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Hardy Ornamental Flowering Trees and Shrubs by A. D. Webster

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succeeded by black berries.

V. MACROCEPHALUM (_syn V. Fortunei_).--China, 1844. This is a Chinese
species, but one that cannot be depended on as hardy enough to withstand
our most severe winters. It has very large heads or panicles of white
neutral flowers. Against a sunny wall and in a cosy nook it may
occasionally be found doing fairly well, but it is not to be generally
recommended.

V. NUDUM.--American Withe Rod. Canada to Georgia, 1752. This is also
worthy of being included in a selection of these shrubs.

V. OPULUS.--Guelder Rose. A native shrub of great beauty, whether in
foliage, flower, or fruit. The leaves are variously lobed or deeply
toothed, large and handsome, and the flower heads of good size, flat,
and composed of a number of small flowers, the outer only being sterile.
Individually the flowers are dull and inconspicuous, but being produced
in amazing quantity, they have a very pleasing and effective appearance.
The great bunches of clear pinky berries render a fair-sized plant
particularly handsome and attractive, and for which alone, as also
beauty of autumnal foliage, the shrub is well worthy of extensive
culture. It grows fully 15 feet high, and may frequently be seen as much
through. V. Opulus sterilis (Snowball Tree) is one of the commonest
occupants of our shrubberies, and a decidedly ornamental-flowering
shrub. The large, almost globular flower heads hanging from every branch
tip, are too well-known to require description, and have made the shrub
one of the most popular in ornamental planting.

V. PAUCIFLORUM is a native of cold, moist woods from Labrador to Alaska,
and may best be described as a miniature V. Opulus. It rarely grows more
than 4 feet high, with small cymes of flowers, that are devoid of the
neutral flowers of that species.

V. PLICATUM, from Japan 1846, is another very beautiful and desirable
shrub, of rather dwarf, spreading growth, and having the leaves deeply
wrinkled, plaited, and serrated on the margins. The flowers resemble
those of the commonly cultivated species, but they are rather larger,
and of a purer white. It is a decidedly ornamental species of easy
growth in any good soil, and where not exposed to cold winds.

V. PRUNIFOLIUM, New England to Carolina, 1731, with Plum-like leaves,
and pretty white flowers, is another free-growing and beautiful North
American species.

V. PYRIFOLIUM.--Pear-leaved Viburnum. Pennsylvania to New Jersey, 1812.
This is a rarely-seen, but very ornamental species, with oval-shaped,
finely-toothed leaves, that are borne on short, slightly-winged stalks
about half-an-inch long. Flowers sweetly scented, white, and in broad
corymbs, the feathery appearance of the long, projecting stamens, each
tipped with a golden anther, adding considerably to the beauty of the
flowers.

V. RETICULATUM and V. LAEVIGATUM are rarely seen species, but of interest
botanically, if not for floral beauty.

V. TINUS.--Laurustinus. South Europe, 1596. So commonly cultivated a
shrub needs no description here, sufficient to say that the handsome
evergreen foliage and pretty pinky-white flowers assign to it a first
position amongst hardy ornamental flowering shrubs, V. Tinus strictum
has darker foliage than the species, is more upright, rather more hardy,
but not so profuse in the bearing of flowers. V. Tinus lucidum
(Glossy-leaved Laurustinus), of the several varieties of Laurustinus has
the largest foliage, finest flowers, and altogether is of the most
robust growth. It is, unfortunately, not very hardy, probably in that
respect not even equalling the parent plant. Usually it does not flower
freely, neither are the flowers produced so early as in the species, but
individually they are much larger. It is of tall growth, and rarely
forms the neat, dense bush, for which the common shrub is so admired. V.
Tinus rotundifolium has rounded leaves; and V. Tinus rotundifolium
variegatum has irregularly variegated leaves.

VINCA.

VINCA MAJOR.--Band-plant, Cut-finger, and Larger Periwinkle. Europe
(Britain). For trailing over tree-stumps or rockwork this pretty
evergreen shrub has a distinctive value, the bright green leaves and
showy deep blue flowers rendering it both conspicuous and ornamental. V.
major elegantissima is a decided variety, the leaves being neatly and
evenly variegated, and making the plant of great value for bank or
rock-work decoration.

V. MINOR.--Lesser Periwinkle. This is of much smaller growth than the
preceding, and differs, too, in not having the leaf-margins ciliated.
The variety V. minor flore-albo has white flowers, those of the normal
plant being pale blue; V. minor flore-pleno differs in having double
blue flowers; V. minor foliis aureis has golden-tinted leaves; and V.
minor foliis argenteis bears silvery mottled and very attractive
foliage.

They are all of simple growth, succeeding well in somewhat shady
situations, and in by no means the richest of soil. As they run about
freely and soon cover an extent of ground they are rendered of great
value for a variety of purposes.

VITEX.

VITEX AGNUS-CASTUS.--Chaste Tree, Hemp Tree, and Monk's Pepper-tree. A
South European shrub (1670), growing from 6 feet to 10 feet high, with
digitate leaves that are almost hoary beneath, and spikes of small
violet flowers. It is not very hardy, although in some of the warmer
parts of southern England and Ireland, fair-sized, healthy-looking
specimens are now and then to be met with. As a wall plant, however, it
succeeds best, and for which purpose, with its neat foliage and pretty
flowers, it is peculiarly suitable.

VITIS.

VITIS HETEROPHYLLA HUMILIFOLIA.--Turquoise-berried Vine. North China and
Japan, 1868. The leaves of this Vine are three to five lobed, and the
small flowers freely produced in slightly branching cymes. The latter
are succeeded by their most interesting and attractive berries, that
ripen in September and October. They are pale china-blue, marked all
over with very dark specks. The stems grow to a height of 4 feet to 8
feet, and should be trained against a wall in a sunny position to ripen
the berries. The plant is perfectly hardy. The variety V. heterophylla
variegata is a dwarf, low-growing plant with variegated leaves, and is
used for pot work, for covering the ground in sub-tropical bedding
designs, and might be used to great advantage for rambling over large
stones in the rock garden.

WISTARIA.

WISTARIA CHINENSIS (_syns W. sinensis, Glycine chinensis_, and _G.
sinensis_).--Chinese Wistaria. China, 1816. This is the only species at
all common in gardens, and by far the handsomest in cultivation. It
justly ranks amongst the most beautiful of hardy climbing shrubs, and is
invaluable as a wall plant, or for clothing the bare stems of sparsely
foliaged trees. The purplish-lilac flowers are produced in long,
drooping racemes in early summer. W. chinensis alba has pretty white
flowers; W. chinensis flore-pleno has not proved very satisfactory, but
when seen at its best, which is, however, but rarely, the double flowers
are both beautiful and showy; W. chinensis variegata has badly
variegated foliage; and W. chinensis macrobotrys is a plant of great
beauty with very long racemes of pale lavender flowers, but they vary a
good deal in colour, those of some plants being almost white. It is a
very desirable variety, and one that when better known is sure to
attract attention.

W. FRUTESCENS (_syns Glycine frutescens_ and _Thyrsanthus
frutescens_).--North America, 1724. This is a very handsome deciduous
climbing species from North America. The flowers, which appear towards
autumn, are bluish purple and fragrant, and borne in erect racemes. It
is quite hardy and equally suitable with the Chinese species for using
as a wall covering. W. frutescens magnifica is an improved form of the
species.

W. JAPONICA.--Japan. A bush-like species bearing white flowers, but it
is rarely seen in cultivation. It is, however, quite hardy, and succeeds
well in the bush state at Kew.

W. MULTIJUGA.--Japan, 1874. Resembles somewhat our commonly-cultivated
species, and has pale purple flowers arranged in long racemes. It is a
very ornamental and desirable species, but the flowers are not borne in
great quantity.

The Wistarias are of simple culture, but succeed best in rather rich
alluvial soil, and where protection from cold winds is provided.

XANTHOCERAS.

XANTHOCERAS SORBIFOLIA.--China, 1870. An extremely pretty flowered and
handsome leaved shrub, but owing to its late introduction is not yet
well known. So far it has proved itself perfectly hardy in this country,
there being specimens at wide distances apart that have stood uninjured
through our past severe winters.

The leaves are pale green, and pinnate, somewhat resembling those of the
Rowan Tree. Flowers five petalled, creamy white, sometimes very slightly
tinged with flesh colour, with a coppery red or violet-purple centre,
and disposed in racemes. When fully expanded they are an inch across,
and somewhat reflexed. It flowers early in April, with the appearance of
the leaves, the blooms being produced in great abundance, in spike-like
clusters fully seven inches long, and succeeded by a small green
Pear-like fruit. This is one of the most distinct and handsome of
recently introduced shrubs, and will, when more widely disseminated, be
largely planted for purely ornamental purposes. It grows from 10 feet to
about 15 feet high.

XANTHORHIZA.

XANTHORHIZA APIIFOLIA.--Yellow-root. Pennsylvania, 1776. A small growing
shrub, with yellow creeping roots, from which suckers are thrown up
profusely. The leaves are irregularly pinnate, and the minute flowers,
which are borne in large, branching spikes, are of a peculiar dark
purple colour. It prefers a cool, moist situation.

YUCCA.

YUCCA FILAMENTOSA.--Silk Grass. North America, 1675. A well-known and
beautiful plant, with numerous leaves arranged in a dense rosette, and
from 1 foot to 2 feet long by 2 inches broad. Flower scape rising to 5
feet or 6 feet in height, and bearing numerous flowers that are each
about 2 inches deep. There is a beautiful variegated form of this
species named Y. filamentosa variegata, and one with much narrower
leaves than the typical species, and known as Y. filamentosa
angustifolia.

Y. GLORIOSA.--The Mound Lily. United States, 1596. This is another
well-known hardy species, with long, sharp-pointed leaves, and a
handsome, much branched scape, of flowers that are each about 2 inches
deep. There are several varieties, differing in colour of foliage,
including Y. gloriosa glaucescens, with decidedly glaucous foliage; Y.
gloriosa superba, with rigid leaves and a shorter and denser flower
scape; and another with variegated leaves. Y. gloriosa recurvifolia is
usually dwarfer in the stem than the type, and more inclined to branch
than the other species, and less rigid, with recurving leaves that are
not so sharp-pointed, The flower panicle is large and very much
branched.

The Yuccas all do well if planted in light loam of good quality.

ZELKOVA.

ZELKOVA ACUMINATA (_syns Z. japonica_ and _Planera acuminata_).--Japan.
This resembles very nearly our common Elm in appearance, and being
perfectly hardy is to be recommended for planting in this country.

Z. CRENATA (_syns Planera crenata_ and _P. Richardi_).--Zelkova Tree.
Western Asia to Mount Caucasus, 1760. This is a handsome, large growing
tree, with oblong deeply-crenated leaves, and small and inconspicuous
flowers. For avenue planting or as a standard specimen this is a
valuable tree, being quite hardy, and of free and quick growth. P.
crenata pendula is a good weeping form, and worthy of culture.

Z. CRETICA.--Crete. A pretty small growing bush or tree of about 20 feet
in height, with crenate, leathery, dark green leaves, which are usually
fully an inch in length. The leaves are hairy, and the twigs, too, are
thickly covered with short grey hairs.

ZAUSCHNERIA.

ZAUSCHNERIA CALIFORNICA.--Californian Fuchsia, or Humming Birds'
Trumpet. California and Mexico, 1847. A small-growing, densely-branched
shrub, with linear-lanceolate silvery pubescent leaves, and bright red
or scarlet tubular flowers, with a long, slender style resembling some
of the Fuchsias. It is a pretty and distinct Alpine shrub, and not being
perfectly hardy should be assigned a rather warm and sheltered position.

ZENOBIA.

ZENOBIA SPECIOSA (_syn Andromeda speciosa_ and _A.
cassinaefolia_).--South United States, 1800. This is a distinct and
pretty hardy species, a native of swampy low-lying districts. It grows
about four feet high, and bears pure white, bell-shaped,
Lily-of-the-Valley like flowers in great abundance during the summer. In
too dry situations it becomes sparse of foliage and unhappy, but grows
and flowers freely in light, peaty soil. Z. speciosa pulverulenta is a
very desirable variety, the whole plant, stems, foliage, and flowers,
being of a pleasing light gray or white colour. Individually the flowers
are larger than those of the species.

_ADDENDA_.

EXOCHORDA.

EXOCHORDA GRANDIFLORA (_syn Spiraea grandiflora_).--North China. This
handsome shrub forms a much branched, spreading bush, about 4 feet to 6
feet high, and flowers abundantly in May. The habit is similar to that
of a shrubby Spiraea, but the pure white flowers are as large as those
of some of the species of Cherry, and quite unlike those of any known
species of Spiraea. The flowers are liable to injury sometimes from late
spring frosts, but the plant itself is quite hardy. As a bush on the
lawn it is nevertheless highly ornamental and desirable.

MYRICARIA.

MYRICARIA GERMANICA.--Europe, Asia, 1582. A tall, somewhat straggling
shrub, very similar to the Tamarisk, with terminal spikes of pink or
rosy flowers, produced freely nearly all the summer. It succeeds well in
this country in sea-side situations, and is often described as a
Tamarisk by gardeners.

TREES SUITABLE FOR PLANTING IN TOWNS.

Acer macrophylla
saccharinum
Aesculus Hippocastanum
rubicunda
Ailanthus glandulosa
Crataegus Oxyacantha
flore-plena
tenacetifolia
Catalpa bignonioides
Cerasus (Prunus), nearly all
Gleditschia triacanthos
Liriodendron tulipiiera
Magnolia acuminata
glauca
Pyrus of sorts
Robinia Pseud-acacia and its varieties
viscosa
Sophora japonica
Tilia, in variet.

SHRUBS FOR TOWN PLANTING.

Amelanchier, in variety
Arbutus Unedo
Berberis Aquifolium
vulgaris
Cistus ladaniferus
laurifolius
Colutea arborescens
Daphne Laureola
Mezereum
pontica
Deutzia crenata
gracilis
Forsythia suspensa
viridissima
Griselinia littoralis
Hibiscus syriacus
Hypericum calycinum
Hypericum nepalense
Koelrenteria paniculata
Leycesteria formosa
Philadelphus Gordonianus
Prunus nana
Pyrus japonica
Rhus Cotinus
Ribes aureum
sanguineum
Skimmia japonica
Syringa (nearly all)
Ulex europaeus fl.-pl.
Viburnum Opulus
Weigelia rosea
Yucca gloriosa
recurva

TREES FOR THE SEASIDE.

Acer campestre
saccharinum
Arbutus Unedo
Ailanthus glandulosa
Aesculus Hippocastanum
rubicunda
Catalpa bignonioides
Fraxinus Ornus

SHRUBS FOR THE SEASIDE.

Atriplex halimus
Cerasus lusitanica
Cytisus Laburnum
scoparius
Euonymus japonicus
europaeus
Fabiana imbricata
Griselinia littoralis
Hippophae rhomnoides
Ilex Aquifolium
Laurus nobilis
Lycium europaeum
Prunus Padus
Rhamnus frangula
Ribes sanguineum
Rosa spinosissima
Shepherdia argentea
Spirea adiantifolia
Syringa persica
vulgaris
Symphoricarpus racemosus
Tamarix gallica
germanica
Ulex europaea
Viburnum Tinus

THE FLOWERING SEASONS OF TREES AND SHRUBS.

_The asterisk * after the name denotes that the species continues in
flower for a longer period than the month under which it is placed_.

JANUARY.

Erica carnea*
Chimonanthus fragrans*
Crataegus Oxyacantha praecox*
Jasminum nudiflorum*
Ulex europaeus*
Viburnum Tinus*

FEBRUARY.

Cornus Mas*
Daphne Laureola*
Mezereum*
Hamamelis japonica
Lonicera fragrantissima*
Magnolia conspicua*
Parrotia persica*
Pittosporum Tobira*
Prunus nana*
Davidiana*
Rosmarinus officinalis*

MARCH.

Arbutus Andrachne*
Berberis japonica*
Erica mediterranea*
Forsythia viridissima*
Garrya elliptica
Magnolia stellata*
Nuttallia cerasiformis*
Prunus Amygdalus*
ilicifolia*
japonica*
spinosa*
triloba*
tomentosa
Rhododendron dahuricum
ledifolium
Skimmia Fortunei
Spiraea Thunbergi*
Xanthoriza apiifolia*

APRIL.

Akebia quinata*
Amelanchier alnifolia
canadensis
vulgaris
Berberis Aquifolium*
Darwinii*
pinnata
vulgaris
Caesalpinia sepiaria
Caragana frutescens
spinosa*
Ceanothus cuneatus*
rigidus*
Clematis cirrhosa*
florida*
Cornus florida
Cytisus scoparius*
Daphne altaica
Blagayana
Cneorum*
Genkwa
sericea
Deutzia gracilis*
Diervilla rosea*
Drimys aromatica
Fothergilla alnifolia*
Fremontia californica
Halesia diptera
tetraptera
Kalmia glauca*
Laburnum vulgare*
Ledum latifolium
palustre
Lonicera Caprifolium*
tatarica*
Magnolia cordata*
Fraseri
Lennei
obovata discolor
Pieris floribunda*
japonica*
Prunus Avium Juliana
cerasifera
cerasifera Pissardii
Cerasus
domestica
divaricata
Mahaleb
maritima
Padus*
paniculata flore-pleno
Puddum*
sinensis
Pyrus angustifolia
baccata*
floribunda*
japonica Maulei
Pyrus prunifolia*
rivularis*
sinica
vestita
Rhododendron campanulatum
Rhodora*
Rhodotypos kerrioides
Ribes aureum*
cereum
floridum*
sanguineum
Rosa indica*
Sambucus racemosa*
Skimmia japonica
Laureola
Spiraea prunifolia
Stuartia virginica*
Syringa Emodi
Xanthoceras sorbifolia

MAY.

Abelia triflora*
Aesculus glabra
Hippocastanum
Arbutus Menziesii
Berberis aristata*
Bealei
empetrifolia
sinensis
trifoliolata
Wallichiana
Calycanthus floridus*
Caragana arborescens
microphylla
Ceanothus dentatus*
Cercis canadensis
Siliquastrum
Chionanthus retusa
virginica
Citrus trifoliata
Cladrastis tinctoria
Clematis alpina*
montana*
Cornus canadensis
stolonifera
Coronilla Emerus*
Crataegus Azarolus
Azarolus Aronia
coccinea
cordata*
Crus-galli
Douglasii
Oxyacantha*
parvifolia
Pyracantha
tenacetifolia
Cytisus albus*
albus incarnate*
biflorus*
Daphne alpina*
Deutzia crenata*
Epigaea repens
Fabiana imbricata
Fraxinus Ornus*
Mariesii
Gaultheria Shallon
Genista lusitanica
pilosa*
prostrata*
Halesia parviflora
Halimodendron argenteum*
Laburnum Adami*
Leiophyllum buxifolium*
Leucothoe axillaris
Catesbaei
Magnolia acuminata*
glauca
Umbrella
Ostrya carpinifolia
Paeonia Moutan
Pernettya mucronata*
Philadelphus coronarius
Pieris Mariana*
ovalifolia
Piptanthus nepalensis
Polygala Chamaebuxus*
Prunus Chamaecerasus
pennsylvanica
virginiana*
Pyrus Aria*
Aucuparia*
coronaria
germanica
prunifolia
sinensis
Smithii*
torminalis
Rhododendron arborescens
calendulaceum
Collettiana
ferrugineum*
flavum
hirsutum*
molle
ponticum
racemosum
Ribes speciosum
Robinia hispida
Pseud-Acacia*
viscosa
Rosa spinosissima*
Rubus biflorus
deliciosus
spectabilis
Sophora tetraptera
Spiraea cantoniensis
laevigata
trilobata
Staphylea pinnata*
trifolia*
Stuartia pentagyna*
Syringa chinensis*
Josikaea
persica*
vulgaris*
Vaccinium corymbosum*
pennsylvanicum
Viburnum acerifolium*
Lantana*
Lentago*
nudum*
plicatum*
prunifolium
pyrifolium*
Wistaria chinensis*
multijuga*
Exochorda grandiflora

JUNE.

Adenocarpus decorticans*
Aesculus californica*
Andromeda polifolia
Bryanthus erectus
Buddleia globosa*
Lindleyana*
paniculata*
Calophaca wolgarica*
Calycanthus occidentalis*
Carpenteria californica
Castanea saliva
Catalpa speciosa
Ceanothus azureus*
Choisya ternata*
Cistus crispus*
ladaniferus
laurifolius*
monspeliensis*
purpureus*
salvifolius*
Clematis lanuginosa*
patens*
Viorna
Viticella
Colutea arborescens*
cruenta*
Cornus circinata
macrophylla
Crataegus nigra*
Cytisus decumbens
nigricans
Daboecia polifolia
Diervilla floribunda*
grandiflora*
Escallonia macrantha*
Fuchsia Riccartoni*
Genista aetnensis*
saggitalis
Helianthemum halimifolium*
lasianthum
lavendulaefolium*
Helianthemum pilosum*
polifolium*
umbellatum*
Hypericum calycinum*
patulum*
Itea virginica
Jamesia americana
Jasminum revolutum*
Kalmia angustifolia
latifolia*
Kerria japonica*
Laburnum alpinum
caramanicum
Ligustrum japonicum
lucidum*
ovalitolium*
sinense*
Liriodendron tulipifera*
Lyonia paniculata
Magnolia macrophylla
Myricaria germanica*
Myrtus communis*
Neillia opulifolia
Olearia macrodonta
Oxydendrum arboreum*
Philadelphus grandiflorus
hirsutus
inodorus
Lewisi
microphyllus*
Phlomis fruticosa
Plagianthus pulchellus*
Potentilla fruticosa
Prunus lusitanica
Rhododendron californicum
campylocarpum
chrysanthum
Rhus Cotinus*
Robinia dubia*
Rosa alba*
centifolia*
damascena*
gallica*
lutea
rubiginosa
rugosa
sempervirens*
Rubus arcticus
laciniatus*
odoratus*
Sambucus nigra
Spiraea bullata*
cana*
chamaedrifolia*
decumbens*
hypericifolia*
japonica*
media*
Staphylea colchica
Stuartia Pseudo-Camellia*
Syringa japonica*
Tecoma radicans*
Tilia vulgaris*
Veronica pinquifolia
Traversii*
Viburnum dahuricum*
dentatum
macrocephalum
Opulus*
Yucca filamentosa
Zenobia speciosa*

JULY.

Aesculus parviflora*
Berberis Fortunei
Ceanothus americanus*
Clematis Flammula*
Vitalba*
Cornus alba
alternifolia
tartarica
Escallonia floribunda
Phillipiana*
pterocladon
rubra*
Eucryphia pinnatifolia*
Fuchsia macrostema globosa*
Genista anxanctica*
cinerea
germanica
hispanica*
radiata*
tinctoria*
Gordonia lasianthus*
Hydrangea hortensis*
Hypericum elatum
fasciculatum
hircinum*
prolificum*
uralum*
Jasminum fruticans*
humile*
Kalmia hirsuta*
Ligustrum Ibota*
Quihoi*
Lonicera Xylosteum*
Periploca graeca*
Philadelphus Gordonianus
satzumi
Photinia arbutifolia
Plagianthus Lyalli
Philadelphus Lemoinei
Rhododendron catawbiense
maximum
viscosum
Rosa bracteata
hemisphaerica
Spartium junceum*
Spiraea bella*
discolor ariaefolia
Spiraea salicifolia*
sorbifolia*
tomentosa
Tamarix gallica*
parviflora*
Tilia petiolaris*
Wistaria japonica*
Yucca gloriosa
Zauschneria californica

AUGUST.

Abelia chinensis*
Calluna vulgaris*
Catalpa bignonioides
Clerodendron foetidum
Erica cinerea*
Escallonia illinita
Gordonia pubescens
Hedysarum multijugum
Hibiscus syriacus*
Hypericum oblongifolium
Leycesteria formosa*
Loropetalum chinense*
Magnolia grandiflora*
Nesaea salicifolia*
Passiflora caerulea*
Rubus nutkanus
Sophora japonica*
Spiraea Douglasii
Lindleyana
Vitex Agnus-castus

SEPTEMBER.

Arbutus Unedo*
Baccharis halimifolia
Clerodendron trichotomum
Clethra acuminata*
alnifolia
Daphne Cneorum*
Hydrangea paniculata grandiflora*
Olearia Haastii
Gunniana
Photinia japonica
Microglossa albescens*
Tecoma grandiflora*

OCTOBER.

Berberidopsis corallina
Berberris nervosa*
Caryopteris Mastacanthus
Hamamelis virginica*
Lespedeza bicolor

NOVEMBER.

Azara microphylla
Cassinia fulvida
Chimonanthus fragrans*
Jasminum nudiflorum*

DECEMBER.

Chimonanthus fragrans*
Lardizabala biternata
Viburnum Tinus*

INDEX.

_Synonymous names are printed in italics_.

Aaron's Beard,
Abelia chinensis,
_rupestris_,
triflora,
Adenocarpus _Boissieri_,
decorticans,
Aesculus californica,
chinensis,
flava,
flava discolor,
glabra,
Hippocastanum,
Pavia,
Pavia atrosanguinea,
Pavia humilis,
Pavia macrocarpa,
Pavia Whitleyana,
parviflora,
_rubicunda_,
Ailanthus _flavescens_,
glandulosa,
Akebia quinata,
Alabama Snow Wreath,
Alder, the berry bearing
Alexandrian Laurel,
Almond, AbbE David's
common,
_Aloysia citriodora_,
_Aloysia_. See Lippia
Alpine Rose,
_Althaea frutex_,
Amelanchier alnifolia,
canadensis,
vulgaris,
American Great Laurel,
American Withe Rod,
_Ammyrsine buxifoiia_,
Amoor Yellow Wood,
Amorpha canescens,
fruticosa,
_Amygdatus communis_,
_dulcis_,
_Besseriana_,
_Boissieri_,
_Lindleyi_,
_nana_,
_persica flore-pleno_,
_Amygdalus_. See Prunus,
Andromeda _arborea_,
_axillaris_,
_calyculata_,
_cassinaefolia_,
_Catesbaei_,
_fastigiata_,
_floribunda_,
_globulifera_,
_japonica_,
_Mariana ovalis_,
_ovalifolia_,
_pilifera_,
polifolia,
_recurva_,
_speciosa_,
_tetragona_,
Angelica tree,
Aralia _japonica_,
mandshurica,
_Sieboldii_,
spinosa,
Aralia. See Fatsia,
Arbutus Andrachne,
Menziesii,
Milleri,
_mucronata_,
photiniaefolia,
_procera_,
Rollisoni,
serratifolia,
Unedo,
Unedo Croomei,
Arctostaphylos alpina,
Uva-ursi,
Aristolochio Sipho,
Aronia Thorn,
Arrowwood,
Asimina triloba,
_Aster albescens_,
_cabulicus_,
_Atragene alpina_,
Azalea _arborescens_,
_calendulacea_,
_ledifolia_,
_mollis_,
_occidentalis_,
_pontica_,
_viscosa_,
_Azalea_. See Rhododendron,
Azaleas, Ghent,
Azara microphylla,
integrifolia,
lanceolata,
serrata,
Baccharis halimifolia,
patagonica,
Band plant,
Bastard Acacia,
Bastard Box,
_Baptisia nepalensis_,
Beach or Sand Plum,
Bearberry,
Beef Suet tree,
_Benthamia fragifera_,
_japonica_,
_Benthamia_. See Cornus,
Berberidopsis corallina,
Berberis Aquifolium,
Aquifolium repens,
aristata,
Bealei,
buxifolia,
congestiflora,
Darwinii,
_dulcis_,
empetrifolia,
Fortunei,
gracilis,
ilicifolia,
japonica,
Berberis _microphylla_,
nepalensis,
nervosa,
pinnata,
sinensis,
stenophylla,
trifoliolata,
trifurca,
vulgaris,
Wallichiana,
Berchemia volubilis,
Bignonia capreolata,
grandiflora,
radicans,
Bignonia. See Tecoma,
Billardiera longiflora,
Billberry,
Birchberry,
Bird Cherry,
Bitter Sweet,
Bladder Senna,
Blue Apple berry,
Blueberry,
Bog Myrtle,
Bour tree,
Box, flowering,
Box Thorn,
Bow-wood,
_Bridgesia spicata_,
_Bridgesia_. See Ercilla,
Bryanthus erectus,
empetriforrnis,
Buckeye, the,
Buckthorn, common,
Buddleia _crispa_,
globosa,
Lindleyana,
paniculata,
Bupleurum fruticosum,
Butcher's Broom,
Caesalpinia _japonica_,
sepiaria,
Calico bush,
Californian or Western Allspice,
Californian Fuchsia,
Calluna vulgaris,
Calophaca wolgarica,
Calycanthus floridus,
occidentalis,
Canada Tea,
Caragana _Altagana_,
arborescens,
frutescens,
microphylla,
spinosa,
Cardiandra alternifolia,
Carolina Allspice,
Carpenteria californica,
Caryopteris Mastacanthus,
Casandra calyculata,
Cassinia fulvida,
Cassiope fastigiata,
tetragona,
Castanea sativa,
_vesca_,
_vulgaris_,
Catalpa bignonioides,
Bungei,
Kaempferi,
speciosa,
Cat Whim,
Ceanothus americanus,
azureus,
cuneatus,
dentatus,
pappilosus,
rigidus,
_verrucosus_,
Cedrela sinensis,
Celustrus scandens,
Celtis australis,
occidentalis,
Cerasus _Caproniana multiplex_,
_Chamaecerasus_,
_ilicifolius_,
_Juliana_,
_Launesiana_,
_Laurocerasus_,
_lusitanica_,
_Mahaleb_,
_Padus_,
_Pseudocerasus_,
_ranunculiflora_,
_semperflorens_,
serrulata flore-pleno,
Sieboldii,
_virginiana_,
_vulgaris_,
_Cerasus_. See Prunus,
Cercis canadensis,
Siliquastrum,
Chaste tree,
Cherry, Bastard,
common,
ground,
Laurel,
St. Julian's,
Chimonanthus fragrans,
Chinese Akebia,
Chinese Pear tree,
Quince,
Chionanthus retusa,
virginica,
Choisya ternata,
Christ's Thorn,
Cistus crispus,
_formosus_,
ladaniferus,
_laevipes_,
laurifolius,
monspeliensis,
purpureus,
salvifolius,
_Citharexylum cyanocarpum_,
_Citharexylum_. See Rhapithamnus,
Citrus trifoliata,
Cladrastis amurensis,
tinctoria,
_lutea_,
Clammy Azalea,
Clammy Locust,
Clematis alpina,
_austriaca_,
_azurea grandiflora_,
_cirrhosa_,
_caerulea_,
Flammula,
florida,
_Fortunei_,
graveolens,
lanuginosa,
montana,
patens,
_sibirica_,
Viorna,
Vitalba,
Williamsii,
Clerodendron foetidum,
trichotomum,
Clethra acuminata,
alnifolia,
Climbing Berchemia,
Climbing Waxwork,
Cockspur Thorn,
Cocculus carolinus,
laurifolius,
Colchican Bladder Nut,
Colletia _bictonensis_,
cruciata,
_serratifolia_,
spinosa,
Colutea arborescens,
cruenta,
_orientalis_,
_sanguinea_,
_Comptonia asplenifolia_,
_Comptonia_. See Myrica,
Constantinople Hazel,
Coral Barberry,
Coral Berry,
_Corchorus japonicus_,
Coriaria myrtifolia,
Cornel, the,
Cornelian Cherry,
Corokia Cotoneaster,
Coronilla Emerus,
Cernus alba,
alternifolia,
amomum,
asperifolia,
Baileyi,
_brachypoda_,
californica,
canadensis,
candidissima,
capitata,
circinata,
florida,
Kousa,
macrophylla,
Mas,
Nuttalii,
officinalis,
_paniculata_,
_pubescens_,
_sericea_,
stolonifera,
tartarica,
_sibirica_,
Corylopsis Himalayana,
pauciflora,
spicata,
Corylus Avellana purpurea,
Colurna,
Cotoneaster bacillaris,
frigida,
microphylla,
Simonsii,
Cowberry,
Crataegus _arbutifolia_,
Azarolus,
Azarolus Aronia,
_Celsiana_,
coccinea,
coccinea macrantha,
cordata,
Crus-galli,
Douglasii,
_glabra_,
nigra,
Oxyacantha,
parvifolia,
Pyracantha,
tanacetifolia,
Cucumber tree,
Currants, flowering,
_Cydonia chinensis_,
_japonica_,
Cytisus _Adami_,
albus,
albus incarnatus,
_alpinus_,
biflorus,
decumbens,
Cytisus _elongatus_,
_incarnatus_,
_Laburnum_,
nigricans,
purpureus,
scoparius,
Daboecia polifolia,
Danae Laurus,
_racemosa_,
Daphne alpina,
altaica,
Blagayana,
Championi,
Cneorum,
_collina_,
Fioniana,
_Fortunei_,
Genkwa,
Laureola,
Mezereum,
petraea,
pontica,
_rupestris_,
sericea,
Daphniphyllum glaucescens,
Date Plum, the,
Desfontainea spinosa,
_Desmodium penduliftorum_,
_Desmodium_. See Lespedeza,
Deutzia crenata,
_Fortunei_,
gracilis,
_scabra_,
Diervilla _amabilis_,
floribunda,
grandiflora,
_multiflora_,
rosea,
_Dimorphanthus mandshuricus_,
_Dimorphanthus_. See Aralia,
Diospyros Kaki costata,
lotus,
virginiana,
_Diplopappus chrysophyllus_,
_Diplopappus_. See Cassinia,
Dirca palustris,
Discaria longispina,
serratifolia,
Dockmackie,
Dogwood,
Drimys aromatica,
Winteri,
Dutchman's Pipe,
Elaeagnus argentea,
_crispa_,
_edulis_,
glabra,
longipes,
macrophylla,
_reflexus_,
rotundifolia,
Elder, Californian,
Scarlet berried,
Embothrium coccineum,
Ephedra _monastachya_,
vulgaris,
Epigaea repens,
Ercilla spicata,
Erica carnea,
ciliaris,
cineria,
erecta,
mediterranea,
scoparia,
Tetralix,
vagans,
_vulgaris_,
_Eriobotrya japonica_,
_Eriobotrya_. See Photinia,
Etna Broom,
Eucryphia pinnatifolia,
_Eugenia apiculata_,
_Luma_,
_Ugni_,
Euonymus americana,
europaeus,
fimbriatus,
latifolius,
_Eurybia Gunniana_,
Evergreen Laburnum,
Escallonia floribunda,
illinita,
macrantha,
_montevidensis_,
Phillipiana,
pterocladon,
rubra,
Exochorda grandiflora,
Fabiana imbricata,
False Acacia,
Fatsia japonica,
Fendlera rupicola,
Fiery Thorn,
Fire Bush,
_Flacourtia japonica_,
Florida Dogwood,
Forsythia _Fortunei_,
_Sieboldii_,
suspensa,
viridissima,
Fothergilla alnifolia,
Fraxinus _argentea_,
Ornus,
Ornus serotina alba,
Ornus serotina violacea,
Mariesii,
Fremontia californica,
Fuchsia _globosa_,
macrostemma globosa,
Riccartoni,
Garland Flower,
Garrya elliptica,
Gaultheria _nummulariae_,
nummularioides,
procumbens,
_repens_,
Shallon,
Genista aetnensis,
anxantica,
capitata,
cinerea,
daurica,
_elatior_,
ephedroides,
germanica,
hispanica,
lusitanica,
monosperma,
pilosa,
prostrata,
radiata,
_ramosissima_,
sagittalis,
tinctoria,
tinctoria elatior,
triangularis,
_triquetra_,
Gleditschia triacanthos,
triacanthos pendula,
sinensis,
_horrida_,
_Glycine chinensis_,
_frutescens_,
_sinensis_,
Gordonia Lasianthus,
pubescens,
Grabowskia boerhaaviaefolia,
Griselinia littoralis,
Ground Cistus,
Ground Laurel,
Groundsel Tree,
Guelder Rose,
Gum Cistus,
Gymnocladus canadensis,
chinensis,
Hagberry,
Halesia diptera,
hispida,
parviflora,
_reticulata_,
tetraptera,
Halimodendron argenteum,
Hamamelis japonica,
japonica arborea,
japonica Zuccariniana,
virginica,
Hare's Ear,
Hawthorn, the,
Hazel, the,
Heather, the Common,
Hedysarum multijugum,
_Heimia salicifolia_,
_Heimia_. See Nesaea,
Helianthemum _formosum_,
halimifolium,
laevipes,
lasianthum,
lavendulaefolium,
libanotis,
pilosum,
polifolium,
_pulverulentum_,
_serpyllifolium_,
umbellatum,
vulgare,
vulgare nummularium,
vulgare barbatum,
vulgare mutabile,
vulgare grandiflorum,
vulgare ovalifolium,
vulgare hysopifolium,
Hemp Tree,
Hippophae rhamnoides,
Holboellia latifolia,
Holly, the,
Honey Locust,
Honeysuckles,
Hop tree,
Hornbeam,
Horse Chestnut,
_Hortensia opuloides_,
Humming Bird's Trumpet,
Hybiscus syriacus,
syriacus vars.,
Hydrangea arborescens,
hortensis,
hortensis vars.,
quercifolia,
scandens,
paniculata,
paniculata grandiflora,
Hydrangea, climbing,
Hymenanthera crassifolia,
Hypericum Androsaemum,
aureum,
calycinum,
elatum,
hircinum,
Moserianum,
oblongifolium,
_Hookerianum_,
_nepalensis_,
prolificum,
uralum,
Idesia polycarpa,
Ilex Aquifolium,
Aquifolium vars.,
opaca,
Illicium anisatum,
floridanum,
_religiosum_,
Indian Azalea,
Indigofera Dosua,
_floribunda_,
Gerardiana,
Itea virginica,
Jamesia americana,
Japanese Storax,
Japan Medlar, or Quince,
Jasminum fruticans,
humile,
nudiflorum,
officinale,
pubigerum glabrum,
revolutum,
Wallichianum,
Jerusalem Sage,
Job's Tears,
Judas tree,
June Berry, the,
Kadsura japonica,
Kalmia angustifolia,
glauca,
hirsuta,
latifolia,
latifolia vars.,
Kentucky Coffee Tree,
Kerria japonica,
Koelreuteria paniculata,
Labrador Tea,
Laburnum Adami,
alpinum,
caramanicum,
vulgare,
Lady's Bower,
Lapageria rosea,
Lardizabala biternata,
Laurel, Alexandrian,
American Great,
Cherry,
Ground,
Mountain,
Portugal,
Sheep,
Spurge,
Laurustinus,
Lavender, common,
Lavandula _Spica_,
vera,
Lavatera arborea,
Leather Wood,
Ledum _buxifolium_,
_groenlandicum_,
latifolium,
palustre,
Leiophyllum buxifolium,
_thymifolia_,
Lemon Scented Verbena,
Lespedeza bicolor,
Leucothoe axillaris,
Catesbaei,
Davisiae,
floribunda,
recurva,
Leycesteria formosa,
_Ligustrina amurensis_,
Ligustrum _amurense_,
_californicum_,
_glabrum_,
Ibota,
_Ibota villosum_,
japonicum,
Ligustrum _Kellermanni_
lucidum,
magnoliaefolium,
ovalifolium,
_Sieboldii_,
sinense,
_strictum_,
_villosum_,
vulgare,
Lily, the Mound,
_Limonia Laureola_,
Linden Tree,
Ling, the common,
Linnaea borealis,
Lippia citriodora,
Liriodendron tulipifera,
Loblolly Bay,
Locust, common,
Lonicera _brachypoda_,
Caprifolium,
flexuosa,
fragrantissima,
Periclymenum,
sempervirens,
Standishii,
tatarica,
Xylosteum,
Loquat, the,
Loropetalum chinense,
Lycium barbarum,
europaeum,
Lyonia _ligustrina_,
paniculata,
Maclura aurantiaca,
Mahaleb, or Perfumed Cherry,
_Mahonia Aquifolium_,
_Bealei_,
_facicularis_,
_Fortunei_,
_glumacea_,
_gracilis_,
_Hookeri_,
_japonica_,
_nepalensis_,
_Neumanii_,
_repens_,
_trifoliolata_,
_trifurca_,
Magnolia acuminata,
_auriculata_,
Campbelii,
conspicua,
conspicua Alexandrina,
conspicua Soulangeana,
conspicua Soulangeana nigra,
conspicua Soulangeana Norbertii,
conspicua Soulangeana speciosa,
cordata,
Fraseri,
glauca,
grandiflora,
_Halleana_,
Lennei,
macrophylla,
obovata discolor,
parviflora,
_purpurea_,
stellata,
_tripetala_,
Umbrella,
_Yulan_,
_Malachodendron ovatum_,
Mallow, Syrian,
Mallow tree,
_Malus microcarpa floribunda_,
Manna Ash,
Marsh Ledum,
Mayflower, New England,
Medicago arborea,
Medlar, common,
Menispermum canadense,
_Menziesia_. See Daboecia; Phylodoce;
and Lyonia,
_Menziesia caerulea_,
_empetrifolia_,
_globularis_,
_polifolia_,
_Mespilus arbutifolia_,
_germanica_,
_grandiflora_,
_Smithii_,
Mexican Orange Flower,
Mezereon, the,
Microglossa albescens,
Mitchella repens,
Mitraria coccinea,
Mitre pod, scarlet,
Mock Orange,
Monk's Pepper-tree,
Moonseed,
Mountain Ash,
Mountain Laurel,
Moutan Paeony,
Myrica asplenifolia,
californica,
cerifera,
Gale,
Myricaria germanica,
Myrobalan Plum,
Myrtle, Bog,
Common,
Californian Wax,
Common Candle-berry,
Sand,
Myrtus communis,
Luma,
Ugni,
Neillia opulifolia,
thyrsiflora,
Nepaul White Beam,
Nesaea salicifolia,
Neviusa alabamensis,
New Jersey Tea,
Nine Bark,
Nuttalia cerasiformis,
Old Man's beard,
Olearia _dentata_,
Forsterii,
Gunniana,
Haastii,
macrodonta,
Ononis arvensis,
Orange Ball tree,
_Ornus europea_,
Osage Orange,
Osmanthus Aquifolium ilicifolius,
Aquifolium illicifolius myrtifolius,
Osoberry,
Ostrya carpinifolia,
virginica,
_vulgaris_,
Oxydendrum arboreum,
Ozothamnus rosmarinifolius,
Paeonia Moutan,
Pagoda-tree, Chinese,
Paliurus aculeatus,
_australis_,
Papaw, the Virginian,
Parrotia persica,
Partridge Berry,
Passiflora caerulea,
Paulownia imperialis,
_Pavia californica_,
_discolor_,
_flava_,
_humilis_,
_Pavia macrocarpa_,
_macrostachya_,
_rubra_,
_Pavia_, See Aesculus,
Pepper-plant, Tasmanian,
Pepper-tree,
Periploca graeca,
Periwinkles,
Pernettya mucronata,
Persimmon, the,
Philadelphus coronarius,
_chinensis_,
_floribundus_,
Gordonianus,
grandiflorus,
hirsutus,
inodorus,
_latifolius_,
Lemoinei,
Lewisii,
mexicanus,
microphyllus,
satzumi,
_speciosus_,
triflorus,
Phillyrea angustifolia,
_decora_,
latifolia,
_laurifolia_,
_ligustrifolia_,
media,
_neapolitana_,
_obliqua_,
_oleaefolia_,
_rosmarinifolia_,
Vilmoriniana,
Phlomis fruticosa,
Photinia arbutifolia,
Benthumiana,
japonica,
serrulata,
Phyllodoce taxifolia,
_caerulea_,
Pieris floribunda,
japonica,
Mariana,
ovalifolia,
Pipe tree,
Piptanthus nepalensis,
Pittosporum Tobira,
undulatum,
Plagianthus Lyalli,
Lampeni,
pulohellus,
_Planera acuminata_,
_crenata_, 134
_Richardi_,
_Planera_, See Zelkova,
Poison Elder,
Poison Ivy,
Poison Oak,
Poison Vine,
_Polycarpa Maximowiczii_,
Pomegranate,
Pontic Daphne,
Portugal Laurel,
Potato tree,
Potentilla fruticosa,
Prickly Ivy,
Privets,
_Prunopsis Lindleyi_,
Prunus Amygdalus,
Amygdalus dulcis,
Avium Juliana,
Boissieri,
cerasifera,
cerasifera Pissardii,
Cerasus,
Prunus Chamaecerasus,
Davidiana,
divaricata,
domestica,
ilicifolia,
Launesiana,
Laurocerasus,
lusitanica,
Mahaleb,
maritima,
_Myrobalana_,
nana,
Padus,
paniculata flore-pleno,
pennsylvanica,
Persica flore-pleno,
_Pissardii_,
_Pseudo-cerasus_,
Puddum,
serotina,
sinensis,
spinosa,
tomentosa,
triloba,
virginiana,
_virgata_,
Ptelea trifoliata,
_Pterpstyrax hispidum_,
Punica Granatum,
Purple Broom,
Purple Hazel,
Pyrus amygdaliformis.,
Aria,
Aucuparia,
americana,
angustifolia,
baccata,
Bollwylleriana,
coronaria,
domestica,
floribunda,
germanica,
japonica,
prunifolia,
_Malus floribunda_,
rivularis,
salvaefolia,
salicifolia,
_sinensis of Lindley_,
sinensis,
sinica,
Smithii,
torminalis,
vestita,
Quince, Japanese,
Chinese,
Rabbit berry,
Red Osier Dogwood,
Restharrow,
Rhamnus Alaternus,
alpinus,
catharticus,
Frangula,
Rhaphiolepis japonica integerrima,
_ovata_
Rhaphithamnus cyanocarpus,
Rhododendron _aeruginosum_,
arborescens,
arboreum,
argenteum,
Aucklandii,
barbatum,
calendulaceum,
californicum,
campanulatum,
Campbelli,
campylocarpum,
catawbiense,
Rhododendron _Chamaecistus_,
chrysanthum,
ciliatum,
cinnabarinum,
Collettianum,
dahuricum,
eximium,
Falconeri,
ferrugineum,
flavuni,
Fortunei,
glaucum,
hirsutum,
Hodgsoni,
indicum,
lanatum,
ledifolium,
maximum,
molle,
niveum,
occidentale,
parvifolium,
ponticum,
ponticum azaleoides,
_ponticum deciduum_,
racemosum,
Rhodora,
Roylei,
Smirnowii,
Thompsoni,
Ungernii,
viscosum,
Wallichii,
Wilsoni,
Rhododendrons, hardy hybrid,
Rhodora canadensis,
Rhodothamnus Chamaecistus,
Rhodotypos Kerrioides,
Rhus caroliniana,
_coccinea_,
Cotinus,
_elegans_,
glabra,
_sanguinea_,
succedanea,
Toxicodendron,
typhina,
venenata,
_vernix_,
Ribes alpinum pumilum aureum,
aureum,
_Beatonii_,
cereum,
floridum,
Gordonianum,
_inebrians_,
_Loudonii_,
_missouriense_,
multiflorum,
_pennsylvanicum_,
sanguineum,
speciosum,
Robinia ambigua,
dubia,
_echinata_,
glutinosa,
_Halimodendron_,
hispida,
Pseud-Acacia,
viscosa,
Rock Abelia,
Rock Daphne,
Rock Rose, the,
Rosa alba,
_arvensis_,
_bengalensis_,
bracteata,
canina,
Rosa centifolia,
damascena,
_diversifolia_,
_Eglanteria_,
ferox,
gallica,
hemisphaerica,
indica,
indica minima,
indica semperflorens,
_Lawrenceana_,
lutea,
_minima_,
_pimpinellifolia_,
repens,
rugosa,
sempervirens,
_semperflorens minima_,
spinosissima,
sulphurea,
villosa,
Rose Acacia,
Rose Bay,
Rose of Sharon,
Rosmarinus officinalis,
Rosemary, common,
Rosemary, wild,
Rowan-tree,
Rubus arcticus,
australis,
biflorus,
deliciosus,
fruticosus,
laciniatus,
nutkanus,
odoratus,
rosaefolius,
spectabilis,
Ruscus aculeatus,
Hypophyllum,
_racemosus_,
St. Anthony's Nut,
St. Dabeoc's Heath,
St. Peter's Wort,
Sand Myrtle,
Sallow thorn,
Salt tree,
Sambucus californica,
glauca,
nigra,
racemosa,
rosaeflora,
Schizandra chinensis,
coccinea,
Schizophragma hydrangeoides,
Scorpion Senna,
Sea Buckthorn,
Sea Purslane,
Service tree, true,

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