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A Study of Association in Insanity by Grace Helen Kent

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Baby--pipe............13
Moon--star............
Scissors--sharp.......
Quiet--noisy..........
Green--blue...........
Salt--yellow..........13
Street--green.........14
King--purple..........14
Cheese--axe...........19
Blossom--handle.......19
Afraid--barn..........19

CONSECUTIVE No. 255.--State hospital attendant. Efficient, but
unusually taciturn and seclusive. Sound reactions.

Table--linen..........
Dark--sunshine........17
Music--song...........
Sickness--Saturday....19
Man--manager..........10
Deep--dark............
Soft--sorrowful.......10
Eating--eighty........10
Mountain--miner.......19
House--heart..........19
Black--blue...........
Mutton--mountain......10
Comfort--company......17
Hand--happy...........10
Short--slow...........17
Fruit--froth..........10
Butterfly--butter.....10
Smooth--smoke.........10
Command--company......
Chair--chap...........10
Sweet--slow...........15
Whistle--whip.........10
Woman--worried........19
Cold--cow.............10
Slow--slap............10
Wish--water...........
River--rubbed.........19
White--wash...........
Beautiful--bounty.....10
Window--light.........
Rough--roguish........19
Citizen--sight-seeing.19
Foot--fool............10
Spider--span..........10
Needle--work.......... 1
Red--robe.............19
Sleep--soap...........10
Anger--angel..........19
Carpet--carriage......19
Girl--guide...........19
High--heart...........10
Working--worthy.......10
Sour--satchel.........19
Earth--early..........10
Trouble--trout........19
Soldier--socket.......19
Cabbage--currant......17
Hard--harmful.........10
Eagle--early..........15
Stomach--stable.......19
Stem--stand...........10
Lamp--light...........
Dream--drunk..........10
Yellow--lustre........19
Bread--brand..........10
Justice--judgment.....
Boy--butter...........15
Light--love...........19
Health--help..........10
Bible--book...........
Memory--mental........
Sheep--shop...........10
Bath--bandage.........10
Cottage--cot..........10
Swift--swan...........10
Blue--black...........10
Hungry--height........19
Priest--house.........
Ocean--apple..........19
Head--heart...........
Stove--strap..........10
Long--love............15
Religion--belief......
Whiskey--whisk broom..10
Child--chap...........10
Bitter--butter........10
Hammer--habit.........19
Thirsty--thirty.......10
City--soap............15
Square--squirrel......10
Butter--bank..........19
Doctor--dentist.......
Loud--laugh...........
Thief--thump..........19
Lion--lump............19
Joy--jump.............19
Bed--bank.............15
Heavy--happy..........10
Tobacco--tub..........19
Baby--bundle..........
Moon--mantle..........10
Scissors--Saturday....15
Quiet--quarter........10
Green--drought........19
Salt--Saturday........10
Street--straight......
King--cattle..........19
Cheese--captain.......19
Blossom--bandage......15
Afraid--flattered.....10

CONSECUTIVE No. 442.--Nothing abnormal has ever been suspected in the
case of this subject; mother eccentric; sister insane. Sound
reactions.

Table--stable.........
Dark--dreary..........
Music--joy............
Sickness--silliness...10
Man--manner...........10
Deep--dreary..........15
Soft--sooth...........19
Eating--evening.......10
Mountain--morning.....18
House--help...........19
Black--dark...........
Mutton--mitten........10
Comfort--come.........10
Hand--handsome........10
Short--small.......... 1
Fruit--first..........10
Butterfly--butter.....10
Smooth--sooth.........10
Command--come.........
Chair--air............10
Sweet--good........... 1
Whistle--music........
Woman--wonder.........19
Cold--freezing........
Slow--snow............10
Wish--wind............10
River--riffle......... 3
White--wait...........10
Beautiful--handsome...
Window--light.........
Rough--harsh..........
Citizen--city.........
Foot--walk............
Spider--creep.........
Needle--needless......10
Red--color............
Sleep--sleet..........10
Anger--rough..........
Carpet--carpenter.....10
Girl--going...........19
High--air.............
Working--toiling......
Sour--shower..........10
Earth--eating.........19
Trouble--loneliness...17
Soldier--solid........10
Cabbage--carrying.....19
Hard--hardly.......... 8
Eagle--eating.........10
Stomach--starch.......10
Stem--step............ 2
Lamp--glass...........
Dream--dreary.........
Yellow--yonder........12
Bread--bed............10
Justice--juice........10
Boy--ball.............
Light--likeness.......10
Health--help..........10
Bible--book...........
Memory--memorial...... 2
Sheep--sleep..........
Bath--battle..........10
Cottage--cotton.......10
Swift--fast...........
Blue--blind...........10
Hungry--hurry.........10
Priest--prince........10
Ocean--over...........12
Head--large........... 1
Stove--stone..........10
Long--heavy...........19
Religion--goodness.... 1
Whiskey--strong.......
Child--small.......... 1
Bitter--butter........10
Hammer--hard..........
Thirsty--thrifty......10
City--seeing..........10
Square--squirrel......10
Butter--bitter........10
Doctor--dark..........10
Loud--noisy...........
Thief--stealing.......
Lion--eating..........
Joy--joyous........... 8
Bed--sleep............
Heavy--weightful...... 4
Tobacco--cocoa........10
Baby--boys............ 2
Moon--moo............. 3
Scissors--successors..10
Quiet--easy...........
Green--grass..........
Salt--simmer..........19
Street--steep.........10
King--kingdom.........
Cheese--squeeze.......10
Blossom--blooming.....
Afraid--Africa........10

CONSECUTIVE No. 3l4.--School teacher. Efficient; described as very
silent. Unclassified reactions, due mostly to distraction.

Table--cat............19
Dark--no..............12
Music--will...........19
Sickness--chair.......19
Man--table............ 6
Deep--floor...........14
Soft--paper........... 6
Eating--wood..........19
Mountain--chair.......15
House--Window.........
Black--wall...........
Mutton--sky...........19
Comfort--air..........18
Hand--table...........
Short--paper.......... 6
Fruit--sweeping.......19
Butterfly--room.......18
Smooth--working....... 2
Command--stone........19
Chair--machine........19
Sweet--radiator.......19
Whistle--clock........19
Woman--cane...........19
Cold--flower..........19
Slow--cord............19
Wish--marriage........ 2
River--chimney........19
White--wheel..........19
Beautiful--cane.......15
Window--pot...........19
Rough--grass..........19
Citizen--paper........
Foot--closet..........19
Spider--awning........19
Needle--good.......... 9
Red--bad.............. 9
Sleep--hinge..........19
Anger--will...........15
Carpet--paper......... 6
Girl--chair...........15
High--table........... 6
Working--cane.........15
Sour--floor...........15
Earth--ceiling........18
Trouble--chain........19
Soldier--desk.........19
Cabbage--paper........
Hard--table...........
Eagle--flower.........15
Stomach--match........19
Stem--match...........
Lamp--table...........
Dream--chair..........14
Yellow--cane..........18
Bread--flour..........
Justice--peace........
Boy--window...........15
Light--wall...........18
Health--floor.........18
Bible--house..........18
Memory--paper......... 6
Sheep--dress..........19
Bath--clothes.........18
Cottage--earth........19
Swift--sky............18
Blue--trees...........19
Hungry--leaves........18
Priest--bark..........18
Ocean--boat...........
Head--hat.............
Stove--ashes..........17
Long--short...........
Religion--peace.......
Whiskey--bottle.......
Child--dress..........
Bitter--sour..........
Hammer--teeth.........19
Thirsty--dry..........
City--good............ 1
Square--wood..........
Butter--best..........10
Doctor--shoes.........19
Loud--music...........
Thief--notes.......... 2
Lion--strings.........19
Joy--happy............ 1
Bed--wish.............13
Heavy--lead...........
Tobacco--plant........
Baby--good............ 1
Moon--paper........... 6
Scissors--straw.......19
Quiet--hoop...........19
Green--rope...........19
Salt--dish............
Street--dirt..........
King--bucket..........19
Cheese--plate.........
Blossom--plant........
Afraid--sweeping......15

CONSECUTIVE No. 216.--State hospital attendant. Incompetent, dull.
Numerous non-specific reactions.

Table--rolling........19
Dark--swim............19
Music--playing........
Sickness--riding......19
Man--walk.............
Deep--singing.........19
Soft--light...........
Eating--sleep.........
Mountain--low.........
House--small.......... 1
Black--dark...........
Mutton--lean..........19
Comfort--good......... 1
Hand--small........... 1
Short--small.......... 1
Fruit--taste..........
Butterfly--beautiful.. 1
Smooth--long.......... 6
Command--immediate.... 2
Chair--small.......... 6
Sweet--clear..........19
Whistle--long.........
Woman--small.......... 1
Cold--long............ 6
Slow--write........... 2
Wish--quick...........10
River--long...........
White--clean..........
Beautiful--nice....... 1
Window--big...........19
Rough--bad............ 1
Citizen--short........19
Foot--small........... 1
Spider--small......... 1
Needle--small......... 1
Red--dark.............
Sleep--easy...........
Anger--bad............ 1
Carpet--small......... 1
Girl--short...........15
High--long............
Working--good......... 1
Sour--bad............. 1
Earth--large.......... 1
Trouble--bad.......... 1
Soldier--good......... 1
Cabbage--small........ 6
Hard--apples..........
Eagle--small.......... 6
Stomach--good......... 1
Stem--short...........
Lamp--bright..........
Dream--good........... 1
Yellow--light.........
Bread--good........... 1
Justice--good......... 1
Boy--small............ 1
Light--clear..........
Health--good.......... 1
Bible--true...........
Memory--good.......... 1
Sheep--many...........
Bath--good............ 1
Cottage--large........ 1
Swift--fast...........
Blue--dark............
Hungry--long.......... 6
Priest--true..........19
Ocean--wide...........
Head--large........... 1
Stove--black..........
Long--wide............
Religion--good........ 1
Whiskey--strong.......
Child--small.......... 1
Bitter--bad........... 1
Hammer--small......... 1
Thirsty--bad.......... 1
City--big.............
Square--long..........
Butter--good.......... 1
Doctor--good.......... 1
Loud--hearty..........19
Thief--bad............ 1
Lion--bad............. 5
Joy--happy............ 1
Bed--easy.............
Heavy--stone..........
Tobacco--strong.......
Baby--small........... 1
Moon--large........... 1
Scissors--sharp.......
Quiet--baby...........
Green--dark...........
Salt--strong..........10
Street--wide..........
King--high............
Cheese--good.......... 1
Blossom--apples.......
Afraid--he............12

CONSECUTIVE No. 318.--School boy. Non-specific reactions.

Table--board..........
Dark--night...........
Music--sound..........
Sickness--pleasantness 9
Man--people........... 1
Deep--river...........
Soft--cat............. 2
Eating--pleasantness.. 1
Mountain--high........
House--home...........
Black--dark...........
Mutton--good.......... 1
Comfort--pleasure..... 1
Hand--foot............
Short--little.........
Fruit--good........... 1
Butterfly--pretty..... 1
Smooth--soft..........
Command--go...........
Chair--sit............
Sweet--good........... 1
Whistle--noise........
Woman--pretty......... 1
Cold--bad............. 1
Slow--quick...........
Wish--good............ 1
River--deep...........
White--snow...........
Beautiful--pretty..... 1
Window--look..........
Rough--even...........
Citizen--good......... 1
Foot--hand............
Spider--bite..........
Needle--sharp.........
Red--crimson..........
Sleep--wake...........
Anger--mad............
Carpet--floor.........

Girl--good............ 1
High--tall............
Working--sleep........
Sour--bad............. 1
Earth--ground.........
Trouble--bad.......... 1
Soldier--good......... 1
Cabbage--bad.......... 6
Hard--soft............
Eagle--bird...........
Stomach--ache.........
Stem--slender.........
Lamp--light...........
Dream--good........... 1
Yellow--pretty........ 1
Bread--good........... 1
Justice--good......... 1
Boy--fun..............
Light--see............
Health--happiness..... 1
Bible--good........... 1
Memory--good.......... 1
Sheep--pretty......... 1
Bath--good............ 1
Cottage--pretty....... 1
Swift--quick..........
Blue--yellow..........
Hungry--eat...........
Priest--good..........
Ocean--big............
Head--little..........15
Stove--hot............
Long--distance........
Religion--good........ 1
Whiskey--bad.......... 1
Child--cute...........
Bitter--good.......... 1
Hammer--hard..........
Thirsty--hard......... 5
City--good............ 6
Square--round.........
Butter--soft..........
Doctor--good.......... 1
Loud--noisy...........
Thief--good........... 6
Lion--big.............
Joy--good............. 1
Bed--comfortable......
Heavy--light..........
Tobacco--bad.......... 1
Baby--pretty.......... 1
Moon--cute............13
Scissors--sharp.......
Quiet--loud...........
Green--pretty......... 1
Salt--good............ 1
Street--narrow........
King--good............ 6
Cheese--good.......... 1
Blossom--pretty....... 1
Afraid--scared........

CONSECUTIVE NO. 234.--School boy. Non-specific reactions.

Table--chair..........
Dark--cold............
Music--sweet..........
Sickness--hard........
Man--wise.............19
Deep--dark............
Soft--sweet...........
Eating--drinking......
Mountain--snow........
House--great.......... 9
Black--horse..........
Mutton--good.......... 1
Comfort--health.......
Hand--foot............
Short--fat............
Fruit--good........... 1
Butterfly--pretty.....
Smooth--hard..........
Command--general......
Chair--soft...........
Sweet--good........... 1
Whistle--loud.........
Woman--large.......... 1
Cold--dreary..........
Slow--hard............
Wish--fairy...........
River--large.......... 1
White--snow...........
Beautiful--woman...... 1
Window--large......... 1
Rough--hard...........
Citizen--good......... 1
Foot--small........... 1
Spider--ugly..........
Needle--thick.........
Red--cow..............17
Sleep--dreams.........
Anger--very...........12
Carpet--pretty........ 1
Girl--small........... 1
High--tree............
Working--hard.........
Sour--bitter..........
Earth--great.......... 1
Trouble--hard.........
Soldier--brave........
Cabbage--good......... 1
Hard--stone...........
Eagle--great.......... 9
Stomach--weak.........
Stem--watch...........
Lamp--pretty.......... 9
Dream--sweet..........
Yellow--buttercup.....
Bread--flour..........
Justice--man.......... 1
Boy--gun..............
Light--bright.........
Health--care.......... 2
Bible--holy...........
Memory--poor..........
Sheep--pretty......... 1
Bath--nice............ 1
Cottage--low..........
Swift--stream.........
Blue--bluebird........ 2
Hungry--tired.........
Priest--church........
Ocean--water..........
Head--large........... 1
Stove--fire...........
Long--snake...........
Religion--Jesus.......
Whiskey--temperance...
Child--healthy........19
Bitter--apple.........
Hammer--nail..........
Thirsty--water........
City--houses..........
Square--desk..........
Butter--yellow........
Doctor--medicine......
Loud--harse...........
Thief--wicked.........
Lion--fierce..........
Joy--happiness........ 1
Bed--rest.............
Heavy--stone..........
Tobacco--dirty........
Baby--small........... 1
Moon--sky.............
Scissors--sharp.......
Quiet--lonely.........
Green--sour...........
Salt--cows............19
Street--people........ 1
King--rich............19
Cheese--yellow........
Blossom--pretty....... 1
Afraid--fear..........

CONSECUTIVE No. 809.--Lawyer. 28 individual reactions, of which 14 are
classed as normal; 10 are unclassified, most of which are also
obviously normal.

Table--chair.............
Dark--candle............ 17
Music--girl..............
Sickness--doctor.........
Man--woman............... 1
Deep--swimming...........19
Soft--hand...............
Eating--Reisenweber......17
Mountain--Kipling........19
House--mortgage..........17
Black--spectrum..........19
Mutton--pig..............
Comfort--chair...........
Hand--ring...............
Short--tall..............
Fruit--banana............
Butterfly--color.........
Smooth--sphere...........17
Command--soldier.........
Chair--teacher...........10
Sweet--apple.............
Whistle--policeman.......
Woman--hat...............
Cold--thermometer........19
Slow--invalid............
Wish--million............
River--Hudson............
White--Broadway..........19
Beautiful--girl..........
Window--school...........
Rough--ball..............19
Citizen--justice.........
Foot--shoe...............
Spider--insect...........
Needle--tailor...........17
Red--flannel.............
Sleep--potassium bromide.17
Anger--teacher...........
Carpet--tack.............
Girl--belt...............17
High--pole...............
Working--laborer.........
Sour--apple..............
Earth--Columbus..........
Trouble--lawyer..........19
Soldier--gun.............
Cabbage--plantation...... 2
Hard--brick..............
Eagle--feathers..........
Stomach--juice...........17
Stem--leaf...............
Lamp--light..............
Dream--pillow............17
Yellow--lemon............
Bread--crust.............
Justice--judge...........
Boy--pants...............
Light--gas...............
Health--medicine.........
Bible--Jacob.............17
Memory--brain............
Sheep--wool..............
Bath--soap...............
Cottage--rod.............19
Swift--ball..............
Blue--sky................
Hungry--I................
Priest--surplice.........
Ocean--ship..............
Head--hair...............
Stove--shovel............17
Long--pole...............
Religion--Abraham........19
Whiskey--Kentucky........17
Child--baby..............
Bitter--pepper...........
Hammer--nail.............
Thirsty--lemonade........
City--Manhattan..........17
Square--Washington.......
Butter--salt.............
Doctor--nurse............
Loud--hammer.............
Thief--jewelry...........
Lion--Androcles..........18
Joy--automobile..........
Bed--shoes...............15
Heavy--Flannigan.........19
Tobacco--pipe............
Baby--wife...............
Moon--man................ 1
Scissors--cut............
Quiet--demure............
Green--eyes..............
Salt--cellar.............
Street--Wall.............17
King--Edward.............
Cheese--Roquefort........
Blossom--field...........
Afraid--burglar..........

Sec. 9. NUMBER OF DIFFERENT WORDS GIVEN AS REACTIONS.

It has been suggested by Fuhrmann [1] that the number of different
words given in response to one hundred selected stimulus words may be
used as "a fairly reliable measure of the intelligence and degree of
education of a patient." The test according to Fuhrmann is applied
twice in every case, the interval between the two sittings being at
least four weeks. "In very intelligent and well educated persons every
100 stimulus words almost always evokes in the first test 95-100
different associations; in the less intelligent and in the
feeble-minded the same associations are more frequently repeated. In
the second test with the same stimulus words--which is really much
more important than the first, since even persons or inferior
intelligence may reach higher numbers in the first test--the
difference in the wealth of the stock of representations becomes
plainly evident: the man of intelligence will not need to draw on the
associations which he gave in the first test, but will produce new
ones; the feeble-minded subject will, on the contrary, repeat to a
greater or lesser extent the associations of the first test." "In
general the associational capacity of an adult person may be taken to
be from 80 per cent to 90 per cent. Should the number sink below 70
per cent the suspicion of a pathological condition must then arise;
and the higher the subject's degree of education the stronger is this
suspicion. In the case of an associational capacity of 60 per cent or
less no doubt of its pathological significance can remain any longer."

[Footnote 1: Diagnostik und Prognostik der Geisteskrankheiten,
p. 93. Leipzig, 1903.]

Our results are not strictly comparable with Fuhrmann's, because we
have obtained but one test record from each subject; it may be said,
however, that the results of a single test in each case do not show
any considerable differences, corresponding to education or age, in
the variety of responses. Further, dementing psychoses, with the
exception of epilepsy, show on the whole no diminution in the number
of different reactions, although in individual cases this number falls
considerably below the general average; and in such cases the
diminution may be dependent upon stereotypy or perseveration, and not
necessarily upon reduction in the stock of representations.

It would appear from our results that pathological mental states are
apt to manifest themselves by a tendency to give reactions belonging
to types of inferior values rather than by diminished variety of
responses.

We show in Table VI. the numbers of different responses given by our
groups of normal and insane subjects, expressed in figures giving for
each group the median and the average.

TABLE VI.

Med. Av.
86 normal subjects, common school education; records
containing not over 10 individual reactions........ 85 84.5
66 normal subjects, collegiate education; records
containing not over 10 individual reactions........ 87 86.5
48 normal subjects, school children; records
containing not over 10 individual reactions........ 87 84.9
53 normal subjects; records containing not under 15
individual reactions............................... 90 88.7
108 cases of dementia praecox............................. 87 84.8
33 cases of paranoic conditions......................... 89 86.5
24 cases of epilepsy.................................... 781/2 75.8
32 cases of general paresis............................. 841/2 82.4
32 cases of manic-depressive insanity................... 87 85.4

Sec. 10. CO-OPERATION OF THE SUBJECT.

In our work with insane subjects we encountered many cases in which we
were unable to obtain satisfactory test records owing to lack of
proper co-operation. Some subjects seemed to be either too confused or
too demented to be capable of understanding and following the
instructions given them. Others were for one reason or another
unwilling to co-operate. It is important to distinguish inability from
unwillingness to co-operate, since the former indicates in itself an
abnormal state of the mind, while the latter is quite often shown by
normal persons.

A subject may co-operate to the extent of giving a single word in
response to each stimulus word, and yet fail to co-operate in some
other particulars.

He may, instead of giving the first word suggested to him by the
stimulus, suppress the first word more or less systematically, and
give some other word which may seem to him more appropriate. This
probably occurs very often, but does not seem to render the results
less serviceable for our purpose.

Further, a subject may react by words related not to the stimulus
words, but to each other, thus simulating perseveration; or he may
react by naming objects within reach of the senses, thus appearing to
be distracted; or he may give only sound reactions.

There is, in fact, no type of pathological reactions which a normal
person may not be able to produce more or less readily at will, though
in the case of incoherent reactions considerable mental effort may be
required, and the end may be attained only by regularly rejecting the
first and some subsequent words which are suggested by the stimulus.

In view of these considerations we are led to conclude that the
association test, as applied by our method, could not be relied upon
as a means of detecting simulation of insanity in malingerers,
criminals, and the like.

Sec. 11. SUMMARY.

The normal range of reaction in response to any of our stimulus words
is largely confined within narrow limits.

The frequency tables compiled from test records given by one
thousand normal subjects comprise over ninety per cent of the
normal range in the average case.

With the aid of the frequency tables and the appendix normal
reactions, with a very few exceptions, can be sharply distinguished
from pathological ones.

The separation of pathological reactions from normal ones simplifies
the task of their analysis, and makes possible the application of a
classification based on objective criteria.

By the application of the association test, according to the method
here proposed, no sharp distinction can be drawn between mental health
and mental disease; a large collection of material shows a gradual and
not an abrupt transition from the normal state to pathological states.

In dementia praecox, some paranoic conditions, manic-depressive
insanity, general paresis, and epileptic dementia the test reveals
some characteristic, though not pathognomonic, associational
tendencies.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.

It is with pleasure that we acknowledge our indebtedness to the many
persons who have assisted us in collecting the data for this work.

About two hundred tests upon normal subjects were made for us by the
following persons: Dr. Frederic Lyman Wells, Dr. Jennie A. Dean, Miss
Lillian Rosanoff, and Miss Madeleine Wehle.

Dr. O. M. Dewing, the late superintendent of the Long Island State
Hospital, and Dr. Chas. W. Pilgrim, superintendent of the Hudson River
State Hospital, have assisted the work by kindly permitting the test
to be made upon employees of these institutions, and we are especially
indebted to Dr. F. W. Parsons for personal assistance in securing the
co-operation of many subjects.

Professor R. S. Woodworth, of Columbia University, extended to us the
courtesy of the Psychological Laboratory during several weeks of the
summer session of 1909, and gave us much assistance in obtaining
interviews with students; we received assistance also from several of
the instructors of Teachers' College, especially Mr. Wm. H. Noyes.

We are indebted to Mr. F.C. Lewis and Mr. W.E. Stark, of the Ethical
Culture School, New York, for permitting us to make the test upon the
pupils of that school.

In the work of compiling the tables we have been assisted by Dr. N.
W. Bartram, Dr. Jennie A. Dean, Mrs. H. M. Kent, and others.

We wish, finally, to express our thanks to Dr. Wm. Austin Macy,
superintendent of this hospital, to whom we are indebted for the
opportunity of undertaking this work.

THE FREQUENCY TABLES.

1. TABLE

accommodation 1
article 3
articles 1

basket 1
bench 9
board 14
book 7
books 5
boy 1
bread 1
breakfast 2
broad 2
brown 1
butter 1

cards 2
celery 1
center 1
chair 267
chairs 7
chemical 1
cloth 57
cockroaches 1
comfort 1
cover 17
cutlery 1

desk 11
dine 2
dining 4
dinner 26
dish 5
dishes 40
dissection 1
dog 1

eat 63
eatables 1
eating 34

ferns 1
fete 1
flat 5
floor 7
food 29
fork 1
form 1
furniture 75

glass 1

hard 9
hat 1
home 2
house 3

ink 1

kitchen 1

lamp 1
large 4
leaf 1
leaves 1
library 1
leg 13
legs 10
linen 2
long 1
low 2

Mabel 1
mahogany 2
mat 1
meal 6
meals 4
meat 2
mess 1

nails 2
napkin 1
number 1

oak 1
object 1
old 1
operating 1
ornament 2

parlor 1
pitcher 1
plate 4
plates 1
plateau 1
polished 1

refreshments 1
rest 3
room 3
round 10

school 1
serviceable 1
set 2
shiny 1
sit 3
sitting 2
slab 1
smooth 1
soup 1
spiritualism 1
spoon 6
spread 2
square 9
stable 1
stand 36
stool 3
straight 1
strong 1
supper 1

tablecloth 1
tea 1
timber 1
top 2
typewriter 1

use 2
useful 3
utensil 1

victuals 2

wagon 1
whist 1
white 1
wire 1
wood 76
wooden 1
work 2
working 1
write 2
writing 6

2. DARK

afraid 6

baby 1
bad 1
barks 1
black 76
blackness 2
blank 1
blind 2
blindness 2
blue 5
board 1
boat 1
bright 15
brightness 4
brown 4

candle 1
cart 1
cat 2
cell 1
cellar 6
close 1
closet 1
cloud 2
clouds 2
cloudy 3
cold 2
color 28
colored 1
colorless 1
coon 1
curly 1

day 1
daylight 1
dead 1
denseness 1
dim 3
dimness 3
dingy 2
dismal 3
dog 1
door 1
dreary 1
dress 4
dungeon 5
dusk 1
dusky 1

evening 4
eye 1
eyes 2

fair 2
fear 6
fearful 1
fearsome 1
fright 2

ghost 1
ghosts 1
gloom 6
gloomy 11
gray 1
green 1
ground 1

hair 5
hall 1
hell 1
hole 1
horse 3
house 2

illumination 1
invisible 2

lamp 1
lantern 1
light 427
lonely 1
lonesome 1
lonesomeness 1

mahogany 1
man 4
mice 1
midnight 1
moon 6
moonlight 1
mysterious 1

nice 1
night 221

oblivion 1
obscure 1

parlor 1
prison 1

red 5
rest 3
room 22

scare 1
shades 1
shadow 2
shadows 1
sky 1
sleep 1
sleeping 1
space 1
starry 1
stars 2
stillness 1
storm 1
stumbling 1
subject 1
sunlight 1

thunder 1
tree 1
twilight 1

unseen 1

walk 1
weather 3
white 9
woods 1

3. MUSIC

accordion 1
air 3
amuse 1
amusement 10
art 7
attention 1
attraction 1

band 6
bassviol 1
beautiful 7
beauty 2
Beethoven 7
bell 1
bird 1
birds 1
book 1
books 2
box 2
brightness 1

captivating 1
cats 1
charm 1
charms 1
charming 2
cheerful 2
cheerfulness 2
Chopin 1
chord 1
chords 1
clarinette 1
classic 1
classical 2
composer 2
company 1
concert 2
conductor 1

dance 17
dances 1
dancing 15
delight 1
delightful 2
discord 3
drama 1

ear 3
ecstasy 1
elevating 1
enchantment 1
enjoyable 1
enjoyed 1
enjoyment 13
entertaining 5
entertainment 3
entrancing 1

feeling 1
fiddle 1
fine 2
flowers 1
flute 1
fun 1

gaiety 2
gay 1
genius 1
girl 2
gladness 1
Goethe 1
good 3
guitar 1

hall 2
happiness 5
happy 2
harmonious 1
harmony 45
hear 1
heaven 2
hurdygurdy 1
hymn 1

idealism 1
instrument 21
instruments 5
instrumental 1

jolly 1
joy 11
joyful 1

lesson 1
light 1
line 1
liveliness 1
lonely 1
loud 1
love 2

man 1
meditation 1
melody 24
Mendelsohn 1
Merry Widow 1
Mozart 1
Mr. B. 1
Mrs. E. 1
musician 3
mute 1

nice 6
nocturne 1
noise 16
noisy 1
note 2
notes 17

opera 5
orchestra 5
organ 6

paper 2
pastime 1
piano 180
pianola 2
pitch 1
play 7
playing 8
pleasant 10
pleasantness 1
pleasing 5
pleasure 31
poem 1
poetry 4
practice 1
pretty 4
pupils 1

quiet 1

rack 1
racket 1
rhyme 1
roll 2
room 1

sadness 2
scale 1
Schubert 2
score 1
sheet 5
sheets 1
sing 12
singer 1
singing 48
soft 1
softness 1
solemn 1
song 68
songs 6
soothing 2
sound 95
sounds 2
stool 2
strain 1
strains 2
string 1
study 2
sweet 47
sweetness 6
symphony 4

talent 2
teacher 6
teaching 1
thought 1
time 2
tone 3
town 1
tune 2

violin 21
voice 2

Wagner 3
wavy 1
window 1
words 1
worship 1

Yankee Doodle 1

4. SICKNESS

affliction 1
age 1
ailing 3
ailment 2
air 1
anxiety 1
appendicitis 3
aunt 1

baby 3
bad 15
bed 54
Bertha 1
better 1
body 1
business 1

calamity 1
care 1
child 2
cold 1
condition 1
consumption 3
contagious 2
convalescence 1
convalescing 2
cure 3

danger 1
death 115
dietary 1
diphtheria 8
disability 1
disabled 2

discomfort 3
disease 20
distress 4
doctor 62

dread 1
dreariness 1

enjoyed 1
ether 1
exhaustion 1

family 1
father 3
fear 1
feeble 4
feel 1
feeling 1
fever 9
fevers 1
fracture 1
fright 1

gloom 1
gravel 1
grief 3
grunting 1

hard 2
hatefulness 1
headache 5
health 142
healthy 4
home 2
horrible 1
hospital 9

ill 48
illness 71
incompetence 1
inconvenience 1
indisposition 1
infirmary 1
insanity 1
invalid 2

K. 1

low 1
lying 1

malady 2
man 1
measles 3
medication 1
medicine 30
melancholy 1
mine 1
misery 3
misfortune 3
mother 3

nervousness 2
neuralgis 1
nurse 15
nursing 2

operation 1
oranges 1

pain 56
painful 1
pale 2
patient 7
patients 1
people 1
person 1
physician 7
pill 1
pills 1
plague 1
pleasantness 1
pneumonia 5
poverty 1

quiet 1
quietness 1

recovery 2
relapsing 1
rheumatism 1
room 1

sad 7
sadness 9
serious 2
severe 4
sigh 1
sore 1
sorrow 24
sorry 2
stomach 1
strength 2
suffer 1
suffering 12
summer 1
sympathy 2

terror 1
together 1
trouble 20
trying 1
typhoid 6

uncomfortable 2
unhappiness 1
unhappy 1
unhealthy 1
unpleasant 5
unpleasantness 2
unwell 11

want 1
weak 1
weakness 11
weariness 2
weary 1
well 40
white 1
worried 1

worriment 1

5. MAN

adult 2
affection 1
age 1
alive 1
animal 12
animals 1
animate 1
appearance 2

baby 1
bad 2
beard 1
beast 2
being 19
biped 3
blond 1
body 3
boy 44
brain 1
bright 1
brightness 1
brother 8
brotherhood 1
brute 1
bum 1
business 6

cane 3
certain 1
Charles 2
child 10
children 2
Christian 1
clergyman 1
clothes 7
clothing 2
coat 3
comfort 1
companion 1
company 1
coon 1
crank 1
creature 8
cross 1

devil 1
doctor 2
dress 1

educator 1
existence 1

fakir 1
false 1
family 1
father 15
female 3
flesh 2
form 2
fraud 1
Fred 1
friend 2

gentle 1
gentleman 7
girl 6
glacier 1
good 10
greatness 1
grown 1
growth 1

hair 1
hat 7
help 2
home 1
homely 1
horrible 1
horse 4
house 1
human 22
humanity 1
husband 4

individual 1
insane 1
institution 1
intellectual 1
intelligent 1

janitor 1
Joe 1

labor 1
laborer 1
lady 7
large 11
life 4
light 1
limb 1
living 2
lord 1
love 1

machine 1
maiden 1
male 99
mammal 1
manhood 1
mankind 5
manliness 1
manly 2
marriage 1
married 1
masculine 6
mason 1
mind 1
might 1
minister 1
minor 1
misery 1
money 1
monkey 1
Mr. D. 1
Mr. H. 1
Mr. N. 1
Mr. S. 3
muscular 1

N. 1
nature 1
Ned 1
nice 1
noble 3
nuisance 1

out 1

papa 1
passion 1
people 2
person 30
pleasure 1
policeman 2
politician 1
power 5
professor 1
prosperity 1
provider 1

Roosevelt 1
ruler 1

self 1
sex 4
shirt 1
shoes 1
short 1
smoking 1
stern 1
stout 1
street 1
strength 32
strong 8
sweetheart 1

Taft 1
tall 12
thought 1
trousers 6
true 1

unfeminine 1
use 1

V. 1
voter 1

walk 1
wedding 1
whiskers 1
wife 5
wise 1
woman 394
work 17
works 1
worker 1
working 3

young 2

6. DEEP

abyss 3
altitude 1
around 1

below 3
beneath 1
black 1
blue 3
bottom 1
bottomless 1
bowl 1
breath 1
broad 1
brooding 1
brook 1

cave 2
Cayuga 1
chair 1
chasm 2
cellar 1
classic 1
clear 1
cliff 1

danger 3
dangerous 5
dark 28
darkness 4
dense 1
depth 31
depths 1
diameter 1
dig 1
distance 8
ditch 8
doleful 1
down 27
dread 1

earth 1
extension 1

fall 2
falling 3
far 3
fathomless 5
fear 1
full 1

gloomy 1
good 1
gorge 1
great 1
ground 1

heavy 1
height 5
high 37
hole 32
hollow 13

large 8
length 8
level 2
light 4
long 18
low 51

measure 2
mighty 1
mind 1
mine 4

narrow 3

ocean 93
organ 1

philosophy 1
pit 1
pond 1
pool 1
precipice 1
profound 4

ravine 1
reaching 1
river 13
rocks 1

safety 1
scare 1
sea 90
sewer 1
shade 1

shady 1
shallow 180
sharp 1
ship 1
short 1
sincere 1
sink 2
sleep 1
smooth 1
sorrow 1
sound 2
space 6
spacious 2
steep 7
story 1
strong 1
study 1
sunken 1
surface 1
swimming 1

thick 1
thickness 1
thin 1
thinking 2
thought 14
thoughts 2
tranquil 1
trench 1

under 1

valley 1
vast 2

wading 1
water 134
well 44
wet 1
wide 12
width 2

7. SOFT

apple 1

baby 7
ball 2
beautiful 1
bed 12
boiled 1
brain 1
bread 4
breeze 1
butter 12

cake 1
candy 1
care 1
carpet 1
cat 1
cement 1
clay 1
clean 1
cloth 3
clothes 1
coal 2
cold 1
color 2
comfort 2
comfortable 5
comply 1
consistency 1
cotton 28
crabs 1
cream 2
creeping 1
cushion 25

dark 1
dough 1
down 6
dress 1
drink 1

earth 7
ease 1
easy 34
egg 2
eggs 2
eyes 1

feather 2
feathers 24
feathery 1
feel 1
feeling 8
felt 1
fine 5
firm 1
flabby 3
fleece 1
flesh 1
flexible 7
floor 1
fluffy 1
food 2
foolish 1
form 1
fruit 3
fun 1
fur 4

gentle 3
girl 1
glove 1
good 3
grasp 1

Book of the day: