovered it to be no other than
his own great birlinn, some distance ahead of the rest of the fleet.
Macdonald, as soon as he noticed them, called out "Who is there?"
twice in succession, but receiving no answer, and finding the
Kintail men drawing nearer, he called out the third time, when, in
reply, he received a full broadside from Mackenzie's cannon,
which disabled his galley and threw her on the Cailleach Rock.

The men on board Macdonald's galley thought they had been driven
on shore, and flocked to the fore part of the boat, striving to
escape, thus capsizing and filling the birlinn. Discovering their
position, and seeing a long stretch of sea lying between them and
the mainland, they became quite confused, and were completely at
the mercy of their enemies, who sent some of their men ashore to
despatch any of the poor wretches who might swim ashore, while
others remained in their boat killing and drowning the Macdonalds.
Such of them as managed to reach the land were also killed or
drowned by those of the Kintail men who went ashore, not a soul out
of the sixty men on board the galley having escaped except Angus
Macdonald himself still breathing, though he had been wounded twice
in the head and once in the body. He was yet alive when they took
him aboard their galley, but he died before morning. Hearing the
uproar, several of the Lochalsh people went out with all speed in
two small boats, under command of Dugall Mac Mhurchaidh Matthewson,
to take part in the fray; but by the time they arrived at the
scene of action few of Macdonald's followers were alive. Thus
ended the career of Angus, younger of Glengarry, a chief to whom
his followers looked up, and whom they justly regarded as a bold
and intrepid leader, though deficient in prudence and strategy.

The remainder of Macdonald's fleet, to the number of twenty-one,
following behind his own galley, having heard the uproar, returned
to Kyleakin in such terror and confusion that each thought his
nearest neighbour was pursuing him. Landing in Strathardale,
they left their boats "and their ill-cooked beef to these hungry
gentlemen," and before they slept they arrived in Sleat, from
whence they were sent across to the mainland in the small boats
of the laird.

The great concern and anxiety of her ladyship of Ellandonnan can
be easily conceived, for all that she had yet learnt was the simple
fact that an engagement of some kind had taken place, and this she
only knew from having heard the sound of cannon during the night.
Early in the morning she noticed her protectors returning with
their birlinn, accompanied by another great galley. This brightened
her hopes, and going down to the shore to meet them, she heartily
saluted them, and asked if all had gone well with them. "Yea,
Madam," answered their leader, Duncan MacGillechriost, "we have
brought you a new guest, without the loss of a single man, whom
we hope is welcome to your ladyship." She looked into the galley,
and at once recognising the body of Angus of Glengarry, she ordered
it to be carried ashore and properly attended to. The men proposed
that he should be buried in the tomb of his predecessors, "Cnoc nan
Aingeal," in Lochalsh; but this she objected to, observing that,
if he could, her husband would never allow a Macdonald, dead or
alive, any further possession in that locality, at the same time
ordering young Glengarry to be buried with her own children,
and such other children of the predecessors of the Mackenzies of
Kintail as were buried in Kilduich, saying that she considered it
no disparagement for him to be buried with such cousins; and if
it were her own fate to die in Kintail, she would desire to be
interred amongst them. The proposal was agreed to, and everything
having been got ready suitable for the funeral of a gentleman of
his rank-such as the place could afford in the circumstances-he
was buried next day in Kilduich, in the same tomb as Mackenzie's
own children. This is not the most generally received account
regarding Angus Macdonald's burial; but we are glad, for the credit
of our common humanity, to find the following conclusive testimony
in an imperfect but excellently written MS. of the seventeenth
century, otherwise remarkably correct and trustworthy: "Some person,
out of what reason I cannot tell, will needs affirm he was buried in
the church door, as men go out and in, which to my certain knowledge
is a malicious lie, for with my very eyes I have seen his head raised
out of the same grave and returned again, wherein there was two
small cuts, noways deep." [Ancient MS.]

The author of the Ardintoul MS. informs us that MacLean had actually
invaded Ardnamurchan, and carried fire and sword into that and the
adjoining territory of the Macdonalds, whereupon the Earl of Argyll,
who claimed the Macdonalds of those districts as his vassals and
dependants, obtained criminal letters against MacLean, who, finding
this, sent for his brother-in-law, Mackenzie of Kintail, at whose
request he had invaded the country of the Macdonalds. Both started
for Inveraray. The Earl seemed most determined to punish MacLean,
but Mackenzie informed him that "he should rather be blamed for
it than MacLean, and the King and Council than either of them,
for he having obtained, upon good grounds, a commission of fire
and sword against Glengarry and such as would assist him, and
against these men's rebellious and wicked courses, which frequently
his lordship seemed to own, that he did charge, as he did several
others of the king's loyal subjects, MacLean to assist him." So
that, if Maclean was to be punished for acting as his friend and
as a loyal subject, he hoped to obtain a hearing before the King
and Council under whose orders he acted. After considerable
discussion they parted good friends, Argyll having agreed not
to molest MacLean any further. Mackenzie and MacLean returned
to Duart, where his lordship was warmly received and sumptuously
entertained by MacLean's immediate friends and kinsmen for the
service which he had just rendered to their chief. While thus
engaged, a messenger arrived at the castle from Mackenzie's lady
and the Kintail men.

After the funeral of young Angus of Glengarry, she became concerned
about her husband's safe return, and was at the same time most
anxious that he should be advised of the state of matters at home.
She therefore despatched Robert Mac Dhomh'uill Uidhir to arrange the
safest plan for bringing her lord safely home, as the Macdonalds
were still prowling among the creeks and bays further south.
Robert, after the interchange of unimportant preliminaries, on his
arrival in Mull, informed his master of all that had taken place
during his absence. MacLean, surprised to hear of such gallant
conduct by the Kintail men in the absence of their chief, asked
Mackenzie if any of his own kinsmen were amongst them, and being
informed they were not, Maclean replied, "It was a great and
audacious deed to be done by fellows." "Truly, MacLean," returned
Mackenzie, "they were not fellows that were there, but prime
gentlemen, and such fellows as would act the enterprise better
than myself and kinsmen." "You have very great reason to make
the more of them," said Maclean; "he is a happy superior who has
such a following." Both chiefs then went outside to consult as
to the best and safest means for Mackenzie's homeward journey.
MacLean offered him all his chief and best men to accompany him
by land, but this he declined, saying that he would not put his
friend to such inconvenience, and would return home in his own boat
just as he came; but he was ultimately persuaded to take MacLean's
great galley, his own being only a small one. He sailed in
his friend's great birlinn, under the command of the Captain of
Cairnburgh, accompanied by several other gentlemen of the MacLeans.

In the meantime, the Macdonalds, aware that Mackenzie had not yet
returned from Mull, "convened all the boats and galleys they could,
to a certain island which lay in his course, and which he could
not avoid passing. So, coming within sight of the island, having
a good prospect of a number of boats, after they bad ebbed in
a certain harbour, and men also making ready to set out to sea.
This occasioned the captain to use a stratagem, and steer directly
to the harbour, and still as they came forward he caused lower the
sail, which the other party perceiving made them forbear putting
out their boats, persuading themselves that it was a galley they
expected from Ardnamurchan, but they had no sooner come forgainst
the harbour but the captain caused hoist sail, set oars and steers
aside, immediately bangs up a bagpiper and gives them shots. The
rest, finding the cheat and their own mistake, made such a
hurly-burly setting out their boats, with their haste they broke
some of them, and some of themselves were bruised and bad broken
shins also for their prey, and such as went out whole, perceiving
the galley so far off; thought it was folly to pursue her any
further, they all returned wiser than they came from home. This is,
notwithstanding other men's reports, the true and real narration of
Glengarrie Younger his progress, of the Kintail men their meeting
him in Kyle Rhea, of my lord's coming from Mull, and of the whole
success, which I have heard verbatim not only from one but from
several that were present at their actings." [Ancient MS. The
authors of the Letterfearn and Ardintoul MSS. give substantially
the same account, and say that among those who accompanied Mackenzie
to Mull, was "Rory Beg Mackenzie, son to Rory More of Achiglunichan.
Fairburn and Achilty's predecessor, and who afterwards died parson
of Contine, from whom my author had the full account of Mackenzie's
voyage to Mull."]

Mackenzie arrived at Ellandonnan late at night, where he found his
lady still entertaining her brave Kintail men after their return
from Glengarry's funeral. While not a little concerned about the
death of his troublesome relative, he heartily congratulated his
gallant retainers on the manner in which they had protected his
interests during his absence. Certain that the Macdonalds would
never rest satisfied until they wiped out and revenged the death of
their leader, Mackenzie determined to drive them out of the district
altogether. The castle of Strome still in possession of Glengarry,
was the greatest obstacle in carrying out this resolution, for it
was a good and convenient asylum for the Macdonalds when pursued by
Mackenzie and his followers; but he ultimately succeeded in wresting
it from them.

The following account is given in the Ancient MS. of how it was
taken from them: "In the spring of the following year, Lord Kintail
gathered together considerable forces and besieged the castle of
Strone in Lochcarron, which at first held out very manfully, and
would not surrender, though several terms were offered, which he
(Mackenzie) finding not willing to lose his men, resolved to raise
the siege for a time; but the defenders were so unfortunate as to
have their powder damaged by the women they had within. Having
sent them out by silence of night to draw in water, out of a well
that lay just at the entrance of the castle, the silly women were
in such fear, and the room they brought the water into being so
dark for want of light, when they came in they poured the water
into a vat, missing the right one, wherein the few barrels of
powder they had lay. And in the morning, when the men came for
more powder, having exhausted the supply of the previous day, they
found the barrels of powder floating in the vat; so they began
to rail and abuse the poor women, which the fore-mentioned Duncan
Mac Ian Mhic Gilliechallum, still a prisoner in the castle, hearing,
as he was at liberty through the house, having promised and made
solemn oath that he would never come out of the door until he was
ransomed or otherwise relieved." This he was obliged to do to
save his life. But having discovered the accident which befel the
powder, he accompanied his keepers to the ramparts of the castle,
when he noticed his country men packing up their baggage as if
intending to raise the siege. Duncan instantly threw his plaid
over the head of the man that stood next to him, and jumped over
the wall on to a large dung heap that stood immediately below.
He was a little stunned, but instantly recovering himself, flew
with the fleetness of a deer to Mackenzie's camp, and informed
his chief of the state of matters within the stronghold. Kintail
renewed the siege and brought his scaling ladders nearer the
castle. The defenders seeing this, and knowing that their mishap
and consequent plight had been disclosed by Duncan to the enemy,
they offered to yield up the castle on condition that their lives
would be spared, and that they he allowed to carry away their
baggage. This was readily granted them, and "my lord caused
presently blow up the house with powder, which remains there in
heaps to this day. He lost only but two Kenlochewe men at the
siege. Andrew Munro of Teannouher (Novar) was wounded, with two
or three others, and so dissolved the camp." [Ardintoul MS.]
Another writer says - "The rooms are to be seen yet. It stood
on a high rock, which extended in the midst of a little bay of
the sea westward, which made a harbour or safe port for great
boats or vessels of no great burden, on either side of the castle.
It was a very convenient place for Alexander Mac Gillespick to
dwell in when he had both the countries of Lochalsh and
Lochcarron, standing on the very march between both."

A considerable portion of the walls is still (1893) standing, but
no trace of the apartments. The sea must have receded many feet
since it was in its glory; for now it barely touches the base of
the rock on which the ruin stands. We have repeatedly examined
it, and with mixed feelings ruminated upon its past history, and
what its ruined walls, could they only speak, might bear witness

In the following year (1603) the chief of Glengarry Donald
Gruamach having died, and the heir being still under age, the
Macdonalds, under Donald's cousin, Allan Dubh MacRanuil of Lundy,
made an incursion into the country of Mackenzie in Brae Ross,
plundered the lands of Cillechriost, and ferociously set fire
to the church during divine service, when full of men, women,
and children, while Glengarry's piper marched round the building
cruelly mocking the heartrending wails of the burning women and
children, playing the well-known pibroch, which has been known
ever since by the name of "Cillechriost," as the family tune of the
Macdonalds of Glengarry. "Some of the Macdonalds chiefly concerned
in this inhuman outrage were afterwards killed by the Mackenzies;
but it is somewhat startling to reflect that this terrible instance
of private vengeance should have occurred in the commencement
of the seventeenth century, without, so far as we can trace, any
public notice being taken of such an enormity. In the end the
disputes between the chiefs of Glengarry and Kintail were amicably
settled by an arrangement which gave the Ross-shire lands, so long
the subject of dispute, entirely to Mackenzie; and the hard terms
to which Glengarry was obliged to submit in the private quarrel seem
to have formed the only punishment inflicted on this clan for the
cold-blooded atrocity displayed in the memorable raid on Kilchrist."
[Gregory, pp. 302-3.]

Eventually Mackenzie succeeded in obtaining a crown charter to
the disputed districts of Lochalsh, Lochcarron, and others, dated
1607; and the Macdonalds having now lost the three ablest of their
leaders, Donald's successor, his second son, Alexander, considered
it prudent to seek peace with Mackenzie. This was, after some
negotiation, agreed to, and a day appointed for a final settlement.

In the meantime, Kintail sent for twenty-four of his ablest men in
Kintail and Lochalsh, and took them, along with the best of his
own kinsmen, to Baile Chaisteil (now Grantown), where his uncle
Grant of Grant resided, with the view to purchase from him a
heavy and long-standing claim which he held against Glengarry for
depredations committed on Grant's neighbouring territories in
Glenmoriston and Glen-Urquhart. Grant was unwilling to sell, but
ultimately, on the persuasion of mutual friends, he offered to
take thirty thousand merks for his claim. Mackenzie's kinsmen and
friends from the West were meanwhile lodged in a great kiln in the
neighbourhood, amusing themselves with some of Grant's men who went
to the kiln to keep them company. Kintail sent a messenger to the
kiln to consult his people as to whether he would give such a large
amount for Grants "comprising" against Glengarry. The messenger was
patiently listened to until he had finished, when he was told to go
back and tell Grant and Mackenzie, that had they not entertained
great hopes that their chief would "give that paper as a gift to his
nephew after all his trouble," he would not have been allowed to
cross the Ferry of Ardersier; for they would like to know where he
could find such a large sum, unless he intended to harry them and
his other friends, who had already suffered quite enough in the wars
with Glengarry; and, so saying, they took to their arms, and desired
the messenger to tell Mackenzie that they wished him to leave the
paper where it was. And if he desired to have it, they would sooner
venture their own persons and those of the friends they had left at
home to secure it by force, than give a sum which would probably be
more difficult to procure than to dispossess Glengarry altogether by
their doughty arms. They then left the kiln, and sent one of their
own number for their chief, who, on arriving, was strongly abused
for entertaining such an extravagant proposal and requested to leave
the place at once. This he consented to do, and went to inform
Grant that his friends would not hear of his giving such a large
sum, and that he preferred to dispense with the claim against
Glengarry altogether rather than lose the goodwill and friendship of
his retainers, who had so often endangered their lives and fortunes
in his quarrels. Meanwhile, one of the Grants who had been in the
kiln communicated to his master the nature of the conversation
which had there passed when the price asked by Grant was mentioned
to the followers of Mackenzie. This made such an impression upon
Grant and his advisers, that he prevailed upon Mackenzie, who was
about starting for home, to remain in the castle for another night.
To this Kintail consented, and before morning he obtained the
"paper" for ten thousand merks - a third of the sum originally
asked for it. "Such familiar relationship of the chief with his
people," our authority says, "may now-a-days be thought fabulous;
but whoever considers the unity, correspondence, and amity that was
so well kept and entertained betwixt superiors and their followers
and vassals in former ages, besides as it is now-a-days, he need not
think it so; and I may truly say that there was no clan in the
Highlands of Scotland that would compete with the Mackenzies, their
vassals and followers, as to that; and it is sure their superiors
in former times would not grant their daughters in marriage without
their consent. Nor durst the meanest of them, on the other hand,
give theirs to any stranger without the superior's consent; and I
heard in Earl Colin's time of a Kintail man that gave his daughter
in marriage to a gentleman in a neighbouring country without the
Earl's consent, who never after had kindness for the giver, and,
I may say, is yet the blackest marriage for that country, and others
also, that ever was among their commons. But it may be objected
that now-a-days their commons advice or consent in any matter of
consequence is not so requisite, whereas there are many substantial
friends to advise with; but its an old Scots phrase, 'A king's
advice may fall from a fool's head.' I confess that is true where
friends are real friends, but we ordinarily find, and partly know
by experience, that, where friends or kinsmen become great and
rich in interest, they readily become emulous, and will ordinarily
advise for themselves if in the least it may hinder them from
becoming a chief or head of a family, and forget their former
headship, which was one of the greatest faults, as also the ruin
of Munro of Miltown, whereas a common man will never eye to become
a chief so long as he is in that state, and therefore will advise
his chief or superior the more freely." What a change in the
relationship between the chiefs and clansmen of to-day!

Sir William Fraser, who quotes the foregoing narrative from the
former edition of this work, says that John Grant, fifth of
Freuchie, in whose time this incident is said to have occurred,
was not "uncle" but cousin to Kenneth Mackenzie of Kintail. But
he adds that the "story is so far corroborated by the fact that
about the time the incident is said to have happened, the young
Chief of Kintail granted a receipt to the laird of Freuchie for
the charter of comprising, granted on 4th May, 1548, to James Grant
of Freuchie, which, with relative papers, was now handed over to
Mackenzie, in terms of a disposition by the Laird to him of lands
in Kessoryne, Lochalsh, Lochcarron, etc." The original discharge,
dated 1st May, 1606, Sir William says, is at Castle Grant. ["Chiefs
of Grant," vol. i. p. 178.] A bond of manrent is entered into
between Grant and Mackenzie on the same date, at Inverness.

The day appointed for the meeting of Mackenzie and Glengarry to
arrange terms soon arrived. The former had meanwhile brought up
several decrees and claims against the latter at the instance of
neighbouring proprietors, for "cost, skaith and damage," which
altogether amounted to a greater sum than the whole of Macdonald's
lands were worth. The two, however, settled their disputes by an
arrangement which secured absolutely to Mackenzie all Glengarry's
lands in the county of Ross, and the superiority of all his
other possessions, but Glengarry was to hold the latter, paying
Mackenzie a small feu as superior. In consideration of these
humiliating concessions by Macdonald, Mackenzie agreed to pay
twenty thousand merks Scots, and thus ended for ever the ancient
quarrels which had existed for centuries between the powerful families
of Glengarry and Kintail. "Thus ended the most of Glengarrie's
troubles tho' there was severall other bloody skirmishes betwixt
ym-such as the taking of the Stank house in Knoidart, where there
was severalls burnt and killed by that stratagem; as also young
Glengarrie's burning and harrying of Croe in Kintail, where there
was but few men killed, yet severall women and children were both
burned and killed. I cannot forget ane pretty fellow that was
killed there, who went himself and three or four women to ane
outsett in the Croe, where there was a barn (as being more remote),
where they sleept yt night. But in the morning the breaking of
the dore was their wakening, whereupon the man, (called Patrick
McConochy Chyle) started and finding them about the barn, bad them
leave of and he would open it. So, getting his bow and arrow, he
opens the door, killed 4 of them there, (before) they took nottice
of him, which made them all hold off. In end they fires the barn
and surrounds it, which he finding still, started out, and as he
did he still killed one of them, till he had killed 11. The barn
in end almost consumed and his arrows spent, he took him to his
heels, but was killed by them, and two of the women, the third
having stayed in the reek of the barn, and a rough hide about her."
[Ancient MS.]

On the 18th of July, 1610, Lord Kenneth made over to Sir Roderick
Mor Macleod, XIII. of Dunvegan, the five unciate lands of Waternish,
which his lordship had previously purchased from Sir George Hay
and others, who obtained possession of them on the forfeiture of
the Macleods of Lewis, to whom Waternish formerly belonged. As
part payment, Sir Roderick Mor Macleod disponed to Mackenzie two
unciates of lands in Troternish, Isle of Skye, which belonged to
him, along with the Bailliary of the old extent of eight merks
which had been united to the Barony of Lewis, and in which William
Macleod, XII. of Dunvegan, had been served heir to his father in
1585. On the 24th of the same month the Lords of the Privy Council
ordain that Lord Kintail should pay Norman Macleod's expenses in
prison in all time coming.

Kenneth, first Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, to quote the Earl
of Cromarty, "was truly of an heroic temper, but of a spirit too
great for his estates, perhaps for his country, yet bounded by
his station, so as he (his father) resolved to seek employment
for him abroad; but no sooner had he gone to France, but Glengarry
most outrageously, without any cause, and against all equity
and law convocates multitudes of people and invades his estates,
sacking, burning, and destroying all. Kenneth's friends sent John
Mackenzie of Tollie to inform him of these wrongs, whereupon he
made a speedy return to an affair so urgent, and so suitable to
his genius, for as he never offered wrong so he never suffered
any. His heat did not overwhelm his wit, for he took a legal
procedure, obtained a commission of fire and sword against Glengarry
and his complices, which he prosecuted so bravely as in a short
time by himself and his brother he soon forced them to retreat
from his lands, and following them to their own bills, he soon
dissipated and destroyed them, that young Glengarry and many
others of their boldest and most outrageous were killed, and the
rest forced to shelter themselves amongst the other Macdonalds
in the islands and remote Highlands, leaving all their estates to
Kenneth's disposal. This tribe of the Clan Ranald seem to have
been too barbarous for even those lawless times, while by a strange
contumacy in latter times, a representative of that ancient family
pertinaciously continued to proclaim its infamy and downfall by the
adherence to the wild strain of bagpipe music (their family pibroch
called Cillechriost), at once indicative of its shame and submission.
Kenneth's character and policies were of a higher order, and in
the result he was everywhere the gainer by them." He was
supported by Murdoch Mackenzie, II. of Redcastle; and by his own
brothers - Sir Roderick Mackenzie of Coigeach, Alexander of Coul,
and Alexander of Kilcoy, all men of more than ordinary
intelligence and intrepidity.

Lord Kenneth married, first, Ann, daughter of George Ross, IX. of
Balnagown, with issue -

I. Colin Ruadh, his successor, afterwards created first Earl of

II. John of Lochslinn, who married Isobel, eldest daughter of
Alexander Mackenzie, V. of Gairloch, and died without lawful male

III. Kenneth, who died unmarried.

IV. Barbara, who married Donald, Lord Reay.

V. Janet, who married Sir Donald Macdonald, VIII. of Sleat,
Baronet, with issue, his heir and successor, and others.

Kenneth married, secondly, Isobel, daughter of Sir Gilbert Ogilvie
of Powrie, by whom he had -

VI. Alexander, who died without issue.

VII. George, who afterwards succeeded Colin as second Earl
of Seaforth.

VIII. Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine, whose male line has been
proved extinct.

IX. Simon Mackenzie of Lochslinn. Simon was twice married and
left a numerous offspring, who will afterwards be more particularly
referred to, his descendants having since the death of "the Last
of the Seaforths" in 1815, without surviving male issue, carried
on the male representation of the ancient family of Kintail.

X. Sibella, who married,, first, John Macleod, XIV. of Harris;
secondly, Alexander Fraser, Tutor of Lovat; and thirdly, Patrick
Grant, Tutor of Grant, second son of Sir John Grant of Freuchie.

He died in February, 1611, in the forty-second year of his age; was
buried "with great triumph" at Chanonry, ["As is proved by an old
MS. record kept by the Kirk Session of Inverness, wherein is this
entry: 'Upon the penult day of February 1611 My Lord Mackenzie died
in the Chanonrie of Ross and was buried 28th April anno foresaid
in the Chanonrie Kirk with great triumph.'" - "Allangrange Service"]
and was succeeded by his second and eldest surviving son,


years old when his father died. On the 16th of July, 1611, a Royal
precept is issued under the Signet to the Sheriff of Inverness
directing him to have all brieves of inquest obtained by Colin,
Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, for serving him nearest and lawful
heir to the late Kenneth Mackenzie, Lord of Kintail, his father,
in all lands and annual-rents wherein his father died, last vested
and seased, proclaimed and put to the knowledge of an inquest,
notwithstanding the minority of the said Colin, "whereupon we
have dispensed and by these present dispense" with that objection,
providing always that the dispensation be not prejudicial to the
donator of the ward of the said late Kenneth's lands in the matter
of the mails, fermes, and duties of the same during the time of
the ward thereof.

On the 16th of August, 1611, a proclamation is issued to the Highland
chiefs, following upon one granted to Sir Roderick Mackenzie of
Coigeach, as Tutor of Kintail, and four other leaders of the clan,
on the 11th of June preceding, against assisting Neil Macleod and
the other rebels of the Lewis, who had risen in arms against the
Tutor, in the following terms:

Forasmuch as the barbarous and rebellious thieves and limmers of
the Lewis, who have been suppressed and in some measure kept in
subjection and obedience these years bygone, taking new breath and
courage upon occasion of the decease of Kenneth, Lord Kintail, who
was his Majesty's justice and commissioner in these bounds, they
have now of late risen in arms in a professed and avowed rebellion
against the Tutor of Kintail, whom his Majesty and his Council have
authorised and constituted in that place of justiciary possessed
by his deceased brother within the Lewis, and intend, with their
whole power and force, not only to withstand and resist the said
Tutor of Kintail in the advancement of his Majesty's authority
and service within the Lewis, but to prosecute himself and his
Majesty's good subjects attending upon him with all hostility -
wherein they presume of farther backing and assistance, upon some
foolish apprehension that the clansmen of the Isles who have given
their obedience to his Majesty, and now stands under his Majesty's
good grace, shall make shipwreck of their faith, credit, and promised
obedience, and join with them in their detestable rebellion.
And although his Majesty, in the sincerity of his royal heart,
cannot apprehend any such disloyalty or treachery in the person of
the clansmen of the Isles, who have had so large a proof of his
Majesty's clemency, benignity, and favour, that now, so unworthily
and unnecessarily, they will reject his Majesty's favour, and, to
the inevitable hazard and peril of their estates, join with these
miserable miscreants in their rebellion yet to take away all
pretext of excuse from them, and to make them the more inexcusable
if wilfully, traitorously, and maliciously they will suffer
themselves to be carried in such an imminent danger, the King's
Majesty and Lords of Secret Council ordain letters to be directed
to command, charge, and inhibit all and sundry, the inhabitants
of the Isles and continent next adjacent, namely Donald Macdonald
Gorm of Sleat, Roderick Macleod of Dunvegan, called Macleod of
Harris, Hugh Mackay of Farr, Mackay his son and apparent heir,
and MacNeill of Barra, that none of them presume or take upon
hand, under whatsoever colour or pretence, to concur, fortify, or
assist the said rebellious thieves and limmers of the Lewis, nor
to intercommune or join with them, supply them with men, victual,
powder, bullets, or any other thing consortable unto them, nor to
show them any kind of protection, consort, countenance, reset or
supply, under the pain to be reputed, held, and esteemed as art
and partakers with them in their rebellion, and to be pursued and
punished for the same, as traitors to his Majesty and his country,
with all vigour.

On the 28th of May, 1612, a commission, apparently first granted
to those named in it on the 11th of June, 1611, but of which the
original is not given in the published Records of the Privy Council,
"almost expired" at the first-named date, and was renewed to the
same persons - the Tutor of Kintail, Colin Mackenzie of Killin,
Murdo Mackenzie of Kernsary, Alexander Mackenzie of Coul, and
Kenneth Mackenzie of Darochmaluag. It is to the same effect as and
in almost identical terms with the commission issued in favour of
Kenneth, Lord Kintail, on the 19th of July, 1610 (given at length
at pp. 193-94), and it confers full powers on the Tutor and his
colleagues for the pursuit and apprehension of Neil Macleod and his
fellow rebels in the Lewis.

A complaint is made on the 4th of March, 1613, by Sir William
Oliphant, the King's Advocate, that all the chieftains and principal
men of the Isles and mainland next adjacent having made their
submission to his Majesty, "there only resteth Neil Macleod,
called the Traitor, rebellious and disobedient." His accomplices
are given as Malcolm Mac Rory MacLeod William Mac Rory Macleod,
his brother, John Dubh Mac Angus Mac Gillemhichell, Gillecallum Mac
Ian Mhic-ant-Sagairt, Murdo and Donald Mac Ian Mhic-an-t-Sagairt,
Donald and Rory, sons to Neil Macleod, and Donald Mac Ian Duibh -
the Brieve. They are stated to have maintained open rebellion in the
Lewis for some years past, "but after their strength and starting
hoill," called Berissay, had been attacked by the Tutor of Kintail
and others in the King's name they fled to the bounds and country
of Donald Mac Allan of Ellantirrim, where they were received and
supplied by him and several others, whose names are given, "despite
the proclamation of the commission against the resett of rebels made
at Inverness," some time before. The resetters, to the number of
nine, are denounced rebels and at the born.

At a meeting of the Council held on the 28th of April Roderick
Macleod of Harris is charged to deliver up to the Tutor of Kintail
within twenty days after the charge five of Neil Macleod's accomplices
who had been apprehended by Roderick's brother Alexander. These
are Malcolm and William, "sons to the late Neil Macleod, called
the Traitor," Murdo Mac Ian Mhic-an-t-Sagairt, Malcolm Mac Ian
Mhic-an-t-Sagairt, and Donald Mac Angus, "who were the chief actors
and ringleaders in all the treasonable and rebellious attempts
committed and perpetrated upon his Majesty's peaceable and good
subjects within the Lewis these divers years bygone.

On the 20th of May a commission is issued in favour of the Tutor,
Roderick MacLeod of Dunvegan and Harris, and John Grant of Grant,
for the apprehension of Allan Mac Allaster, in Kilchoan, Knoydart,
and several others of his relatives, for the murder of Ronald
Mac Angus Gearr, and also, at the instance of Donald Mac Angus of
Glengarry, for not finding caution to appear before the Justice
for going by night armed with "daggs and pistolletts" to the lands
of Laggan Achadrom in Glengarry, and setting fire to the houses
there and destroying them with all their plenishing. They are
afterwards apprehended, and on the 8th of February, 1614, a commission
to try them is issued in favour of the Sheriff of Inverness and
his deputies. In the meantime they are lodged in the tolbooth of
that town.

The Tutor must have become responsible for Donald Gorm Macdonald,
for on the 3rd of June, 1613, there is an entry declaring that "in
respect of the personal compearance of Donald Gorm of Sleat" before
the Privy Council their Lordships "exoner and relieve Rory Mackenzie
of Coigeach of the acts" whereby he became acted for the entry of
Macdonald before them on the last Council day of May preceding,
and he is declared "free of said acts in all time coming." On
the 24th of the same month a commission is issued to Roderick, Mr
Colin Mackenzie of Killin, Murdo Mackenzie of Kernsary, Alexander
Mackenzie of Coul, and Kenneth Mackenzie of Davochmaluag, to pass
to the Lewis and apprehend Roderick and Donald Macleod, sons of
Neil who had been executed at Edinburgh in the preceding April;
William and Roderick Macleod, brothers of Malcolm, son of Rory
Macleod, sometime of the Lewis; Donald Mac Ian Duibh - the Brieve,
Murdo Mac Angus Mhic-an-t-Sagairt, Donald, his brother, Gillecallum
Caogach Mac-an-t-Sagairt, John Dubh Mac Angus Mac Gillemhichell,
Murdo Mac Torquil Blair, John Roy and Norman, sons of Torquil
Blair, Donald Mac Neill Mhic Finlay, Gillecallum Mac Allan Mhic
Finlay, and Donald Mac Dhomhnuill Mac Gillechallum, "actors in
the first rebellion in the Lewis against the gentlemen venturers,"
all of whom bad been denounced as rebels on the 2nd of February
the same year. This commission is renewed for twelve months on

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