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Beowulf by James A. Harrison and Robert Sharp, eds.

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fÊr-gripe flÙdes: f˝r-leÛht geseah,
bl‚cne leÛman beorhte scÓnan.
Ongeat ˛‚ se gÙda grund-wyrgenne,
1520 mere-wÓf mihtig; m‰gen-rÊs forgeaf
hilde-bille, hond swenge ne ofte·h,
˛‰t hire on hafelan hring-mÊl ‚gÙl
grÊdig g˚-leÛ. fi‚ se gist onfand,
˛‰t se beado-leÛma bÓtan nolde,
1525 aldre scean, ac seÛ ecg gesw‚c
˛eÛdne ‰t ˛earfe: ˛olode Êr fela
hond-gemÙta, helm oft gesc‰r,
fÊges fyrd-hr‰gl: ˛‰t w‰s forma sÓ
deÛrum m‚me, ˛‰t his dÙm ‚l‰g.
1530 Eft w‰s ‚n-rÊd, nalas elnes l‰t,
mÊra gemyndig mÊg Hygel‚ces;
wearp ˛‚ wunden-mÊl wr‰ttum gebunden
yrre oretta, ˛‰t hit on eoran l‰g,
stÓ and st˝l-ecg; strenge getr˚wode,
1535 mund-gripe m‰genes. Sw‚ sceal man dÙn,
˛onne he ‰t g˚e geg‚n ˛ence
longsumne lof, n‚ ymb his lÓf ceara.
GefÍng ˛‚ be eaxle (nalas for fÊhe mearn)
G˚-Ge·ta leÛd Grendles mÙdor;
1540 br‰gd ˛‚ beadwe heard, ˛‚ he gebolgen w‰s,
feorh-genÓlan, ˛‰t heÛ on flet gebe·h.
HeÛ him eft hrae and-le·n forgeald
grimman gr‚pum and him tÙge·nes fÍng;
oferwearp ˛‚ wÍrig-mÙd wÓgena strengest,
1545 fÍe-cempa, ˛‰t he on fylle wear.
Ofs‰t ˛‚ ˛one sele-gyst and hyre seaxe gete·h,
br‚d and br˚n-ecg wolde hire bearn wrecan,
‚ngan eaferan. Him on eaxle l‰g
breÛst-net broden; ˛‰t gebearh feore,
1550 wi ord and wi ecge ingang forstÙd.
H‰fde ˛‚ forsÓod sunu Ecg˛eÛwes
under gynne grund, Ge·ta cempa,
nemne him heao-byrne helpe gefremede,
here-net hearde, and h‚lig god
1555 geweÛld wÓg-sigor, witig drihten;
rodera rÊdend hit on ryht gescÍd,
˝elÓce syan he eft ‚stÙd.

XXIV. BE”WULF SLAYS THE SPRITE.

Geseah ˛‚ on searwum sige-e·dig bil,
eald sweord eotenisc ecgum ˛yhtig,
1560 wÓgena weor-mynd: ˛‰t w‰s wÊpna cyst,
b˚ton hit w‰s m‚re ˛onne Ênig mon Ùer
tÙ beadu-l‚ce ‰tberan meahte
gÙd and geatolÓc giganta geweorc.
He gefÍng ˛‚ fetel-hilt, freca Scildinga,
1565 hreÛh and heoro-grim hring-mÊl gebr‰gd,
aldres orwÍna, yrringa slÙh,
˛‰t hire wi halse heard gr‚pode,
b‚n-hringas br‰c, bil eal ˛urh-wÙd
fÊgne flÊsc-homan, heÛ on flet gecrong;
1570 sweord w‰s sw‚tig, secg weorce gefeh.
Lixte se leÛma, leÛht inne stÙd,
efne sw‚ of hefene h‚dre scÓne
rodores candel. He ‰fter recede wl‚t,
hwearf ˛‚ be wealle, wÊpen hafenade
1575 heard be hiltum Higel‚ces ˛egn,
yrre and ‚n-rÊd. N‰s seÛ ecg fracod
hilde-rince, ac he hrae wolde
Grendle forgyldan g˚-rÊsa fela
˛‚ra ˛e he geworhte tÙ West-Denum
1580 oftor micle ˛onne on Ênne sÓ,
˛onne he HrÙg‚res heor-gene·tas
slÙh on sweofote, slÊpende fr‰t
folces Denigea f˝f-tyne men
and Ùer swylc ˚t of-ferede,
1585 l‚lÓcu l‚c. He him ˛‰s le·n forgeald,
rÍe cempa, tÙ ˛‰s ˛e he on r‰ste geseah
g˚-wÍrigne Grendel licgan,
aldor-le·sne, sw‚ him Êr gescÙd
hild ‰t Heorote; hr‚ wÓde sprong,
1590 syan he ‰fter de·e drepe ˛rowade,
heoro-sweng heardne, and hine ˛‚ he·fde becearf,
SÙna ˛‰t ges‚won snottre ceorlas,
˛‚ ˛e mid HrÙg‚re on holm wliton,
˛‰t w‰s ˝-geblond eal gemenged,
1595 brim blÙde f‚h: blonden-feaxe
gomele ymb gÙdne ongeador sprÊcon,
˛‰t hig ˛‰s ‰elinges eft ne wÍndon,
˛‰t he sige-hrÍig sÍcean cÙme
mÊrne ˛eÛden; ˛‚ ˛‰s monige gewear,
1600 ˛‰t hine seÛ brim-wylf ‚broten h‰fde.
fi‚ com nÙn d‰ges. N‰s ofge‚fon
hwate Scyldingas; gew‚t him h‚m ˛onon
gold-wine gumena. Gistas sÍtan,
mÙdes seÛce, and on mere staredon,
1605 wiston and ne wÍndon, ˛‰t hie heora wine-drihten
selfne ges‚won. fi‚ ˛‰t sweord ongan
‰fter heao-sw‚te hilde-gicelum
wÓg-bil wanian; ˛‰t w‰s wundra sum,
˛‰t hit eal gemealt Óse gelÓcost,
1610 ˛onne forstes bend f‰der onlÊte,
onwinde w‰l-r‚pas, se ˛e geweald hafa
sÊla and mÊla; ˛‰t is sÙ metod.
Ne nom he in ˛Êm wÓcum, Weder-Ge·ta leÛd,
m‚m-Êhta m‚, ˛Íh he ˛Êr monige geseah,
1615 b˚ton ˛one hafelan and ˛‚ hilt somod,
since f‚ge; sweord Êr gemealt,
forbarn broden mÊl: w‰s ˛‰t blÙd tÙ ˛‰s h‚t,
Êttren ellor-gÊst, se ˛Êr inne swealt.
SÙna w‰s on sunde, se ˛e Êr ‰t s‰cce geb‚d
1620 wÓg-hryre wr‚ra, w‰ter up ˛urh-de·f;
wÊron ˝-gebland eal gefÊlsod,
e·cne eardas, ˛‚ se ellor-g‚st
oflÍt lÓf-dagas and ˛‚s lÊnan gesceaft.
Com ˛‚ tÙ lande lid-manna helm
1625 swÓ-mÙd swymman, sÊ-l‚ce gefeah,
m‰gen-byrenne ˛‚ra ˛e he him mid h‰fde.
Eodon him ˛‚ tÙge·nes, gode ˛ancodon,
˛rylÓc ˛egna he·p, ˛eÛdnes gefÍgon,
˛‰s ˛e hi hyne gesundne geseÛn mÙston.
1630 fi‚ w‰s of ˛‰m hrÙran helm and byrne
lungre ‚l˝sed: lagu drusade,
w‰ter under wolcnum, w‰l-dreÛre f‚g.
FÍrdon for ˛onon fÍe-l‚stum
ferhum f‰gne, fold-weg mÊton,
1635 c˚e strÊte; cyning-balde men
from ˛‰m holm-clife hafelan bÊron
earfolÓce heora Êghw‰rum
fela-mÙdigra: feÛwer scoldon
on ‰m w‰l-stenge weorcum geferian
1640 tÙ ˛‰m gold-sele Grendles he·fod,
Ù ˛‰t semninga tÙ sele cÙmon
frome fyrd-hwate feÛwer-tyne
Ge·ta gongan; gum-dryhten mid
mÙdig on gemonge meodo-wongas tr‰d.
1645 fi‚ com in g‚n ealdor ˛egna,
dÊd-cÍne mon dÙme gewurad,
h‰le hilde-deÛr. HrÙg‚r grÍtan:
fi‚ w‰s be feaxe on flet boren
Grendles he·fod, ˛Êr guman druncon,
1650 egeslÓc for eorlum and ˛Êre idese mid:
wlite-seÛn wr‰tlÓc weras ons‚won.

XXV. HROTHGAR'S GRATITUDE: HE DISCOURSES.

BeÛwulf maelode, bearn Ecg˛eÛwes:
"Hw‰t! we ˛e ˛‚s sÊ-l‚c, sunu Healfdenes,
"leÛd Scyldinga, lustum brÙhton,
1655 "tÓres tÙ t‚cne, ˛e ˛u her tÙ lÙcast.
"Ic ˛‰t unsÙfte ealdre gedÓgde:
"wÓge under w‰tere weorc genÍde
"earfolÓce, ‰t-rihte w‰s
"g˚ getwÊfed, nyme mec god scylde.
1660 "Ne meahte ic ‰t hilde mid Hruntinge
"wiht gewyrcan, ˛e·h ˛‰t wÊpen duge,
"ac me ge˚e ylda waldend,
"˛‰t ic on wage geseah wlitig hangian
"eald sweord e·cen (oftost wÓsode
1665 "winigea le·sum) ˛‰t ic ˛˝ wÊpne gebr‰d.
"OfslÙh ˛‚ ‰t ˛Êre s‰cce (˛‚ me sÊl ‚geald)
"h˚ses hyrdas. fi‚ ˛‰t hilde-bil
"forbarn, brogden mÊl, sw‚ ˛‰t blÙd gesprang,
"h‚tost heao-sw‚ta: ic ˛‰t hilt ˛anan
1670 "feÛndum ‰tferede; fyren-dÊda wr‰c,
"de·-cwealm Denigea, sw‚ hit gedÍfe w‰s.
"Ic hit ˛e ˛onne geh‚te, ˛‰t ˛u on Heorote mÙst
"sorh-le·s swefan mid ˛Ónra secga gedryht,
"and ˛egna gehwylc ˛Ónra leÛda,
1675 "dugue and iogoe, ˛‰t ˛u him ondrÊdan ne ˛earft,
"˛eÛden Scyldinga, on ˛‚ healfe,
"aldor-bealu eorlum, sw‚ ˛u Êr dydest."
fi‚ w‰s gylden hilt gamelum rince.
h‚rum hild-fruman, on hand gyfen,
1680 enta Êr-geweorc, hit on Êht gehwearf
‰fter deÛfla hryre Denigea fre·n,
wundor-smia geweorc, and ˛‚ ˛‚s worold ofgeaf
grom-heort guma, godes andsaca,
morres scyldig, and his mÙdor e·c;
1685 on geweald gehwearf worold-cyninga
˛‰m sÍlestan be sÊm tweÛnum
˛‚ra ˛e on Sceden-igge sceattas dÊlde.
HrÙg‚r maelode, hylt sce·wode,
ealde l‚fe, on ˛‰m w‰s Ùr writen
1690 fyrn-gewinnes: syan flÙd ofslÙh,
gifen geÛtende, giganta cyn,
frÍcne gefÍrdon: ˛‰t w‰s fremde ˛eÛd
Ícean dryhtne, him ˛‰s ende-le·n
˛urh w‰teres wylm waldend sealde.
1695 Sw‚ w‰s on ˛Êm scennum scÓran goldes
˛urh r˚n-stafas rihte gemearcod,
geseted and gesÊd, hw‚m ˛‰t sweord geworht,
Órena cyst Êrest wÊre,
wreoen-hilt and wyrm-f‚h. fi‚ se wÓsa spr‰c
1700 sunu Healfdenes (swÓgedon ealle):
"fi‰t l‚ m‰g secgan, se ˛e sÙ and riht
"freme on folce, (feor eal gemon
"eald Íel-weard), ˛‰t ˛es eorl wÊre
"geboren betera! BlÊd is ‚rÊred
1705 "geond wÓd-wegas, wine mÓn BeÛwulf,
"˛Ón ofer ˛eÛda gehwylce. Eal ˛u hit ge˛yldum healdest,
"m‰gen mid mÙdes snyttrum. Ic ˛e sceal mÓne gelÊstan
"freÛde, sw‚ wit furum sprÊcon; ˛u scealt tÙ frÙfre weoran
"eal lang-twidig leÛdum ˛Ónum,
1710 "h‰leum tÙ helpe. Ne wear HeremÙd sw‚
"eaforum Ecgwelan, ¬r-Scyldingum;
"ne geweÙx he him tÙ willan, ac tÙ w‰l-fealle
"and tÙ de·-cwalum Deniga leÛdum;
"bre·t bolgen-mÙd beÛd-gene·tas,
1715 "eaxl-gesteallan, Ù ˛‰t he ‚na hwearf,
"mÊre ˛eÛden. mon-dre·mum from:
"˛e·h ˛e hine mihtig god m‰genes wynnum,
"eafeum stÍpte, ofer ealle men
"for gefremede, hw‰ere him on ferhe greÛw
1720 "breÛst-hord blÙd-reÛw: nallas be·gas geaf
"Denum ‰fter dÙme; dre·m-le·s geb‚d,
"˛‰t he ˛‰s gewinnes weorc ˛rowade,
"leÛd-bealo longsum. fiu ˛e lÊr be ˛on,
"gum-cyste ongit! ic ˛is gid be ˛e
1725 "‚wr‰c wintrum frÙd. Wundor is tÙ secganne,
"h˚ mihtig god manna cynne
"˛urh sÓdne sefan snyttru brytta,
"eard and eorl-scipe, he ‚h ealra geweald.
"HwÓlum he on lufan lÊte hworfan
1730 "monnes mÙd-ge˛onc mÊran cynnes,
"sele him on Íle eoran wynne,
"tÙ healdanne hleÛ-burh wera,
"gedÍ him sw‚ gewealdene worolde dÊlas,
"sÓde rÓce, ˛‰t he his selfa ne m‰g
1735 "for his un-snyttrum ende ge˛encean;
"wuna he on wiste, nÙ hine wiht dwele,
"‚dl ne yldo, ne him inwit-sorh
"on sefan sweorce, ne gesacu ÙhwÊr,
"ecg-hete eÛwe, ac him eal worold
1740 "wende on willan; he ˛‰t wyrse ne con,
"Ù ˛‰t him on innan ofer-hygda dÊl
"weaxe and wrida, ˛onne se weard swefe,
"s‚wele hyrde: bi se slÊp tÙ f‰st,
"bisgum gebunden, bona swÓe ne·h,
1745 "se ˛e of fl‚n-bogan fyrenum sceÛte.

XXVI. THE DISCOURSE IS ENDED.--BE”WULF PREPARES TO LEAVE.

"fionne bi on hrere under helm drepen
"biteran strÊle: him bebeorgan ne con
"wom wundor-bebodum wergan g‚stes;
"˛ince him tÙ lytel, ˛‰t he tÙ lange heÛld,
1750 "g˝tsa grom-hydig, nallas on gylp sele
"f‰tte be·gas and he ˛‚ for-gesceaft
"forgyte and forg˝me, ˛‰s ˛e him Êr god sealde
"wuldres waldend, weor-mynda dÊl.
"Hit on ende-st‰f eft gelimpe,
1755 "˛‰t se lÓc-homa lÊne gedreÛse,
"fÊge gefealle; fÍh Ùer tÙ,
"se ˛e unmurnlÓce m‚dmas dÊle,
"eorles Êr-gestreÛn, egesan ne g˝me.
"Bebeorh ˛e ˛one bealo-nÓ, BeÛwulf leÛfa,
1760 "secg se betsta, and ˛e ˛‰t sÍlre geceÛs,
"Íce rÊdas; oferhyda ne g˝m,
"mÊre cempa! Nu is ˛Ónes m‰gnes blÊd
"‚ne hwÓle; eft sÙna bi,
"˛‰t ˛ec ‚dl oe ecg eafoes getwÊfe,
1765 "oe f˝res feng oe flÙdes wylm,
"oe gripe mÍces oe g‚res fliht,
"oe atol yldo, oe e·gena bearhtm
"forsite and forsworce; semninga bi,
"˛‰t ˛ec, dryht-guma, de· ofersw˝e.
1770 "Sw‚ ic Hring-Dena hund missera
"weÛld under wolcnum, and hig wÓge bele·c
"manigum mÊga geond ˛ysne middan-geard,
"‰scum and ecgum, ˛‰t ic me Ênigne
"under swegles begong gesacan ne tealde.
1775 "Hw‰t! me ˛‰s on Íle edwenden cwom,
"gyrn ‰fter gomene, seoan Grendel wear,
"eald-gewinna, in-genga mÓn:
"ic ˛Êre sÙcne singales w‰g
"mÙd-ceare micle. fi‰s sig metode ˛anc,
1780 "Ícean drihtne, ˛‰s ˛e ic on aldre geb‚d,
"˛‰t ic on ˛one hafelan heoro-dreÛrigne
"ofer eald gewin e·gum starige!
"G‚ nu tÙ setle, symbel-wynne dreÛh
"wÓgge weorad: unc sceal worn fela
1785 "m‚ma gemÊnra, sian morgen bi."
Ge·t w‰s gl‰d-mÙd, geÛng sÙna tÙ,
setles neÛsan, sw‚ se snottra hÍht.
fi‚ w‰s eft sw‚ Êr ellen-rÙfum,
flet-sittendum f‰gere gereorded
1790 niÛwan stefne. Niht-helm geswearc
deorc ofer dryht-gumum. Dugu eal ‚r‚s;
wolde blonden-feax beddes neÛsan,
gamela Scylding. Ge·t ungemetes wel,
rÙfne rand-wÓgan restan lyste:
1795 sÙna him sele-˛egn sÓes wÍrgum,
feorran-cundum for wÓsade,
se for andrysnum ealle beweotede
˛egnes ˛earfe, swylce ˛˝ dÙgore
he·o-lÓende habban scoldon.
1800 Reste hine ˛‚ r˚m-heort; reced hlifade
ge·p and gold-f‚h, g‰st inne sw‰f,
Ù ˛‰t hrefn blaca heofones wynne
blÓ-heort bodode. fi‚ com beorht sunne
scacan ofer grundas; scaan onetton,
1805 wÊron ‰elingas eft tÙ leÛdum
f˚se tÙ farenne, wolde feor ˛anon
cuma collen-ferh ceÛles neÛsan.
HÍht ˛‚ se hearda Hrunting beran,
sunu Ecgl‚fes, hÍht his sweord niman,
1810 leÛflÓc Óren; s‰gde him ˛‰s le·nes ˛anc,
cw‰ he ˛one g˚-wine gÙdne tealde,
wÓg-cr‰ftigne, nales wordum lÙg
mÍces ecge: ˛‰t w‰s mÙdig secg.
And ˛‚ sÓ-frome searwum gearwe
1815 wÓgend wÊron, eode weor Denum
‰eling tÙ yppan, ˛Êr se Ùer w‰s
h‰le hilde-deÛr, HrÙg‚r grÍtte.

XXVII. THE PARTING WORDS.

BeÛwulf maelode, bearn Ecg˛eÛwes:
"Nu we sÊ-lÓend secgan wylla
1820 "feorran cumene, ˛‰t we fundia
"Higel‚c sÍcan. WÊron her tela
"willum bewenede; ˛u ˚s wel dohtest.
"Gif ic ˛onne on eoran Ùwihte m‰g
"˛Ónre mÙd-lufan m‚ran tilian,
1825 "gumena dryhten, ˛onne ic gyt dyde,
"g˚-geweorca ic beÛ gearo sÙna.
"Gif ic ˛‰t gefricge ofer flÙda begang,
"˛‰t ˛ec ymbe-sittend egesan ˛˝wa,
"sw‚ ˛ec hetende hwÓlum dydon,
1830 "ic ˛e ˛˚senda ˛egna bringe,
"h‰lea tÙ helpe. Ic on Higel‚ce w‚t,
"Ge·ta dryhten, ˛e·h ˛e he geong s˝,
"folces hyrde, ˛‰t he mec fremman wile
"wordum and worcum, ˛‰t ic ˛e wel herige,
1835 "and ˛e tÙ geÛce g‚r-holt bere
"m‰genes fultum, ˛Êr ˛e bi manna ˛earf;
"gif him ˛onne HrÍrÓc tÙ hofum Ge·ta
"ge˛inge, ˛eÛdnes bearn, he m‰g ˛Êr fela
"freÛnda findan: feor-c˝e beÛ
1840 "sÍlran gesÙhte ˛‰m ˛e him selfa de·h."
HrÙg‚r maelode him on andsware:
"fie ˛‚ word-cwydas wittig drihten
"on sefan sende! ne h˝rde ic snotorlÓcor
"on sw‚ geongum feore guman ˛ingian:
1845 "˛u eart m‰genes strang and on mÙde frÙd,
"wÓs word-cwida. WÍn ic talige,
"gif ˛‰t gegange, ˛‰t ˛e g‚r nyme,
"hild heoru-grimme HrÍles eaferan,
"‚dl oe Óren ealdor ˛Ónne,
1850 "folces hyrde, and ˛u ˛Ón feorh hafast,
"˛‰t ˛e SÊ-Ge·tas sÍlran n‰bben
"tÙ geceÛsenne cyning Ênigne,
"hord-weard h‰lea, gif ˛u healdan wylt
"m‚ga rÓce. Me ˛Ón mÙd-sefa
1855 "lÓca leng sw‚ wel, leÛfa BeÛwulf:
"hafast ˛u gefÍred, ˛‰t ˛‚m folcum sceal,
"Ge·ta leÛdum and G‚r-Denum
"sib gemÊnum and sacu restan,
"inwit-nÓas, ˛e hie Êr drugon;
1860 "wesan, ˛enden ic wealde wÓdan rÓces,
"m‚mas gemÊne, manig Ùerne
"gÙdum gegrÍtan ofer ganotes b‰;
"sceal hring-naca ofer he·u bringan
"l‚c and luf-t‚cen. Ic ˛‚ leÛde w‚t
1865 "ge wi feÛnd ge wi freÛnd f‰ste geworhte
"Êghw‰s untÊle ealde wÓsan."
fi‚ git him eorla hleÛ inne gesealde,
mago Healfdenes m‚mas twelfe,
hÍt hine mid ˛Êm l‚cum leÛde swÊse
1870 sÍcean on gesyntum, sn˚de eft cuman.
Gecyste ˛‚ cyning ‰elum gÙd,
˛eÛden Scildinga, ˛egen betstan
and be healse genam; hruron him te·ras,
blonden-feaxum: him w‰s bega wÍn,
1875 ealdum infrÙdum, Ùres swÓor,
˛‰t hÓ seoan geseÛn mÙston
mÙdige on mele. W‰s him se man tÙ ˛on leÛf,
˛‰t he ˛one breÛst-wylm forberan ne mehte,
ac him on hrere hyge-bendum f‰st
1880 ‰fter deÛrum men dyrne langa
beorn wi blÙde. Him BeÛwulf ˛anan,
g˚-rinc gold-wlanc gr‰s-moldan tr‰d,
since hrÍmig: sÊ-genga b‚d
‚gend-fre·n, se ˛e on ancre r‚d.
1885 fi‚ w‰s on gange gifu HrÙg‚res
oft geÊhted: ˛‰t w‰s ‚n cyning
Êghw‰s orleahtre, Ù ˛‰t hine yldo benam
m‰genes wynnum, se ˛e oft manegum scÙd.

XXVIII. BE”WULF RETURNS TO GEATLAND.--THE QUEENS HYGD AND THRYTHO.

Cwom ˛‚ tÙ flÙde fela-mÙdigra
1890 h‰g-stealdra he·p; hring-net bÊron,
locene leoo-syrcan. Land-weard onfand
eft-sÓ eorla, sw‚ he Êr dyde;
nÙ he mid hearme of hlies nosan
g‰stas grÍtte, ac him tÙge·nes r‚d;
1895 cw‰ ˛‰t wilcuman Wedera leÛdum
scawan scÓr-hame tÙ scipe fÙron.
fi‚ w‰s on sande sÊ-ge·p naca
hladen here-wÊdum, hringed-stefna
mearum and m‚mum: m‰st hlifade
1900 ofer HrÙg‚res hord-gestreÛnum.
He ˛‰m b‚t-wearde bunden golde
swurd gesealde, ˛‰t he syan w‰s
on meodu-bence m‚me ˛˝ weorra,
yrfe-l‚fe. Gew‚t him on ˝-nacan,
1905 drÍfan deÛp w‰ter, Dena land ofgeaf.
fi‚ w‰s be m‰ste mere-hr‰gla sum,
segl s‚le f‰st. Sund-wudu ˛unede,
nÙ ˛Êr wÍg-flotan wind ofer ˝um
sÓes getwÊfde; sÊ-genga fÙr,
1910 fle·t f‚mig-heals for ofer ˝e,
bunden-stefna ofer brim-stre·mas,
˛‰t hie Ge·ta clifu ongitan meahton,
c˚e n‰ssas. CeÛl up ge˛rang,
lyft-geswenced on lande stÙd.
1915 Hrae w‰s ‰t holme h˝-weard gearo,
se ˛e Êr lange tÓd, leÛfra manna
f˚s, ‰t faroe feor wl‚tode;
sÊlde tÙ sande sÓd-f‰me scip
oncer-bendum f‰st, ˛˝ l‰s hym ˝a ˛rym
1920 wudu wynsuman forwrecan meahte.
HÍt ˛‚ up beran ‰elinga gestreÛn,
fr‰twe and f‰t-gold; n‰s him feor ˛anon
tÙ gesÍcanne sinces bryttan:
Higel‚c HrÍling ˛Êr ‰t h‚m wuna,
1925 selfa mid gesÓum sÊ-wealle ne·h;
bold w‰s betlÓc, brego-rÙf cyning,
he· on healle, Hygd swÓe geong,
wÓs, wel-˛ungen, ˛e·h ˛e wintra lyt
under burh-locan gebiden h‰bbe
1930 H‰rees dÙhtor: n‰s hiÛ hn‚h sw‚ ˛e·h,
ne tÙ gne· gifa Ge·ta leÛdum,
m‚m-gestreÛna. Mod firyo w‰g,
fremu folces cwÍn, firen ondrysne:
nÊnig ˛‰t dorste deÛr genÍan
1935 swÊsra gesÓa, nefne sin-fre·,
˛‰t hire an d‰ges e·gum starede;
ac him w‰l-bende weotode tealde,
hand-gewriene: hrae seoan w‰s
‰fter mund-gripe mÍce ge˛inged,
1940 ˛‰t hit sceaen-mÊl scyran mÙste,
cwealm-bealu c˝an. Ne bi swylc cwÍnlÓc ˛e·w
idese tÙ efnanne, ˛e·h ˛e hiÛ ÊnlÓcu s˝,
˛‰tte freou-webbe feores ons‰ce
‰fter lÓge-torne leÛfne mannan.
1945 H˚ru ˛‰t onhÙhsnode Heminges mÊg;
ealo drincende Ùer sÊdan,
˛‰t hiÛ leÛd-bealewa l‰s gefremede,
inwit-nÓa, syan Êrest wear
gyfen gold-hroden geongum cempan,
1950 ‰elum diÛre, syan hiÛ Offan flet
ofer fealone flÙd be f‰der l‚re
sÓe gesÙhte, ˛Êr hiÛ syan wel
in gum-stÙle, gÙde mÊre,
lÓf-gesceafta lifigende bre·c,
1955 hiÛld he·h-lufan wi h‰lea brego,
ealles mon-cynnes mÓne gefrÊge
˛one sÍlestan bÓ sÊm tweÛnum
eormen-cynnes; for˛am Offa w‰s
geofum and g˚um g‚r-cÍne man,
1960 wÓde geweorod; wÓsdÙme heÛld
Íel sÓnne, ˛onon EÛmÊr wÙc
h‰leum tÙ helpe, Heminges mÊg,
nefa G‚rmundes, nÓa cr‰ftig.

XXIX. HIS ARRIVAL. HYGELAC'S RECEPTION.

Gew‚t him ˛‚ se hearda mid his hond-scole
1965 sylf ‰fter sande sÊ-wong tredan,
wÓde waroas. Woruld-candel sc‚n,
sigel s˚an f˚s: hÓ sÓ drugon,
elne geeodon, tÙ ˛‰s ˛e eorla hleÛ,
bonan Ongen˛eÛwes burgum on innan,
1970 geongne g˚-cyning gÙdne gefrunon
hringas dÊlan. Higel‚ce w‰s
sÓ BeÛwulfes sn˚de gec˝ed,
˛‰t ˛Êr on worig wÓgendra hleÛ,
lind-gestealla lifigende cwom,
1975 heao-l‚ces h‚l tÙ hofe gongan.
Hrae w‰s ger˝med, sw‚ se rÓca bebe·d,
fÍe-gestum flet innan-weard.
Ges‰t ˛‚ wi sylfne, se ˛‚ s‰cce gen‰s,
mÊg wi mÊge, syan man-dryhten
1980 ˛urh hleÛor-cwyde holdne gegrÍtte
meaglum wordum. Meodu-scencum
hwearf geond ˛‰t reced H‰rees dÙhtor:
lufode ˛‚ leÛde, lÓ-wÊge b‰r
hÊlum tÙ handa. Higel‚c ongan
1985 sÓnne geseldan in sele ˛am he·n
f‰gre fricgean, hyne fyrwet br‰c,
hwylce SÊ-Ge·ta sÓas wÊron:
"H˚ lomp eÛw on l‚de, leÛfa BiÛwulf,
"˛‚ ˛u fÊringa feorr gehogodest,
1990 "s‰cce sÍcean ofer sealt w‰ter,
"hilde tÙ Hiorote? Ac ˛u HrÙg‚re
"wÓd-c˚ne we·n wihte gebÍttest,
"mÊrum ˛eÛdne? Ic ˛‰s mÙd-ceare
"sorh-wylmum se·, sÓe ne tr˚wode
1995 "leÛfes mannes; ic ˛e lange b‰d,
"˛‰t ˛u ˛one w‰l-gÊst wihte ne grÍtte,
"lÍte S˚-Dene sylfe geweoran
"g˚e wi Grendel. Gode ic ˛anc secge,
"˛‰s ˛e ic ˛e gesundne geseÛn mÙste."
2000 BiÛwulf maelode, bearn Ecg˛iÛwes:
"fi‰t is undyrne, dryhten Higel‚c,
"mÊre gemÍting monegum fira,
"hwylc orleg-hwÓl uncer Grendles
"wear on ˛am wange, ˛Êr he worna fela
2005 "Sige-Scildingum sorge gefremede,
"yrme tÙ aldre; ic ˛‰t eal gewr‰c,
"sw‚ ne gylpan ˛earf Grendeles m‚ga
"Ênig ofer eoran uht-hlem ˛one,
"se ˛e lengest leofa l‚an cynnes,
2010 "fenne bifongen. Ic ˛Êr furum cwom,
"tÙ ˛am hring-sele HrÙg‚r grÍtan:
"sÙna me se mÊra mago Healfdenes,
"syan he mÙd-sefan mÓnne c˚e,
"wi his sylfes sunu setl getÊhte.
2015 "Weorod w‰s on wynne; ne seah ic wÓdan feorh
"under heofenes hwealf heal-sittendra
"medu-dre·m m‚ran. HwÓlum mÊru cwÍn,
"friu-sibb folca flet eall geond-hwearf,
"bÊdde byre geonge; oft hiÛ be·h-wrian
2020 "secge sealde, Êr hiÛ tÙ setle geÛng.
"HwÓlum for dugue dÙhtor HrÙg‚res
"eorlum on ende ealu-wÊge b‰r,
"˛‚ ic Fre·ware flet-sittende
"nemnan h˝rde, ˛Êr hiÛ n‰gled sinc
2025 "h‰leum sealde: siÛ geh‚ten w‰s,
"geong gold-hroden, gladum suna FrÙdan;
"hafa ˛‰s geworden wine Scyldinga
"rÓces hyrde and ˛‰t rÊd tala,
"˛‰t he mid ˛˝ wÓfe w‰l-fÊha dÊl,
2030 "s‰cca gesette. Oft nÙ seldan hwÊr
"‰fter leÛd-hryre lytle hwÓle
"bon-g‚r b˚ge, ˛e·h seÛ br˝d duge!

XXX. BE”WULF'S STORY OF THE SLAYINGS.

"M‰g ˛‰s ˛onne of˛yncan ˛eÛden Heaobeardna
"and ˛egna gehw‚m ˛‚ra leÛda,
2035 "˛onne he mid fÊmnan on flett gÊ,
"dryht-bearn Dena dugua biwenede:
"on him gladia gomelra l‚fe
"heard and hring-mÊl, Heaobeardna gestreÛn,
"˛enden hie ˛‚m wÊpnum wealdan mÙston,
2040 "Ù ˛‰t hie forlÊddan tÙ ˛am lind-plegan
"swÊse gesÓas ond hyra sylfra feorh.
"fionne cwi ‰t beÛre, se ˛e be·h gesyh,
"eald ‰sc-wÓga, se ˛e eall geman
"g‚r-cwealm gumena (him bi grim sefa),
2045 "onginne geÙmor-mÙd geongne cempan
"˛urh hrera gehygd higes cunnian,
"wÓg-bealu weccean and ˛‰t word ‚cwy:
"'Meaht ˛u, mÓn wine, mÍce gecn‚wan,
"'˛one ˛in f‰der tÙ gefeohte b‰r
2050 "'under here-grÓman hindeman sÓe,
"'d˝re Óren, ˛Êr hyne Dene slÙgon,
"'weÛldon w‰l-stÙwe, syan wier-gyld l‰g,
"'‰fter h‰lea hryre, hwate Scyldungas?
"'Nu her ˛‚ra banena byre n‚t-hwylces,
2055 "'fr‰twum hrÍmig on flet gÊ,
"'morres gylpe and ˛one m‚um byre,
"'˛one ˛e ˛u mid rihte rÊdan sceoldest!'"
"Mana sw‚ and myndga mÊla gehwylce
"s‚rum wordum, Ù ˛‰t sÊl cyme,
2060 "˛‰t se fÊmnan ˛egn fore f‰der dÊdum
"‰fter billes bite blÙd-f‚g swefe,
"ealdres scyldig; him se Ùer ˛onan
"losa lifigende, con him land geare.
"fionne biÛ brocene on b‚ healfe
2065 "‚-sweord eorla; syan Ingelde
"wealla w‰l-nÓas and him wÓf-lufan
"‰fter cear-w‰lmum cÙlran weora.
"fi˝ ic Heaobeardna hyldo ne telge,
"dryht-sibbe dÊl Denum unfÊcne,
2070 "freÛnd-scipe f‰stne. Ic sceal for sprecan
"gen ymbe Grendel, ˛‰t ˛u geare cunne,
"sinces brytta, tÙ hwan syan wear
"hond-rÊs h‰lea. Syan heofones gim
"gl‚d ofer grundas, g‰st yrre cwom,
2075 "eatol Êfen-grom, ˚ser neÛsan,
"˛Êr we gesunde s‰l weardodon;
"˛Êr w‰s HondsciÛ hild onsÊge,
"feorh-bealu fÊgum, he fyrmest l‰g,
"gyrded cempa; him Grendel wear,
2080 "mÊrum magu-˛egne tÙ m˚-bonan,
"leÛfes mannes lÓc eall forswealg.
"NÙ ˛˝ Êr ˚t ˛‚ gen Ódel-hende
"bona blÙdig-tÙ bealewa gemyndig,
"of ˛am gold-sele gongan wolde,
2085 "ac he m‰gnes rÙf mÓn costode,
"gr‚pode gearo-folm. GlÙf hangode
"sÓd and syllÓc searo-bendum f‰st,
"siÛ w‰s or˛oncum eall gegyrwed
"deÛfles cr‰ftum and dracan fellum:
2090 "he mec ˛Êr on innan unsynnigne,
"diÛr dÊd-fruma, gedÙn wolde,
"manigra sumne: hyt ne mihte sw‚,
"syan ic on yrre upp-riht ‚stÙd.
"TÙ lang ys tÙ reccenne, h˚ ic ˛am leÛd-sceaan
2095 "yfla gehwylces ond-le·n forgeald;
"˛Êr ic, ˛eÛden mÓn, ˛Óne leÛde
"weorode weorcum. He on weg losade,
"lytle hwÓle lÓf-wynna bre·c;
"hw‰re him siÛ swÓre swae weardade
2100 "hand on Hiorte and he he·n ˛onan,
"mÙdes geÙmor mere-grund gefeÛll.
"Me ˛one w‰l-rÊs wine Scildunga
"f‰ttan golde fela le·node,
"manegum m‚mum, syan mergen com
2105 "and we tÙ symble geseten h‰fdon.
"fiÊr w‰s gidd and gleÛ; gomela Scilding
"fela fricgende feorran rehte;
"hwÓlum hilde-deÛr hearpan wynne,
"gomen-wudu grÍtte; hwÓlum gyd ‚wr‰c
2110 "sÙ and s‚rlÓc; hwÓlum syllÓc spell
"rehte ‰fter rihte r˚m-heort cyning.
"HwÓlum eft ongan eldo gebunden,
"gomel g˚-wÓga giogue cwÓan
"hilde-strengo; hreer inne weÛll,
2115 "˛onne he wintrum frÙd worn gemunde.
"Sw‚ we ˛Êr inne andlangne d‰g
"niÛde n‚man, Ù ˛‰t niht becwom
"Ùer tÙ yldum. fi‚ w‰s eft hrae
"gearo gyrn-wr‰ce Grendeles mÙdor,
2120 "sÓode sorh-full; sunu de· fornam,
"wÓg-hete Wedra. WÓf unh˝re
"hyre bearn gewr‰c, beorn ‚cwealde
"ellenlÓce; ˛Êr w‰s ƒsc-here,
"frÙdan fyrn-witan, feorh ˚genge;
2125 "nÙer hy hine ne mÙston, syan mergen cwom,
"de·-wÍrigne Denia leÛde
"bronde forb‰rnan, ne on bÊl hladan
"leÛfne mannan: hiÛ ˛‰t lÓc ‰tb‰r
"feÛndes f‰mum under firgen-stre·m.
2130 "fi‰t w‰s HrÙg‚re hreÛwa tornost
"˛‚ra ˛e leÛd-fruman lange bege‚te;
"˛‚ se ˛eÛden mec ˛Óne lÓfe
"healsode hreÛh-mÙd, ˛‰t ic on holma ge˛ring
"eorl-scipe efnde, ealdre genÍde,
2135 "mÊro fremede: he me mÍde gehÍt.
"Ic ˛‚ ˛‰s w‰lmes, ˛e is wÓde c˚,
"grimne gryrelÓcne grund-hyrde fond.
"fiÊr unc hwÓle w‰s hand gemÊne;
"holm heolfre weÛll and ic he·fde becearf
2140 "in ˛am grund-sele Grendeles mÙdor
"e·cnum ecgum, unsÙfte ˛onan
"feorh Ùferede; n‰s ic fÊge ˛‚ gyt,
"ac me eorla hleÛ eft gesealde
"m‚ma menigeo, maga Healfdenes.

XXXI. HE GIVES PRESENTS TO HYGELAC. HYGELAC REWARDS HIM. HYGELAC'S DEATH.
BE”WULF REIGNS.

2145 "Sw‚ se ˛eÛd-kyning ˛e·wum lyfde;
"nealles ic ˛‚m le·num forloren h‰fde,
"m‰gnes mÍde, ac he me m‚mas geaf,
"sunu Healfdenes, on sÓnne sylfes dÙm;
"˛‚ ic ˛e, beorn-cyning, bringan wylle,
2150 "Ístum ge˝wan. Gen is eall ‰t ˛e
"lissa gelong: ic lyt hafo
"he·fod-m‚ga, nefne Hygel‚c ˛ec!"
HÍt ˛‚ in beran eafor, he·fod-segn,
heao-ste·pne helm, h‚re byrnan,
2155 g˚-sweord geatolÓc, gyd ‰fter wr‰c:
"Me ˛is hilde-sceorp HrÙg‚r sealde,
"snotra fengel, sume worde hÍt,
"˛‰t ic his Êrest ˛e eft ges‰gde,
"cw‰ ˛‰t hyt h‰fde Hiorog‚r cyning,
2160 "leÛd Scyldunga lange hwÓle:
"nÙ ˛˝ Êr suna sÓnum syllan wolde,
"hwatum Heorowearde, ˛e·h he him hold wÊre,
"breÛst-gewÊdu. Br˚c ealles well!"
H˝rde ic ˛‰t ˛‚m fr‰twum feÛwer mearas
2165 lungre gelÓce l‚st weardode,
‰ppel-fealuwe; he him Íst gete·h
meara and m‚ma. Sw‚ sceal mÊg dÙn,
nealles inwit-net Ùrum bregdan,
dyrnum cr‰fte de· rÍnian
2170 hond-gesteallan. Hygel‚ce w‰s,
nÓa heardum, nefa sw˝e hold
and gehw‰er Ùrum hrÙra gemyndig.
H˝rde ic ˛‰t he ˛one heals-be·h Hygde gesealde,
wr‰tlÓcne wundur-m‚um, ˛one ˛e him Wealh˛eÛ geaf,
2175 ˛eÛdnes dÙhtor, ˛riÛ wicg somod
swancor and sadol-beorht; hyre syan w‰s
‰fter be·h-˛ege breÛst geweorod.
Sw‚ bealdode bearn Ecg˛eÛwes,
guma g˚um c˚, gÙdum dÊdum,
2180 dre·h ‰fter dÙme, nealles druncne slÙg
heor-gene·tas; n‰s him hreÛh sefa,
ac he man-cynnes mÊste cr‰fte
gin-f‰stan gife, ˛e him god sealde,
heÛld hilde-deÛr. He·n w‰s lange,
2185 sw‚ hyne Ge·ta bearn gÙdne ne tealdon,
ne hyne on medo-bence micles wyrne
drihten wereda gedÙn wolde;
sw˝e oft s‰gdon, ˛‰t he sleac wÊre,
‰eling unfrom: edwenden cwom
2190 tÓr-e·digum menn torna gehwylces.
HÍt ˛‚ eorla hleÛ in gefetian,
heao-rÙf cyning, HrÍles l‚fe,
golde gegyrede; n‰s mid Ge·tum ˛‚
sinc-m‚um sÍlra on sweordes h‚d;
2195 ˛‰t he on BiÛwulfes bearm ‚legde,
and him gesealde seofan ˛˚sendo,
bold and brego-stÙl. Him w‰s b‚m samod
on ˛am leÛd-scipe lond gecynde,
eard Íel-riht, Ùrum swÓor
2200 sÓde rÓce, ˛am ˛Êr sÍlra w‰s.
Eft ˛‰t geiode ufaran dÙgrum
hilde-hl‰mmum, syan Hygel‚c l‰g
and HeardrÍde hilde-mÍceas
under bord-hreÛan tÙ bonan wurdon,
2205 ˛‚ hyne gesÙhtan on sige-˛eÛde
hearde hilde-frecan, Heao-Scilfingas,
nÓa genÊgdan nefan HererÓces.
Syan BeÛwulfe br‚de rÓce
on hand gehwearf: he geheÛld tela
2210 fÓftig wintru (w‰s ˛‚ frÙd cyning,
eald Íel-weard), Ù ˛‰t ‚n ongan
deorcum nihtum draca rÓcsian,
se ˛e on he·re hÊe hord beweotode,
st‚n-beorh ste·pne: stÓg under l‰g,
2215 eldum unc˚. fiÊr on innan giÛng
nia n‚t-hwylces neÛde gefÍng
hÊnum horde hond . d . . ge˛ . . hwylc
since f‚hne, he ˛‰t syan . . . . .
. . . ˛ . . . l . ˛ . . l . g
2220 slÊpende be f˝re, fyrena hyrde
˛eÛfes cr‰fte, ˛‰t sie . . . . io . . . . .
. idh . folc-beorn, ˛‰t he gebolgen w‰s.

XXXII. THE FIRE-DRAKE. THE HOARD.

Nealles mid geweoldum wyrm-horda . . . cr‰ft
sÙhte sylfes willum, se ˛e him s‚re gesceÙd,
2225 ac for ˛re·-nÍdlan ˛eÛw n‚t-hwylces
h‰lea bearna hete-swengeas fle·h,
for ofer-˛earfe and ˛Êr inne fealh
secg syn-bysig. SÙna in ˛‚ tÓde
˛‰t . . . . . ˛am gyste . . . . br . g . stÙd,
2230 hw‰re earm-sceapen . . . . . . .
. .  . . . sceapen o . . . . i r . . e se fÊs begeat,
sinc-f‰t geseah: ˛Êr w‰s swylcra fela
in ˛am eor-scr‰fe Êr-gestreÛna,
sw‚ hy on ge‚r-dagum gumena n‚t-hwylc
2235 eormen-l‚fe ‰elan cynnes
˛anc-hycgende ˛Êr geh˝dde,
deÛre m‚mas. Ealle hie de· fornam
Êrran mÊlum, and se ‚n ˛‚ gen
leÛda dugue, se ˛Êr lengest hwearf,
2240 weard wine-geÙmor wÓscte ˛‰s yldan,
˛‰t he lytel f‰c long-gestreÛna
br˚can mÙste. Beorh eal gearo
wunode on wonge w‰ter-˝um ne·h,
niwe be n‰sse nearo-cr‰ftum f‰st:
2245 ˛Êr on innan b‰r eorl-gestreÛna
hringa hyrde hard-fyrdne dÊl
f‰ttan goldes, fe· worda cw‰:
"Heald ˛u nu, hruse, nu h‰le ne mÙston,
"eorla Êhte. Hw‰t! hit Êr on ˛e
2250 "gÙde bege‚ton; g˚-de· fornam,
"feorh-bealo frÍcne fyra gehwylcne,
"leÛda mÓnra, ˛‚ra ˛e ˛is lÓf ofgeaf,
"ges‚won sele-dre·m. N‚h hw‚ sweord wege
"oe fetige f‰ted wÊge,
2255 "drync-f‰t deÛre: dugu ellor scÙc.
"Sceal se hearda helm hyrsted golde
"f‰tum befeallen: feormiend swefa,
"˛‚ ˛e beado-grÓman b˝wan sceoldon,
"ge swylce seÛ here-p‚d, siÛ ‰t hilde geb‚d
2260 "ofer borda gebr‰c bite Órena,
"brosna ‰fter beorne. Ne m‰g byrnan hring
"‰fter wÓg-fruman wÓde fÍran
"h‰leum be healfe; n‰s hearpan wyn,
"gomen gleÛ-be·mes, ne gÙd hafoc
2265 "geond s‰l swinge, ne se swifta mearh
"burh-stede be·te. Bealo-cwealm hafa
"fela feorh-cynna feorr onsended!"
Sw‚ giÙmor-mÙd gioho mÊnde,
‚n ‰fter eallum unblÓe hweÛp,
2270 d‰ges and nihtes, Ù ˛‰t de·es wylm
hr‚n ‰t heortan. Hord-wynne fond
eald uht-sceaa opene standan,
se ˛e byrnende biorgas sÍce
nacod nÓ-draca, nihtes fleÛge
2275 f˝re befangen; hyne fold-b˚end
wÓde ges‚won. He gewunian sceall
hl‚w under hrusan, ˛Êr he hÊen gold
wara wintrum frÙd; ne by him wihte ˛Í sÍl.
Sw‚ se ˛eÛd-sceaa ˛reÛ hund wintra
2280 heÛld on hrusan hord-‰rna sum
e·cen-cr‰ftig, Ù ˛‰t hyne ‚n ‚bealh
mon on mÙde: man-dryhtne b‰r
f‰ted wÊge, frioo-wÊre b‰d
hl‚ford sÓnne. fi‚ w‰s hord r‚sod,
2285 onboren be·ga hord, bÍne getÓad
fe·-sceaftum men. Fre· sce·wode
fira fyrn-geweorc forman sÓe.
fi‚ se wyrm onwÙc, wrÙht w‰s geniwad;
stonc ˛‚ ‰fter st‚ne, stearc-heort onfand
2290 feÛndes fÙt-l‚st; he tÙ for gestÙp,
dyrnan cr‰fte, dracan he·fde ne·h.
Sw‚ m‰g unfÊge e·e gedÓgan
we·n and wr‰c-sÓ, se ˛e waldendes
hyldo gehealde. Hord-weard sÙhte
2295 georne ‰fter grunde, wolde guman findan,
˛one ˛e him on sweofote s‚re geteÛde:
h‚t and hreÛh-mÙd hlÊw oft ymbe hwearf,
ealne ˚tan-weardne; ne ˛Êr Ênig mon
w‰s on ˛Êre wÍstenne. Hw‰re hilde gefeh,
2300 beado-weorces: hwÓlum on beorh ‰thwearf,
sinc-f‰t sÙhte; he ˛‰t sÙna onfand,
˛‰t h‰fde gumena sum goldes gefandod
he·h-gestreÛna. Hord-weard onb‚d
earfolÓce, Ù ˛‰t Êfen cwom;
2305 w‰s ˛‚ gebolgen beorges hyrde,
wolde se l‚a lÓge forgyldan
drinc-f‰t d˝re. fi‚ w‰s d‰g sceacen
wyrme on willan, nÙ on wealle leng
bÓdan wolde, ac mid bÊle fÙr,
2310 f˝re gef˝sed. W‰s se fruma egeslÓc
leÛdum on lande, sw‚ hyt lungre wear
on hyra sinc-gifan s‚re geendod.

XXXIII. BEOWULF RESOLVES TO KILL THE FIRE-DRAKE.

fi‚ se g‰st ongan glÍdum spÓwan,
beorht hofu b‰rnan; bryne-leÛma stÙd
2315 eldum on andan; nÙ ˛Êr ‚ht cwices
l‚ lyft-floga lÊfan wolde.
W‰s ˛‰s wyrmes wÓg wÓde ges˝ne,
nearo-f‚ges nÓ ne·n and feorran,
h˚ se g˚-sceaa Ge·ta leÛde
2320 hatode and h˝nde: hord eft gesce·t,
dryht-sele dyrnne Êr d‰ges hwÓle.
H‰fde land-wara lÓge befangen,
bÊle and bronde; beorges getr˚wode,
wÓges and wealles: him seÛ wÍn gele·h.
2325 fi‚ w‰s BiÛwulfe brÙga gec˝ed
sn˚de tÙ sÙe, ˛‰t his sylfes him
bolda sÍlest bryne-wylmum mealt,
gif-stÙl Ge·ta. fi‰t ˛am gÙdan w‰s
hreÛw on hrere, hyge-sorga mÊst:
2330 wÍnde se wÓsa, ˛‰t he wealdende,
ofer ealde riht, Ícean dryhtne
bitre gebulge: breÛst innan weÛll
˛eÛstrum ge˛oncum, sw‚ him ge˛˝we ne w‰s.
H‰fde lÓg-draca leÛda f‰sten,
2335 e·-lond ˚tan, eor-weard ˛one
glÍdum forgrunden. Him ˛‰s g˚-cyning,
Wedera ˛iÛden, wr‰ce leornode.
HÍht him ˛‚ gewyrcean wÓgendra hleÛ
eall-Órenne, eorla dryhten
2340 wÓg-bord wr‰tlÓc; wisse he gearwe,
˛‰t him holt-wudu helpan ne meahte,
lind wi lÓge. Sceolde lÊn-daga
‰eling Êr-gÙd ende gebÓdan
worulde lÓfes and se wyrm somod;
2345 ˛e·h ˛e hord-welan heÛlde lange.
Oferhogode ˛‚ hringa fengel,
˛‰t he ˛one wÓd-flogan weorode gesÙhte,
sÓdan herge; nÙ he him ˛‚ s‰cce ondrÍd,
ne him ˛‰s wyrmes wÓg for wiht dyde,
2350 eafo and ellen; for˛on he Êr fela
nearo nÍende nÓa gedÓgde,
hilde-hlemma, syan he HrÙg‚res,
sigor-e·dig secg, sele fÊlsode
and ‰t g˚e forgr‚p Grendeles mÊgum,
2355 l‚an cynnes. NÙ ˛‰t l‰sest w‰s
hond-gemota, ˛Êr mon Hygel‚c slÙh,
syan Ge·ta cyning g˚e rÊsum,
fre·-wine folces Freslondum on,
HrÍles eafora hioro-dryncum swealt,
2360 bille gebe·ten; ˛onan BiÛwulf com
sylfes cr‰fte, sund-nytte dre·h;
+ h‰fde him on earme ... XXX
hilde-geatwa, ˛‚ he tÙ holme st‚g.
Nealles Hetware hrÍmge ˛orfton
2365 fÍe-wÓges, ˛e him foran onge·n
linde bÊron: lyt eft becwom
fram ˛am hild-frecan h‚mes niÛsan.
Oferswam ˛‚ siÛlea bigong sunu Ecg˛eÛwes,
earm ‚n-haga eft tÙ leÛdum,
2370 ˛Êr him Hygd gebe·d hord and rÓce,
be·gas and brego-stÙl: bearne ne tr˚wode,
˛‰t he wi ‰l-fylcum Íel-stÙlas
healdan c˚e, ˛‚ w‰s Hygel‚c de·d.
NÙ ˛˝ Êr fe·-sceafte findan meahton
2375 ‰t ˛am ‰elinge Ênige ˛inga,
˛‰t he HeardrÍde hl‚ford wÊre,
oe ˛one cyne-dÙm ciÛsan wolde;
hw‰re he him on folce freÛnd-l‚rum heÛld,
Ístum mid ‚re, Ù ˛‰t he yldra wear,
2380 Weder-Ge·tum weÛld. Hyne wr‰c-m‰cgas
ofer sÊ sÙhtan, suna ‘hteres:
h‰fdon hy forhealden helm Scylfinga,
˛one sÍlestan sÊ-cyninga,
˛‚ra ˛e in SwiÛ-rÓce sinc brytnade,
2385 mÊrne ˛eÛden. Him ˛‰t tÙ mearce wear;
he ˛Êr orfeorme feorh-wunde hle·t
sweordes swengum, sunu Hygel‚ces;
and him eft gew‚t Ongen˛iÛwes bearn
h‚mes niÛsan, syan HeardrÍd l‰g;
2390 lÍt ˛one brego-stÙl BiÛwulf healdan,
Ge·tum wealdan: ˛‰t w‰s gÙd cyning.

XXXIV. RETROSPECT OF BE”WULF.--STRIFE BETWEEN SWEONAS AND GEATAS.

Se ˛‰s leÛd-hryres le·n gemunde
uferan dÙgrum, E·dgilse wear
fe·-sceaftum feÛnd. Folce gestepte
2395 ofer sÊ sÓde sunu ‘hteres
wÓgum and wÊpnum: he gewr‰c syan
cealdum cear-sÓum, cyning ealdre bine·t.
Sw‚ he nÓa gehwane genesen h‰fde,
slÓra geslyhta, sunu Ecg˛iÛwes,
2400 ellen-weorca, Ù ˛one ‚nne d‰g,
˛e he wi ˛am wyrme gewegan sceolde.
Gew‚t ˛‚ twelfa sum torne gebolgen
dryhten Ge·ta dracan sce·wian;
h‰fde ˛‚ gefrunen, hwanan siÛ fÊh ‚r‚s,
2405 bealo-nÓ biorna; him tÙ bearme cwom
m‚um-f‰t mÊre ˛urh ˛‰s meldan hond,
Se w‰s on ˛am ˛re·te ˛reotteoa secg,
se ˛‰s orleges Ùr onstealde,
h‰ft hyge-giÙmor, sceolde he·n ˛onon
2410 wong wÓsian: he ofer willan giÛng
tÙ ˛‰s ˛e he eor-sele ‚nne wisse,
hlÊw under hrusan holm-wylme nÍh,
˝-gewinne, se w‰s innan full
wr‰tta and wÓra: weard unhiÛre,
2415 gearo g˚-freca, gold-m‚mas heÛld,
eald under eoran; n‰s ˛‰t ˝e ce·p,
tÙ gegangenne gumena Ênigum.
Ges‰t ˛‚ on n‰sse nÓ-heard cyning,
˛enden hÊlo ‚be·d heor-gene·tum
2420 gold-wine Ge·ta: him w‰s geÙmor sefa,
w‰fre and w‰l-f˚s, Wyrd ungemete ne·h,
se ˛one gomelan grÍtan sceolde,
sÍcean s‚wle hord, sundur gedÊlan
lÓf wi lÓce: nÙ ˛on lange w‰s
2425 feorh ‰elinges flÊsce bewunden.
BiÛwulf maelade, bearn Ecg˛eÛwes:
"Fela ic on giogoe gu-rÊsa gen‰s,
"orleg-hwÓla: ic ˛‰t eall gemon.
"Ic w‰s syfan-wintre, ˛‚ mec sinca baldor,
2430 "fre·-wine folca ‰t mÓnum f‰der genam,
"heÛld mec and h‰fde HrÍel cyning,
"geaf me sinc and symbel, sibbe gemunde;
"n‰s ic him tÙ lÓfe l‚ra Ùwihte
"beorn in burgum, ˛onne his bearna hwylc,
2435 "Herebeald and HÊcyn, oe Hygel‚c mÓn.
"W‰s ˛am yldestan ungedÍfelÓce
"mÊges dÊdum moror-bed strÍd,
"syan hyne HÊcyn of horn-bogan,
"his fre·-wine fl‚ne geswencte,
2440 "miste mercelses and his mÊg ofscÍt,
"brÙor Ùerne, blÙdigan g‚re:
"˛‰t w‰s feoh-le·s gefeoht, fyrenum gesyngad
"hrere hyge-mÍe; sceolde hw‰re sw‚ ˛e·h
"‰eling unwrecen ealdres linnan.
2445 "Sw‚ bi geÙmorlÓc gomelum ceorle
"tÙ gebÓdanne, ˛‰t his byre rÓde
"giong on galgan, ˛onne he gyd wrece,
"s‚rigne sang, ˛onne his sunu hanga
"hrefne tÙ hrÙre and he him helpe ne m‰g,
2450 "eald and in-frÙd, Ênige gefremman.
"Symble bi gemyndgad morna gehwylce
"eaforan ellor-sÓ; Ùres ne g˝me
"tÙ gebÓdanne burgum on innan
"yrfe-weardes, ˛onne se ‚n hafa
2455 "˛urh de·es n˝d dÊda gefondad.
"Gesyh sorh-cearig on his suna b˚re
"wÓn-sele wÍstne, wind-gereste,
"reÛte berofene; rÓdend swefa
"h‰le in homan; nis ˛Êr hearpan swÍg,
2460 "gomen in geardum, swylce ˛Êr i˙ wÊron.

XXXV. MEMORIES OF PAST TIME.--THE FEUD WITH THE FIRE-DRAKE.

"GewÓte ˛onne on sealman, sorh-leÛ g‰le
"‚n ‰fter ‚num: ˛˚hte him eall tÙ r˚m,
"wongas and wÓc-stede. Sw‚ Wedra helm
"‰fter Herebealde heortan sorge
2465 "weallende w‰g, wihte ne meahte
"on ˛am feorh-bonan fÊhe gebÍtan:
"nÙ ˛˝ Êr he ˛one heao-rinc hatian ne meahte
"l‚um dÊdum, ˛e·h him leÛf ne w‰s.
"He ˛‚ mid ˛Êre sorge, ˛e him siÛ s‚r belamp,
2470 "gum-dre·m ofgeaf, godes leÛht gece·s;
"eaferum lÊfde, sw‚ dÍ e·dig mon,
"lond and leÛd-byrig, ˛‚ he of lÓfe gew‚t.
"fi‚ w‰s synn and sacu Sweona and Ge·ta,
"ofer wÓd w‰ter wrÙht gemÊne,
2175 "here-nÓ hearda, syan HrÍel swealt,
"oe him Ongen˛eÛwes eaferan wÊran
"frome fyrd-hwate, freÛde ne woldon
"ofer heafo healdan, ac ymb Hreosna-beorh
"eatolne inwit-scear oft gefremedon.
2480 "fi‰t mÊg-wine mÓne gewrÊcan,
"fÊhe and fyrene, sw‚ hyt gefrÊge w‰s,
"˛e·h ˛e Ùer hit ealdre gebohte,
"heardan ce·pe: HÊcynne wear,
"Ge·ta dryhtne, g˚ onsÊge.
2485 "fi‚ ic on morgne gefr‰gn mÊg Ùerne
"billes ecgum on bonan stÊlan,
"˛Êr Ongen˛eÛw Eofores niÛsade:
"g˚-helm tÙgl‚d, gomela Scylfing
"hre·s heoro-bl‚c; hond gemunde
2490 "fÊho genÙge, feorh-sweng ne ofte·h.
"Ic him ˛‚ m‚mas, ˛e he me sealde,
"geald ‰t g˚e, sw‚ me gifee w‰s,
"leÛhtan sweorde: he me lond forgeaf,
"eard Íel-wyn. N‰s him Ênig ˛earf,
2495 "˛‰t he tÙ Gifum oe tÙ G‚r-Denum
"oe in SwiÛ-rÓce sÍcean ˛urfe
"wyrsan wÓg-frecan, weore gec˝pan;
"symle ic him on fÍan beforan wolde,
"‚na on orde, and sw‚ tÙ aldre sceall
2500 "s‰cce fremman, ˛enden ˛is sweord ˛ola,
"˛‰t mec Êr and sÓ oft gelÊste,
"syan ic for dugeum D‰ghrefne wear
"tÙ hand-bonan, H˚ga cempan:
"nalles he ˛‚ fr‰twe Fres-cyninge,
2505 "breÛst-weorunge bringan mÙste,
"ac in campe gecrong cumbles hyrde,
"‰eling on elne. Ne w‰s ecg bona,
"ac him hilde-gr‚p heortan wylmas,
"b‚n-h˚s gebr‰c. Nu sceall billes ecg,
2510 "hond and heard sweord ymb hord wÓgan."
BeÛwulf maelode, beÛt-wordum spr‰c
niÈhstan sÓe: "Ic genÍde fela
"g˚a on geogoe; gyt ic wylle,
"frÙd folces weard, fÊhe sÍcan,
2515 "mÊrum fremman, gif mec se m‚n-sceaa
"of eor-sele ˚t gesÍce!"
GegrÍtte ˛‚ gumena gehwylcne,
hwate helm-berend hindeman sÓe,
swÊse gesÓas: "Nolde ic sweord beran,
2520 "wÊpen tÙ wyrme, gif ic wiste h˚
"wi ˛am aglÊcean elles meahte
"gylpe wigrÓpan, sw‚ ic giÛ wi Grendle dyde;
"ac ic ˛Êr heau-f˝res h‚tes wÍne,
"rÍes and-h‚ttres: for˛on ic me on hafu
2525 "bord and byrnan. Nelle ic beorges weard
"oferfleÛn fÙtes trem, feÛnd unh˝re,
"ac unc sceal weoran ‰t wealle, sw‚ unc Wyrd geteÛ,
"metod manna gehw‰s. Ic eom on mÙde from,
"˛‰t ic wi ˛one g˚-flogan gylp ofersitte.
2530 "GebÓde ge on beorge byrnum werede,
"secgas on searwum, hw‰er sÍl mÊge
"‰fter w‰l-rÊse wunde ged˝gan
"uncer twega. Nis ˛‰t eÛwer sÓ,
"ne gemet mannes, nefne mÓn ‚nes,
2535 "˛‰t he wi aglÊcean eofoo dÊle,
"eorl-scype efne. Ic mid elne sceall
"gold gegangan oe g˚ nime,
"feorh-bealu frÍcne, fre·n eÛwerne!"
¬r‚s ˛‚ bÓ ronde rÙf oretta,
2540 heard under helm, hioro-sercean b‰r
under st‚n-cleofu, strengo getr˚wode
‚nes mannes: ne bi swylc earges sÓ.
Geseah ˛‚ be wealle, se ˛e worna fela,
gum-cystum gÙd, g˚a gedÓgde,
2545 hilde-hlemma, ˛onne hnitan fÍan,
(stÙd on st‚n-bogan) stre·m ˚t ˛onan
brecan of beorge; w‰s ˛Êre burnan w‰lm
heao-f˝rum h‚t: ne meahte horde ne·h
unbyrnende Ênige hwÓle
2550 deÛp ged˝gan for dracan lÍge.
LÍt ˛‚ of breÛstum, ˛‚ he gebolgen w‰s,
Weder-Ge·ta leÛd word ˚t faran,
stearc-heort styrmde; stefn in becom
heao-torht hlynnan under h‚rne st‚n.
2555 Hete w‰s onhrÍred, hord-weard oncniÛw
mannes reorde; n‰s ˛Êr m‚ra fyrst,
freÛde tÙ friclan. From Êrest cwom
oru aglÊcean ˚t of st‚ne,
h‚t hilde-sw‚t; hruse dynede.
2560 Biorn under beorge bord-rand onsw‚f
wi ˛am gryre-gieste, Ge·ta dryhten:
˛‚ w‰s hring-bogan heorte gef˝sed
s‰cce tÙ sÍceanne. Sweord Êr gebr‰d
gÙd g˚-cyning gomele l‚fe,
2565 ecgum ungle·w, Êghw‰rum w‰s
bealo-hycgendra brÙga fram Ùrum.
StÓ-mÙd gestÙd wi ste·pne rond
winia bealdor, ˛‚ se wyrm gebe·h
sn˚de tÙsomne: he on searwum b‚d.
2570 Gew‚t ˛‚ byrnende gebogen scrÓan tÙ,
gescÓfe scyndan. Scyld wel gebearg
lÓfe and lÓce l‰ssan hwÓle
mÊrum ˛eÛdne, ˛onne his myne sÙhte,
˛Êr he ˛˝ fyrste forman dÙgore
2575 wealdan mÙste, sw‚ him Wyrd ne gescr‚f
hrÍ ‰t hilde. Hond up ‚br‰d
Ge·ta dryhten, gryre-f‚hne slÙh
incge l‚fe, ˛‰t siÛ ecg gew‚c
br˚n on b‚ne, b‚t unswÓor,
2580 ˛onne his ˛iÛd-cyning ˛earfe h‰fde,
bysigum gebÊded. fi‚ w‰s beorges weard
‰fter heau-swenge on hreÛum mÙde,
wearp w‰l-f˝re, wÓde sprungon
hilde-leÛman: hrÍ-sigora ne gealp
2585 gold-wine Ge·ta, g˚-bill gesw‚c
nacod ‰t nÓe, sw‚ hyt nÙ sceolde,
Óren Êr-gÙd. Ne w‰s ˛‰t Íe sÓ,
˛‰t se mÊra maga Ecg˛eÛwes
grund-wong ˛one ofgyfan wolde;
2590 sceolde wyrmes willan wÓc eardian
elles hwergen, sw‚ sceal Êghwylc mon
‚lÊtan lÊn-dagas. N‰s ˛‚ long tÙ ˛on,
˛‰t ˛‚ aglÊcean hy eft gemÍtton.
Hyrte hyne hord-weard, hreer Ême weÛll,
2595 niwan stefne: nearo ˛rowode
f˝re befongen se ˛e Êr folce weÛld.
Nealles him on he·pe hand-gesteallan,
‰elinga bearn ymbe gestÙdon
hilde-cystum, ac hy on holt bugon,
2600 ealdre burgan. Hiora in ‚num weÛll
sefa wi sorgum: sibb Êfre ne m‰g
wiht onwendan, ˛am ˛e wel ˛ence.

XXXVI. WIGLAF HELPS BE”WULF IN THE FEUD.

WÓgl‚f w‰s h‚ten Weoxst‚nes sunu,
leÛflÓc lind-wiga, leÛd Scylfinga,
2605 mÊg ƒlfheres: geseah his mon-dryhten
under here-grÓman h‚t ˛rowian.
Gemunde ˛‚ ˛‚ ‚re, ˛e he him Êr forgeaf
wÓc-stede weligne WÊgmundinga,
folc-rihta gehwylc, sw‚ his f‰der ‚hte;
2610 ne mihte ˛‚ forhabban, hond rond gefÍng,
geolwe linde, gomel swyrd gete·h,
˛‰t w‰s mid eldum E·nmundes l‚f,
suna ‘hteres, ˛am ‰t s‰cce wear
wracu wine-le·sum Weohst‚nes bana
2615 mÍces ecgum, and his m‚gum ‰tb‰r
br˚n-f‚gne helm, hringde byrnan,
eald sweord eotonisc, ˛‰t him Onela forgeaf,
his g‰delinges g˚-gewÊdu,
fyrd-searo f˚slÓc: nÙ ymbe ˛‚ fÊhe spr‰c,
2620 ˛e·h ˛e he his brÙor bearn ‚bredwade.
He fr‰twe geheÛld fela missera,
bill and byrnan, Ù ˛‰t his byre mihte
eorl-scipe efnan, sw‚ his Êr-f‰der;
geaf him ˛‚ mid Ge·tum g˚-gewÊda
2625 Êghw‰s unrÓm; ˛‚ he of ealdre gew‚t,
frÙd on for-weg. fi‚ w‰s forma sÓ
geongan cempan, ˛‰t he g˚e rÊs
mid his freÛ-dryhtne fremman sceolde;
ne gemealt him se mÙd-sefa, ne his mÊges l‚f
2630 gew‚c ‰t wÓge: ˛‰t se wyrm onfand,
syan hie tÙg‰dre geg‚n h‰fdon.
WÓgl‚f maelode word-rihta fela,
s‰gde gesÓum, him w‰s sefa geÙmor:
"Ic ˛‰t mÊl geman, ˛Êr we medu ˛Ígun,
2635 "˛onne we gehÍton ˚ssum hl‚forde
"in biÛr-sele, ˛e ˚s ˛‚s be·gas geaf,
"˛‰t we him ˛‚ g˚-geatwa gyldan woldon,
"gif him ˛yslÓcu ˛earf gelumpe,
"helmas and heard sweord: ˛Í he ˚sic on herge gece·s
2640 "tÙ ˛yssum sÓ-fate sylfes willum,
"onmunde ˚sic mÊra and me ˛‚s m‚mas geaf,
"˛Í he ˚sic g‚r-wÓgend gÙde tealde,
"hwate helm-berend, ˛e·h ˛e hl‚ford ˚s
"˛is ellen-weorc ‚na ‚˛Ùhte
2645 "tÙ gefremmanne, folces hyrde,
"for˛am he manna mÊst mÊra gefremede,
"dÊda dollÓcra. Nu is se d‰g cumen,
"˛‰t ˚re man-dryhten m‰genes behÙfa
"gÙdra g˚-rinca: wutun gangan tÙ,
2650 "helpan hild-fruman, ˛enden hyt s˝,
"glÍd-egesa grim! God w‚t on mec,
"˛‰t me is micle leÛfre, ˛‰t mÓnne lÓc-haman
"mid mÓnne gold-gyfan glÍd f‰mie.
"Ne ˛ynce me gerysne, ˛‰t we rondas beren
2655 "eft tÙ earde, nemne we Êror mÊgen
"f‚ne gefyllan, feorh ealgian
"Wedra ˛iÛdnes. Ic w‚t geare,
"˛‰t nÊron eald-gewyrht, ˛‰t he ‚na scyle
"Ge·ta dugue gnorn ˛rowian,
2660 "gesÓgan ‰t s‰cce: sceal ˚rum ˛‰t sweord and helm,
"byrne and byrdu-scr˚d b‚m gemÊne."
WÙd ˛‚ ˛urh ˛one w‰l-rÍc, wÓg-heafolan b‰r
fre·n on fultum, fe· worda cw‰:
"LeÛfa BiÛwulf, lÊst eall tela,
2665 "sw‚ ˛u on geogu-feore ge‚ra gecwÊde,
"˛‰t ˛u ne ‚lÊte be ˛e lifigendum
"dÙm gedreÛsan: scealt nu dÊdum rÙf,
"‰eling ‚n-hydig, ealle m‰gene
"feorh ealgian; ic ˛e fullÊstu!"
2670 ƒfter ˛‚m wordum wyrm yrre cwom,
atol inwit-g‰st Ùre sÓe,
f˝r-wylmum f‚h fiÛnda niÛsan,
l‚ra manna; lÓg-˝um forborn
bord wi ronde: byrne ne meahte
2675 geongum g‚r-wigan geÛce gefremman:
ac se maga geonga under his mÊges scyld
elne geeode, ˛‚ his ‚gen w‰s
glÍdum forgrunden. fi‚ gen g˚-cyning
mÊra gemunde, m‰gen-strengo,
2680 slÙh hilde-bille, ˛‰t hyt on heafolan stÙd
nÓe gen˝ded: N‰gling forb‰rst,
gesw‚c ‰t s‰cce sweord BiÛwulfes
gomol and grÊg-mÊl. Him ˛‰t gifee ne w‰s,
˛‰t him Órenna ecge mihton
2685 helpan ‰t hilde; w‰s siÛ hond tÙ strong,
se ˛e mÍca gehwane mÓne gefrÊge
swenge ofersÙhte, ˛onne he tÙ s‰cce b‰r
wÊpen wundrum heard, n‰s him wihte ˛Í sÍl.
fi‚ w‰s ˛eÛd-sceaa ˛riddan sÓe,
2690 frÍcne f˝r-draca fÊha gemyndig,
rÊsde on ˛one rÙfan, ˛‚ him r˚m ‚geald,
h‚t and heao-grim, heals ealne ymbefÍng
biteran b‚num; he geblÙdegod wear
s‚wul-driÛre; sw‚t ˝um weÛll.

XXXVII. BE”WULF WOUNDED TO DEATH.

2695 fi‚ ic ‰t ˛earfe gefr‰gn ˛eÛd-cyninges
and-longne eorl ellen c˝an,
cr‰ft and cÍnu, sw‚ him gecynde w‰s;
ne hÍdde he ˛‰s heafolan, ac siÛ hand gebarn
mÙdiges mannes, ˛Êr he his mÊges healp,
2700 ˛‰t he ˛one nÓ-g‰st nioor hwÍne slÙh,
secg on searwum, ˛‰t ˛‰t sweord gede·f
f‚h and f‰ted, ˛‰t ˛‰t f˝r ongon
swerian syan. fi‚ gen sylf cyning
geweÛld his gewitte, w‰ll-seaxe gebr‰d,
2705 biter and beadu-scearp, ˛‰t he on byrnan w‰g:
forwr‚t Wedra helm wyrm on middan.
FeÛnd gefyldan (ferh ellen wr‰c),
and hi hyne ˛‚ begen ‚broten h‰fdon,
sib-‰elingas: swylc sceolde secg wesan,
2710 ˛egn ‰t ˛earfe. fi‰t ˛am ˛eÛdne w‰s
sÓast sÓge-hwÓle sylfes dÊdum,
worlde geweorces. fi‚ siÛ wund ongon,
˛e him se eor-draca Êr geworhte,
swÍlan and swellan. He ˛‰t sÙna onfand,
2715 ˛‰t him on breÛstum bealo-nÓ weÛll,
‚ttor on innan. fi‚ se ‰eling giÛng,
˛‰t he bÓ wealle, wÓs-hycgende,
ges‰t on sesse; seah on enta geweorc,
h˚ ˛‚ st‚n-bogan stapulum f‰ste
2720 Íce eor-reced innan heÛldon.
Hyne ˛‚ mid handa heoro-dreÛrigne
˛eÛden mÊrne ˛egn ungemete till,
wine-dryhten his w‰tere gelafede,
hilde-s‰dne and his helm onspeÛn.
2725 BiÛwulf maelode, he ofer benne spr‰c,
wunde w‰l-ble·te (wisse he gearwe,
˛‰t he d‰g-hwÓla gedrogen h‰fde
eoran wynne; ˛‚ w‰s eall sceacen
dÙgor-gerÓmes, de· ungemete ne·h):
2730 "Nu ic suna mÓnum syllan wolde
"g˚-gewÊdu, ˛Êr me gifee sw‚
"Ênig yrfe-weard ‰fter wurde,
"lÓce gelenge. Ic ˛‚s leÛde heÛld
"fÓftig wintra: n‰s se folc-cyning
2735 "ymbe-sittendra Ênig ˛‚ra,
"˛e mec g˚-winum grÍtan dorste,
"egesan ˛eÛn. Ic on earde b‚d
"mÊl-gesceafta, heÛld mÓn tela,
"ne sÙhte searo-nÓas, ne me swÙr fela
2740 "‚a on unriht. Ic ˛‰s ealles m‰g,
"feorh-bennum seÛc, gefe·n habban:
"for˛am me wÓtan ne ˛earf waldend fira
"moror-bealo m‚ga, ˛onne mÓn sceace
"lÓf of lÓce. Nu ˛u lungre
2745 "geong, hord sce·wian under h‚rne st‚n,
"WÓgl‚f leÛfa, nu se wyrm lige,
"swefe s‚re wund, since bere·fod.
"BiÛ nu on Ùfoste, ˛‰t ic Êr-welan,
"gold-Êht ongite, gearo sce·wige
2750 "swegle searo-gimmas, ˛‰t ic ˛˝ sÍft mÊge
"‰fter m‚um-welan mÓn ‚lÊtan
"lÓf and leÛd-scipe, ˛one ic longe heÛld."

XXXVIII. THE JEWEL-HOARD. THE PASSING OF BEOWULF.

fi‚ ic sn˚de gefr‰gn sunu Wihst‚nes
‰fter word-cwydum wundum dryhtne
2755 h˝ran heao-siÛcum, hring-net beran,
brogdne beadu-sercean under beorges hrÙf.
Geseah ˛‚ sige-hrÍig, ˛‚ he bÓ sesse geÛng,
mago-˛egn mÙdig m‚um-sigla fela,
gold glitinian grunde getenge,
2760 wundur on wealle and ˛‰s wyrmes denn,
ealdes uht-flogan, orcas stondan,
fyrn-manna fatu feormend-le·se,
hyrstum behrorene: ˛Êr w‰s helm monig,
eald and Ùmig, earm-be·ga fela,
2765 searwum gesÊled. Sinc e·e m‰g,
gold on grunde, gumena cynnes
gehwone ofer-higian, h˝de se ˛e wylle!
Swylce he siomian geseah segn eall-gylden
he·h ofer horde, hond-wundra mÊst,
2770 gelocen leoo-cr‰ftum: of ˛am leÛma stÙd,
˛‰t he ˛one grund-wong ongitan meahte,
wr‰te giond-wlÓtan. N‰s ˛‰s wyrmes ˛Êr
ons˝n Ênig, ac hyne ecg fornam.
fi‚ ic on hlÊwe gefr‰gn hord re·fian,
2775 eald enta geweorc ‚nne mannan,
him on bearm hladan bunan and discas
sylfes dÙme, segn e·c genom,
be·cna beorhtost; bill Êr-gescÙd
(ecg w‰s Óren) eald-hl‚fordes
2780 ˛am ˛‚ra m‚ma mund-bora w‰s
longe hwÓle, lÓg-egesan w‰g
h‚tne for horde, hioro-weallende,
middel-nihtum, Ù ˛‰t he morre swealt.
¬r w‰s on Ùfoste eft-sÓes georn,
2785 fr‰twum gefyrred: hyne fyrwet br‰c,
hw‰er collen-fer cwicne gemÍtte
in ˛am wong-stede Wedra ˛eÛden,
ellen-siÛcne, ˛Êr he hine Êr forlÍt.
He ˛‚ mid ˛‚m m‚mum mÊrne ˛iÛden,
2790 dryhten sÓnne driÛrigne fand
ealdres ‰t ende: he hine eft ongon
w‰teres weorpan, Ù ˛‰t wordes ord
breÛst-hord ˛urhbr‰c. BeÛwulf maelode,
gomel on giohe (gold sce·wode):
2795 "Ic ˛‚ra fr‰twa fre·n ealles ˛anc
"wuldur-cyninge wordum secge,
"Ícum dryhtne, ˛e ic her on starie,
"˛‰s ˛e ic mÙste mÓnum leÛdum
"Êr swylt-d‰ge swylc gestr˝nan.
2800 "Nu ic on m‚ma hord mÓne bebohte
"frÙde feorh-lege, fremma ge nu
"leÛda ˛earfe; ne m‰g ic her leng wesan.
"H‚ta heao-mÊre hlÊw gewyrcean,
"beorhtne ‰fter bÊle ‰t brimes nosan;
2805 "se scel tÙ gemyndum mÓnum leÛdum
"he·h hlifian on Hrones n‰sse,
"˛‰t hit sÊ-lÓend syan h‚tan
"BiÛwulfes biorh, ˛‚ ˛e brentingas
"ofer flÙda genipu feorran drÓfa."
2810 Dyde him of healse hring gyldenne
˛iÛden ˛rÓst-hydig, ˛egne gesealde,
geongum g‚r-wigan, gold-f‚hne helm,
be·h and byrnan, hÍt hyne br˚can well:
"fiu eart ende-l‚f ˚sses cynnes,
2815 "WÊgmundinga; ealle Wyrd forsweÛf,
"mÓne m‚gas tÙ metod-sceafte,
"eorlas on elne: ic him ‰fter sceal."
fi‰t w‰s ˛am gomelan gingeste word
breÛst-gehygdum, Êr he bÊl cure,
2820 h‚te heao-wylmas: him of hrere gew‚t
s‚wol sÍcean sÙ-f‰stra dÙm.

XXXIX. THE COWARD-THANES.

fi‚ w‰s gegongen guman unfrÙdum
earfolÓce, ˛‰t he on eoran geseah
˛one leÛfestan lÓfes ‰t ende
2825 ble·te gebÊran. Bona swylce l‰g,
egeslÓc eor-draca, ealdre bere·fod,
bealwe gebÊded: be·h-hordum leng
wyrm woh-bogen wealdan ne mÙste,
ac him Órenna ecga forn‚mon,
2830 hearde heao-scearpe homera l‚fe,
˛‰t se wÓd-floga wundum stille
hre·s on hrusan hord-‰rne ne·h,
nalles ‰fter lyfte l‚cende hwearf
middel-nihtum, m‚m-Êhta wlonc
2835 ans˝n ˝wde: ac he eoran gefeÛll
for ˛‰s hild-fruman hond-geweorce.
H˚ru ˛‰t on lande lyt manna ˛‚h
m‰gen-‚gendra mÓne gefrÊge,
˛e·h ˛e he dÊda gehw‰s dyrstig wÊre,
2840 ˛‰t he wi ‚ttor-sceaan oree gerÊsde,
oe hring-sele hondum styrede,
gif he w‰ccende weard onfunde
b˚an on beorge. BiÛwulfe wear
dryht-m‚ma dÊl de·e forgolden;
2845 h‰fde Êghw‰er ende gefÍred
lÊnan lÓfes. N‰s ˛‚ lang tÙ ˛on,
˛‰t ˛‚ hild-latan holt ofgÍfan,
tydre treÛw-logan tyne ‰tsomne,
˛‚ ne dorston Êr dareum l‚can
2850 on hyra man-dryhtnes miclan ˛earfe;
ac hy scamiende scyldas bÊran,
g˚-gewÊdu, ˛Êr se gomela l‰g:
wlitan on WÓgl‚f. He gewÍrgad s‰t,
fÍe-cempa fre·n eaxlum ne·h,
2855 wehte hyne w‰tre; him wiht ne speÛw;
ne meahte he on eoran, ˛e·h he ˚e wel,
on ˛am frum-g‚re feorh gehealdan,
ne ˛‰s wealdendes willan wiht oncirran;
wolde dÙm godes dÊdum rÊdan
2860 gumena gehwylcum, sw‚ he nu gen dÍ.
fi‚ w‰s ‰t ˛am geongan grim andswaru
Í-begÍte ˛‚m ˛e Êr his elne forle·s.
WÓgl‚f maelode, Weohst‚nes sunu,
secg s‚rig-fer seah on unleÛfe:
2865 "fi‰t l‚ m‰g secgan, se ˛e wyle sÙ sprecan,
"˛‰t se mon-dryhten, se eÛw ˛‚ m‚mas geaf,
"eÛred-geatwe, ˛e ge ˛Êr on standa,
"˛onne he on ealu-bence oft gesealde
"heal-sittendum helm and byrnan,
2870 "˛eÛden his ˛egnum, swylce he ˛rylÓcost
"ÙhwÊr feor oe ne·h findan meahte,
"˛‰t he genunga g˚-gewÊdu
"wr‚e forwurpe. fi‚ hyne wÓg beget,
"nealles folc-cyning fyrd-gesteallum
2875 "gylpan ˛orfte; hw‰re him god ˚e,
"sigora waldend, ˛‰t he hyne sylfne gewr‰c
"‚na mid ecge, ˛‚ him w‰s elnes ˛earf,
"Ic him lÓf-wrae lytle meahte
"‰tgifan ‰t g˚e and ongan sw‚ ˛e·h
2880 "ofer mÓn gemet mÊges helpan:
"symle w‰s ˛˝ sÊmra, ˛onne ic sweorde drep
"ferh-genÓlan, f˝r unswÓor
"weÛll of gewitte. Wergendra tÙ lyt
"˛rong ymbe ˛eÛden, ˛‚ hyne siÛ ˛rag becwom.
2885 "Nu sceal sinc-˛ego and swyrd-gifu
"eall Íel-wyn eÛwrum cynne,
"lufen ‚licgean: lond-rihtes mÙt
"˛Êre mÊg-burge monna Êghwylc
"Ódel hweorfan, syan ‰elingas
2890 "feorran gefricgean fle·m eÛwerne,
"dÙm-le·san dÊd. De· bi sÍlla
"eorla gehwylcum ˛onne edwÓt-lÓf!"

XL. THE SOLDIER'S DIRGE AND PROPHECY.

HÍht ˛‚ ˛‰t heao-weorc tÙ hagan biÛdan
up ofer Íg-clif, ˛Êr ˛‰t eorl-weorod
2895 morgen-longne d‰g mÙd-giÙmor s‰t,
bord-h‰bbende, bega on wÍnum
ende-dÙgores and eft-cymes
leÛfes monnes. Lyt swÓgode
niwra spella, se ˛e n‰s ger‚d,
2900 ac he sÙlÓce s‰gde ofer ealle;
"Nu is wil-geofa Wedra leÛda,
"dryhten Ge·ta de·-bedde f‰st,
"wuna w‰l-reste wyrmes dÊdum;
"him on efn lige ealdor-gewinna,
2905 "siex-bennum seÛc: sweorde ne meahte
"on ˛am aglÊcean Ênige ˛inga
"wunde gewyrcean. WÓgl‚f site
"ofer BiÛwulfe, byre Wihst‚nes,
"eorl ofer Ùrum unlifigendum,
2910 "healde hige-mÍum he·fod-wearde
"leÛfes and l‚es. Nu ys leÛdum wÍn
"orleg-hwÓle, syan underne
"Froncum and Frysum fyll cyninges
"wÓde weore. W‰s siÛ wrÙht scepen
2915 "heard wi H˚gas, syan Higel‚c cwom
"faran flot-herge on Fresna land,
"˛Êr hyne Hetware hilde gehnÊgdon,
"elne geeodon mid ofer-m‰gene,
"˛‰t se byrn-wÓga b˚gan sceolde,
2920 "feÛll on fÍan: nalles fr‰twe geaf
"ealdor dugoe; ˚s w‰s ‚ syan
"Merewioinga milts ungyfee.
"Ne ic tÙ SweÛ-˛eÛde sibbe oe treÛwe
"wihte ne wÍne; ac w‰s wÓde c˚,
2925 "˛‰tte Ongen˛iÛ ealdre besnyede
"HÊcyn HrÍling wi Hrefna-wudu,
"˛‚ for on-mÍdlan Êrest gesÙhton
"Ge·ta leÛde G˚-scilfingas.
"SÙna him se frÙda f‰der ‘htheres,
2930 "eald and eges-full ond-slyht ‚geaf,
"‚breÛt brim-wÓsan, br˝d ‚heÛrde,
"gomela iÛ-meowlan golde berofene,
"Onelan mÙdor and ‘htheres,
"and ˛‚ folgode feorh-genÓlan
2935 "Ù ˛‰t hÓ Ùeodon earfolÓce
"in Hrefnes-holt hl‚ford-le·se.
"Bes‰t ˛‚ sin-herge sweorda l‚fe
"wundum wÍrge, we·n oft gehÍt
"earmre teohhe andlonge niht:
2940 "cw‰ he on mergenne mÍces ecgum
"getan wolde, sume on galg-treÛwum
"fuglum tÙ gamene. FrÙfor eft gelamp
"s‚rig-mÙdum somod Êr-d‰ge,
"syan hie Hygel‚ces horn and b˝man
2945 "gealdor onge‚ton. fi‚ se gÙda com
"leÛda dugoe on l‚st faran.

XLI. HE TELLS OF THE SWEDES AND THE GEATAS.

"W‰s siÛ sw‚t-swau Sweona and Ge·ta,
"w‰l-rÊs wera wÓde ges˝ne,
"h˚ ˛‚ folc mid him fÊhe tÙwehton.
2950 "Gew‚t him ˛‚ se gÙda mid his g‰delingum,
"frÙd fela geÙmor f‰sten sÍcean,
"eorl Ongen˛iÛ ufor oncirde;
"h‰fde Higel‚ces hilde gefrunen,
"wlonces wÓg-cr‰ft, wires ne tr˚wode,
2955 "˛‰t he sÊ-mannum onsacan mihte,
"he·o-lÓendum hord forstandan,
"bearn and br˝de; be·h eft ˛onan
"eald under eor-weall. fi‚ w‰s Êht boden
"Sweona leÛdum, segn Higel‚ce.
2960 "Freoo-wong ˛one for ofereodon,
"syan HrÍlingas tÙ hagan ˛rungon.
"fiÊr wear Ongen˛iÛ ecgum sweorda,
"blonden-fexa on bÓd wrecen,
"˛‰t se ˛eÛd-cyning ˛afian sceolde
2965 "Eofores ‚nne dÙm: hyne yrringa
"Wulf WonrÍding wÊpne gerÊhte,
"˛‰t him for swenge sw‚t Êdrum sprong
"for under fexe. N‰s he forht sw‚ ˛Íh,
"gomela Scilfing, ac forgeald hrae
2970 "wyrsan wrixle w‰l-hlem ˛one,
"syan ˛eÛd-cyning ˛yder oncirde:
"ne meahte se snella sunu WonrÍdes
"ealdum ceorle ond-slyht giofan,
"ac he him on he·fde helm Êr gescer,
2975 "˛‰t he blÙde f‚h b˚gan sceolde,
"feÛll on foldan; n‰s he fÊge ˛‚ git,
"ac he hyne gewyrpte, ˛e·h ˛e him wund hrÓne,
"LÍt se hearda Higel‚ces ˛egn
"br‚dne mÍce, ˛‚ his brÙor l‰g,
2980 "eald sweord eotonisc, entiscne helm,
"brecan ofer bord-weal: ˛‚ gebe·h cyning,
"folces hyrde, w‰s in feorh dropen.
"fi‚ wÊron monige, ˛e his mÊg wrion,
"ricone ‚rÊrdon, ˛‚ him ger˝med wear,
2985 "˛‰t hie w‰l-stÙwe wealdan mÙston.
"fienden re·fode rinc Ùerne,
"nam on Ongen˛iÛ Óren-byrnan,
"heard swyrd hilted and his helm somod;
"h‚res hyrste Higel‚ce b‰r.
2990 "He ˛‚m fr‰twum fÍng and him f‰gre gehÍt
"le·na fore leÛdum and gelÊste sw‚:
"geald ˛one g˚-rÊs Ge·ta dryhten,
"HrÍles eafora, ˛‚ he tÙ h‚m becom,
"Jofore and Wulfe mid ofer-m‚mum,
2995 "sealde hiora gehw‰rum hund ˛˚senda
"landes and locenra be·ga; ne ˛orfte him ˛‚ le·n ÙwÓtan
"mon on middan-gearde, syan hie ˛‚ mÊra geslÙgon;
"and ˛‚ Jofore forgeaf ‚ngan dÙhtor,
"h‚m-weorunge, hyldo tÙ wedde.
3000 "fi‰t ys siÛ fÊho and se feÛnd-scipe,
"w‰l-nÓ wera, ˛‰s ˛e ic wÍn hafo,
"˛e ˚s sÍcea tÙ Sweona leÛde,
"syan hie gefricgea fre·n ˚serne
"ealdor-le·sne, ˛one ˛e Êr geheÛld
3005 "wi hettendum hord and rÓce,
"‰fter h‰lea hryre hwate Scylfingas,
"folc-rÊd fremede oe furur gen
"eorl-scipe efnde. Nu is Ùfost betost,
"˛‰t we ˛eÛd-cyning ˛Êr sce·wian
3010 "and ˛one gebringan, ˛e ˚s be·gas geaf,
"on ‚d-f‰re. Ne scel ‚nes hw‰t
"meltan mid ˛am mÙdigan, ac ˛Êr is m‚ma hord.
"gold unrÓme grimme gece·pod
"and nu ‰t sÓestan sylfes feore
3015 "be·gas gebohte; ˛‚ sceal brond fretan,
"‰led ˛eccean, nalles eorl wegan
"m‚um tÙ gemyndum, ne m‰g sc˝ne
"habban on healse hring-weorunge,
"ac sceall geÙmor-mÙd golde bere·fod
3020 "oft nalles Êne el-land tredan,
"nu se here-wÓsa hleahtor ‚legde,
"gamen and gleÛ-dre·m. For˛on sceall g‚r wesan
"monig morgen-ceald mundum bewunden,
"h‰fen on handa, nalles hearpan swÍg
3025 "wÓgend weccean, ac se wonna hrefn
"f˚s ofer fÊgum, fela reordian,
"earne secgan, h˚ him ‰t Ête speÛw,
"˛enden he wi wulf w‰l re·fode."
Sw‚ se secg hwata secgende w‰s
3030 l‚ra spella; he ne le·g fela
wyrda ne worda. Weorod eall ‚r‚s,
eodon unblÓe under Earna n‰s
wollen-te·re wundur sce·wian.
Fundon ˛‚ on sande s‚wul-le·sne
3035 hlim-bed healdan, ˛one ˛e him hringas geaf
Êrran mÊlum: ˛‚ w‰s ende-d‰g
gÙdum gegongen, ˛‰t se g˚-cyning,
Wedra ˛eÛden, wundor-de·e swealt.
∆r hÓ gesÍgan syllÓcran wiht,
3040 wyrm on wonge wier-r‰htes ˛Êr
l‚ne licgean: w‰s se lÍg-draca,
grimlÓc gryre-g‰st, glÍdum beswÊled,
se w‰s fÓftiges fÙt-gemearces.
lang on legere, lyft-wynne heÛld
3045 nihtes hwÓlum, nyer eft gew‚t
dennes niÛsian; w‰s ˛‚ de·e f‰st,
h‰fde eor-scrafa ende genyttod.
Him big stÙdan bunan and orcas,
discas l‚gon and d˝re swyrd,
3050 Ùmige ˛urh-etone, sw‚ hie wi eoran f‰m
˛˚send wintra ˛Êr eardodon:
˛onne w‰s ˛‰t yrfe e·cen-cr‰ftig,
i˙-monna gold galdre bewunden,
˛‰t ˛am hring-sele hrÓnan ne mÙste
3055 gumena Ênig, nefne god sylfa,
sigora sÙ-cyning, sealde ˛am ˛e he wolde
(he is manna gehyld) hord openian,
efne sw‚ hwylcum manna, sw‚ him gemet ˛˚hte.

XLII. WŒGLAF SPEAKS. THE BUILDING OF THE BALE-FIRE.

fi‚ w‰s ges˝ne, ˛‰t se sÓ ne ˛‚h
3060 ˛am ˛e unrihte inne geh˝dde
wr‰te under wealle. Weard Êr ofslÙh
fe·ra sumne; ˛‚ siÛ fÊh gewear
gewrecen wr‚lÓce. Wundur hw‚r, ˛onne
eorl ellen-rÙf ende gefÍre
3065 lÓf-gesceafta, ˛onne leng ne m‰g
mon mid his m‚gum medu-seld b˚an.
Sw‚ w‰s BiÛwulfe, ˛‚ he biorges weard
sÙhte, searo-nÓas: seolfa ne c˚e,
˛urh hw‰t his worulde ged‚l weoran sceolde;
3070 sw‚ hit Ù dÙmes d‰g diÛpe benemdon
˛eÛdnas mÊre, ˛‚ ˛‰t ˛Êr dydon,
˛‰t se secg wÊre synnum scildig,
hergum geheaerod, hell-bendum f‰st,
wommum gewitnad, se ˛one wong str‚de.
3075 N‰s he gold-hw‰t: gearwor h‰fde
‚gendes Íst Êr gesce·wod.
WÓgl‚f maelode, Wihst‚nes sunu:
"Oft sceall eorl monig ‚nes willan
"wrÊc ‚dreÛgan, sw‚ ˚s geworden is.
3080 "Ne meahton we gelÊran leÛfne ˛eÛden,
"rÓces hyrde rÊd Ênigne,
"˛‰t he ne grÍtte gold-weard ˛one,
"lÍte hyne licgean, ˛Êr he longe w‰s,
"wÓcum wunian Ù woruld-ende.
3085 "HeÛldon he·h gesceap: hord ys gesce·wod,
"grimme gegongen; w‰s ˛‰t gifee tÙ swÓ,
"˛e ˛one ˛eÛden ˛yder ontyhte.
"Ic w‰s ˛Êr inne and ˛‰t eall geond-seh,
"recedes geatwa, ˛‚ me ger˝med w‰s,
3090 "nealles swÊslÓce sÓ ‚l˝fed
"inn under eor-weall. Ic on Ùfoste gefÍng
"micle mid mundum m‰gen-byrenne
"hord-gestreÛna, hider ˚t ‰tb‰r
"cyninge mÓnum: cwico w‰s ˛‚ gena,
3095 "wÓs and gewittig; worn eall gespr‰c
"gomol on geho and eÛwic grÍtan hÍt,
"b‰d ˛‰t ge geworhton ‰fter wines dÊdum
"in bÊl-stede beorh ˛one he·n
"micelne and mÊrne, sw‚ he manna w‰s
3100 "wÓgend weor-fullost wÓde geond eoran,
"˛enden he burh-welan br˚can mÙste.
"Uton nu Ífstan Ùre sÓe
"seÛn and sÍcean searo-ge˛r‰c,
"wundur under wealle! ic eÛw wÓsige,
3105 "˛‰t ge genÙge ne·n sce·wia
"be·gas and br‚d gold. SÓe siÛ bÊr gearo
"‰dre ge‰fned, ˛onne we ˚t cymen,
"and ˛onne geferian fre·n ˚serne,
"leÛfne mannan, ˛Êr he longe sceal
3110 "on ˛‰s waldendes wÊre ge˛olian."
HÍt ˛‚ gebeÛdan byre Wihst‚nes,
h‰le hilde-diÛr, h‰lea monegum
bold-‚gendra, ˛‰t hie bÊl-wudu
feorran feredon, folc-‚gende
3115 gÙdum tÙgÍnes: "Nu sceal glÍd fretan
"(weaxan wonna lÍg) wÓgena strengel,
"˛one ˛e oft geb‚d Ósern-sc˚re,
"˛onne strÊla storm, strengum gebÊded,
"scÙc ofer scild-weall, sceft nytte heÛld,
3120 "feer-gearwum f˚s fl‚ne full-eode."
H˚ru se snotra sunu Wihst‚nes
‚cÓgde of corre cyninges ˛egnas
syfone tÙsomne ˛‚ sÍlestan,
eode eahta sum under inwit-hrÙf;
3125 hilde-rinc sum on handa b‰r
‰led-leÛman, se ˛e on orde geÛng.
N‰s ˛‚ on hlytme, hw‚ ˛‰t hord strude,
syan or-wearde Ênigne dÊl
secgas gesÍgon on sele wunian,
3130 lÊne licgan: lyt Ênig mearn,
˛‰t hi Ùfostlice ˚t geferedon
d˝re m‚mas; dracan Íc scufun,
wyrm ofer weall-clif, lÍton wÊg niman,
flÙd f‰mian fr‰twa hyrde.
3135 fiÊr w‰s wunden gold on wÊn hladen,
Êghw‰s unrÓm, ‰eling boren,
h‚r hilde-rinc tÙ Hrones n‰sse.

XLIII. BE”WULF'S FUNERAL PYRE.

Him ˛‚ gegiredan Ge·ta leÛde
‚d on eoran un-w‚clÓcne,
3140 helmum behongen, hilde-bordum,
beorhtum byrnum, sw‚ he bÍna w‰s;
‚legdon ˛‚ tÙ-middes mÊrne ˛eÛden
h‰le hiÛfende, hl‚ford leÛfne.
Ongunnon ˛‚ on beorge bÊl-f˝ra mÊst
3145 wÓgend weccan: wudu-rÍc ‚st‚h
sweart ofer swioole, swÙgende lÍg,
wÙpe bewunden (wind-blond gel‰g)
Ù ˛‰t he ˛‚ b‚n-h˚s gebrocen h‰fde,
h‚t on hrere. Higum unrÙte
3150 mÙd-ceare mÊndon mon-dryhtnes cwealm;
swylce giÙmor-gyd + lat . con meowle
. . . . . wunden heorde . . .
serg (?) cearig sÊlde geneahhe
˛‰t hio hyre . . . . gas hearde
3155 . . . . . ede w‰lfylla wonn . .
hildes egesan hyo
haf mid heofon rÍce swealh (?)
Geworhton ˛‚ Wedra leÛde
hlÊw on hlie, se w‰s he·h and br‚d,
3160 wÊg-lÓendum wÓde ges˝ne,
and betimbredon on tyn dagum
beadu-rÙfes bÍcn: bronda betost
wealle beworhton, sw‚ hyt weorlÓcost
fore-snotre men findan mihton.
3165 HÓ on beorg dydon bÍg and siglu,
eall swylce hyrsta, swylce on horde Êr
nÓ-hydige men genumen h‰fdon;
forlÍton eorla gestreÛn eoran healdan,
gold on greÛte, ˛Êr hit nu gen lifa
3170 eldum sw‚ unnyt, sw‚ hit Êror w‰s.
fi‚ ymbe hlÊw riodan hilde-deÛre,
‰elinga bearn ealra twelfa,
woldon ceare cwÓan, kyning mÊnan,
word-gyd wrecan and ymb wer sprecan,
3175 eahtodan eorl-scipe and his ellen-weorc
duguum dÍmdon, sw‚ hit ge-dÍfe bi,
˛‰t mon his wine-dryhten wordum hÍrge,
ferhum freÛge, ˛onne he for scile
of lÓc-haman lÊne weoran.
3180 Sw‚ begnornodon Ge·ta leÛde
hl‚fordes hryre, heor-gene·tas,
cwÊdon ˛‰t he wÊre woruld-cyning
mannum mildust and mon-˛wÊrust,
leÛdum lÓost and lof-geornost.

APPENDIX

THE ATTACK IN FINNSBURG. [Footnote: See v. 1069 _seqq._]

". . . . . . . . . . . n‰s byrna nÊfre."
Hleorode ˛‚ heao-geong cyning:
"Ne ˛is ne daga e·stan, ne her draca ne fleÛge,
"ne her ˛isse healle hornas ne byrna,
5 "ac fÍr for bera fugelas singa,
"gylle grÊg-hama, g˚-wudu hlynne,
"scyld scefte oncwy. Nu sc˝ne ˛es mÙna
"waol under wolcnum; nu ‚rÓsa we·-dÊda,
"˛e ˛isne folces nÓ fremman willa.
10 "Ac onwacnigea nu, wÓgend mÓne,
"hebba eÛwre handa, hicgea on ellen,
"winna on orde, wesa on mÙde!"
fi‚ ‚r‚s monig gold-hladen ˛egn, gyrde hine his swurde;
˛‚ tÙ dura eodon drihtlÓce cempan,
15 Sigefer and Eaha, hyra sweord getugon,
and ‰t Ùrum durum Ordl‚f and G˚l‚f,
and Hengest sylf; hwearf him on l‚ste.
fi‚ git G‚rulf G˚ere styrode,
˛‰t hie sw‚ freÛlÓc feorh forman sÓe
20 tÙ ˛Êre healle durum hyrsta ne bÊran,
nu hyt nÓa heard ‚nyman wolde:
ac he fr‰gn ofer eal undearninga,
deÛr-mÙd h‰le, hw‚ ˛‚ duru heÛlde.
"Sigefer is mÓn nama (cw‰ he), ic eom Secgena leÛd,
25 "wrecca wÓde c˚. Fela ic we·na geb‚d,
"heardra hilda; ˛e is gyt her witod,
"sw‰er ˛u sylf tÙ me sÍcean wylle."
fi‚ w‰s on wealle w‰l-slihta gehlyn,
sceolde cÍlod bord cÍnum on handa
30 b‚n-helm berstan. Buruh-˛elu dynede,
Ù ˛‰t ‰t ˛Êre g˚e G‚rulf gecrang,
ealra Êrest eor-b˚endra,
G˚l‚fes sunu; ymbe hine gÙdra fela.
Hwearf flacra hrÊw hr‰fn, wandrode
35 sweart and sealo-br˚n; swurd-leÛma stÙd
swylce eal Finns-buruh f˝renu wÊre.
Ne gefr‰gn ic nÊfre wurlÓcor ‰t wera hilde
sixtig sige-beorna sÍl gebÊran,
ne nÊfre sw‚nas swÍtne medo sÍl forgyldan,
40 ˛onne Hn‰fe guldon his h‰g-stealdas.
Hig fuhton fÓf dagas, sw‚ hyra n‚n ne feÛl
driht-gesÓa, ac hig ˛‚ duru heÛldon.
fi‚ gew‚t him wund h‰le on w‰g gangan,
sÊde ˛‰t his byrne ‚brocen wÊre,
45 here-sceorpum hrÙr, and e·c w‰s his helm ˛yrl.
fi‚ hine sÙna fr‰gn folces hyrde,
h˚ ˛‚ wÓgend hyra wunda genÊson
oe hw‰er ˛Êra hyssa . . . . . . .

LIST OF NAMES; NOTES; AND GLOSSARY.

ABBREVIATIONS

m.: masculine.
f.: feminine.
n.: neuter.
nom., gen.: nominative, genitive, etc.
w.: weak.
w. v.: weak verb.
st.: strong.
st. v.: strong verb.
I., II., III.: first, second, third person.
comp.: compound.
imper.: imperative.
w.: with.
instr.: instrumental.
G. and Goth.: Gothic.
O.N.: Old Norse.
O.S.: Old Saxon.
O.H.G.: Old High German.
M.H.G.: Middle High German.

The vowel ‰ = _a_ in _glad_ }
The diphthong Ê = _a_ in _hair_ } approximately.

The names Leo, Bugge, Rieger, etc., refer to authors of emendations.

Words beginning with ge- will be found under their root-word.

Obvious abbreviations, like subj., etc., are not included in this list.

LIST OF NAMES.

Abel, Cain's brother, 108.

ƒlf-here (gen. ƒlf-heres, 2605), a kinsman of WÓgl‚f's, 2605.

ƒsc-here, confidential adviser of King HrÙg‚r (1326), older brother of
Yrmenl‚f (1325), killed by Grendel's mother, 1295, 1324, 2123.

B‚n-st‚n, father of Breca, 524.

BeÛ-wulf, son of Scyld, king of the Danes, 18, 19. After the death of his
father, he succeeds to the throne of the Scyldings, 53. His son is
Healfdene, 57.

BeÛ-wulf (BiÛwulf, 1988, 2390; gen. BeÛwulfes, 857, etc., BiÛwulfes, 2195,
2808, etc.; dat. BeÛwulfe, 610, etc., BiÛwulfe, 2325, 2843), of the race of
the Ge·tas. His father is the WÊgmunding Ecg˛eÛw (263, etc.); his mother a
daughter of HrÍel, king of the Ge·tas (374), at whose court he is brought
up after his seventh year with HrÍel's sons, Herebeald, HÊcyn, and
Hygel‚c, 2429 ff. In his youth lazy and unapt (2184 f., 2188 f.); as man he
attains in the gripe of his hand the strength of thirty men, 379. Hence his
victories in his combats with bare hands (711 ff., 2502 ff.), while fate
denies him the victory in the battle with swords, 2683 f. His
swimming-match with Breca in his youth, 506 ff. Goes with fourteen Ge·tas
to the assistance of the Danish king, HrÙg‚r, against Grendel, 198 ff. His
combat with Grendel, and his victory, 711 ff., 819 ff. He is, in
consequence, presented with rich gifts by HrÙg‚r, 1021 ff. His combat with
Grendel's mother, 1442 ff. Having again received gifts, he leaves HrÙg‚r
(1818-1888), and returns to Hygel‚c, 1964 ff.--After Hygel‚c's last battle
and death, he flees alone across the sea, 2360 f. In this battle he crushes
D‰ghrefn, one of the H˚gas, to death, 2502 f. He rejects at the same time
Hygel‚c's kingdom and the hand of his widow (2370 ff.), but carries on the
government as guardian of the young HeardrÍd, son of Hygel‚c, 2378 ff.
After HeardrÍd's death, the kingdom falls to BeÛwulf, 2208,
2390.--Afterwards, on an expedition to avenge the murdered HeardrÍd, he
kills the Scylfing, E·dgils (2397), and probably conquers his country.
--His fight with the drake, 2539 ff. His death, 2818. His burial, 3135 ff.

Breca (acc. Brecan, 506, 531), son of Be·nst‚n, 524. Chief of the
Brondings, 521. His swimming-match with BeÛwulf, 506 ff.

Brondingas (gen. Brondinga, 521), Breca, their chief, 521.

Brosinga mene, corrupted from, or according to M¸llenhoff, written by
mistake for, Breosinga mene (O.N., Brisinga men, cf. Haupts Zeitschr. XII.
304), collar, which the Brisingas once possessed.

Cain (gen. Caines, 107): descended from him are Grendel and his kin, 107,
1262 ff.

D‰g-hrefn (dat. D‰ghrefne, 2502), a warrior of the H˚gas, who, according to
2504-5, compared with 1203, and with 1208, seems to have been the slayer of
King Hygel‚c, in his battle against the allied Franks, Frisians, and H˚gas.
Is crushed to death by BeÛwulf in a hand-to-hand combat, 2502 ff.

Dene (gen. Dena, 242, etc., Denia, 2126, Deniga, 271, etc.; dat. Denum,
768, etc.), as subjects of Scyld and his descendants, they are also called
Scyldings; and after the first king of the East Danes, Ing (Runenlied, 22),
Ing-wine, 1045, 1320. They are also once called HrÍmen, 445. On account of
their renowned warlike character, they bore the names G‚r-Dene, 1, 1857,
Hring-Dene (Armor-Danes), 116, 1280, Beorht-Dene, 427, 610. The great
extent of this people is indicated by their names from the four quarters of
the heavens: E·st-Dene, 392, 617, etc., West-Dene, 383, 1579, S˚-Dene,
463, Nor-Dene, 784.--Their dwelling-place "in Scedelandum," 19, "on
Scedenigge," 1687, "be sÊm tweÛnum," 1686.

Ecg-l‚f (gen. Ecgl‚fes, 499), H˚nfer's father, 499.

Ecg-˛eÛw (nom. Ecg˛eÛw, 263, Ecg˛eÛ, 373; gen. Ecg˛eÛwes, 529, etc.,
Ecg˛iÛwes, 2000), a far-famed hero of the Ge·tas, of the house of the
WÊgmundings. BeÛwulf is the son of Ecg˛eÛw, by the only daughter of HrÍel,
king of the Ge·tas, 262, etc. Among the Wylfings, he has slain Heaol‚f
(460), and in consequence he goes over the sea to the Danes (463), whose
king, HrÙg‚r, by means of gold, finishes the strife for him, 470.

Ecg-wela (gen. Ecg-welan, 1711). The Scyldings are called his descendants,
1711. Grein considers him the founder of the older dynasty of Danish kings,
which closes with HeremÙd. See HeremÙd.

Elan, daughter of Healfdene, king of the Danes, (?) 62. According to the
restored text, she is the wife of Ongen˛eÛw, the Scylfing, 62, 63.

Earna-n‰s, the Eagle Cape in the land of the Ge·tas, where occurred
BeÛwulf's fight with the drake, 3032.

E·dgils (dat. E·dgilse, 2393), son of ‘hthere, and grandson of Ongen˛eÛw,
the Scylfing, 2393. His older brother is

E·nmund (gen. E·nmundes, 2612). What is said about both in our poem
(2201-2207, 2380-2397, 2612-2620) is obscure, but the following may be
conjectured:--

The sons of ‘hthere, E·nmund and E·dgils, have rebelled against their
father (2382), and must, in consequence, depart with their followers from
SwiÛrÓce, 2205-6, 2380. They come into the country of the Ge·tas to
HeardrÍd (2380), but whether with friendly or hostile intent is not stated;
but, according to 2203 f., we are to presume that they came against
HeardrÍd with designs of conquest. At a banquet (on feorme; or feorme, MS.)
HeardrÍd falls, probably through treachery, by the hand of one of the
brothers, 2386, 2207. The murderer must have been E·nmund, to whom,
according to 2613, "in battle the revenge of Weohst‚n brings death."
Weohst‚n takes revenge for his murdered king, and exercises upon E·nmund's
body the booty-right, and robs it of helm, breastplate, and sword
(2616-17), which the slain man had received as gifts from his uncle, Onela,
2617-18. But Weohst‚n does not speak willingly of this fight, although he
has slain Onela's brother's son, 2619-20.--After HeardrÍd's and E·nmund's
death, the descendant of Ongen˛eÛw, E·dgils, returns to his home, 2388. He
must give way before BeÛwulf, who has, since HeardrÍd's death, ascended the
throne of the Ge·tas, 2390. But BeÛwulf remembers it against him in after
days, and the old feud breaks out anew, 2392-94. E·dgils makes an invasion
into the land of the Ge·tas (2394-95), during which he falls at the hands
of BeÛwulf, 2397. The latter must have then obtained the sovereignty over
the Sweonas (3005-6, where only the version, Scylfingas, can give a
satisfactory sense).

Eofor (gen. Eofores, 2487, 2965; dat. Jofore, 2994, 2998), one of the
Ge·tas, son of WonrÍd and brother of Wulf (2965, 2979), kills the Swedish
king, Ongen˛eÛw (2487 ff., 2978-82), for which he receives from King
Hygel‚c, along with other gifts, his only daughter in marriage, 2994-99.

Eormen-rÓc (gen. EormenrÓces, 1202), king of the Goths (cf. about him, W.
Grimm, Deutsche Heldensage, p. 2, ff.). H‚ma has wrested the Brosinga mene
from him, 1202.

EomÊr, son of Offa and firyo (cf. firyo), 1961.

Finn (gen. Finnes, 1069, etc.; dat. Finne, 1129), son of Folcwalda (1090),
king of the North Frisians, i.e. of the Eotenas, husband of Hildeburg, a
daughter of HÙc, 1072, 1077. He is the hero of the inserted poem on the
Attack in Finnsburg, the obscure incidents of which are, perhaps, as
follows: In Finn's castle, Finnsburg, situated in Jutland (1126-28), the
HÙcing, Hn‰f, a relative--perhaps a brother--of Hildeburg is spending some
time as guest. Hn‰f, who is a liegeman of the Danish king, Healfdene, has
sixty men with him (Finnsburg, 38). These are treacherously attacked one
night by Finn's men, 1073. For five days they hold the doors of their
lodging-place without losing one of their number (Finnsburg, 41, 42). Then,
however, Hn‰f is slain (1071), and the Dane, Hengest, who was among Hn‰f's
followers, assumes the command of the beleaguered band. But on the
attacking side the fight has brought terrible losses to Finn's men. Their
numbers are diminished (1081 f.), and Hildeburg bemoans a son and a brother
among the fallen (1074 f., cf. 1116, 1119). Therefore the Frisians offer
the Danes peace (1086) under the conditions mentioned (1087-1095), and it
is confirmed with oaths (1097), and money is given by Finn in propitiation
(1108). Now all who have survived the battle go together to Friesland, the
homo proper of Finn, and here Hengest remains during the winter, prevented
by ice and storms from returning home (Grein). But in spring the feud
breaks out anew. G˚l‚f and Osl‚f avenge Hn‰f's fall, probably after they
have brought help from home (1150). In the battle, the hall is filled with
the corpses of the enemy. Finn himself is killed, and the queen is captured
and carried away, along with the booty, to the land of the Danes,
1147-1160.

Finna land. BeÛwulf reaches it in his swimming-race with Breca, 580.

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