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_#_Budget: revenues $477 million; expenditures $540 million, including
capital expenditures of $112 million (FY89)

_#_Exports: $993 million (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities--textiles 44%, sugar 40%, light manufactures 10%;

partners--EC and US have preferential treatment, EC 77%, US 15%

_#_Imports: $1.2 billion (f.o.b., 1989);

commodities--manufactured goods 50%, capital equipment 17%,
foodstuffs 13%, petroleum products 8%, chemicals 7%;

partners--EC, US, South Africa, Japan

_#_External debt: $670 million (December 1989)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 12.9% (FY87); accounts
for 25% of GDP

_#_Electricity: 233,000 kW capacity; 420 million kWh produced,
375 kWh per capita (1989)

_#_Industries: food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles,
wearing apparel, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment,
nonelectrical machinery, tourism

_#_Agriculture: accounts for 10% of GDP; about 90% of cultivated
land in sugarcane; other products--tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses,
cattle, goats, fish; net food importer, especially rice and fish

_#_Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international
drug trade

_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $76
million; Western (non-US) countries (1970-88), $628 million; Communist
countries (1970-89), $54 million

_#_Currency: Mauritian rupee (plural--rupees);
1 Mauritian rupee (MauR) = 100 cents

_#_Exchange rates: Mauritian rupees (MauRs) per US$1--14.295 (January
1991), 14.839 (1990), 15.250 (1989), 13.438 (1988), 12.878 (1987), 13.466
(1986), 15.442 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 1,800 km total; 1,640 km paved, 160 km earth

_#_Ports: Port Louis

_#_Merchant marine: 9 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 94,619
GRT/140,345 DWT; includes 2 passenger-cargo, 2 cargo, 1 container,
1 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 1 liquefied gas, 2 bulk

_#_Civil air: 4 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 5 total, 4 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
3 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: small system with good service; new microwave
link to Reunion; high-frequency radio links to several countries; 48,000
telephones; stations--2 AM, no FM, 4 TV; 1 Indian Ocean INTELSAT earth
station

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: paramilitary Special Mobile Force, Special Support Units,
National Police Force, National Coast Guard

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 302,588; 155,176 fit for
military service

_#_Defense expenditures: $4 million, 0.2% of GDP (1988)
_%_
_@_Mayotte
(territorial collectivity of France)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 375 km2; land area: 375 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly more than twice the size of Washington,
DC

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 185.2 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Disputes: claimed by Comoros

_#_Climate: tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during
northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to
November)

_#_Terrain: generally undulating with ancient volcanic peaks, deep
ravines

_#_Natural resources: negligible

_#_Land use: arable land NA%; permanent crops NA%; meadows and
pastures NA%; forest and woodland NA%; other NA%

_#_Environment: subject to cyclones during rainy season

_#_Note: part of Comoro Archipelago; located in the Mozambique Channel
about halfway between Africa and Madagascar

_*_People
_#_Population: 75,027 (July 1991), growth rate 3.9% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 50 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 12 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 87 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 54 years male, 59 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 6.8 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun--Mahorais (sing., pl.); adjective--Mahoran

_#_Religion: Muslim 99%; remainder Christian, mostly Roman Catholic

_#_Language: Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French

_#_Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

_#_Labor force: NA

_#_Organized labor: NA

_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte

_#_Type: territorial collectivity of France

_#_Capital: Dzaoudzi

_#_Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

_#_Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France)

_#_Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

_#_Legal system: French law

_#_National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

_#_Executive branch: government commissioner

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral General Council (Conseil
General)

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Tribunal Superieur d'Appel)

_#_Leaders:

Chief of State--President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May
1981);

Head of Government--Prefect, Representative of the French
Government Daniel LIMODIN (since NA 1990);
President of the General Council Youssouf BAMANA (since NA 1976)

_#_Political parties and leaders:
Mahoran Popular Movement (MPM), Younoussa BAMANA;
Party for the Mahoran Democratic Rally (PRDM), Daroueche MAOULIDA;
Mahoran Rally for the Republic (RMPR), Mansour KAMARDINE;
Union of the Center (UDC)

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18

_#_Elections:

General Council--last held NA June 1988 (next to be held June
1993);
results--percent of vote by party NA;
seats--(17 total) MPM 9, RPR 6, other 2;

French Senate--last held on 24 September 1989 (next to be held
September 1992);
results--percent of vote by party NA;
seats--(1 total) MPM 1;

French National Assembly--last held 5 and 12 June 1988 (next to
be held June 1993);
results--percent of vote by party NA;
seats--(1 total) UDC 1

_#_Communists: probably none

_#_Member of: FZ

_#_Diplomatic representation: as a territorial collectivity of France,
Mahoran interests are represented in the US by France

_#_Flag: the flag of France is used

_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural
sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not
self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements,
mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island is
heavily dependent on French financial assistance.

_#_GDP: $NA, per capita $NA; real growth rate NA%

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%

_#_Unemployment rate: NA%

_#_Budget: revenues NA; expenditures $37.3 million, including capital
expenditures of NA (1985)

_#_Exports: $4.0 million (f.o.b., 1984);

commodities--ylang-ylang, vanilla;

partners--France 79%, Comoros 10%, Reunion 9%

_#_Imports: $21.8 million (f.o.b., 1984);

commodities--building materials, transportation equipment, rice,
clothing, flour;

partners--France 57%, Kenya 16%, South Africa 11%, Pakistan 8%

_#_External debt: $NA

_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%

_#_Electricity: NA kW capacity; NA million kWh produced, NA kWh
per capita

_#_Industries: newly created lobster and shrimp industry

_#_Agriculture: most important sector; provides all export earnings;
crops--vanilla, ylang-ylang, coffee, copra; imports major share of food
needs

_#_Economic aid: Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral
commitments (1970-87), $323.8 million

_#_Currency: French franc (plural--francs); 1 French franc (F) = 100
centimes

_#_Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1--5.1307 (January 1991),
5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261
(1986), 8.9852 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 42 km total; 18 km bituminous

_#_Civil air: no major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runway 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Ports: Dzaoudzi

_#_Telecommunications: small system administered by French Department
of Posts and Telecommunications; includes radio relay and high-frequency
radio communications for links with Comoros and international
communications; 450 telephones; stations--1 AM, no FM, no TV

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of France
_%_
_@_Mexico
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 1,972,550 km2; land area: 1,923,040 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly less than three times the size of Texas

_#_Land boundaries: 4,538 km total; Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km,
US 3,326 km

_#_Coastline: 9,330 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Continental shelf: natural prolongation of continental margin or
200 nm;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Disputes: claims Clipperton Island (French possession)

_#_Climate: varies from tropical to desert

_#_Terrain: high, rugged mountains, low coastal plains, high plateaus,
and desert

_#_Natural resources: crude oil, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc,
natural gas, timber

_#_Land use: arable land 12%; permanent crops 1%; meadows and pastures
39%; forest and woodland 24%; other 24%; includes irrigated 3%

_#_Environment: subject to tsunamis along the Pacific coast and
destructive earthquakes in the center and south; natural water resources
scarce and polluted in north, inaccessible and poor quality in center and
extreme southeast; deforestation; erosion widespread; desertification;
serious air pollution in Mexico City and urban centers along US-Mexico
border

_#_Note: strategic location on southern border of US

_*_People
_#_Population: 90,007,304 (July 1991), growth rate 2.2% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 29 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 5 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: - 1 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 29 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 68 years male, 76 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 3.4 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun--Mexican(s); adjective--Mexican

_#_Ethnic divisions: mestizo (Indian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or
predominantly Amerindian 30%, white or predominantly white 9%, other 1%

_#_Religion: nominally Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%

_#_Language: Spanish

_#_Literacy: 87% (male 90%, female 85%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1985 est.)

_#_Labor force: 26,100,000 (1988); services 31.4%, agriculture,
forestry, hunting, and fishing 26%, commerce 13.9%, manufacturing 12.8%,
construction 9.5%, transportation 4.8%, mining and quarrying 1.3%,
electricity 0.3% (1986)

_#_Organized labor: 35% of labor force

_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: United Mexican States

_#_Type: federal republic operating under a centralized government

_#_Capital: Mexico

_#_Administrative divisions: 31 states (estados, singular--estado) and
1 federal district* (distrito federal); Aguascalientes, Baja California,
Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima,
Distrito Federal*, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco,
Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla,
Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco,
Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas

_#_Independence: 16 September 1810 (from Spain)

_#_Constitution: 5 February 1917

_#_Legal system: mixture of US constitutional theory and civil law
system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ
jurisdiction, with reservations

_#_National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1810)

_#_Executive branch: president, Cabinet

_#_Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress (Congreso de la
Union) consists of an upper chamber or Senate (Camara de Senadores)
and a lower chamber or Chamber of Deputies (Camara de Diputados)

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice (Suprema Corte de
Justicia)

_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government--President Carlos SALINAS de
Gortari (since 1 December 1988)

_#_Political parties and leaders: (recognized parties)
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Luis Donaldo COLOSIO Murrieta;
National Action Party (PAN), Luis ALVAREZ;
Popular Socialist Party (PPS), Indalecio SAYAGO Herrera;
Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD), Cuauhtemoc CARDENAS Solorzano;
Cardenist Front for the National Reconstruction Party (PFCRN), Rafael
AGUILAR Talamantes;
Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution (PARM), Carlos Enrique CANTU
Rosas

_#_Suffrage: universal and compulsory (but not enforced) at age 18

_#_Elections:

President--last held on 6 July 1988 (next to be held September
1994); results--Carlos SALINAS de Gortari (PRI) 50.74%,
Cuauhtemoc CARDENAS Solorzano (FDN) 31.06%,
Manuel CLOUTHIER (PAN) 16.81%; other 1.39%; note--several of the smaller
parties ran a common candidate under a coalition called the National
Democratic Front (FDN);

Senate--last held on 6 July 1988 (next to be held mid-year
1991); results--PRI 94%, FDN (now PRD) 6%;
seats--(64 total) number of seats by party NA;

Chamber of Deputies--last held on 6 July 1988 (next to be held
mid-year 1991);
results--PRI 53%, PAN 20%, PFCRN 10%, PPS 6%, PARM 7%, PMS (now part of
PRD) 4%;
seats--(500 total) number of seats by party NA

_#_Other political or pressure groups: Roman Catholic Church,
Confederation of Mexican Workers (CTM), Confederation of Industrial
Chambers (CONCAMIN), Confederation of National Chambers of Commerce
(CONCANACO), National Peasant Confederation (CNC), UNE (no expansion),
Revolutionary Workers Party (PRT), Mexican Democratic Party (PDM),
Revolutionary Confederation of Workers and Peasants (CROC), Regional
Confederation of Mexican Workers (CROM), Confederation of Employers of
the Mexican Republic (COPARMEX), National Chamber of Transformation
Industries (CANACINTRA), Business Coordination Council (CCE)

_#_Member of: AG (observer), CCC, CDB, CG, EBRD, ECLAC, FAO, G-3, G-6,
G-11, G-19, G-24, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA,
IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO,
ITU, LAES, LAIA, LORCS, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD,
UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Gustavo PETRICIOLI Iturbide;
Chancery at 1911 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington DC 20006; telephone
(202) 728-1600; there are Mexican Consulates General in Chicago, Dallas,
Denver, El Paso, Houston, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, San
Francisco, San Antonio, San Diego, and Consulates in Albuquerque,
Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Brownsville (Texas), Calexico (California),
Corpus Christi, Del Rio (Texas), Detroit, Douglas (Arizona), Eagle Pass
(Texas), Fresno (California), Kansas City (Missouri), Laredo, McAllen
(Texas), Miami, Nogales (Arizona), Oxnard (California), Philadelphia,
Phoenix, Presidio (Texas), Sacramento, St. Louis, St. Paul (Minneapolis),
Salt Lake City, San Bernardino, San Jose, San Juan (Puerto Rico), and
Seattle;

US--Ambassador John D. NEGROPONTE, Jr.; Embassy at Paseo de la
Reforma 305, 06500 Mexico, D.F. (mailing address is P. O. Box 3087,
Laredo, TX 78044-3087); telephone [52] (5) 211-0042; there are US
Consulates General in Ciudad Juarez, Guadalajara, Monterrey, and Tijuana,
and Consulates in Hermosillo, Matamoros, Mazatlan, Merida, and Nuevo
Laredo

_#_Flag: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and
red; the coat of arms (an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake is its
beak) is centered in the white band

_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Mexico's economy is a mixture of state-owned industrial
plants (notably oil), private manufacturing and services, and both
large-scale and traditional agriculture. In the 1980s Mexico experienced
severe economic difficulties: the nation accumulated large external debts
as world petroleum prices fell; rapid population growth outstripped the
domestic food supply; and inflation, unemployment, and pressures to
emigrate became more acute. Growth in national output, however,
appears to be recovering, rising from 1.4% in 1988 to 3.9% in 1990.
The US is Mexico's major trading partner, accounting for two-thirds of
its exports and imports. After petroleum, border assembly plants and
tourism are the largest earners of foreign exchange. The government, in
consultation with international economic agencies, is implementing
programs to stabilize the economy and foster growth. In 1991 the
government also plans to begin negotiations with the US and Canada on a
free trade agreement.

_#_GDP: $236 billion, per capita $2,680; real growth rate 3.9%
(1990)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 30% (1990)

_#_Unemployment rate: 15-18% (1990 est.)

_#_Budget: revenues $44.3 billion; expenditures $55.2 billion,
including capital expenditures of $7.8 billion (1989)

_#_Exports: $26.8 billion (f.o.b., 1990);

commodities--crude oil, oil products, coffee, shrimp, engines,
cotton;

partners--US 66%, EC 16%, Japan 11%

_#_Imports: $29.8 billion (c.i.f., 1990);

commodities--grain, metal manufactures, agricultural machinery,
electrical equipment;

partners--US 62%, EC 18%, Japan 10%

_#_External debt: $96.0 billion (1990)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 5.3% (1989); accounts for
27% of GDP

_#_Electricity: 27,600,000 kW capacity; 108,976 million kWh produced,
1,240 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel,
petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, transportation equipment, tourism

_#_Agriculture: accounts for 9% of GDP and over 25% of work force;
large number of small farms at subsistence level; major food crops--corn,
wheat, rice, beans; cash crops--cotton, coffee, fruit, tomatoes; fish
catch of 1.4 million metric tons among top 20 nations (1987)

_#_Illicit drugs: illicit cultivation of opium poppy and cannabis
continues in spite of government eradication efforts; major link in
chain of countries used to smuggle cocaine from South American
dealers to US markets

_#_Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $3.1
billion; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-89), $7.1 billion; Communist countries (1970-89), $110 million

_#_Currency: Mexican peso (plural--pesos);
1 Mexican peso (Mex$) = 100 centavos

_#_Exchange rates: market rate of Mexican pesos (Mex$) per
US$1--2,940.9 (January 1991), 2,812.6 (1990), 2,461.3 (1989),
2,273.1 (1988), 1,378.2 (1987), 611.8 (1986), 256.9 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 20,680 km total; 19,950 km 1.435-meter standard gauge;
730 km 0.914-meter narrow gauge

_#_Highways: 210,000 km total; 65,000 km paved, 30,000 km semipaved or
cobblestone, 60,000 km rural roads (improved earth) or roads under
construction, 55,000 km unimproved earth roads

_#_Inland waterways: 2,900 km navigable rivers and coastal canals

_#_Pipelines: crude oil, 28,200 km; refined products, 10,150 km;
natural gas, 13,254 km; petrochemical, 1,400 km

_#_Ports: Acapulco, Coatzacoalcos, Ensenada, Guaymas, Manzanillo,
Mazatlan, Progreso, Puerto Vallarta, Salina Cruz, Tampico, Veracruz

_#_Merchant marine: 64 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 999,423
GRT/1,509,939 DWT; includes 4 short-sea passenger, 9 cargo, 2
refrigerated cargo, 2 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 31 petroleum, oils, and
lubricants (POL) tanker, 3 chemical tanker, 7 liquefied gas, 3 bulk, 3
combination bulk

_#_Civil air: 174 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 1,815 total, 1,537 usable; 195 with permanent-surface
runways; 2 with runways over 3,659 m; 33 with runways 2,440-3,659 m;
276 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: highly developed system with extensive radio
relay links; connection into Central American Microwave System; 6.41
million telephones; stations--679 AM, no FM, 238 TV, 22 shortwave; 120
domestic satellite terminals; earth stations--4 Atlantic Ocean
INTELSAT and 1 Pacific Ocean INTELSAT

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: National Defense (includes Army and Air Force), Navy
(includes Marines)

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 22,340,628; 16,360,596 fit for
military service; 1,107,163 reach military age (18) annually

_#_Defense expenditures: $1 billion, 0.6% of GDP (1988)
_%_
_@_Micronesia, Federated States of
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 702 km2; land area: 702 km2; includes Pohnpei, Truk,
Yap, and Kosrae

_#_Comparative area: slightly less than four times the size of
Washington, DC

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 6,112 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the
eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with
occasional severe
damage

_#_Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to
low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk

_#_Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals

_#_Land use: arable land NA%; permanent crops NA%; meadows and
pastures NA%; forest and woodland NA%; other NA%

_#_Environment: subject to typhoons from June to December; four major
island groups totaling 607 islands

_#_Note: located 5,150 km west-southwest of Honolulu in the North
Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and
Indonesia

_*_People
_#_Population: 107,662 (July 1991), growth rate 2.5% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 34 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 5 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: - 4 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 26 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 68 years male, 73 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 5.0 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun--Micronesian(s); adjective--Micronesian;
Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese, Yapese

_#_Ethnic divisions: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

_#_Religion: predominantly Christian, divided between Roman Catholic
and Protestant; other churches include Assembly of God, Jehovah's
Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventist, Latter Day Saints, and the Baha'i
Faith

_#_Language: English is the official and common language; most
indigenous languages fall within the Austronesian language family, the
exceptions are the Polynesian languages; major indigenous languages are
Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, and Kosrean

_#_Literacy: 90% (male 90%, female 85%) age 15 and over can
read and write (1980)

_#_Labor force: NA; two-thirds are government employees; 45,000 people
are between the ages of 15 and 65

_#_Organized labor: NA

_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Federated States of Micronesia (no short-form name)

_#_Type: constitutional government in free association with the US;
the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

_#_Capital: Kolonia (on the island of Pohnpei); note--a new capital is
being built about 10 km southwest in the Palikir valley

_#_Administrative divisions: 4 states; Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk, Yap

_#_Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN
Trusteeship; formerly the Kosrae, Pohnpei, Truk, and Yap districts of the
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

_#_Constitution: 10 May 1979

_#_Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the
legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

_#_National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of
Micronesia, 10 May (1979)

_#_Executive branch: president, vice president, Cabinet

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Congress

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court

_#_Leaders:

Chief of State and Head of Government--President Bailey OLTER
(since 11 May 1991); Vice President Jacob NENA (since 11 May 1991)

_#_Political parties and leaders: no formal parties

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18

_#_Elections:

President--last held 5 March 1991 (next to be held March 1994);
results--Vice President Bailey OLTER elected president;

Congress--last held on 5 March 1991 (next to be
held March 1993);
results--percent of vote NA;
seats--(14 total)

_#_Communists: none

_#_Member of: ESCAP (associate), ICAO, SPC, SPF, UN

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Jesse B. MAREHALAU;
Embassy at 706 G Street SE, Washington DC 20003; telephone (202)
544-2640;

US--Ambassador Aurelia BRAZEAL; Embassy at address NA, Kolonia
(mailing address is P. O. Box 1286, Pohnpei, Federated States of
Micronesia 96941); telephone 691-320-2187

_#_Flag: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the
stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Financial assistance from the US is the primary source
of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1 billion in the islands in the
1990s; also in December 1990 the US authorized the use of disaster
relief funds for Micronesia because of damage from Typhoon Russ.
In addition Micronesia earns about $4 million a year in fees from foreign
commercial fishing concerns. Economic activity consists primarily of
subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits
worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a
tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of
adequate facilities hinder development.

_#_GNP: $150 million, per capita $1,500; real growth rate NA%
(1989 est.); note--GNP numbers reflect US spending

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%

_#_Unemployment rate: 80% (1988)

_#_Budget: revenues $110.8 million; expenditures NA, including
capital expenditures of NA (1987 est.)

_#_Exports: $1.6 million (f.o.b., 1983);

commodities--copra;

partners--NA

_#_Imports: $48.9 million (c.i.f., 1983);

commodities--NA;

partners--NA

_#_External debt: $NA

_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%

_#_Electricity: 18,000 kW capacity; 40 million kWh produced,
380 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: tourism, craft items from shell, wood, and pearl

_#_Agriculture: mainly a subsistence economy; copra, black pepper;
tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava, sweet potatoes, pigs,
chickens

_#_Economic aid: under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the
US will provide $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001

_#_Currency: US currency is used

_#_Exchange rates: US currency is used

_#_Fiscal year: 1 October-30 September

_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 39 km of paved macadam and concrete roads on major
islands, otherwise 187 km stone-, coral-, or laterite-surfaced roads

_#_Ports: Colonia (Yap), Truk (Kosrae), Okat (Kosrae)

_#_Airports: 11 total, 10 usable; 7 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 2,439 m; 6 with runways 1,220-2,439

_#_Telecommunications: 16,000 radio receivers, 1,125 TV sets (est.
1987); telephone network--960 telephone lines at both Kolonia and Truk;
islands interconnected by shortwave radio (used mostly for government
purposes); stations--5 AM, 1 FM, 6 TV, 1 shortwave; 4 Pacific Ocean
INTELSAT earth stations

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of the US
_%_
_@_Midway Islands
(territory of the US)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 5.2 km2; land area: 5.2 km2; includes Eastern Island
and Sand Island

_#_Comparative area: about nine times the size of The Mall in
Washington, DC

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 15 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 12 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth);

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Climate: tropical, but moderated by prevailing easterly winds

_#_Terrain: low, nearly level

_#_Natural resources: fish and wildlife

_#_Land use: arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

_#_Environment: coral atoll

_#_Note: located 2,350 km west-northwest of Honolulu at the western
end of Hawaiian Islands group, about one-third of the way between
Honolulu and Tokyo; closed to the public

_*_People
_#_Population: 453 US military personnel (1991)

_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none

_#_Type: unincorporated territory of the US administered by the US
Navy, under command of the Barbers Point Naval Air Station in Hawaii and
managed cooperatively by the US Navy and the Fish and Wildlife Service of
the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge
System

_#_Diplomatic representation: none (territory of the US)

_#_Flag: the US flag is used

_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy is based on providing support services for US
naval operations located on the islands. All food and manufactured goods
must be imported.

_#_Electricity: supplied by US Military

_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 32 km total

_#_Pipelines: 7.8 km

_#_Ports: Sand Island

_#_Airports: 3 total; 2 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways;
none with runways over 2,439 m; 2 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of the US
_%_
_@_Monaco
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 1.9 km2; land area: 1.9 km2

_#_Comparative area: about three times the size of The Mall in
Washington, DC

_#_Land boundary: 4.4 km with France

_#_Coastline: 4.1 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Climate: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

_#_Terrain: hilly, rugged, rocky

_#_Natural resources: none

_#_Land use: arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

_#_Environment: almost entirely urban

_#_Note: second-smallest independent state in world (after
Vatican City)

_*_People
_#_Population: 29,712 (July 1991), growth rate 0.9% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 7 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 9 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 8 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 80 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 1.1 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun--Monacan(s) or Monegasque(s); adjective--Monacan
or Monegasque

_#_Ethnic divisions: French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other
21%

_#_Religion: Roman Catholic 95%

_#_Language: French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque

_#_Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

_#_Labor force: NA

_#_Organized labor: 4,000 members in 35 unions

_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Principality of Monaco

_#_Type: constitutional monarchy

_#_Capital: Monaco

_#_Administrative divisions: 4 quarters (quartiers,
singular--quartier); Fontvieille, La Condamine, Monaco-Ville, Monte-Carlo

_#_Independence: 1419, rule by the House of Grimaldi

_#_Constitution: 17 December 1962

_#_Legal system: based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ
jurisdiction

_#_National holiday: National Day, 19 November

_#_Executive branch: prince, minister of state, Council of Government
(cabinet)

_#_Legislative branch: National Council (Conseil National)

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal (Tribunal Supreme)

_#_Leaders:

Chief of State--Prince RAINIER III (since November 1949); Heir
Apparent Prince ALBERT Alexandre Louis Pierre (born 14 March 1958);

Head of Government Minister of State Jean AUSSEIL (since 10
September 1985)

_#_Political parties and leaders:
National and Democratic Union (UND),
Democratic Union Movement (MUD),
Monaco Action,
Monegasque Socialist Party (PSM)

_#_Suffrage: universal adult at age 25

_#_Elections:

National Council--last held on 24 January 1988 (next to be held 24
January 1993);
results--percent of vote by party NA;
seats--(18 total) UND 18

_#_Member of: ACCT, CSCE, ICAO, IMF (observer), IMO, INTELSAT,
INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, UN (observer), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO

_#_Diplomatic representation: Monaco maintains honorary consulates
general in Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, and San
Francisco, and honorary consulates in Dallas, Honolulu, Palm Beach,
Philadelphia, and Washington;

US--no mission in Monaco, but the US Consul General in Marseille,
France, is accredited to Monaco; Consul General R. Susan WOOD; Consulate
General at 12 Boulevard Paul Peytral, 13286 Marseille Cedex (mailing
address APO NY 09777); telephone [33] (91) 549-200

_#_Flag: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to
the flag of Indonesia which is longer and the flag of Poland which is
white (top) and red

_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Monaco, situated on the French Mediterranean coast, is a
popular resort, attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate.
The Principality has successfully sought to diversify into services and
small, high-value-added, non-polluting industries. The state has no
income tax and low business taxes and thrives as a tax haven both for
individuals who have established residence and for foreign companies that
have set up businesses and offices. About 50% of Monaco's annual revenue
comes from value-added taxes on hotels, banks, and the industrial sector;
about 25% of revenue comes from tourism. Living standards are high, that
is, roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan
suburbs.

_#_GDP: $324 million, per capita $11,000; real growth rate NA%
(1990 est.)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%

_#_Unemployment rate: full employment (1989)

_#_Budget: revenues $386 million; expenditures $426, including capital
expenditures of $NA (1988 est.)

_#_Exports: $NA; full customs integration with France, which collects
and rebates Monacan trade duties; also participates in EC market system
through customs union with France

_#_Imports: $NA; full customs integration with France, which collects
and rebates Monacan trade duties; also participates in EC market system
through customs union with France

_#_External debt: $NA

_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%

_#_Electricity: 10,000 kW standby capacity (1988); power supplied by
France

_#_Industries: tourism, pharmaceuticals, precision instruments,
glassmaking, printing, finance

_#_Agriculture: NA

_#_Economic aid: NA

_#_Currency: French franc (plural--francs); 1 French franc (F) = 100
centimes

_#_Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1--5.1307 (January 1991),
5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261
(1986), 8.9852 (1985)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 1.6 km 1.435-meter gauge

_#_Highways: none; city streets

_#_Ports: Monaco

_#_Merchant marine: 1 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker
(1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,268 GRT/4,959 DWT

_#_Civil air: no major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 1 usable airfield with permanent-surface runways

_#_Telecommunications: served by the French communications system;
automatic telephone system; 38,200 telephones; stations--3 AM, 4 FM, 5
TV; no communication satellite stations

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of France
_%_
_@_Mongolia
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 1,565,000 km2; land area: 1,565,000 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than Alaska

_#_Land boundaries: 8,114 km total; China 4,673 km, USSR 3,441 km

_#_Coastline: none--landlocked

_#_Maritime claims: none--landlocked

_#_Climate: desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature
ranges)

_#_Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains; mountains in west and
southwest; Gobi Desert in southeast

_#_Natural resources: oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten,
phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold

_#_Land use: arable land 1%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
79%; forest and woodland 10%; other 10%; includes irrigated NEGL%

_#_Environment: harsh and rugged

_#_Note: landlocked; strategic location between China and Soviet Union

_*_People
_#_Population: 2,247,068 (July 1991), growth rate 2.7% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 34 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 48 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 63 years male, 67 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 4.6 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun--Mongolian(s); adjective--Mongolian

_#_Ethnic divisions: Mongol 90%, Kazakh 4%, Chinese 2%, Russian 2%,
other 2%

_#_Religion: predominantly Tibetan Buddhist, Muslim (about 4%),
limited religious activity because of Communist regime

_#_Language: Khalkha Mongol used by over 90% of population; minor
languages include Turkic, Russian, and Chinese

_#_Literacy: 90% (male NA%, female NA%) (1989 est.)

_#_Labor force: NA, but primarily herding/agricultural; over half the
adult population is in the labor force, including a large percentage
of women; shortage of skilled labor

_#_Organized labor: 425,000 members of the Central Council of
Mongolian Trade Unions (CCMTU) controlled by the government (1984)

_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: Mongolian People's Republic; abbreviated MPR

_#_Type: in transition from Communist state to republic

_#_Capital: Ulaanbaatar

_#_Administrative divisions: 18 provinces (aymguud, singular--aymag)
and 3 municipalities* (hotuud, singular--hot); Arhangay, Bayanhongor,
Bayan-Olgiy, Bulgan, Darhan*, Dornod, Dornogovi, Dundgovi,
Dzavhan, Erdenet*, Govi-Altay, Hentiy, Hovd, Hovsgol,
Omnogovi, Ovorhangay, Selenge, Suhbaatar, Tov,
Ulaanbaatar*, Uvs

_#_Independence: 13 March 1921 (from China; formerly Outer Mongolia)

_#_Constitution: 6 July 1960

_#_Legal system: blend of Russian, Chinese, and Turkish systems of
law; no constitutional provision for judicial review of legislative acts;
has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

_#_National holiday: People's Revolution Day, 11 July (1921)

_#_Executive branch: chairman and deputy chairman of the Presidium of
the People's Great Hural, premier, deputy premiers, Cabinet

_#_Legislative branch: People's Great Hural, People's Small Hural

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court

_#_Leaders:

Chief of State--President Punsalmaagiyn OCHIRBAT (since 3
September 1990); Vice President Radnaasumbereliyn GONCHIGDORJ (since
7 September 1990);

Head of Government--Premier Dashiyn BYAMBASUREN (since 11
September 1990);

_#_Political parties and leaders:

ruling party--Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP),
Budragchagiin DASH-YONDON, general secretary;

opposition--Social Democratic Party (SDP), Batbayar;
Mongolian Democratic Association, Sanjasuren DZORIG, chief coordinator;
Mongolian Party of National Progress, Ganbold;

other--Mongolian Democratic Party (MDP), Batuul;
Free Labor Party, Maam;
note--opposition parties were legalized in May 1990

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18

_#_Elections:

President--last held 3 September 1990 (next to be held July 1994);
results--Punsalmaagiyn OCHIRBAT elected by the People's Great Hural;

People's Great Hural--last held on 29 July 1990 (next to be held
July 1994);
results--MPRP 84.6, MDP 3.8%, PNP 1.4%, SDP 1%, independents 9.2%;
seats--(430 total) MPRP 343;

People's Small Hural--last held on 29 July 1990 (next to be
held July 1994);
results--MPRP 62.3%, MDP 24.5%, SDP 7.5%, PNP 5.7%;
seats--(50 total) MPRP 33

_#_Communists: MPRP membership 90,000 (1990 est.)

_#_Member of: AsDB, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBEC, IBRD, ICAO, IIB, ILO, IMF,
IOC, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO,
WIPO, WMO, WTO

_#_Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Gendengiyn NYAMDOO;
Chancery, Tel. (202) 983-1962;

US--Ambassador Joseph E. LAKE; Deputy Chief of Mission
Michael J. SENKO; Embassy at Ulaanbaatar, c/o American Embassy
Beijing; Tel. 29095 and 29639

_#_Flag: three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and
red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is a five-pointed star
above the national emblem (soyombo--a columnar arrangement of
abstract and geometric representations for fire, sun, moon, earth, water,
and the yin-yang symbol)

_*_Economy
_#_Overview: Economic activity traditionally has been based on
agriculture and the breeding of livestock--Mongolia has the highest
number of livestock per person in the world. In recent years extensive
mineral resources have been developed with Soviet support. The mining and
processing of coal, copper, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, and gold
account for a large part of industrial production. In early 1991 the
Mongolian leadership was struggling with severe economic dislocations,
mainly attributable to chaotic economic conditions in the USSR, by
far Mongolia's leading trade and development partner. For example,
the government doubled most prices in January 1991, and industrial
production dropped 10% in the first quarter of 1991. Moscow almost
certainly will be cutting aid in 1991.

_#_GDP: $2.2 billion, per capita $1,000 (1990 est.); real
growth rate NA%

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%

_#_Unemployment rate: 10% (February 1991)

_#_Budget: deficit of $240 million (1991 est.)

_#_Exports: $784 million (f.o.b., 1988);

commodities--livestock, animal products, wool, hides, fluorspar,
nonferrous metals, minerals;

partners--nearly all trade with Communist countries (about 80%
with USSR)

_#_Imports: $1.14 billion (f.o.b., 1988);

commodities--machinery and equipment, fuels, food products,
industrial consumer goods, chemicals, building materials, sugar, tea;

partners--nearly all trade with Communist countries (about 80% with
USSR)

_#_External debt: $16.8 billion (yearend 1990); 98.6% with USSR

_#_Industrial production: growth rate NA%

_#_Electricity: 657,000 kW capacity; 2,950 million kWh produced,
1,380 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: copper, processing of animal products, building
materials, food and beverage, mining (particularly coal)

_#_Agriculture: accounts for about 20% of GDP and provides livelihood
for about 50% of the population; livestock raising predominates (sheep,
goats, horses); crops--wheat, barley, potatoes, forage

_#_Economic aid: about $300 million in trade credits and $34 million
in grant aid from USSR and other CEMA countries, plus $7.4 million
from UNDP (1990)

_#_Currency: tughrik (plural--tughriks); 1 tughrik (Tug) = 100 mongos

_#_Exchange rates: tughriks (Tug) per US$1--7.1 (1991), 5.63 (1990),
3.00 (1989)

_#_Fiscal year: calendar year

_*_Communications
_#_Railroads: 1,750 km 1.524-meter broad gauge (1988)

_#_Highways: 46,700 km total; 1,000 km hard surface; 45,700 km other
surfaces (1988)

_#_Inland waterways: 397 km of principal routes (1988)

_#_Civil air: 25 major transport aircraft

_#_Airports: 81 total, 31 usable; 11 with permanent-surface
runways; fewer than 5 with runways over 3,659 m; fewer than 20 with
runways 2,440-3,659 m; 12 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

_#_Telecommunications: stations--12 AM, 1 FM, 1 TV (with 18 provincial
relays); relay of Soviet TV; 120,000 TVs; 186,000 radios;
at least 1 earth station

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Mongolian People's Army (includes Border Guards),
Air Force

_#_Manpower availability: males 15-49, 535,376; 349,548 fit for
military service; 25,275 reach military age (18) annually

_#_Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP
_%_
_@_Montserrat
(dependent territory of the UK)
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 100 km2; land area: 100 km2

_#_Comparative area: about 0.6 times the size of Washington, DC

_#_Land boundaries: none

_#_Coastline: 40 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 3 nm

_#_Climate: tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation

_#_Terrain: volcanic islands, mostly mountainous, with small coastal
lowland

_#_Natural resources: negligible

_#_Land use: arable land 20%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures
10%; forest and woodland 40%; other 30%

_#_Environment: subject to severe hurricanes from June to November

_#_Note: located 400 km southeast of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea

_*_People
_#_Population: 12,504 (July 1991), growth rate 1.0% (1991)

_#_Birth rate: 16 births/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Death rate: 10 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Net migration rate: 4 migrants/1,000 population (1991)

_#_Infant mortality rate: 9 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

_#_Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 80 years female (1991)

_#_Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1991)

_#_Nationality: noun--Montserratian(s); adjective--Montserratian

_#_Ethnic divisions: mostly black with a few Europeans

_#_Religion: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal,
Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations

_#_Language: English

_#_Literacy: 97% (male 97%, female 97%) age 15 and over having ever
attended school (1970)

_#_Labor force: 5,100; community, social, and personal services 40.5%,
construction 13.5%, trade, restaurants, and hotels 12.3%, manufacturing
10.5%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 8.8%, other 14.4% (1983 est.)

_#_Organized labor: 30% of labor force, three trade unions with 1,500
members (1984 est.)

_*_Government
_#_Long-form name: none

_#_Type: dependent territory of the UK

_#_Capital: Plymouth

_#_Administrative divisions: 3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges,
Saint Peter

_#_Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

_#_Constitution: 1 January 1960

_#_Legal system: English common law and statute law

_#_National holiday: Celebration of the Birthday of the Queen (second
Saturday of June)

_#_Executive branch: monarch, governor, Executive Council (cabinet),
chief minister

_#_Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council

_#_Judicial branch: Supreme Court

_#_Leaders:

Chief of State--Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Governor David TAYLOR (since NA 1990);

Head of Government--Chief Minister John A. OSBORNE (since NA
1978)

_#_Political parties and leaders:
People's Liberation Movement (PLM), John OSBORNE;
Progressive Democratic Party (PDP), Howell BRAMBLE;
United National Front (UNF), Dr. George IRISH;
National Development Party (NDP), Bertrand OSBORNE

_#_Suffrage: universal at age 18

_#_Elections:

Legislative Council--last held on 25 August 1987 (next to be
held NA 1992);
results--percent of vote by party NA;
seats--(11 total, 7 elected) PLM 4, NDP 2, PDP 1

_#_Communists: probably none

_#_Member of: CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC (associate), ICFTU, OECS, WCL

_#_Diplomatic representation: none (dependent territory of the UK)

_#_Flag: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant
and the Montserratian coat of arms centered in the outer half of the
flag; the coat of arms features a woman standing beside a yellow harp
with her arm around a black cross

_*_Economy
_#_Overview: The economy is small and open with economic activity
centered on tourism and construction. Tourism is the most important
sector and accounted for 20% of GDP in 1986. Agriculture accounted for
about 4% of GDP and industry 10%. The economy is heavily dependent on
imports, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices. Exports
consist mainly of electronic parts sold to the US.

_#_GDP: $54.2 million, per capita $4,500; real growth rate 12% (1988
est.)

_#_Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.6% (1988)

_#_Unemployment rate: 3.0% (1987)

_#_Budget: revenues $12.1 million; expenditures $14.3 million,
including capital expenditures of $3.2 million (1988)

_#_Exports: $2.3 million (f.o.b., 1988 est.);

commodities--electronic parts, plastic bags, apparel, hot peppers,
live plants, cattle;

partners--NA

_#_Imports: $30 million (c.i.f., 1988 est.);

commodities--machinery and transportation equipment, foodstuffs,
manufactured goods, fuels, lubricants, and related materials;

partners--NA

_#_External debt: $2.05 million (1987)

_#_Industrial production: growth rate 8.1% (1986); accounts for
10% of GDP

_#_Electricity: 5,270 kW capacity; 12.2 million kWh produced,
980 kWh per capita (1990)

_#_Industries: tourism; light manufacturing--rum, textiles, electronic
appliances

_#_Agriculture: accounts for 4% of GDP; small-scale farming; food
crops--tomatoes, onions, peppers; not self-sufficient in food, especially
livestock products

_#_Economic aid: Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral
commitments (1970-88), $75 million

_#_Currency: East Caribbean dollar (plural--dollars);
1 EC dollar (EC$) = 100 cents

_#_Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1--2.70 (fixed
rate since 1976)

_#_Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March

_*_Communications
_#_Highways: 280 km total; about 200 km paved, 80 km gravel and earth

_#_Ports: Plymouth

_#_Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runway 1,036 m

_#_Telecommunications: 3,000 telephones; stations--8 AM, 4 FM, 1 TV

_*_Defense Forces
_#_Branches: Police Force

_#_Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK
_%_
_@_Morocco
_*_Geography
_#_Total area: 446,550 km2; land area: 446,300 km2

_#_Comparative area: slightly larger than California

_#_Land boundaries: 2,002 km total; Algeria 1,559 km, Western
Sahara 443 km

_#_Coastline: 1,835 km

_#_Maritime claims:

Contiguous zone: 24 nm;

Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation;

Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm;

Territorial sea: 12 nm

_#_Disputes: claims and administers Western Sahara, but sovereignty is
unresolved; armed conflict in Western Sahara; Spain controls five
places of sovereignty (plazas de soberania) on and off the coast
of Morocco--the coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, which Morocco
contests, and the islands of Penon de Alhucemas, Penon
de Velez de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas

_#_Climate: Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

_#_Terrain: mostly mountains with rich coastal plains

_#_Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead,
zinc, fish, salt

Book of the day: