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Down the Mother Lode by Vivia Hemphill

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Down the Mother Lode - Pioneer Tales of California

By Vivia Hemphill


So many inquiries have been made as to exactly where, and what is the
"Mother Lode"!

The geologist and the historian agree as to its location and
composition, but the old miners and "sojourners" of the vanished golden
era give strangely different versions of it. Some of these are here set
down, if not all for your enlightenment at least, I hope, for your

That is, after all, the principal aim of these tales of the old days in
California, that are gone "for good." Mark Twain says in his preface to
"Roughing It" that there is a great deal of information in his work
which he regrets very much but which really could not be helped, as
"information seems to stew out of me naturally, like the precious ottar
of roses out of the otter"!

These stories make no such particular claim! They are merely historical
fragments of their everyday life, gathered from a passing generation
before they shall be finally lost. Each one is based upon truth.
Somewhere, sometime, some place, certain characters lived the scenes and
actions here described.

The title "Mother Lode" has been used in its broader sense as
exemplifying the source of all gold in California, and the life which
arose from it.

The mining engineer said: "The Mother Lode runs south from El Dorado
County to the lower boundary of Mariposa County. It stretches past the
towns of Sutter Creek, Jackson, San Andreas, Angel's Camp and the road
to Yosemite far down below Coulterville. The lode begins suddenly and
ends as suddenly, and though we have searched up and down the state we
have never been able to pick it up again."

"Has it any relation to the Comstock Lode?" was asked.

"None whatever. Curiously enough, in Nevada City and vicinity it would
appear that at one time in the earth's making, a great fissure opened in
forming California and a wedge of Nevada mining country was pushed into
it. North of there the California stratas begin again."

"But it was always my belief that these localities were on the Mother
Lode, as well as the Georgetown and Auburn country."

"Many persons are apparently under that impression, but the geological
surveys of the government place it in the exact location I have given

The "Old Miner, '49er," said: "We hunted most all o' our lives, lookin'
for her! We called her the Mother Lode, because we thought that all the
gold in the state must a' come from her an' washed down the rivers onto
the bars where we found it. We thought she'd be pure gold, an' a hundred
feet wide an' go on, world without end. We looked, an' looked, an' after
quartz minin' come in, we dug an' dug, but we never found the old girl
exceptin' here an' there.

"Joe Dance, that old prospector that died last year, he lost his mind
lookin' for the big lode. Made some rich strikes in his day, Joe did,
but he never could stop to work 'em. He was always waitin' for the
mother of 'em all, he said, who'd put him on the road to the heart a'
molten gold in the middle a' the earth.

"We old fellows tramped all the way through the hills with only a burro
for company most a' the time, an' you'll ride down a broad paved way,
soon, in your automobile. You'll go in days, where it took us months,
an' some brainy young engineer will locate the old girl, most likely, in
new-fangled ways that were unknown in our time.

"Well, the world whirls fast, now-a-days. Guess they'll need all the
gold in the old girl's lap to keep on greasin' the machinery. I take off
my hat to this generation. I hope they'll find it!"

Hittell says: "The Mother Lode is one of the most extraordinary
metalliferous veins in the world. Gold-bearing lodes usually range only
five or six miles, but this can be traced for more than sixty. The rock
is a hard and white quartz, rich in very fine particles of gold, and the
vein varies in width from a foot to thirty feet.

"There are in some portions of its course side branches or companion
veins, as they are sometimes called, making the total width nearly one
hundred feet. Nor is the direction of the lode always in a straight
line. Though usually found within half a mile of what may be considered
its normal course, it is sometimes found as far as two or three miles
from it, and there are cases of other lodes (three, in all) entirely
distinct, which in some instances approach so close as to be confounded
with it."

There are numerous mines along the whole length of the lode, famous for
having yielded their millions. One quartz ledge is said to have yielded
for a long time, two-thirds gold. They say of the Morgan Mine, at
Carson's Creek near Melones, "It appeared to be rich beyond parallel. On
one occasion $110,000.00 worth of gold was thrown down at a single

Many expeditions were made in search of the fabled Great Lode but all
attempts were vain.

'The old spread-eagle judge said: "Yes, sir; the Mother Lode dips up in
a bit of a circle with no beginning and no end, in the western foothills
of the Sierra Mountains. Down about Melones, and Sonora, and Angel's
Camp it goes, and through Table Mountain, and under Jackass Hill. It
comes north, and north, past Coloma, and Auburn, to Nevada City and then
it disappears."

I remembered the engineer's statement, but was silent.

"It was the haunt of Harte, and Twain, and Canfield in the north; it was
the bank of such men as Hopkins, Crocker, Huntington and Stanford; the
foundation of one of the greatest states in the Union, the Mother Lode,
the Mother of Gold!"

"Child, my old eyes have watched it spread for nearly ninety years - the
power of gold, and of the men who came to seek it, The influence of gold
controlled by the human intellect. I am old and tired and soon I shall
sleep, but the old see clearly, too clearly, that which they are
leaving, and that to which they pass."

"'Thus, facing the stars, we go out amongst them into darkness'," I
quoted, softly.

"Not to darkness, but to eternal light, to rise again from the Mother
Lode to mingle in the busy lives of men."

"'Who maketh His messengers with two, and three, and four pairs of

"Exactly. To be born again, and yet again. The real mother-vein of gold
was imbued in the men shaped by the life of the frontier. It was the
cornerstone of great fortunes, of families, of enterprises, of
achievements which are peculiarly California's own.

"It was the clearing house and open sesame of the vast trade of the
Orient which is just coming into being; the foundation for the bridge of
gold which shall reach across the seas; a fit monument to posterity
which shall be erected with all the lightness and grace and stability of
the present cultured generations, born with their feet in the flowers
grown from the mother-gold of decent manhood and glorious womanhood -
the precious metals of the spirit, unalloyed and unafraid.

"They are the true Mother Lode, the bourne of the seekers of gold,
greater, far, than the crazed brains of the old prospectors had the
power to conceive. A further-reaching, broader arc than the most
wondrous rainbow of their imaginings born of dreams, and built of hunger
and despair."

"So shall we find, at last, the Mother Lode, the virginity of the
essence of creation, the beginning and the end. The curve of the circle
which is unchanging, insoluble, omniscient; which shall return to that
which created it; which is all; which is God!"


"We have worked our claims,
We have spent our gold,
Our barks are astrand on the bars;
We are battered and old,
Yet at night we behold
Outcroppings of gold in the stars.

Where the rabbits play,
Where the quail all day
Pipe on the chaparral hill;
A few more days,
And the last of us lays
His pick aside and is still.

We are wreck and stray,
We are cast away,
Poor battered old hulks and spars!
But we hope and pray,
On the judgment Day,
We shall strike it, up in the stars.

- Joaquin Miller.


One Sunday in Stinson's Bar
The Tom Bell Stronghold
The Hanging of Charlie Price
Rattlesnake Dick
Indian Vengeance
Grizzly Bob of Snake Gulch
Curley Coppers the Jack
The Race of the Shoestring Gamblers
The Dragon and the Tomahawk
The Barstow Lynching

Copyright, 1922

By Vivia Hemphill

One Sunday in Stinson's Bar


"On that broad stage of empire won,
Whose footlights were the setting sun;
Whose flats a distant background rose
In trackless peaks of endless snows;
Here genius bows, and talent waits
To copy that but One creates."

- Bret Harte.

Now-a-days when you want to go from San Francisco to the Sierra Nevada
country you step into your perfectly good Packard (or whatever it is -
all the way down to a motorcycle side car), and you ferry across the bay
and the straits, and if the motor-cop isn't around, you come shooting up
the highway forty miles an hour, and at the end of a glorious five-hour
run you are there.

In the early fifties - when there was less to see, too - you took more
time to it. You came to Sacramento on the river boat. Then if you were
rich, you bought a horse or a mule and rode for the rest of your
journey. If you were poor, or thrifty perhaps, you walked, or tried to
get a ride on one of the ox-freight teams which plied their way across
Haggin Grant to Auburn and Dutch Flat, or to Folsom and Coloma.

Later a railway was built as far as Auburn station, then situated at a
point three miles east of Loomis which was at that time called Pino.

Nothing remains of Auburn station. But the road bed of the old railway
is still to be found in certain wooded tracts which have not given way
to the fruit ranches; and the highway from Fair Oaks into Folsom follows
the old cuts and grades for several miles.

In the days preceding and immediately following the discovery of gold in
California, building was very difficult. Every stick of lumber in my
grandfather's house came by ship "around the Horn," and the fruit trees
grape vines, flowers, even bees, for his lovely garden: were all sent
from Europe.

In the smaller settlements there was seldom more than one large building
which could be used for social purposes, and this was often the card
room or bar room in connection with the hotel of the town.

So here is the tale that was told of one Sunday in Stinson's bar room,
in the late '50s at Auburn Station:

They tried to give a ball once a year at Stinson's. Persons came to it
from 30 miles about, particularly if they were women, and every woman
divided each dance among four men. When a man invited a lady to come to
a dance, in many instances he insisted upon the privilege of buying her
a silken gown and slippers to wear, and this was not considered unusual,
nor was she in any way obligated to him for it. There were so few
"ladies" that they were treated as little short of divinities.

This Saturday night there had been no dance, and the men at Gentleman
Jack's table at Stinson's had played "three-card monte" on through the
dawn and the sunrise, and into broad daylight. The door was pushed open,
letting in a rush of cool, sweet air which guttered the candles set in
old bottles, and drove the heavy fog of tobacco smoke toward the
blackened ceiling. A voice boomed forth:

"Come on, now, gentlemen. Two ladies have come with posies in tall
silver vases and a white altar cloth for this table. The preacher's
coming over from Folsom, and there will be church held here in one hour.
He's a busy man today. An infant will be given a license to travel the
long and uncertain road to heaven, and a pair of happy lovers will be
made one."

"One - unhappy pair."

It's William Duncan. He's intoxicated again," drawled Gentleman Jack,
stretching his graceful length and smiling at a long, aristocratic
figure crouched over a small table in a corner. "His last strike turned
out to be only a small pocket, and so he drowns his woes in liquor, as
usual." He bowed to his recent card partners. "Gentlemen, I am sincerely
sorry for your losses this night. I shall sleep an hour before the holy
man arrives. He sauntered out, stuffing a buckskin bag of gold dust into
his pocket.

"There lies my pocket - in his pocket," muttered Duncan. "No, Stinson"
raising his voice authoritatively, "I shall not go out. It is my desire
to pray for my sins today * * * and there has a letter come from
overseas which I must read - if I can. If I can - "

In an hour the room was cleared of smoke, greasy cards, poker chips and
empty bottles. The bar was in a small room apart. The poker table,
supplemented with a box, was covered with a handsome altar cloth flanked
by huge silver candlesticks and vases which had been carried across the
plains. Every individual in the community came to church and stayed
afterward for the christening. At least twenty men expressed a wish to
be god-father to the baby and the proud mother accepted all offers. When
the christening was over, William Duncan lurched to his feet, his
high-bred face full of tenderness, his long-fingered, fine grained hands
poised over the rosy child, while he quoted:

"May time who sheds his blight o'er all,
And daily dooms some joy to death.
O'er thee let years so gently fall,
They shall not crush one flower beneath!"

"Ah, 'here comes the bride!' 'All the world's a stage!' Let us on with
the next scene," and he reeled back to his little table in the corner.

The kissing and congratulations after the wedding were interrupted by
the shouts of a man on horseback, and riding hard.

"Where's the minister? Send for Doc Miller! That beast of a Mexican
horse thief - he' shot Jim Muldoon down at Dolton's Bar. Jim caught he's
stealing his horse and I'm afraid the dirty greaser's killed him. We got
'im, though, before he skipped. Somebody go down to Rattlesnake for Doc
Miller. They're bringing 'em both here."

When Doc Miller saw Muldoon stretched on the barroom table, the same
table which a few minutes before had served as an altar he shook his

"He will be gone in half an hour," he said. The men standing about began
taking off their hats.

"I wish to write home," whispered Muldoon. The young mother handed her
baby to its father and seizing pencil and paper, ran forward. The
minister opened his prayer book at the service for the dying.

When that service had been read, and what had been Muldoon carried away
to be made ready for the last sleep, only the minister and the tall
Englishman were left in the bar-room.

"In the midst of life we are in death," muttered Duncan.

"True," rebuked the other "so live well the life which the Lord, thy
God, hath provided thee." Will Duncan laughed aloud.

"It is too late, Man-o'-God! There is no place in the world for a
younger son." The minister had not heard. He sprang toward the open
window, calling:

"Wait! It is written - 'Thou shalt not kill!' Bring him in, like just
and honest men, for a hearing. He may be a horse thief and a murderer
but you shall take the rope from his neck and he shall speak in his own
defense before he goes to his Maker."

So a hearing was given (although grudgingly, and with audible grumbling)
by the friends of Muldoon across the table which had so lately been his
bier, but in the end they took the Mexican out for the short-cut to

Two hours later, around the same table was solemnized the funeral
service of Jim Muldoon. The minister would not return for six weeks. It
must be held at once. Gentleman Jack gave a suit of finest black
broadcloth for a shroud. and the little bride, keeping one flower from
her wedding bouquet, placed the rest in the dead man's hands. She kissed
him softly on his forehead, whispering through her tears. "For the ones
at home who loved you," and stood watching as six men carried him away
to the tiny cemetery under the trees. on a hill.

Vesper services were over and the weary minister and his congregation
had gone before Duncan found courage to open and read his letter. His
elder brother, heir to the title and great houses and landed estates of
his family, had been killed in the hunting field and he, being next in
line, was to come home to succeed to the position.

He, William - Duncan - Claibourne - Earl of - but no, his family name
had never been told in California.

Portions of the services he had heard that day drifted through his mind:
"Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he
shall not enter therein. * * * We do sign him with the sign of the cross
in token hereafter that he shall manfully fight against the sin, the
world, and the devil; and to continue Christ's faithful soldier unto his
life's end." So, the child starting on his earthly journey with the
minister's blessing and the backing of twenty god-fathers!

The holy old church service which he had heard at home in stately
English cathedrals - the nuggets in the contribution plate - the radiant
bride who had come across the plains to hear "Dearly Beloved, We are
gathered together," standing beside the man she loved. The service for
the dying: "When we shall have served thee in our generation we may be
gathered unto our Fathers, having the testimony of a good conscience,
the confidence of a certain faith, in favor with Thee our God, and in
perfect charity with the world." So, Jim Muldoon, cut down before his
time, and his slayer out there in the darkness on the end of a rope.

The dying candle picked out in flame a withered cabbage rose under the
table; a baby's mitten, the letter written for the man who had died, the
Mexican's sombrero on a chair, the gilt sun and moon and stars on the
glass face of the grandfather clock by the window.

Duncan's head fell forward in his clasped arms on the table, and in his
dreams he heard the huntsman's silver horn from across the seas calling
him home to carry on the destiny of the ancient and honorable name which
was his. His "strike of pay ore" in his "land of gold."

The candle wick in a shallow pool of tallow flared high, and went out.

The old clock chimed twelve.

The Tom Bell Stronghold


"You smile, O poet, and what do you?
You lean from your window and watch life's column
Trampling and struggling through dust and dew,
Filled with its purposes grave and solemn;
An act, a gesture, a face - who knows?
And you pluck from your bosom the verse that grows,
And down it flies like my red, red rose,
And you sit and dream as away it goes,
And think that your duty is done - now, don't you?"

- Bret Harte.

In the early days it was called the Mountaineer House. Now it is
colloquially known as the "stone house," and has for sixty years been
the home of the Owen King family. It is surrounded today by one of the
most beautiful orchards in the foothills. Wide verandahs of the native
gray granite to match the old house itself have been added. It is
electrically lighted and furnace heated, modern in every way, yet still
the romance of former times seems to cling to its sturdy old walls.

All that remain unchanged are three huge trees flanking the highway in
front. What tales they could tell, if they would, of what passed by the
junction of two roads beneath them. Of the long and weary caravans from
across the plains crawling up from the bridge at Whiskey Bar, below
Rattlesnake, glad that their six months' struggle was nearly over: of
horsemen on beautiful Spanish horses riding furiously, whither no one
knew nor dared ask; of dark deeds in the old stone house below, that was
so inscrutably quiet by day and so mysteriously alive by night; of
ghastly doings by the Tom Bell gang which ranged all the way from the
Oregon border to the southern lakes.

They will never tell all they know - these big old trees - of those who
went in by the door and "came out by the cellar" of Tom Bell's
stronghold. In the end the place fell, in the war between order and
lawlessness and, as the pessimists love to assert, a woman, as usual,
was the cause of it. The tale is told:

Rosa Phillips sat in the Mountaineer House strumming a Spanish guitar,
and singing,

"There's a turned down page, as some writer says, in every human life,
A hidden story of happier days, of peace amidst the strife.
A folded down leaf which the world knows not. A love dream rudely crushed,
The sight of a face that is not forgot. Although the voice be hushed."

She rose and stood at a window, holding the dusty curtain aside with one
white hand and peering cautiously forth into the dusk. A horse was
galloping up the Folsom road. The horseman was near - was under the
trees in front - was past - and gone down the river road without
slackening his animal's rapid gait.

"He does not stop at the Mountaineer House these days," said Tom Bell's
sneering voice at her elbow. "There is a new actress at the opera house
in Rattlesnake."

The woman's dark eyes flashed, but she answered evenly enough:

"He does not stop, the handsome Dick, so you, senor, have not the cause
to be jealous. Is it not so?"

"Cause? Why, you Spanish jade, you've never been the same to me since
Rattlesnake Dick came prowling back from Shasta county to his old haunts
in Placer." Rosa's thin, red lips curled.

"Senor, I am what it pleases me to be."

"And Jack Phillips permits you to be!"

She shrugged her slender shoulders.

"He wearies me. Life - this place - wearies me."

"Yes, and I weary you, too - now. Plain as day, it is."

The Phillips woman smiled (she seldom laughed) and there was only
cruelty in her smile - no kindliness, no womanly softness of any sort.

"My friend, soon there will be no 'you.' The night is coming and there
will be no sunrise."

A man dismounted at the gate and led his horse past the window to the
stables in the cellar. He walked with a curious, halting pace.

"There's Jim Driscoll back already. Must bring news," said Bell, leaving
her hurriedly, and so neglecting to ask the meaning of her cryptic

Rosa slipped in behind the bar, late that evening, beautifully gowned,
and with her dark hair dressed high. Her vivid face glowed like a
scarlet poppy and was bright with smiles. Three or four men in the
crowded bar-room rose to their feet and drank to her bright eyes and
strolled across to the bar.

"Soon now' "she whispered, "I shall sweep out the lights. Those two who
have just entered - who are they?" She went across the room to the
newcomers. "The senors may pay me for the drinks, if they desire," she
said to them, meaningly.

"La Rosita shall take what pleases her," one of them laughed. Among the
handful of coins and small nuggets he brought from his pocket was a
bullet strung on a bit of dirty twine.

"Ah! a love token, senor?"

"Yes, from the throat of Betsy Jane" (a term often used for a rifle).

"In twenty minutes, my friends, there will be opened a chute into
purgatory for all who are in this bar room. Your 'love token' names you
Senor Bell's men. Before then you will seek the rear of the room - eh?"

She drifted away from them to pause at a small table where sat a young
man alone.

"And you, pretty fellow, you are new in California?"

"Yes, I landed in San Francisco only ten days ago." He was new indeed,
or he would have realized the danger of telling his business to the
first person who asked.

"You go far, senor?"

"Not now. I have come far, but my journey is near to a very happy


"Yes. I have come to marry Miss Elena Ashley, at Auburn, to whom I have
been long betrothed."

She tapped her white teeth with her fan.

"And yet you linger at Mountaineer House?"

"Horses are expensive, and I am not rich. I walked. I was tired. I saw
you in your garden, and you are very beautiful."

Rosa's capricious vanity was touched. The whim seized her to save this
exuberant young bridegroom from the fate before him.

"Do you see that peddler - old Rosenthal - close to the bar? He brought
in a large and rich pack tonight. It lies in the next room. Do you go
there at once. I will come soon, and together we will select a gift for
your bride. Go quickly!"

She passed again behind the bar. Jack Phillips was at one end, lame Jim
Driscoll at the other, Tom Bell in the middle. Rosa paused near a
branching candelabra which had once graced the altar of a Spanish

"Is Jose below?" whispered Bell. She nodded. "Why did you save that boy,
just now? A new lover?" She directed upon him a level glance of hate.

"I do what pleases me, senor." She raised her arm high, beginning the
first stamping measure of a Spanish dance. Instantly there was a curious
rumbling noise in the stable underneath. Rosa swept over the candelabra.
All the lights in the place were struck out. Phillips and Driscoll
slipped two great bolts, and the entire bar-room floor swung downward on

The chute to purgatory was open!

There was bedlam in that dank pass to the region of shades, and no
quarter was shown to any man; only cries of "The String! The String!"
from members of the gang in order to distinguish the robbers from the
robbed, in the darkness. There were curses, the kicking and squealing of
horses in their stalls; a verse from the Talmud recited in Yiddish
(which suddenly stopped), and above it all the high and hysterical laugh
of a woman.

The boy turned from the peddler's pack as Rosa entered the room. "What
is that horrible noise?"

"A fight. Come, you had better go." She led him down a dark stair to
another section of the cellar. "Jose," she called. An evil looking
Mexican pushed open a rough door. "You shall take this man out through
the second tunnel."

"Si, senora."

"And, Jose, he shall reach the outer opening alive, and with all his
belongings. He has no money. Do you hear?" Jose grunted. "Go, now,
under, cover of the noise."

"But the gift for Elena!"

Rosa laughed mockingly. "What a child it is! My gift to Elena tonight,
is you - her lover. Ask her to thank me with a prayer from her pure
heart for my sins."

Jose led the young man through a long, damp, evil-odored passage
underground, and out through a trapdoor at the extreme end of the
garden. A shrub grew on top of the door, surrounded by a bed of fragrant
wild pansies. Jose kicked the staring youth away from the entrance and
vanished into the earth looking, in the lantern-light like a malevolent
fiend returning to the realm of everlasting fire.

* * * * *

The balls which were given at the Franklin House on the old Pioneer road
were the most pretentious of the year. Feminine loveliness in silks and
cameos gathered from every section. General Sutter and his officers
sometimes were there, and the Spanish grandees brought to them the
lovely, star-eyed beauties of their households.

On this night a brilliant assemblage stood about in the ballroom floor
ready for a quadrille. Elena Ashley and her betrothed were near the wide
entrance doors.

"There is "Sheriff Paul of Calaveras County," she told him. "He does not
dance. I wonder what brings him here?"

The doors opened and Rosa Phillips entered, magnificently jewelled and
dressed in a rich silk of pearl grey. Elena stared, clutching at her
partner's arm.

"Oh, look!" she shrieked , "she is wearing my wedding dress. My wedding
dress which was stitched at the shop of Rosenthal the peddler, in
Sacramento, and which he was to bring me two weeks ago. I know it is
mine! There is the pearl passe-mentre on it that was my mother's. There
is none other like it in California!"

"So?" answered Rosa cooly, glancing down at the voluminous silken folds
of her robe. Then she stood waving her big fan, her large, dark eyes
roving across the throng.

"Mine Host" came quickly forward. "It is not permitted, senora, that you
- "

Rosa smiled cynically. "I, the silken hawk, came not to flutter your
nest of doves, senor. I came but for a little hour to meet a man who -
Ah, he is coming now. Sheriff Paul, I have that to tell you which - "

The sheriff offered his arm ceremoniously and they passed out of the
ballroom. Tender hearted Elena was conscience stricken. She dropped her
lover's arm and darted after them through the big doors.

"Oh, I am sorry, I did not mean - please, Sheriff Paul, she may have
the dress, poor thing! But for her, I should have had no man to marry on
my wedding day next week."

Sheriff Paul turned quickly. Elena, frightened, clapped two little hands
over her mouth. Rosa shrugged indifferently, and tipping back her small,
black head, listened to the music in the ballroom.

"Madam," to Rosa, "you sent for me, making strange promises which, for
the safety of this community, I hope that you are now pleased to keep."

Without lowering her chin she looked at him through sinister, narrowed
eyelids, and a smile of triumphant malice touched her face.

"Senor, I make no promises which I fail to keep," she answered, "and
there is also a promise which I made Senor Tom Bell - "

* * * * *

"There is some one knocking at the cellar door," said Tom Bell to
Phillips. "See who is there, and be careful that you let no one in
without the bullet and the password."

"Tom, I'm afraid," whined Driscoll "that Spanish devil's promised to
get you hung more than once lately, and last night I know she sent that
Mexican Jose of hers out somewhere with a string and bullet. I saw them
- "

"What! Why didn't you tell me before? Listen! Phillips is in trouble! Go
help him! Call the boys! Hurry!" As Jim Driscoll, with a halt in his
walk, left him, Tom Bell stole quietly to one of the tunnels and ran to
the trap-door which opened into an outhouse.

He found the corral full of saddle-horses and the Mountaineer House
completely surrounded by Sheriff Paul's, posse.

"Come on, boys," said a voice.

"Did he get in?"

"Ye-ah - put his hand in with the bullet on a string, got his foot in
the door, gave the password and heaved the door wide open. Come on, now,
and there's orders not to take the woman, remember."

Bell stole a rawboned roan from the corral and was far from the
frightful battle at Mountaineer House before he dared burst forth into
the vituperation which he heaped upon the name of Rosa Phillips.

* * * * *

Rosa sat strumming her guitar idly, and musing upon the events of the
past few months. Jack Phillips was serving a term in prison. Driscoll
had also been sent to the penitentiary. One day a rumor reached her that
he was threatening to turn state's evidence, and to divulge the truth in
regard to Rosenthal.

Three days later an iron bar was accidentally(?) dropped on his head;
through some mysterious agent he was given poison, and died. At the
memory of it Rosa smiled her enigmatic and implacable smile. Tom Bell
was at large somewhere far to the north and she - she was rich now and
she would go back to Monterey, perhaps. She drew her guitar closer and

"The far distant sound of a harp's soft strings - an echo on the air,
The hidden page may be full of sweet things, of things that once were fair.
There's a turned down page in each life, and mine - a story might unfold,
But the end was sad of the dream divine. It better rests untold."

It was time for Harlan to arrive. Charlie Harlan, the man whom she hoped
to cajole into buying Mountaineer House. She strolled out into the
garden as Harlan rode up and tied his horse under one of the trees.

A happy pair passed. A delicate girl mounted upon a little mule and a
sturdy youth walking in the dust, his hand upon the beast's shoulder.
With their serene and joy-illumined faces they somehow suggested the
holy family, symbolical of all that was divine in a sordid world.

The girl smiled and waved to Rosa, but the young man doffed his hat
coldly and hastened by.

"The sweet little Elena," said Rosa to herself, "and her lover-husband.
I wear the silken wedding gown which no lover sees, but she travels the
way in calico with the man she loves. May the Blessed Virgin grant that
she shall have no turned down pages in her life," and forcing her proud
and bitter mouth into a provocative smile, she went forward to welcome

The Hanging of Charlie Price


"He goes to the well,
And he stands on the brink,
And stops for a spell
Jest to listen and think:
Let's see - well, that forty-foot grave wasn't his, sir,
that day, anyhow."

- Bret Harte.

Everywhere in the foothills of the Sierras there are still evidences of
gold mining. High cliffs face the rivers, all that is left of hills torn
down at the point of the powerful hydraulic nozzles, with great heaps of
cobbles at their base which Mother Nature, even in seventy years has
been unable to change or cover.

At the mouth of nearly every ravine there are countless little mounds
which marked the end, or dump of the sluice-box in the placer mining.
When the mound got the proper height the sluice was simply lengthened,
like putting another joint onto a caterpillar - and there you were! The
sluice-boxes have long since been moved away or rotted to mould but the
little mounds remain, to be mansions for hustling colonies of small
black ants.

The country, in various localities, is pitted with prospect holes, and
the hills are pierced with drift tunnels and abandoned mines. Some of
the prospect holes are mere grassy cups, others are very deep and partly
filled with water.

Some of the most engrossing days of my childhood were spent in exploring
these places with my two boy companions. We would fell an oak sapling
across the mouth of the hole, tie a rope, usually my pony's lariat, to
the tree and slide down it to explore the depths below. If we came to a
side drift we would swing into it, light our candle-lanterns and go
looking for gold. We were always sure that we should yet find a
forgotten cache of gold - perhaps guarded by a lonely skeleton - but we
never did!

About all we ever got out of it was snake-frights (naturally, sans
alcoholic origin), until we were sure, the snakes were not rattlers;
baby bats, which invariably tried to bite us; swallows' eggs, wet feet,
and a good spanking if the family happened to find out what we had been
up to.

I suppose that it really was a very dangerous pastime, for although
sometimes the drift tunnel led us to a sunlit opening on the hillside,
more often we reached a blind end and were forced to return to the main
shaft and to "shin" up the rope, with from ten to forty feet of inky
water waiting to catch us if we fell.

Or we went up the river to "swing the rocker" for old Ali Quong. He
always pretended to drive us away, bellowing fiercely as soon as he
caught sight of us, "Whassa malla you? Alle time you come see Ali Quong!
Ketchem too-oo much tlouble for po-or old Chinaman" - the whole time
with his wrinkled, brown face wreathed in smiles.

There we stayed the long summer afternoon, swinging the rocker while
Quong shoveled in the pebbly dirt, watching him take the black sand,
which held the gold, off the canvas with his little spade-like scoop,
and panning it for him in the heavy iron pan, fascinated to see what we
should find. Usually only a few small nuggets in a group of colors
(flake gold), but once we found a good sized nugget which Quong
gallantly gave me for a "Chinese New Year" gift. At dusk he sent us
home, each with a bar of brown barley sugar - smelling to the blue of
opium - which he fished out of one of his numerous jumpers with his
long-fingered, sensitive hands.

They are dead, long ago - Ah Quong, old Sing, Shotgun-Chinaman - and
gone to the blessed region of the Five Immortals, I know, but every true
Californian will understand the regard the pioneer families had for
these faithful Chinese servitors who took as much loving pride in the
aristocratic and unblemished names of their "familees" as the white
persons who bore them. Four generations of my family, old Sing lived to
serve - but I must get on with my forty-niner's tale of the hanging of
Charlie Price!

"Eh, mon, but the spring is here again," said Jim "Hutch" (Hutchinson)
to Old Man Greeley.

"Is it so, now?" returned the little man, gazing off through the sunny,
velvet air to a world which had been painted clean, new green. His
shrewd, blue eyes returned to the ponderous Scotchman.

"And how came you to realize that it was spring?" he asked maliciously.

"How came you to lick Sandy McArthur-r-r?" Hutchinson came back at him.
"Tell me that."

"Well, but whisper, man," said old Jimmie plaintively, "what else could
a man be after doin'? Me boots were on, an' I could not run away an'
climb a tree, so I used them on McArthur."

"Ye're a wild fightin' Irishman with no regard for the Sabbath,"
returned Jim Hutch, sternly. Now Greeley had a fear of what the dour old
Scotchman might tell upon him. It would not pay to lose his Celtic

"It was to church I was goin'." he growled. "'Twas why I was wearin' me
red-topped high boots."

"Where was church that day, whatever? At the Widow Schmitt's?"

Jimmie squirmed. "You mentioned the beautiful spring, I mind," he
countered deftly. Suddenly Jim Hutch grinned.

"I'll tell ye why. I was gaein' down frae Rattlesnake this afternoon an'
Charlie Price an' his Leezie were out in his bit garden a-plowin'. Mon,
ye could hear him for miles!"

It was even so. Old Charlie Price had decided that it was high time to
put in his vegetable garden. He went out to the lean-to in his corral to
inform Lizzie, the mare, of his intention. Lizzie was always the
unwilling partner of these agricultural peregrinations, and, now she saw
him approaching with the harness, she ran away with much snorting and
scattering of sod.

"Hey, you, Liz," roared Charlie, "you goot-for-not'ing buckskin lummix,
you com mit!" He flourished the halter rope at her. Lizzie flattened her
ears, opened her mouth like a yawning snake, and ran at him. Old Charlie
let out a whoop that brought the sheriff from Rattlesnake at full speed,
and could be heard (so they say) all the way across the river to Wild
Goose Flat, six miles away.

Even Lizzie, accustomed as she was to Charlie's mannerisms, was frankly
startled and meekly allowed herself to be caught. She did not like to
plow. She was a saddler and a pair of tugs and a collar bored her. With
a cinch one could puff out in true wild-horse fashion while the latigo
strap was being pulled, and afterward be fairly comfortable, but a
slipping collar was neither off nor on. She shook herself impatiently
and the collar slid down her neck to her ears.

"Hey!" bellowed Charlie, "you don't vear it so! You - " The mare stamped
at a fly, bringing her hoof down on the old Dutchman's foot. His
blood-curdling whoops and yells brought the sheriff in on a brilliant
finale to a record-breaking run.

"What's the matter? Are you being murdered?"

"Who, I'm?" asked Charlie, absent-mindedly. He was nursing the injured
member, wondering whether to kick at Lizzie with it, knowing full well
that he stood a good chance of her kicking back again' but when she
snapped viciously at the puffing sheriff he decided against it.

"You com' to see me?" he asked, in a bland, so-glad-you've-called tone.

"To see you! Why, I've come to save your life!"

"So? Dot's goot, but Lizzie undt me, ve ain't got so much time today.
It's vegetables I sell in Rattlesnake undt ve go to plow, now."

"Well, you old fool, after this you can call in vain if anything happens
to you. I'll never bother with you."

"Oh, vell, ven I got a little excitement I got to yell about it, ain't

"Maybe you have - and after this you can, for all of me," and the
wrathful sheriff departed. He was new in the community or he would have
known that the plowing of Charlie Price and Lizzie was a regular event
of each season, for which an audience gathered to lay bets for and
against the probability of his dying of apoplexy before it was finished.

The plowing progressed in this manner:

Charlie put the point of the plow in the soft earth and roared at the
motor-power. Lizzie started off at a nimble lope. The plow cut a pretty
curve and flew out of the ground. Charlie reefed the reins at once,
completely turning off the power. Then he put the reins about his neck,
grasped the handles of the plow with both hands, and zoomed commands
again at the champing power. "Power" jumped ahead. The reins nearly
snapped old Charlie's head off, but effectually brought the mare to a

"Vait, you dunder-undt-blitzen apful peelings! You - you think dot
plowing is not high-toned enough, yet - hey? Vell, I show you!"

He picked up a huge clod of soft dirt held it aloft in both hands and
banged it down on Lizzie's back - whereupon she promptly ran away! She
galloped furiously to the end of the field with the plow banging in
scoops and leaps, and old Charlie, dangling on the end of the reins,
flying along in seven-league jumps behind her. As soon as he caught his
breath sufficiently for renewed directions, the cavalcade returned to
the grandstand and operations were repeated.

Charlie had been a sailor before he came to California, and he plowed
(?) each furrow with a collection of forceful admonitions, delivered in
a voice of thunder, from a different language. It was all the same to
Lizzie! She loathed plowing just as thoroughly in wildcat Spanish, as
she did in Dutch or Cingalese, and she did not hesitate to prove it.

Jim Hutch and Jimmie Greeley drifted down to Rattlesnake at sundown and
joined the laughter-weakened group perched upon Charlie's snake fence.

"The man grows more daft every year. 'Tis strange, what charms the Widow
Schmitt." Old Jimmie merely growled in his beard. "Charlie, mon," he
called, "the mare is warm and weary, and so's yoursel'. Come on to town
for a bit."

Charlie stayed overlong at the miners' haunts in Rattlesnake and it was
very late when he started back to his cabin, carrying in one limp, hot
hand a jug which he guarded zealously from harm during his unsteady

The men still sat over the card tables when the first daylight crept
over the mountains. Jimmie Greeley was raking in a jackpot, grinning
fiendishly at the dour Jim Hutch when they heard heavy, running feet
outside. The door crashed open and a frightened, half-grown lad shouted:

"Where's the sheriff? Charlie Price has been hung!"


"On a tree near the Widow Schmitt's. I saw him. I know well the sailor
coat that he wears - and his best red-topped boots. Where's the

"Over at Ah Quong's, the Chinee store on the edge of town." The boy ran
off. Old Jim Hutch rose impressively to his feet.

"Friends, the man ye hae laughed at all day - is dead. The man ye hae
always laughed at - and yet, WHO was it that lent ye gold when ye had
none? Yea, the gold ye thought it not worth ye'r while to return. Who
was ever ready to warm you at his bit fire in winter or to cool ye're
whuskey-hot throat with water from his cool spring in summer?

"Who was it that brought his mare into his own kitchen when it snowed,
and fed her the rice and beans he went without? Who was it that the
Widow Schmitt waits for year after year, with half the ould fools in
Placer dancin' after her?"

That was too much for old man Greeley.

"Because he was indifferent-like. When ye want a woman, run away
f-r-r-om her and she'll run after."

"Why did ye na do it, then, Jeems?"

"Faith an' I did, but bein' ahl dressed up as I was in me coat, she
couldn't see me suspenders to tell was I comin' or goin'!" Jim Hutch
turned from him witheringly.

"Who was it staked ye for a new prospectin' trip, an' let his own mine
go unworked? Who nursed ye when ye were lyin' seeck unto death, an' no
one would come nigh on account of the smallpox scare? Old Charlie

A boy whirled about to face the window, but not before one
uncontrollable sob had sounded through the quiet room.

"Who was it," went on the old Scotchman gently, "found the wee bairn
that was lost, last summer; that followed the Indians for thirty miles
on his Leezie-mare and got the babe from out the wickiup of White
Beaver? Charlie Price.

"Who came bringing it haeme laughing, on the saddle pommel while he sang
to it songs from ower seven seas, which we did blush to hear, in a voice
to be heard twa miles about? And 'twas only the bairn's mother who
thought to thank him.

"Yea, and furthermore, when the incensed people would hae wipet out the
while tribe of White Beaver, who dashed at the mob wi' the roars of a
bull-bison forcin' them to hear that the squaw was crazed from the death
of her own bit bairn, and but tryin' to comfort her sore heart? Who, I'm
askin' ye?" and from each man's lips came the murmur like a response to
a litany:

"Charlie Price."

From the open door a cool dawn breeze blew in from the Sierras, pure
forerunner to the new day. It whirled the heavy smoke plumes into forms
of vanished ghosts, like the tortured figments of each man's conscience
who had done, and "left undone" that which it was forever too late to

The sheriff walked in.

"This boy says that old Charlie is gone." He stood with his broad hat
off, running his fingers nervously through his hair. "Gentlemen - I - I
must confess - I heard the poor man calling, but - "

"Mon, in an ancient book named 'Mr. Aesop, His Fables,' there was a tale
of the lad who cried 'wolf.' Many there are here who have read it. Come,
let us gae after poor Charlie."

In the first daylight they reached the tree with its gruesome burden.

"But - but," sputtered the keen-eyed little Irishman, "'Tis not Charlie
at all! 'Tis but an effigy dressed in Charlie's clothes and hung at the
Widow Schmitt's gate."

"As a warnin' to him frae some mutton-head lover of hers."

They ran as one man across the road to Charlie's cabin. It was empty.

"He was callin' 'Help'," said the round-eyed boy.

"Yes, we heard him," added the sheriff.

They had come up the road. They started back down the trail.

* * * * *

Charlie had got nearly home when he began to worry about a deep prospect
hole near the trail known as "Rosenhammer's Shaft." He must be careful
to avoid it. Suddenly his foot slipped on a pebble. He clutched
unavailingly at a manzanita and rolled into a circle of inky blackness.
Rosenhammer's Shaft! Now he was lost, indeed.

But, no. As he slid he came against a sturdy live-oak bush which he
clutched, managing to stop his descent into the next world for the time
being. He even, swung one leg over a wiry limb, and there he clung,
puttering sailors' argot, considering his sins, and roaring for help in
his best fortissimo tone.

The shaft was said to be a hundred feet deep. It was filled part way
with oily water, and inhabited by snakes and monsters of the
subterranean deeps. People had fallen in and drowned, and had been known
never to rise again. The ghost of a Chinaman who had been murdered and
flung down, was said to float up from its depths at night to range the
earth, seeking the perpetrator of the fiendish deed.

Charlie wished that he had led a more blameless life that he had not so
thoroughly beaten the Indian who had sold him a salted mine; that he had
not made Lizzie plow; that, above all, he had married the Widow Schmitt
when she had so plainly shown her liking for him.

Well, it did not matter much. He would fall in forty feet of water and
they would never find him. He wished that he had drunk that which the
jug contained. It was growing daylight. What was the day, then, to him?
He would never live to see it. His arms were numb. He must soon let go
and fall to his doom.

He heard voices but was too spent to call out. As a crowd of men came
running over the hill, his arms were slipping - slipping. It was almost
broad day.

He made one last, herculean effort to hold fast, turning his head over
his shoulder to glance into the deathtrap below and - just as his
repentant rescuers reached him, he gave a disgusted snort and fell -
three feet to the bottom of the hole!

In the darkness he had safely passed the Rosenhammer shaft and had
fallen into the six-feet-deep prospect hole of his own claim.

Two days later, Charlie married the Widow Schmitt

"Rattlesnake Dick"


"Again swings the lash on the high mountain trail,
And the pipe of the packer is scenting the gale;
For the trails are all open, the roads are all free,
And the highwayman's whistle is heard on the lea."

- Bret Harte.

We were riding one day under the Digger pines, down an abandoned old
road toward Mountaineer House. As usual, my spirited half-Arab, as white
as she was fleet, had put me far in the lead. She loved a race as well
as I did, but she ran it to suit herself. If I tried to interpose any
theories of my own, she calmly took the bit in her teeth and after that
I devoted most of my energies to hanging on!

Mammy Kate, own daughter of Nancy Gooch of Coloma, would scold when I
came home with torn skirt and a bump on my forehead: "Now, den, look at
dat chile! Been hoss-racin' agin su'ah as Moses was in Egypt! I shall
suttenly enjine yo' fathah to done gin' yo' plow-hoss to ride so yo's
gwi' git beat wiff yo' racin', and quit. Spects yo' had 'nothah tumble,
didn't you'? You' wait till Katie gits de camph-fire an' put on dat

So did Katie's scoldings invariably end in renewed pampering of her
"chile," and so did I continue to race every horse in the community and
usually to win.

With one small ear laid back to listen for the other horses, little
white Flossie flew along the grassy track, darting around the chapparal
bushes which had grown up and jumping the fallen tree trunks. Suddenly
we came out of the woods and she shied violently at a man who was
digging a fence-post hole, directly in the road. I always rode Indian
fashion without stirrups of any kind, so of course I was catapulted
neatly over her head.

"Hello. Otto," I said, remaining seated in the road and catching at
Floss' bridle rein, "what have you found?"

Otto was sifting the loose dirt in the hole through eager fingers.

"Hello! I've found some money here in the ground. I wonder - oh, yes,
I've heard my mother tell about it! This was the old pioneer road and it
was at this very spot that Rattlesnake Dick and some of his gang held up
the Wells-Fargo stage coach and got such a lot of money. They say
there's still $40,000 buried on Trinity Mountain, half of what was
waiting when Rattlesnake Dick got killed."

Rattlesnake Dick, pirate of the placers, prince of highwaymen! Magical
name - irridescent bubble from the pipe of romance. Proud, imperious,
bitter Dick! What a splendid old name he had been born to, and what
blows Fate had dealt him which led to his tragic end!

The others had come up by this time and we sat in a circle listening
again to the story of the bold and brilliant Englishman whom two
undeserved jail sentences had turned into such a picturesque dare-devil
of a highwayman. However, I disagreed with Otto's version of the robber

"But you have made him out all bad," I told him. "I have heard the story
often, and he wasn't all bad by any means."

"He was a wild desperado. Why, even after he was dead and lying on the
sidewalk in Auburn, a man came up and kicked his face."

"Yes, and they say that everybody in the county was mad about it, and
when the man ran for supervisor more than a year later, no decent person
would vote for him and he lost his election." Now, the true story of
Rattlesnake Dick is this, and I never tire of hearing it:

"Would you present me to your sister's friend, then, George?"

"Why not."

"I am an Ishmailite! I, the son of an honorable English gentleman, have
done a term in prison."

"But these ideas are extreme, Dick. There is no such general opinion of
you. Were you not exonerated from having stolen the wretched little
Jew's goods? It is all forgotten," and George Taylor paused in his
restless pacing, before the long, graceful figure on the bunk against
the wall. Dick raised handsome eyes whose flashing light was made of

"George, I wish - how I wish that it were forgotten. But it is not. They
whisper it in doorways, and over the card tables and down in the drift
tunnels. Wherever I go it follows me like an evil spirit, rearing its
unclean head between me and all fair things." His deep voice reflected
the hurt in his dark eyes, and his broad shoulders drooped in

"Dick - Dick, the gay the debonair - this is not like you. Brace up,
man, and come with me to this opening of the new opera house, if only to
add to my pleasure. All the town will be there to hear the singer who
has just landed in San Francisco from Boston."

"She it was who brought you the letter from your sister?"

"Yes, yes. They were school-mates. She is beautiful, and you shall meet
her after the concert."

The "Opera House" was crowded, the front rows seating the leading men of
the community and their richly clad wives and daughters. In the back
rows, seated on benches and around the side walls were, the roughly
dressed miners and the usual flotsam of a mining town. The singer was
not of the hurdy-gurdy type so common in those days, but a "lady,"
young, lovely and accomplished. Her ballads were greeted with the
greatest enthusiasm, and soon the stage began to be showered with gold.
The miners brought her back again and again, calling the names of songs
they wished to hear. Hundreds of dollars of gold were tossed up to her,
whilst she smilingly complied with all their requests.

"One more," they shouted, "only one more, and her slippers shall be
filled with gold dust." She slipped out of her little sandals and stood,
blushing modestly, hiding her silken feet under her long, wide skirts.

"You are very kind to a lonely stranger," she called, to an instantly
silenced audience, "and I will sing for you a song which has but lately
come from London. 'Tis from a new opera called the Bohemian Girl,
composed by Master Balfe," and folding her little hands before her, she
sang sweetly, "Then You'll Remember Me."

"When other lips and other hearts their tales of love shall tell
Of days that have as happy been, and you'll remember - you'll remember

"Dick, why do you cover your eyes? You are surely not asleep?"

"By all the Gods, man, the accusation is an insult," with a haughty
flash of his great eyes.

"You are to be presented; have you forgotten?"

"Forgotten! While life lasts, I shall remember this night."

"Hush, this is the last. She is singing, "Home, Sweet Home'."

"Yes, 'Home,' for these wanderers from all over the earth. See how
silently they file out."

"There is many a tear among them. They will lie, tonight on memory's
couch of sad dreams."

"You are wrong, my friend," said Dick bitterly; "they are more like to
hasten down to the gambling hells to kill the visions memory would

* * * * *

"Sweet Bird, you cannot believe this thing of me!" The Singer-Lady
raised her bright head from Dick's shoulder, and met, steadfastly, his
passionately adoring eyes.

"Richard, how can you for one moment doubt me? I know you to be good and
true. Were you not exonerated from the last accusation of which you
informed me before you asked for my hand in marriage. And do we not know
that this man is actuated by the motive of jealousy ?"

"The Mormon beast! He knows well that I did not steal his mule."

"No' naughty boy," tapping him playfully with her fan, "'Twas something
else you stole from Master Crow the woman he wanted. Often have I
noticed on the streets how all women, every one, turn to look after

"I cared not for her." He shook his tall and beautiful head, impatient
of the silky black lock which fell across his forehead.

"Perhaps then 'tis your magnificent carriage they would admire," laughed
the girl, teasingly.

Dick swept her close to his heart. "My golden-throated dove, I cannot
join in your sweet laughter, for I have a boding heart, this day. I have
enemies. They will use my past record. The courts are new, and judgments
swift and cold. If they should send me again to the penitentiary I - "

"Dearest I should know you to be innocent, and I should wait for you."

He kissed her tenderly on cheeks, and eyes, and mouth. He took her hands
from his shoulders, slipping off the little silken mitts and putting
them in an inner pocket, and kissed the soft, pink palms.

"Ah, Lady-Bird, if I should not return you'll remember me?"


"My own pure love! No breath of shame shall ever sully your fair name
through me."

"Right well I know that, Richard. God bless you. I will pray for you
every hour."

At evening George Taylor brought her a note from Dick.

"Oh, George," she wailed, "they have sentenced him?"

"Two years in prison."

"But he was innocent!"

"Yes, and some day it will be proven." He looked at her strangely, "I
must tell you - Dick has broken jail and fled north to Shasta county,
where he will begin life anew. Then, if you still wish it, he will come
to you."

* * * * *

After four years the Singer-Lady returned for a concert at the little
Opera House in Rattlesnake. She went to her old quarters at the Widow
Miller's, on the edge of town.

"Eh, Dearie," cried the good woman, "what have they been doing to ye, so
to dim your bright youth, and to bring the sad lines to your mouth?"

"Mrs. Miller, where is he?"

"Ah - so that's the answer." The girl's eyes filled with tears.

"Four years - and for the last two, no word. I must find George Taylor.
Perhaps he - "

"Dearie, George Taylor is with Dick, and the Skinners and Cherokee Bob
and Lame Jim Driscoll. They say, too, that at times Dick rides with Tom
Bell's gang."

"Ah, he tried with all a strong man's power to win a new name for
himself - and for you - but Fate was too strong. His false record
followed him up and down the state from every idle throat, casting a
blight over all he sought to, do. Every sheriff hounded him on. Each
unproven crime was laid at his door."

"But why did he not come to me? Oh, he had my whole heart, and he knew

"He did come to you two years ago, to ask if you would return to Canada
with him, hoping that it was too far for tales from California to
travel. As soon as he reached San Francisco he was recognized by one of
the authorities and 'shown up' by the Vigilante Committee in the Plaza,
as they put up all dangerous characters for the police and the people to

"And whilst he was there you passed, walking with another man, and
looked him in the eyes and knew him not. 'Twas that which broke his
heart and made him the reckless and brilliant devil that he is today."

"But - but," cried the Singer-Lady, recovering from the daze these words
had placed upon her, "I did not pass. Oh, I should have fallen at his
feet - lost to all maidenly reserve - there before the people. It must
have been my sister, who had but lately come from Boston and so would
not know him," and she broke into uncontrollable weeping.

"There, child, dry your tears. Try to be brave. You care for him still?"

"Always. I have never ceased to pray for him. If I cannot become his, I
shall go lonely to my grave. Tell me everything, kind Mrs. Miller."

"He robs the stages of the Wells-Fargo box, but lets the passengers go
free, and he has never been known to take anything from a woman. He
says that since all the world is against him, his hand is against the

"His den is now at Folsom, they say, but he ranges far afield. He robs
the sluices, and the bullion trains, but he does not take horses or
mules except to get away with his booty. No cell can hold him. He has
escaped from every jail in the northern mines. He has been known to say,
'I shall never rot in a prison as long as a revolver can keep me out."'

"Oh, would he - "

"He would, indeed, Dearie, for the sake of his family name and the love
he bears you. His last big raid was upon George Barstow's Wells-Fargo
train from Yreka. They held them up on Trinity Mountain. Eighty thousand
dollars in bullion, they got, even with twenty men guarding it."

Mrs. Miller tiptoed to the window and looked out. Coming back to the
girl she whispered, "The guards are tied to trees, and the gang is
waiting for Dick and Cy Skinner to get back with new mules, as the
Wells-Fargo mules all are branded and would give them away, but if he
finds out that you are here he may - "

The Singer-Lady sprang to her feet! From the trees behind the house
floated a snatch of song in a clear baritone.

"When coldness or deceit shall slight the beauty now they prize;
When hollow hearts shall wear a mask, 'twill break your own to see.
At such a moment I but ask that you'll remember me, you'll - "

By this time the girl was sobbing in Dick's arms, and the
misunderstandings of four years were soon explained.

The Singer-Lady lifted her head at last to the sound of galloping
horses. Dick was looking calmly in their direction. Terror seized her.

"What is that?"

"You must return to the house. They must not see you here."

She clung to him with the wail of a breaking heart.

"It is the sheriff and his deputies. This morning George and I were on
the Folsom stage. We were stopped by a deputy sheriff and sternly
requested to alight. We entered into conversation with the gentleman of
the law - whom I had met several times before" (with a grim smile), "and
finally George, with due deference to authority, demanded to be shown
the warrant for our arrest.

"Whilst the simple creature was fumbling for it, we opened fire and,
springing from the top of the stage, escaped across Harmon Hill. The
vain fellow carried only a derringer, and how was one little bullet to
stop our race for liberty."

"Yet you returned here! That was madness."

"I heard of you and the longing to see you once more overcame every
other feeling."

"Do not fear, I knew that they would come. What was that to pay for the
chance of seeing you again. They can but put me in Auburn jail, and no
locks can hold me except the shining ones on this dear head. No prison
can keep me till I am laid in that last one beneath the grass, and there
I will wait for you dear love. I shall not hear the celestian singing
till your sweet voice has joined the angel choir, and your two hands -
see, I still carry the little mitts - shall open the door for me to
Paradise, as they have held all of heaven for me on earth.

"It may be in that last court, the Great judge of all will look into my
heart which strove to be honorable and will dismiss the accusations of
mere, mortal man."

* * * * *

As usual, Dick escaped the jail and with George Taylor attempted to get
away, but Fate had dealt him her last blow and on the scroll of his
precarious and bitter life had written finis. A mile above Auburn they
were overtaken by Assessor George W. Martin and Deputy Sheriffs Crutcher
and Johnston. In the terrible encounter which ensued Martin was
instantly killed and Dick mortally wounded.

They rode more than a mile at a furious pace, from the scene of his last
fight, before Dick lay down to die. George put him on his great riding
cloak and spread a saddle blanket over him. Then when he read a fresh
command in the highwayman's dark eyes he faltered.

"Dick, old friend - I cannot."

"I am shot through the breast, and again through the side. You promised
that when I came to this pass, you would grant the liberation I seek in

"I cannot. From any hand but mine may you find release."

"Very well" answered Dick, resolutely, "my own hand shall be given the
power to save my immortal soul." He wrote laboriously on a bit of
paper, "Rattlesnake Dick dies but never surrenders, as all true Britons

"Go, George," he said gently, "but first give me my pistol. I have in
my pocket here a letter from the sweetest of women. It says, 'I have
grieved but never despaired, for I have prayed to the Father that he
would restore you to the paths of rectitude, and I say faithfully, He
will save you. He sees in your heart a secret wish to be a better man.
'Seek ye first the kingdom of God, and all things shall be added
thereunto.' He will raise your head and make of you a new man'! I go to
Him, my brother." And, raising his gun, with a good woman's adored name
on his lips, he released his sorely tried heart from bondage into the

Indian Vengeance


"Those brave old bricks of forty-nine!
What lives they lived! What deaths they died!
Their ghosts are many. Let them keep
Their vast possessions. The Piute,
The tawny warrior, will dispute
No boundary with these . . . . . . . . .

- Joaquin Miller.

High water on the American came, usually, when the first warm rains
melted the snow on the mountains.

The placer miners toiled at furious pace all during the summer and fall.
The water, then not more than a rivulet, was deflected through flumes
from the river bed, so that all the sand of the bars could be put
through the sluices.

The men worked till the last possible moment in the narrow river bed,
only leaving in time to save their lives, and abandoning everything to
the sudden rush of the water. Their sluices, logs, flumes, water-wheels,
all their mining paraphernalia, sometimes even their living outfits,
were swept away in the floods.

The river was known to rise from 20 to 60 feet in 24 hours, in its
narrow and precipitous walls.

At flood time, then, we often went down to the river through the orchard
of big old cherry trees planted by my grandfather, to watch the mass of
wreckage rushing by. Great logs would go down end over end; mining
machinery caught in the limbs of uprooted trees; quantities of lumber,
and once a miner's bunk with sodden gray blanket and a wet and frantic
squirrel upon it. I worried for days over the fate of that squirrel.

They tell the story of a Chinaman floating down upon a log.

"Hello, John, where you go?" was shouted. John shook his head, sadly.

"Me no sabe! Maybe Saclimento - maybe San Flancisco. No got time talkee,

* * * * *

"Look, the water is up to the top of the old stone pier," said one of
the others.

"Mammy Kate's 'ghost' would have a hard time haunting it now," I
laughed. "He'd be under twenty feet of water."

"What ghost?"

"Why, the tollkeeper's, of the old bridge. The one who hated the Indians

"The Bear River tribe?"

"They were Diggers, but I think that nobody knew exactly which ones were
guilty. It was a fine bridge, the first suspension bridge in Placer

"It was washed away in the floods during the winter of '61 and '62,
wasn't it?"

"Yes and they built the new one a mile up the river at Rattlesnake Bar,
where it still hangs."

"What about the tollkeeper?"

Here is the story - with a bit of a prologue.

* * * * *

Captain Ezekiel Merritt, one of the "Bear Flag" party in Sonoma, came in
'49 to try his luck at mining on the Middle Fork of the American. His
party came at last, through a deep canyon to a large bar on which they
found among unmistakable evidences of a plundered camp both white man's
and Indian's hair. A great ash heap containing calcined bones was
undoubtedly the funeral pyre of white men and red men alike, and some
yelling savages upon the upper bluff confirmed the tragedy which Captain
Merritt's party had been too late to avert.

They drove the Indians away and Captain Merritt cut into the bark of an
alder the name "Murderer's Bar," by which the place has been called ever

The Merritt party stayed to work the bar. Before the summer passed the
river swarmed with men, some of whom joined forces to make up mining
companies. One of the rules of such a company: "Any shareholder getting
drunk during the time he should be on duty, shall pay into the common
treasury of the company a fine of one ounce of gold dust and shall
forfeit all dividends during such time." These fines, in some instances,
became so frequent as to cause a total disruption of the company.

The Indians returned to their villages in the hills. The foothill
Indians were not a particularly intelligent lot. They were Diggers, so
named on account of their habits of digging in the ground for roots, and
the larva of various insects for food. Eggs of ants, and the maggots
found in wasp's nests were considered great delicacies.

They also ate dried grasshoppers and young clover plants cooked as
greens. They ground acorns and manzanita berries into meal with the
stone mortars and pestles so commonly found through the countryside and
gathered and stored great caches of pine burrs full of nuts for the
winter. They were not as a rule quarrelsome, but - .

* * * * *

"Good morning, Phineas. I have brought your grub from Auburn, and here
is the bill."

It was a bright day in June and Phineas Longley, tollkeeper for the new
suspension bridge on Whiskey Bar, had had a busy morning. There was a
barbecue that day at the town on the other side, and a stream of people
had come down the Whiskey Bar turnpike and crossed the bridge. It was
getting warm and he was tired, and he read the bill gloomily:

"1 bottle gin, $6.00; 2 lbs. biscuits, $2.50; 1 ham, $24.00; 1 bottle
pickles, $6.00; 4 fathoms rope, $5.00; 1 watermelon, $4.00; 1 tin pan,
$16.00; 2 apples, $3.00."

Longley stuffed the bill in his pocket, and returned for his noon meal
to his log cabin on shore.

It was quite palatial - boasting a real floor made of puncheons, or hewn
logs. A bunk, against the wall, was made of a second log set four feet
from the log wall, with a hammock mattress of sacking stuffed with dried
bracken stretched between them. There was the usual huge fireplace of
granite rocks used for both warmth and cooking, and a box
pantry-cupboard nailed to the wall.

His cup and plate and saucer were of tin, and his cutlery was an iron
spoon, a three-tined fork and a hunting dagger. The dishes had not been
washed for weeks.

In warm weather he kept a few things in a small palisade driven in the
shallow water at the river 's edge, which was cool the year 'round.

Longley put his raised bread dough in a frying pan, put a second pan on
top, raked the ashes off some coals, and started it baking. A man on
horseback, driving two pack animals before him, stopped at the low

"Hello, John! Glad to see you," called Longley.

"Glad to get here. Like to sleep in a house again. Tired of shaking the
lizards out of my blankets every morning."

"Ever shake out a rattler?"

"Not yet, though they say it's been done more than once."

"You're just in time. Turn the beasts into the corral. And then will you
just ride back to Kitty Douglas' for me? She promised me a pie, and I
need a new starter for my sour dough (batter). By that time everything
will be ready to eat."

"You mean the 'Kitty Douglas' of the signs I've just passed?" asked
John, grinning.

"Yes. What were they, today?"

"'Fresh pies, by Kitty Douglas,' 'Bread made every day, by Kitty
Douglas,' 'New-laid eggs every day, by Kitty Douglas'!"

"Kitty's cooking is as fair as the reputation of her house is not. She
charges two dollars for a meal of pork and beans."

"'Tis the regular price everywhere. I'll be back soon." After the meal
John went to, the barbecue, imbibing rather freely of the fire-water
barrel and making a night of it.

Heavy travel continued over the bridge all afternoon - a prairie
schooner with three oxen, two mules and a bronco pulling it; a
prospector in his red flannel undershirt, driving a laden donkey; a
hurdy-gurdy troupe on its way to the barbecue; a stage-coach drawn by
six half-broken wild horses; an old Spanish settler on a beautiful,
black thoroughbred; a late arrival from Oregon, mounted upon a sturdy
mule with his young wife upon a pillion behind him, and a whole drove of
China-men being taken out to work a white man's claim up on the Divide.

There passed Welch miners, who were to be the fore-runners of quartz
mining; miners from Australia, who were to replace the wooden "bateas"
of the Mexicans with the rocker and the iron gold-pan, and the term of
"specimen" with "nugget."

Finally came a hale, old voyaguer whom Longley greeted heartily as he
swung open the toll gate:

"Greetings, Monsieur Francois Gendron, and from whence came you today?"
The big Frenchman handed over the "six-bits" toll for himself and his

"From New Helvetia."

"Ah - Sacramento."

"And I am bound for the North Fork Dry Diggings."

"Auburn?" smiled Longley.

"Bah! the new names! In my day we called them differently. I came across
the Rockies in '32, Monsieur. But I must be en route - here are sheep

After the sheep were counted and gone, Longley glanced scowlingly across
the bridge and hastily closed the tollgate. A band of Indians, several
on ponies but most of them on foot, crossed the bridge and halted before

"Go back, ye varmints!" growled Longley.

"No Indian pay," said the old chief. "He go the bridge and the road - no

"Well, the Chinamen paid."

"But the Indians, no! No pay. Me go Whiskey Bar - big pow-wow. Plenty
ox, plenty bear meat, plenty firewater - "

"You go back!" roared the tollkeeper, swearing, "and go ford the river.
That's good enough for a Digger! The ferry's been taken off, but the
water is not so high."

The old Indian scowled, and the young bucks began a guttural complaint
which he silenced with a gesture and a grunt of command.

"Water is cold, and those," pointing to the sheep, "have passed."

"You go back, I tell you! I hate every filthy brute of you! My best pal
was sent to glory in that funeral fire on Murderer's Bar, and no Indian
will ever get aught from me."

"Me pay," said the Indian leader slowly, "Me pay cayuse, me pay boy."

"No, you won't pay! You'll go back and wade the river like the low
beasts that you are."

The chief began a fierce oration. Longley ran into the tollhouse and
came out with a sawed-off shotgun.

"Now, will you go?" he cried, defiantly.

The Indians were sober, and they went. As they came abreast of the pier
under the bridge the toll-keeper jeered and laughed at them, and pelted
them with rocks.

They looked up with hate, but went stolidly on their way.

With darkness, the roistering at the barbecue became louder. The
Indians' money was gone by this time, and the fun was getting rougher.
The toll-keeper, after a weary day, was dozing beside his candle. He did
not see nor hear the stealthy forms which crept up the bridge. A board
creaked, and he jumped up and swung about, to find himself quickly
overpowered by a dozen lithe redskins.

They robbed the till, then held a palaver as to the disposition of their
prisoner. They finally left him tied with his own new rope to a huge
drift log at the base of the pier, and went back to buy more firewater.

It was a wild night!

John noticed, very late, that the Indians seemed to be having a special
pow-wow of their own on the river bank near the bridge. There was a
great fire, and mad dancing and war whooping. He started toward them.

"Don't go there, pardner," called an old trapper. "Them bucks is crazy
with drink, an' if I knows anything about Injuns, it won't be no safe
place for a white man."

So passed Longley's last chance for his life! His cries for aid were
mingled with the savage whoops of his ferocious enemies. Even the people
living across the river who heard his continued shouts, took them to be
part of the celebration.

Maddened by drink and by the ever mounting excitement of their
incantations, one of the most ghastly deeds ever perpetrated by Indians
upon the whole river was finished before daylight.

The condition of Longley's body upon its discovery roused the entire
settlement, but the Indians had vanished over the hills and across Bear
river. The chief had gone home at sundown, and it was as impossible to
find those who were on the bar that night, as to distinguish one grain
of sand from another.

The old pier stands to this day, notwithstanding the fierce battering of
the floods of nearly seventy years; a monument enduring long after the
Digger Indians are gone off the face of the earth, as though to
commemmorate the power of the white race and that member of it who gave
up his life at its base.

Grizzley Bob of Snake Gulch


"Be the battle lost or won,
Though its smoke shall hide the sun,
I shall find my love - the one
Born for me!"

- Bret Harte.

Names of settlements in the '49 days were often as "Rough an Ready" as
the reasons for their being!

Most of them spoke, more or less eloquently, for themselves and no man
picked by fame in glowing wise from the heterogeneous mass of persons
could hope to escape a nickname.

A miner was discovered roaming down a river bed minus his nether
garments, and lives to this day in the appellation of Shirt Tail canyon.
Two men fought. One of them lost an eye in the manner indicated by Gouge
Eye. Hundreds of wild geese were wont to gather on a sunny mesa above
the river. It made a splendid level town called Wild Goose Flat. The
plains were covered with "Antelope." The end gate of a prairie schooner
was lost on a hill, and Tail Gate mountain came into being.

Humbug Creek panned light with gold. Red Dog, Hangtown, Round Tent
Claims, Dry Diggings, Let 'Er Rip, You Bet, Yuba Dam, One Horse Town,
and Hell's Delight shriek for themselves, or should!

This, then, is the tale of Grizzley Bob, who mined in Snake Gulch at the
foot of Bear Mountain.

"The bear made straight for me! Old Bull-doze was hangin' onto him
below, somewhere, but I dropped my Killer (gun) and grabbed my knife,
'cause I knew if I didn't get in on him with Slasher it was all up with
both of us. Bear and I took a tight grip on each other and I hit
straight for his heart just as he gave me a swipe in the face.

"We both fell, the bear on top, and then I didn't remember anything for
awhile. When I woke I felt something heavy on my stomach, but I couldn't
see anything for blood."

"Hu-ray!" cheered old Solly Jake, thinking the tale was finished.

Sick Jimmy, from behind the bar, prodded him good-humoredly.

"Dry up, Soll."

"I am dry," whimpered old Soll, "I'm dryer'n before I got drunk!"

"Here, then," pushing a bottle across the redwood slab used for a bar,
"the drinks are on Grizzley Bob and Handsome Harry, tonight."

"Was it such a big strike they made?"

"It sure was. Go on, Bob," he called to the tall, magnificently built
young spokesman, "then what?"

"After awhile I managed to crawl from under that old grizzley and when
I'd wiped the one good eye that was left, I saw him lying there as stiff
and dead as a mackerel, with Slasher sticking in his heart clean up to
the handle. It was pretty near dark then, but the sun was just showing
hisself over the top of Bear mountain when I got to Rattlesnake Bill's
cabin, and you'll scarcely believe me but I didn't have enough grit left
to signal Bill I was there. I just settled down all of a heap-like and
that's the way they found me. Bill, he got a doctor from Angel's and
after awhile I pulled out all right, but I ain't been much of a beauty
since. Well, what th - ," as the door banged open to reveal an
exceedingly handsome blond youngster dragging in a cringing newcomer.

"Hi," he called, while two frolicsome imps danced in his splendid blue
eyes. "Any of you chaps got a rope handy? Time this fellow was strung up
over a limb to be a picture for coyotes to bark at!"

"Hall, you let go, there. There'll be no chaffing a tenderfoot whilst
I'm around and you know it."

"Who says so?" laughed Handsome Harry.

"My foppish friend," spoke up The Senator, "the reputation of Grizzley
Bob says so. A reputation that is the terror and admiration of every
mining camp in the mountains. A dead shot, a sure thing with the knife,
a heart to succor the oppressed and often to protect the shiftless,"

"I thank you, Senator! Your species of implication is worthy the
splendor of your mighty apparel. The old swallow-tail retains its
pristine glory, I perceive, though your other habiliments have one by
one yielded to the ravages of time, and been replaced by the rough and
ready garments of the frontier. Perchance - "

"Hall, have I got to make you let go of this pore devil!" Bob's powerful
figure came forward into the full light of the huge fireplace. One-half
the face above the comely form was hideously repulsive. It had been
literally torn away and what remained was so scarred and seamed that it
scarcely bore any resemblance to a human countenance.

His one remaining eye was large, dark and glowing with kindness as he
bent over the victim of his partner's latest joke.

"Ye-ah," drawled old Doc Smithers, precipitating a large mouthful of
brown liquid into the fireplace. "Bob, he'll pet 'im, an' that ol'
bulldog o' his'n 'ull lick im, an' next thing we know Bob'll be givin'
'im a claim, just like he took in Handsome Harry hisself goin' on two
years ago. Look at the dandy, struttin'! Bob buys 'im all them fancy
togs an' loves to see 'im wearin' 'em. White hands, an' red cheeks, an'
straight nose like a gal. Swan, ef he wasn't so ornery an' long-limbed
I'd a mind to call 'im one. Ef 'twant for his hidin' behind Bob so,
I'd - "

What he'd have done was never known, for the whole room-full of
prankish, loud-voiced, roistering men was suddenly struck dumb by the
unwonted sound of a lady's voice out in the darkness.

Bull-doze reached her first, Bob next, and Handsome Harry third. She was
only a slip of a young thing and the fright she got from the kindly rush
of the old bulldog was immeasurably increased by Bob's frightful
caricature of a face. She turned, shuddering, to the handsome,
richly-decked young Englishman.

"My father and mother, sir, are very ill. I was going after a doctor,
but I am tired out. I can go no further. Oh, could one of you go on to
Angel's, whilst I rest with some lady of your town?"

Harry was apparently speechless from the thrall of her fresh young
beauty, because it was Bob who answered.

"You certainly can, Miss! Grizzley Bob's word on that. Where'd you come

"From Roundtree's, sir," timidly. Bob had turned to call orders through
the open door and the girl gasped as the strong, manly profile of the
unscarred half of his face was turned toward her. Bull-doze licked her
white fingers, and she stooped to pat his ugly head so that the long
curls at her temple might hide her face from the look in Hal's bold

"Hey, Antelope Bill, saddle that ewe-necked cayuse of yours and vamoose,
pronto, after the doctor. Plug Hat Pete, you've got the best cabin in
town. We'll want it for the lady."

"Help yourself, Grizzley," answered the gambler. "It is a privilege."

"I am to stay with Mrs. - Pete?" asked Becky, anxiously.

"Child, you're a-going to be as safe as if there was a lady in this
law-evadin' camp; which there isn't, exceptin' your own sweet and lovely


"You're a-going to have old Bull-doze watchin' inside the cabin and ten
decent and sober men watchin' outside it and nothin' short of a
messenger from up-skies could touch one pretty, red-gold curl on your
proud little head."

"Bob, I'll take her home to her mother," spoke up Harry who had never
once taken his bold gaze from the girl.

"No, you won't take her home to her mother, neither!"

Beckey was strangely comforted by the protective drawl of the big man's
voice. Accustomed as she had grown to the rapid transitions of the West,
she realized the fallacy of her first impression from his appearance.
That night laid the foundation of her regard for him, which was deeper
than a mere surface appeal, and which was never to waver.

* * * * *

"H'm," snorted Cornish Jack, shuffling a greasy pack of cards in Sick
Jimmie's place and watching two men go by, "that's the most willin' pair
on the gulch! Bob, he's willin' to do all the work, an' Handsome Harry,
he's willin' to let 'im. Fine house Bob's just built. Must of cost a

"They say that Miss Beckey and her mother are going to live in it,"
answered Plug Hat Pete. "I'll raise you ten."

"Handsome Harry's bin a-dancin' round that gal ever since they moved
here, six months ago."

"Yes, and the look in her eyes in another direction, is plainly to be
read." The implication was lost on Cornish Jack.

"Ol' Bob, he does all he can to throw 'em together. Air ye goin' to the
house warmin' tonight?"

"Certainly," said The Senator. "Particularly if we manage to keep old
Tommy Norton and Black Joe from getting intoxicated, so there will be a
pair of fiddlers on the gulch. Tommy, on such occasions, always has an
attack of religion which precludes the possibility of his assisting at
any profane scene of mirth, and Joe falls into a deep sleep from which
nothing can rouse him for twenty-four hours."

"There's Antelope back. I hear his roan."

"Well, who do you think I met down around the curve of Blackjack Hill?
That gal o' Bob's on her pinto and that sneakin' Handsome Harry on his
black mustang, ridin' full-bent-for-leather!"

The men rushed with one accord to Bob's cabin, where he sat before his
fireless hearth.

"We al'ays knew he was a sneakin' thief, but you wouldn't hear nothin'
agin him. Took all the bags of gold dust from your claim, too, didn't

"Now, boys, that isn't fair to call him a thief. He was my partner and
what was mine was his, and a man has a right to take his own wherever he
finds it."

"But the gal?" asked a chorus of voices.

"That girl wasn't in any way bound to me, and you can't expect a pretty
creature like her to care for such a beauty as I am, when there's a
fellow like Handsome Harry around. It don't stand to reason."

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