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Chocolate and Cocoa Recipes and Home Made Candy Recipes by Miss Parloa

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This book was produced from images from Feeding America: The Historic
American Cookbook Project at Michigan State University

Chocolate and Cocoa Recipes By Miss Parloa

and

Home Made Candy Recipes By Mrs. Janet McKenzie Hill

Compliments of Walter Baker & Co., Ltd.

ESTABLISHED DORCHESTER
1780 MASS

1909

[Illustration: BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF WALTER BAKER & CO.'S MILLS. DORCHESTER
AND MILTON, MASS. FLOOR SPACE, 350,000 SQUARE FEET.]

Cocoa and Chocolate

The term "Cocoa," a corruption of "Cacao," is almost universally used in
English-speaking countries to designate the seeds of the small tropical
tree known to botanists as THEOBROMA CACAO, from which a great variety
of preparations under the name of cocoa and chocolate for eating and
drinking are made. The name "Chocolatl" is nearly the same in most
European languages, and is taken from the Mexican name of the drink,
"Chocolate" or "Cacahuatl." The Spaniards found chocolate in common use
among the Mexicans at the time of the invasion under Cortez in 1519, and
it was introduced into Spain immediately after. The Mexicans not only
used chocolate as a staple article of food, but they used the seeds of
the cacao tree as a medium of exchange.

No better evidence could be offered of the great advance which has been
made in recent years in the knowledge of dietetics than the remarkable
increase in the consumption of cocoa and chocolate in this country. The
amount retained for home consumption in 1860 was only 1,181,054
pounds--about 3-5 of an ounce for each inhabitant. The amount retained
for home consumption for the year ending Dec. 31, 1908, was 93,956,721
pounds--over 16 ounces for each inhabitant.

Although there was a marked increase in the consumption of tea and
coffee during the same period, the ratio of increase fell far below that
of cocoa. It is evident that the coming American is going to be less of
a tea and coffee drinker, and more of a cocoa and chocolate drinker.
This is the natural result of a better knowledge of the laws of health,
and of the food value of a beverage which nourishes the body while it
also stimulates the brain.

Baron von Liebig, one of the best-known writers on dietetics, says:

"It is a perfect food, as wholesome as delicious, a beneficient restorer
of exhausted power; but its quality must be good and it must be
carefully prepared. It is highly nourishing and easily digested, and is
fitted to repair wasted strength, preserve health, and prolong life. It
agrees with dry temperaments and convalescents; with mothers who nurse
their children; with those whose occupations oblige them to undergo
severe mental strains; with public speakers, and with all those who give
to work a portion of the time needed for sleep. It soothes both stomach
and brain, and for this reason, as well as for others, it is the best
friend of those engaged in literary pursuits."

M. Brillat-Savarin, in his entertaining and valuable work, _Physiologie
du Gout_, says: "Chocolate came over the mountains [from Spain to
France] with Anne of Austria, daughter of Philip III and queen of Louis
XIII. The Spanish monks also spread the knowledge of it by the presents
they made to their brothers in France. It is well known that Linnaeus
called the fruit of the cocoa tree _theobroma_, 'food for the gods.' The
cause of this emphatic qualification has been sought, and attributed by
some to the fact that he was extravagantly fond of chocolate; by others
to his desire to please his confessor; and by others to his gallantry, a
queen having first introduced it into France.

"The Spanish ladies of the New World, it is said, carried their love for
chocolate to such a degree that, not content with partaking of it
several times a day, they had it sometimes carried after them to church.
This favoring of the senses often drew upon them the censures of the
bishop; but the Reverend Father Escobar, whose metaphysics were as
subtle as his morality was accommodating, declared, formally, that a
fast was not broken by chocolate prepared with water; thus wire-drawing,
in favor of his penitents, the ancient adage, '_Liquidum non frangit
jejunium._'

"Time and experience," he says further, "have shown that chocolate,
carefully prepared, is an article of food as wholesome as it is
agreeable; that it is nourishing, easy of digestion, and does not
possess those qualities injurious to beauty with which coffee has been
reproached; that it is excellently adapted to persons who are obliged to
a great concentration of intellect; in the toils of the pulpit or the
bar, and especially to travellers; that it suits the most feeble
stomach; that excellent effects have been produced by it in chronic
complaints, and that it is a last resource in affections of the pylorus.

"Some persons complain of being unable to digest chocolate; others, on
the contrary, pretend that it has not sufficient nourishment, and that
the effect disappears too soon. It is probable that the former have only
themselves to blame, and that the chocolate which they use is of bad
quality or badly made; for good and well-made chocolate must suit every
stomach which retains the slightest digestive power.

"In regard to the others, the remedy is an easy one: they should
reinforce their breakfast with a _pate_, a cutlet, or a kidney, moisten
the whole with a good draught of soconusco chocolate, and thank God for
a stomach of such superior activity.

"This gives me an opportunity to make an observation whose accuracy may
be depended upon.

"After a good, complete, and copious breakfast, if we take, in addition,
a cup of well-made chocolate, digestion will be perfectly accomplished
in three hours, and we may dine whenever we like. Out of zeal for
science, and by dint of eloquence, I have induced many ladies to try
this experiment. They all declared, in the beginning, that it would kill
them; but they have all thriven on it and have not failed to glorify
their teacher.

"The people who make constant use of chocolate are the ones who enjoy
the most steady health, and are the least subject to a multitude of
little ailments which destroy the comfort of life; their plumpness is
also more equal. These are two advantages which every one may verify
among his own friends, and wherever the practice is in use."

In corroboration of M. Brillat-Savarin's statement as to the value of
chocolate as an aid to digestion, we may quote from one of Mme. de
Sevigne's letters to her daughter:

"I took chocolate night before last to digest my dinner, in order to
have a good supper. I took some yesterday for nourishment, so as to be
able to fast until night. What I consider amusing about chocolate is
that it acts according to the wishes of the one who takes it."

Chocolate appears to have been highly valued as a remedial agent by the
leading physicians of that day. Christoph Ludwig Hoffman wrote a
treatise entitled, "Potus Chocolate," in which he recommended it in many
diseases, and instanced the case of Cardinal Richelieu, who, he stated,
was cured of general atrophy by its use.

A French officer who served in the West Indies for a period of fifteen
years, during the early part of the last century, wrote, as the result
of his personal observations, a treatise on "The Natural History of
Chocolate, Being a distinct and Particular Account of the Cacao Tree,
its Growth and Culture, and the Preparation, Excellent Properties, and
Medicinal Virtues of its Fruit," which received the approbation of the
Regent of the Faculty of Medicine at Paris, and which was translated and
published in London, in 1730. After describing the different methods of
raising and curing the fruit and preparing it for food (which it is not
worth while to reproduce here, as the methods have essentially changed
since that time), he goes on to demonstrate, as the result of actual
experiment, that chocolate is a substance "very temperate, very
nourishing, and of easy digestion; very proper to repair the exhausted
spirits and decayed strength; and very suitable to preserve the health
and prolong the lives of old men....

"I could produce several instances," he says, "in favor of this
excellent nourishment; but I shall content myself with two only, equally
certain and decisive, in proof of its goodness. The first is an
experiment of chocolate's being taken for the only nourishment--made by
a surgeon's wife of Martinico. She had lost, by a very deplorable
accident, her lower jaw, which reduced her to such a condition that she
did not know how to subsist. She was not capable of taking anything
solid, and not rich enough to live upon jellies and nourishing broths.
In this strait she determined to take three dishes of chocolate,
prepared after the manner of the country, one in the morning, one at
noon, and one at night. There chocolate is nothing else but cocoa
kernels dissolved in hot water, with sugar, and seasoned with a bit of
cinnamon. This new way of life succeeded so well that she has lived a
long while since, more lively and robust than before this accident.

"I had the second relation from a gentleman of Martinico, and one of my
friends not capable of a falsity. He assured me that in his neighborhood
an infant of four months old unfortunately lost his nurse, and its
parents not being able to put it to another, resolved, through
necessity, to feed it with chocolate. The success was very happy, for
the infant came on to a miracle, and was neither less healthy nor less
vigorous than those who are brought up by the best nurses.

"Before chocolate was known in Europe, good old wine was called the milk
of old men; but this title is now applied with greater reason to
chocolate, since its use has become so common that it has been perceived
that chocolate is, with respect to them, what milk is to infants. In
reality, if one examines the nature of chocolate a little, with respect
to the constitution of aged persons, it seems as though the one was made
on purpose to remedy the defects of the other, and that it is truly the
panacea of old age."

The three associated beverages, cocoa, tea, and coffee are known to the
French as _aromatic_ drinks. Each of these has its characteristic aroma.
The fragrance and flavor are so marked that they cannot be imitated by
any artificial products, although numerous attempts have been made in
regard to all three. Hence the detection of adulteration is not a
difficult matter. Designing persons, aware of the extreme difficulty of
imitating these substances, have undertaken to employ lower grades, and,
by manipulation, copy, as far as may be, the higher sorts. Every one
knows how readily tea, and coffee, for that matter, will take up odors
and flavors from substances placed near them. This is abundantly
exemplified in the country grocery or general store, where the teas and
coffees share in the pervasive fragrance of the cheese and kerosene. But
perhaps it is not so widely understood that some of these very teas and
coffees had been artificially flavored or corrected before they reached
their destination in this country.

Cacao lends itself very readily to such preliminary treatment. In a
first-class article, the beans should be of the highest excellence; they
should be carefully grown on the plantation and there prepared with
great skill, arriving in the factory in good condition. In the factory
they should simply receive the mechanical treatment requisite to
develop their high and attractive natural flavor and fragrance. They
should be most carefully shelled after roasting and finely ground
without concealed additions. This is the process in all honest
manufactories of the cacao products.

Now, as a matter of fact, in the preparation of many of the cacao
products on the market, a wholly different course has been pursued.
Beans of poor quality are used, because of their cheapness, and in some
instances they are only imperfectly, if at all, shelled before grinding.
Chemical treatment is relied on to correct in part the odor and taste of
such inferior goods, and artificial flavors, other than the time-honored
natural vanilla and the like, are added freely. The detection of such
imposition is easy enough to the expert, but is difficult to the novice;
therefore the public is largely unable to discriminate between the good
and the inferior, and it is perforce compelled to depend almost entirely
on the character and reputation of the manufacturer.

A distinguished London Physician, in giving some hints concerning the
proper preparation of cocoa, says:

"Start with a pure cocoa of undoubted quality and excellence of
manufacture, and which bears the name of a respectable firm. This point
is important, for there are many cocoas on the market which have been
doctored by the addition of alkali, starch, malt, kola, hops, etc."

Baker's Breakfast Cocoa is absolutely pure, and, being ground to an
extraordinary degree of fineness, is highly soluble. The analyst of the
Massachusetts State Board of Health states in his recent valuable work
on "Food Inspection and Analysis," that the treatment of cocoa with
alkali for the purpose of producing a more perfect emulsion is
objectionable, even if not considered as a form of adulteration. Cocoa
thus treated is generally darker in color than the pure article. The
legitimate means, he says, for making it as soluble as possible is to
pulverize it very fine, so that particles remain in even suspension and
form a smooth paste.

That is the way the Baker Cocoa is treated. It has received the Grand
Prize--the highest award ever given in this country, and altogether 52
highest awards in Europe and America.

Choice Recipes by Miss Maria Parloa

SPECIALLY PREPARED FOR WALTER BAKER & Co. LTD.

PLAIN CHOCOLATE

For six people, use one quart of milk, two ounces of Walter Baker &
Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, one tablespoonful of cornstarch, three
tablespoonfuls of sugar, and two tablespoonfuls of hot water.

Mix the cornstarch with one gill of the milk. Put the remainder of the
milk on to heat in the double-boiler. When the milk comes to the boiling
point, stir in the cornstarch and cook for ten minutes. Have the
chocolate cut in fine bits, and put it in a small iron or granite-ware
pan; add the sugar and water, and place the pan over a hot fire. Stir
constantly until the mixture is smooth and glossy. Add this to the hot
milk, and beat the mixture with a whisk until it is frothy. Or, the
chocolate may be poured back and forth from the boiler to a pitcher,
holding high the vessel from which you pour. This will give a thick
froth. Serve at once.

If you prefer not to have the chocolate thick, omit the cornstarch. If
condensed milk is used, substitute water for the milk named above and
add three tablespoonfuls of condensed milk when the chocolate is added.

CHOCOLATE, VIENNA STYLE

Use four ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Vanilla Chocolate, one quart of
milk, three tablespoonfuls of hot water, and one tablespoonful of sugar.

Cut the chocolate in fine bits. Put the milk on the stove in the
double-boiler, and when it has been heated to the boiling point, put the
chocolate, sugar and water in a small iron or granite-ware pan, and stir
over a hot fire until smooth and glossy. Stir this mixture into the hot
milk, and beat well with a whisk. Serve at once, putting a tablespoonful
of whipped cream in each cup and then filling up with the chocolate.

The plain chocolate may be used instead of the vanilla, but in that case
use a teaspoonful of vanilla extract and three generous tablespoonfuls
of sugar instead of one.

BREAKFAST COCOA

Walter Baker & Co.'s Breakfast Cocoa is powdered so fine that it can be
dissolved by pouring boiling water on it. For this reason it is often
prepared at the table. A small teaspoonful of the powder is put in the
cup with a teaspoonful of sugar; on this is poured two-thirds of a cup
of boiling water, and milk or cream is added to suit the individual
taste. This is very convenient; but cocoa is not nearly so good when
prepared in this manner as when it is boiled.

For six cupfuls of cocoa use two tablespoonfuls of the powder, two
tablespoonfuls of sugar, half a pint of boiling water, and a pint and a
half of milk. Put the milk on the stove in the double-boiler. Put the
cocoa and sugar in a saucepan, and gradually pour the hot water upon
them, stirring all the time. Place the saucepan on the fire and stir
until the contents boil. Let this mixture boil for five minutes; then
add the boiling milk and serve.

A gill of cream is a great addition to this cocoa.

Scalded milk may be used in place of boiled milk, if preferred. For
flavoring, a few grains of salt and half a teaspoonful of vanilla
extract may be added.

CHOCOLATE LAYER CAKE

Beat half a cupful of butter to a cream, and gradually beat into it one
cupful of sugar. When this is light, beat in half a cupful of milk, a
little at a time, and one teaspoonful of vanilla. Beat the whites of six
eggs to a stiff froth. Mix half a teaspoonful of baking powder with two
scant cupfuls of sifted flour. Stir the flour and whites of eggs
alternately into the mixture. Have three deep tin plates well buttered,
and spread two-thirds of the batter in two of them.

Into the remaining batter stir one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium
No. 1 Chocolate, melted, and spread this batter in the third plate. Bake
the cakes in a moderate oven for about twenty minutes. Put a layer of
white cake on a large plate, and spread with white icing. Put the dark
cake on this, and also spread with white icing. On this put the third
cake. Spread with chocolate icing.

TO MAKE THE ICING. Put into a granite-ware saucepan two gills of sugar
and one of water, and boil gently until bubbles begin to come from the
bottom--say, about five minutes. Take from the fire instantly. Do not
stir or shake the sugar while it is cooking. Pour the hot syrup in a
thin stream into the whites of two eggs that have been beaten to a stiff
froth, beating the mixture all the time. Continue to beat until the
icing is thick. Flavor with one teaspoonful of vanilla. Use two-thirds
of this as a white icing, and to the remaining third add one ounce of
melted chocolate. To melt the chocolate, shave it fine and put in a cup,
which is then to be placed in a pan of boiling water.

CHOCOLATE CAKE

For two sheets of cake, use three ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium
No. 1 Chocolate, three eggs, one cupful and three-fourths of sifted
pastry flour, one cupful and three-fourths of sugar, half a cupful of
butter, half a cupful of milk, half a teaspoonful of vanilla extract,
one teaspoonful and a half of baking powder.

Grate the chocolate. Beat the butter to a cream, and gradually beat in
the sugar. Beat in the milk and vanilla, then the eggs (already well
beaten), next the chocolate, and finally the flour, in which the baking
powder should be mixed. Pour into two well buttered shallow cake pans.
Bake for twenty-five minutes in a moderate oven. Frost or not, as you
like.

CHOCOLATE MARBLE CAKE

Put one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s Chocolate and one tablespoonful of
butter in a cup, and set this in a pan of boiling water. Beat to a cream
half a cupful of butter and one cupful of sugar. Gradually beat in half
a cupful of milk. Now add the whites of six eggs beaten to a stiff
froth, one teaspoonful of vanilla, and a cupful and a half of sifted
flour, in which is mixed one teaspoonful of baking powder. Put about
one-third of this mixture into another bowl, and stir the melted butter
and chocolate into it. Drop the white-and-brown mixture in spoonfuls
into a well buttered deep cake pan, and bake in a moderate oven for
about forty-five minutes; or, the cake can be baked in a sheet and iced
with a chocolate or white icing.

CHOCOLATE GLACE CAKE

Beat to a cream a generous half cupful of butter, and gradually beat
into this one cupful of sugar. Add one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s
Premium No. 1 Chocolate, melted; also two unbeaten eggs. Beat vigorously
for five minutes; then stir in half a cupful of milk, and lastly, one
cupful and a half of flour, with which has been mixed one generous
teaspoonful of baking powder. Flavor with one teaspoonful of vanilla.
Pour into a buttered, shallow cake pan, and bake for half an hour in a
moderate oven. When cool, spread with glace frosting.

GLACE FROSTING. Put half a cupful of sugar and three tablespoonfuls of
water in a small saucepan. Stir over the fire until the sugar is nearly
melted. Take the spoon from the pan before the sugar really begins to
boil, because it would spoil the icing if the syrup were stirred after
it begins to boil. After boiling gently for four minutes, add half a
teaspoonful of vanilla extract, but do not stir; then set away to cool.
When the syrup is about blood warm, beat it with a wooden spoon until
thick and white. Now put the saucepan in another with boiling water, and
stir until the icing is thin enough to pour. Spread quickly on the cake.

CHOCOLATE GLACE

After making a glace frosting, dissolve one ounce of Walter Baker &
Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate in a cup, and put it with the frosting,
adding also a tablespoonful of boiling water.

CHOCOLATE BISCUIT

Cover three large baking pans with paper that has been well oiled with
washed butter. Over these dredge powdered sugar. Melt in a cup one ounce
of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate. Separate the whites and
yolks of four eggs. Add to the yolks a generous half cupful of powdered
sugar, and beat until light and firm. Add the melted chocolate, and beat
a few minutes longer. Beat the whites of the eggs to a stiff, dry froth.
Measure out three-fourths of a cupful of sifted flour, and stir it and
the whites into the yolks. The whites and flour must be cut in as
lightly as possible, and with very little stirring. Drop the mixture in
teaspoonfuls on the buttered paper. Sprinkle powdered sugar over the
cakes, and bake in a slow oven for about fourteen or fifteen minutes.
The mixture can be shaped like lady fingers, if preferred.

CHOCOLATE WAFERS

Grate four ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, and
mix with it two tablespoonfuls of flour and one-fourth of a teaspoonful
each of cinnamon, cloves and baking powder. Separate six eggs. Add one
cupful of powdered sugar to the yolks, and beat until very light; then
add the grated yellow rind and the juice of half a lemon, and beat five
minutes longer. Now add the dry mixture, and with a spoon lightly cut in
the whites, which are first to be beaten to a stiff froth. Pour the
mixture into buttered shallow pans, having it about half an inch thick.
Bake in a moderate oven for half an hour. When the cake is cool, spread
a thin layer of currant jelly over one sheet, and place the other sheet
on this. Ice with vanilla icing; and when this hardens, cut in squares.
It is particularly nice to serve with ice-cream.

CINDERELLA CAKES

Use two eggs, one cupful of sugar, one cupful and a quarter of flour,
one gill of cold water, one tablespoonful of lemon juice, one
teaspoonful of baking powder, one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium
No. 1 Chocolate, half a tumbler of any kind of jelly, and chocolate
icing the same as for eclairs.

Separate the eggs, and beat the yolks and sugar together until light.
Beat the whites until light, and then beat them with yolks and sugar and
grated chocolate. Next beat in the lemon juice and water, and finally
the flour, in which the baking powder should be mixed. Beat for three
minutes, and then pour the batter into two pans, and bake in a moderate
oven for about eighteen minutes. When done, spread one sheet of cake
with the jelly, and press the other sheet over it; and when cold, cut
into little squares and triangular pieces. Stick a wooden toothpick into
each of these pieces and dip each one into the hot icing, afterwards
removing the toothpick, of course.

CHOCOLATE ECLAIRS

Into a granite-ware saucepan put half a pint of milk, two well-rounded
tablespoonfuls of butter, and one tablespoonful of sugar, and place on
the stove. When this boils up, add half a pint of sifted flour, and cook
for two minutes, beating well with a wooden spoon. It will be smooth and
velvety at the end of that time. Set away to cool; and when cool, beat
in four eggs, one at a time. Beat vigorously for about fifteen minutes.
Try a small bit of the paste in the oven; and if it rises in the form of
a hollow ball, the paste is beaten enough; whereas, if it does not, beat
a little longer. Have tin sheets or shallow pans slightly buttered. Have
ready, also, a tapering tin tube, with the smaller opening about
three-quarters of an inch in diameter. Place this in the small end of a
conical cotton pastry bag. Put the mixture in the bag, and press out on
buttered pans, having each eclair nearly three inches long. There should
be eighteen, and they must be at least two inches apart, as they swell
in cooking. Bake in a moderately hot oven for about twenty-five minutes.
Take from the oven, and while they are still warm coat them with
chocolate. When cold, cut open on the side, and fill with either of the
following described preparations:--

FILLING NO. 1.--Mix in a bowl half a pint of rich cream, one teaspoonful
of vanilla, and four tablespoonfuls of sugar. Place the bowl in a pan of
ice-water, and beat the cream until light and firm, using either an
egg-beater or a whisk.

FILLING NO. 2.--Put half a pint of milk into a double-boiler, and place
on the fire. Beat together until very light one level tablespoonful of
flour, half a cupful of sugar, and one egg. When the milk boils, stir in
this mixture. Add one-eighth of a teaspoonful of salt, and cook for
fifteen minutes, stirring often. When cold, flavor with one teaspoonful
of vanilla.

ICING FOR ECLAIRS.--Put in a small granite-ware pan half a pint of sugar
and five tablespoonfuls of cold water. Stir until the sugar is
partially melted, and then place on the stove, stirring for half a
minute. Take out the spoon, and watch the sugar closely. As soon as it
boils, take instantly from the fire and pour upon a meat-platter. Let
this stand for eight minutes. Meantime, shave into a cup one ounce of
Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, and put it on the fire in
a pan of boiling water. At the end of eight minutes stir the sugar with
a wooden spoon until it begins to grow white and to thicken. Add the
melted chocolate quickly, and continue stirring until the mixture is
thick. Put it in a small saucepan, and place on the fire in another pan
of hot water. Stir until so soft that it will pour freely. Stick a
skewer into the side of an eclair, and dip the top in the hot chocolate.
Place on a plate, and continue until all the eclairs are "glaced." They
will dry quickly. Do not stir the sugar after the first half minute, and
do not scrape the sugar from the saucepan into the platter. All the
directions must be strictly followed.

CHOCOLATE COOKIES

Beat to a cream half a cupful of butter and one tablespoonful of lard.
Gradually beat into this one cupful of sugar; then add one-fourth of a
teaspoonful of salt, one teaspoonful of cinnamon, and two ounces of
Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, melted. Now add one
well-beaten egg, and half a teaspoonful of soda dissolved in two
tablespoonfuls of milk. Stir in about two cupfuls and a half of flour.
Roll thin, and, cutting in round cakes, bake in a rather quick oven. The
secret of making good cookies is the use of as little flour as will
suffice.

CHOCOLATE GINGERBREAD

Mix in a large bowl one cupful of molasses, half a cupful of sour milk
or cream, one teaspoonful of ginger, one of cinnamon, half a teaspoonful
of salt. Dissolve one teaspoonful of soda in a teaspoonful of cold
water; add this and two tablespoonfuls of melted butter to the mixture.
Now stir in two cupfuls of sifted flour, and finally add two ounces of
Walter Baker & Co.'s Chocolate and one tablespoonful of butter, melted
together. Pour the mixture into three well-buttered, deep tin plates,
and bake in a moderately hot oven for about twenty minutes.

VANILLA ICING

Break the white of one large egg into a bowl, and gradually beat into it
one cupful of confectioners' sugar. Beat for three minutes, add half a
teaspoonful of vanilla extract, and spread thinly on the cakes.

CHOCOLATE ICING

Make a vanilla icing, and add one tablespoonful of cold water to it.
Scrape fine one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate,
and put it in a small iron or granite-ware saucepan, with two
tablespoonfuls of confectioners' sugar and one tablespoonful of hot
water. Stir over a hot fire until smooth and glossy, then add another
tablespoonful of hot water. Stir the dissolved chocolate into the
vanilla icing.

CHOCOLATE PROFITEROLES

Shave into a cup one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1
Chocolate, and put the cup into a pan of boiling water. Make a paste the
same as for eclairs, save that instead of one tablespoonful of sugar
three must be used.

As soon as the paste is cooked, beat in the melted chocolate. When cold,
add the eggs, and beat until light. Drop this batter on lightly buttered
pans in round cakes, having about a dessertspoonful in each cake. Bake
for about twenty minutes in a moderately hot oven. Serve either hot or
cold, with whipped cream prepared the same as for Filling No. 1 for
eclairs. Heap the cream in the center of a flat dish, and arrange the
profiteroles around it.

CHOCOLATE ICE-CREAM

For about two quarts and a half of cream use a pint and a half of milk,
a quart of thin cream, two cupfuls of sugar, two ounces of Walter Baker
& Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, two eggs, and two heaping
tablespoonfuls of flour.

Put the milk on to boil in a double-boiler. Put the flour and one cupful
of the sugar in a bowl; add the eggs, and beat the mixture until light.
Stir this into the boiling milk, and cook for twenty minutes, stirring
often.

Scrape the chocolate, and put it in a small saucepan. Add four
tablespoonfuls of sugar (which should be taken from the second cupful)
and two tablespoonfuls of hot water. Stir over a hot fire until smooth
and glossy. Add this to the cooking mixture.

When the preparation has cooked for twenty minutes, take it from the
fire and add the remainder of the sugar and the cream, which should be
gradually beaten into the hot mixture. Set away to cool, and when cold,
freeze.

CHOCOLATE CREAM PIES

Beat to a cream half a cupful of butter and a cupful and a quarter of
powdered sugar. Add two well-beaten eggs, two tablespoonfuls of wine,
half a cupful of milk, and a cupful and a half of sifted flour, with
which has been mixed a teaspoonful and a half of baking powder. Bake
this in four well-buttered, deep, tin plates for about fifteen minutes
in a moderate oven.

Put half a pint of milk in the double-boiler, and on the fire. Beat
together the yolks of two eggs, three tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar,
and a level tablespoonful of flour. Stir this mixture into the boiling
milk, beating well. Add one-sixth of a teaspoonful of salt, and cook for
fifteen minutes, stirring often. When cooked, flavor with half a
teaspoonful of vanilla extract. Put two of the cakes on two large
plates, spread the cream over them, and lay the other two cakes on top.
Beat the whites of the two eggs to a stiff froth, and then beat into
them one cupful of powdered sugar and one teaspoonful of vanilla. Shave
one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, and put it in
a small pan with two tablespoonfuls of sugar and one tablespoonful of
boiling water. Stir over a hot fire until smooth and glossy. Now add
three tablespoonfuls of cream or milk, and stir into the beaten egg and
sugar. Spread on the pies and set away for a few hours.

CHOCOLATE MOUSSE

Put a three-quart mould in a wooden pail, first lining the bottom with
fine ice and a thin layer of coarse salt. Pack the space between the
mould and the pail solidly with fine ice and coarse salt, using two
quarts of salt and ice enough to fill the space. Whip one quart of
cream, and drain it in a sieve. Whip again all the cream that drains
through. Put in a small pan one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium
No. 1 Chocolate, three tablespoonfuls of sugar and one of boiling water,
and stir over a hot fire until smooth and glossy. Add three
tablespoonfuls of cream. Sprinkle a cupful of powdered sugar over the
whipped cream. Pour the chocolate in a thin stream into the cream, and
stir gently until well mixed. Wipe out the chilled mould, and turn the
cream into it. Cover, and then place a little ice lightly on top. Wet a
piece of carpet in water, and cover the top of the pail. Set away for
three or four hours; then take the mould from the ice, dip it in cold
water, wipe, and then turn the mousse out on a flat dish.

CHOCOLATE CHARLOTTE

Soak a quarter of a package of gelatine in one-third of a cupful of cold
water for two hours. Whip one pint of cream to a froth, and put it in a
bowl, which should be placed in a pan of ice-water. Put half an ounce of
shaved chocolate in a small pan with two tablespoonfuls of sugar and one
of boiling water, and stir over the hot fire until smooth and glossy.
Add to this a gill of hot milk and the soaked gelatine, and stir until
the gelatine is dissolved. Sprinkle a generous half cupful of powdered
sugar over the cream. Now add the chocolate and gelatine mixture, and
stir gently until it begins to thicken. Line a quart charlotte-mould
with lady fingers, and when the cream is so thick that it will just
pour, turn it gently into the mould. Place the charlotte in a cold
place for an hour or more, and, at serving time, turn out on a flat
dish.

CHOCOLATE BAVARIAN CREAM

For one large mould of cream, use half a package of gelatine, one gill
of milk, two quarts of whipped cream, one gill of sugar, and two and a
half ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Chocolate.

Soak the gelatine in cold water for two hours. Whip and drain the cream,
scrape the chocolate, and put the milk on to boil. Put the chocolate,
two tablespoonfuls of sugar and one of hot water in a small saucepan,
and stir on a hot fire until smooth and glossy. Stir this into the hot
milk. Now add the soaked gelatine and the remainder of the sugar. Strain
this mixture into a basin that will hold two quarts or more. Place the
basin in a pan of ice-water, and stir until cold, when it will begin to
thicken. Instantly begin to stir in the whipped cream, adding half the
amount at first. When all the cream has been added, dip the mould in
cold water and turn the cream into it. Place in the ice-chest for an
hour or more.

At serving-time dip the mould in tepid water. See that the cream will
come from the sides of the mould, and turn out on a flat dish. Serve
with whipped cream.

CHOCOLATE CREAM

Soak a box of gelatine in half a pint of cold water for two hours. Put
one quart of milk in the double-boiler, and place on the fire. Shave two
ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, and put it in a
small pan with four tablespoonfuls of sugar and two of boiling water.
Stir over a hot fire until smooth and glossy, and then stir into the hot
milk. Beat the yolks of five eggs with half a cupful of sugar. Add to
the gelatine, and stir the mixture into the hot milk. Cook three minutes
longer, stirring all the while. On taking from the fire, add two
teaspoonfuls of vanilla and half a saltspoonful of salt. Strain, and
pour into moulds that have been rinsed in cold water. Set away to
harden, and serve with sugar and cream.

CHOCOLATE BLANC-MANGE

Put one quart of milk in the double-boiler, and place on the fire.
Sprinkle into it one level tablespoonful of sea-moss farina. Cover, and
cook until the mixture looks white, stirring frequently. It will take
about twenty minutes. While the milk and farina are cooking, shave two
ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, and put it into
a small pan with four tablespoonfuls of sugar and two of boiling water.
Stir over a hot fire until smooth and glossy, then stir into the cooked
mixture. Add a saltspoonful of salt and a teaspoonful of vanilla.
Strain, and turn into a mould that has been rinsed in cold water. Set
the mould in a cold place, and do not disturb it until the blanc-mange
is cold and firm. Serve with sugar and cream.

CHOCOLATE CREAM RENVERSEE

Use one quart of milk, seven eggs, half a pint of sugar, one ounce of
Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, half a teaspoonful of
salt. Put the milk on the fire in the double-boiler. Shave the
chocolate, and put it in a small pan with three tablespoonfuls of the
sugar and one of boiling water. Stir over a hot fire until smooth and
glossy; then stir into the hot milk, and take the milk from the fire to
cool.

Put three tablespoonfuls of sugar into a charlotte-mould that will hold
a little more than a quart, and place on the stove. When the sugar melts
and begins to smoke, move the mould round and round, to coat it with the
burnt sugar, then place on the table. Beat together the remainder of the
sugar, the eggs, and the salt. Add the cold milk and chocolate to the
mixture, and after straining into the charlotte-mould, place in a deep
pan, with enough tepid water to come nearly to the top of the mould.
Bake in a moderate oven until firm in the center. Test the cream by
running a knife through the center. If firm and smooth, it is done. It
will take forty or forty-five minutes to cook. When icy-cold, turn on a
flat dish. Serve with whipped cream that has been flavored with sugar
and vanilla.

BAKED CHOCOLATE CUSTARD

For five small custards use one pint of milk, two eggs, one ounce of
Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, one-fourth of a
teaspoonful of salt, and a piece of stick cinnamon about an inch long.

Put the cinnamon and milk in the double-boiler, place on the fire and
cook for ten minutes. Shave the chocolate, and put it in a small pan
with three tablespoonfuls of sugar and one of boiling water. Stir this
over a hot fire until smooth and glossy, and then stir it into the hot
milk, after which take the liquid mixture from the fire and cool.

Beat together with a spoon the eggs, salt and two tablespoonfuls of the
sugar. Add the cooled milk and strain. Pour the mixture into the cups,
which place in a deep pan. Pour into the pan enough tepid water to come
nearly to the top of the cups. Bake in a moderate oven until firm in the
center. It will take about half an hour. Test by running a knife through
the center. If the custard is milky, it is not done. Serve very cold.

CHOCOLATE SOUFFLE

Half a pint of milk, two ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Chocolate, three
tablespoonfuls of sugar, one rounding tablespoonful of butter, two
tablespoonfuls of flour, four eggs.

Put the milk in the double-boiler, and place on the fire. Beat the
butter to a soft cream, and beat the flour into it. Gradually pour the
hot milk on this, stirring all the time. Return to the fire and cook for
six minutes. Put the shaved chocolate, sugar, and two tablespoonfuls of
water in a small pan over a hot fire, and stir until smooth and glossy.
Stir this into the mixture in the double-boiler. Take from the fire and
add the yolks of the eggs, well beaten; then set away to cool. When cool
add the whites of the eggs, beaten to a stiff froth. Pour the batter
into a well-buttered earthen dish that will hold about a quart, and cook
in a moderate oven for twenty-two minutes. Serve immediately with
vanilla cream sauce.

CHOCOLATE PUDDING

Reserve one gill of milk from a quart, and put the remainder on the fire
in a double-boiler. Mix three tablespoonfuls of cornstarch with the cold
milk. Beat two eggs with half a cupful of powdered sugar and half a
teaspoonful of salt. Add this to the cornstarch and milk, and stir into
the boiling milk, beating well for a minute. Shave fine two ounces of
Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, and put it into a small
pan with four tablespoonfuls of sugar and two of boiling water. Stir
over a hot fire until smooth and glossy; then beat into the hot pudding.
Cook the pudding in all ten minutes, counting from the time the eggs and
cornstarch are added. Serve cold with powdered sugar and cream. This
pudding can be poured while hot into little cups which have been rinsed
in cold water. At serving time turn out on a flat dish, making a circle,
and fill the center of the dish with whipped cream flavored with sugar
and vanilla.

The eggs may be omitted, in which case use one more tablespoonful of
cornstarch.

CHOCOLATE MERINGUE PUDDING

For a small pudding use one pint of milk, two tablespoonfuls and a half
of cornstarch, one ounce of Walter Baker & Co.'s Chocolate, two eggs,
five tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar, one-fourth of a teaspoonful of
salt, and half a teaspoonful of vanilla extract.

Mix the cornstarch with one gill of the milk. Put the remainder of the
milk on to boil in the double-boiler. Scrape the chocolate. When the
milk boils, add the cornstarch, salt, and chocolate, and cook for ten
minutes. Beat the yolks of the eggs with three tablespoonfuls of sugar.
Pour the hot mixture on this, and beat well. Turn into a pudding-dish
that will hold about a quart, and bake for twenty minutes in a moderate
oven.

Beat the whites of the eggs to a stiff, dry froth, and gradually beat in
the remaining two tablespoonfuls of sugar and the vanilla. Spread this
on the pudding, and return to the oven. Cook for fifteen minutes longer,
but with the oven-door open. Serve either cold or hot.

MILTON PUDDING

Use one pint of stale bread broken in crumbs, one quart of milk, two
eggs, half a teaspoonful of salt, half a teaspoonful of ground cinnamon,
three tablespoonfuls of sugar and two ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s
Chocolate, grated. Put the bread, milk, cinnamon, and chocolate in a
bowl, and soak for two or three hours. Beat together the eggs, sugar,
and salt. Mash the soaked bread with a spoon, and add the egg mixture to
the bread and milk. Pour into a pudding-dish, and bake in a slow oven
for about forty minutes. Serve with an egg sauce or a vanilla cream
sauce.

EGG SAUCE.--Beat the whites of two eggs to a stiff, dry froth; and beat
into this, a little at a time, one cupful of powdered sugar. When smooth
and light, add one teaspoonful of vanilla and the yolks of two eggs.
Beat the mixture a little longer; then stir in one cupful of whipped
cream or three tablespoonfuls of milk. Serve at once.

VANILLA CREAM SAUCE.--Beat to a cream three tablespoonfuls of butter,
and gradually beat into this two-thirds of a cupful of powdered sugar.
When this is light and creamy, add a teaspoonful of vanilla; then
gradually beat in two cupfuls of whipped cream. Place the bowl in a pan
of boiling water, and stir constantly for three minutes. Pour the sauce
into a warm bowl, and serve.

SNOW PUDDING

Put a pint of milk in the double-boiler and on the fire. Mix three
tablespoonfuls of cornstarch with a gill of milk and one-third of a
teaspoonful of salt. Stir this into the milk when it boils. Beat the
whites of four eggs to a stiff froth, and then gradually beat into them
half a cupful of powdered sugar and one teaspoonful of vanilla. Add this
to the cooking mixture, and beat vigorously for one minute. Rinse a
mould in cold water, and pouring the pudding into it, set away to cool.
At serving-time turn out on a flat dish, and serve with chocolate sauce.

CHOCOLATE SAUCE

Put one pint of milk in the double-boiler, and on the fire. Shave two
ounces of Walter Baker and Co.'s Chocolate, and put it in a small pan
with four tablespoonfuls of sugar and two of boiling water. Stir over
the fire until smooth and glossy, and add to the hot milk. Beat together
for eight minutes the yolks of four eggs, three tablespoonfuls of sugar,
and a saltspoonful of salt, and then add one gill of cold milk.

Pour the boiling milk on this, stirring well. Return to the
double-boiler, and cook for five minutes, stirring all the time. Pour
into a cold bowl and set the bowl in cold water. Stir for a few minutes,
and then occasionally until the sauce is cold.

This sauce is nice for cold or hot cornstarch pudding, bread pudding,
cold cabinet pudding, snow pudding, etc. It will also answer for a
dessert. Fill custard glasses with it, and serve the same as soft
custard; or have the glasses two-thirds full, and heap up with whipped
cream.

CHOCOLATE CANDY

One cupful of molasses, two cupfuls of sugar, one cupful of milk,
one-half pound of chocolate, a piece of butter half the size of an egg.
Boil the milk and molasses together, scrape the chocolate fine, and mix
with just enough of the boiling milk and molasses to moisten; rub it
perfectly smooth, then, with the sugar, stir into the boiling liquid;
add the butter, and boil twenty minutes. Try as molasses candy, and if
it hardens, pour into a buttered dish. Cut the same as nut candy.

CREAM CHOCOLATE CARAMELS

Mix together in a granite-ware saucepan half a pint of sugar, half a
pint of molasses, half a pint of thick cream, one generous tablespoonful
of butter, and four ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1
Chocolate. Place on the fire and stir until the mixture boils. Cook
until a few drops of it will harden if dropped into ice-water; then pour
into well-buttered pans, having the mixture about three-fourths of an
inch deep. When nearly cold, mark into squares. It will take almost an
hour to boil this in a granite-ware pan, but not half so long if cooked
in an iron frying-pan. Stir frequently while boiling. The caramels must
be put in a very cold place to harden.

SUGAR CHOCOLATE CARAMELS

Mix two cupfuls of sugar, three-fourths of a cupful of milk or cream,
one generous tablespoonful of butter, and three ounces of Walter Baker &
Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate. Place on the fire and cook, stirring
often, until a little of the mixture, when dropped in ice-water, will
harden; then stir in one-fourth of a cupful of sugar and one
tablespoonful of vanilla, and pour into a well-buttered pan, having the
mixture about three-fourths of an inch deep. When nearly cold, mark it
off in squares, and put in a cold place to harden. These caramels are
sugary and brittle, and can be made in the hottest weather without
trouble. If a deep granite-ware saucepan be used for the boiling, it
will take nearly an hour to cook the mixture; but if with an iron
frying-pan, twenty or thirty minutes will suffice.

CHOCOLATE CREAMS, No. 1

Beat the whites of two eggs to a stiff froth. Gradually beat into this
two cupfuls of confectioners' sugar. If the eggs be large, it may take a
little more sugar. Flavor with half a teaspoonful of vanilla, and work
well. Now roll into little balls, and drop on a slightly buttered
platter. Let the balls stand for an hour or more. Shave five ounces of
Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate and put into a small bowl,
which place on the fire in a saucepan containing boiling water. When the
chocolate is melted, take the saucepan to the table, and drop the creams
into the chocolate one at a time, taking them out with a fork and
dropping them gently on the buttered dish. It will take half an hour or
more to harden the chocolate.

CHOCOLATE CREAMS, No. 2

For these creams you should make a fondant in this way: put into a
granite-ware saucepan one cupful of water and two of granulated
sugar--or a pound of loaf sugar. Stir until the sugar is nearly melted,
then place on the fire and heat slowly, but do not stir the mixture.
Watch carefully and note when it begins to boil. When the sugar has been
boiling for ten minutes, take up a little of it and drop in ice-water.
If it hardens enough to form a soft ball when rolled between the thumb
and finger, it is cooked enough. Take the saucepan from the fire
instantly, and set in a cool, dry place. When the syrup is so cool that
the finger can be held in it comfortably, pour it into a bowl, and stir
with a wooden spoon until it becomes thick and white. When it begins to
look dry, and a little hard, take out the spoon, and work with the hand
until the cream is soft and smooth. Flavor with a few drops of vanilla,
and, after shaping, cover with chocolate, as directed in the preceding
recipe.

_Caution._--Do not stir the syrup while it is cooking, and be careful
not to jar or shake the saucepan.

CHOCOLATE CONES

Boil the sugar as directed for fondant in the recipe for Chocolate
Creams, No. 2, but not quite so long--say about eleven minutes. The
syrup, when tested, should be too soft to ball. When cold, pour into a
bowl, and beat until thick and creamy. If properly boiled, it will not
become thick enough to work with the hands.

Have six ounces of Walter Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate melted
in a bowl. Pour half of the creamed sugar into another bowl, and, after
flavoring with a few drops of vanilla, add to it about one-third of the
dissolved chocolate. Stir until thick and rather dry; then make into
small cones, and drop on a slightly buttered platter. Put half of the
remaining creamed sugar in a cup, and set in a saucepan containing
boiling water. Flavor with vanilla, and stir over the fire until melted
so much that it will pour from the spoon. Take the saucepan to the table
and dip one-half the cones in, one at a time, just as the Chocolate
Creams, No. 1, were dipped in the melted chocolate. If liked, a second
coating may be given the cones. Now put the remainder of the creamed
sugar on to melt, and add two tablespoonfuls of hot water to it. Stir
the remainder of the melted chocolate into this, and if too thick to dip
the candy in, add hot water, a few drops at a time, until the mixture is
of the right consistency; then dip the rest of the cones in this.

GENESEE BON-BONS

Make the cream chocolate caramels, and get them quite firm by placing
the pan on ice. Make the chocolate coating as directed for chocolate
cones. Dip the caramels in this and put on a buttered dish.

CHOCOLATE SYRUP

Into a granite-ware saucepan put one ounce--three tablespoonfuls--of
Walter Baker & Co.'s Soluble Chocolate, and gradually pour on it half a
pint of boiling water, stirring all the time. Place on the fire, and
stir until all the chocolate is dissolved. Now add one pint of
granulated sugar, and stir until it begins to boil. Cook for three
minutes longer, then strain and cool. When cool, add one tablespoonful
of vanilla extract. Bottle, and keep in a cold place.

REFRESHING DRINKS FOR SUMMER

Put into a tumbler about two tablespoonfuls of broken ice, two
tablespoonfuls of chocolate syrup, three tablespoonfuls of whipped
cream, one gill of milk, and half a gill of soda-water from a syphon
bottle, or Apollinaris water. Stir well before drinking. A tablespoonful
of vanilla ice-cream is a desirable addition. It is a delicious drink,
even if the soda or Apollinaris water and ice-cream be omitted. A
plainer drink is made by combining the syrup, a gill and a half of milk,
and the ice, shaking well.

A FEW SUGGESTIONS IN REGARD TO CHOCOLATE

The best flavor to add to chocolate is vanilla; next to that, cinnamon.
Beyond these two things one should use great caution, as it is very easy
to spoil the fine natural flavor of the bean. Chocolate absorbs odors
readily; therefore it should be kept in a pure, sweet atmosphere. As
about eleven per cent. of the chocolate bean is starch, chocolate and
cocoa are of a much finer flavor if boiled for a few minutes. Long
boiling, however, ruins their flavor and texture.

Recipes Specially Prepared _by_ Miss Elizabeth Kevill Burr

(All measurements should be level.)

FORMULA FOR MAKING THREE GALLONS OF BREAKFAST COCOA

1/2 a pound of Walter Baker & Co.'s Cocoa,
1-1/2 gallons of water, hot,
1-1/2 gallons of milk, hot.

This should not be allowed to boil. Either make it in a large
double-boiler, or a large saucepan or kettle over water. Mix the cocoa
with enough cold water to make a paste, and be sure it is free from
lumps. Heat together the milk and water, and pour in the cocoa; then
cook at least an hour, stirring occasionally.

CRACKED COCOA

To one-third a cup of Baker's Cracked Cocoa (sometimes called "Cocoa
Nibs") use three cups of cold water; cook slowly at least one hour--the
longer the better. Then strain the liquid and add one cup (or more if
desired) of milk, and serve very hot. Do not allow the mixture to boil
after milk has been added.

VANILLA CHOCOLATE WITH WHIPPED CREAM

One cake (1/2 a pound) of Walter Baker & Co.'s Vanilla Sweet Chocolate,
4 cups of boiling water,
Pinch of salt,
4 cups of hot milk.

This must be made in a double-boiler. Put the chocolate, boiling water
and salt in upper part of the double-boiler. Stir and beat with a wooden
spoon until the chocolate is dissolved and smooth. Add the milk and when
thoroughly hot, strain, and serve with unsweetened whipped cream. More
cooking will improve it.

CHOCOLATE CREAM PIE

Line a pie plate with rich pie crust, putting on an extra edge of crust
the same as for custard pie. Fill with the chocolate filling made after
the following recipe. Bake in a hot oven until crust is done; remove,
and when cool, cover with a meringue and brown very slowly in moderate
oven.

CHOCOLATE FILLING

1 cup of milk,
Pinch of salt,
1-1/2 squares of Baker's Chocolate,
2 level tablespoonfuls of flour,
2 eggs (yolks),
5 tablespoonfuls of sugar (level),
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Put milk, salt and chocolate in upper part of the double-boiler, and
when hot and smooth, stir in the flour, which has been mixed with enough
cold milk to be thin enough to pour into the hot milk. Cook, stirring
constantly, until it thickens; then let it cook eight or ten minutes.
Mix the eggs and sugar together and pour the hot mixture over them,
stirring well; put back in double-boiler and cook, stirring constantly
one minute. Remove, and when cool add one teaspoonful of vanilla.

MERINGUE

2 eggs (whites),
Pinch of salt,
4 level tablespoonfuls of sugar,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Add salt to eggs and beat in a large shallow dish with fork or egg-whip
until stiff and flaky and dish can be turned upside down. Beat in the
sugar slowly, then the vanilla, and beat until the dish can be turned
upside down.

COCOA STICKS

6 tablespoonfuls of butter,
3/4 cup of sugar (scant),
1 egg,
1 tablespoonful of milk,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla or pinch of cinnamon,
5 teaspoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa,
1/8 teaspoonful of baking powder,
1-1/4 to 1-1/2 cups of sifted pastry flour.

Cream the butter until soft; add the sugar gradually and beat well; add
the beaten egg, milk and vanilla; mix thoroughly. Sift cocoa, baking
powder, and a pinch of salt with about one-half cup of the flour; stir
this into the mixture first, then use the remainder of the flour, and
more if necessary, to make a firm dough that will not stick to the
fingers. Set on the ice to harden. Sprinkle the board with cocoa and a
very little sugar. Use small pieces of the dough at a time, toss it over
the board to prevent sticking, roll out thin, cut in strips about
one-half inch wide and three inches long. Place closely in pan and bake
in moderately hot oven three or four minutes. Great care should be taken
in the baking to prevent burning.

It is advisable to gather the scraps after each rolling, if soft, and
set away to harden, for fear of getting in too much cocoa, thus making
them bitter.

The colder and harder the dough is, the better it can be handled;
therefore it can be made the day before using.

COCOA FROSTING

4 teaspoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa,
2 tablespoonfuls of cold water,
3 tablespoonfuls of hot water,
1/2 a teaspoonful of vanilla,
About 1-3/4 cups of confectioners' sugar.

Put the cocoa in a small saucepan; add the cold water and stir until
perfectly smooth; then the hot water, and cook for one or two minutes,
add vanilla and a speck of salt, then stir in enough sugar to make it
stiff enough to spread nicely. Beat until smooth and glossy and free
from lumps.

If too thick, add a little cold water. If not thick enough, add a little
sugar. Never make a frosting so stiff that it will have to be made
smooth with a wet knife. It is better to let it run to the sides of the
cake. For frosting sides of the cake, make a little stiffer.

This frosting never cracks as an egg frosting, but is hard enough to cut
nicely.

COCOA SAUCE

2 tablespoonfuls of butter,
1 cup of boiling water,
2 tablespoonfuls of flour,
4 tablespoonfuls of sugar,
4 teaspoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Melt the butter in the saucepan; mix the flour and cocoa together and
stir into the butter; add gradually the hot water, stirring and beating
each time; cook until it thickens. Just before serving, add the sugar,
vanilla and a pinch of salt, if necessary.

Use more cocoa if liked stronger. This sauce will be found excellent for
cottage puddings, Dutch apple cakes, steamed apple puddings, etc.

COCOA CAKE

1/2 a cup of butter,
3/4 a cup of milk,
1 cup of sugar,
6 level tablespoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa,
3 eggs,
2 level teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla,
1-1/2 or 2 cups of sifted pastry flour.

Cream the butter, stir in the sugar gradually, add the unbeaten eggs,
and beat all together until very creamy. Sift together one-half cup of
the flour, the cocoa and baking powder; use this flour first, then
alternate the milk and remaining flour, using enough to make mixture
stiff enough to drop from the spoon; add vanilla and beat until very
smooth; then bake in loaf in moderately hot oven thirty-five or forty
minutes.

Tests for baking cake. It is baked enough when:
1. It shrinks from the pan.
2. Touching it on the top, springs back.
3. No singing sound.

COCOA MERINGUE PUDDING

1 cup of milk,
2 eggs (yolks),
2 tablespoonfuls of flour,
Pinch of salt,
4 teaspoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa,
3 tablespoonfuls of sugar,
1/2 a teaspoonful of vanilla.

Put the milk in the upper part of the double-boiler, and heat. Mix flour
and cocoa together and soften in a little cold milk; mix until free
from lumps. When the milk is hot, add the flour, and cook, stirring
often, eight or ten minutes. Beat yolks of eggs lightly; add sugar and
salt, and mix well. When mixture in double-boiler has cooked
sufficiently, strain it over the mixture in the bowl. Put back in
double-boiler and allow it to cook one or two minutes (stirring
constantly), just enough to slightly thicken the eggs. Remove from the
stove, and when cool add vanilla and put in the serving-dish. Cover with
a meringue. Place dish on a board, put in the oven with the door open,
and allow it to remain there for ten or fifteen minutes, and when the
meringue will not stick to the fingers, close the door and let it brown
slightly. This pudding can be eaten warm or cold, but is much better
cold. This will serve four persons generously.

CHOCOLATE ALMONDS

Blanch the almonds by pouring boiling water on them, and let them stand
two or three minutes. Roast them in oven. Dip them in the following
recipe for chocolate coating, and drop on paraffine paper.

1/2 pound cake of Walter Baker's Vanilla Sweet Chocolate,
2 level tablespoonfuls of butter,
2 tablespoonfuls of boiling water.

Put chocolate in small saucepan over boiling water and when melted stir
in butter and water. Mix well. If found to be too thick, add more water;
if too thin, more chocolate.

HOT CHOCOLATE SAUCE

1 cup of boiling water,
Pinch of salt,
1 square of chocolate,
1/2 a cup of sugar.

Cook all together slowly until it is the consistency of maple syrup, or
thicker if desired. Just before serving, add one teaspoonful of vanilla.
This will keep indefinitely, and can be reheated.

COCOA SPONGE CAKE

4 eggs,
1/4 a cup of sugar,
Pinch of salt,
4 tablespoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa,
1/2 a cup of sifted pastry flour,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Separate yolks from whites of eggs; beat yolks in a small bowl with the
Dover egg-beater until very thick; add sugar, salt and vanilla, and beat
again until very thick. Sift cocoa and the flour together and stir very
lightly into the mixture; fold in the stiffly beaten whites of the eggs,
and bake in a loaf in a moderate oven until done.

Do not butter the pan, but when cake is baked, invert the pan; and when
cool, remove the cake.

CHOCOLATE FROSTING

1 square of Baker's Chocolate,
Pinch of salt,
5 tablespoonfuls of boiling water,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla,
About three cups of sifted confectioners' sugar.

Melt chocolate in bowl over tea-kettle, add water, salt and vanilla, and
when smooth add the sugar, and heat until very glossy. Make the frosting
stiff enough to spread without using a wet knife. It will keep
indefinitely.

CHOCOLATE CAKE, OR DEVIL'S FOOD

5 level tablespoonfuls of butter,
1-1/4 cups of sugar,
3-1/2 squares of Baker's Chocolate, (melted),
3 eggs,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla,
3/4 a cup of milk,
3-1/2 level teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
1-1/2 cups of sifted pastry flour.

Cream the butter, add sugar and chocolate, then the unbeaten eggs and
vanilla, and beat together until very smooth. Sift the baking powder
with one-half a cup of the flour, and use first; then alternate the milk
and the remaining flour, and make the mixture stiff enough to drop from
the spoon. Beat until very smooth and bake in loaf in moderate oven. For
tests see Cocoa Cake recipe on page 25.

CHOCOLATE ICE-CREAM

1 quart of milk,
Pinch of salt,
3 squares of Baker's Chocolate,
3 level tablespoonfuls of flour,
1 can of sweetened condensed milk,
3 eggs,
6 level tablespoonfuls of sugar,
3 teaspoonfuls of vanilla.

Put milk, salt and chocolate in double-boiler, and when milk is hot and
chocolate has melted, stir in the flour, previously mixed in a little
cold milk. Cook ten minutes, then pour this over the condensed milk,
eggs and sugar mixed together; cook again for four minutes, stirring.
Strain, and when cool add vanilla, and freeze.

CHOCOLATE WHIP

1 cup of milk,
1-1/2 squares of Baker's Chocolate,
Pinch of salt,
2 level tablespoonfuls of cornstarch,
2 eggs (yolks),
6 level tablespoonfuls of sugar,
2 teaspoonfuls of vanilla,
5 eggs (whites).

Put milk, chocolate and salt in double-boiler; mix cornstarch in a small
quantity of cold milk, and stir into the hot milk when the chocolate has
been melted; stir until smooth, then cook twelve minutes. Mix together
the yolks of the eggs and sugar, then pour the hot mixture over it; cook
again one or two minutes, stirring. When very cold, just before serving,
add the vanilla and fold in the stiffly beaten whites of the eggs. Pile
lightly in a glass dish and serve with lady fingers. A meringue can be
made of the whites of the eggs and sugar, then folded in the chocolate
mixture, but it does not stand as long.

COCOA MARBLE CAKE

6 level tablespoonfuls of butter,
1 cup of granulated sugar,
3 eggs,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla,
3/4 a cup of milk.

Three level teaspoonfuls of baking powder, about one and three-quarter
cups of sifted flour, or flour enough to make mixture stiff enough to
drop from the spoon. Mix in the order given. Reserve one-third of this
mixture and add to it four level tablespoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa and to
the other one cup of shredded cocoanut. Bake thirty-five or forty
minutes according to size and shape of pan.

CHOCOLATE MARBLE CAKE

This is the same as the Cocoa Marble Cake. Add to one-third of the
mixture one and one-half squares of Baker's Chocolate in place of the
cocoa, and one cup of chopped walnuts to the other part in place of the
shredded cocoanut.

CHOCOLATE JELLY

1 pint of boiling water,
1/3 a package of gelatine,
2 pinches of salt,
2 level tablespoonfuls of sugar,
1-1/2 squares of Baker's Chocolate,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Put the water, salt and chocolate in a saucepan. Cook, stirring until
the chocolate melts, then let it boil for three or five minutes. Soften
the gelatine in a little cold water and pour the boiling mixture over
it. Stir until dissolved, then add sugar and vanilla. Pour into a mould
and set aside to harden, serve with cream and powdered sugar or
sweetened whipped cream.

COTTAGE PUDDING

4 level tablespoonfuls of butter,
2 eggs,
1 cup of sugar,
3/4 a cup of milk.

Two level teaspoonfuls of baking powder, one and three-quarter cups of
sifted flour or enough to make mixture stiff enough to drop from the
spoon. Bake in buttered gem pans in moderately hot oven twenty-three or
twenty-five minutes. If the cake springs back after pressing a finger on
the top, it shows that it is baked enough. To make a cocoa cottage
pudding add to the above rule six level tablespoonfuls of cocoa. Serve
with a vanilla sauce.

VANILLA SAUCE

2 level tablespoonfuls of butter,
1 cup of boiling water,
2 level tablespoonfuls of flour,
4 level tablespoonfuls of sugar,
Pinch of salt,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Melt butter in saucepan, add flour and salt and mix until smooth; add
slowly the boiling water, stirring and beating well. Add sugar and milk.

COCOANUT SOUFFLE

1 cup of milk,
1 pinch of salt,
3 level tablespoonfuls of flour, softened in a little cold milk.
2 level tablespoonfuls of butter,
4 level tablespoonfuls of sugar,
Yolks of 4 eggs,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla,
1 cup of shredded cocoanut,
Whites of 4 eggs.

Heat milk, add salt and flour and cook ten minutes after it has
thickened. Mix together, butter, sugar and yolks of eggs. Pour hot
mixture over, stirring well and set aside to cool. Add vanilla and
cocoanut. Lastly fold in the stiffly beaten whites of the eggs. Bake in
buttered pan, in moderate oven until firm. Serve hot with Chocolate
Sauce.

CHOCOLATE SAUCE

2 level tablespoonfuls of butter,
1 level tablespoonful of flour,
Pinch of salt,
1 cup of boiling water,
1 square of Baker's Chocolate,
4 level tablespoonfuls of sugar,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Melt butter in saucepan, add dry flour and salt and mix until smooth,
then add slowly the hot water, beating well. Add the square of chocolate
and sugar and stir until melted. Add vanilla, just before serving.

COCOA BISCUIT

2 cups or 1 pint of sifted flour,
3 level teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
1/2 a teaspoonful of salt,
2 level tablespoonfuls of sugar,
4 level tablespoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa,
2 level tablespoonfuls of butter or lard,
2/3 a cup of milk or enough to make a firm but not a stiff dough.

Sift all the dry ingredients together, rub in the butter with the tips
of the fingers. Stir in the required amount of milk. Turn out on
slightly floured board, roll or pat out the desired thickness, place
close together in pan and bake in very hot oven ten or fifteen minutes.

COCOA FUDGE

[Illustration: COCOA FUDGE.]

1/2 a cup of milk,
3 level tablespoonfuls of butter,
2-1/2 cups of powdered sugar,
6 tablespoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa,
Pinch of salt,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Mix all ingredients together but vanilla; cook, stirring constantly,
until it begins to boil, then cook slowly, stirring occasionally, eight
or ten minutes, or until it makes a firm ball when dropped in cold
water. When cooked enough, add the vanilla and beat until it seems like
very cold molasses in winter. Pour into a buttered pan; when firm, cut
in squares. Great care must be taken not to beat too much, because it
cannot be poured into the pan, and will not have a gloss on top.

Miss M.E. Robinson's Recipes

PLAIN CHOCOLATE

1 ounce or square of Baker's Premium Chocolate,
3 tablespoonfuls of sugar,
1/8 a teaspoonful of salt,
1 pint of boiling water,
1 pint of milk.

Place the chocolate, sugar and salt in the agate chocolate-pot or
saucepan, add the boiling water and boil three minutes, stirring once or
twice, as the chocolate is not grated. Add the milk and allow it time to
heat, being careful not to boil the milk, and keep it closely covered,
as this prevents the scum from forming. When ready to serve turn in
chocolate-pitcher and beat with Dover egg-beater until light and foamy.

COCOA DOUGHNUTS

One egg, one-half a cup of sugar, one-half a cup of milk, one-quarter
teaspoonful of salt, one-quarter teaspoonful of cinnamon extract
(Burnett's), two cups of flour, one-quarter cup of Baker's Breakfast
Cocoa, two teaspoonfuls of baking powder. Mix in the order given,
sifting the baking powder and cocoa with the flour. Roll to one-third an
inch in thickness, cut and fry.

COCOA SPONGE CAKE

3 eggs,
1-1/2 cups of sugar,
1/2 a cup of cold water,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla,
1-3/4 cups of flour,
1/4 a cup of Baker's Cocoa,
2 teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
1 teaspoonful of cinnamon.

Beat yolks of eggs light, add water, vanilla and sugar; beat again
thoroughly; then add the flour, with which the baking powder, cocoa and
cinnamon have been sifted. Fold in the stiffly beaten whites of the
eggs. Bake in a rather quick oven for twenty-five or thirty minutes.

COCOA MARBLE CAKE

1/3 a cup of butter,
1 cup of sugar,
1 egg,
1/2 a cup of milk,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla,
2 cups of flour,
2 teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
3 tablespoonfuls of Baker's Cocoa.

Cream the butter, add sugar, vanilla and egg; beat thoroughly, then add
flour (in which is mixed the baking powder) and milk, alternately, until
all added. To one-third of the mixture add the cocoa, and drop the white
and brown mixture in spoonfuls into small, deep pans, and bake about
forty minutes in moderate oven.

COCOA BUNS

2 tablespoonfuls of butter,
1/3 a cup of sugar,
1 egg,
1/4 a teaspoonful of salt,
1 cup of scalded milk,
2 compressed yeast cakes softened in 1/2 a cup of warm water,
1/4 a teaspoonful of extract cinnamon,
1/2 a cup of Baker's Breakfast Cocoa,
3-1/2 to 4 cups of flour.

Mix in order given, having dough as soft as can be handled, turn onto
moulding board, roll into a square about an inch in thickness, sprinkle
on one-half cup of currants, fold the sides to meet the centre, then
each end to centre, and fold again. Roll as at first, using another
one-half cup currants, fold, roll and fold again. Place in a bowl which
is set in pan of warm water, let raise forty minutes. Shape, place in
pan, let raise until doubled in size. Bake fifteen to twenty minutes. As
you take from oven, brush the top with white of one egg beaten with
one-half cup confectioners' sugar. Let stand five minutes. Then they are
ready to serve.

MRS. RORER'S CHOCOLATE CAKE

2 ounces of chocolate,
4 eggs,
1/2 a cup of milk,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla,
1/2 a cup of butter,
1-1/2 cups of sugar,
1 heaping teaspoonful of baking powder,
1-3/4 cups of flour.

Dissolve the chocolate in five tablespoonfuls of boiling water. Beat the
butter to a cream, add the yolks, beat again, then the milk, then the
melted chocolate and flour. Give the whole a vigorous beating. Now beat
the whites of the eggs to a stiff froth, and stir them carefully into
the mixture; add the vanilla and baking powder. Mix quickly and lightly,
turn into well-greased cake pan and bake in a moderate oven forty-five
minutes.--_From Mrs. Rorer's Cook Book._

MRS. LINCOLN'S CHOCOLATE CARAMELS

One cup of molasses, half a cup of sugar, one-quarter of a pound of
chocolate cut fine, half a cup of milk, and one heaping tablespoonful of
butter. Boil all together, stirring all the time. When it hardens in
cold water, pour it into shallow pans, and as it cools cut in small
squares.--_From Mrs. Lincoln's Boston Cook Book._

MISS FARMER'S CHOCOLATE NOUGAT CAKE

1/4 a cup of butter,
1-1/2 cups of powdered sugar,
1 egg,
1 cup of milk,
2 cups of bread flour,
3 teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
1/2 teaspoonful of vanilla,
2 squares of chocolate, melted,
1/2 a cup of powdered sugar,
2/3 a cup of almonds blanched and shredded.

Cream the butter, add gradually one and one-half cups of sugar, and egg
unbeaten; when well mixed, add two-thirds milk, flour mixed and sifted
with baking powder, and vanilla. To melted chocolate add one-third a cup
of powdered sugar, place on range, add gradually remaining milk, and
cook until smooth. Cool slightly and add to cake mixture. Bake fifteen
to twenty minutes in round layer-cake pans. Put between layers and on
top of cake White Mountain Cream sprinkled with almonds.--_From Boston
Cooking School Cook Book--Fannie Merritt Farmer._

MRS. ARMSTRONG'S CHOCOLATE PUDDING

Soften three cups of stale bread in an equal quantity of milk. Melt two
squares of Walter Baker & Co.'s Chocolate over hot water and mix with
half a cup of sugar, a little salt, three beaten eggs and half a
teaspoonful of vanilla. Mix this thoroughly with the bread and place in
well-buttered custard-cups. Steam about half an hour (according to size)
and serve in the cups or turned out on warm plate.--_Mrs. Helen
Armstrong._

MRS. ARMSTRONG'S CHOCOLATE CHARLOTTE

Soak a quarter of a package of gelatine in one-fourth of a cupful of
cold water. Whip one pint of cream to a froth and put it in a bowl,
which should be placed in a pan of ice water. Put an ounce of Walter
Baker & Co.'s Chocolate in a small pan with two tablespoonfuls of sugar
and one of boiling water, and stir over the hot fire until smooth and
glossy. Add to this a gill of hot milk and the soaked gelatine, and stir
until the gelatine is dissolved. Sprinkle a generous half cupful of
powdered sugar over the cream. Now add the chocolate and gelatine
mixture and stir gently until it begins to thicken. Line a quart
charlotte mould with lady fingers, and when the cream is so thick that
it will just pour, turn it gently into the mould. Place the charlotte in
a cold place for an hour or more, and at serving time turn out on a flat
dish.--_Mrs. Helen Armstrong._

CHOCOLATE JELLY WITH CRYSTALLIZED GREEN GAGES

Dissolve in a quart of water three tablespoonfuls of grated chocolate;
let come to a boil; simmer ten minutes; add a cup of sugar and a box of
gelatine (that has been softened in a cup of water) and strain through a
jelly bag or two thicknesses of cheese-cloth. When almost cold, add a
dessertspoonful of vanilla and a tablespoonful of brandy. Then whisk
well; add half a pound of crystallized green gages cut into small
pieces; pour into a pretty mould, and when cold serve with whipped
cream.

MRS. BEDFORD'S CHOCOLATE CRULLERS

Cream two tablespoonfuls of butter and one-half of a cupful of sugar;
gradually add the beaten yolks of three eggs and one and one-half
cupfuls more of sugar, one cupful of sour milk, one teaspoonful of
vanilla, two ounces of chocolate grated and melted over hot water,
one-third of a teaspoonful of soda dissolved in one-half of a
teaspoonful of boiling water, the whites of the eggs whipped to a stiff
froth, and sufficient sifted flour to make a soft dough. Roll out, cut
into oblongs; divide each into three strips, leaving the dough united at
one end. Braid loosely, pinch the ends together and cook until
golden-brown in smoking-hot fat.--_Mrs. Cornelia C. Bedford._

MRS. BEDFORD'S HOT COCOA SAUCE FOR ICE-CREAM

Boil together one and one-half cupfuls of water and one cupful of sugar
for two minutes; add one tablespoonful of arrowroot dissolved in a
little cold water, stir for a moment, then boil until clear. Add two
tablespoonfuls of cocoa which has been dissolved in a little hot water
and a tiny pinch of salt and boil three minutes longer. Take from the
fire and add one teaspoonful of vanilla.--_Mrs. Cornelia C. Bedford._

MRS. BEDFORD'S CHOCOLATE MACAROONS

Grate one-quarter of a pound of chocolate and mix one-quarter of a pound
of sifted powdered sugar and one-quarter of a pound of blanched and
ground almonds. Add a pinch of cinnamon and mix to a soft paste with
eggs beaten until thick. Drop in half-teaspoonfuls on slightly buttered
paper and bake in a moderate oven. Do not take from the paper until
cold; then brush the under side with cold water, and the paper can be
readily stripped off.--_Mrs. Cornelia C. Bedford._

MRS. EWING'S CREAMY COCOA

Stir together in a saucepan half a cup of Walter Baker & Co.'s Breakfast
Cocoa, half a cup of flour, half a cup of granulated sugar and half a
teaspoonful of salt. Add gradually one quart of boiling water and let
the mixture boil five minutes, stirring it constantly. Remove from the
fire, add a quart of boiling milk, and serve. If desired a spoonful of
whipped cream may be put in each cup before filling with the cocoa.

The proportions given will make delicious, creamy cocoa, sufficient to
serve twelve persons. The flour should be sifted before it is
measured.--_By Mrs. Emma P. Ewing, author of "The Art of Cookery."_

MRS. EWING'S CREAMY CHOCOLATE

Mix together half a cup of sifted flour, half a cup of granulated sugar
and half a teaspoonful of salt. Put into a saucepan half a cup of Walter
Baker & Co.'s Premium No. 1 Chocolate, finely shaved. Add one quart of
boiling water, stir until dissolved, add the flour, sugar and salt, and
boil gently, stirring constantly, five minutes. Then stir in a quart of
boiling milk, and serve with or without whipped cream.--_Mrs. Emma P.
Ewing, author of "The Art of Cookery."_

MRS. HILL'S COCOA FRAPPE

Mix half a pound of cocoa and three cupfuls of sugar; cook with two
cupfuls of boiling water until smooth; add to three quarts and a half of
milk scalded with cinnamon bark; cook for ten minutes. Beat in the
beaten whites of two eggs mixed with a cupful of sugar and a pint of
whipped cream. Cool, flavor with vanilla extract, and freeze. Serve in
cups. Garnish with whipped cream.--_Janet McKenzie Hill--Ladies' Home
Journal._

MRS. HILL'S CHOCOLATE PUFFS

Stir a cupful of flour into a cupful of water and half a cupful of
butter, boiling together; remove from fire, beat in an ounce of melted
chocolate, and, one at a time, three large eggs. Shape with forcing bag
and rose tube. Bake, cut off the tops and put into each cake a
tablespoonful of strawberry preserves. Cover with whipped cream
sweetened and flavored.--_Janet McKenzie Hill--Ladies' Home Journal._

MISS FARMER'S CHOCOLATE CREAM CANDY

2 cups of sugar,
2/3 a cup of milk,
1 tablespoonful of butter,
2 squares of chocolate,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla.

Put butter into granite saucepan; when melted add sugar and milk. Heat
to boiling point; then add chocolate, and stir constantly until
chocolate is melted. Boil thirteen minutes, remove from fire, add
vanilla, and beat until creamy and mixture begins to sugar slightly
around edge of saucepan. Pour at once into a buttered pan, cool slightly
and mark in squares. Omit vanilla, and add, while cooking, one-fourth of
a teaspoonful of cinnamon.--_Boston Cooking School Cook Book--Fannie
Merritt Farmer._

MRS. SALZBACHER'S CHOCOLATE HEARTS

Melt, by standing over hot water, three ounces of unsweetened chocolate;
add a pound of sifted powdered sugar and mix thoroughly; work to a stiff
yet pliable paste with the unbeaten whites of three eggs (or less),
adding vanilla to flavor. If the paste seems too soft, add more sugar.
Break off in small pieces and roll out about one-fourth of an inch
thick, sprinkling the board and paste with granulated sugar instead of
flour. Cut with a tiny heart-shaped cake cutter (any other small cake
cutter will do), and place on pans oiled just enough to prevent
sticking. Bake in a very moderate oven. When done, they will feel firm
to the touch, a solid crust having formed over the top. They should be
very light, and will loosen easily from the pan after being allowed to
stand a moment to cool. The success of these cakes depends upon the
oven, which should not be as cool as for meringue, nor quite so hot as
for sponge cake. If properly made, they are very excellent and but
little labor. Use the yolks for chocolate whips.--_From "Good
Housekeeping."_

COCOA CHARLOTTE (Without Cream)

1 pint of water,
Whites of 2 eggs,
1/2 a teaspoonful of vanilla,
1/2 a cup of sugar,
2 level tablespoonfuls of cornstarch,
1/2 a teaspoonful of cinnamon,
3 tablespoonfuls of cocoa.

Dissolve the cornstarch in a quarter of a cup of cold water, add it to
the pint of boiling water, stir until it thickens, add the sugar and the
cocoa, which have been thoroughly mixed together. Remove from the fire,
add the cinnamon and vanilla, and pour slowly over the stiffly beaten
whites of eggs. Pour at once into a pudding mould, and put away in a
cold place to harden. Serve with plain cream.--_Mabel Richards Dulon._

CHOCOLATE FUDGE WITH FRUIT

Two cups of sugar, one-half cup of milk, one-half cup of molasses,
one-half cup of butter; mix all together and boil seven minutes; add
one-half cup of Baker's Chocolate and boil seven minutes longer. Then
add two tablespoonfuls of figs, two tablespoonfuls of raisins, one-half
a cup of English walnuts and one teaspoonful of vanilla.

CHOCOLATE MACAROONS

Stir to a paste whites of seven eggs, three-fourths a pound of sifted
sugar, one-half a pound of almonds pounded very fine, and two ounces of
grated Baker's Chocolate. Have ready wafer paper cut round, on which lay
pieces of the mixture rolled to fit the wafer. Press one-half a blanched
almond on each macaroon and bake in a moderate oven.

PETITS FOUR

Bake a simple, light sponge cake in a shallow biscuit tin or dripping
pan, and when cold turn out on the moulding board and cut into small
dominoes or diamonds. They should be about an inch in depth. Split each
one and spread jelly or frosting between the layers, then ice tops and
sides with different tinted icings, pale green flavored with pistachio,
pale pink with rose, yellow with orange, white with almond. Little
domino cakes are also pretty. Ice the cakes on top and sides with white
icing, then when hard put on a second layer of chocolate, using _Walter
Baker & Co.'s Unsweetened Chocolate_ and made as for layer cake, dipping
the brush in the melted chocolate to make the spots.

Candied violets, bits of citron cut in fancy shapes, candied cherries
and angelica may all be utilized in making pretty designs in
decoration.--_American Housekeeper._

POTATO CAKE

Two cups of white sugar, one cup of butter, one cup of hot mashed
potatoes, one cup of chopped walnuts, half a cup of sweet milk, two cups
of flour, four eggs well beaten, five teaspoonfuls of melted chocolate,
one tablespoonful each of cloves, cinnamon and nutmeg, two teaspoonfuls
of baking powder. Bake in layers and use marshmallow filling.

SPANISH CHOCOLATE CAKE

One cup of sugar, one-half a cup of butter, one-half a cup of sweet
milk, three cups of flour, two eggs, one teaspoonful of soda dissolved
in hot water. Put on the stove one cup of milk, one-half a cup of
Baker's Chocolate, grated; stir until dissolved; then stir into it one
cup of sugar and the yolk of one egg stirred together; when cool flavor
with vanilla. While this is cooling beat up the first part of the cake
and add the chocolate custard. Bake in layers. Ice on top and between
the layers.

_Home Made Candies_

Recipes Specially Prepared _by_ Mrs. Janet McKenzie Hill

PEPPERMINTS, CHOCOLATE MINTS, Etc.
(Uncooked Fondant)

[Illustration: PEPPERMINTS, CHOCOLATE MINTS, ETC.]

White of 1 egg,
2 tablespoonfuls of cold water,
Sifted confectioner's sugar,
1/2 teaspoonful of essence of peppermint or a few drops of oil of
peppermint,
1 or 2 squares of Baker's Chocolate,
Green color paste,
Pink color paste.

Beat the egg on a plate, add the cold water and gradually work in sugar
enough to make a firm paste. Divide the sugar paste into three parts. To
one part add the peppermint and a very little of the green color paste.
Take the paste from the jar with a wooden tooth pick, add but a little.
Work and knead the mixture until the paste is evenly distributed
throughout. Roll the candy into a sheet one-fourth an inch thick, then
cut out into small rounds or other shape with any utensil that is
convenient. Color the second part a very delicate pink, flavor with rose
extract and cut out in the same manner as the first. To the last part
add one or two squares of Baker's Chocolate, melted over hot water, and
flavor with peppermint. Add also a little water, as the chocolate will
make the mixture thick and crumbly. Begin by adding a tablespoonful of
water, then add more if necessary, knead and cut these as the others.

CHOCOLATE CARAMEL WALNUTS
(Uncooked Fondant)

[Illustration: CHOCOLATE CARAMEL WALNUTS.]

White of 1 egg,
3 tablespoonfuls of maple or caramel syrup,
1 tablespoonful of water,
Sifted confectioner's sugar,
1 teaspoonful of vanilla extract,
2 or more squares of Baker's Chocolate,
English walnuts.

Beat the white of egg slightly, add the syrup, water, sugar as needed,
the chocolate, melted over hot water, and the vanilla, also more water
if necessary. Work with a silver plated knife and knead until thoroughly
mixed, then break off small pieces of uniform size and roll them into
balls, in the hollow of the hand, flatten the balls a little, set the
half of an English walnut upon each, pressing the nut into the candy and
thus flattening it still more. The caramel gives the chocolate a
particularly nice flavor.

HOW TO COAT CANDIES, &c., WITH BAKER'S "DOT" CHOCOLATE

Half a pound of "Dot" Chocolate will coat quite a number of candy or
other "centers," but as depth of chocolate and an even temperature
during the whole time one is at work are essential, it is well, when
convenient, to melt a larger quantity of chocolate. When cold, the
unused chocolate may be cut from the dish and set aside for use at a
future time. If the chocolate be at the proper temperature when the
centers are dipped in it, it will give a rich, glossy coating free from
spots, and the candies will not have a spreading base. After a few
centers have been dipped set them in a cool place to harden. The
necessary utensils are a wire fork and a very small double boiler. The
inner dish of the boiler should be of such size that the melted
chocolate will come nearly to the top of it. Break the chocolate in
small pieces and surround with warm water, stir occasionally while
melting. When the melted chocolate has cooled to about 80 deg. F. it is
ready to use. Drop whatever is to be coated into the chocolate, with the
fork push it below the chocolate, lift out, draw across the edge of the
dish and drop onto a piece of table oil cloth or onto waxed paper. Do
not let a drop of water get into the chocolate.

CHOCOLATE DIPPED PEPPERMINTS
(Uncooked Fondant)

[Illustration: CHOCOLATE DIPPED PEPPERMINTS.]

Prepare green, white, pink and chocolate colored mints by the first
recipe. After they have dried off a little run a spatula under each and
turn to dry the other side. Coat with Baker's "Dot" Chocolate.

GINGER, CHERRY, APRICOT and NUT CHOCOLATES

[Illustration: GINGER, CHERRY, APRICOT AND NUT CHOCOLATES.]

White of 1 egg,
2 tablespoonfuls of cold water,
Sifted confectioner's sugar,
Almond or rose extract,
Preserved ginger,
Candied cherries,
Candied apricots,
Halves of almond,
Halves of pecan nuts,
1/2 a pound of Baker's "Dot" Chocolate.

Use the first four ingredients in making uncooked fondant. (Caramel
syrup is a great addition to this fondant, especially if nuts are to be
used. Use three tablespoonfuls of syrup and one tablespoonful of water
with one egg white instead of the two tablespoonfuls of water indicated
in the recipe). Work the fondant for some time, then break off little
bits and wrap around small pieces of the fruit, then roll in the hollow
of the hand into balls or oblongs. For other candies, roll a piece of
the fondant into a ball, flatten it with the fingers and use to cover a
whole pecan or English walnut meat. Set each shape on a plate as it is
finished. They will harden very quickly. Dip these, one by one, in
Baker's "Dot" Chocolate and set on an oil cloth.

CHOCOLATE PEANUT CLUSTERS

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