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Business Hints for Men and Women by Alfred Rochefort Calhoun

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INSOLVENCY. Inability to pay debts, Bankruptcy.
INTESTATE. Dying without having made a will.
IN TRANSITU. In a state of going from one place to another. Latin.
INVENTORY. An itemized list of goods, or other property, with
their value as estimated at the time.
INVOICE BOOK. A book in which invoices are kept.
JETTISON. Goods thrown overboard to lighten a ship in time of
great danger.
JOBBER. One who buys from the producer to sell to the retailer.
JOB LOT. An irregular collection. Odds and ends unsold at the end
of the season.
JUDGMENT. The decision of a Court.
LEASE. A contract granting possession and use of property for a
specified time.
LEGACY. A bequest; a gift of property by will.
LESSEE. One to whom a lease is made.
LETTER OF CREDIT. An open letter authorizing the bearer to receive
money on the credit of the writer.
LICENSE. A legal permit to carry on a certain business.
LIEN. A legal claim on property, which must be settled before
property can be sold.
LIGHTER. A flat-bottom boat used in loading and unloading vessels
at anchor.
LIGHTERAGE. Charges for use of lighter.
MANIFEST. A list of articles comprising Ship Cargo.
MARGIN. Difference between buying and selling price.
MARINE. Pertaining to the sea.
MATURITY. The date when a commercial paper becomes due.
MERCANTILE AGENCY. A company that collects for the use of its
patrons information as to the standing of all business men in
the country.
MERCANTILE LAW. Law pertaining to business.
MORTGAGEE. The person in whose favor a mortgage is made.
MORTGAGOR. The person who gives a mortgage.
NEGOTIABLE. That which is transferable by delivery, assignment or
NET. Clear of all charges.
NET PROCEEDS. The remainder after deducting charges from sales.
NET WEIGHT. Weight after deducting all allowances.
NOMINAL. Existing in name only.
NOTARY PUBLIC. An officer authorized to administer oaths and take
OPEN ACCOUNT. An account unsettled.
OUTLAWED. A debt which has run beyond the time when the law will
enforce payment.
PAR VALUE. The expressed value of any commercial paper.
PAROL. Verbal, not written or sealed.
PAWN BROKER. One licensed to loan money on personal property.
PAYEE. The person to whom money is to be paid.
PAYER. The person who promises to pay.
PLANT. The entire establishment necessary to carry on a
manufacturing business.
POST DATE. To date after real time of writing.
POWER OF ATTORNEY. A written authority from a principal to
another, authorizing him to act in his stead.
PRICE CURRENT. A list of articles with market values.
PRIMAGE. A percentage allowed to the master of a vessel on the
amount of cargo carried.
PRIMA FACIE. On the first look or view.
PRO RATA. A proportional distribution. Latin.
PROTECTING A DRAFT. Accepting a draft to prevent its being
PROTEST. A formal declaration by a notary that a note was not paid
at maturity, or that any other monetary obligation was not met
when due.
RECEIVER. A person appointed by the Court to take charge of a firm
or corporation on its dissolution, and to distribute its
property according to law.
RESCIND. To revoke, countermand or annul.
RESOURCES. Every form of convertible asset.
REVOCATION. The recall authority conferred on another.
SALVAGE. The allowance made by law to persons who voluntarily
assist in saving a ship or her cargo from destruction.
SHIPPING CLERK. One who attends to shipping goods.
SILENT PARTNER. One who shares in the profits of a firm, though
his name does not appear, nor does he take an active part in its
SINKING FUND. A sum of money set apart for the liquidation of
STOCK. Capital invested in trade. Goods on hand.
CAPITAL STOCK. The capital of a corporation as shown by its
COMMON STOCK. That stock which entitles the owner to an equal
proportionate dividend of the corporate profits and assets, with
one shareholder or class of shareholders having no advantage or
preference over another.
PREFERRED STOCK. That stock which entitles the owner to dividends
out of the net profits before or in preference to the holder of
common stock.
WATERED STOCK. Stock which purports to represent, but does not
honestly represent, money paid into the treasury of a
STOCK EXCHANGE. A place where brokers and others meet to buy and
sell stocks and bonds.
STOCKHOLDER. One who owns shares in a joint stock company or
STOPPAGE IN TRANSIT. The right which the seller has to stop the
goods he has shipped any time before they reach the buyer.
SYNDICATE. A number of men who unite to conduct some commercial
TARE. An allowance made for the weight of boxes, barrels, etc., in
which goods are shipped.
TENANT. One who holds real estate under lease.
TENDER. An offer; a proposal for acceptance.
TICKLER. A book containing a memorandum of notes and other
obligations in the order of their maturity.
TIME DRAFT. A draft maturing at a fixed future date.
TRADE DISCOUNT. A discount or series of discounts from the prices
made to dealers, or because of a change in prices.
TRUSTEE. One who holds any business or property in trust.
UNDERWRITER. One who insures.
USURY. The taking of more than the legal interest.
VOUCHER. Papers and documents that prove the truth of accounts.
WAYBILL. A paper containing a list of goods shipped.
WHARFAGE. Money paid for use of a wharf.
WHARFINGER. One in charge of a wharf; the owner.
WHOLESALE. To sell goods in large quantities, in whole or unbroken
WRIT. An order issued from a Court to one of its officers; or to
one or more litigants where an injunction is issued.


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