Full Text Archive logoFull Text Archive — Free Classic E-books

A Guide to the Best Historical Novels and Tales by Jonathan Nield

Part 1 out of 3

Adobe PDF icon
Download this document as a .pdf
File size: 0.2 MB
What's this? light bulb idea Many people prefer to read off-line or to print out text and read from the real printed page. Others want to carry documents around with them on their mobile phones and read while they are on the move. We have created .pdf files of all out documents to accommodate all these groups of people. We recommend that you download .pdfs onto your mobile phone when it is connected to a WiFi connection for reading off-line.

This etext was prepared by Donald Lainson, charlie@idirect.com

A Guide to the Best Historical Novels and Tales
by Jonathan Nield

"These historical novels have taught all men this truth, which
looks like a truism, and yet was as good as unknown to writers
of history and others, till so taught: that the bygone ages of
the world were actually filled by living men, not by protocols,
state-papers, controversies, and abstractions of men."

--Carlyle on the Waverley novels.

Contents

Introduction

Pre-Christian Era

First Century

Second Century

Third Century

Fourth Century

Fifth Century

Sixth Century

Seventh Century

Eighth Century

Ninth Century

Tenth Century

Eleventh Century

Twelfth Century

Thirteenth Century

Fourteenth Century

Fifteenth Century

Sixteenth Century

Seventeenth Century

Eighteenth Century

Nineteenth Century

Supplementary List (Semi-Historical)

Suggested Courses of Reading (Juvenile)

Bibliography

INTRODUCTION.

It is not proposed, in these preliminary remarks, to sketch in
detail the origin and growth of the Historical Novel; this has
already been amply done by Professor Saintsbury and others. I
shall be content to approach the subject on its general side,
offering, at the same time, some critical suggestions which will, I
hope, not be without value to readers of Romance.

But, first of all, I must explain how the List which follows came
to be compiled, and the object I have in offering it. For many
years I have been an assiduous reader of novels and tales in which
the historical element appeared, supplementing my own reading in
this direction by a careful study of all that I could find in the
way of Criticism on such works and their writers. Only in this way
could I venture on a selection involving a survey of several
thousand volumes! With the above understanding, I can say that no
book has been inserted without some reason, while I have made all
possible effort to obtain accuracy of description. And this leads
me to remark, that just in this process of selection do I claim
originality for my List. Nearly twenty years ago an excellent
"Descriptive Catalogue of Historical Novels and Tales" was
published; Mr. H. Courthope Bowen was the compiler,* and I would
here mention my indebtedness to him. In Mr. Bowen's list, however,
one finds good and bad alike--all the works of even such moderately
endowed writers as G. P. R. James, Ainsworth, Grant, etc., are
there set down. It seemed to me that, not only was there room for
a new list of Historical Novels (Stevenson, Marion Crawford, Conan
Doyle, Weyman, Mason, and a number of more or less capable
romancists having come forward in the last twenty years), but,
also, that more than ever was there a need for some sort of clue in
the search for such books. In the last year or two there has been
an almost alarming influx in this department of Fiction, and
teachers in schools, besides readers in general, may be glad to be
saved a somewhat tedious investigation.

* "A Descriptive Catalogue of Historical Novels and Tales, for the
use of School Libraries and Teachers of History," compiled and
described by H. Courthope Bowen, M. A. (Edward Stanford, 1882.)

Having thus attempted to justify the existence of my little
"Guide," I pass on to deal with the subject of Historical Fiction
itself. Most of us, I suppose, at one time or another have
experienced a thrill of interest when some prominent personage,
whom we knew well by repute, came before us in the flesh. We
watched his manner, and noted all those shades of expression which
in another's countenance we should have passed by unheeded. Well,
it seems to me that, parallel with this experience, is that which
we gain, when, reading some first-rank romance, we encounter in its
pages a figure with which History has made us more or less
familiar. And I would remark that the great masters do not, as a
rule, make that mistake which less skilful writers fall into--the
mistake of introducing well-known historical figures too
frequently. The Cromwell of "Woodstock" has an element of mystery
about him, even while he stands out before our mental vision in
bold relief. Had Scott brought him more prominently into the plot,
and thus emphasized the fictional aspect of his figure, our
interest in the story, as such, might have been sustained, but we
should have lost that atmosphere of vraisemblance which, under a
more careful reserve, the hand of the master has wrought for us.

But it is not only this introduction of personalities which
constitutes a novel "historical"; the mere allusion to real events,
or the introduction of dates, may give us sufficient ground for
identifying the period with which a novel deals. Of course the
question as to whether a particular person or event is truly
historical, is not always an easy one to answer. By the adaptation
in it of some purely mythical character or event, a novel is no
more constituted "historical" than is a Fairy-tale by the
adaptation of folklore. King Arthur and Robin Hood are
unhistorical, and, if I have ventured to insert in my list certain
tales which deal with the latter, it is not on that account, but
because other figures truly historical (e.g., Richard I.) appear.
As there has been some dispute on this question of the Historical
Novel proper, I offer the following definition:--A Novel is
rendered Historical by the introduction of dates, personages, or
events, to which identification can be readily given. I am quite
aware that certain well-known novels which give the general
atmosphere of a period--such, for example, as Hawthorne's "Scarlet
Letter" and Mr. Hewlett's "Forest Lovers"--do not come within the
scope of my definition; but this is just why I have added a
"Supplementary List" of semi-historical tales. And, while I am
alluding to this "Supplementary List," I should like to give my
reason for omitting from it one remarkable book which has every
claim to be considered representative of the mid-nineteenth
century. Readers of "John Inglesant" may be reminded that in his
interesting preface Mr. Shorthouse alludes to William Smith's
philosophical novel--"Thorndale." As a picture of Thought
developments in the early Victorian period, the latter work has
special historical interest for the philosophical and theological
student; in this respect it may be likened to Pater's "Marius the
Epicurean," which vividly reproduces the Intellectual ferment of an
earlier age. "Thorndale," however, is primarily didactic, and the
philosophical dialogues (interesting as these are to the
metaphysician) hardly atone to the general reader for an almost
entire absence of plot. The above is, doubtless, an altogether
extreme instance, but the exclusion of several other works from the
category of Romance seems to follow on something like the same
grounds. Becker's "Charicles" and "Gallus" are little more than
school textbooks, while, turning to a less scholarly quarter,
Ainsworth's "Preston Fight," and even his better-known "Guy
Fawkes," may be cited as illustrating what Mr. Shorthouse means
when he speaks of novels "in which a small amount of fiction has
been introduced simply for the purpose of relating History." In
all such cases the average novel-reader feels that he has been
allured on false pretences. I am well aware that not a few of the
books included in my List might be considered to fall under the
same ban, but I think it will be found that in most of them there
is at least a fair attempt to arouse narrative interest.

Coming to the List itself, it will be noticed that I have been
somewhat sparing in the books given under the "Pre-Christian"
heading. Novels dealing with these very far-off times are apt to
be unsatisfactory; the mist in which events and personages are
enveloped, takes away from that appearance of reality which is the
great charm of the historical novel. We are hardly concerned, in
reading "Sarchedon" and similar books, to get away from the purely
imaginary pictures which spring from the Novelist's own brain, and
the danger is that the very elements which add to our interest in
the tale as such, will go far to mislead us in our conception of
the period dealt with. There is none of that sense of familiarity
which we enjoy when reading a sixteenth or seventeenth century
romance; in the latter case, the historical background, being
easily perceptible, merges for us with the creations of the
author's own imagination. Where the writer of an "ancient" romance
happens to be a scholar like Ebers, we feel that--so far at least
as historical presentment goes--we cannot be far wrong, but the
combination of great scholarship and narrative capacity is, alas,
too rare!

I have likewise refrained from giving many tales dealing with
Early-Christian times. We are here, it must be admitted, on
controversial ground, and under the First Century heading I have
endeavoured to insert romances of the highest quality only. For
instance, I think that Dr. Abbott's "Philochristus" and Wallace's
"Ben Hur" ought to satisfy two different types of readers. And
this is the place, doubtless, to say that in my lists will be found
books of widely differing merit and aim. School teachers, and
others in like capacity, will easily discriminate between authors
suitable for juvenile or untrained tastes, and authors whose appeal
is specially to those of maturer thought and experience. Differing
as much in method and style as in choice of period and character
type, Thackeray's "Vanity Fair" and George Eliot's "Romola" have at
least this in common--they require a very high degree of
intelligence for their due appreciation. Who, among those of us
with any knowledge of such works, would dream of recommending them
to a youthful reader fresh from the perusal of Miss Yonge's "Little
Duke," or Captain Marryatt's "Children of the New Forest"?

Naturally in a list of this kind there is bound to be very great
inequality; certain periods have been wholly ignored by writers of
the first rank, while in others we have something like an embarras
de richesse. Consequently, I have been compelled, here and there,
to insert authors of only mediocre merit. In other cases, again, I
have not hesitated to omit works by writers of acknowledged
position when these have seemed below the author's usual standard,
and where no gap had to be filled. I would instance the James II.-
William III. period. Here Stanley Weyman and "Edna Lyall" might
have been represented, but, there being no dearth of good novels
dealing with both the above reigns, I did not deem it advisable to
call in these popular writers at the point which has been very
generally considered their lowest. I mention this to show that
omissions do not necessarily mean ignorance, though, in covering
such an immense ground, I cannot doubt that romances worthy of a
place in my list have been overlooked.

I think many will be surprised to find how large a proportion of
our best writers (English and American) have entered the domain of
Historical or Semi-Historical Romance. Scott, Thackeray, Dickens,
George Eliot, Charlotte Bronte, George Meredith, R. L. Stevenson,
Hawthorne, Peacock, Charles Kingsley, Henry Kingsley, Charles
Reade, Anthony Trollope, Mrs. Gaskell, Walter Besant, Lytton,
Disraeli, J. H. Newman, J. A. Froude, and Walter Pater--these are a
few of the names which appear in the following pages; while
Tolstoy, Dumas, Balzac, George Sand, Victor Hugo, De Vigny, Prosper
Merimee, Flaubert, Theophile Gautier, Freytag, Scheffel, Hauff,
Auerbach, Manzoni, Perez Galdos, Merejkowski, Topelius,
Sienkiewicz, and Jokai are, perhaps, the chief amongst those
representing Literatures other than our own.

"The Last Days of Pompeii," "The Gladiators," "Hypatia," "Harold,"
"Ivanhoe," "The Talisman," "Maid Marian," "The Last of the Barons,"
"Quentin Durward," "Romola," "The Cloister and the Hearth," "The
Palace of the King," "Westward Ho!", "Kenilworth," "The Chaplet of
Pearls," "A Gentleman of France," "John Inglesant," "The Three
Musketeers," "Twenty Years After," "Woodstock," "Peveril of the
Peak," "Old Mortality," " The Betrothed Lovers" ("I Promessi
Sposi"), "Lorna Doone," "The Refugees," "In the Golden Days," "The
Courtship of Morice Buckler," "Dorothy Forster," "The Men of the
Moss Hags," "Esmond," "The Virginians," "Heart of Midlothian,"
"Waverley," "The Master of Ballantrae," "Kidnapped," "Catriona,"
"The Chaplain of the Fleet," "The Seats of the Mighty," "Barnaby
Rudge," "A Tale of Two Cities," "War and Peace"--what visions do
these mere titles arouse within many of us! And, though most of
the books given in my list cannot be described in the same glowing
terms as the masterpieces just named, yet many "nests of pleasant
thoughts" may be formed through their companionship.

Hitherto allusion has been mainly in the direction of modern
authors, and I would now say a word or two in regard to those of an
earlier period who are also represented. Defoe, Fielding,
Richardson, Goldsmith, Smollett, Frances Burney, Samuel Lover, John
Galt, Maria Edgeworth, Susan Ferrier, William Godwin, Mary Shelley,
Fennimore Cooper, J. G. Lockhart, Leigh Hunt, Thos. Moore, Harriet
Martineau, J. L. Motley, Horace Smith, Charles Lever, Meadows
Taylor, and Wm. Carleton,--these (in greater or less degree)
notable names were bound to have a place; and, coming to less
distinguished writers, I may mention the brothers Banim, Gerald
Griffin, Mrs. S. C. Hall, Lady Morgan, the sisters Porter, W. G.
Simms, George Croly, Albert Smith, G. R. Gleig, W. H. Maxwell, Sir
Arthur Helps, Eliot Warburton, Lewis Wingfield, Thomas Miller, C.
Macfarlane, Grace Aguilar, Anne Manning, and Emma Robinson (author
of "Whitefriars"). To G. P. R. James, Harrison Ainsworth, and
James Grant I have previously alluded. It has been my endeavour to
choose the best examples of all the above-named novelists--a task
rendered specially difficult in some cases by the fact of immense
literary output. Doubtless not a few of the works so chosen are
open to criticism, but they will at least serve to illustrate
certain stages in the growth of Historical Romance. With the
exclusion of Mrs. Radcliffe, Mrs. Marsh, Mrs. Gore, Lady
Blessington, Lady Fullerton, Mrs. Bray, and Mrs. Child, few will, I
imagine, find fault; but writers like Miss Tucker (A. L. O. E.) and
Miss Emily Holt still find so many readers in juvenile quarters,
that it has required a certain amount of courage to place them also
on my Index Expurgatorius! Turning once again to writers of the
sterner sex, I have ruled out C. R. Maturin, G. W. M. Reynolds, and
Pierce Egan, Junr.; and (quitting the "sensational" for the "mildly
entertaining") out of the Rev. J. M. Neale's many historical tales
I have selected only one--"Theodora Phranza," which, besides being
well written, has the merit of dealing with a somewhat neglected
period. Stories possessing a background of History are to be found
in "Tales from Blackwood," as also in "Wilson's Tales of the
Borders," but their extremely slight character seemed scarcely to
justify insertion; while not even the high literary position
attained by him on other grounds reconciled me to either of Allan
Cunningham's novels--"Sir Michael Scott" and "Paul Jones."

Of the Foreign novelists appearing in my list, several have been
already named, but Marchese D'Azeglio, F. D. Guerrazzi, Cesare
Cantu, "W. Alexis" (G. Haring), H. Laube, Louise Mulbach (Klara M.
Mundt), Nicolas Josika, Viktor Rydberg, Hendrik Conscience, Xavier
B. Saintine, Amedee Achard, and "Erckmann-Chatrian" here call for
notice as not coming under strictly Contemporary classification. I
would forestall the criticism that two writers have been passed
over whose fame is greater than any of those just mentioned, viz.:
"Stendhal" (Henri Beyle) and Alphonse Daudet. Beyle's "La
Chartreuse de Parme," though containing the oft-praised account of
Waterloo, is far more Psychological than Historical; and Daudet's
"Robert Helmont," while it depicts (under Diary form) certain
aspects of the Franco-German War, has hardly any plot running
through it. As the Waterloo and Franco-German War periods were
amply illustrated in numerous other novels of more assured
suitability, I had the less hesitation in deciding against the two
works just named. In the selections from Foreign Historical
Fiction nothing more has been attempted than to include the leading
examples; most of these, it will be found, have been translated
into English.

Before leaving the subject of older writers, it may be mentioned
that not a few of the works chosen to represent them are, at the
moment, out of print. To anyone objecting that something ought to
have been done to indicate this in each separate case, I would urge
that the "out of print" line can never be drawn with precision in
view of constant reprints as well as of further extinctions.

Perhaps this introduction may be most fitly concluded by something
in the nature of apology for Historical Romance itself. Not only
has fault been found with the deficiencies of unskilled authors in
that department, but the question has been asked by one or two
critics of standing--What right has the Historical Novel to exist
at all? More often than not, it is pointed out, the Romancist
gives us a mass of inaccuracies, which, while they mislead the
ignorant (i.e., the majority?), are an unpardonable offence to the
historically-minded reader. Moreover, the writer of such Fiction,
though he be a Thackeray or a Scott, cannot surmount barriers which
are not merely hard to scale, but absolutely impassable. The
spirit of a period is like the selfhood of a human being--something
that cannot be handed on; try as we may, it is impossible for us to
breathe the atmosphere of a bygone time, since all those thousand-
and-one details which went to the building up of both individual
and general experience, can never be reproduced. We consider (say)
the Eighteenth Century from the purely Historical standpoint, and,
while we do so, are under no delusion as to our limitations; we
know that a few of the leading personages and events have been
brought before us in a more or less disjointed fashion, and are
perfectly aware that there is room for much discrepancy between the
pictures so presented to us (be it with immense skill) and the
actual facts as they took place in such and such a year. But, goes
on the objector, in the case of a Historical Romance we allow
ourselves to be hoodwinked, for, under the influence of a pseudo-
historic security, we seem to watch the real sequence of events in
so far as these affect the characters in whom we are interested.
How we seem to live in those early years of the Eighteenth Century,
as we follow Henry Esmond from point to point, and yet, in truth,
we are breathing not the atmosphere of Addison and Steele, but the
atmosphere created by the brilliant Nineteenth Century Novelist,
partly out of his erudite conception of a former period, and partly
out of the emotions and thoughts engendered by that very
environment which was his own, and from which he could not escape!

Well, to all such criticisms it seems to me there are ample
rejoinders. In the first place it must be remembered that History
itself possesses interest for us more as the unfolding of certain
moral and mental developments than as the mere enumeration of
facts. Of course, I am aware that the ideal of the Historian is
Truth utterly regardless of prejudice and inclination, but, as with
all other human ideals, this one is never fully realised, and there
is ever that discrepancy between Fact and its Narration to which I
just now alluded. This being so, I would ask--Is not the writer of
Fiction justified in emphasising those elements of History which
have a bearing on life and character in general? There is,
doubtless, a wise and an unwise method of procedure. One novelist,
in the very effort to be accurate, produces a work which--being
neither History nor Fiction--is simply dull; while another, who has
gauged the true relation between fact and imagination, knows better
than to bring into prominence that which should remain only as a
background. After all, there are certain root motives and
principles which, though they vary indefinitely in their
application, underlie Human Conduct, and are common to all ages
alike. Given a fairly accurate knowledge as regards the general
history of any period, combined with some investigation into its
special manners and customs, there is no reason why a truly
imaginative novelist should not produce a work at once satisfying
to romantic and historical instincts.

Again, if it be true that the novelist cannot reproduce the far
past in any strict sense, it is also true that neither can he so
reproduce the life and events of yesterday. That power of
imaginative memory, which all exercise in daily experience, may be
held in very different degrees, but its enjoyment is not dependent
on accuracy of representation--for, were this so, none of us would
possess it. In an analogous manner the writer of Romance may be
more or less adequately equipped on the side of History pure and
simple, but he need not wait for that which will never come--the
power of reproducing in toto a past age. If, in reading what
purports to be no more than a Novel, the struggle between
Christianity and Paganism (for example), or the unbounded egotism
of Napoleon, be brought more vividly before our minds--and this may
be done by suggestion as well as by exact relation, then, I would
maintain, we are to some extent educated historically, using the
word in a large though perfectly legitimate sense.

I recently read a work which here presents itself as admirably
illustrating my meaning. In her too little known "Adventures of a
Goldsmith" Miss M. H. Bourchier has contrived to bring forcibly
before us the period when Napoleon, fast approaching the zenith of
his power, was known in France as the "First Consul." The "man of
destiny" himself--appearing on the scene for little more than a
brief moment--can in no sense be described as one of the book's
characters, and yet the whole plot is so skilfully contrived as to
hinge on his personality. We are made to feel the dominating
influence of that powerful will upon the fears and hopes of a time
brimming over with revolutionary movement. Whether the Chouan
revolt is in this particular story accurately depicted for us in
all its phases, or whether the motives which impelled certain
public characters are therein interpreted aright--both in regard to
these and other points there may be room for doubt, but at least
the general forces of the period are placed before us in such a way
as to drive home the conviction that, be the historical
inaccuracies of detail what they may in the eyes of this or that
specialist, the picture as a whole is one which, while it rivets
our attention as lovers of romance, does no injury to the strictest
Historic sense.

I know well that numerous novels might be cited which, besides
abounding in anachronisms, are harmful in that they present us with
a misleading conception of some personality or period; moreover, I
acknowledge that this defect is by no means confined to romances of
an inferior literary order. That Cromwell has been unreasonably
vilified, and Mary Queen of Scots misconceived as a saintly martyr--
how often are these charges brought against not a few of our
leading exponents of Historical Fiction. Let this be fully
granted, it remains to ask--To whom were our novelists originally
indebted for these misconceptions? Were not the historians of an
earlier generation responsible for these wrong judgments? True,
the real Science of History--the sifting of evidence, and the
discovery and unravelling of ancient documents--may be described as
an essentially modern attainment, so it would be unreasonable to
blame our older historians for errors which it was largely, if not
wholly, beyond their power to overcome. And it is just here that I
would emphasise my defence of the Romancist. If Historians
themselves have differed (and still differ)! may it not be pleaded
on behalf of the Historical Novelist that he also must be judged
according to the possibilities of his time? For, while he may have
too readily adopted false conceptions in the past, there is no
necessity why, in the future, he also--profiting by the growth of
Critical investigation--should not have due regard, in the working
out of his Historical background, for all the latest "results."
And, I would further add, even though it be true that Scott and
others have misled us in certain directions, this does not prevent
our acknowledgment that, given their aspect of a particular period,
it was only fitting that the scheme of their novels should be in
harmony with it. If "Bloody Mary" was a cruel hypocrite, then our
reading of her period will be influenced by that real (or supposed)
fact; but, if further investigation reverses this severe judgment
on the woman herself, then, in Heaven's name, let us mould our
general conception afresh. The fountains of Romance show no sign
of running dry, and, though we may look in vain at the moment for a
genius of the very highest type, the Future has possibilities
within it which the greatest literary pessimist among us cannot
wholly deny. If, then, fault can be found with the older
Romancists for the spreading here and there of false historical
notions, let us look to future workers in the same sphere for
adjustment. I believe, however, that one notable critic has
pronounced the mischief already done to be quite irreparable,
seeing that the only "History" at all widely spread is that derived
from those very romances in which errors are so interwoven with the
sentimental interest of the plot itself that readers inevitably
"hug their delusions!" But I think that this danger need not be
contemplated seriously. The Historical Novel exists primarily as
Fiction, and, even though in our waking moments we may be persuaded
of the unreality of that "dream" which a Scott or a Dumas has
produced for us, we shall still be able to place ourselves again
and again under the spell of their delightful influence. Moreover,
while admitting Dumas' carelessness of exact detail, it would
hardly be contended by the most sceptical that his works (still
less those of Scott) are without any background of Historic
suggestiveness. Scott, indeed, shows signs of having possessed
something of that "detachment" which is one important qualification
in the Historian proper; there is a fairness and prevision in his
historical judgments which we look for in vain when reading the
works of his contemporaries.

And, having thus touched on what I believe to be the true relation
between Romance and History, I may note, as a last word, the use of
the Historical Tale to those who have the training of young folk.
That "desire to know," which is an essential for all true learning,
is sometimes best fostered by methods outside the ordinary School
routine. Thus, as regards History, where the text-book fails in
arousing interest, the tale may succeed, and, once the spirit of
inquiry has been stimulated, half the battle is gained. In saying
this I am far from wishing to imply that the reading of romances
can ever take the place of genuine historical study. I know well
that such a book as Green's "Short History of the English People"
may prove to some more fascinating than any novel. There are,
however, cases in which recourse may be had to a high-class work of
fiction for the attainment of a truer historic sense; while, taken
only as supplement to more strictly Academic reading, such a work
may prove to have its uses. Considerable discrimination is
required--as I have already hinted--in the choice of suitable
books, and, as a help in this direction, I have made out (vide
"Suggested courses of Reading" at the end of this volume) two
special lists for Boys and Girls respectively, which will, I trust,
be found useful. If, besides being of help to teachers, my
recommendations should lead in any degree to further appreciation
of the great masters of Romance, the labour (by no means
inconsiderable) expended on this little compilation will be amply
rewarded.

J. N.

January, 1902.

NOTE--the order in which the books are placed is, on the whole,
according to the periods dealt with; occasionally the grouping
decided on has prevented absolute correctness in this respect.

PRE-CHRISTIAN ERA.

SARCHEDON -- G. J. Whyte Melville
Ancient Babylon and the Assyrians
W. Thacker & Co., and Ward, Lock, & Co.

UARDA -- Georg Ebers (trans.)
Egypt--Rameses Sesostris
Sampson Low & Co.

ZOROASTER -- F. Marion Crawford
Zoroaster, the Persian Religious Reformer
Macmillan & Co.

AN EGYPTIAN PRINCESS -- Georg Ebers (trans.)
Egypt--Amasis and Cambyses, 6th Century B. C.
Sampson Low & Co.

THE FALL OF ATHENS -- A. J. Church
Peloponnesian War
Seeley & Co.

A YOUNG MACEDONIAN -- A. J. Church
Alexander the Great
Seeley & Co.

SALAMMBO -- Gustave Flaubert (trans.)
Rome versus Carthage
G. P. Putnam's Sons, and Grant Richards

THE LION'S BROOD -- Duffield Osborne
Rome versus Carthage
W. Heinemann

LORDS OF THE WORLD -- A. J. Church
Rome versus Carthage.
Blackie & Son

THE SISTERS -- Georg Ehers (trans.)
Egypt--Ptolemy Philometer, and Euergetes
Sampson Low & Co.

THE HAMMER -- A. J. Church and R. Seeley
Maccabaean Times
Seeley & Co.

DEBORAH -- J. M. Ludlow
Maccabaean Times
J. Nisbet & Co.

HELON'S PILGRIMAGE TO JERUSALEM -- F. Strauss (trans.)
Judaism in the Century preceding Christ
J. Mawman, London, 1824

PRUSIAS -- Ernst Eckstein (trans.)
The Slave Revolt under Spartacus.
Trubner & Co.

TWO THOUSAND YEARS AGO -- A. J. Church
Rome--Spartacus and Mithridates
Blackie & Son

WOE TO THE CONQUERED -- Alfred Clark
Roman Life, B. C. 73-71
Sampson Low & Co.

A FRIEND OF CAESAR -- W. S. Davis
Pompey and Caesar
Macmillan & Co.

CLEOPATRA -- Georg Ebers (trans.)
Latter Years of Cleopatra.
Sampson Low & Co.

FIRST CENTURY A.D.

NEAERA -- John W. Graham
Rome under Tiberius (A. D. 26)
Macmillan & Co.

PHILOCHRISTUS -- Anonymous
Memoirs of a Disciple of Christ
Macmillan & Co.

BEN HUR -- Lew Wallace
Rome in the time of Christ
Harper & Brothers, and others

TARRY THOU TILL I COME (Salathiel) -- G. Croly
Judaism and Christianity (the early struggle)
Funk & Wagnalls Co.

AS OTHERS SAW HIM -- Anonymous
Early Christianity (A. D. 54)
W. Heinemann

BERIC THE BRITON -- G. A. Henty
Roman Invasion of Britain
Blackie & Son

ONESIMUS-- Anonymous
Memoirs of a Disciple of Paul
Macmillan & Co.

QUO VADIS? -- H. Sienkiewicz (trans.)
Rome in the time of Nero
J. M. Dent & Co.

NERO -- Ernst Eckstein (trans.)
Rome in the time of Nero
Trubner & Co.

THE BURNING OF ROME -- A. J. Church
Rome in the time of Nero
Seeley & Co.

ACTE -- Hugh Westbury
Rome in the time of Nero
Bentley

DARKNESS AND DAWN -- Dean Farrar
Persecutions under Nero
Longmans, Green, & Co.

THE LAST DAYS OF POMPEII -- Lytton
Time of Vespasian
Geo. Routledge & Sons

THE GLADIATORS -- G. J. Whyte Melville
Fall of Jerusalem
W. Thacker & Co. and Ward, Lock, & Co.

DOMITIA -- S. Baring-Gould
Time of Domitian
Methuen & Co.

MASTERS OF THE WORLD -- Mary A. M. Hoppus
Time of Domitian
Bentley, 1888

QUINTUS CLAUDIUS -- Ernst Eckstein (trans.)
Time of Domitian
W. S. Gottsberger

SECOND CENTURY.

VALERIUS -- J. G. Lockhart
Time of Trajan (Rome)
W. Blackwood & Sons

TO THE LIONS -- A. J. Church
Christians and the Younger Pliny
Seeley & Co.

ANTINOUS -- George Taylor (trans.)
Time of Hadrian
William S. Gottsberger, New York, 1882

MARIUS THE EPICUREAN -- W. Pater
Time of Marcus Aurelius
Macmillan & Co.

THIRD CENTURY.

PER ASPERA -- Georg Ebers (trans.)
Alexandria in time of Emperor Caracalla
Sampson Low & Co.

PERPETUA -- S. Baring-Gould
Nimes--beginning of Third Century
Isbister & Co.

THE CAMP ON THE SEVERN -- A. D. Crake
Persecution in Britain
Mowbray & Co.

THE VILLA OF CLAUDIUS -- E. L. Cutts
Roman occupation of Britain
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

CALLISTA -- J. H. Newman
North Africa persecutions
Longmans, Green, & Co.

*THE EPICUREAN -- Thomas Moore
Worship of Isis (Egypt)
Downey & Co.

* This tale, it must be admitted, is given a place mainly on
account of its literary interest; as a historical romance it has
been very severely criticised.

AURELIAN -- W. Ware
Rome--late Third Century
Warne & Co.

THE LAST DAYS AND FALL OF PALMYRA (ZENOBIA) -- W. Ware
Zenobia and Longinus
Cassell & Co. ("Red Library," 1890)

FOURTH CENTURY.

HOMO SUM -- Georg Ebers (trans.)
Christians in Arabia
Sampson Low & Co.

*OUR FOREFATHERS (Die Ahnen) -- Gustav Freytag (trans.)
Germany A. D. 357
Asher & Co., 1873

* The collective title of a series in which the history of a family
is made to illustrate successive stages of German Civilisation.
The English translation does not extend beyond the first two
stories, dealing with the years 357 and 724 respectively; the
remaining four stories (published by Hirzel of Leipsic, 1874-80)
depict German life in 1226, 1519, 1647, and 1805.

THE LAST ATHENIAN -- V. Rydberg (trans.)
Athens A. D. 361
T. B. Peterson & Brothers, Philadelphia

*THE DEATH OF THE GODS -- D. Merejkowski (trans.)
The Emperor Julian
Constable & Co.

* No. 1 of the trilogy "Christ and Anti-Christ."

JETTA -- George Taylor (trans.)
Heidelberg under the Romans
Trubner & Co., 1886

SERAPIS -- Georg Ebers (trans.)
Alexandria A. D. 391
Trubner & Co., 1885

A DUKE OF BRITAIN -- Sir Herbert Maxwell
Picts and Romans
W. Blackwood & Sons

FIFTH CENTURY.

GATHERING CLOUDS -- Dean Farrar
Chrysostom [late Fourth--early Fifth Century]
Longmans, Green, & Co.

CONQUERING AND TO CONQUER -- Mrs. Charles
Jerome [late Fourth--early Fifth Century]
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

FABIOLA -- Cardinal Wiseman
Rome early Fifth Century
Burns, 1855

HYPATIA -- Charles Kingsley
Alexandria
Macmillan & Co.

THE COUNT OF THE SAXON SHORE -- A. J. Church
Departure of Romans from Britain
Seeley & Co.

ATTILA -- G. P. R. James
Decline of Roman Empire
Warne & Co.

FELICITAS -- Felix Dahn (trans.)
The German Migrations, A. D. 476
Macmillan & Co.

SIXTH CENTURY.

BUILDERS Of THE WASTE -- Thorpe Forrest
Britains v. Anglians in Yorkshire
Duckworth & Co.

A STRUGGLE FOR ROME -- Felix Dahn (trans.)
The Ostrogoths and Belisarius
R. Bentley, 1878

ANTONINA -- Wilkie Collins
Rome in 546
Chatto & Windus

HAVELOK THE DANE -- C. W. Whistler
Denmark and England
T. Nelson & Sons

SHAVEN CROWN -- M. Bramston
Conversion of the Surrey Border (time of Ethelbert)
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

SEVENTH CENTURY.

THE SON OF AELLA -- Gertrude Hollis
Conversion of Northumbria
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

CAEDWALLA -- F. Cowper
Saxons in the Isle of Wight
Seeley & Co.

THE BRIDE OF THE NILE -- Georg Ebers (trans.)
Egypt, A. D. 643
Trubner & Co.

*EIGHTH CENTURY.

* The second tale in Freytag's "Our Forefathers" (vide Fourth
Century section) illustrates the Germany of A. D. 724.

THE INVASION -- G. Griffin
Ireland and Northern Europe in second half of the Eighth Century
Saunders & Otley, London, 1832

NINTH CENTURY.

A THANE OF WESSEX -- C. W. Whistler
Ethelwulf (mid Ninth Century)
Blackie & Son

THE WOOING OF OSYTH -- Kate T. Sizer
Edmund the Martyr
Jarrold & Sons

*THE KING'S SONS -- G. Manville Fenn
Alfred and his times
E. Nister

* A very slight but charming story of Alfred's boyhood, specially
suited for the very young.

IN AELFRED'S DAYS and UNDER THE BLACK RAVEN -- Paul Creswick
Alfred and his times
E. Nister

GOD SAVE KING ALFRED -- E. Gilliat
Alfred and his times
Macmillan & Co.

THE DRAGON AND THE RAVEN -- G. A. Henty
Alfred and his times
Blackie & Son

KING ALFRED'S VIKING -- C. W. Whistler
Alfred and his times
T. Nelson & Sons

A HERO KING -- Eliza F. Pollard
Alfred and his times
Partridge & Co.

TWIXT DAYDAWN AND LIGHT -- Gordon Stables
Alfred and his times
J. F. Shaw & Co.

A LION OF WESSEX -- Tom Bevan
Alfred and his times
Partridge & Co.

TENTH CENTURY.

THE LITTLE DUKE -- Charlotte M. Yonge
Normandy--Richard the Fearless
Macmillan & Co.

EKKEHARD -- Scheffel (trans.)
Germany--The Huns, &c.
Sampson Low & Co.

EDWY THE FAIR -- A. D. Crake
Britain--Dunstan
Longmans, Green, & Co.

THE VIKINGS OF THE BALTIC -- G. W. Dasent
The Vikings--last quarter of Tenth Century
Chapman & Hall, 1875

ELEVENTH CENTURY.

OLAF THE GLORIOUS -- Robert Leighton
Russia and Norway
Blackie & Son

THE FALL OF ASGARD -- Julian Corbett
St. Olaf's Days
Macmillan & Co.

KING OLAF'S KINSMAN -- C. W. Whistler
Ethelred the Unready
Blackie & Son

WULFRIC THE WEAPON THANE -- C. W. Whistler
Edmund Ironside
Blackie & Son

ALFGAR THE DANE -- A. D. Crake
Edmund Ironside
Longmans, Green, & Co.

EDWARD THE EXILE -- Mary Davidson
Edward the Confessor's period (abroad)
Hodder & Stoughton

HAROLD -- Lytton
The Norman Conquest
George Routledge & Sons

WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR -- Sir Charles Napier
The Norman Conquest
George Routledge, 1858

THE CAMP OF REFUGE -- C. Macfarlane
The Norman Conquest
Constable & Co.

HEREWARD THE WAKE -- Charles Kingsley
The Norman Conquest
Macmillan & Co.

THE RIVAL HEIRS -- A. D. Crake
The Norman Conquest
Longmans, Green, & Co.

WULF THE SAXON -- G. A. Henty
The Norman Conquest
Blackie & Son

RUFUS, OR THE RED KING -- Anonymous
William II.
Constable & Co. (reprint announced)

IN THE DAYS OF ST. ANSELM -- Gertrude Hollis
William II.
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

COUNT ROBERT OF PARIS -- Scott
First Crusade
A. & C. Black

GOD WILLS IT -- W. S. Davis
First Crusade
Macmillan & Co.

TWELFTH CENTURY.

PABO THE PRIEST -- S. Baring-Gould
Time of Henry I.
Methuen & Co.

A LEGEND OF READING ABBEY -- C. Macfarlane
Time of Stephen
Constable & Co.

THE KNIGHT OF THE GOLDEN CHAIN -- R. D. Chetwode
Time of Stephen
C. A. Pearson

VIA CRUCIS -- F. Marion Crawford
Second Crusade
Macmillan & Co.

THE BETROTHED -- Scott
Henry II.
A. & C. Black

FOREST OUTLAWS -- E. Gilliat
Henry II.
Seeley & Co.

IN HIS NAME -- E. E. Hale
The Waldenses
Seeley & Co.

THE TALISMAN -- Scott
Richard I.
A. & C. Black

IVANHOE -- Scott
Richard I.
A. & C. Black

RICHARD YEA-AND-NAY -- Maurice Hewlett
Richard I.
Macmillan & Co.

MAID MARIAN -- Thomas Love Peacock
Richard I.
Macmillan & Co.

THE BLUE BANNER -- Leon Cahun (trans.)
Period of Crusades and the Mongol Conquest (late Twelfth to early
Thirteenth Century).
Sampson Low & Co.

THIRTEENTH CENTURY.

ROYSTON GOWER -- Thomas Miller
Time of John
Colburn, 1838

RUNNYMEDE AND LINCOLN FAIR -- J. G. Edgar
Time of John (the Charter)
Ward, Lock, & Co.

WALDEMAR -- B. S. Ingemann (trans.)
Denmark, 1204
Saunders & Otley, 1841

THE MOST FAMOUS LOBA -- N. K. Blissett
Persecution of the Albigenses--Carcassonne
Wm. Blackwood & Sons

PHILIP AUGUSTUS -- G. P. R. James
France in early Thirteenth Century
Warne & Co.

LA BATTAGLIA DI BENEVENTO -- F. D. Guerrazzi
Italy--period of Emperor Frederick II.
Guiseppe Maspero, Milan, 1829

THE COUNTESS TEKLA and THE STRONG ARM -- Robert Barr
Germany mid-Thirteenth Century
Methuen & Co.

'NEATH THE HOOF OF THE TARTAR; OR, THE SCOURGE OF GOD --
Baron Nicolas Josika (trans.)
Hungary--the Tartar Invasion
Jarrold & Sons

A CLERK OF OXFORD -- E. Everett Green
Henry III.--Barons' Wars
T. Nelson & Sons

HOW I WON MY SPURS -- J. G. Edgar
Henry III.--Barons' Wars
Ward, Lock, & Co.

A STOUT ENGLISH BOWMAN -- E. Pickering
Period of Henry III.
Blackie & Son

THE ROBBER BARON OF BEDFORD CASTLE -- A. J. Foster and E. C.
Cuthell
Period of Henry III.
T. Nelson & Sons

THE THIRSTY SWORD -- Robert Leighton
Norse Invasion of Scotland, 1262-3
Blackie & Son

THE PRINCE AND THE PAGE -- Charlotte M. Yonge
8th Crusade
Macmillan & Co.

THE KING'S REEVE -- E. Gilliat
Time of Edward I.
Seeley & Co.

THE LORD OF DYNEOVER -- E. Everett Green
Time of Edward I.
T. Nelson & Sons

FOURTEENTH CENTURY.

THE SCOTTISH CHIEFS -- Jane Porter
Scotch Wars--Wallace
J. M. Dent & Co.

IN FREEDOM'S CAUSE -- G. A. Henty
Wallace and Bruce
Blackie & Son

CASTLE DANGEROUS -- Scott
Scotch Wars
A. & C. Black

THE DAYS OF BRUCE -- G. Aguilar
Edward II.--Bruce
Warne & Co. and others

THE CHEVALIER OF THE SPLENDID CREST -- Sir Herbert Maxwell
Edward II.--Bruce
W. Blackwood & Sons

THE WHISTLING MAID -- E. Rhys
Wales in time of Edward II.
Hutchinson & Co.

MARCO VISCONTI -- T. Grossi (trans.)
Italy, early Fourteenth Century
Geo. Routledge & Sons, 1877

MARGHERITA PUSTERLA -- Cesare Cantu
Italy, early Fourteenth Century
Felice Le Monnier, Florence, 1839

RIENZI -- Lytton
Rome, middle of Fourteenth Century
Geo. Routledge & Sons

IN THE SHADOW OF THE CROWN -- M. Bidder
Edward II.--Edward III.
Constable & Co.

*THE COUNTESS ALYS (in "New Canterbury Tales") -- Maurice Hewlett
Period of Edward III.
Constable & Co.

* Mr. Hewlett's volume ought not to be described (I have seen it so
in one quarter) as dealing with the time of Henry VI. The "tales"
are supposed to be told in 1450 by Pilgrims on their way to
Canterbury.

THE WHITE COMPANY -- Conan Doyle
Period of Edward III.
Smith, Elder, & Co.

ST. GEORGE FOR ENGLAND -- G. A. Henty
Period of Edward III.
Blackie & Son

CRECY AND POICTIERS -- J. G. Edgar
Period of Edward III.
Ward, Lock, & Co.

THE LANCES OF LYNWOOD -- Charlotte M. Yonge
Period of Edward III.
Macmillan & Co.

GOD, THE KING, MY BROTHER -- Mary F. Nixon Roulet
Period of Edward III. (Spain)
Ward, Lock, & Co.

GOD SAVE ENGLAND -- F. Breton
Period of Edward III. (Winchelsea and Rye)
Grant Richards

IN THE DAYS OF CHIVALRY -- E. Everett Green
Crecy, taking of Calais, &c.
T. Nelson & Sons

JOHN STANDISH -- E. Gilliat
Richard II.--Wat Tyler
Seeley & Co.

ROBERT ANNYS, POOR PRIEST -- Annie N. Meyer
Richard II.--Wat Tyler
Macmillan & Co.

THE BANNER OF ST. GEORGE -- M. Bramston
Richard II.--Wat Tyler
Duckworth & Co.

A MARCH ON LONDON -- G. A. Henty
Richard II.--Wat Tyler
Blackie & Son

OTTERBOURNE -- Anonymous
Battle of Otterbourne, 1388
R. Bentley, 1832

KATE CAMERON OF BRUX -- J. E. Muddock
Scotland, late Fourteenth Century
Digby, Long, & Co.

THE LION OF FLANDERS -- Hendrik Conscience (trans.)
France, late Fourteenth Century
Burns & Oates, 1881

THE LION OF ST. MARK -- G. A. Henty
Venice, late Fourteenth Century
Blackie & Son

KNIGHTS OF THE CROSS -- H. Sienkiewicz (trans.)
Poland--The Teutonic Knights
J. M. Dent & Co.

FIFTEENTH CENTURY.

PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS OF JOAN OF ARC, BY THE SIEUR LOUIS DE CONTE
-- Mark Twain
Joan of Arc
Chatto & Windus

A NOBLE PURPOSE NOBLY WON -- Miss Manning
Joan of Arc
Arthur Hall, Virtue, & Co., 1862

A MONK OF FIFE -- A. Lang
Joan of Arc
Longmans, Green, & Co.

THE CAGED LION -- Charlotte M. Yonge
Scotland, early Fifteenth Century
Macmillan & Co.

THE FAIR MAID OF PERTH -- Scott
Scotland, early Fifteenth Century
A. & C. Black

OLD MARGARET -- Henry Kingsley
Ghent, in early Fifteenth Century
Ward, Lock, & Co.

THE GLEAMING DAWN -- C. Baker
The Hussites
Chapman & Hall

ISABELLA ORSINI -- F. D. Guerrazzi
Italy--The Medici
Felice le Monnier, Florence, 1844

BOTH SIDES OF THE BORDER -- G. A. Henty
Period of Henry IV.
Blackie & Son

IN THE DAYS OF PRINCE HAL -- H. Elrington
Henry IV.--Henry V.
Blackie & Son

A CHAMPION OF THE FAITH -- J. M. Callwell
Henry IV.--Henry V.
Blackie & Son

AGINCOURT -- G. P. R. James
Henry V.
Warne & Co.

AT AGINCOURT -- G. A. Henty
Henry V.
Blackie & Son

BY WEEPING CROSS -- Lady Laura Ridding
Southern France, 1424
Hodder & Stoughton

NOEMI -- S. Baring Gould
Guienne--Time of Charles VII.
Methuen & Co.

THE CAPTAIN OF THE GUARD -- James Grant
James II. of Scotland
Geo. Routledge & Sons

BLACK DOUGLAS -- S. R. Crockett
James II. of Scotland
Smith, Elder, & Co.

THE CARDINAL'S PAGE -- C. Baker
Bohemia, middle of Fifteenth Century
Chapman & Hall

THE PRINCE OF INDIA -- Lew Wallace
Fall of Constantinople, 1453
Harper & Brothers

THEODORA PHRANZA -- J. M. Neale
Fall of Constantinople, 1453
J. Masters, 1857

TWO PENNILESS PRINCESSES -- Charlotte M. Yonge
Period of Henry VI.
Macmillan & Co.

THE LAST OF THE BARONS -- Lytton
Wars of the Roses
Geo. Routledge & Sons

THE BLACK ARROW -- R. L. Stevenson
Wars of the Roses
Cassell & Co.

GRISLY GRISSELL -- Charlotte M. Yonge
Wars of the Roses
Macmillan & Co.

IN THE WARS OF THE ROSES -- E. Everett Green
Wars of the Roses
T. Nelson & Sons

HOW DICKON CAME BY HIS NAME (in "The Deserter and other Stories") --
Harold Frederic
Wars of the Roses
Lothrop Publishing Co.

WHERE AVON INTO SEVERN FLOWS (in "The Deserter and other Stories") --
Harold Frederic
Wars of the Roses
Lothrop Publishing Co.

THE CHANTREY PRIEST OF BARNET -- A. J. Church
Wars of the Roses
Seeley & Co.

THE WOODMAN -- G. P. R. James
Time of Richard III.
Warne & Co.

RED ROSE AND WHITE -- Alfred Armitage
Time of Richard III.
J. Macqueen

PERKIN WARBECK -- Mary Shelley
Richard III.--Henry VII.
Colburn & Bentley, 1830

THE HEIR OF HASCOMBE HALL -- E. Everett Green
Time of Henry VII.
T. Nelson & Sons

THE CAPTAIN OF THE WIGHT -- F. Cowper
Time of Henry VII.
Seeley & Co.

WILD HUMPHRY KYNASTON -- H. Hudson
Shrewsbury (1490-1493)
Kegan, Paul, & Co.

THE YELLOW FRIGATE -- James Grant
Scotland, late Fifteenth Century
Geo. Routledge & Sons

MARY OF BURGUNDY -- G. P. R. James
Ghent (1456-1477)
Warne & Co.

THE DOVE IN THE EAGLES NEST -- Charlotte M. Yonge
Time of Maximilian (1472-1531)
Macmillan & Co.

THE BURGOMASTER OF BERLIN -- Wilibald Alexis (trans.)
Germany, late 15th Century
Saunders & Otley, London, 1843

QUENTIN DURWARD -- Scott
A. & C. Black
France--Louis XI.

ANNE OF GRIERSTEIN -- Scott
Charles the Bold, Margaret of Anjou, &c.
A. & C. Black

MARIETTA -- F. Marion Crawford
Venice, 1470
Macmillan & Co.

DESIDERIO -- Edmund G. Gardner
Florence--Savonarola.
J. M. Dent & Co.

ROMOLA -- George Eliot
Florence--Savonarola.
W. Blackwood & Sons

NOTRE DAME -- Victor Hugo (trans.)
Paris, late Fifteenth Century
J. M. Dent & Co.

THE CLOISTER AND THE HEARTH -- Charles Reade
Eve of the Reformation (Parents of Erasmus)
Chatto & Windus

THE RESURRECTION OF THE GODS -- D. Merejkowski (trans)
Leonardo da Vinci
Constable & Co.

THE VALE OF CEDARS -- Grace Aguilar
Jewish Persecution in Spain
Walter Scott and others

THE BLACK DISC -- Albert Lee
Conquest of Granada
Digby, Long, & Co.

LEILA -- Lytton
Conquest of Granada
Geo. Routledge & Sons

WESTWARD WITH COLUMBUS -- Gordon Stables
Christopher Columbus, 1492
Blackie & Son

THE GOD SEEKER -- P. Rosegger (trans.)
The Styrian Alps, 1493
G. P. Putnam's Sons

LITTLE NOVELS OF ITALY -- Maurice Hewlett
Italian manners from early Fourteenth to late Fifteenth Century
Macmillan & Co.

SIXTEENTH CENTURY.

THE HONOUR OF SAVELLI -- Levett Yeats
Italy--the Borgias
Sampson Low & Co.

THE CHALLENGE OF BARLETTA -- M. D'Azeglio (trans.)
Gonsalvo di Cordova, &c.
W. H. Allen & Co., 1880

THE MAID OF FLORENCE; OR, NICCOLO DE' LAPI -- M. D'Azeglio (trans.)
Florence, 1529-1530
R. Bentley, 1853

TRUE HEART -- F. Breton
Switzerland, 1514-25 (Erasmus, &c.)
Grant Richards

IN THE BLUE PIKE -- Georg Ebers (trans.)
Germany--time of Maximilian
Sampson Low & Co.

CHRONICLES OF THE SCHONBERG COTTA FAMILY -- Mrs. Charles
The Reformation
T. Nelson & Sons

BARBARA BLOMBERG -- Georg Ebers. (trans.)
Charles V. and Luther
Sampson Low & Co.

LICHTENSTEIN -- Hauff (trans.)
Germany, early Sixteenth Century
E. Nister

IN THE OLDEN TIME -- Miss Roberts
Germany, early Sixteenth Century
Longmans, Green, & Co.

THE BRAES Of YARROW -- C. Gibbon
James V. of Scotland (Flodden)
Chatto & Windus

IN THE KING'S FAVOR -- J. E. Muddock
James V. of Scotland (Flodden)
J. Digby

MARY OF LORRAINE -- James Grant
Battle of Pinkie, 1547
Geo. Routledge & Sons

THE SHROUDED FACE -- Owen Rhoscomyl
Wales in Tudor times
C. A. Pearson

BY RIGHT OF CONQUEST -- G. A. Henty
Conquest of Mexico
Blackie & Son

THE FAIR GOD -- Lew Wallace
Conquest of Mexico
Warne & Co.

MONTEZUMA'S DAUGHTER -- H. Rider Haggard
Conquest of Mexico
Longmans, Green, & Co.

THE INCA'S RANSOM -- Albert Lee
Conquest of Peru
Partridge & Co.

THE HOUSEHOLD OF SIR THOMAS MORE -- Miss Manning
Period of Henry VIII.
J. C. Nimmo

HENRY VIII. AND HIS COURT; OR, CATHERINE PARR -- Louise Muhlbach (trans.)
Period of Henry VIII.
D. Appleton & Co.

WINDSOR CASTLE -- Harrison Ainsworth
Period of Henry VIII.
Geo. Routledge & Sons

DEFENDER OF THE FAITH -- Frank Mathew
Period of Henry VIII.
John Lane

MY FRIEND ANNE -- Jessie Armstrong
Period of Henry VIII.
Warne & Co.

THE ARMOURER'S 'PRENTICES -- Charlotte M. Yonge
Period of Henry VIII.
Macmillan & Co.

THE HOUSE OF THE WIZARD -- M. Imlay Taylor
Period of Henry VIII.
Gay & Bird

WHEN KNIGHTHOOD WAS IN FLOWER -- E. Caskoden
Period of Henry VIII.
Sands & Co.

THE WHITE QUEEN -- Russell Garnier
Mary Tudor, 1514
Harper & Brothers

FRESTON TOWER -- R. Cobbold
Time of Wolsey
Simpkin, 1850

WESTMINSTER ABBEY -- Author of "Whitefriars"
Wolsey, Cranmer, &c., 1527
Routledge & Sons

LIKE A RASEN FIDDLER -- Mary E. Shipley
Destruction of the Monasteries, 1536
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

UNDER BAYARD'S BANNER -- Henry Frith
Chevalier de Bayard
Cassell & Co.

THE TWO DIANAS -- Dumas (translation)
Period of Francis I.
J. M. Dent & Co.

JOHN OF STRATHBOURNE -- R. D. Chetwode
Period of Francis I.
C. A. Pearson

MARGUERITE DE ROBERVAL -- T. G. Marquis
Period of Francis I.
Fisher Unwin

A WARD OF THE KING -- Katherine S. Macquoid
Period of Francis I.
John Long

ST. LEON -- William Godwin
Battle of Pavia, 1525
G. G. & J. Robinson, London, 1799

THE BRIGAND -- G. P. R. James
France, middle of Sixteenth Century
Warne & Co.

ASCANIO -- Dumas (translation)
France, middle of Sixteenth Century (1540)
J. M. Dent & Co.

THE PAGE OF THE DUKE OF SAVOY -- Dumas (translation)
Period of Emperor Charles V. (1528-80)
J. M. Dent & Co.

ROYAL FAVOUR -- A. S. C. Wallis (translation)
Time of Melanchthon and Eric XIV. of Sweden
Sonnenschein & Co.

THE PRINCE AND THE PAUPER -- Mark Twain
Edward VI.
Chatto & Windus

THE MAID OF LONDON BRIDGE -- S. Gibney
Edward VI.
Jarrold & Sons

THE COLLOQUIES OF EDWARD OSBORNE -- Miss Manning
Edward VI.--Mary.
J. C. Nimmo

SEETHING DAYS -- Caroline C. Holroyd
Edward VI.--Mary.
A. D. Innes & Co.

THE TOWER OF LONDON -- Harrison Ainsworth
Period of Mary
Geo. Routledge & Sons

THE ROYAL SISTERS -- Frank Mathew
Period of Mary
J. Long

LEST WE FORGET -- Joseph Hocking
Period of Mary
Ward, Lock, & Co.

THE STORY OF FRANCIS CLUDDE -- Stanley Weyman
England and the Netherlands
Cassell & Co.

THE SCARLET JUDGES -- E. F. Pollard
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Partridge & Co.

MY LADY OF ORANGE -- H. C. Bailey
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Longmans, Green, & Co.

BY PIKE AND DYKE -- G. A. Henty
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Blackie & Son

BY ENGLAND'S AID -- G. A. Henty
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Blackie & Son

LYSBETH -- H. Rider Haggard
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Longmans, Green, & Co.

TRUE TO THE PRINCE -- Gertrude Bell
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Digby & Long

IN TROUBLED TIMES -- A. S. C. Wallis (translation)
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Sonnenschein & Co.

THE MASTER BEGGARS -- L. Cope Cornford
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
J. M. Dent & Co.

*LUDOVIC AND GERTRUDE -- Hendrik Conscience (translation)
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
J. Hodges

* Told from the Roman Catholic standpoint.

THE BEGGARS -- J. B. de Liefde
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Hodder & Stoughton

FOR FAITH AND FATHERLAND -- M. Bramston
The Netherlands--Period of Inquisition and Revolt against Spain
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

SHUT IN -- E. Everett Green
Siege of Antwerp
T. Nelson & Sons

THE SPANISH BROTHERS -- Anonymous
Spain--The Inquisition
T. Nelson & Sons

IN FAIR GRANADA -- E. Everett Green
Spain--Time of Philip II.
T. Nelson & Sons

IN THE PALACE OF THE KING -- F. Marion Crawford
Spain--Time of Philip II.
Macmillan & Co.

THE TRAITOR'S WAY -- S. Levett Yeats
France--Conspiracy of Amboise
Longmans, Green, & Co.

ABOUT CATHERINE DE MEDICI -- Balzac (translation)
Catherine de' Medici and her Policy
J. M. Dent & Co.

KLYTIA -- George Taylor (trans.)
Germany--Erastus
Sampson Low & Co.

FOR THE RELIGION and A MAN OF HIS AGE -- Hamilton Drummond
France--Coligny, &c.
Smith, Elder, & Co. and Ward, Lock, & Co.

MARGUERITE DE VALOIS -- Dumas (translation)
France--Coligny, &c. St. Bartholomew
J. M. Dent & Co.

A CHRONICLE OF THE REIGN OF CHARLES IX. -- Prosper Merimee (trans.)
France--Coligny, &c. St. Bartholomew
J. C. Nimmo, 1890

THE HOUSE OF THE WOLF -- Stanley Weyman
France--Coligny, &c. St. Bartholomew
Longmans, Green, & Co.

COUNT HANNIBAL -- Stanley Weyman
France--Coligny, &c. St. Bartholomew
Smith, Elder, & Co.

THE CHAPLET OF PEARLS -- Charlotte M. Yonge
France--Coligny, &c. St. Bartholomew
Macmillan & Co.

AN ENEMY TO THE KING -- R. N. Stephens
Henry of Guise
Methuen & Co.

A GENTLEMAN OF FRANCE -- Stanley Weyman
Period of the League
Longmans, Green, & Co.

THE KING'S HENCHMAN and UNDER THE SPELL OF THE FLEUR DE LIS --
W. H. Johnson
Henry of Navarre
Gay & Bird

THE HELMET OF NAVARRE -- Bertha Runkle
Henry of Navarre
Macmillan & Co.

THE KING'S PAWN -- Hamilton Drummond
Henry of Navarre
W. Blackwood & Sons

CHEVALIER D'AURIAC -- Levett Yeats
Henry of Navarre
Longmans, Green, & Co.

FROM THE MEMOIRS OF A MINISTER OF FRANCE -- Stanley Weyman
Henry of Navarre
Cassell & Co.

LA DAME DE MONSOREAU -- Dumas (translation)
French Court, &c. (1578)
J. M. Dent & Co.

THE FORTY FIVE -- Dumas (translation)
French Court, &c. (1585)
J. M. Dent & Co.

BEATRICE CENCI -- F. D. Guerrazzi (translation)
Italy, late Sixteenth Century
Bosworth & Harrison, London, 1858

THE TERRIBLE CZAR -- Count A. K. Tolstoy (translation)
Russia--Ivan IV.
Sampson Low & Co.

A BOYAR OF THE TERRIBLE -- F. Whishaw
Russia--Ivan IV.
Longmans, Green, & Co.

UNDER THE SOUTHERN CROSS -- Anonymous
Peru--late Sixteenth Century
T. Nelson & Sons

THE FLAMINGO FEATHER -- K. Munro
Huguenots in Florida
T. Nelson & Sons

THE MONASTERY -- Scott
Melrose and District. (1550).
A. & C. Black

THE ABBOT -- Scott
Mary, Queen of Scots
A. & C. Black

THE QUEEN'S MARIES -- G. J. Whyte Melville
Mary, Queen of Scots
W. Thacker & Co. and Ward, Lock, & Co.

UNKNOWN TO HISTORY -- Charlotte M. Yonge
Mary, Queen of Scots
Macmillan & Co.

MARY HAMILTON -- Lord Ernest Hamilton
Mary, Queen of Scots
Methuen & Co.

ONE QUEEN TRIUMPHANT -- Frank Mathew
Mary, Queen of Scots
John Lane

MAGDALEN HEPBURN -- Mrs. Oliphant
Mary, Queen of Scots (Knox)
Hurst & Blackett. (1854)

KENILWORTH -- Scott
Elizabeth
A. & C. Black

WESTWARD HO! -- Charles Kingsley
Elizabeth
Macmillan & Co.

FOR GOD AND GOLD -- Julian Corbett
Elizabeth
Macmillan & Co.

BY STROKE OF SWORD -- A. Balfour
Elizabeth
Methuen & Co.

SONS OF ADVERSITY -- L. Cope Cornford
Elizabeth
Methuen & Co.

A GENTLEMAN PLAYER -- R. N. Stephens
Elizabeth
Methuen & Co.

SIR LUDAR -- T. Baines Reed
Elizabeth
Sampson Low & Co.

MAELCHO -- Emily Lawless
Irish Rebellion
Methuen & Co.

GUAVAS THE TINNER -- S. Baring-Gould
The Devonshire Tinneries
Methuen & Co.

THE WHITE KING OF MANOA -- Joseph Hatton
Sir Walter Raleigh, &c.
Hutchinson & Co.

PENSHURST CASTLE -- Emma Marshall
Sir Philip Sydney
Seeley & Co.

MASTER SKYLARK -- John Bennett
Shakespeare
Macmillan & Co.

THE OUTLAWS OF THE MARCHES -- Lord Ernest Hamilton
Scotland (1587)
Fisher Unwin

THE FLIGHT OF THE EAGLE -- Standish O'Grady
Ireland, late Sixteenth Century
Lawrence & Bullen

WITH ESSEX IN IRELAND -- Emily Lawless
Ireland (1599)
Methuen & Co.

SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.

THE FORTUNES OF NIGEL -- Scott
Time of James I.
A. & C. Black

*THE LANCASHIRE WITCHES -- Harrison Ainsworth
Time of James I.
Geo. Routledge & Sons

* Ainsworth's two novels, "Guy Fawkes" and "The Star Chamber," also
deal with James I., but they are distinctly inferior in literary
workmanship.

THE BLACK TOR -- G. Manville Fenn
Time of James I.
W. & R. Chambers

IN THE DAYS OF KING JAMES -- S. H. Burchell
Time of James I.
Gay & Bird

ROMANCE OF THE LADY ARBELL -- Alastor Graeme
Time of James I.
F. V. White

JUDITH SHAKESPEARE -- William Black
Time of James I.
Sampson Low & Co.

THE LOST TREASURE OF TREVLYN -- E. Everett Green
Time of the Gunpowder Plot
T. Nelson & Sons

*STANDISH OF STANDISH -- J. G. Austin
America--Period of the Pilgrim Fathers
Ward, Lock, & Co.

* This is the first of a series of tales dealing with Early
American history by the same author, viz.:--"Betty Alden" (sequel
to above); "A Nameless Nobleman" (half-century later than "Standish
of Standish"), with its sequel, "Dr. Le Baron and his Daughters"
(all published by Houghton, Mifflin, & Co.)

SOLDIER RIGDALE -- B. M. Dix
America--Period of the Pilgrim Fathers
Macmillan & Co.

LONGFEATHER THE PEACEMAKER -- Kirk Monroe
America--Period of the Pilgrim Fathers
George Newnes

BY ORDER OF THE COMPANY (TO HAVE AND TO HOLD) -- Mary Johnston
Old Virginia, 1622
Constable & Co.

MERRY-MOUNT -- J. L. Motley
Plymouth Colony
James Monroe & Co. Boston 1849

MISTRESS BRENT -- Lucy M. Thruston
Maryland, 1636
Little, Brown, & Co., U.S.A.

ANTONIA -- Jessie Van Zile Belden
Dutch Colonists in Hudson River Districts, 1640-50

Book of the day: