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Contigo Pan y Cebolla by Manuel Eduardo De Gorostiza

Part 4 out of 5

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*estomago* _m._ stomach

*estornudar* sneeze

*estratagema* _f._ stratagem

*Estuardo* Stuart

*estudiante* _m._ student

*estudio* _m._ study

*Etelvina* Ethelwyn

*eternidad* _f._ eternity

*eterno* eternal

*europeo* European

*evidente* evident

*evitar* avoid; prevent

*ex abrupto* suddenly

*exageracion* _f._ exaggeration

*exaltar* exalt; _fig._ carry away; *---- la cabeza* turn one's head

*excelente* excellent

*excitar* excite, arouse

*excusa* _f._ excuse

*exigir* demand; insist on

*existencia* _f._ existence

*exito* _m._ success

*experiencia* _f._ experience

*explicar* explain

*exponer* expose

*expresar* express

*expresion* _f._ expression

*expresivo* gracious, kind; expressive

*extasis* _m._ ecstasy

*extension* _f._ extent

*exterior* exterior; *en el ----* abroad

*extranjero* foreign

*extranar(se)* wonder, be surprised

*extrano* strange

*extraordinario* special, extraordinary

*extravagante* extraordinary, outlandish

*facil* easy

*falsedad* _f._ falseness

*falta* _f._ lack; fault; *hacer buena ----* be much in need of; be
absolutely necessary

*faltar* lack; *---- a* be lacking in; *no faltaba mas* (_expression
of dissent_) the idea! that would be the last straw

*fallo* _m._ decision, sentence

*familia* _f._ family

*fastidiar* weary; *----se* become bored

*fatigado* (_pp. of_ *fatigar*) fatigued, weary

*fatuo* fatuous, conceited

*favor* _m._ favor

*favorable* favorable *fe* _f._ faith; *a ----* _exclam._ upon my word

*fecundo* fecund, fertile

*felicidad* _f._ happiness

*feliz* happy

*feo* ugly

*fiar(se)* trust

*ficcion* _f._ fiction; stratagem, invention, trick

*figurar* figure; *----se* imagine

*filiacion* _f._ filiation

*filial* filial

*fin* _m._ end; *en ----, al ----, por ----,* after all; finally

*finalmente* finally

*fingir* pretend; plan; invent; counterfeit

*fino* fine, courteous, delicate

*firma* _f._ signature

*firmar* sign

*fisgonear* spy

*fisico* _m._ constitution

*fisonomia* _f._ physiognomy

*Flandes* Flanders; *punto de ----* Flemish lace

*fleco* _m._ fringe

*flor* _f._ flower

*fogosidad* _f._ fire, spirit

*fomentar* foment

*fomento _m._ development

*Fontana de Oro* (Golden Fount) famous cafe in Madrid much frequented
by such liberals and men of letters as the critic Larra and the
dramatist Gorostiza

*formacion* _f._ formation

*formar* form; *---- en el bando* join the faction

*forrar* line

*forro* _m._ lining; cover (of a book)

*fortuna* _f._ fortune, good luck; *por ----* fortunately

*fosco (hosco)* harsh, frowning

*fracaso* _m._ sorry plight

*fragil* fragile, frail

*frances* French

*Francia* _f._ France

*Francisco* Francis

*franco* open

*frase* _f._ phrase; sentence

*frecuencia* _f._ frequency

*fregado* _m._ tangle

*fregar* scrub

*frenetico* frenzied

*frente* _m._ front; _f._ brow, forehead

*fresco* fresh, cool

*frio* _m._ cold

*friolera* _f._ trifle

*frugalmente* frugally

*fruto* _m._ fruit

*fuego* _m._ fire

*fuelle* _m._ bellows

*fuera* outside; *---- de si* beside one's self

*fuerte* _adj. and adv._ loud; loudly; strong; strongly

*fuerza* _f._ force; *por ----* of necessity

*fulano* _m._ so-and-so

*fundar* found; base

*furioso* furious

*furor* _m._ fury

*futuro* _m._ future

*gabacho* _m. disrespectful word for_ French; poor Spanish

*gabinete* _m._ boudoir

*gaceta* _f._ gazette

*gallina* _f._ hen; *la ---- ciega* blind man's buff

*gamo* _m._ buck (of the fallow deer)

*gana* _f._ desire; *tener ----* want

*ganar* earn; *le ----ia la voluntad* must have won for him the good
will

*garabato* _m._ scrawl

*garbanzo* _m._ chick-pea

*gastar* spend

*gato* _m._ cat

*gemir* moan; grieve

*general* _m._ general

*generalmente* generally

*genero* _m._ class; kind; *---- humano* mankind; _pl._ goods

*gente* _f._ people

*geringonza* _see_ *jerigonza*

*gestion* _f._ negotiation; exertion

*gesto* _m._ gesture; expression; *hacer ----* make a wry face

*gitanada* _f._ trick

*gloria* _f._ glory

*gloriarse de* take delight in

*glorioso* glorious

*gobierno* _m._ government, rule

*golpe* blow; *---- de gracia* finishing stroke (blow given or shot
fired to insure death to a wounded victim)

*Gomez Farias, Valentin*, Mexican statesman and champion of reform.
The office of president was wrested from him by Santa Anna, April 1,
1833

*Gomez Hermosilla, Jose Mamerto* (1771-1837), Spanish man of letters.
His translation of the Iliad is a noted work

*gracia* _f._ mercy; favor; grace; joke; _pl._ thanks

*gracioso* funny, amusing

*granadero* _m._ grenadier

*grande* great; large, big

*grano* _m._ grain, seed; *---- de anis* very small matter

*gratitud* _f._ gratitude

*grave* serious

*griego* Greek

*grieta* _f._ crack; *----s en las manos* chapped hands

*gritar* shout

*grito* _m._ shout, cry

*groseria* _f._ coarseness, boorishness

*guante* _m._ glove

*guarda* _m._ guard; *---- de a caballo* mounted police

*guardar* keep

*guardia* _f._ guard

*guardilla* _f._ attic

*guarecer* shelter, guard

*guarnicion* _f._ trimming

*guerra* _f._ war

*guisado* _m._ stew

*guisar* cook

*gustar* please; like; taste

*gusto* _m._ pleasure; liking; taste

*gustosisimo* (_superlative of_ *gustoso*) most content, most willing

*haber* have; (_impersonal_) be; *---- de* (_with inf._) have to; *a
no ---- venido* if I had not come; *ha de hacer* there is to do; *ha
de ser* there must be; it must be

*habitar* live

*habito* _m._ habit; _pl._ priestly dress

*hacer* do; make; commit; cause; *hace un ano* (_etc._) a year
(_etc._) ago; *----se* become; *----se cargo* bear in mind; *que me he
de ----* what am I to do with myself; *---- papel* play a part; *sin
---- del agua* brand new

*hacia* toward

*hacienda* _f._ estate; finance; *ministro de ----* Secretary of the
Treasury

*hallar* find; *----se* be; be found

*hambre* _f._ hunger

*harina* _f._ flour

*hasta* until; as far as; even; *---- tanto que* until such time as

*hay* (_impersonal irreg. form from_ *haber*) there is; there are; *no
---- de que* you are welcome; *---- que* _with infin._ one must; *que
----* hello, what's the news

*hecho* _m._ deed

*hembra* _f._ female; woman

*heredar* inherit

*heredero* _m._ heir

*hereje* _m. and f._ heretic

*herencia* _f._ inheritance

*hermana* _f._ sister

*hermano* _m._ brother

*hermoso* beautiful; handsome

*Herodes* _m._ Herod

*heroe* _m._ hero

*heroico* heroic

*heroina* _f._ heroine

*hervir* boil

*hierro* _m._ iron

*hija* _f._ daughter; _used also in direct address as a term of mild
endearment_

*hijo* _m._ son; _pl._ sons; children

*hipotesis* _f._ hypothesis

*historia* _f._ history

*historiador* _m._ historian

*hojear* turn the pages of; open

*hola* _exclam._ hello, I say, _etc._

*Holanda* _f._ Holland

*hombre* _m._ man

*homenaje* _m._ homage

*honor* _m._ honor

*honradez* _f._ honesty

*honrado* honest, honorable

*honrar* honor

*hora* _f._ hour; time; *a buena ----* at a seasonable time

*horizonte* _m._ horizon

*hormiguillo* _m._ (_from_ *hormiga* ant) distemper of horses
affecting first the hoofs; amalgamating mixture; *tener ----* be on
pins and needles

*horror* _m._ horror

*hortera* _m._ nickname applied to certain shop clerks in Madrid

*hoy* today

*huerto* _m._ garden; orchard

*huevo* _m._ egg

*huir* flee; avoid

*humano* human; humane

*humeante* smoking

*humedecer* dampen, moisten

*humilde* humble

*humillacion* _f._ humiliation

*humillar* humiliate

*humor* _m._ humor

*huracan _m._ hurricane

*idea* _f._ idea

*idem* (_Latin pronoun_) the same; ditto

*iglesia* _f._ church

*ignorar* be unaware of

*igual* equal, like; even

*ilusion* _f._ illusion; fond fancy

*ilustre* illustrious, distinguished

*imaginar* imagine

*imaginario* imaginary

*impaciente* impatient

*impavido* dauntless

*impedir* hinder

*imperdonable* unpardonable

*imperfeccion* _f._ imperfection; blemish

*imperiosamente* imperiously

*implorar* implore

*importancia* _f._ importance

*importante* important

*importar* matter

*importunar* importune; bother

*imposible* impossible

*imprimir* print

*improbabilidad* _f._ improbability

*imprudencia* _f._ rashness

*impulso* _m._ impulse; *dar ----* encourage; foster

*incapaz* incapable

*incertidumbre* _f._ uncertainty

*inclinacion* _f._ inclination

*inclusero* _m._ foundling; child reared in an Inclusa or orphans'
home (Mesonero Romanos in his "El antiguo Madrid" states that the name
Inclusa was given to the institution in Madrid because of a statue of
the Virgin that is in its chapel and that was brought from Enkhuizen,
Holland (Inclusa being a corruption of Enkhuizen); a child left in an
Inclusa could hardly boast of his family)

*incognito* incognito

*incompleto* incomplete, unfinished

*inconveniente* _m._ inconvenience

*indeciso* undecided

*indefenso* defenseless

*independencia* _f._ independence

*indicar* indicate

*indiferente* indifferent

*indigencia* _f._ poverty

*indigestarse* be hard to stomach

*indigestion* _f._ indigestion

*indigno* unworthy

*indisoluble* indissoluble

*indisposicion* _f._ illness (slight)

*indisputable* indisputable

*individuo* _m._ individual

*indudablemente* undoubtedly

*indulgencia* _f._ indulgence, pardon

*inesperado* unexpected; unhoped-for

*infamia* _f._ outrage

*infatigable* indefatigable

*infeliz* unhappy

*inferir* infer

*infinito* infinitely

*inflamar* inflame

*influir* influence

*informar* inform

*informe* _m._ information; _pl._ information

*ingenio* _m._ talent

*ingenioso* ingenious

*Inglaterra* _f._ England

*ingles* English

*ingratitud* _f._ ingratitude

*injusticia* _f._ injustice

*injusto* unjust

*inmenso* immense

*inmolar* immolate, sacrifice

*innumerable* innumerable

*inocente* innocent

*inoportuno* inopportune

*inquietar(se)* fret, worry

*inquilino* _m._ tenant

*inseparable* inseparable

*insolencia* _f._ insolence

*insolentarse* become insolent

*instancia* _f._ urging; petition

*instante* _m._ instant

*instar* urge

*instruccion* _f._ instruction

*instructivo* instructive

*instrumento* _m._ instrument, tool

*insultar* insult

*intentar* try, attempt

*intercalar* intercalate, insert; interpose

*interes* _m._ interest; *tener ---- en* have a reason for

*interesar* interest

*interpretar* interpret

*intervalo* _m._ interval

*intimo* intimate

*intriga* _f._ intrigue

*introducir* introduce

*inutil* useless

*invasion* _f._ invasion

*invasor* invader

*inverosimilitud* _f._ improbability

*invierno* _m._ winter

*invitar* invite

*involuntariamente* involuntarily

*ir* go; *----se* go away; go off; boil over

*irregular* irregular

*irresistible* irresistible

*irrevocable* irrevocable

*irritar* irritate

*isla* _f._ island

*jabon* _m._ soap

*jabonadura* _f._ washing; _pl._ soap suds

*jabonar* wash with soap

*jalapa* _f._ jalap (plant, native of Jalapa, Mexico, whose root has
strong purgative properties)

*jamas* never

*jaula* _f._ cage

*jefe* _m._ head, chief

*jergon* _m._ straw tick, straw bed

*jerigonza* _f._ (*gerigonza*) jargon; rigmarole

*Jesus* _m._ Jesus; _as an exclam._ mercy, gracious

*jicara* _f._ chocolate cup

*jornada* _f._ military expedition

*Jose* Joseph

*jota* _f._ letter J; jot

*joven* young; _m. and f._ young man; young woman

*Juan* John

*Juana* Jane, Joan

*jueves* _m._ Thursday; *cosa del otro ----* something unusual

*jugador* _m._ gambler

*jugar* play

*juicio* _m._ judgment

*juicioso* sensible

*julio* _m._ July

*juntar* join

*junto* near; together; *---- a* together with, along with

*juramento* _m._ oath; vow

*jurar* swear

*justicia* _f._ justice

*justo* just, fair

*juventud* _f._ youth

*juzgar* judge

*la* _f._ (_definite article_) the; the one; *---- de* that of;
(_objective pron._) her; it

*labio* _m._ lip

*lado* _m._ side

*lagar* _m._ winepress

*lamentacion* _f._ lamentation, wail

*lance* _m._ occurrence; *de ----* at a bargain, cheap, secondhand

*langosta* _f._ lobster

*Larra, Mariano Jose de* (1809-1837) the celebrated "Figaro,"
journalist, novelist, and dramatist, besides being the greatest
Spanish satirist and literary critic of his time

*lastima* _f._ pity; *dar ----* inspire with pity, make sorry

*laurel* _m._ laurel; honor

*lavandera* _f._ washerwoman

*lavar* wash

*lazo* _m._ tie

*le* him; you; to him; to you; to her; to it

*lector* _m._ reader

*lectura* _f._ reading

*leer* read

*legua* _f._ league

*lejos* far

*lenguaje* _m._ language

*lenteja* _f._ lentil

*Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim,* German dramatist (1729-1781)

*letania* _f._ litany (long prayer consisting of a series of
invocations and responses. The best-known litanies are those addressed
to the Virgin Mary, but there are also litanies of the Saints,
litanies of the Holy Name, etc.); long list (of any sort)

*letra* _f._ letter

*levantar* raise; *---- la cama* make the bed; *---- la tapa de los
sesos* blow one's brains out; *--se* get up

*ley* _f._ law; loyalty

*liberal* liberal

*libertad* _f._ liberty

*libra* _f._ pound

*libraco* _m._ old trashy book

*librar* deliver, free

*libre* free, unguarded

*libro* _m._ book

*licencia* _f._ permission, consent

*lija* _f._ dogfish; shark-skin (the dried skin is used for polishing
woods and metals); sandpaper

*limitar* limit

*limite* _m._ limit

*limosna* _f._ alms

*limpieza* _f._ cleanliness

*limpio* clean

*lindo* charming, lovely; neat; fine; *---- mozo* fine-looking young
fellow

*lisonjear* flatter

*lista* _f._ list

*listo* ready

*literario* literary

*literato* _m._ writer

*lo* him; it; so; _with m. sing. adj._ *lo* _forms abstract noun_;
*---- unico* the only thing (_cf._ *---- mismo* the same thing;
likewise); *---- que* that which, what; how much, how; *---- es* it
is; it is so

*lobreguez* _f._ darkness

*loco* crazy; *---- de atar* raving lunatic

*locura* _f._madness; act of madness

*lograr* succeed; succeed in

*Londres* _m._ London

*losa* _f._ slab

*lucha* _f._ struggle

*luego* then; soon, immediately

*lugar* _m._ place; space; time

*lumbre* _f._ fire

*luz* _f._ light

*llamar* call; knock; attract; *hacer ----* have called

*llave* _f._ key

*llegar* arrive, reach; *---- a* (_with inf._) come

*llenar* fill

*llevar* carry; take; *---- a cabo* carry out, accomplish; *---- a los
labios* raise to the lips; *----se* take with one; take away

*llorar* cry

*lloro* _m._ weeping

*madre* _f._ mother; bed (of a river)

*Madrid* _m._ Madrid

*maestrante* _m._ member of a *maestranza* or riding club of Spanish
noblemen

*magnanimo* magnanimous

*mal* _m._ wrong; harm; _adv._ badly

*maldito* cursed (_pp. of_ *maldecir*); (_in exclam._) confound,
plague take (the); (_used to express strong negation_) little; none;
*sin maldita la oposicion* without any opposition whatever

*malo* bad; *estar ----* be sick

*malsonante* ill-sounding

*Malvina* girl's name

*Mallorca* island of Majorca; *pan de ----* kind of rich coffee-cake

*mandar* order

*mando* _m._ command

*manera* _f._ manner; *en gran ----* greatly

*manga* _f._ sleeve

*maniatico* maniacal

*manifestar* show

*mano* _f._ hand; *tener entre ----s* have in hand

*Manuel* Manuel

*Manuela* girl's name (_f. of_ *Manuel*)

*manana* _f._ morning; _adv._ tomorrow

*marchar* march; go; *----se* go away

*Margarita* Margaret

*Maria* Mary

*marido* _m._ husband

*marques* _m._ marquis

*marquesa* _f._ marchioness

*marquesado* _m._ marquisate

*Martinez de la Rosa, Francisco* (1789-1862), Spanish statesman and
writer banished by Ferdinand VII

*martir* _m. and f._ martyr

*mas* but

*mas* more; most; *los (las) ---- de* the majority of; *por ---- que*
however much; *no ----* nothing more

*masa* _f._ mass

*matar* kill

*matematico* _m._ mathematician

*materia* _f._ matter; *entrar en ----* come to the point

*Matilde* girl's name

*matutino* early (in the morning)

*mayor* (_comp. of_ *grande*) greater; greatest; chief, main

*mayorazgo* _m._ entail; inheritance of oldest son

*me* me

*media* _f._ stocking

*medida* _f._ measure

*medio* _m._ midst; means; middle; _adj._ half; *de ---- a ----*
completely

*meditacion* _f._ meditation

*mejor* (_comp. of_ bueno) better; best

*memoria* _f._ memory

*menester* _m._ necessity; *ser ----* be necessary

*menor* younger; smaller; *el ----* the youngest

*menos* less; least; *al ----, a lo ----, cuando ----, por lo ----*,
at least; *a ---- que* unless

*menoscabo* _m._ detriment

*mentecato* _m._ fool, idiot

*mentira* _f._ lie

*menudo: a ----* often

*menique* _adj._ little (finger)

*mercantil* mercantile, business

*merced* _f._ grace; *su ----* (_title of respect_) you (_cf._
*vuestra ----, Vd.*)

*merecedor* deserving

*merecer* merit, deserve

*merito* _m._ merit, worth

*mes* _m._ month

*mesa* _f._ table

*meter* put, put in; shut up; *----se* get in, get under; *----se en
camisa de once varas* interfere in other people's affairs; *---- baza*
put in a word

*metodo* method

*mexicano* Mexican

*Mexico* _m._ Mexico

*mi* my

*mi* me; myself

*miedo* _m._ fear

*miembro* _m._ member; limb

*mientras* while

*mil* thousand

*milagro* _m._ miracle

*militar* military

*millar* _m._ thousand (_generally used in the pl._)

*mimar* pet, spoil

*minino* _m. fam. for_ *gato* cat (_cf. English_ pussy)

*ministro* _m._ minister, secretary; *---- de Relaciones* Secretary of
Foreign Affairs

*minuto* _m._. minute

*mio* my; mine

*mirada* _f._ glance

*miramiento* _m._ circumspection

*mirar* look, look at

*miserable* miserable

*miseria* _f._ misery; trifle

*misero* miserable

*mision* _f._ mission

*mismo* same; very; (_with noun or pron._) himself, herself, itself,
yourself, _etc._; *lo ----* the same thing; *por lo ----* for the same
reason; consequently; *aqui ----* right here

*misterio* _m._ mystery

*modales* _m. pl._ manners

*moderno* modern

*modesto* modest

*modismo* _m._ idiom, idiomatic expression

*modo* _m._ way, manner; means; *de todos ----s* at any rate; *de otro
----* otherwise

*Moliere* Moliere (1622-1673), noted French dramatist who greatly
influenced Moratin

*momento* _m._ moment

*monologo* _m._ monologue

*monstruoso* monstrous

*Monterey* _m._ Monterey (Monterrey), capital city of the state of
Nuevo Leon, Mexico, taken by American forces in September, 1846

*moralidad* _f._ morality

*moribundo* dying

*morir(se)* die; *---- por sus pedazos* be infatuated with one

*mortal* _adj. and m. and f._ mortal

*mosca* _f._ fly; *picarle la ----* be bothered by

*mostrar* show

*motivo* _m._ motive, reason

*muchacha* _f._ girl

*mucho* much; _pl._ many

*muda* _f._ change

*mudanza* _f._ change; inconstancy

*mueble* _m._ piece of furniture; _pl._ furniture

*muerte* _f._ death

*mujer* _f._ woman; wife

*multitud* _f._ large number

*mundo* _m._ world

*muneca* _f._ doll

*murmurar* murmur; talk about unfavorably

*muselina* _f._ muslin

*mutuamente* mutually

*muy* very

*nacer* be born; *estos criados antiguos que nos han visto ----* these
old servants who have known us all our lives

*nacimiento* _m._ birth

*nacional* national

*nada* nothing; _with negative_ anything; _adv._ not at all

*nadie* nobody

*natal* native

*natural* natural

*naturaleza* _f._ nature; kind

*necesariamente* necessarily

*necesario* necessary

*necesidad* _f._ necessity

*necesitar* need

*necio* idiotic

*negado* _m._ one lacking in sense or judgment; *hacer el ----* play
the fool

*negar* deny; refuse

*negativa* _f._ refusal

*negociacion* _f._ negotiation

*negociar* negotiate

*negocio* _m._ business; affair

*negro* black; _m._ negro

*ni* neither; nor; not, not even

*Nicolasa* woman's name

*niebla* _f._ fog, mist

*ninguno* _adj. and pron._ none; no one; no

*nina* _f._ girl, young lady; apple of one's eye

*nino* _m._ child; boy

*no* no; not

*noble* noble

*noche* _f._ night

*nogal* _m._ walnut-tree; walnut wood

*nombrar* name, appoint

*norteamericano* North American; of the United States

*nos* us

*nosotros* we; us

*notable* notable, famous

*notar* notice, note

*noticia* _f._ news

*noticiar* notify

*novela* _f._ novel

*novia* _f._ sweetheart; bride

*novio* _m._ lover; bridegroom

*nube* _f._ cloud

*nuestro* our

*nueva* _f._ news

*nueve* nine

*nuevo* new

*nunca* never

*o* or

*obedecer* obey

*obediente* obedient

*objeto* _m._ object

*obligacion* _f._ obligation, duty

*obligar* oblige, force

*obra* _f._ work

*observacion* _f._ observation; remark

*observar* observe

*obstaculo* _m._ obstacle

*obtener* obtain, get

*ocasion* _f._ occasion; opportunity; *a ocasiones* at times

*oceano* _m._ ocean

*ocioso* idle

*octubre* _m._ October

*oculto* hidden; disguised

*ocupacion* *f.* occupation

*ocupar* occupy, busy

*ocurrir* occur

*ocurso* _m. (Mex.)_ petition, claim

*ochavo* _m._ small copper coin no longer in use

*ocho* eight

*ochocientos* eight hundred

*odio* _m._ hatred

*odioso* odious

*Ofelia* Ophelia

*ofender* offend

*ofrecer* offer

*oh* _exclam._ oh

*oido* _m._ ear

*oir* hear; *oiga* _exclam._ listen, I say

*ojala* _exclam. introducing a wish_ would that; O that

*ojeada* _f._ glance

*ojo* _m._ eye; *en un abrir y cerrar de ----s* in a twinkling; *dar
en ----s* make angry

*oler* smell

*olfatear* smell, sniff

*olvidar(se)* forget

*onza* _f._ ounce

*opera* _f._ opera

*opinar* think, judge

*oponer(se)* oppose

*oposicion* _f._ opposition

*opuesto* (_pp. of_ *oponer*) opposed; opposite

*ora* now (_used in parallel constructions_)

*orador* _m._ orator, speaker

*orden* _f._ order

*ordinario* ordinary, common

*organizar* organize

*original* _adj. and m._ original

*oscuro* dark; *a oscuras* in the dark

*oste (oxte)* _exclam._ begone, get out; *sin decir ---- ni moste*
without saying a word

*otorgar* consent, agree to

*otro* other, another

*oveja* _f._ sheep; *cada ---- con su pareja* each with his own kind

*Pablo* Paul

*paciencia* _f._ patience

*padecer* suffer

*padecimiento* _m._ suffering

*Padierna* Padierna (ranch or farm in the municipality of San Angel, a
suburb of Mexico City, where on August 19-20, 1847, the Mexicans lost
an important battle, known in the United States as the battle of
Contreras)

*padre* _m._ father

*padrino* _m._ godfather

*pagar* pay, pay for; *me las pagara todas juntas* I'll get even with
you for everything

*pago* _m._ payment

*pais* _m._ country

*paja* _f._ straw

*paje* _m._ page

*palabra* _f._ word

*palacio* _m._ palace

*palido* pale

*palma* _f._ palm; _fig._ honor

*palmada* _f._ clap

*Palo Alto* Palo Alto (city in the extreme south of Texas where the
Americans defeated the Mexicans in battle in 1846)

*palomino* _m._ young pigeon, squab

*pan* _m._ bread

*pana* _f._ velveteen; corduroy

*panuelo* _m._ handkerchief

*papa* _m._ papa

*papamoscas* _m._ flycatcher (bird)

*papel* _m._ paper; *---- de seda* tissue paper; _fig._ part, role

*papilla* _f._ pap

*par* _m._ pair

*para* for, in order to; *---- que* in order to; so that; *---- que*
what for

*parcial* partial, prejudiced

*parecer* appear, seem; *al ----, a lo que parece,* apparently; *ya
parecio el peine* now we've got him, I told you so

*pared* _f._ wall

*pareja* _f._ partner

*parentesco* _m._ relationship

*pariente* _m._ relation

*Paris* Paris

*parleta* _f._ chat

*parte* _f._ part; *en mucha ----* largely; *por una ----* on the one
hand; *por otra ----* on the other hand; on the contrary

*particular* particular; strange, peculiar; especial; *no tener nada
de ----* not be strange

*partida* _f._ departure

*partidario* _m._ partisan; *ser ---- de* be partial to; like

*partido* _m._ match; political party; district; *tomar ----* take a
stand; make up one's mind; resolve

*pasar* pass, go; spend; take place; endure; be the matter with; *----
de* (_with inf_.) go beyond; *se me pasaba* I was forgetting

*pasear(se)* walk up and down; stroll

*pasion* _f._ passion

*pasivo* passive

*paso* _m._ passing; step, pace; short dramatic sketch; *dar un ----*
take a step

*paterno* paternal

*patria* _f._ country, native land

*patrimonial* patrimonial

*pecar* sin; be at fault

*pedazo* _m._ piece

*pedir* ask, ask for; call for

*Pedro* Peter

*pegujar (pegujal)* _m._ small estate; _pl._ acres

*peine* _m._ comb; tooth of a comb; sharp point, barb, sticker

*pelaje* _m._ (poor) appearance

*pelear* fight

*peligro* _m._ danger

*pelo* _m._ hair; *de medio ----* shabby-genteel

*pelotera* _f._ quarrel, fuss

*pena* _f._ pain

*penalidad* _f._ penalty

*pensamiento* _m._ thought

*pensar* think; expect

*peor* worse; *lo ----* the worst

*pera* _f._ pear

*percal* _m._ percale, calico

*perder* lose; ruin; *pierda V. cuidado* don't worry

*perdon* _m._ pardon

*perdonar* pardon

*perdulario* shiftless; _m._ ne'er-do-well, shiftless person

*perfeccion* _f._ perfection

*perillan* _m._ (_from_ *Per Illan*, _a famous Toledan character of
the 13th century_) scamp

*periodico* _m._ newspaper

*periodista* _m._ journalist, reporter

*periodo* _m._ period

*permiso* _m._ permission

*permitir* permit

*pero* but

*perrada* _f._ mean action; low-down trick

*persecucion* _f._ persecution

*persistir* persist

*persona* _f._ person

*personaje* _m._ personage, character

*personal* personal

*persuadir* persuade

*pertenecer* belong

*Peru* _m._ Peru (country rich in mines); *valer un ----* be worth a
fortune; be fraught with meaning

*pesado* heavy, dull, boresome

*pesadumbre* _f._ grief

*pesar* weigh; *----se de* be sorry for; *a ---- de ----es* in spite
of everything

*peticion* _f._ petition

*piano* _m._ piano

*picar* sting, bite

*picaro* villainous

*picotear* peck at; jabber; chatter all the time

*pie* _m._ foot; *al ---- de la letra* literally, word for word

*pienso* _m._ (_old form of_ *pensamiento*) thought; *ni por ----* by
no means

*pieza* _f._ piece; play; rogue, joker

*pildora* _f._ pill

*pimienta* _f._ pepper; _fig._ cause for annoyance

*pinar* _m._ pine grove

*pique: a ---- de* on the point of

*pisar* tread

*piso* _m._ floor

*pistola* _f._ pistol

*pistoletazo* _m._ pistol shot

*pitanza* _f._ daily food

*placer* _m._ pleasure

*plan* _m._ plan; theme or plot (of a story or play)

*planchar* iron, press

*plano* plain, smooth, flat

*platano* _m._ banana

*plato* _m._ plate; dish; *---- de gusto* palatable dish

*plaza* _f._ place, post

*plenipotenciario* _adj. and m._ plenipotentiary

*pliego* _m._ sheet of paper

*pluma* _f._ pen

*pobre* poor; *---- de mi* poor me

*pobrecillo, pobrecito* _adj. and m._ poor little; poor little thing

*pobreton* very poor

*pobreza* _f._ poverty

*pocilga* _f._ pigsty

*poco* little; not very; *otro ----* a little more

*poder* be able; _m._ power; *no puedo menos de* (_with inf._) I
cannot help; *no puedo mas* I can stand no more

*poeta* _m._ poet

*politica* _f._ politics; political matters

*politico* political

*poltron* lazy; *silla poltrona* easy chair

*polvillo* _m._ (_dim. of_ *polvo*) fine dust

*polvo* _m._ dust

*poner* put, place, station; *---- al corriente* inform; *----se
palido* turn pale

*popa* _f._ stern (of a ship)

*por* for; by; through; because of; *---- una ventana* out of a
window; *---- que* why; *el ---- que* the reason why

*porque* because

*porqueria* _f._ filth; untidiness

*portarse* conduct one's self

*porvenir* _m._ future

*posdata* _f._ postscript

*poseer* possess

*posesion* _f._ possession

*posible* possible

*posicion* _f._ position

*positivo* positive

*posta* _f._ post, stage

*potaje* _m._ pottage; *---- de lentejas* lentil soup

*potencia* _f._ power

*practico* practical

*preambulo* _m._ preamble

*precioso* lovely; precious

*precipicio* _m._ precipice

*precipitacion* _f._ haste

*precipitadamente* hurriedly

*precipitar* ruin

*precisamente* precisely

*preciso* necessary; _adv._ exactly

*preferencia* _f._ preference

*preferir* prefer

*pregunta* _f._ question

*preguntar* ask, question

*premioso* pressing, troublesome

*prenda* _f._ cherished token; garment

*prendar* attract; *estar prendado* be taken with; be smitten with

*preocupacion* _f._prejudice; notion

*preocupar* absorb, preoccupy

*preparacion* _f._ preparation

*preparar* prepare

*preparativo* _m._ preparation

*presencia* _f._ presence

*presentar* present; *----se* appear

*presente* present; *tener ----* have in mind

*preservar* keep, protect

*presidio* _m._ prison; prisoner

*prestar* lend

*presto* quickly

*presumido* (_pp. of_ *presumir*) presumptuous

*presumir* presume; suspect

*presuntuoso* presumptuous

*pretender* attempt

*pretendiente* _m._ suitor

*pretexto* _m._ pretext

*prima* _f._ cousin

*primero* first

*principal* main, principal; *El Principal* first theater of
importance in Mexico City (it still exists, though now given over to
short comic operas and vaudeville)

*principe* _m._ prince

*principio* _m._ beginning

*prisa* _f._ haste; *de ----* quickly; *tener ----* be in a hurry

*privado* private

*probable* probable

*probablemente* probably

*probar* prove; try; taste; *---- bocado* taste a mouthful

*profundo* profound, deep

*progenitor* _m._ ancestor; _as adj._ ancestral

*prolongar* prolong

*prometer* promise

*pronto* _adj. and adv._ quick; ready; quickly; *de ----* suddenly;
_m._ outburst; *primer ----* sudden outburst

*propension* _f._ propensity

*propio* own

*proponer* propose, suggest

*proporcionar* furnish; afford

*proposito* _m._ proposition

*proscribir* proscribe

*proseguir* proceed, go on with

*protagonista* _m. and f._ principal character, star

*proteccion* _f._ protection

*protestar declare

*provecho* _m._ advantage, benefit; *buen ---- le haga* may it do you
good

*provocar* provoke

*proyecto* _m._ project, plan

*prudencia* _f._ prudence

*prudente* prudent

*prueba* _f._ proof

*publicar* publish

*publico* public

*puchero* _m._ small pot; Spanish stew (of which one of the principal
ingredients is usually the *garbanzo* or chick-pea. The *puchero* is
known also as the *cocido* and was formerly called *olla* _or_, when
especially rich, *olla podrida*); _pl._ pout, snivel; *hacer ----s*
snivel

*pueblo* _m._ people

*puerta* door; *---- falsa* back door; *---- principal* front door; main
entrance

*puerto* _m._ harbor

*pues* why; well; then; since; (_used alone in answer to a question_)
yes

*puesto* _m._ position; post, place

*pulso* _m._ pulse; wrist

*puntilla* _f._ (_dim. of_ *punta*) small point; *de ----s* on tiptoe

*punto* _m._ point; stitch; lace; *---- y coma* semicolon; *a ----*
opportunely

*purgar* purge

*puro* pure

*que* who; which; that; than; for; *el ----* he who; the one that; the
fact that; *lo ----* what; how much; *sino ----* except that; *tanto
tiempo ----* such time as; *por lo ---- es eso* as for that; *---- de
V. soy y sere* for I am yours and always will be

*que* _exclam._ what, why; _interrog._ how, what; _adv._ how; *a ----*
(_with inf._) why; *de ----* how, in what way

*quebrantar* break, crush

*quedar(se)* remain

*quehacer* _m._ duty, occupation

*quejarse* complain

*quemar* burn

*querer* love; like; wish, want; *---- decir* mean; *---se* love each
other

*querida* _f._ beloved one; dear one

*qui pro quo* _m._ misunderstanding

*quiebra* _f._ failure

*quien* who

*quien* who

*Quijote* Don Quixote (hero of Cervantes's novel of the same name)

*quince* fifteen

*quinientos* five hundred

*Quintana, Manuel Jose* (1772-1857), noted Spanish poet and historian
ardently opposed to the French invasion

*quinto* fifth

*quitar* take away, remove; prevent

*quiza* perhaps

*rabo* _m._ tail

*rapto* _m._ abduction

*raro* rare; strange; scarcely (any)

*rasgo* _m._ trait; great action

*rato* _m._ short space of time; *hace ----* a moment ago

*rayado* (_pp. of_ *rayar*) striped

*rayo* _m._ thunderbolt; flash of lightning

*raza* _f._ race

*razon* _f._ right; reason; *tener ----* be right; *tener mil ----es*
be perfectly right; be a thousand times right

*real* _m._ real (one fourth of a peseta in Spanish money, equivalent
to about five cents; in Mexico a real is one eighth of a peso, or
about six cents); _adj._ royal

*realizar* realize, gain; *--se* take place

*realmente* really

*rebelar(se)* rebel

*rebozo* _m._ shawl-like covering or scarf worn by Spanish and
Spanish-American women on the head and shoulders; *sin ----* openly

*recado* _m._ message (written or verbal)

*recaer* devolve; fall

*recibimiento* _m._ reception

*recibir* receive

*recien* recently

*reclamar* claim, demand

*recobrar* recover

*recoger* gather, gather up; receive

*recomendar* recommend

*recompensar* recompense, reward

*reconciliar* reconcile

*reconocer* reconnoiter

*reconocimiento* _m._ recognition

*recordacion* _f._ remembrance

*recordar* remember; remind

*recorrer* run over; travel through

*recuperar* recover, make up

*recurso* _m._ resort; means

*redondo* round; *caer(se) ----* faint, fall in a heap

*referir* relate, tell; *--se* refer

*reflexion* _f._ reflection, thought

*reflexionar* reflect

*refundir* rearrange

*regalo* _m._ comfort, luxury

*reganar* scold

*regatear* beat down the price

*regresar* return

*regularmente* generally

*rehilete* _m._ dart, shuttlecock

*reinado* _m._ reign

*reir(se)* laugh

*reja* _f._ grating (made of iron bars, to protect an outer door or
window)

*rejalgar* _m._ realgar, red arsenic

*relacion* _f._ account, story; relation; affair

*relampago* _m._ lightning

*relato* _m._ story, report

*relieve* _m._ relief

*remediar* remedy, help

*remedio* _m._ remedy, help

*remendar* mend

*remirar* look again

*remoto* remote

*renacer* be born again

*rendicion* _f._ surrender

*rendija* _f._ crack

*rendir* give up, surrender

*renegar* swear

*renglon* _m._ line

*renta* _f._ income

*reparar en* notice, pay attention to

*repente* _m._ sudden movement; *de ----* suddenly

*repetir* repeat

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