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Bismarck and the Foundation of the German Empire by James Wycliffe Headlam

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of hostilities, 350; meets
Napoleon, their interview,
351; accompanies Napoleon
to Belle Vue, 352; willing to
make peace, 352; his circular
notes explaining the German
view, 353, 554; demands territory,
354; his attitude toward
the Provisional Government,
355; his interviews with Jules
Favre, 356-360; his personality,
357, 358; his offer of
terms, 358-361; at Versailles,
362; upholds Germany through
the Press, 362, 363; indignant
at France's use of irregular
troops, 364; affected by delay
before Paris, 364; his tact in
German unification, 366; his
interview with the Crown
Prince, 366; proposes treaties
with southern German States,
367; his agreement with Bavaria,
367, 368; drafts letter
by which King of Bavaria requests
King of Prussia to assume
title of Emperor, 370;
raised to rank of Prince, 370;
interview with Favre on capitulation
of Paris, 370, 371; interview
with Thiers, 371-374;
his part in the negotiations,
374; his views as to Strasburg
and Metz, 374-376; at signature
of Peace of Frankfort,
376; continues in power, 377;
sole master in foreign policy,
378; his success in peace, 379;
refuses support to French monarchical
party, 382; brings
about reconciliation with
Austria, 382, 383; indignant
at report of warlike intentions
toward France, 384; his position
as to internal matters,
385, 386; his party alliances,
386-388; resigns as Minister-President,
389; his depression,
389; his affection for Roon,
390; resumes the Presidency,
390; opposition to him, 390,
391; his dependence on the
National Liberals, 391-394;
supported on army organisation,
393, 394; his part in conflict
with Roman Catholic
Church, 394-403; his resignation
refused by the Emperor,
granted leave of absence, retires
to Varzin, 404; presides
over Congress of Berlin, 406;
effects Triple Alliance, 407; his
efforts against Socialism, 407-411;
his scheme of economic
reform, 411-429; his dislike of
direct taxation, 413, 414; his
proposals for State monopolies,
414-419; introduces system of
Protection, 419-423; his colonial
policy, 423-427; effects
of his measures, 428; refuses
to become a party
leader, 429; his power
checked by Parliament, 430;
complains of conduct of Reichstag.
431; friction with Parliament
as to freedom of debate,
434; his Parliamentary receptions,
435, 436; his recourse
to criminal law against
his adversaries, 436; his lack
of generosity in political struggles,
437; celebration of his
seventieth birthday, 438; presented
with two million marks,
purchases Friedrichsruh, 438;
defends bill for army increase,
441; his release of French spy,
441, 442; his interview with
the Czar, 442; enters into
secret agreement with Russia,
442, 443; proposes army increase,
443; his speech, 443-445;
foundation of his power
removed by death of Emperor
William, 445, 446; his prospects
with Emperor Frederick,
447; opposes marriage of
Princess Victoria of Prussia
to Prince Alexander of Battenberg,
448-450; his differences
with Emperor William II.,
450, 451; his power, 452;
finds his influence and authority
undermined, 452, 453;
chief causes of his differences
with the Emperor, 453, 454;
refuses to acquiesce in degradation
of his position, 455; his
first separation from the Emperor,
455; declines to justify
interview with Windhorst,
456; resigns, created Field
Marshal and Duke of Lauenburg,
456; his leave-takings,
457; his restlessness in leisure,
his energy, 457, 458; receives
deputations, 458; opposes and
defies the Government, 459;
his disclosures, 460; the
avowed enemy of Court and
Ministry, 461; absents himself
from Moltke's funeral, 461; his
triumphal journey to Vienna,
461; his reconciliations with
the Emperor, 462; celebration
of his eighty-fifth birthday,
462; his loneliness and infirmities,
462; his interest in public
affairs, his unbroken mind
and spirit, 463; his death, his
burial at Friedrichsruh, 463

Bismarck, Rudolph von, 5

Bismarck-Bohlen, 9, 19

Blankenburg, Moritz von, 30, 144

Bonin, 109, 140, 141

Boulanger, General, 440

Brandenburg, Count, 51, 81

Brandenburg, the nobility of, 6-8

Bucher, Lothar, 56, 325, 420, 421

Bundesrath, 296

Burnside, General, 361

C

Caprivi, General, 460, 462

Castelnau, General, 349

Cavour, 22, 129-132

Charles Frederick, Prince, 60

Crevisse, 5, 8

D

Delbrueck, 365, 412

Diebwitz, Fraeulein von, 9

Disraeli, 156, 157

E

Erfurt, Parliament of, 79, 80

F

Favre, Jules, 356-360, 370, 373,
376

Frankfort, 87

Frankfort, Peace of, 376, 377

Frederick, Crown Prince, afterward

Frederick III., 183, 184,
207, 219, 220, 236, 260, 276,
324, 325, 336, 342, 343, 366,
369, 416, 445-450

Frederick William, Elector of
Brandenburg, 6

Frederick William III., 36, 37

Frederick William IV., 29, 30,
37, 38, 44, 50-52, 54, 60, 72,
73, 107-110, 127, 138

Friedrichsruh, 438, 439, 463

G

Gagern, Heinrich von, 72

Gambetta, 364

Garibaldi, 365

Gastein, Treaty of, 238, 240

Gerlach, Leopold von, 30, 49, 50

Gortschakoff, 384, 385

Grammont, Duc de, 275, 330,
331, 335

Gravelotte, battle of, 347

Greifswald, 22

Guizot, 335

H

Herisson, Comte, 357, 358

Hobel, 408, 411

Hohenzollern, Leopold, Prince
of, 321-326, 331-337

Holstein, 195-238, 240, 246, 258,
265

K

Katte, Fraeulein von, 8

Kleist, Hans von, 30, 43, 48, 400

Koeniggraetz, battle of, 260, 261

_Kreuz Zeitung_, 49, 107, 115,
119, 126, 390, 391

L

Lasker, 392

Lauenburg, 238, 239

Lhuys, Drouyn de, 277, 278

Loftus, Lord Augustus, 336, 342

M

MacMahon, 348

Manteuffel, Otto von, 51

Mars-la-Tour, 347, 348

Mencken, Fraeulein, afterward
wife of Karl von Bismarck,
10, 14, 21, 22

Metternich, Prince, 36

Metz, 354 360, 374-476

Moltke, Helmuth Karl Bernard
von, 247-249, 257, 259-261,
338, 339. 348-352, 373, 441,
451, 461

Motley, John Lothop, 17,19, 98,
177

N

Napoleon III., 113-119, 125,
129, 137, 138, 175, 176, 213,
214, 228, 238, 241-245, 248,
254. 257, 262-264, 270-274,
277-286, 294, 315, 318, 319,
343, 344, 348-353, 361

Navy, 295
_New Prussian Gazette_, 49
Nobeling, 408, 411

O

Oldenburg, Duke of, 200, 222

Olmuetz, Convention of, 81, 82

P

Pfortden, Baron von der, 284-286

Poland, 171-177

Pomerania, 11-13, 21-24, 29

Press, the, 182, 183, 185

Prim, General, 320, 322, 326,
331

Prokesch-Osten, Herr von, 93,
97

Puttkammer, Fraeulein von, afterward
wife of Otto von Bismarck,
32; Herr v., 447

R

Radowitz, Herr von, 74, 75, 81

Reichstag, 296, 298

Richter, 427

Roon, Albrecht Theodor Emil
von, 31, 140, 141, 143-145,
156, 158-161, 180, 181, 234,
252, 256, 260, 261, 287, 304,
324, 338, 339, 369, 387-390

S

Schleinitz, Herr von, 133, 207

Schleswig, 195-238, 246, 265

Schoenhausen, 1, 5, 8-11, 22,
25-27, 29, 44, 46, 438, 463

Schweninger, Doctor, 458

Sedan, 348-352

Sheridan, General, 347

Sourds, M. de, 330

Stahl, 30, 49

Strasburg, 360, 361, 374-376

Sybel, Heinrich von, 172, 323

T

Thadden, Herr von, 29, 43, 47,
391

Thiele, Herr von, 330

Thiers, M., 353, 362, 371

Thun, 89, 91, 95-97

Toul, 360

Triglaff, 29, 30

Triple Alliance, 405, 407, 443,
443

V

Versailles, 362, 365

Victor Emmanuel, 245, 248, 382

Victoria, Princess, of Prussia,
124, 206, 448-450

Vienna, Congress of, 34-36

Vienna, Peace of, 224-226

Vincke, George von, 40, 47, 207

W

Welfenfond, 313

Werther, Herr von, 323, 336

William, Prince Regent, afterward

William I., 127, 131, 139-141,
145, 152-156, 160-163,
169, 170, 177, 181, 184, 187-189,
192-194, 206, 207, 227,
228, 234-239, 246, 248-251,
258-263, 275, 276, 279, 324-326
331-334, 336-343, 346-349,
352, 369, 370, 384. 388-390,
404, 407-409, 416, 441,
445, 446, 449

William II., 450-462

Wimpffen, 348, 350, 351, 353

Windthorst, 396, 416, 455, 456

Heroes of the Nations

A series of biographical studies of the lives and work of a number of
representative historical characters about whom have gathered the great
traditions of the Nations to which they belonged, and who have been
accepted, in many instances, as types of the several National ideals.
With the life of each typical character is presented a picture of the
National conditions surrounding him during his career.

The narratives are the work of writers who are recognized authorities on
their several subjects, and while thoroughly trustworthy as history,
present picturesque and dramatic "stories" of the Men and of the events
connected with them.

To the Life of each "Hero" is given one duodecimo volume, handsomely
printed in large type, provided with maps and adequately illustrated
according to the special requirements of the several subjects.

_For full list of volumes see next page_.

HEROES OF THE NATIONS

NELSON. By W. Clark Russell.

GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS. By C.R.L. Fletcher.

PERICLES. By Evelyn Abbott.

THEODORIC THE GOTH. By Thomas Hodgkin.

SIR PHILIP SIDNEY. By H.R. Fox-Bourne.

JULIUS CAESAR. By W. Ward Fowler.

WYCLIF. By Lewis Sargeant.

NAPOLEON. By W. O'Connor Morris.

HENRY OF NAVARRE. By P.F. Willert.

CICERO. By J.L. Strachan-Davidson.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By Noah Brooks.

PRINCE HENRY (OF PORTUGAL) THE NAVIGATOR. By C.R. Beazley.

JULIAN THE PHILOSOPHER. By Alice Gardner.

LOUIS XIV. By Arthur Hassall.

CHARLES XII. By R. Nisbet Bain.

LORENZO DE' MEDICI. By Edward Armstrong.

JEANNE D'ARC. By Mrs. Oliphant.

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS. By Washington Irving.

ROBERT THE BRUCE. By Sir Herbert Maxwell.

HANNIBAL. By. W. O'Connor Morris.

ULYSSES S. GRANT. By William Conant Church.

ROBERT E. LEE. By Henry Alexander White.

THE CID CAMPEADOR. By H. Butler Clarke.

SALADIN. By Stanley Lane-Poole.

BISMARCK. By J.W. Headlam.

ALEXANDER THE GREAT. By Benjamin I. Wheeler.

CHARLEMAGNE. By H.W.C. Davis.

OLIVER CROMWELL. By Charles Firth.

RICHELIEU. By James B. Perkins.

DANIEL O'CONNELL. By Robert Dunlap.

SAINT LOUIS (Louis IX. of France). By Frederick Perry.

LORD CHATHAM. By Walford David Green.

OWEN GLYNDWR. By Arthur G. Bradley.

HENRY V. By Charles L. Kingsford.

EDWARD I. By Edward Jenks.

AUGUSTUS CAESAR. By J.B. Firth.

FREDERICK THE GREAT. By W.F. Reddaway.

WELLINGTON. By W. O'Connor Morris.

CONSTANTINE THE GREAT. By J.B. Firth.

MOHAMMED. D.S. Margoliouth.

GEORGE WASHINGTON. By J.A. Harrison.

CHARLES THE BOLD. By Ruth Putnam.

WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. By F.B. Stanton.

FERNANDO CORTES. By P.A. MacNutt.

WILLIAM THE SILENT. By R. Putnam.

BLUeCHER. By E.F. Henderson.

ROGER THE GREAT. By B. Curtis.

CANUTE THE GREAT. By D.M. Larson

CAVOUR. By Pietro Orsi.

DEMOSTHENES. By A.W. Pickard-Cambridge.

The Story of the Nations

In the story form the current of each National life is distinctly
indicated, and its picturesque and noteworthy periods and episodes are
presented for the reader in their philosophical relation to each other
as well as to universal history.

It is the plan of the writers of the different volumes to enter into the
real life of the peoples, and to bring them before the reader as they
actually lived, labored, and struggled--as they studied and wrote, and
as they amused themselves. In carrying out this plan, the myths, with
which the history of all lands begins, will not be overlooked, though
these will be carefully distinguished from the actual history, so far as
the labors of the accepted historical authorities have resulted in
definite conclusions.

The subjects of the different volumes have been planned to cover
connecting and, as far as possible, consecutive epochs or periods, so
that the set when completed will present in a comprehensive narrative
the chief events in the great STORY OF THE NATIONS; but it is, of
course, not always practicable to issue the several volumes in their
chronological order.

_For list of volumes see next page_.

THE STORY OF THE NATIONS

* * * * *

GREECE. Prof. Jas. A. Harrison.

ROME. Arthur Gilman.

THE JEWS. Prof. James K. Hosmer.

CHALDEA. Z.A. Ragozin.

GERMANY. S. Baring-Gould.

NORWAY. Hjalmar H. Boyesen.

SPAIN. Rev. E.E. and Susan Hale.

HUNGARY. Prof. A. Vambery.

CARTHAGE. Prof. Alfred J. Church.

THE SARACENS. Arthur Gilman.

THE MOORS IN SPAIN. Stanley Lane-Poole.

THE NORMANS. Sarah Orne Jewett.

PERSIA. S.G.W. Benjamin.

ANCIENT EGYPT. Prof. Geo. Rawlinson.

ALEXANDER'S EMPIRE. Prof. J.P. Mahafly.

ASSYRIA. Z.A. Ragozin.

THE GOTHS. Henry Bradley.

IRELAND. Hon. Emily Lawless.

TURKEY. Stanley Lane-Poole.

MEDIA, BABYLON, AND PERSIA. Z.A. Ragozin.

MEDIEVAL FRANCE. Prof. Gustave Masson.

HOLLAND. Prof. J. Thorold Rogers.

MEXICO. Susan Hale.

PHOENICIA. George Rawlinson.

THE HANSA TOWNS. Helen Zimmern.

EARLY BRITAIN. Prof. Alfred J. Church.

THE BARBARY CORSAIRS. Stanley Lane-Poole.

RUSSIA. W.R. Morfill.

THE JEWS UNDER ROME. W.D. Morrison.

SCOTLAND. John Mackintosh.

SWITZERLAND. R. Stead and Mrs. A. Hug.

PORTUGAL. H. Morse-Stephens.

THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE. C.W.C. Oman.

SICILY. E.A. Freeman.

THE TUSCAN REPUBLICS. Bella Duffy.

POLAND. W.R. Morfill.

PARTHIA. Geo. Rawlinson.

JAPAN. David Murray.

THE CHRISTIAN RECOVERY OF SPAIN. H.E. Watts.

AUSTRALASIA. Greville Treganthen.

SOUTHERN AFRICA. Geo. M. Theal.

VENICE. Alethea Wiel.

THE CRUSADES. T.S. Archer and C.L. Kingsford.

VEDIC INDIA. Z.A. Ragozin.

BOHEMIA. C.E. Maurice.

CANADA. J.G. Bourinot.

THE BALKAN STATES. William Miller.

BRITISH RULE IN INDIA. R.W. Frazer.

MODERN FRANCE. Andre Le Bon.

THE BRITISH EMPIRE. Alfred T. Story. Two vols.

THE FRANKS. Lewis Sergeant.

THE WEST INDIES. Amos K. Fiske.

THE PEOPLE OF ENGLAND. Justin McCarthy, M.P. Two vols.

AUSTRIA. Sidney Whitman.

CHINA. Robt. K. Douglass.

MODERN SPAIN. Major Martin A.S. Hume.

MODERN ITALY. Pietro Orsi.

THE THIRTEEN COLONIES. Helen A. Smith. Two vols.

WALES AND CORNWALL. Owne M. Edwards.

MEDIAEVAL ROME. Wm. Miller.

THE PAPAL MONARCHY. Wm. Barry.

MEDIAEVAL INDIA. Stanley Lane-Poole.

BUDDHIST INDIA. T.W. Rhys-Davids.

THE SOUTH AMERICAN REPUBLICS. Thomas C. Dawson. Two vols.

PARLIAMENTARY ENGLAND. Edward Jenks.

MEDIAEVAL ENGLAND. Mary Bateson.

THE UNITED STATES. Edward Earle Sparks. Two vols.

ENGLAND: THE COMING OF PARLIAMENT. L. Cecil Jane.

GREECE TO A.D. 14. E.S. Shuckburgh.

ROMAN EMPIRE. Stuart Jones.

SWEDEN AND DENMARK, with FINLAND AND ICELAND. Jon Stefansson.

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